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1.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449165

RESUMO

Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) belongs to the sirtuins family. It exists in many tissues and organs of the human body and regulates a wide range of biological functions. Studies have found that the abnormal expression of SIRT2 was associated with a variety of malignant tumors. SIRT2 possesses an important role in tumorigenesis, with both tumor-promoting and tumor-suppressing function. However, the mechanisms in which SIRT2 plays the roles in cancer are still controversial. This article reviews the role and molecular mechanism of SIRT2 in tumor evolution, and provides ideas for future research in this field, in order to guiding the targeted therapy and drug development of related malignancies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(5): 328, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382008

RESUMO

Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 10 (USP10) stabilizes both tumor suppressors and oncogenes in a context-dependent manner. However, the nature of USP10's role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. By analyzing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we have shown that high levels of USP10 are associated with poor overall survival in NSCLC with mutant p53, but not with wild-type p53. Consistently, genetic depletion or pharmacological inhibition of USP10 dramatically reduces the growth of lung cancer xenografts lacking wild-type p53 and sensitizes them to cisplatin. Mechanistically, USP10 interacts with, deubiquitinates, and stabilizes oncogenic protein histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6). Furthermore, reintroducing either USP10 or HDAC6 into a USP10-knockdown NSCLC H1299 cell line with null-p53 renders cisplatin resistance. This result suggests the existence of a "USP10-HDAC6-cisplatin resistance" axis. Clinically, we have found a positive correlation between USP10 and HDAC6 expression in a cohort of NSCLC patient samples. Moreover, we have shown that high levels of USP10 mRNA correlate with poor overall survival in a cohort of advanced NSCLC patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy. Overall, our studies suggest that USP10 could be a potential biomarker for predicting patient response to platinum, and that targeting USP10 could sensitize lung cancer patients lacking wild-type p53 to platinum-based therapy.

3.
Front Immunol ; 11: 687, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32391010

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) play a crucial role in regulating the intestinal immune response during colitis. We previously revealed an essential role of MDSC in promoting TH17 cell polarization, which was found to be arginase-1 (Arg-1)-dependent; however, the underlying mechanism remains obscure. Here we report that percentage of MDSC decreased in Arg myeKO mice during DSS-induced colitis. IL-17A levels reduced but IL-17F levels increased significantly in the colorectum of Arg myeKO mice, leading to severe tissue damage and high risk of mortality rate. Activation of estrogen receptor (ESR) increased pSTAT3 level in MDSC and consequently led to elevated percentage of MDSC and more Arg-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in MDSC. Increased level of IL-17A and reduced level of IL-17F alleviated colitis in mice consequently. Together, these findings demonstrate a protective role of MDSC-derived Arg-1 during colitis after activates ESR/STAT3 signaling in MDSC. High level of Arg-1 favors accumulation of IL-17A, but reduced IL-17F expression in the colorectum of mice and ultimately leading to relief of colitis, indicating a potential clinical impact of MDSC-derived Arg-1 for controlling inflammatory bowel disease.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373847

RESUMO

Three diphosphates, α-Li2Na2P2O7, Li8Pb3Ba(P2O7)4 and Li7Rb(P2O7)2, were synthesized via a high-temperature solution method. α-Li2Na2P2O7 crystallized into a non-centrosymmetric space group Ama2, while Li8Pb3Ba(P2O7)4 and Li7Rb(P2O7)2 crystallized into the centrosymmetric space groups C2/c and P1[combining macron]respectively. α-Li2Na2P2O7, Li8Pb3Ba(P2O7)4 and Li7Rb(P2O7)2 could be obtained by co-substitution from each other. Also, we found that the high valence state and small atomic radius of the substituted cations resulted in a larger cation-cation distance, which led to a lower dimension of the structure. Li2Na2P2O7 possessed two phases, namely, α- and ß-Li2Na2P2O7, and their second harmonic generation (SHG) responses were compared. We also reported the syntheses, IR spectra, UV-vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy data, thermal properties and first principles calculations of the title compounds.

5.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-11, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345086

RESUMO

Aim of the study: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of newborn brain injury. Apoptosis and necroptosis are two forms of cell death which may occur in HIE but reported data are yet limited. This study investigates the expression of receptor interacting protein kinase (RIPK) 1 and 3, and caspase3, the key modulators of necroptosis and apoptosis, respectively, in a model of HIE to determine whether both forms of cell death occur in the corresponding brain regions.Materials and methods: Postneonatal day 7 Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to right carotid artery ligation followed by hypoxia or subjected to skin incision under surgical anesthesia without ligation and hypoxia. Neuroglioma (H4) cell was cultured and subjected to 24 h hypoxic insults. Necrostatin-1, a RIPK1 inhibitor, was administered in both in vivo and in vitro settings before insult.Results: After hypoxic-ischemic insults, both RIPK1 and RIPK3 expression were significantly increased in the region of hippocampal dentate gyrus in the injurious hemisphere. However, cleaved caspase3 was significantly increased in the hippocampal cornu ammonis 1 region in the injurious hemisphere. After hypoxic insults, RIPK1 and RIPK3 expression was also found in H4 cells. In addition, it was identified that the increased RIPK1 and RIPK3 can be inhibited by necrostatin-1 in both in vivo and in vitro.Conclusions: These data indicated that apoptosis and necroptosis occur in different brain regions of hippocampus in a model of HIE which may suggest that strategies to prevent each form of neuronal death is valuable to be developed.

6.
Biosci Rep ; 40(4)2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266944

RESUMO

Cancer cell lines are often used for cancer research. However, continuous genetic instability-induced heterogeneity of cell lines can hinder the reproducibility of cancer research. Molecular profiling approaches including transcriptomics, chromatin modification profiling, and proteomics are used to evaluate the phenotypic characteristics of cell lines. However, these do not reflect the metabolic function at the molecular level. Metabolic phenotyping is a powerful tool to profile the biochemical composition of cell lines. In the present study, 1H-NMR spectroscopy-based metabolic phenotyping was used to detect metabolic differences among five cancer cell lines, namely, lung (A549), colonic (Caco2), brain (H4), renal (RCC), and ovarian (SKOV3) cancer cells. The concentrations of choline, creatine, lactate, alanine, fumarate and succinate varied remarkably among different cell types. The significantly higher intracellular concentrations of glutathione, myo-inositol, and phosphocholine were found in the SKOV3 cell line relative to other cell lines. The concentration of glutamate was higher in both SKOV3 and RCC cells compared with other cell lines. For cell culture media analysis, isopropanol was found to be the highest in RCC media, followed by A549 and SKOV3 media, while acetone was the highest in A549, followed by RCC and SKOV3. These results demonstrated that 1H-NMR-based metabolic phenotyping approach allows us to characterize specific metabolic signatures of cancer cell lines and provides phenotypical information of cellular metabolism.

7.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 5894768, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256193

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) a long-known endocrinopathy and one of the most common endocrine-reproductive-metabolic disorders in women, which can lead to infertility. Although the precise etiology remains unclear, PCOS is considered as a complex genetic trait, with a high degree of heterogeneity. Besides, hormones and immune cells, including both innate and adaptive immune cells, are reportedly a cross talk in PCOS. Chronic low-grade inflammation increases autoimmune disease risk. This proinflammatory condition may, in turn, affect vital physiological processes that ultimately cause infertility, such as ovulation failure and embryo implantation. Here, we review the accumulating evidence linking PCOS with inflammatory status providing an overview of the underlying hormone-mediated dysregulation of immune cells. We mainly focus on the correlational evidence of associations between immune status in women and the increased prevalence of PCOS, along with the specific changes in immune responses. Further recognition and exploration of these interactions may help elucidate PCOS pathophysiology and highlight targets for its treatment and prevention.

