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1.
Biol Res ; 54(1): 27, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Demethylzeylasteral (T-96) is a pharmacologically active triterpenoid monomer extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) that has been reported to exhibit anti-neoplastic effects against several types of cancer cells. However, the potential anti-tumour effects of T-96 against human Prostate cancer (CaP) cells and the possible underlying mechanisms have not been well studied. RESULTS: In the current study, T-96 exerted significant cytotoxicity to CaP cells in vitro and induced cell cycle arrest at S-phase in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, T-96 promoted the initiation of autophagy but inhibited autophagic flux by inducing ROS-mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which subsequently activated the extrinsic apoptosis pathway in CaP cells. These findings implied that T-96-induced ER stress activated the caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway to inhibit proliferation of CaP cells. Moreover, we observed that T-96 enhances the sensitivity of CaP cells to the chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data demonstrated that T-96 is a novel modulator of ER stress and autophagy, and has potential therapeutic applications against CaP in the clinic.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Triterpenos
2.
Oncol Lett ; 21(6): 433, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33868471

RESUMO

Contactin-1 (CNTN1), a neuronal cell adhesion molecular, functions in nervous system development and has been associated with carcinogenesis and tumor progression. To investigate the role of CNTN1 in gefitinib resistance in lung adenocarcinoma, lentivirus-mediated short hairpin (sh)RNA was used to silence CNTN1 and its physiological function was analyzed in the A549 cell line. A cell cytotoxicity assay revealed that CNTN1 knockdown enhanced gefitinib sensitivity in the A549 cells. In addition, CNTN1 knockdown, together with gefitinib treatment, resulted in a significant inhibition of colony formation and migration, and promotion of apoptosis. Furthermore, CNTN1 knockdown also reversed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype by increasing E-cadherin protein expression level, and decreasing N-cadherin and vimentin protein expression levels. The PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was also association with the effects of CNTN1 on EMT progression and gefitinib resistance in the A549 cells. Collectively, knockdown of CNTN1 reversed the EMT phenotype and enhanced gefitinib sensitivity in the A549 cells by inhibiting the activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. These results suggested that CNTN1 may represent a potential therapeutic target for reserving EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance in non-small cell lung cancer.

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