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J Intensive Care Med ; 35(1): 34-41, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079522


OBJECTIVES: Predictors for post-sepsis myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke are yet to be identified due to the competing risk of death. METHODS: This study included all hospitalized patients with sepsis from National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 2000 and 2011. The primary outcome was the first occurrence of MI and stroke requiring hospitalization within 180 days following hospital discharge from the index sepsis episode. The association between predictors and post-sepsis MI and stroke were analyzed using cumulative incidence competing risk model that controlled for the competing risk of death. RESULTS: Among 42 316 patients with sepsis, 1012 (2.4%) patients developed MI and stroke within 180 days of hospital discharge. The leading 5 predictors for post-sepsis MI and stroke are prior cerebrovascular diseases (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.02, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.74-2.32), intra-abdominal infection (HR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.71-2.20), previous MI (HR: 1.81, 95% CI: 1.53-2.15), lower respiratory tract infection (HR: 1.62, 95% CI: 1.43-1.85), and septic encephalopathy (HR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.26-2.06). CONCLUSIONS: Baseline comorbidities and sources of infection were associated with an increased risk of post-sepsis MI and stroke. The identified risk factors may help physicians select a group of patients with sepsis who may benefit from preventive measures, antiplatelet treatment, and other preventive measures for post-sepsis MI and stroke.

Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Sepse/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
Arthritis Rheum ; 64(9): 3034-42, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22605405


OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence of the accuracy of the procalcitonin test for diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with autoimmune disease. METHODS: The major databases Medline, EMBase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies published between January 1966 and October 2011 that evaluated procalcitonin, alone or in comparison with other laboratory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), as a diagnostic marker for bacterial infection in patients with autoimmune disease and provided sufficient data to permit construction of 2 × 2 tables. RESULTS: Nine studies were included in the final meta-analysis. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve values were 0.91 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.88-0.93) for procalcitonin and 0.81 (95% CI 0.78-0.84) for CRP. In general, testing for procalcitonin was highly specific for identifying infectious complications, although it was not as sensitive as testing for CRP. Pooled sensitivity was 0.75 (95% CI 0.63-0.84) for procalcitonin tests and 0.77 (95% CI 0.67-0.85) for CRP tests. Pooled specificity was 0.90 (95% CI 0.85-0.93) for procalcitonin tests and 0.56 (95% CI 0.25-0.83) for CRP tests. The positive likelihood ratio for procalcitonin (7.28 [95% CI 5.10-10.38]) was sufficiently high to qualify procalcitonin testing as a rule-in diagnostic tool, while the negative likelihood ratio (0.28 [95% CI 0.18-0.40]) was not sufficiently low to qualify procalcitonin testing as a reliable rule-out diagnostic tool. CONCLUSION: Procalcitonin has higher diagnostic value than CRP for the detection of bacterial sepsis in patients with autoimmune disease, and the test for procalcitonin is more specific than sensitive. A procalcitonin test is not recommended to be used in isolation as a rule-out tool.

Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Calcitonina/sangue , Precursores de Proteínas/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/sangue , Infecções Bacterianas/sangue , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade