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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 898-911, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481249

RESUMO

Developing photocatalysts that are inexpensive and efficient in degrading pollutants are essential for environmental remediation. Herein, a novel system of perylene diimide (PDI)/CuS p-n heterojunction was synthesized by a two-step self-assembly strategy for removal of tetracycline in waste water. Results showed that PDI/CuS-10% exhibited highest photocatalytic behavior. The apparent rate constants for tetracycline (TC) degradation for the blend were 5.27 and 2.68 times higher than that of CuS or PDI, respectively. The enhancement of photocatalytic activity was mainly attributed to the π-π stacking and p-n junction, which can accelerate the separation of the photo-generated h+-e- pairs. Besides, the light absorption of PDI/CuS from 800 to 200 nm was significantly enhanced and the absorption edge even reached the near-infrared region, which also played an important role in providing desired photocatalytic properties. Surprisingly, PDI/CuS could maintain high catalytic activity even after 5 cycles under simulated conditions, indicating that the composite had high potential for practical applications. Owing to high efficiency, low cost and wide application range, the PDI/CuS nanocomposites are promising candidates for environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental , Perileno , Cobre , Luz
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 595-606, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509734

RESUMO

In this work, a Z-scheme heterojunction of BiOIO3/MIL-88B was constructed via two steps solvothermal method. Various characterization techniques showed that this Z-scheme heterojunction is an effective strategy to promote spatial charge separation, and the catalytic performance was evaluated by degrading simulated organic pollutants. Herein, the BiOIO3/MIL-88B composites exhibited an exceptional removal rate for Reactive Blue 19 and tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) under visible light irradiation, which was approximately 3.28 and 4.22 times higher than the pristine BiOIO3, respectively. Additionally, the analysis of photocatalysis mechanism showed that the active species O2- and OH could strongly affect the degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) in the studied system. Furthermore, the degradation process of TC was tracked and detected by identifying intermediates produced in the reaction system. It is anticipated that this research can deepen the understanding of BiOIO3/MIL-88B heterojunction structure to remove organic contaminants and provide a strategy for applying photocatalytic technology in the practical industry.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Catálise , Luz , Dietilamida do Ácido Lisérgico/análogos & derivados , Tetraciclina
3.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 154, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are increasingly recognized as important regulators in cancer including ovarian cancer (OC). This work focuses on the effects of circ_0000745 on the OC development of and molecules involved. METHODS: Expression of circ_0000745 in collected OC tissues and the acquired OC cell lines was examined by RT-qPCR. The stability of circ_0000745 in cells was examined by RNase R treatment. The target transcripts interacted with circ_0000745 were predicted using bioinformatic systems. Gain- and loss-of-function studies of circ_0000745, microRNA (miR)-3187-3p and erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 4 (ERBB4) were conducted to determine their functions on proliferation, migration, invasion and stem cell property of OC cells. RESULTS: Circ_0000745 and ERBB4 were abundantly expressed while miR-3187-3p was poorly expressed in OC tissues and cells. Circ_0000745 sequestered miR-3187-3p and blocked its repressive effect on ERBB4. Downregulation of circ_0000745 reduced proliferation, aggressiveness, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and stemness of SK-OV-3 cells, but this reduction was blocked upon miR-3187-3p inhibition or ERBB4 upregulation. By contrast, artificial induction of circ_0000745 upregulation, miR-3187-3p upregulation and ERBB4 downregulation led to inverse trends in ES-2 cells. ERBB4 promoted the phosphorylation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. An RNA binding protein IGF2BP2 was found to circ_0000745 bind to and promote its expression and stability. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that circ_0000745 upregulated by IGF2BP2 promotes aggressiveness and stemness of OC cells through a miR-3187-3p/ERBB4/PI3K/AKT axis. Circ_0000745 may serve as a promising target for OC treatment.

4.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24108, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrant expression of exosomal miRNAs has emerged as a research hotspot. However, no studies have been conducted on the dysregulation of exosomal miRNAs derived from cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in supraglottic laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SLSCC). METHODS: Cancer-associated fibroblasts and paired normal fibroblasts (NFs) from SLSCC patients were cultured, and exosomes in the culture supernatants were collected and identified. Exosomal miRNA expression was compared in each pair of CAFs and NFs by next-generation sequencing, and expression of selected exosomal miRNAs was validated by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Four online bioinformatic algorithms predicted the potential target genes of aberrantly expressed miRNAs, while gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment and network analysis identified downstream target genes and their interactions. RESULTS: Three pairs of CAFs and NFs were successfully cultured and purified. CAF-derived exosomal miRNAs were mostly downregulated and included miR-656-3p, miR-337-5p, miR-29a-3p and miR-655-3p; however, some, including miR-184-3p, miR-92a-1-5p, miR-212-3p and miR-3135b, were upregulated. Bioinformatics analysis revealed involvement of these miRNAs in biological processes, cellular components and molecular functions. KEGG analysis revealed the top 30 pathways involvement in cancer initiation and progression and in cell cycle regulation. An interaction network showed miR-16-5p, miR-29a-3p, miR-34c-5p, miR-32-5p and miR-490-5p as the top five miRNAs and CCND1, CDKN1B, CDK6, PTEN and FOS as the top five target genes. CONCLUSIONS: SLSCC patients showed aberrant expression of CAF-derived exosomal miRNAs. The top five miRNAs and their target genes may jointly constitute a carcinogenic tumour microenvironment and act as biomarkers for SLSCC intervention.

5.
Eng Life Sci ; 21(10): 643-652, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690635

RESUMO

Clavulanic acid (CA) is usually used together with other ß-lactam antibiotics as combination drugs to inhibit bacterial ß-lactamases, which is mainly produced from the fermentation of microorganism such as Streptomyces clavuligerus. Recently, it is still a challenge for downstream processing of low concentration and unstable CA from fermentation broth with high solid content, high viscosity, and small cell size. In this study, an integrated process was developed for simultaneous solid-liquid separation and primary purification of CA from real fermentation broth of S. clavuligerus using salting-out extraction system (SOES). First, different SOESs were investigated, and a suitable SOES composed of ethanol/phosphate was chosen and further optimized using the pretreated fermentation broth. Then, the optimal system composed of 20% ethanol/15% K2HPO4 and 10% KH2PO4 w/w was used to direct separation of CA from untreated fermentation broth. The result showed that the partition coefficient (K) and recovery yield (Y) of CA from untreated fermentation broth were 29.13 and 96.8%, respectively. Simultaneously, the removal rates of the cells and proteins were 99.8% and 63.3%, respectively. Compared with the traditional method of membrane filtration or liquid-liquid extraction system, this developed SOES showed the advantages of simple operation, shorter operation time, lower process cost and higher recovery yield of CA. These results demonstrated that the developed SOES could be used as an attractive alternative for the downstream processing of CA from real fermentation broth.

6.
J Food Biochem ; : e13963, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an immune inflammatory-related disorder that affects the nasal mucosa. Free radicals play a crucial role in the expansion of allergic reaction and the researcher used the antioxidant therapy to treat the disease. Trachyspermum ammi L. (Ajwain oil) is popular traditional medicine. It has been proved their potential effect on various diseases. Ajwain oil showed anti-tumor, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial properties. Yet, the anti-allergic effect of Ajwain oil is still not explored. In this experimental study, an ovalbumin (OVX)-induced AR model was used to scrutinize the anti-allergic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Ajwain oil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OVX was used to establish the AR model (sensitization days 1, 8, and 15) and given the oral treatment of Ajwain oil and Montelukast for 13 days. The spleen, lungs, and body weight were estimated. Sneezing, nasal discharge and rubbing are also estimated. Immunoglobin-E (IgE), histamine, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and inflammatory cytokines were scrutinized. RESULTS: Ajwain oil significantly (p < .001) suppressed sneezing, nasal discharge and nasal rubbing along with increasing the spleen, lung and body weight. Ajwain oil significantly (p < .001) decreased the level of IgE, histamine, MDA, Nrf2, HO-1, and increased the level of SOD. Ajwain oil significantly (p < .001) suppressed the number of eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and epithelial cells. Ajwain oil significantly prevented the activation of the NF-κBp65 and STAT3 signaling pathways that led to enhancing the synthesis of anti-inflammatory cytokines and reducing the inflammatory, allergen-specific type 2T helper cells (Th2), Th17 cytokines. CONCLUSION: The obtained data suggests that Ajwain oil has a promising anti-allergic against allergic rhinitis in mice via anti-allergic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Allergic rhinitis is a serious life-threatening disease. Inflammatory reaction plays an important role in the expansion of AR diseases. Ajwain oil considerably increased the spleen weight and reduced lung weight. Ajwain oil suppressed the nasal rubbing, sneezing, and nasal discharge. Ajwain oil considerably suppressed the immunoglobin and inflammatory cytokines. The result suggests that Ajwain oil having the potential effect against the allergic rhinitis.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 717069, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671316

