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1.
Phytother Res ; 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36180975

RESUMO

Sorafenib (SF), a multi-kinase inhibitor, is the first FDA-approved systemic chemotherapy drug for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its clinical application is limited by severe toxicity and side effects associated with high applied doses. Sophora alopecuroides L. is traditionally used as Chinese herbal medicine for treating gastrointestinal diseases, bacillary dysentery, viral hepatitis, and other diseases, and exerts an important role in anti-tumor. Hence, we investigated the synergistic actions of seventeen flavonoids from this herb combined with SF against HCC cell lines and their primary mechanism. In the experiment, most compounds were found to prominently enhance the inhibitory effects of SF on HCC cells than their alone treatment. Among them, three compounds leachianone A (1), sophoraflavanone G (3), and trifolirhizin (17) exhibited significantly synergistic anticancer activities against MHCC97H cells at low concentration with IC50 of SF reduced by 5.8-fold, 3.6-fold, and 3.5-fold corresponding their CI values of 0.49, 0.66, and 0.46 respectively. Importantly, compounds 3 or 17 combined with SF could synergistically induce MHCC97H cells apoptosis via the endogenously mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway, involving higher Bax/Bcl-2 expressions with the activation of caspase-9 and -3, and arrest the cell cycle in G1 phases. Strikingly, this synergistic effect was also closely related to the co-suppression of ERK and AKT signaling pathways. Furthermore, compound 3 significantly enhanced the suppression of SF on tumor growth in the HepG2 xenograft model, with a 79.3% inhibition ratio at high concentration, without systemic toxicity, compared to either agent alone. These results demonstrate that the combination treatment of flavonoid 3 and SF at low doses exert synergistic anticancer effects on HCC cells in vitro and in vivo.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 854: 158580, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075440

RESUMO

The impact of aerosols on ozone via influencing photolysis rates is a combined effect of absorbing aerosols (AA) and scattering aerosols (SA). However, AA and SA show different optical properties and influence photolysis rates differently, which then cause different impacts on ozone. Till now, the dominate factor is disconfirmed, which is largely due to the impact of SA on ozone not reaching to a consistent conclusion. In this study, the WRF-Chem model was implemented to simulate the air pollutants over the North China Plain (NCP). The impacts of AA and SA on ozone via influencing photolysis rates were quantitatively isolated and analyzed. Our results also demonstrated the decreasing effect of AA on ozone within planet boundary layer (PBL) which is consistent with the conclusions of previous studies. But for SA, it decreased the ozone chemical contribution (CHEM) near surface but increased which in the upper layers of PBL, that enlarge the ozone vertical gradients. In this case, more vertical exchanges of ozone would occur with the effect of vertical mixing motion of atmosphere, then the opposite CHEM variations were counteracted with each other and finally led to very slight changes in ozone within PBL. Thus, it can be summarized that AA dominate this impact of aerosols on ozone. Reducing AA could cause a general increase in ozone (ΔO3) over the NCP. Based on the aerosol levels of this case, ΔO3 would be seen over 86 % of the areas in the NCP when reducing AA by 3/4 and ΔO3 was more significant in the megacities. Our study highlights the different relationships between ozone and aerosol types, which suggests that more attentions should be paid on aerosol types, especially AA, when making the synergetic control strategy of aerosols and ozone in China.

3.
Poult Sci ; 101(11): 102130, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088822

RESUMO

Semen quality is the most important indicator in evaluating drake fecundity. At present, the low semen quality has become a major factor restricting the development of artificial insemination (AI) technology in ducks. Numerous studies have indicated that seminal plasma proteins play a crucial role in semen quality, but the mechanism of seminal plasma proteins regulating semen quality of drakes remains unclear. Thus, the objective of this study was to identify seminal plasma proteins associated with semen quality by comparing the seminal plasma proteomic profile of drakes with high-quality semen (HQS) and low-quality semen (LQS). Using a label-free MS-based method, a total of 745 seminal plasma proteins were identified. Of these, 55 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified (40 up-regulated and 15 down-regulated). Gene Ontology (GO) analysis showed that the DEPs were mainly enriched in transmembrane transport, extracellular matrix structural constituent, transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups, transmembrane transporter activity, and integral component of membrane (P < 0.05). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional enrichment analysis indicated that the DEPs were significantly enriched in apoptosis, tyrosine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and sulfur metabolism pathways (P < 0.05). Moreover, through protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, eight potential candidate proteins were identified, including P19140 (Alpha-enolase), R0KUV7 (Calreticulin), R0K3X3 (Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 5), R0L6V0 (Proteasome subunit beta), R0JKW0 (Cytochrome c), R0JMC5 (Tubulin alpha chain), R0LCK1 (Cathepsin C), and R0JUP6 (Cathepsin D), which could play crucial roles in semen quality. Notably, further analysis demonstrated that key protein P19140 (Alpha-enolase) might can control the semen quality of drakes by regulating the expression of proteins related to apoptosis pathway. This study is the first systematically comparing the seminal plasma proteome of drakes exhibiting high and low semen quality. These results provide novel insights into the mechanisms regulating semen quality of drakes.

