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1.
Nano Lett ; 22(14): 5715-5722, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820103

RESUMO

Made of a thin non-superconducting metal (N) sandwiched by two superconductors (S), SNS Josephson junctions enable novel quantum functionalities by mixing up the intrinsic electronic properties of N with the superconducting correlations induced from S by proximity. Electronic properties of these devices are governed by Andreev quasiparticles (Andreev, A. Sov. Phys. JETP 1965, 20, 1490) which are absent in conventional SIS junctions whose insulating barrier (I) between the two S electrodes owns no electronic states. Here we focus on the Josephson vortex (JV) motion inside Nb-Cu-Nb proximity junctions subject to electric currents and magnetic fields. The results of local (magnetic force microscopy) and global (transport) experiments provided simultaneously are compared with our numerical model, revealing the existence of several distinct dynamic regimes of the JV motion. One of them, identified as a fast hysteretic entry/escape below the critical value of Josephson current, is analyzed and suggested for low-dissipative logic and memory elements.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(51): 12196-12201, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918928

RESUMO

Lateral Josephson junctions (LJJ) made of two superconducting Nb electrodes coupled by Cu-film are applied to quantify the stray magnetic field of Co-coated cantilevers used in magnetic force microscopy (MFM). The interaction of the magnetic cantilever with LJJ is reflected in the electronic response of LJJ as well as in the phase shift of cantilever oscillations, simultaneously measured. The phenomenon is theorized and used to establish the spatial map of the stray field. Based on our findings, we suggest integrating LJJs directly on the tips of cantilevers and using them as nanosensors of local magnetic fields in scanning probe microscopes. Such probes are less invasive than conventional magnetic MFM cantilevers and simpler to realize than SQUID-on-tip sensors.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443889

RESUMO

Operation of Josephson electronics usually requires determination of the Josephson critical current Ic, which is affected both by fluctuations and measurement noise. Lock-in measurements allow obviation of 1/f noise, and therefore, provide a major advantage in terms of noise and accuracy with respect to conventional dc measurements. In this work we show both theoretically and experimentally that the Ic can be accurately extracted using first and third harmonic lock-in measurements of junction resistance. We derived analytical expressions and verified them experimentally on nano-scale Nb-PtNi-Nb and Nb-CuNi-Nb Josephson junctions.

4.
Nano Lett ; 21(12): 5240-5246, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114467

RESUMO

Phase shifter is one of the key elements of quantum electronics. In order to facilitate operation and avoid decoherence, it has to be reconfigurable, persistent, and nondissipative. In this work, we demonstrate prototypes of such devices in which a Josephson phase shift is generated by coreless superconducting vortices. The smallness of the vortex allows a broad-range tunability by nanoscale manipulation of vortices in a micron-size array of vortex traps. We show that a phase shift in a device containing just a few vortex traps can be reconfigured between a large number of quantized states in a broad [-3π, +3π] range.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4009, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488813

RESUMO

Josephson vortices play an essential role in superconducting quantum electronics devices. Often seen as purely conceptual topological objects, 2π-phase singularities, their observation and manipulation are challenging. Here we show that in Superconductor-Normal metal-Superconductor lateral junctions Josephson vortices have a peculiar magnetic fingerprint that we reveal in Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) experiments. Based on this discovery, we demonstrate the possibility of the Josephson vortex generation and manipulation by the magnetic tip of a MFM, thus paving a way for the remote inspection and control of individual nano-components of superconducting quantum circuits.

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