Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 23
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Adv Mater ; : e2207121, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642840

RESUMO

Magnetic semimetals have increasingly emerged as lucrative platforms hosting spin-based topological phenomena in real- and momentum spaces. Cr1+ δ Te2 is a self-intercalated magnetic transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), which exhibits topological magnetism, tunable electron filling, and magnetic frustration etc. While recent studies have explored real-space Berry curvature effects in this material, similar considerations of momentum-space Berry curvature have been lacking. Here, we systematically investigate the electronic structure and transport properties of epitaxial Cr1+ δ Te2 thin films over a wide range of doping, δ (0.33 - 0.71). Spectroscopic experiments reveal the presence of a characteristic semi-metallic band region near the Brillouin zone edge, which shows a rigid band like energy shift as a function of δ. Transport experiments show that the intrinsic component of the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is sizable, and undergoes a sign flip across δ. Finally, density functional theory calculations establish a causal link between the observed doping evolution of the band structure and AHE: the AHE sign flip is shown to emerge from the sign change of the Berry curvature, as the semi-metallic band region crosses the Fermi energy. Our findings underscore the increasing relevance of momentum-space Berry curvature in magnetic TMDs and provide a unique platform for intertwining topological physics in real and momentum spaces. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575457

RESUMO

A proximity effect facilitates the penetration of Cooper pairs that permits superconductivity in a normal metal, offering a promising approach to turn heterogeneous materials into superconductors and develop exceptional quantum phenomena. Here, we have systematically investigated proximity-induced anisotropic superconductivity in a monolayer Ni-Pb binary alloy by combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS) with theoretical calculations. By means of high-temperature growth, the (33×33)R30o Ni-Pb surface alloy has been fabricated on Pb(111) and the appearance of a domain boundary as well as a structural phase transition can be deduced from a half-unit-cell lattice displacement. Given the high spatial and energy resolution, tunneling conductance (dI/dU) spectra have resolved the reduced but anisotropic superconducting gap ΔNiPb ≈ 1.0 meV, in stark contrast to the isotropic ΔPb ≈ 1.3 meV. In addition, the higher density of states at the Fermi energy (D(EF)) of the Ni-Pb surface alloy results in an enhancement of coherence peak height. According to the same Tc ≈ 7.1 K with Pb(111) from the temperature-dependent ΔNiPb and the short decay length Ld ≈ 3.55 nm from the spatially monotonic decrease of ΔNiPb, both results are supportive of a proximity-induced superconductivity. Despite a lack of a bulk counterpart, the atomically thick Ni-Pb bimetallic compound opens a pathway to engineer superconducting properties down to the two-dimensional limit, giving rise to the emergence of anisotropic superconductivity via a proximity effect.

3.
ACS Omega ; 7(18): 15760-15768, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571781

RESUMO

Quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators with large band gaps and dissipationless edge states are of both technological and scientific interest. Although numerous two-dimensional (2D) systems have been predicted to host the QSH phase, very few of them harbor large band gaps and retain their nontrivial band topology when they are deposited on substrates. Here, based on a first-principles analysis with hybrid functional calculations, we investigated the electronic and topological properties of inversion-asymmetric monolayer copper sulfide (Cu2S). Interestingly, we found that monolayer Cu2S possesses an intrinsic QSH phase, Rashba spin splitting, and a large band gap of 220 meV that is suitable for room-temperature applications. Most importantly, we constructed heterostructures of a Cu2S film on PtTe2, h-BN, and Cu(111) substrates and found that the topological properties remain preserved upon an interface with these substrates. Our findings suggest Cu2S as a possible platform to realize inversion-asymmetric QSH insulators with potential applications in low-dissipation electronic devices.

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4582, 2022 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35301355

RESUMO

Topological Dirac materials are attracting a lot of attention because they offer exotic physical phenomena. An exhaustive search coupled with first-principles calculations was implemented to investigate 10 Zintl compounds with a chemical formula of CaM2X2 (M = Zn or Cd, X = N, P, As, Sb, or Bi) under three crystal structures: CaAl2Si2-, ThCr2Si2-, and BaCu2S2-type crystal phases. All of the materials were found to energetically prefer the CaAl2Si2-type structure based on total ground state energy calculations. Symmetry-based indicators are used to evaluate their topological properties. Interestingly, we found that CaM2Bi2 (M = Zn or Cd) are topological crystalline insulators. Further calculations under the hybrid functional approach and analysis using k · p model reveal that they exhibit topological Dirac semimetal (TDSM) states, where the four-fold degenerate Dirac points are located along the high symmetry line in-between Г to A points. These findings are verified through Green's function surface state calculations under HSE06. Finally, phonon spectra calculations revealed that CaCd2Bi2 is thermodynamically stable. The Zintl phase of AM2X2 compounds have not been identified in any topological material databases, thus can be a new playground in the search for new topological materials.

