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2.
Eur J Case Rep Intern Med ; 7(8): 001570, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789123

RESUMO

While functional decline is a common syndrome in geriatric medicine, the diagnosis of the underlying disease can be complex. We present a case of very late-onset systemic lupus erythematosus with fever, arthritis, lymphadenopathy, sicca syndrome, pleurisy, renal impairment and reversible functional and cognitive impairments. Prompt improvement was observed on prednisolone and hydroxychloroquine. LEARNING POINTS: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) rarely occurs in octogenarian patients.In such oldest old patients, SLE may predominantly present with subacute cognitive and functional impairments.Low-dose treatment (prednisolone 7.5 mg/day and hydroxychloroquine 5 mg/kg/day) can reverse all SLE manifestations within 1 month.

3.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 125(3): 53-58, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the ability of the Disease Activity Score (DAS) and the Revised EUSTAR Activity Index (RAI) to detect diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) patients requiring treatment intensification in a Belgian cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the widely used DAS and the recently developed RAI in a longitudinal cohort (median follow-up of 42 months) of 62 dcSSc patients, of whom 30 with a disease duration ≤3 years at inclusion. Active disease was defined by a DAS ≥3/10 or a RAI ≥2.5/10. We chose a pragmatic definition to assess disease progression, namely any start or increase of glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, anti-endothelin receptors or prostanoids. Sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values (NPV and PPV) of DAS and RAI for prediction of actual treatment changes were compared by ROC curves. RESULTS: According to RAI, 48% (of all dcSSc patients) and 55% (of ≤3 years dcSSc patients) were categorised as effectively active during follow-up while 34% and 43% according to DAS, respectively. The PPV and the NPV to detect disease progression, in ≤3 years dcSSc patients, were 59% and 89% for RAI vs 73% and 87% for DAS, respectively. The area under ROC curves were high for both scores (0.85 for RAI and 0.87 for DAS). CONCLUSIONS: Both scores are proven as predictive to detect disease activity, with a slightly better sensitivity for RAI. By contrast, RAI lacks specificity in predicting a real need for treatment intensification, thereby possibly leading to overtreatment.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Difusa , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Bélgica , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(11): 3424-3434, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with LN, clinical and histological responses to treatment have been shown to be discordant. We investigated whether per-protocol repeat kidney biopsies are predictive of LN relapses and long-term renal function impairment. METHODS: Forty-two patients with incident biopsy-proven active proliferative (class III/IV±V) LN from the database of the UCLouvain were included in this retrospective study. Per-protocol repeat biopsies were performed after a median [interquartile range (IQR)] time of 24.3 (21.3-26.2) months. The National Institutes of Health activity index (AI) and chronicity index (CI) scores were assessed in all biopsies. RESULTS: Despite a moderate correlation between urinary protein/creatinine ratios (UPCR) and AI scores at repeat biopsy (r = 0.48; P = 0.001), 10 patients (23.8%) with UPCR < 1.0 g/g still had a high degree of histological activity (AI > 3). High AI scores (continuous) in repeat biopsies were associated with an increased probability and/or shorter time to renal relapse (n = 11) following the repeat biopsy [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.3; P = 0.007], independently of proteinuria levels. High CI scores (continuous) in repeat biopsies were associated with a sustained increase in serum creatinine levels corresponding to ≥120% of the baseline value (HR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.9; P = 0.016) through a median (IQR) follow-up time of 131.5 (73.8-178.2) months, being also the case for acute tubulointerstitial inflammation and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy in repeat but not baseline biopsies. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the usefulness of per-protocol repeat biopsies, herein performed after a median time of 24 months from baseline, as an integral part of the treatment evaluation, also in patients showing adequate clinical response.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 96, 2020 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Studies have demonstrated that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who achieve low disease activity or remission are able to taper biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion of patients in whom bDMARDs can be tapered in daily practice and to analyse the characteristics of these patients. Other objectives were to analyse which bDMARDs are more suitable for dose reduction and the cost savings. RESULTS: Data from 332 eligible RA patients from our Brussels UCLouvain cohort were retrospectively analysed; 140 patients (42.1%) received a tapered regimen, and 192 received stable doses of bDMARDs. The age at diagnosis (43.1 vs 38.7 years, p = 0.04), health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) score (1.3 vs 1.5, p = 0.048), RF positivity rate (83.3 vs 72.9%, p = 0.04) and disease duration at the time of bDMARD