Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nano Lett ; 22(21): 8475-8481, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36282025

RESUMO

Artificial fabrication of a monolayer Kagome material can offer a promising opportunity to explore exceptional quantum states and phenomena in low dimensionality. Here, we have systematically studied a monatomic Ni Kagome lattice grown on Pb(111) by scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS) and density functional theory (DFT). Sawtooth edge structures with distinct heights due to subsurface Ni atoms have been revealed, leading to asymmetric edge scattering of surface electrons on Pb(111). In addition, a local maximum at about -0.2 eV in tunneling spectra represents a manifestation of characteristic phase-destructive flat bands. Although charge transfer from underlying Pb(111) substrate results in a vanishing magnetic moment of Ni atoms, the proximity-induced superconducting gap is slightly enhanced on the Ni Kagome lattice. In light of single-atomic-layer Ni Kagome lattice on superconducting Pb(111) substrate, it could serve as an ideal platform to investigate the interplay between Kagome physics and superconductivity down to the two-dimensional limit.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575457

RESUMO

A proximity effect facilitates the penetration of Cooper pairs that permits superconductivity in a normal metal, offering a promising approach to turn heterogeneous materials into superconductors and develop exceptional quantum phenomena. Here, we have systematically investigated proximity-induced anisotropic superconductivity in a monolayer Ni-Pb binary alloy by combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS) with theoretical calculations. By means of high-temperature growth, the (33×33)R30o Ni-Pb surface alloy has been fabricated on Pb(111) and the appearance of a domain boundary as well as a structural phase transition can be deduced from a half-unit-cell lattice displacement. Given the high spatial and energy resolution, tunneling conductance (dI/dU) spectra have resolved the reduced but anisotropic superconducting gap ΔNiPb ≈ 1.0 meV, in stark contrast to the isotropic ΔPb ≈ 1.3 meV. In addition, the higher density of states at the Fermi energy (D(EF)) of the Ni-Pb surface alloy results in an enhancement of coherence peak height. According to the same Tc ≈ 7.1 K with Pb(111) from the temperature-dependent ΔNiPb and the short decay length Ld ≈ 3.55 nm from the spatially monotonic decrease of ΔNiPb, both results are supportive of a proximity-induced superconductivity. Despite a lack of a bulk counterpart, the atomically thick Ni-Pb bimetallic compound opens a pathway to engineer superconducting properties down to the two-dimensional limit, giving rise to the emergence of anisotropic superconductivity via a proximity effect.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(22): 226402, 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30547609

RESUMO

Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements of Mn phthalocyanine (MnPc) molecules adsorbed on (sqrt[3]×sqrt[3]) surface alloys show single inelastic steps at exclusively positive or negative bias strongly depending on the tip position. This is in contrast to conventional molecular excitation thresholds, which are independent of the current direction and therefore always occur at both positive and negative bias. This polarity selectivity is found to coincide with the spatial distribution of occupied and empty orbitals. Because of the interaction with the substrate, charge transfer into the doubly degenerate d_{π} orbitals of MnPc takes place. The resulting Jahn-Teller effect lifts the degeneracy and leads to an isospin- or pseudospin-flip excitation, the inelastic analogue of an orbital Kondo resonance.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(20): 209901, 2018 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29864310

RESUMO

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.017201.

5.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1571, 2018 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29679007

RESUMO

Magnetic skyrmions are localized nanometer-sized spin configurations with particle-like properties, which are envisioned to be used as bits in next-generation information technology. An essential step toward future skyrmion-based applications is to engineer key magnetic parameters for developing and stabilizing individual magnetic skyrmions. Here we demonstrate the tuning of the non-collinear magnetic state of an Fe double layer on an Ir(111) substrate by loading the sample with atomic hydrogen. By using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy, we discover that the hydrogenated system supports the formation of skyrmions in external magnetic fields, while the pristine Fe double layer does not. Based on ab initio calculations, we attribute this effect to the tuning of the Heisenberg exchange and the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interactions due to hydrogenation. In addition to interface engineering, hydrogenation of thin magnetic films offers a unique pathway to design and optimize the skyrmionic states in low-dimensional magnetic materials.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 119(3): 037202, 2017 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28777635

RESUMO

Spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy investigations reveal a significant increase of the magnetic period of spin spirals in three-atomic-layer-thick Fe films on Ir(111), from about 4 nm at 8 K to about 65 nm at room temperature. We attribute this considerable influence of temperature on the magnetic length scale of noncollinear spin states to different exchange interaction coefficients in the different Fe layers. We thus propose a classical spin model that reproduces the experimental observations and in which the crucial feature is the presence of magnetically coupled atomic layers with different interaction strengths. This model might also apply for many other systems, especially magnetic multilayers.