4.
Biology (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138792

RESUMO

Diapause is a form of dormancy that organisms use to adapt to extreme environments by exhibiting developmental arrest. In the silkworm, Bombyx mori, diapause is thought to be elicited by diapause hormone (DH) signaling, which consists of interactions between DH and the DH receptor (DHR). However, the steps downstream of the DH signaling pathway are largely unknown. In the present study, we directly injected synthesized DH into the female pupae of a multivoltine, non-diapausing strain at 36 h after pupation. We found that the mRNA level of DHR declined at 4 h and recovered at 12 h after the injection of DH. Thus, we sequenced the transcriptome of the ovaries at 4 h and 12 h after the injection of DH. We identified 60 and 221 differentially expressed genes at 4 h and 12 h after the injection, respectively. All DEGs were identified, relating to 20E-related genes, JH-related genes, cellular detoxification, ribosomal proteins, lipid metabolism, and epigenetic modifications. Eleven genes were selected from the above categories to verify the transcriptome data. The qRT-PCR and RNA-Seq expression patterns of the genes were consistent, which indicated the authenticity and reliability of the transcriptome data. This study dramatically expands upon our knowledge of gene expression variation at the early phase of DH release.

5.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057957

RESUMO

A novel neurological disorder, shaking mink syndrome (SMS), emerged in Denmark and Sweden since 2000. SMS has seldom been reported in China, but the causative agent has not been detected in the country. SMS outbreaks occurred in multiple provinces in 2020. A total of 44 brain samples from minks associated with SMS were collected from Heilongjiang, Liaoning, and Shandong provinces, of which 28 samples (63.3%) were SMS-Astrovirus (SMS-AstV) positive by reverse transcription PCR. Histopathological examination revealed non-suppurative encephalitis in 3 minks. Moreover, the complete coding region sequences (CDS, 6559 bp) of a sample collected from a two-month-old mink (termed SMS-AstV-H1, GSA accession No. SAMC816786) were amplified by PCR and Sanger sequenced. The complete CDS and ORF2 sequences of SMS-AstV-H1 were 94.3% and 96.4% identical to a SMS-AstV strain (GenBank accession number: GU985458). Phylogenetically, SMS-AstV-H1 was closely related to an SMS-AstV strain (GU985458). Based on the above results, we describe SMS-AstV-associated encephalitis in farmed minks in China. Future studies need to focus on epidemiology, virus isolation, and potential interspecies transmission of SMS-AstV. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(16): 882, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111050

RESUMO

Background: Molecular typing based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation and gene expression can extend understandings of the molecular mechanisms involved in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and enhance current diagnostic, treatment, and prognosis prediction approaches. Methods: Gene expression and DNA methylation data sets of LUAD were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the differential gene and methylation expression levels were analyzed. Results: We successfully divided the LUAD samples into 2 clinically relevant subtypes with significantly different survival times and tumor stages according to the transcriptome and methylation data. We found significant differences in the survival status, age, gender, tumor stage, node stage, and clinical stage between the 2 subtypes. The hub genes identified in the subnetworks, including NCAPG, CCNB1, DLGAP5, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DPA1, HLA-DPB1, SFTP, SCGBA1A, and SFTPD, were correlated with the cell cycle and immune system. The Gene Ontology annotation of the hub genes showed that the biological processes included organelle fission mitotic nuclear division, and sister chromatid segregation. The cellular components included chromosomal region, spindle, and kinetochore. The molecular functions included tubulin-binding, microtubule-binding, and DNA replication origin binding. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes signaling pathways related to the hub genes mainly included the cell cycle, human T-cell leukemia virus (type 1) infection, inflammatory bowel disease, and the intestinal immune network for immunoglobulin A production. The clinical stage difference was also confirmed in the validation group using the GSE32863 data set. Conclusions: Our findings extend understandings of the pathogenesis of LUAD and can be used to improve current diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis prediction strategies.

