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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519537

RESUMO

In organic photovoltaics (OPVs), the mechanical contact between charge transport layers and photoactive layer can influence the electrical contact that facilitates carrier collection. Unfortunately, the mechanical contact at the interface is rarely discussed in the OPV context. Herein, we report a distinct molecular locking effect that occurs between the donor molecules in the photoactive layer and the hole transport layer (HTL). This is achieved by doping chloroplatinic acid into poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate). The "molecular lock" at the interface leads to denser distribution and more ordered assembling of PM6 donor molecules close to the HTL. Consequently, the trap-assisted recombination in the cell is greatly suppressed, and the carrier lifetime is prolonged by more than 2 times. Together with the elevated charge carrier collection probability, a high fill factor of 77% and a power conversion efficiency of 16.5% are achieved in the PM6:Y6-based OPVs. This study provides a feasible way to boost the device performance by reinforcing the interfacial interaction between the HTL and photoactive layer.

2.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511904

RESUMO

Resveratrol shows the ability to block prion replication in a scrapie-infected cell line, SMB-S15, and remove the infectivity of the treated cell lysates in an experimental bioassay. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of three stilbene compounds, resveratrol (Res), pterostilbene (Pte), and piceatannol (Pic), on inhibiting prion propagations in the levels of cell culture, PMCA, and RT-QuIC. All three chemicals showed active suppressions on PrPSc replication in SMB-S15 cells, in which Res seemed to be the most active one, followed by Pic and Pte. Mouse PrP-based PMCA tests using the lysates of SMB-S15 cells and brain homogenates of scrapie agents S15-, 139A-, or ME7-infected mice verified that Res, Pte, and Pic inhibited the amplifications of PK-resistant signals. Res was also the most effective one. Mouse PrP-based RT-QuIC using the above seeds demonstrated that three stilbenes efficiently inhibited the fibril formation. However, Pic was the most effective one, followed by Res and Pte. Furthermore, the inhibition activities of the three stilbenes on the brain-derived prion from a 263K-infected hamster were tested with hamster PrP-based PMCA and RT-QuIC. The results indicated that Pic was the most effective one apparently, followed by Res and Pte. According to the results of Biacore, Res showed binding affinities much stronger than those of Pte, whereas both revealed markedly stronger binding affinities with mouse PrP. Our data here indicate that different stilbenes have the ability to block PrPSc replication in vitro with different prion species. The suppressive effects of stilbene compounds are likely associated with their molecular binding activities with PrPs.

3.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 36(8): 909-915, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Hepatoblastoma diagnoses require liver biopsies. We aimed to investigate factors affecting the success of liver biopsy for hepatoblastoma diagnoses. METHODS: Data from patients with hepatoblastoma, including their demographic and clinical data, biopsy procedure information, pathologic diagnoses and subclassification, and surgical complications, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Of 153 patients who underwent liver biopsy, 28, 93, and 31 underwent computed tomography-guided, digital subtraction angiography-guided, and ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsies, respectively, and one underwent a laparoscopic liver biopsy. One patient developed postoperative bleeding requiring a blood transfusion. The median number of specimens collected was 3. One-hundred and forty-four (94.1%) patients' HB diagnoses were confirmed through biopsies, and 96 (62.7%) patients' HB diagnoses were subclassified. Seven surgeons and eight interventional radiologists performed the biopsies. The diagnostic success rate did not correlate with the biopsy technique or the specialist who performed the biopsy. Significantly more specimens were biopsied from the patients whose diagnoses were subclassified (3.34 ± 1.08) than from those whose diagnoses were not subclassified (2.81 ± 0.79). Surgeons tended to collect more specimens than the interventional radiologists. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous liver biopsy is safe and effective for diagnosing hepatoblastoma, and its complication rate is very low. Collecting >3 pieces of tissue is preferred. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

5.
Clin Transl Med ; 2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estrogen receptor (ER) is essential in reproductive development and is also the primary driver of breast cancers. Deregulation of ER may also be involved in tumorigenesis of other organs. To understand the role of ER in different tumor types, pan-cancer analysis of estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) and estrogen receptor beta (ESR2) in various tumors and association with patients' survival were conducted using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. RESULTS: Gene methylation level was evaluated by the mean methylation level of CpG sites in the promoter region. The significant different DNA methylation between tumor and healthy tissues was shown in 10 tumor types for ESR1 and eight tumor types for ESR2. The methylation pattern was also varied across different TCGA tumors. The pan-cancer analysis showed significantly different mRNA expression of ESR1 in nine tumor types and ESR2 in four tumor types. Survival analysis showed that the effects of ERs expression on survival are diverse in different tumors. The expression of ERs was associated with tumor molecular subtypes and various clinical characteristics. ER correlated genes were mainly enriched in cancer and immune-related pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Our pan-cancer analysis data indicated that ERs might be significantly associated with carcinogenesis and progression of some tumors, which may be potential therapeutic targets and prognosis biomarkers.