7.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 12(2): 123-126, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27819694

RESUMO

Controlling magnetism with electric fields is a key challenge to develop future energy-efficient devices. The present magnetic information technology is mainly based on writing processes requiring either local magnetic fields or spin torques, but it has also been demonstrated that magnetic properties can be altered on the application of electric fields. This has been ascribed to changes in magnetocrystalline anisotropy caused by spin-dependent screening and modifications of the band structure, changes in atom positions or differences in hybridization with an adjacent oxide layer. However, the switching between states related by time reversal, for example magnetization up and down as used in the present technology, is not straightforward because the electric field does not break time-reversal symmetry. Several workarounds have been applied to toggle between bistable magnetic states with electric fields, including changes of material composition as a result of electric fields. Here we demonstrate that local electric fields can be used to switch reversibly between a magnetic skyrmion and the ferromagnetic state. These two states are topologically inequivalent, and we find that the direction of the electric field directly determines the final state. This observation establishes the possibility to combine electric-field writing with the recently envisaged skyrmion racetrack-type memories.

8.
Nat Commun ; 7: 10949, 2016 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26971713

RESUMO

Phase coexistence phenomena have been intensively studied in strongly correlated materials where several ordered states simultaneously occur or compete. Material properties critically depend on external parameters and boundary conditions, where tiny changes result in qualitatively different ground states. However, up to date, phase coexistence phenomena have exclusively been reported for complex compounds composed of multiple elements. Here we show that charge- and magnetically ordered states coexist in double-layer Fe/Rh(001). Scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy measurements reveal periodic charge-order stripes below a temperature of 130 K. Close to liquid helium temperature, they are superimposed by ferromagnetic domains as observed by spin-polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy. Temperature-dependent measurements reveal a pronounced cross-talk between charge and spin order at the ferromagnetic ordering temperature about 70 K, which is successfully modelled within an effective Ginzburg-Landau ansatz including sixth-order terms. Our results show that subtle balance between structural modifications can lead to competing ordering phenomena.


Assuntos
Ferro/química , Imãs/química , Ródio/química , Temperatura Baixa , Magnetismo , Microscopia de Tunelamento , Eletricidade Estática
9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(1): 017201, 2016 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26799040

RESUMO

We report on the influence of uniaxial strain relief on the spin spiral state in the Fe double layer grown on Ir(111). Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) measurements reveal areas with reconstruction lines resulting from uniaxial strain relief due to the lattice mismatch of Fe and Ir atoms, as well as pseudomorphic strained areas. Magnetic field-dependent spin-polarized STM measurements of the reconstructed Fe double layer reveal cycloidal spin spirals with a period on the nm scale. Globally, the spin spiral wave fronts are guided along symmetry-equivalent [112̅] crystallographic directions of the fcc(111) substrate. On an atomic scale the spin spiral propagation direction is linked to the [001] direction of the bcc(110)-like Fe, leading to a zigzag shaped wave front. The isotropically strained pseudomorphic areas also exhibit a preferred magnetic periodicity on the nm scale but no long-range order. We find that already for local strain relief with a single set of reconstruction lines a strict guiding of the spin spiral is realized.

10.
Nano Lett ; 14(7): 3895-902, 2014 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24871813

RESUMO

Magnetic organic molecules, such as 3d transition metal phthalocyanines (TMPc), exhibit properties which make them promising candidates for future applications in magnetic data storage or spin-based data processing. Due to their small size, however, TMPc molecules are prone to quantum effects. For example, the interaction of uncompensated molecular spins with conduction electrons of the substrate may lead to the formation of a many-body singlet state, which gives rise to the so-called Kondo effect. Although the Kondo effect of TMPc molecules has been the object of several investigations, a consistent picture to describe under which conditions a Kondo state is formed is still missing. Here, we study the Kondo properties of MnPc on Ag(001) by means of the low-temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy (LT-STS) measurements. Differential conductance dI/dU spectra reveal a zero-bias peak that is localized on the Mn ion site. Ab initio calculations combined with a many-body treatment of the multiorbital interaction show that the local Hund coupling favors the high-spin configuration on the 3d shell of the central TM atom. Therefore, each orbital gets close to its individual half-filling creating the necessary condition for many of the 3d orbitals to contribute to the observed Kondo resonance. This, however, happens only for the 3dz(2) orbital, whose hybridization to the substrate is much stronger than for the other orbitals thanks to its shape and its orientation.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 111(26): 266401, 2013 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24483807

RESUMO

We report on the observation of the hysteretic transition of a commensurate charge modulation in IrTe2 from transport and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies. Below the transition (TC≈275 K on cooling), a q=1/5 charge modulation was observed, which is consistent with previous studies. Additional modulations [qn=(3n+2)(-1)] appear below a second transition at TS≈180 K on cooling. The coexistence of various modulations persists up to TC on warming. The atomic structures of charge modulations and the temperature-dependent STM studies suggest that 1/5 modulation is a periodic soliton lattice that partially melts below TS on cooling. Our results provide compelling evidence that the ground state of IrTe2 is a commensurate 1/6 charge modulation, which originates from the periodic dimerization of Te atoms visualized by atomically resolved STM images.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...