7.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 420, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104729

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. SGLT2 inhibitors are clinically effective in halting DKD progression. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The serum and kidneys of mice with DKD were analyzed using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based metabolomic and proteomic analyses. Three groups were established: placebo-treated littermate db/m mice, placebo-treated db/db mice and EMPA-treated db/db mice. Empagliflozin (EMPA) and placebo (10 mg/kg/d) were administered for 12 weeks. EMPA treatment decreased Cys-C and urinary albumin excretion compared with placebo by 78.60% and 57.12%, respectively (p < 0.001 in all cases). Renal glomerular area, interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis were decreased by 16.47%, 68.50% and 62.82%, respectively (p < 0.05 in all cases). Multi-omic analysis revealed that EMPA treatment altered the protein and metabolic profiles in the db/db group, including 32 renal proteins, 51 serum proteins, 94 renal metabolites and 37 serum metabolites. Five EMPA-related metabolic pathways were identified by integrating proteomic and metabolomic analyses, which are involved in renal purine metabolism; pyrimidine metabolism; tryptophan metabolism; nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, and glycine, serine and threonine metabolism in serum. In conclusion, this study demonstrated metabolic reprogramming in mice with DKD. EMPA treatment improved kidney function and morphology by regulating metabolic reprogramming, including regulation of renal reductive stress, alleviation of mitochondrial dysfunction and reduction in renal oxidative stress reaction.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Cromatografia Líquida , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Glucosídeos , Rim/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteômica , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/metabolismo , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/farmacologia , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 628(Pt B): 1019-1030, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049278

RESUMO

Electromagnetic wave absorbers constructed by reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and magnetic nanoparticles are extremely desirable for enhancing electromagnetic wave absorption performance due to the effective integration of the properties of dielectric and magnetic materials. However, the arrangement of graphene sheets and the growth of magnetic nanoparticles have always been challenging. Herein, an in-situ growth process has been used to successfully prepare accordion-like graphene with homogeneously distributed Fe nanoparticles in the confined structure via ion absorption and pyrolysis. The as-prepared Fe/layered rGO composites show excellent electromagnetic wave absorption performance with thin thickness, low filler loading, and broad effective absorption bandwidth (EAB). The minimum reflection loss of the composites achieves -54.6 dB with 20 wt% filler loading, and the tunable EAB reach 6.8 GHz (2.2 mm with 10 wt% filler loading) and 4.6 GHz (2.8 mm with 30 wt% filler loading), which can cover the entire Ku-band and X-band. The mechanism analysis indicates that the superior absorption performance is attributed to the multi-component loss mechanism, enhanced impedance matching degree and attenuation ability caused by the synergistic effect of layered rGO sheets and magnetic nanoparticles. This work opens up a new avenue for constructing accordion-like graphene-based composites as highly efficient electromagnetic wave absorbers.

9.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079450

RESUMO

Gears are usually measured by the contact metrology method in gear measuring centers or coordinate measuring machines. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) optical scanning, a non-contact metrology method, has been applied in the industry as an advanced measurement technology mainly due to its high efficiency. However, its applications to gears with complicated geometry, such as face gears, are still limited due to its relatively low accuracy and the void of related measurement solutions. In this work, an accurate measurement solution with 3D optical scanning is proposed for the tooth surface deviations of orthogonal face gears. First, point cloud collection is carried out by the 3D scanner. Furthermore, the measurement solution is implemented with a three-stage algorithm by aligning point clouds with the design model. Subsequently, 3D modeling is studied by numbering the points and reconstructing the real tooth surfaces. An example with a measurement experiment and loaded tooth contact analysis is given to show the validity of the proposed method.