5.
Chem Sci ; 12(35): 11659-11667, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667560

RESUMO

Deciphering rich non-covalent interactions that govern many chemical and biological processes is crucial for the design of drugs and controlling molecular assemblies and their chemical transformations. However, real-space characterization of these weak interactions in complex molecular architectures at the single bond level has been a longstanding challenge. Here, we employed bond-resolved scanning probe microscopy combined with an exhaustive structural search algorithm and quantum chemistry calculations to elucidate multiple non-covalent interactions that control the cohesive molecular clustering of well-designed precursor molecules and their chemical reactions. The presence of two flexible bromo-triphenyl moieties in the precursor leads to the assembly of distinct non-planar dimer and trimer clusters by manifold non-covalent interactions, including hydrogen bonding, halogen bonding, C-H⋯π and lone pair⋯π interactions. The dynamic nature of weak interactions allows for transforming dimers into energetically more favourable trimers as molecular density increases. The formation of trimers also facilitates thermally-triggered intermolecular Ullmann coupling reactions, while the disassembly of dimers favours intramolecular cyclization, as evidenced by bond-resolved imaging of metalorganic intermediates and final products. The richness of manifold non-covalent interactions offers unprecedented opportunities for controlling the assembly of complex molecular architectures and steering on-surface synthesis of quantum nanostructures.

6.
Nanoscale Adv ; 3(23): 6608-6616, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132660

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated the feasibility of synthesizing two-dimensional (2D) Janus materials which possess intrinsic structural asymmetry. Hence, we performed a systematic first-principles study of 2D Janus transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers based on PtXY (X,Y = S, Se, or Te). Our calculated formation energies show that these monolayer Janus structures retain the 1T phase. Furthermore, phonon spectral calculations confirm that these Janus TMD monolayers are thermodynamically stable. We found that PtSSe, PtSTe, and PtSeTe exhibit an insulating phase with indirect band gaps of 2.108, 1.335, and 1.221 eV, respectively, from hybrid functional calculations. Due to the breaking of centrosymmetry in the crystal structure, the spin-orbit coupling (SOC)-induced anisotropic Rashba splitting is observed around the M point. The calculated Rashba strengths from M to Γ (α M-Γ R) are 1.654, 1.103, and 0.435 eV Å-1, while the calculated values from M to K (α M-K R) are 1.333, 1.244, and 0.746 eV Å-1, respectively, for PtSSe, PtSTe, and PtSeTe. Interestingly, the spin textures reveal that the spin-splitting is mainly attributed to the Rashba effect. However, a Dresselhaus-like contribution also plays a secondary role. Finally, we found that the band gaps and the strength of the Rashba effect can be further tuned through biaxial strain. Our findings indeed show that Pt-based Janus TMDs demonstrate the potential for spintronics applications.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(38): 21489-21495, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550130

RESUMO

Controllable fabrication of enantiospecific molecular superlattices is a matter of imminent scientific and technological interest. Herein, we demonstrate that long-range superlattice chirality in molecular self-assemblies can be tailored by tuning the interplay of weak intermolecular non-covalent interactions between hexaphenylbenzene-based enantiomers. By means of high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy measurements, we demonstrate that the functionalization of a hexaphenylbenzene-based molecule with fluorine (F) atoms leads to the formation of molecular self-assemblies with distinct long-range chiral recognition patterns. We employed density functional theory calculations to quantify F-mediated lone pair F⋯π, C-H⋯F, and F⋯F interactions attributed to the distinct enantiospecific molecular self-organizations. Our findings underpin a viable route to fabricate long-range chiral recognition patterns in supramolecular assemblies by engineering the weak non-covalent intermolecular interactions.