RESUMO

Objectives: Nationwide studies focusing on the impact of early-onset type 2 diabetes and obesity on the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are limited in China. We aimed to investigate the association between age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and the risk of CVD, and to further examine the modifying effect of obesity on this association among Chinese adults. Methods: This study included 23,961 participants with previously diagnosed diabetes from a large nationwide population-based cohort study across mainland China. With an interviewer-assisted questionnaire, we collected detailed information on CVDs. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk of CVDs associated with age at diagnosis of diabetes. Results: Compared with patients with late-onset diabetes (≥60 years), those with earlier-onset diabetes had increased risks for CVD, with adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of 1.72 (1.36-2.17), 1.52 (1.31-1.75) and 1.33 (1.19-1.48) for patients diagnosed aged <40, 40-49 and 50-59 years, respectively. Each 5-year earlier age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes was significantly associated with 14% increased risk of CVD (OR, 1.14; 95%CI, 1.11-1.18). This association was more prominent for patients with obesity than those with normal body mass index (BMI). Significant interaction was detected between age at diagnosis and BMI categories on CVD risk (P for interaction=0.0457). Conclusion: Early-onset type 2 diabetes was significantly associated with higher risk of CVD, and this association was more prominent among patients with obesity.

8.
ACS Omega ; 6(40): 25996-26003, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660961

RESUMO

Graphene oxide (GO), a widespread load platform in many research studies based on its microstructures, is largely made from flake graphite by a strong oxidation method. However, the differences of GO products made from different flake graphites have received little attention. Here, five GO products made from five different flake graphites by the Hummers method are investigated. The results reveal the differences in microstructures of the five GOs concerned with the ratio of C-C sp2 structures to defects and the amount of oxygen-containing functional groups, which are further evidenced by their performances of quenching efficiencies by five DNA fluorescent probes. We demonstrated that the microstructural differences of GO products are transmitted from their parent flake graphites. Meanwhile, three kinds of parent flake graphites are proposed: (1) with large flakes and complete C-C sp2 structures, (2) with large flakes but defective C-C sp2 structures, and (3) with fine flakes but moderate C-C sp2 structures, in which the performance of GO made from (1) is the best while the GO made from (3) shows comparable to or even better performance than that made from (2). Our work gives a reminder for precisely choosing graphite in the preparation of GOs and the potential value of tremendous natural fine-flake graphites.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3943-3948, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472271

RESUMO

The study aims to investigate the effect of the compatibility of paeonol and paeoniflorin(hereinafter referred to as the compatibility) on the expression of myocardial proteins in rats with myocardial ischemia injury and explore the underlying mechanism of the compatibility against myocardial ischemia injury. First, the acute myocardial infarction rat model was established by ligation of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. The model rats were given(ig) paeonol and paeoniflorin. Then protein samples were collected from rat cardiac tissue and quantified by tandem mass tags(TMT) to explore the differential proteins after drug intervention. The experimental results showed that differential proteins mainly involved phagocytosis engulfment, extracellular space, and antigen binding, as well as Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathways of complement and coagulation cascades, syste-mic lupus erythematosus, and ribosome. In this study, the target proteins and related signaling pathways identified by differential proteomics may be the biological basis of the compatibility against myocardial ischemia injury in rats.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Acetofenonas , Animais , Glucosídeos , Monoterpenos , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Miocárdica/genética , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 188: 323-332, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375661