11.
Lancet ; 400(10355): 811-821, 2022 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the prevalence of risk factors and their associations with incident cardiovascular disease in women compared with men, especially from low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: In the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study, we enrolled participants from the general population from 21 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries and followed them up for approximately 10 years. We recorded information on participants' metabolic, behavioural, and psychosocial risk factors. For this analysis, we included participants aged 35-70 years at baseline without a history of cardiovascular disease, with at least one follow-up visit. The primary outcome was a composite of major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular disease deaths, myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure). We report the prevalence of each risk factor in women and men, their hazard ratios (HRs), and population-attributable fractions (PAFs) associated with major cardiovascular disease. The PURE study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03225586. FINDINGS: In this analysis, we included 155 724 participants enrolled and followed-up between Jan 5, 2005, and Sept 13, 2021, (90 934 [58·4%] women and 64 790 [41·6%] men), with a median follow-up of 10·1 years (IQR 8·5-12·0). At study entry, the mean age of women was 49·8 years (SD 9·7) compared with 50·8 years (9·8) in men. As of data cutoff (Sept 13, 2021), 4280 major cardiovascular disease events had occurred in women (age-standardised incidence rate of 5·0 events [95% CI 4·9-5·2] per 1000 person-years) and 4911 in men (8·2 [8·0-8·4] per 1000 person-years). Compared with men, women presented with a more favourable cardiovascular risk profile, especially at younger ages. The HRs for metabolic risk factors were similar in women and men, except for non-HDL cholesterol, for which high non-HDL cholesterol was associated with an HR for major cardiovascular disease of 1·11 (95% CI 1·01-1·21) in women and 1·28 (1·19-1·39) in men, with a consistent pattern for higher risk among men than among women with other lipid markers. Symptoms of depression had a HR of 1·09 (0·98-1·21) in women and 1·42 (1·25-1·60) in men. By contrast, consumption of a diet with a PURE score of 4 or lower (score ranges from 0 to 8), was more strongly associated with major cardiovascular disease in women (1·17 [1·08-1·26]) than in men (1·07 [0·99-1·15]). The total PAFs associated with behavioural and psychosocial risk factors were greater in men (15·7%) than in women (8·4%) predominantly due to the larger contribution of smoking to PAFs in men (ie, 1·3% [95% CI 0·5-2·1] in women vs 10·7% [8·8-12·6] in men). INTERPRETATION: Lipid markers and depression are more strongly associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease in men than in women, whereas diet is more strongly associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease in women than in men. The similar associations of other risk factors with cardiovascular disease in women and men emphasise the importance of a similar strategy for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in men and women. FUNDING: Funding sources are listed at the end of the Article.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2202620, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047655

RESUMO

Sensory nerves are long being recognized as collecting units of various outer stimuli; recent advances indicate that the sensory nerve also plays pivotal roles in maintaining organ homeostasis. Here, this study shows that sensory nerve orchestrates intervertebral disc (IVD) homeostasis by regulating its extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism. Specifically, genetical sensory denervation of IVD results in loss of IVD water preserve molecule chondroitin sulfate (CS), the reduction of CS bio-synthesis gene chondroitin sulfate synthase 1 (CHSY1) expression, and dysregulated ECM homeostasis of IVD. Particularly, knockdown of sensory neuros calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression induces similar ECM metabolic disorder compared to sensory nerve denervation model, and this effect is abolished in CHSY1 knockout mice. Furthermore, in vitro evidence shows that CGRP regulates nucleus pulposus cell CHSY1 expression and CS synthesis via CGRP receptor component receptor activity-modifying protein 1 (RAMP1) and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signaling. Therapeutically, local injection of forskolin significantly attenuates IVD degeneration progression in mouse annulus fibrosus puncture model. Overall, these results indicate that sensory nerve maintains IVD ECM homeostasis via CGRP/CHSY1 axis and promotes IVD repair, and this expands the understanding concerning how IVD links to sensory nerve system, thus shedding light on future development of novel therapeutical strategy to IVD degeneration.

13.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 36(9): e24663, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the levels of sex hormones in male hepatitis B patients co-infected with Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis). METHODS: A total of 136 male individuals were enrolled in this study, including 27 healthy controls, 28 patients with C. sinensis mono-infection, 19 patients with only chronic hepatitis B, 18 patients with post-hepatitis B liver cirrhosis, 26 chronic hepatitis B patients co-infected with C. sinensis, and 18 post-hepatitis B liver cirrhosis patients coinfected with C. sinensis. Serum levels of progesterone (P), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), testosterone (T), prolactin (PRL), and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in these groups were measured. RESULTS: The results showed that compared with the LC group, the LC+ C. sinensis co-infected group had an increase in E2 but decrease in T and FSH. The levels of E2 in CHB+ C. sinensis co-infected patients were significantly higher than those in CHB mono-infected patients, but the significantly lower levels of T were observed. Compared with HCs group, the LC group showed significant increase in all terms of sex hormones, except PRL. By contrast, the CHB mono-infected group presented an apparent decrease in E2, T, and PRL than the HCs group. However, there were no significant differences in sex hormone levels between the C. sinensis mono-infected patients and HCs. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that C. sinensis co-infection aggravates the sex hormone disturbance in HBV patients at both chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis stages, providing evidences for potential strategies in disease prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Clonorchis sinensis , Coinfecção , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Animais , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Masculino , Prolactina
14.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 4821-4825, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085621