8.
ACS Nano ; 14(9): 12037-12044, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885948

RESUMO

The presence of two-dimensional (2D) layer-stacking heterostructures that can efficiently tune the interface properties by stacking desirable materials provides a platform to investigate some physical phenomena, such as the proximity effect and magnetic exchange coupling. Here, we report the observation of antisymmetric magnetoresistance in a van der Waals (vdW) antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic (AFM/FM) heterostructure of MnPS3/Fe3GeTe2 when the temperature is below the Neel temperature of MnPS3. Distinguished from two resistance states in conventional giant magnetoresistance, the magnetoresistance in the MnPS3/Fe3GeTe2 heterostructure exhibits three states, of high, intermediate, and low resistance. This antisymmetric magnetoresistance spike is determined by an unsynchronized magnetic switching between the AFM/FM interface layer and the bulk of Fe3GeTe2 during magnetization reversal. Our work highlights that the artificial vdW stacking structure holds potential to explore some physical phenomena and spintronic device applications.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(3): 036402, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031832

RESUMO

Platinum ditelluride (PtTe_{2}), a type-II Dirac semimetal, remains semimetallic in ultrathin films down to just two triatomic layers (TLs) with a negative gap of -0.36 eV. Further reduction of the film thickness to a single TL induces a Lifshitz electronic transition to a semiconductor with a large positive gap of +0.79 eV. This transition is evidenced by experimental band structure mapping of films prepared by layer-resolved molecular beam epitaxy, and by comparing the data to first-principles calculations using a hybrid functional. The results demonstrate a novel electronic transition at the two-dimensional limit through film thickness control.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 756, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30679630

RESUMO

Synchrotron radiation core-level photoemission spectroscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and first-principles calculations have been utilized to explore the growth processes and the atomic structure of the resulting films during the two-step molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) of In and Bi on the Si(111) surface. Deposition of 1.0-ML Bi on the In/Si(111)-(4 × 1) surface at room temperature results in Bi-terminated BiIn-(4 × 3) structures, which are stable up to ~300 °C annealing. By contrast, deposition of In on the ß-Bi/Si(111)-(√3 × âˆš3) surface at room temperature results in three dimensional (3D) In islands. In both cases, annealing at 460 °C results in the same In-terminated In0.75Bi/Si(111)-(2 × 2) surface. Our DFT calculations confirm that the surface energy of In-terminated In0.75Bi/Si(111)-(2 × 2) system is lower than that of Bi-terminated Bi0.75In/Si(111)-(2 × 2). These findings provide means for the control of the polarity of the MBE In-Bi atomically thick films.

11.
Nanoscale ; 11(3): 878-881, 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604812

RESUMO

We employ an on-surface assembly protocol to synthesize a single layer of a two-dimensional conjugated network (Ni3(HITP)2) on a Au(111) surface. The electronic coupling between the π orbital of the diimine ligand and the d orbital of the metal ion renders efficient π-conjugation. Density-functional theory calculations provide evidence of a non-trivial topological gap in the surface-adsorbed single layer. This work demonstrates that single-layer 2D metal-organic frameworks adsorbed on surfaces are a new class of 2D materials that host quantum phases.

12.
Sci Rep ; 6: 39083, 2016 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982055

RESUMO

The magnetic and electronic properties of hydrogenated and halogenated group-IV zigzag nanoribbons (ZNRs) are investigated by first-principles density functional calculations. Fascinatingly, we find that all the ZNRs have magnetic edges with a rich variety of electronic and magnetic properties tunable by selecting the parent and passivating elements as well as controlling the magnetization direction and external strain. In particular, the electric property of the edge band structure can be tuned from the conducting to insulating with a band gap up to 0.7 eV. The last controllability would allow us to develop magnetic on-off nano-switches. Furthermore, ZNRs such as SiI, Ge, GeI and SnH, have fully spin-polarized metallic edge states and thus are promising materials for spintronics. The calculated magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy can be as large as ~9 meV/edge-site, being 2×103 time greater than that of bulk Ni and Fe (~5 µeV/atom), and thus has great potential for high density magneto-electric data-storage devices. Finally, the calculated exchange coupling strength and thus magnetic transition temperature increases as the applied strain goes from -5% to 5%. Our findings thus show that these ZNRs would have exciting applications in next-generation electronic and spintronic nano-devices.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 113(51): 14656-14661, 2016 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27930314