8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(4): 310-4, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: From the perspective of ß-amyloid (Aß) toxicity and synaptic plasticity, the mechanism of electroacupuncture to improve learning and memory ability in the early pathological stages of Alzheimer's disease was explored. METHODS: Twelve male amyloid-protein precursor (APP)/γ-secretase (PS1) double transgenic AD mice were randomly and equally divided into electroacupuncture (EA) group and model group, and other 6 male C57BL/6 mice were used as the normal group. EA (1 Hz/50 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to "Baihui" (GV20) and bilateral "Yongquan"(KI1) for 15 min, once every other day for 6 weeks. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the positive expression of Aß in the left hippocampus. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the positive expression of postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) in the left hippocampus. Western blot was used to detect the expression of PSD-95 and synaptophysin (SYN)in the right hippocampus. RESULTS: Immunofluorescence results showed that extracellular Aß was seen in the model group and electroacupuncture group, but no senile plaques were seen. Compared with the normal group, the expression level of Aß in the hippocampus of the model group increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression of Aß in the hippocampus of the EA group decreased (P<0.05). Immunohistochemical results showed that compared with the normal group, the PSD-95 positive expression in the model group was decreased(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the expression of PSD-95 in the EA group was increased (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that compared with the normal group, the expression levels of PSD-95 and SYN in the hippocampus of the model group were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression levels of PSD-95 and SYN in the EA group were increased (P<0.05,P <0.01). CONCLUSION: EA can reduce the expression of Aß in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice and increase the expression of PSD-95 and SYN, which may contribute to its effect in improving the synaptic plasticity.

9.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(6): 1415-1426, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The CD-TK double suicide gene has become an effective therapy for bladder cancer. A novel molecular-targeted ultrasound (US) method has been developed to precisely guide nanobubbles loaded with this gene to regions within bladder tumor cells and is widely used due to its efficiency in delivering drugs to the target tumor. METHODS: Uniform nanoscaled nanobubbles loaded with CD-TK double suicide gene were developed using a thin-film hydration sonication, carbodiimide chemistry approaches, and electrostatic adsorption methods. RESULTS: In the present study, we synthesized CD-TK double suicide gene-loaded cationic nanobubbles conjugated with anti-VEGFR2 that can bind with VEGFR2-positive cells. Fluorescence and flow cytometry evidence show that CD-TK double suicide gene-loaded nanobubbles were successfully developed. CD-TK-CNBs delivered via US-mediated nanobubble destruction (UMND) enhanced transfection efficiency, overexpression of CD-TK double suicide gene, and tumor cell apoptosis, and inhibited tumor cell growth in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These CD-TK-CNBs may become a novel treatment for bladder cancer.

10.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 2074-2078, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097549

RESUMO

Quantum states are described by wave functions whose phases cannot be directly measured but which play a vital role in quantum effects such as interference and entanglement. The loss of the relative phase information, termed decoherence, arises from the interactions between a quantum system and its environment. Decoherence is perhaps the biggest obstacle on the path to reliable quantum computing. Here we show that decoherence occurs even in an isolated molecule, although not all phase information is lost, via a theoretical study of a central electron spin qubit interacting with nearby nuclear spins in prototypical magnetic molecules. The residual coherence, which is molecule-dependent, provides a microscopic rationalization for the nuclear spin diffusion barrier proposed to explain experiments. The contribution of nearby molecules to the decoherence has a nontrivial dependence on separation, peaking at intermediate distances. Molecules that are far away affect only the long-time behavior. Because the residual coherence is simple to calculate and correlates well with the coherence time, it can be used as a descriptor for coherence in magnetic molecules. This work will help establish design principles for enhancing coherence in molecular spin qubits and serve to motivate further theoretical work.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109922, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007919