RESUMO

The demand for biodegradable and renewable UV-shielding materials is ever increasing due to the rising concern for the environment. In this paper, biobased lignin was functionalized by polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) with an epoxy substituent. Then the POSS decorated lignin (lignin-POSS) was mixed with polylactide (PLA) to act as UV-shielding filler by melt compounding. The SEM observation revealed that the presence of POSS contributed to improving the homogeneous dispersion of lignin-POSS in the PLA matrix with good compatibility when the content of lignin-POSS was lower than 5 wt%. The synergistic effects of lignin and POSS endowed PLA composite films with a good balance of UV-shielding ability and transparency in the visible light region. With the addition of 5 wt% lignin-POSS, the PLA composite film absorbed almost all UV irradiation across the entire UV spectrum. In addition, the presence of lignin-POSS could serve as a nucleating agent to increase the degree of crystallinity of PLA. The dynamical rheological tests revealed that the lignin-POSSS reduced the complex viscosity and storage modulus of PLA composites, improving the flowability of PLA composites. This work presents a viable pathway to prepare biodegradable and renewable UV-shielding materials for potential packaging applications.

11.
J Diabetes ; 13(12): 949-959, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of diabetes in later life. However, the risk of future cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related to gestational hyperglycemia remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gestational hyperglycemia on the subsequent risk of CVD and its modifying factors among elderly Chinese women. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of elderly women from the baseline survey of Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study. Women with gestational hyperglycemia (n = 82), and controls matched by age and study site (n = 410) were included. Information on CVD, including reported coronary heart disease, stroke, or myocardial infarction, was collected through an interviewer-assisted questionnaire. RESULTS: Women with gestational hyperglycemia were more likely to develop diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-4.18) and CVD (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.05-3.74). Even without progressing to type 2 diabetes, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.18-7.00). However, subgroup analysis indicated that compared with those without gestational hyperglycemia or hypertension, women with both gestational hyperglycemia and hypertension had higher risk of CVD (OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 1.65-9.58), whereas the risk estimate did not significantly change in women with gestational hyperglycemia alone (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 0.71-6.57). Stratified analysis indicated that among those with overweight/obesity, inactive physical activity, or unhealthy dietary habits, gestational hyperglycemia increased the risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly Chinese women, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD in later life. This association was independent of the progression to diabetes and might be modified by lifestyle factors and hypertension.

12.
Cell Cycle ; 20(14): 1441-1454, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233586

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) differentiation antagonizing non-protein coding RNA (DANCR) participates in the development of diverse cancers. Nevertheless, the impact of DANCR on cervical cancer (CC) remains largely unknown. This study aims to explore the effects of DANCR sponging microRNA-145-3p (miR-145-3p) on CC. Expression of KLF5, DANCR, miR-145-3p, and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) in CC and adjacent normal tissues was determined. Human CC cell lines were, respectively, treated with silenced DANCR or miR145-3p mimic/inhibitor. Then, the viability, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of CC cells were measured. The cell growth in vivo was observed as well. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was performed to analyze the binding of KLF5 and DANCR promoter. Interaction among DANCR, miR-145-3p, and ZEB1 was assessed. KLF5, DANCR, and ZEB1 were upregulated but miR-145-3p was downregulated in CC tissues. KLF5 activated DANCR expression and the high DANCR expression was related to tumor staging, infiltrating muscle depth and lymphatic metastasis of CC patients. Reduced DANCR or elevated miR-145-3p repressed malignant behaviors of CC cells. The tumor diameter and weight were also repressed by DANCR silencing or miR-145-3p elevation. The effect of DANCR knockdown on CC cells could be reversed by miR-145-3p inhibitor. MiR-145-3p was targeted by DANCR and ZEB1 was targeted by miR-145-3p. KLF5-induced overexpression of DANCR promotes CC progression via suppressing miR-145-3p to target ZEB1. This study may provide potential targets for CC treatment.