introduction (9.7 vs 12.1 years, p = 0.034) were significantly different between the reduced-dose and stable-dose groups. Interestingly, relatively more patients receiving a tapered dose were treated with a combination of bDMARDs and methotrexate (MTX) (86.7% vs 73.8%, p = 0.005). In our cohort, anti-TNF agents were the most commonly prescribed medications (68%). Only 15 patients experienced a flare during follow-up. Adalimumab, etanercept and rituximab were the most common bDMARDs in the reduced-dose group and were associated with the most important reductions in annual cost. CONCLUSION: In daily practice, tapering bDMARDs in RA patients who have achieved low disease activity or remission is an achievable goal in a large proportion of patients, thereby reducing potential side effects and annual drug-associated costs. The combination of bDMARDs with MTX could improve the success of dose reduction attempts. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This retrospective non-interventional study was retrospectively registered with local ethics approval.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 713-723, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2012 EULAR/ERA-EDTA recommendations for the management of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Following the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was performed. Members of a multidisciplinary Task Force voted independently on their level of agreeement with the formed statements. RESULTS: The changes include recommendations for treatment targets, use of glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). The target of therapy is complete response (proteinuria <0.5-0.7 g/24 hours with (near-)normal glomerular filtration rate) by 12 months, but this can be extended in patients with baseline nephrotic-range proteinuria. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended with regular ophthalmological monitoring. In active proliferative LN, initial (induction) treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF 2-3 g/day or mycophenolic acid (MPA) at equivalent dose) or low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY; 500 mg × 6 biweekly doses), both combined with glucocorticoids (pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone, then oral prednisone 0.3-0.5 mg/kg/day) is recommended. MMF/CNI (especially tacrolimus) combination and high-dose CY are alternatives, for patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria and adverse prognostic factors. Subsequent long-term maintenance treatment with MMF or azathioprine should follow, with no or low-dose (<7.5 mg/day) glucocorticoids. The choice of agent depends on the initial regimen and plans for pregnancy. In non-responding disease, switch of induction regimens or rituximab are recommended. In pure membranous LN with nephrotic-range proteinuria or proteinuria >1 g/24 hours despite renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade, MMF in combination with glucocorticoids is preferred. Assessment for kidney and extra-renal disease activity, and management of comorbidities is lifelong with repeat kidney biopsy in cases of incomplete response or nephritic flares. In ESKD, transplantation is the preferred kidney replacement option with immunosuppression guided by transplant protocols and/or extra-renal manifestations. Treatment of LN in children follows the same principles as adult disease. CONCLUSIONS: We have updated the EULAR recommendations for the management of LN to facilitate homogenization of patient care.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Médicas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Proteinúria/terapia
7.
Lupus Sci Med ; 7(1): e000389, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153796

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is a severe manifestation of SLE, characterised by subendothelial and/or subepithelial immune complex depositions in the afflicted kidney, resulting in extensive injury and nephron loss during the acute phase and eventually chronic irreversible damage and renal function impairment if not treated effectively. The therapeutic management of LN has improved during the last decades, but the imperative need for consensual outcome measures remains. In order to design trials with success potentiality, it is important to define clinically important short-term and long-term targets of therapeutic and non-therapeutic intervention. While it is known that early response to treatment is coupled with favourable renal outcomes, early predictors of renal function impairment are lacking. The information gleaned from kidney biopsies may provide important insights in this direction. Alas, baseline clinical and histopathological information has not been shown to be informative. By contrast, accumulating evidence of pronounced discrepancies between clinical and histopathological outcomes after the initial phase of immunosuppression has prompted investigations of the potential usefulness of per-protocol repeat kidney biopsies as an integral part of treatment evaluation, including patients showing adequate clinical response. This approach appears to have merit. Hopefully, clinical, molecular or genetic markers that reliably reflect kidney histopathology and portend the long-term prognosis will be identified. Novel non-invasive imaging methods and employment of the evolving artificial intelligence in pattern recognition may also be helpful towards these goals. The molecular and cellular characterisation of SLE and LN will hopefully result in novel therapeutic modalities, maybe new taxonomy perspectives, and ultimately personalised management.