RESUMO

Quercetin is a natural product that has been shown to induce tumor apoptosis and necrosis through multiple mechanisms. Tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) expansion negatively regulates the immune response by inhibiting T cell function through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation, thereby facilitating tumor escape from host immune surveillance. Thus MDSC is an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy to enhance cytotoxic T cell responses. However, the effects of quercetin on MDSC are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that quercetin treatment enhanced mouse- and human- derived granulocytic-myeloid-derived suppressor cells (G-MDSC) survival and promoted the secretion of T cell-suppressive factors in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis further showed that quercetin was highly correlated with the estrogen receptor signaling pathway, which was confirmed by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometric analysis. These findings highlight the potential advantages and feasibility of quercetin in reinforcing the suppressive property of G-MDSC. Thus impact of G-MDSC should be taken into consideration when quercetin is applied to tumor therapy.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(1): 68-73, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923106

RESUMO

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from dysfunction of pancreatic islets ß cells. Recent studies supported that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress takes an important role in pancreatic ß cell excessive loss, resulting in T1D. Here, we aimed to review the relationship between ER stress and T1D. Additionally, we also reviewed the potential mechanisms underlying ER stress mediated T1D. Studies have shown that severe ER stress is directly involved in the pancreatic ß cells destruction and pathogenesis of T1D. ER stress plays a key part in pancreatic ß cells and T1D, which will help in developing new effective therapeutics for T1D.

13.
Br J Cancer ; 122(1): 23-29, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819182

RESUMO

In recent years, a large number of studies have been carried out in the field of immune metabolism, highlighting the role of metabolic energy reprogramming in altering the function of immune cells. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of cells generated during a large array of pathological conditions, such as cancer, inflammation, and infection, and show remarkable ability to suppress T-cell responses. These cells can also change their metabolic pathways in response to various pathogen-derived or inflammatory signals. In this review, we focus on the roles of glucose, fatty acid (FA), and amino acid (AA) metabolism in the differentiation and function of MDSCs in the tumour microenvironment, highlighting their potential as targets to inhibit tumour growth and enhance tumour immune surveillance by the host. We further highlight the remaining gaps in knowledge concerning the mechanisms determining the plasticity of MDSCs in different environments and their specific responses in the tumour environment. Therefore, this review should motivate further research in the field of metabolomics to identify the metabolic pathways driving the enhancement of MDSCs in order to effectively target their ability to promote tumour development and progression.

14.
Int Heart J ; 61(1): 186-190, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875619

RESUMO

Rupture of aortic sinus aneurysms is a rare cardiac malformation that is commonly observed in the right coronary sinus but is rarely observed in the noncoronary sinus. Here, we report a case of aneurysm of the aortic sinus that ruptured into the left ventricular outflow tract and was diagnosed with left ventricular opacification. Left heart echocardiography can clearly demonstrate the structure of the heart and is one of the important diagnostic methods for diagnosing ruptured aortic sinus aneurysms. This observes the perfusion sequence of blood flow to clearly reveal the source, direction, and location of the ruptured aortic sinus aneurysm.


Assuntos
Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3104176, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871935