RESUMO

Silicene, analogous to graphene, is a one-atom-thick 2D crystal of silicon, which is expected to share many of the remarkable properties of graphene. The buckled honeycomb structure of silicene, along with enhanced spin-orbit coupling, endows silicene with considerable advantages over graphene in that the spin-split states in silicene are tunable with external fields. Although the low-energy Dirac cone states lie at the heart of all novel quantum phenomena in a pristine sheet of silicene, a hotly debated question is whether these key states can survive when silicene is grown or supported on a substrate. Here we report our direct observation of Dirac cones in monolayer silicene grown on a Ag(111) substrate. By performing angle-resolved photoemission measurements on silicene(3 × 3)/Ag(111), we reveal the presence of six pairs of Dirac cones located on the edges of the first Brillouin zone of Ag(111), which is in sharp contrast to the expected six Dirac cones centered at the K points of the primary silicene(1 × 1) Brillouin zone. Our analysis shows clearly that the unusual Dirac cone structure we have observed is not tied to pristine silicene alone but originates from the combined effects of silicene(3 × 3) and the Ag(111) substrate. Our study thus identifies the case of a unique type of Dirac cone generated through the interaction of two different constituents. The observation of Dirac cones in silicene/Ag(111) opens a unique materials platform for investigating unusual quantum phenomena and for applications based on 2D silicon systems.

14.
Sci Rep ; 6: 31317, 2016 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27507248

RESUMO

Using first-principles electronic structure calculations, we predict half-fluorinated GaBi honeycomb under tensile strain to harbor a quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) insulator phase. We show that this QAH phase is driven by a single inversion in the band structure at the Γ point. Moreover, we have computed the electronic spectrum of a half-fluorinated GaBi nanoribbon with zigzag edges, which shows that only one edge band crosses the Fermi level within the band gap. Our results suggest that half-fluorination of the GaBi honeycomb under tensile strain could provide a new platform for developing novel spintronics devices based on the QAH effect.

15.
Sci Rep ; 6: 18993, 2016 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26764118

RESUMO

We predict planar Sb/Bi honeycomb to harbor a two-dimensional (2D) topological crystalline insulator (TCI) phase based on first-principles computations. Although buckled Sb and Bi honeycombs support 2D topological insulator (TI) phases, their structure becomes planar under tensile strain. The planar Sb/Bi honeycomb structure restores the mirror symmetry, and is shown to exhibit non-zero mirror Chern numbers, indicating that the system can host topologically protected edge states. Our computations show that the electronic spectrum of a planar Sb/Bi nanoribbon with armchair or zigzag edges contains two Dirac cones within the band gap and an even number of edge bands crossing the Fermi level. Lattice constant of the planar Sb honeycomb is found to nearly match that of hexagonal-BN. The Sb nanoribbon on hexagonal-BN exhibits gapped edge states, which we show to be tunable by an out-of-the-plane electric field, providing controllable gating of edge state important for device applications.

16.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15463, 2015 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26537227

RESUMO

We have carried out systematic first-principles electronic structure computations of growth of ultrathin films of compounds of group III (B, Al, In, Ga, and Tl) with group V (N, P, As, Sb, and Bi) elements on Si(111) substrate, including effects of hydrogenation. Two bilayers (BLs) of AlBi, InBi, GaBi, TlAs, and TlSb are found to support a topological phase over a wide range of strains, in addition to BBi, TlN, and TlBi which can be driven into the nontrivial phase via strain. A large band gap of 134 meV is identified in hydrogenated 2 BL film of InBi. One and two BL films of GaBi and 2 BL films of InBi and TlAs on Si(111) surface possess nontrivial phases with a band gap as large as 121 meV in the case of 2 BL film of GaBi. Persistence of the nontrivial phase upon hydrogenations in the III-V thin films suggests that these films are suitable for growing on various substrates.

17.
Sci Rep ; 5: 14196, 2015 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26374077

RESUMO

For topological insulators to be implemented in practical applications, it is a prerequisite to select suitable substrates that are required to leave insulators' nontrivial properties and sizable opened band gaps (due to spin-orbital couplings) unaltered. Using ab initio calculations, we predict that Ge(111) surface qualified as a candidate to support stanene sheets, because the band structure of √3 × âˆš3 stanene/Ge(111) (2 × 2) surface displays a typical Dirac cone at Γ point in the vicinity of the Fermi level. Aided with the result of Z2 invariant calculations, a √3 × âˆš3 stanene/Ge(111) (2 × 2) system has been proved to sustain the nontrivial topological phase, with the prove being confirmed by the edge state calculations of stanene ribbons. This finding can serve as guidance for epitaxial growth of stanene on substrate and render stanene feasible for practical use as a topological insulator.