13.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6673343, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239694

RESUMO

The oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC) is the first identified endogenous selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), which like endogenous estrogen 17ß-estradiol (E2) induces the proliferation of estrogen receptor- (ER-) positive breast cancer cells in vitro. However, 27HC differs from E2 in that it shows adverse effects in the nervous system. Our previous study confirmed that 27HC could induce neural senescence by activating phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription, which E2 could not. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether STAT3 acetylation was involved in 27HC-induced neural senescence. Microglia (BV2 cells) and rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells) were used in vitro to explore the effect of resveratrol (REV) on 27HC-induced neural senescence. Senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-Gal) staining was performed using an SA-ß-Gal Staining Kit in cells and zebrafish larvae. Zebrafish were used in vivo to assess the effect of 27HC on locomotor behavior and aging. We found that 27HC could induce senescence in neural cells, and REV, which has been employed as a Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) agonist, could attenuate 27HC-induced senescence by inhibiting STAT3 signaling via SIRT1. Moreover, in the zebrafish model, REV attenuated 27HC-induced locomotor behavior disorder and aging in the spinal cord of zebrafish larvae, which was also associated with the activation of SIRT1-mediated STAT3 signaling. Our findings unveiled a novel mechanism by which REV alleviates 27HC-induced senescence in neural cells and affects zebrafish locomotor behavior by activating SIRT1-mediated STAT3 signaling.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(9)2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946745

RESUMO

Recently, with the popularization of camera tools such as mobile phones and the rise of various short video platforms, a lot of videos are being uploaded to the Internet at all times, for which a video retrieval system with fast retrieval speed and high precision is very necessary. Therefore, content-based video retrieval (CBVR) has aroused the interest of many researchers. A typical CBVR system mainly contains the following two essential parts: video feature extraction and similarity comparison. Feature extraction of video is very challenging, previous video retrieval methods are mostly based on extracting features from single video frames, while resulting the loss of temporal information in the videos. Hashing methods are extensively used in multimedia information retrieval due to its retrieval efficiency, but most of them are currently only applied to image retrieval. In order to solve these problems in video retrieval, we build an end-to-end framework called deep supervised video hashing (DSVH), which employs a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) to obtain spatial-temporal features of videos, then train a set of hash functions by supervised hashing to transfer the video features into binary space and get the compact binary codes of videos. Finally, we use triplet loss for network training. We conduct a lot of experiments on three public video datasets UCF-101, JHMDB and HMDB-51, and the results show that the proposed method has advantages over many state-of-the-art video retrieval methods. Compared with the DVH method, the mAP value of UCF-101 dataset is improved by 9.3%, and the minimum improvement on JHMDB dataset is also increased by 0.3%. At the same time, we also demonstrate the stability of the algorithm in the HMDB-51 dataset.

15.
R Soc Open Sci ; 8(2): 201744, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972863

RESUMO

With the promising potential application of Ag/graphene-based nanomaterials in medicine and engineering materials, the large-scale production has attracted great interest of researchers on the basis of green synthesis. In this study, water-soluble silver/graphene oxide (Ag/GO) nanomaterials were synthesized under ultrasound-assisted conditions. The structural characteristics of Ag/GO were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy, respectively. The results showed the silver particles (AgNPs) obtained by reduction were attached to the surface of GO, and there was a strong interaction between AgNPs and GO. The antibacterial activity was primarily evaluated by the plate method and hole punching method. Antibacterial tests indicated that Ag/GO could inhibit the growth of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, special for the Staphylococcus aureus.