6.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(5): e17349, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of online health communities, increasing numbers of patients and families are seeking health information on the internet. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to discuss how to fully reveal the health information needs expressed by patients with hypertension in their questions in a web-based environment and how to use the internet to help patients with hypertension receive personalized health education. METHODS: This study randomly selected 1000 text records from the question data of patients with hypertension from 2008 to 2018 collected from Good Doctor Online and constructed a classification system through literature research and content analysis. This paper identified the background characteristics and questioning intention of each patient with hypertension based on the patient's question and used co-occurrence network analysis and the k-means clustering method to explore the features of the health information needs of patients with hypertension. RESULTS: The classification system for the health information needs of patients with hypertension included the following nine dimensions: drugs (355 names), symptoms and signs (395 names), tests and examinations (545 names), demographic data (526 kinds), diseases (80 names), risk factors (37 names), emotions (43 kinds), lifestyles (6 kinds), and questions (49 kinds). There were several characteristics of the explored web-based health information needs of patients with hypertension. First, more than 49% of patients described features, such as drugs, symptoms and signs, tests and examinations, demographic data, and diseases. Second, patients with hypertension were most concerned about treatment (778/1000, 77.80%), followed by diagnosis (323/1000, 32.30%). Third, 65.80% (658/1000) of patients asked physicians several questions at the same time. Moreover, 28.30% (283/1000) of patients were very concerned about how to adjust the medication, and they asked other treatment-related questions at the same time, including drug side effects, whether to take the drugs, how to treat the disease, etc. Furthermore, 17.60% (176/1000) of patients consulted physicians about the causes of clinical findings, including the relationship between the clinical findings and a disease, the treatment of a disease, and medications and examinations. Fourth, by k-means clustering, the questioning intentions of patients with hypertension were classified into the following seven categories: "how to adjust medication," "what to do," "how to treat," "phenomenon explanation," "test and examination," "disease diagnosis," and "disease prognosis." CONCLUSIONS: In a web-based environment, the health information needs expressed by Chinese patients with hypertension to physicians are common and distinct, that is, patients with different background features ask relatively common questions to physicians. The classification system constructed in this study can provide guidance to health information service providers for the construction of web-based health resources, as well as guidance for patient education, which could help solve the problem of information asymmetry in communication between physicians and patients.

7.
BMC Pediatr ; 20(1): 200, 2020 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report the outcomes of hepatoblastoma resected in our institution. METHODS: We diagnosed 135 children with hepatoblastoma at our institution between January 2010 and December 2017. Patients who underwent liver resection were included for analysis. However, patients who abandoned treatment after diagnosis were excluded from analysis, but their clinical characteristics were provided in the supplementary material. RESULTS: Forty-two patients abandoned treatment, whereas 93 patients underwent liver resection and were included for statistical analysis. Thirty-six, 23, 3, and 31 patients had PRETEXT stages II, III, IV, and unspecified tumours, respectively. Seven patients had ruptured tumour; 9 had lung metastasis (one patient had portal vein thrombosis concurrently). Sixteen patients underwent primary liver resection; 22, 25, and 30 patients received cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy and delayed surgery, preoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and delayed surgery, and a combination of cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy, TACE, and delayed surgery, respectively. Forty patients had both PRETEXT and POST-TEXT information available for analysis. Twelve patients were down-staged after preoperative treatment, including 2, 8, and 2 patients from stages IV to III, III to II, and II to I, respectively. Ten patients with unspecified PRETEXT stage were confirmed to have POST-TEXT stages II (n = 8) and I (n = 2) tumours. Seven tumours were associated with positive surgical margins, and 12 patients had microvascular involvement. During a median follow-up period of 30.5 months, 84 patients survived without relapse, 9 experienced tumour recurrence, and 4 died. The 2-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 89.4 ± 3.4%, and 95.2 ± 2.4%, respectively; they were significantly better among patients without metastasis (no metastasis vs metastasis: EFS, 93.5 ± 3.7% vs 46.7 ± 19.0%, adjusted p = 0.002. OS, 97.6 ± 2.4% vs 61.0 ± 18.1%, adjusted p = 0.005), and similar among patients treated with different preoperative strategies (chemotherapy only vs TACE only vs Both: EFS, 94.7 ± 5.1% vs 91.7 ± 5.6% vs 85.6 ± 6.7%, p = 0.542. OS, 94.1 ± 5.7% vs 95.7 ± 4.3% vs 96.7 ± 3.3%, p = 0.845). CONCLUSION: The OS for patients with hepatoblastoma who underwent liver resection was satisfactory. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy and TACE seemed to have a similar effect on OS. However, the abandonment of treatment by patients with hepatoblastoma was common, and may have biased our results.