RESUMO

Background: Several previous studies have assessed the relationship between IL-4-590C/T gene polymorphism and smoking-related cancer in recent years; however, the results remain controversial. Based on it, the study intends to clarify whether IL-4-590C/T variant increases the risk of smoking-related cancer through meta-analysis. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang data information service platform to collect qualified case-control studies in strict accordance with the inclusion and exclusion standards. The 95% confidence interval (95% CI) and its odds ratio (OR) were adopted to access the relation between IL-4-590C/T gene polymorphism and smoking-related cancer; sensitivity analysis and publication bias assessment were carried out after the studies' quality evaluation. Results: 17 studies were included in total, with 5,061 patients and 6,346 control cases. A significant association between IL-4-590C/T variant and smoking-related cancer in total population was revealed in our meta-analysis results, and IL-4-590C/T variant might have a relatively protective effect on smoking-related cancer (CT vs. TT: P=0.026, OR = 0.900, 95% CI: 0.820-0.987). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity showed that the IL-4-590C/T polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk of smoking-related cancer in the Asian population (CT vs. TT: P=0.008, OR = 0.878, 95% CI: 0.798-0.967; CC + CT vs. TT: P=0.030, OR = 0.903, 95% CI: 0.824-0.990). Subgroup analysis based on types of cancer demonstrated the IL-4-590C/T variant achieved a lower risk in renal cell cancer (CC vs. TT: P=0.046, OR = 0.640, 95% CI: 0.412-0.993). Conclusion: There is a conspicuous association between IL-4-590C/T polymorphism and decreased risk of smoking-related cancer, particularly in Asians. And IL-4-590C/T polymorphism may have a protective effect on renal cell cancer.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Interleucina-4/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Risco
16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from dysfunction of pancreatic islets ß cells. Recent studies supported that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress takes an important role in pancreatic ß cell excessive loss, resulting in T1D. Here, we aimed to review the relationship between ER stress and T1D. Additionally, we also reviewed the potential mechanisms underlying ER stress mediated T1D. DATA SOURCES: This review was based on the articles from PubMed databases up to July 2019, with the following keywords: "endoplasmic reticulum stress", "inflammation", "autoimmunity", and "type 1 diabetes". STUDY SELECTION: Original articles and critical reviews on the topics were selected and carefully analyzed. RESULTS: Studies have shown that severe ER stress is directly involved in the pancreatic ß cells destruction and pathogenesis of T1D. CONCLUSIONS: ER stress plays a key part in pancreatic ß cells and T1D, which will help in developing new effective therapeutics for T1D.

17.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 8421479, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885499

RESUMO

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody- (ANCA-) associated vasculitis (AAV) is characterized by small-vessel inflammation in association with autoantibodies. Balance between T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and T follicular regulatory (Tfr) cells is critical for humoral immune responses. Accumulating evidence supports that Tfh and Tfr are involved in autoimmune diseases; however, their roles in AAV are unclear. In this study, we tested the changes of circulatory Tfh and Tfr in patients with AAV. Twenty patients with AAV and twenty healthy controls were enrolled. Sixteen AAV patients had kidney involvement. We found that the AAV patients had increased circulating Tfh cells (CD4+CXCR5+CD25-CD127interm-hi), decreased Tfr cells (CD4+CXCR5+CD25+CD127lo-interm), and elevated Tfh/Tfr ratios compared with healthy controls (P < 0.01). The Tfh percentage and Tfh/Tfr ratio, but not Tfr percentage, were positively correlated to proteinuria levels and BVAS scores in patients with AAV (P < 0.01). In addition, AAV patients had decreased circulating Tfh1 (CCR6-CXCR3+), but increased Tfh2 cells (CCR6-CXCR3-), compared with healthy controls (P < 0.01), indicating a Tfh1-to-Tfh2 shift. Furthermore, remission achieved by immunosuppressive treatment markedly attenuated the increase of total Tfh (P < 0.01) and Tfh2 cells (P < 0.05), promoted the Tfh1 response (P < 0.05), and recovered the balance between Tfh/Tfr cells (P < 0.05) and between Tfh1/Tfh2 cells (P < 0.05) in patients with AAV. Plasma levels of IL-21, a cytokine secreted by Tfh cells, were elevated in AAV patients compared with healthy controls (P < 0.01), which was attenuated by immunosuppressive treatment (P < 0.05). Taken together, our findings indicate that circulatory Tfh/Tfr ratios, Tfh2/Tfh1 shift, and plasma IL-21 levels are associated with AAV and disease activity.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18028, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been several case-control studies to assess the relationship between the transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) T + 869C (rs1982073)/C-509T (rs1800469) gene polymorphism and lung cancer in recent years; however, the results remain controversial. In this study, we investigated the potential correlation between the TGF-ß1 T + 869C/C-509T polymorphism and increased risk of lung cancer through meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library database, Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and the Wanfang Data Information Service platform to identify relevant case-control studies in strict accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to evaluate the correlation between TGF-ß1 gene polymorphism and lung tumor risk. Sensitivity analysis and Egger test were used to evaluate the stability of the results and possible publication bias. RESULTS: A total of 8 studies, with 3680 patients and 4018 controls, were included. The meta-analysis revealed that there was no conspicuous correlation between the TGF-ß1 T + 869C (rs1982073)/C-509T (rs1800469) variant and lung cancer in the overall population. For TGF-ß1 C-509T, a significant decreased risk was identified in patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the analysis stratified by disease (TT vs CT + CC: P = .02, OR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.27-0.90). However, for TGF-ß1 T + 869C, subgroup analysis showed no correlation between the T + 869C polymorphism and lung cancer susceptibility in patients with NSCLC. In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, no distinct association was observed between T + 869C (rs1982073)/C-509T (rs1800469) polymorphism and lung cancer susceptibility in the Asian and Caucasian groups. Moreover, no significant association was found in the analysis of groups stratified by age, sex, and smoking history. CONCLUSION: The TGF-ß1 T + 869C (rs1982073) and C-509T (rs1800469) polymorphisms are not implicated in lung cancer susceptibility in the overall population. However, our analysis indicated that the C-509T (rs1800469) polymorphism decreases the risk of lung cancer in patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(20)2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640216