16.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 32(9): 2210-2222, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary cilia regulation of renal function and BP in health and disease is incompletely understood. This study investigated the effect of nephron ciliary loss on renal physiology, BP, and ensuing cystogenesis. METHODS: Mice underwent doxycycline (DOX)-inducible nephron-specific knockout (KO) of the Ift88 gene at 2 months of age using a Cre-LoxP strategy. BP, kidney function, and renal pathology were studied 2 and 9 months after DOX (Ift88 KO) or vehicle (control). RESULTS: At 2 months post-DOX, male, but not female, Ift88 KO, compared with sex-matched control, mice had reduced BP, enhanced salt-induced natriuresis, increased urinary nitrite and nitrate (NOx) excretion, and increased kidney NOS3 levels, which localized to the outer medulla; the reductions in BP in male mice were prevented by L-NAME. At 9 months post-DOX, male, but not female, Ift88 KO mice had polycystic kidneys, elevated BP, and reduced urinary NOx excretion. No differences were observed in plasma renin concentration, plasma aldosterone, urine vasopressin, or urine PGE2 between Ift88 KO and control mice at 2 or 9 months post-DOX. CONCLUSIONS: Nephron cilia disruption in male, but not female, mice (1) reduces BP prior to cyst formation, (2) increases NOx production that may account for the lower BP prior to cyst formation, and (3) induces polycystic kidneys that are associated with hypertension and reduced renal NO production.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Néfrons/fisiopatologia , Doenças Renais Policísticas/etiologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Natriurese , Nitratos/urina , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Nitritos/urina , Doenças Renais Policísticas/metabolismo , Doenças Renais Policísticas/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 332: 209-215, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive adiposity in adulthood is positively associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is less studied how the risk is separately explained by early adulthood weight and later weight change, especially in Asian ancestries. METHODS: This study included 121160 participants in a large population-based cohort in China. Body weight at 20 and 40 years of age wase self-reported. Information on CVD history was obtained through standard questionnaires. RESULTS: The odds ratios (ORs) were 1.20 (95% CI, 1.10-1.31) for coronary heart disease (CHD), 1.74 (95% CI, 1.36-2.22) for myocardial infarction (MI), 1.14 (95% CI, 0.99-1.32) for stroke and 1.21 (95% CI, 1.12-1.31) for total CVD among individuals with early overweight, and became more prominent for early obesity. Meanwhile, A moderate weight gain of 2.5 kg between early adulthood and midlife significantly increased the risk of CHD (OR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.05-1.32), stroke (OR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.03-1.38) and total CVD (OR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.04-1.27), and the risk escalated with higher amounts of weight gain. Conversely, a weight loss of 2.5 kg conferred lower risk of CVD compared with a stable weight. In further cross-analysis, participants with early adulthood overweight or obesity and significant weight gain afterwards exhibited the greatest risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: High early adulthood BMI and subsequent weight gain had both independent and combined effect on the risk of CVD after midlife. Therefore, weight management should start before early adulthood, and emphasized throughout adulthood for CVD prevention.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Theranostics ; 11(10): 4699-4709, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754022

RESUMO

Rationale: The onset of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and in vivo persistence of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells after infusion correlate with clinical responsiveness. However, there are no known baseline biomarkers that can predict the prognosis of patients with B-lineage non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). The aim of this study was to identify blood cell populations associated with beneficial outcomes in B-NHL patients administered CAR-T cell immunotherapies. Methods: We enumerated peripheral blood and CAR-T cells by retrospectively analyzing three CAR-T cell trials involving 65 B-NHL patients. We used a preclinical model to elucidate the eosinophil mechanism in CAR-T cell therapy. Results: During an observation period up to 30 mo, B-NHL patients with higher baseline eosinophil counts had higher objective response rates than those with low eosinophil counts. Higher baseline eosinophil counts were also significantly associated with durable progression-free survival (PFS). The predictive significance of baseline eosinophil counts was validated in two independent cohorts. A preclinical model showed that eosinophil depletion impairs the intratumoral infiltration of transferred CAR-T cells and reduces CAR-T cell antitumor efficacy. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that peripheral eosinophils could serve as stratification biomarkers and a recruitment machinery to facilitate anti-CD19 CAR-T cell therapy in B-NHL patients.


Assuntos
Eosinófilos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Linfoma de Células B/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antígenos CD19 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Linfoma de Células B/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Adulto Jovem
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