8.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(5): 766-773, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32287140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Since the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, various digestive symptoms have been frequently reported in patients infected with the virus. In this study, we aimed to further investigate the prevalence and outcomes of COVID-19 patients with digestive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive, cross-sectional, multicenter study, we enrolled confirmed patients with COVID-19 who presented to 3 hospitals from January 18, 2020, to February 28, 2020. All patients were confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and were analyzed for clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and treatment. Data were followed up until March 18, 2020. RESULTS: In the present study, 204 patients with COVID-19 and full laboratory, imaging, and historical data were analyzed. The average age was 52.9 years (SD ± 16), including 107 men and 97 women. Although most patients presented to the hospital with fever or respiratory symptoms, we found that 103 patients (50.5%) reported a digestive symptom, including lack of appetite (81 [78.6%] cases), diarrhea (35 [34%] cases), vomiting (4 [3.9%] cases), and abdominal pain (2 [1.9%] cases). If lack of appetite is excluded from the analysis (because it is less specific for the gastrointestinal tract), there were 38 total cases (18.6%) where patients presented with a gastrointestinal-specific symptom, including diarrhea, vomiting, or abdominal pain. Patients with digestive symptoms had a significantly longer time from onset to admission than patients without digestive symptoms (9.0 days vs 7.3 days). In 6 cases, there were digestive symptoms, but no respiratory symptoms. As the severity of the disease increased, digestive symptoms became more pronounced. Patients with digestive symptoms had higher mean liver enzyme levels, lower monocyte count, longer prothrombin time, and received more antimicrobial treatment than those without digestive symptoms. DISCUSSION: We found that digestive symptoms are common in patients with COVID-19. Moreover, these patients have a longer time from onset to admission, evidence of longer coagulation, and higher liver enzyme levels. Clinicians should recognize that digestive symptoms, such as diarrhea, are commonly among the presenting features of COVID-19 and that the index of suspicion may need to be raised earlier in at-risk patients presenting with digestive symptoms. However, further large sample studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Gastroenteropatias/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prevalência , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 201(11): 1372-1379, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242738

RESUMO

Rationale: The global death toll from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) virus as of May 12, 2020, exceeds 286,000. The risk factors for death were attributed to advanced age and comorbidities but have not been accurately defined.Objectives: To report the clinical features of 85 fatal cases of COVID-19 in two hospitals in Wuhan.Methods: Medical records were collected of 85 fatal cases of COVID-19 between January 9, 2020, and February 15, 2020. Information recorded included medical history, exposure history, comorbidities, symptoms, signs, laboratory findings, computed tomographic scans, and clinical management.Measurements and Main Results: The median age of the patients was 65.8 years, and 72.9% were male. Common symptoms were fever (78 [91.8%]), shortness of breath (50 [58.8%]), fatigue (50 [58.8%]), and dyspnea (60 [70.6%]). Hypertension, diabetes, and coronary heart disease were the most common comorbidities. Notably, 81.2% of patients had very low eosinophil counts on admission. Complications included respiratory failure (80 [94.1%]), shock (69 [81.2%]), acute respiratory distress syndrome (63 [74.1%]), and arrhythmia (51 [60%]), among others. Most patients received antibiotic (77 [90.6%]), antiviral (78 [91.8%]), and glucocorticoid (65 [76.5%]) treatments. A total of 38 (44.7%) and 33 (38.8%) patients received intravenous immunoglobulin and IFN-α2b, respectively.Conclusions: In this depictive study of 85 fatal cases of COVID-19, most cases were males aged over 50 years with noncommunicable chronic diseases. The majority of the patients died of multiple organ failure. Early onset of shortness of breath may be used as an observational symptom for COVID-19 exacerbations. Eosinophilopenia may indicate a poor prognosis. A combination of antimicrobial drugs did not offer considerable benefit to the outcome of this group of patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/virologia , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
10.
Cancer Res ; 80(12): 2472-2483, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234710