9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(5): 881-890, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: TLR3 mediates skin solar injury by binding nuclear material released from apoptotic keratinocytes, resulting in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Because the TLR3 gene is located in 4q35, a known systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility locus, we wondered whether TLR3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with inflammatory mechanisms relevant to the development of SLE, and disease susceptibility. METHODS: Functional assays were carried out in TLR3-transfected HEK293 cells and in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs). TLR3 and IFNß immunofluorescence studies were performed in skin samples from 7 SLE patients and 3 controls. We performed a SNP association study in a discovery cohort of 153 patients and 105 controls, followed by a confirmation study in an independent cohort of 1,380 patients and 2,104 controls. RESULTS: TLR3 and IFNß are overexpressed in SLE skin lesions. TLR3 overexpression in HEK293 cells amplifies their sensitivity to a pro-apoptotic stimulus. Taking advantage of a naturally occurring polymorphic TLR3 variant (rs3775291) that weakly versus strongly responds to poly I:C stimulation, we found that TLR3 is associated with amplified apoptotic responses, production of the Ro/SSA autoantigen and increased maturation of myeloid-derived dendritic cells (moDC) after exposure to UV irradiation. However, TLR3 SNPs are not associated with susceptibility to SLE in a large population of patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: TLR3 is overexpressed in SLE skin lesions and amplifies apoptotic and inflammatory responses to UV-irradiation in antigen-presenting cells in vitro. However, TLR3 SNPs do not impact susceptibility to the development of the disease.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Receptor 3 Toll-Like , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos , Apoptose , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/genética
10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(3): 668-677, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type I IFNs play a well-known role in the pathogenesis of SLE, through activation of CD4 T and antigen-presenting cells. Here, we investigated the effects of IFN alpha (IFNα) on SLE B cell activation and differentiation. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and purified total or naïve B cells were obtained from healthy controls and SLE patients. The effects of IFNα on B cell differentiation were studied by flow cytometry. The role of STAT3 in B cell responses to IFNα was studied using pharmacological inhibitors and PBMCs from STAT3-deficient individuals. RESULTS: Incubation of normal PBMCs with IFNα induces a B cell differentiation pattern as observed spontaneously in SLE PBMCs. IFNα displays direct stimulatory effects on purified naïve B cells from healthy individuals, as evidenced by a significant induction of cell surface CD38 and CD95 in the presence of the cytokine. In purified naïve B cells, IFNα also induces STAT3 phosphorylation. IFNα-induced naïve B cell differentiation in total PBMCs is significantly inhibited in the presence of STAT3 inhibitors, or in PBMCs from individuals with STAT3 loss of function mutations. Spontaneous levels of STAT3, but not STAT1, phosphorylation are significantly higher in total B cells from SLE patients compared with controls. Pharmacological STAT3 inhibition in SLE PBMCs inhibits naïve B cell activation and differentiation. CONCLUSION: IFNα displays direct stimulatory effects on B cell differentiation and activation in SLE. STAT3 phosphorylation mediates the effects of IFNα stimulation in naïve B cells, an observation that opens new therapeutic perspectives in SLE.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferon-alfa/farmacologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(3): 347-355, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the immunotherapeutic vaccine interferon-α kinoid (IFN-K) in a 36-week (W) phase IIb, randomised, double-blind, placebo (PBO)-controlled trial in adults with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) despite standard of care. METHODS: Patients with SLE (185) with moderate to severe disease activity and positive interferon (IFN) gene signature were randomised to receive IFN-K or PBO intramuscular injections (days 0, 7 and 28 and W12 and W24). Coprimary endpoints at W36 were neutralisation of IFN gene signature and the BILAG-Based Composite Lupus Assessment (BICLA) modified by mandatory corticosteroid (CS) tapering. RESULTS: IFN-K induced neutralising anti-IFN-α2b serum antibodies in 91% of treated patients and reduced the IFN gene signature (p<0.0001). Modified BICLA responses at W36 did not statistically differ between IFN-K (41%) and PBO (34%). Trends on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Responder Index-4, including steroid tapering at W36, favoured the IFN-K and became significant (p<0.05) in analyses restricted to patients who developed neutralising anti-IFN-α2b antibodies. Attainment of lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS) at W36 discriminated the two groups in favour of IFN-K (53% vs 30%, p=0.0022). A significant CS sparing effect of IFN-K was observed from W28 onwards, with a 24% prednisone daily dose reduction at W36 in IFN-K compared with PBO (p=0.0097). The safety profile of IFN-K was acceptable. CONCLUSIONS: IFN-K induced neutralising anti-IFN-α2b antibodies and significantly reduced the IFN gene signature with an acceptable safety profile. Although the clinical coprimary endpoint was not met, relevant secondary endpoints were achieved in the IFN-K group, including attainment of LLDAS and steroid tapering. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02665364.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Interferon-alfa/administração & dosagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(4): 708-718, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ubiquitination of proteins leads to their degradation by the proteasome, and is regulated by ubiquitin ligases and substrate-specific ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs). The ubiquitination process also plays important roles in the regulation of cell metabolism and cell cycle. Here, we found that the expression of several USPs is increased in SSc tenosynovial and skin biopsies, and we demonstrated that USP inhibition decreases TGF-ß signalling in primary fibroblast cell lines. METHODS: High-density transcriptomic studies were performed using total RNA obtained from SSc tenosynovial samples. Confirmatory immunostaining experiments were performed on tenosynovial and skin samples. In vitro experiments were conducted in order to study the influence of USP modulation on responses to TGF-ß stimulation. RESULTS: Tenosynovial biopsies from SSc patients overexpressed known disease-associated gene pathways: fibrosis, cytokines and chemokines, and Wnt/TGF-ß signalling, but also several USPs. Immunohistochemistry experiments confirmed the detection of USPs in the same samples, and in SSc skin biopsies. Exposure of primary fibroblast cell lines to TGF-ß induced USP gene expression. The use of a pan-USP inhibitor decreased SMAD3 phosphorylation, and expression of COL1A1, COL3A1 and fibronectin gene expression in TGF-ß-stimulated fibroblasts. The effect of the USP inhibitor resulted in increased SMAD3 ubiquitination, and was blocked by a proteasome inhibitor, thereby confirming the specificity of its action. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of several USPs, including USP15, amplifies fibrotic responses induced by TGF-ß, and is a potential therapeutic target in SSc.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/enzimologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Humanos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(3): 411-419, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225865

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: End points currently used in lupus nephritis (LN) clinical trials lack uniformity and questionably reflect long-term kidney survival. This study was undertaken to identify short-term end points that predict long-term kidney outcomes for use in clinical trials. METHODS: A database of 944 patients with LN was assembled from 3 clinical trials and 12 longitudinal cohorts. Variables from the first 12 months of treatment after diagnosis of active LN (prediction period) were assessed as potential predictors of long-term outcomes in a 36-month follow-up period. The long-term outcomes examined were new or progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), severe kidney injury (SKI), and the need for permanent renal replacement therapy (RRT). To predict the risk for each outcome, hazard index tools (HITs) were derived using multivariable analysis with Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: Among 550 eligible subjects, 54 CKD, 55 SKI, and 22 RRT events occurred. Variables in the final CKD HIT were prediction-period CKD status, 12-month proteinuria, and 12-month serum creatinine level. The SKI HIT variables included prediction-period CKD status, International Society of Nephrology (ISN)/Renal Pathology Society (RPS) class, 12-month proteinuria, 12-month serum creatinine level, race, and an interaction between ISN/RPS class and 12-month proteinuria. The RRT HIT included age at diagnosis, 12-month proteinuria, and 12-month serum creatinine level. Each HIT validated well internally (c-indices 0.84-0.92) and in an independent LN cohort (c-indices 0.89-0.92). CONCLUSION: HITs, derived from short-term kidney responses to treatment, correlate with long-term kidney outcomes, and now must be validated as surrogate end points for LN clinical trials.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Nefrite Lúpica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Terapia de Substituição Renal/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Creatinina/sangue , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteinúria/urina , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1782-1789, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30065042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic renal impairment remains a feared complication of lupus nephritis (LN). The present work aimed at identifying mechanisms and markers of disease severity in renal tissue samples from patients with LN. METHODS: We performed high-throughput transcriptomic studies (Illumina HumanHT-12 v4 Expression BeadChip) on archived kidney biopsies from 32 patients with LN and eight controls (pretransplant donors). Histological staging (glomerular and tubular scores) and immunohistochemistry experiments were performed on the same and on a replication set of 37 LN kidney biopsy samples. RESULTS: A group of LN samples was identified by unsupervised clustering studies based on their gene expression features, that is, the overexpression of transcripts involved in antigen presentation, T and B cell activation. These samples were characterised by a significantly lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at the time of biopsy (T0) compared with the other systemic lupus erythematosus samples. Yet, apparent disease duration at T0, double-stranded DNA antibody titres at T0 and other relevant characteristics (serum C3, proteinuria, histological scores, numbers of previous flares) were not different between groups.Immunohistochemistry studies confirmed the association between interstitial infiltration by adaptive immune effectors and decreased renal function in the same and in a replication group of LN kidney biopsies. This was associated with transcriptomic, histological and immunohistochemical evidence of renal tubular cell involvement. CONCLUSION: Interstitial infiltration of LN kidney biopsies by adaptive immune effectors is associated with impaired renal tubular cell function and decreased eGFR. These results open new perspectives in evaluating and treating patients with LN, focusing on intrarenal mechanisms of immune cell activation.