18.
Nano Lett ; 15(10): 6568-74, 2015 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26390082

RESUMO

A large gap two-dimensional (2D) topological insulator (TI), also known as a quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulator, is highly desirable for low-power-consuming electronic devices owing to its spin-polarized backscattering-free edge conducting channels. Although many freestanding films have been predicted to harbor the QSH phase, band topology of a film can be modified substantially when it is placed or grown on a substrate, making the materials realization of a 2D TI challenging. Here we report a first-principles study of possible QSH phases in 75 binary combinations of group III (B, Al, Ga, In, and Tl) and group V (N, P, As, Sb, and Bi) elements in the 2D buckled honeycomb structure, including hydrogenation on one or both sides of the films to simulate substrate effects. A total of six compounds (GaBi, InBi, TlBi, TlAs, TlSb, and TlN) are identified to be nontrivial in unhydrogenated case; whereas for hydrogenated case, only four (GaBi, InBi, TlBi, and TlSb) remains nontrivial. The band gap is found to be as large as 855 meV for the hydrogenated TlBi film, making this class of III-V materials suitable for room temperature applications. TlBi remains topologically nontrivial with a large band gap at various hydrogen coverages, indicating the robustness of its band topology against bonding effects of substrates.

19.
Nano Lett ; 14(5): 2505-8, 2014 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24734779

RESUMO

We use first-principles electronic structure calculations to predict a new class of two-dimensional (2D) topological insulators (TIs) in binary compositions of group III elements (B, Al, Ga, In, and Tl) and bismuth (Bi) in a buckled honeycomb structure. We identify band inversions in pristine GaBi, InBi, and TlBi bilayers, with gaps as large as 560 meV, making these materials suitable for room-temperature applications. Furthermore, we demonstrate the possibility of strain engineering in that the topological phase transition in BBi and AlBi could be driven at ∼6.6% strain. The buckled structure allows the formation of two different topological edge states in the zigzag and armchair edges. More importantly, isolated Dirac-cone edge states are predicted for armchair edges with the Dirac point lying in the middle of the 2D bulk gap. A room-temperature bulk band gap and an isolated Dirac cone allow these states to reach the long-sought topological spin-transport regime. Our findings suggest that the buckled honeycomb structure is a versatile platform for hosting nontrivial topological states and spin-polarized Dirac fermions with the flexibility of chemical and mechanical tunability.

20.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 53(4): 235-44, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22964281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) play a major role in the pathogenic changes of airway inflammation in asthma treatment. The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family, especially MMP-9 and MMP-2 levels, can reflect the status of airway remodeling. This study was undertaken to determine the role of a specific CysLT receptor antagonist in inhibition of airway inflammation and reversal of airway remodeling. METHODS: Ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized BALB/c mice were fed with a specific leukotriene receptor antagonist (MK-679), prednisolone or placebo from Days 15 to 27. Airway hyperreactivity, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and sera were analyzed. Pulmonary histology was obtained, and the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in BALF were measured. RESULTS: The OVA-sensitized mice developed significant airway inflammatory responses, including extensive eosinophils trafficking into BALF and lung interstitium, goblet cell hyperplasia, mucus hypersecretion, elevated serum immunoglobulin (Ig) E, and decreased level of serum IgG2a. Administration of MK-679 could reduce airway inflammation but was not as effective as prednisolone. However, MK-679 was more effective than prednisolone for reversing subepithelial fibrotic and myofibrotic reactions of airway remodeling. The levels of MMP-2 and -9 in BALF were proportional to the extent of airway remodeling, which can reflect the effects of treatment. Both prednisolone and MK-679 reverse airway hyperresponsiveness induced by OVA-sensitized mice. CONCLUSION: Cysteinyl leukotriene receptor plays a more important role than CysLT in the pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation. MMP-2 and -9 may be more sensitive indicators of airway remodeling.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Leucotrienos/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Análise de Variância , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Cisteína/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Leucotrienos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Função Respiratória , Sistema Respiratório/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...