RESUMO

Despite the fact that osteosarcoma is one of the most common primary bone malignancies with poor prognosis, the mechanism behind the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma is only partially known. Here we characterized differentially expressed genes by extensive analysis of several publicly available gene expression profile datasets and identified musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog B (MAFB) as a key transcriptional regulator in osteosarcoma progression. MAFB was highly expressed in tumor tissues and required for proliferation and tumorigenicity of osteosarcoma cells. MAFB expression was elevated in osteosarcoma stem cells to maintain their self-renewal potential in vitro and in vivo through upregulation of stem cell regulator Sox9 at the transcriptional level. Sox9 in turn activated MAFB expression via direct recognition of its sequence binding enrichment motif on the MAFB locus, thereby forming a positive feedback regulatory loop. Sox9-mediated feedback activation of MAFB was pivotal to tumorsphere-forming and tumor-initiating capacities of osteosarcoma stem cells. Moreover, expression of MAFB and Sox9 was highly correlated in osteosarcoma and associated with disease progression. Combined detection of both MAFB and Sox9 represented a promising prognostic biomarker that stratified a subset of patients with osteosarcoma with shortest overall survival. Taken together, these findings reveal a MAFB-Sox9 reciprocal regulatory axis driving cancer stemness and malignancy in osteosarcoma and identify novel molecular targets that might be therapeutically applicable in clinical settings. SIGNIFICANCE: Transcription factors MAFB and Sox9 form a positive feedback loop to maintain cell stemness and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo, revealing a potential target pathway for therapeutic intervention in osteosarcoma.

11.
Virol Sin ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314275

RESUMO

Activation of inflammatory cells and upregulations of a number of cytokines in the central nervous system (CNS) of patients with prion diseases are frequently observed. To evaluate the potential changes of some brain cytokines that were rarely addressed during prion infection, the levels of 17 different cytokines in the brain homogenates of mice infected with different scrapie mouse-adapted agents were firstly screened with Luminex assay. Significant upregulations of interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP10), keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) were frequently detected in the brain lysates of many strains of scrapie infected mice. The upregulations of those three cytokines in the brains of scrapie infected mice were further validated by the individual specific ELISA and immunohistochemical assay. Increased specific mRNAs of IP10, M-CSF and KC in the brains of scrapie infected mice were also detected by the individual specific qRT-PCRs and IP10-specific digital PCR. Dynamic analyses of the brain samples collected at different time points post infection revealed the time-dependent increases of those three cytokines, particularly IP10 during the incubation period of scrapie infection. In addition, we also found that the levels of IP10 in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) of 45 sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) patients were slightly but significantly higher than those of the cases who were excluded the diagnosis of prion diseases. These data give us a better understanding of inflammatory reaction during prion infection and progression of prion disease.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(21): 5825-5834, 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348133

RESUMO

Analysis of the glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene expression in an insecticide-resistant strain of Cydia pomonella using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction is a key step toward more mechanism studies that require suitable reference genes with stable expression. Here, nine commonly used reference genes were selected, and their expression stabilities were analyzed. Results showed that EF-1α was the most stable reference gene in all of the experimental sets. The combinations of EF-1α and 18S, EF-1α and RPL12, and EF-1α and GAPDH were sufficient for normalization of gene expression analysis accurately in developmental stages, tissues, and larvae exposed to sublethal dose of λ-cyhalothrin, respectively. Additionally, the suitability of particular reference genes was verified by analyzing the spatiotemporal and insecticide-induced expression profiles of CpGSTe3, CpGSTd3, and CpGSTd4, which were overexpressed in a λ-cyhalothrin-resistant population from northeast China. These genes were used to confer the practicability of reference genes chosen in this study.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 263(Pt A): 114376, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203849