RESUMO

Motor Imagery-based Brain Computer Interface (MI-BCI) is a typical active BCI with a main focus on motor intention identification. Hybrid motor imagery (MI) decoding methods that based on multi-modal fusion of Electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), especially deep learning-based methods, become popular in recent MI-BCI studies. However, the fusion strategy and network design in deep learning-based methods are complex. To solve this problem, we proposed the multi-channel fusion method (MCF) to simplify current fusion methods, and we designed a multi-channel fusion hybrid network (MCFHNet) based on MCF. MCFHNet combines depthwise convolutional layers, channel attention mechanism, and Bidirectional Long Short Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) layers, which enables strong capability of feature extraction in spatial and temporal domain. The comparison between MCFHNet and representative deep learning-based methods was performed on an open EEG-fNIRS dataset. We found the proposed method can yield superior performance (mean accuracy of 99.641 % in 5-fold cross validation of an intra-subject experiment). This work provides a new option for multi-modal MI decoding, which can be applied in the rehabilitation field based on hybrid BCI systems.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Medicina , Eletroencefalografia , Imagens, Psicoterapia , Análise Espectral
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 851(Pt 2): 158395, 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049677

RESUMO

A large number of plastic wastes generated eventually end up in landfills. The leachate from landfills has become a potential destination for microplastics (MPs). Many researchers have turned their attention to the distribution of MPs in landfill leachate. However, rare researchers mentioned that the efficient removal of MPs in landfill leachate was hard to realized. In this work, we analyzed MPs distribution and composition in leachate from a municipal landfill. Subsequently, to understand the causes of hydrophilization of MPs in leachate, we investigated the flotation percentage of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and polystyrene (PS) MPs when exposure to p-benzoquinone and Cu2+. We conducted experiments on factors including the concentration of pollutants, pH, and interaction time. Meanwhile, the adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms, and synergistic effects of p-benzoquinone and Cu2+ were further investigated. The order of the strength of the hydrophilic effect of contaminants on MPs in leachate was p-benzoquinone + Cu2+ > p-benzoquinone > Cu2+. The physisorption and chemisorption of p-benzoquinone and Cu2+ on the MPs surface, respectively, resulted in the hydrophilization of the MPs surface. The order of hydrophilization and the adsorption capacity for pollutants of the three MPs were consistent: PVC > > PET ≈ PS. We proposed a feasible scheme with the oleic acid to restore the hydrophobicity of MPs, which could increase the removal rate of MPs by 87.37 %. This work revealed the hydrophilization effects of pollutants on MPs and proposed a novel insight into the MPs removal from landfill leachate.

16.
Dent Mater J ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070928

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of four bonding agents used to bond metal brackets to zirconia under different storage conditions. Four bonding agents were used [FLC: (Fuji ORTHO LC), XT: (TransbondTM XT), RUC-SBU: (Rely XTM Ultimate Clicker Adhesive Resin Cement+Single Bond Universal), and RUC-GBU: (Rely XTM Ultimate Clicker Adhesive Resin Cement+Gluma Bond Universal)] to bond two types of metal brackets (PT/3M) to zirconia surfaces, and they were stored in water at 37ºC for 24 h or thermocycling for 3,000 cycles. The SBS data of RUC-SBU and RUC-GBU using PT brackets were significantly higher than those of 3M brackets before and after thermocycling. It could be concluded that RUC-SBU and RUC-GBU could offer sufficient bond strength between metal brackets and zirconia for the short term compared with FLC and XT. The design of brackets can significantly affect the bond strength to zirconia.

17.
Environ Pollut ; 314: 120256, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152720

RESUMO

Summertime ozone (O3) pollution has frequently occurred in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region, China, since 2013, resulting in detrimental impacts on human health and ecosystems. The contribution of weather shifts to O3 concentration variability owing to climate change remains elusive. By combining regional air chemistry model simulations with near-surface observations, we found that anthropogenic emission changes contributed to approximately 23% of the increase in maximum daily 8-h average O3 concentrations in the BTH region in June-July-August (JJA) 2017 (compared with that in 2013). With respect to the weather shift influence, the frequencies, durations, and magnitudes of O3 exceedance were consistent with those of the heat wave events in the BTH region during JJA in 2013-2017. Intensified heat waves are a significant driver for worsening O3 pollution. In particular, the prolonged duration of heat waves creates consecutive adverse weather conditions that cause O3 accumulation and severe O3 pollution. Our results suggest that the variability in extreme summer heat is closely related to the occurrence of high O3 concentrations, which is a significant driver of deteriorating O3 pollution.