RESUMO

Because of the complex task environment, long working distance, and random drift of the gyro, the positioning error gradually diverges with time in the design of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS)/Doppler velocity log (DVL) integrated positioning system. The use of velocity information in the DVL system cannot completely suppress the divergence of the SINS navigation error, which will result in low positioning accuracy and instability. To address this problem, this paper proposes a SINS/DVL integrated positioning system based on a filtering gain compensation adaptive filtering technology that considers the source of error in SINS and the mechanism that influences the positioning results. In the integrated positioning system, an organic combination of a filtering gain compensation adaptive filter and a filtering gain compensation strong tracking filter is explored to fuse position information to obtain higher accuracy and a more stable positioning result. Firstly, the system selects the indirect filtering method and uses the integrated positioning error to model the navigation parameters of the system. Then, a filtering gain compensation adaptive filtering method is developed by using the filtering gain compensation algorithm based on the error statistics of the positioning parameters. The positioning parameters of the system are filtered and information on errors in the navigation parameters is obtained. Finally, integrated with the positioning parameter error information, the positioning parameters of the system are solved, and high-precision positioning results are obtained to accurately position autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). The simulation results show that the SINS/DVL integrated positioning method, based on the filtering gain compensation adaptive filtering technology, can effectively enhance the positioning accuracy.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(18)2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491927

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a novel Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) algorithm which can navigate non-holonomic robots with continuous control in an unknown dynamic environment with moving obstacles. We call the approach MK-A3C (Memory and Knowledge-based Asynchronous Advantage Actor-Critic) for short. As its first component, MK-A3C builds a GRU-based memory neural network to enhance the robot's capability for temporal reasoning. Robots without it tend to suffer from a lack of rationality in face of incomplete and noisy estimations for complex environments. Additionally, robots with certain memory ability endowed by MK-A3C can avoid local minima traps by estimating the environmental model. Secondly, MK-A3C combines the domain knowledge-based reward function and the transfer learning-based training task architecture, which can solve the non-convergence policies problems caused by sparse reward. These improvements of MK-A3C can efficiently navigate robots in unknown dynamic environments, and satisfy kinetic constraints while handling moving objects. Simulation experiments show that compared with existing methods, MK-A3C can realize successful robotic navigation in unknown and challenging environments by outputting continuous acceleration commands.

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