RESUMO

With increasing release of nanoparticles (NPs) into the environment, soil organisms likely suffer from high dose and long duration of NPs contamination, while the effect of NPs across multiple generations in soil is rarely studied. Herein, we investigated how multigenerational exposure to different crystal forms (anatase, rutile, and their mixture) of TiO2 NPs (nTiO2) affected the survival, behavior, physiological and biochemical traits, and lifespan of nematodes (C. elegans) in a paddy soil. The soil property changed very slightly after being spiked with nTiO2, and the toxicities of three nTiO2 forms were largely comparable. The nTiO2 exposure adversely influenced the survival and locomotion of nematodes, and increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Interestingly, the toxic effect gradually attenuated and the lifespan of survived nematodes increased from the P0 to F3 generation, which was ascribed to the survivor selection and stimulatory effect. The lethal effect and the increased oxidative stress may continuously screen out offspring possessing stronger anti-stress capabilities. Moreover, key genes (daf-2, age-1, and skn-1) in the insulin/IGF-like signaling (IIS) pathway actively responded to the nTiO2 exposure, which further optimized the selective expression of downstream genes, increased the antioxidant enzyme activities and antioxidant contents, and thereby increased the stress resistance and longevity of survived nematodes across successive generations. Our findings highlight the crucial role of bio-responses in the progressively decreased toxicity of nTiO2, and add new knowledge on the long-term impact of soil nTiO2 contamination.

14.
Phytomedicine ; 69: 153197, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146298

RESUMO

BACKGOUND: Ginsenoside Rb1, the main active constituent of Panax ginseng, displays significant anti-inflammatory activity, although the mechanism has not been clearly unraveled. In this study, Rb1's mechanism of anti-inflammatory effects were investigated. METHODS: The flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were empolyed to detect pro-inflammatory cytokines release. The related protein and gene expression was investigated by western blotting and qRT-PCR. The dimerization of TLR4 was measured by co-immunoprecipitation and molecular docking assays. Cellular thermal shift assay was used for the determination of the binding of Rb1 and TLR4. For animal moldels, LPS- or cantharidin-induced acute kidney injury, LPS-induced septic death, and dimethyl benzene-induced ear edema were employed to investigate Rb1's anti-inflammatory activity in vivo. RESULTS: Rb1 significantly decreased inflammatory cytokines release in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and BMDMs, as well as COX-2 and iNOS amounts. Rb1 reduced LPS-associated calcium influx, ROS production, and NO generation. The NF-κB and MAPK axes participated in Rb1's anti-inflammatory effects. Molecular docking simulation indicated Rb1 bound to TLR4 to prevent TLR4 dimerization, as confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation and cellular thermal shift assay. Furthermore, MyD88 recruitment and TAK1 expression were altered by reduced TLR4 dimerization, indicating the TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB/MAPK pathways contributed to Rb1's anti-inflammatory process. In animal models, Rb1 markedly alleviated LPS- or cantharidin-induced acute kidney injury, rescued LPS-induced septic mice from death, and inhibited dimethyl benzene-induced mouse ear edema. CONCLUSION: Overall, these findings demonstrate Rb1 exhibits marked anti-inflammatory effects, suggesting Rb1 represents an optimal molecule for treating inflammatory diseases.

15.
Eur Spine J ; 29(5): 1147-1158, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200495

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a system aiming to correct scoliosis called "electromagnetically controlled shape-memory alloy rods" (EC-SMAR) used in a rabbit model. METHODS: We heat-treated shape-memory alloy (SMA) rods to achieve a transition temperature between 34 and 47 °C and a C-shape austenite phase. We then developed a water-cooled generator capable of generating an alternating magnetic field (100 kHz) for induction heating. We next studied the efficacy of this system in vitro and determined some parameters prior to proceeding with animal experiments. We then employed a rabbit model, in which we fixed a straight rod along the spinous processes intraoperatively, and conducted induction heating postoperatively every 4 days for 1 month, while performing periodic X-ray assessments. RESULTS: Significant kyphotic deformations with Cobb angles of about 45° (p < 0.01) were created in five rabbits, and no complications occurred throughout the experiment. The rabbits are still very much alive and do not show any signs of discomfort. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first system that can modulate spinal deformation in a gradual, contactless, noninvasive manner through electromagnetic induction heating applied to SMA alloy rods. Although this study dealt with healthy spines, it provides promising evidence that this device also has the capacity to correct human kyphosis and even scoliosis in the future. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

16.
J Gene Med ; : e3190, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in childhood. Polymorphisms in proto-oncogene MYC are implicated in many cancers, although their role in neuroblastoma remains unclear. In the present study, we attempted to investigate the association between MYC gene polymorphisms and neuroblastoma susceptibility in Chinese children. METHODS: We included two MYC polymorphisms (rs4645943 and rs2070583) and assessed their effects on neuroblastoma risk in 505 cases and 1070 controls via the Taqman method. RESULTS: In single and combined locus analysis, no significant association was found between the two selected polymorphisms and neuroblastoma susceptibility. In stratification analysis, the rs4645943 CT/TT genotypes were significantly associated with a decreased neuroblastoma risk in subjects with tumors originating from other sites [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.21-0.84, p = 0.013]. Meanwhile, the presence of one or two protective genotypes was significantly associated with a decreased neuroblastoma risk in subjects with tumors arising from other sites (adjusted OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.26-0.96, p = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that MYC gene polymorphisms may have a weak effect on the neuroblastoma risk, which neeeds to be verified further.