18.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is the most devastating form of stroke causing high morbidity and mortality. We aimed to develop a novel clinical score incorporating multisystem markers to predict functional dependence at 90 days after ICH. METHODS: We analysed data from Chinese Cerebral Hemorrhage: Mechanism and Intervention study. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with 90-day functional dependency (the modified Rankin Scale ≥3) after ICH and develop the ADVISING scoring system. To test the scoring system, a total of 2111 patients from Hubei province were included as the training cohort, and 733 patients from other three provinces in China were included as an external validation cohort. RESULTS: We found nine variables to be significantly associated with functional dependency and included in the ADVISING score system: age, deep location of haematoma, volume of haematoma, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, aspartate transaminase, international normalised ratio, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, fasting blood glucose and glomerular filtration rate. Individuals were divided into 12 different categories by using these nine potential predictors. The proportion of patients who were functionally dependent increased with higher ADVISING scores, which showed good discrimination and calibration in both the training cohort (C-statistic, 0.866; p value of Hosmer-Lemeshow test, 0.195) and validation cohort (C-statistic, 0.884; p value of Hosmer-Lemeshow test, 0.853). The ADVISING score also showed better discriminative performance compared with the other five existing ICH scores (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ADVISING score is a reliable tool to predict functional dependency at 90 days after ICH.

19.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; : 1-11, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111831

RESUMO

In contrast to the extensive knowledge on EVI1 in myeloid malignancies, few data are available on the EVI1 transcript in pediatric ALL. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical and biological significance of EVI1 and validate its prognostic significance in pediatric patients with ALL. Here, we examined the clinical and biological significance of EVI1 expression, as measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 837 children with newly diagnosed ALL treated on the National Protocol of Childhood Leukemia in China (NPCLC)-ALL-2008 protocol, and aimed to explore their prognostic significance in pediatric ALL patients. The EVI1 expression was detected in 27 of 837 (3.2%) patients. No statistically significant differences in prednisone response, complete remission (CR) rates and relapse rates were found between EVI1 overexpression (EVI1+) group and EVI1- group. Moreover, we found no significant difference in event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) between these two groups, also multivariate analysis did not identify EVI1+ as an independent prognostic factor. In the subgroup analysis, there was no difference in clinical outcome between EVI1+ and EVI1- patients in standard­risk (SR), intermediate-risk (IR) and high-risk (HR) groups. In the minimal residual disease (MRD)<10-4 group, EVI1+ patients have significantly lower EFS and OS rates compared to EVI1- patients. Further large­scale and well­designed prospective studies are required to confirm the results in the future.

20.
Front Neurol ; 13: 923310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090859

RESUMO

Objective: Neuroimaging meta-analysis identified abnormal neural activity alterations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but there was no consistency or heterogeneity analysis between different brain imaging processing strategies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine consistent changes of regional brain functions in T2DM via the indicators obtained by using different post-processing methods. Methods: Since the indicators obtained using varied post-processing methods reflect different neurophysiological and pathological characteristics, we further conducted a coordinate-based meta-analysis (CBMA) of the two categories of neuroimaging literature, which were grouped according to similar data processing methods: one group included regional homogeneity (ReHo), independent component analysis (ICA), and degree centrality (DC) studies, while the other group summarized the literature on amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). Results: The final meta-analysis included 23 eligible trials with 27 data sets. Compared with the healthy control group, when neuroimaging studies were combined with ReHo, ICA, and DC measurements, the brain activity of the right Rolandic operculum, right supramarginal gyrus, and right superior temporal gyrus in T2DM patients decreased significantly. When neuroimaging studies were combined with ALFF and CBF measurements, there was no clear evidence of differences in the brain function between T2DM and HCs. Conclusion: T2DM patients have a series of spontaneous abnormal brain activities, mainly involving brain regions related to learning, memory, and emotion, which provide early biomarkers for clarifying the mechanism of cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric disorders in diabetes. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=247071, PROSPERO [CRD42021247071].

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