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Insuficiência Renal/imunologia , Insuficiência Renal/patologia , Transcriptoma
18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 16(6): 650-657, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28434948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Despite conventional immunosuppressants, active and steroid-dependent systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) represents a therapeutic challenge. Only one biologic, belimumab, has been approved, but other biologics are sometimes used off-label. Given the lack of evidence-based data in some clinical situations encountered in real life, we developed expert recommendations for the use of biologics for SLE. METHODS: The recommendations were developed by a formal consensus method. This method aims to formalize the degree of agreement among experts by identifying, through iterative ratings with feedback, the points on which experts agree, disagree or are undecided. Hence, the recommendations are based on the agreed-upon points. We gathered the opinion of 59 French-speaking SLE experts from 3 clinical networks dedicated to systemic autoimmune diseases (FLEUR, IMIDIATE, FAI2R) from Algeria, Belgium, France, Italy, Morocco, Switzerland and Tunisia. Represented medical specialities were internal medicine (49%), rheumatology (34%), nephrology (7%), dermatology (5%), pediatrics (3%) and cardiology (2%). Two methodologists and 3 strictly independent SLE expert groups contributed to developing these recommendations: a steering group (SG) (n=9), an evaluation group (EG) (n=28) and a reading group (RG) (n=22). Preliminary recommendations were drafted by the SG, then proposed to the EG. Each EG member rated the degree of agreement from 1 to 9 (1: lowest; 9: strongest) for each recommendation. After 2 rating rounds, the SG submitted a new version of the recommendations to the RG. With comments from the RG, the SG finalised the recommendations. RESULTS: A total of 17 final recommendations were formulated by the SG, considering all agreement scores and comments by the EG and RG members and the two methodologists. These recommendations define the subset of patients who require a biologic; the type of biologics to use (belimumab, rituximab, etc.) depending on the organ involvement and associated co-treatments; what information should be given to patients; and how to evaluate treatment efficacy and when to consider discontinuation. CONCLUSION: Overall, 17 recommendations for the good use of biologics in SLE were formulated by a large panel of SLE experts to provide guidance for clinicians in daily practice. These recommendations will be regularly updated according to the results of new randomized trials and increasing real life experience.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia
19.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 69(6): 1267-1271, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28235250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Euro-Lupus regimen of low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (IV CYC) (cumulative dose of 3 gm) was developed to reduce gonadal toxicity. To address the possibility of a marginal effect on the ovarian reserve, we measured serum titers of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) treated with the Euro-Lupus regimen and compared them with those measured in patients who were treated with higher doses of IV CYC or were never treated with IV CYC. METHODS: Serum AMH levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in a cohort of 155 premenopausal SLE patients; 30 of these patients had been treated with the Euro-Lupus regimen, and 24 had received higher doses of IV CYC. None had received oral CYC. AMH levels were age-adjusted using a slope computed from levels measured across the group of SLE patients who had not been treated with IV CYC. Demographic and clinical data were collected. RESULTS: Serum titers of AMH measured in SLE patients treated with the Euro-Lupus IV CYC regimen (median dose 1.46 ng/ml) did not differ from those measured in patients never treated with the cytotoxic drug (median 1.85 ng/ml). As expected, patients given >6 gm of IV CYC had significantly lower serum titers of AMH (median 0.83 ng/ml) compared with those never treated with IV CYC (P = 0.047). Median serum AMH titers did not change before (1.24 ng/ml) and after (2.50 ng/ml) treatment with the Euro-Lupus IV CYC regimen in the subset of patients for whom paired samples could be tested (P = 0.43). CONCLUSION: The Euro-Lupus regimen of low-dose IV CYC does not impact the ovarian reserve of SLE patients and can therefore be proposed as treatment in patients seeking to become pregnant.


Assuntos
Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Reserva Ovariana/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Protocolos Clínicos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue
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