17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 928, 2020 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066721

RESUMO

FOXM1, a known transcription factor, promotes cell proliferation in a variety of cancer cells. Here we show that Foxm1 is required for survival, quiescence and self-renewal of MLL-AF9 (MA9)-transformed leukemia stem cells (LSCs) in vivo. Mechanistically, Foxm1 upregulation activates the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways by directly binding to ß-catenin and stabilizing ß-catenin protein through inhibiting its degradation, thereby preserving LSC quiescence, and promoting LSC self-renewal in MLL-rearranged AML. More importantly, inhibition of FOXM1 markedly suppresses leukemogenic potential and induces apoptosis of primary LSCs from MLL-rearranged AML patients in vitro and in vivo in xenograft mice. Thus, our study shows a critical role and mechanisms of Foxm1 in MA9-LSCs, and indicates that FOXM1 is a potential therapeutic target for selectively eliminating LSCs in MLL-rearranged AML.


Assuntos
Proteína Forkhead Box M1/metabolismo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box M1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Forkhead Box M1/genética , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , RNA-Seq , Regulação para Cima , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 713: 136620, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019017

RESUMO

Human activities have distinctly enhanced the deposition levels of atmospheric nitrogen (N) pollutants into terrestrial ecosystems, but whether and to what extents soil carbon (C) and N status have been influenced by elevated N inputs remain poorly understood in the 'real' world given related knowledge has largely based on N-addition experiments. Here we reported soil organic C (OC) and total N (TN) for twenty-seven forests along a gradient of N deposition (22.4-112.9 kg N/ha/yr) in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region of northern China, a global hotspot of high N pollution. Levels of soil TN in forests of the BTH region have been elevated compared with investigations in past decades, suggesting that long-term N deposition might cause soil TN increases. Combining with major geographical and environmental factors among the study forests, we found unexpectedly that soil moisture and pH values rather than N deposition levels were major regulators of the observed spatial variations of soil OC and TN contents. As soil moisture and pH values increased with mean annual precipitation and temperature, respectively, soil C and N status in forests of the BTH region might be more responsive to climate change than to N pollution. These evidence suggests that both N deposition and climate differences should be considered into managing ecosystem functions of forest resources in regions with high N pollution.

19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(8): 8028-8033, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897985

RESUMO

Agricultural wastes have promising potential for the production of low-cost and sustainable adsorbents for heavy metals, while the characteristics of those biosorbents and the stability of the passivated heavy metals under natural conditions need to be studied further. In this paper, the oilseed rape plant after seed harvesting was divided into three parts: root (RT), stem (ST), and pod (PD). The isotherm adsorption of cadmium (Cd(II)) on the biomass was conducted. In practice, the biomass was aged in the Cd(II)-contaminated soil, and the concentration of Cd(II) in the leachate was measured after the continuous eluent of typical acid rain. The components and elements of the biomass were determined for the analysis of the differences between the immobilization abilities of the biomass. Results showed the CC (corn cob, as a comparison), ST, RT, and PD had the adsorption capacities of 6.34, 7.58, 9.22, and 9.87 mg/g for Cd(II) through the Langmuir fitting of the isothermal adsorption experiments, respectively. The leached Cd(II) were reduced 1063, 2073, 2824, and 3621 µg by CC, ST, RT, and PD biomass aging, respectively. Compared that by CC, the immobilization differences between the biomass in soil were much greater than that in isotherm adsorption, indicating the biosorption ability of rape biomass was enlarged during the 30 days of aging. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur contents showed sequences as pod>root>stem and had high correlations with the reduced amount of leached Cd(II), which indicated protein might be beneficial for the enhancement of adsorption/immobilization in the soil.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Metais Pesados , Adsorção , Biomassa , Cádmio/química , Cádmio/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Metais Pesados/química
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972059

RESUMO

A novel gold-catalyzed cycloisomerization of 1,6-diynes was achieved, providing an atom-economic approach to a diverse set of bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-en-2-ones in moderate to good yields. With unsymmetrical starting materials with two different internal alkynyl substituents, to some extent, the regioselectivity could be controlled by both electronic and steric factors. This unprecedented reactivity pattern may inspire new and unconventional strategies for the preparation of bridged ring systems.

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