Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 111
Filtrar
1.
J Headache Pain ; 23(1): 137, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA) have not been evaluated sufficiently due to limited data, particularly in China. METHODS: Patients with SUNCT or SUNA treated in a tertiary headache centre or seven other headache clinics of China between April 2009 and July 2022 were studied; we compared their demographics and clinical phenotypes. RESULTS: The 45 patients with SUNCT and 31 patients with SUNA had mean ages at onset of 37.22 ± 14.54 years and 42.45 ± 14.72 years, respectively. The mean ages at diagnosis of SUNCT and SUNA were 41.62 ± 12.70 years and 48.68 ± 13.80 years, respectively (p = 0.024). The correct diagnosis of SUNCT or SUNA was made after an average of 2.5 (0-20.5) years or 3.0 (0-20.7) years, respectively. Both diseases had a female predominance (SUNCT: 1.14:1; SUNA: 2.10:1). The two diseases differed in the most common attack site (temporal area in SUNCT, p = 0.017; parietal area in SUNA, p = 0.002). Qualitative descriptions of the attacks included stabbing pain (44.7%), electric-shock-like pain (36.8%), shooting pain (25.0%), and slashing pain (18.4%). Lacrimation was the most common autonomic symptom in both SUNCT and SUNA patients, while eyelid oedema, ptosis, and miosis were less frequent. Triggers such as cold air and face washing were shared by the two diseases, and they were consistently ipsilateral to the attack site. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to Western countries, SUNCT and SUNA in China have a greater female predominance and an earlier onset. The shared core phenotype of SUNCT and SUNA, despite their partial differences, suggests that they are the same clinical entity.


Assuntos
Neuralgia , Síndrome SUNCT , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Síndrome SUNCT/diagnóstico , Síndrome SUNCT/tratamento farmacológico , Cefaleia , China/epidemiologia
2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(43): 49274-49283, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36259519

RESUMO

In this study, a stable and durable hexadecyltrimethoxysilane (HDTMS)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) superhydrophobic film is successfully prepared by a simple and low-cost two-step method, namely, carrying out biomimetically hierarchical structures and low surface energy material modification concurrently. Meanwhile, effective parameters affecting the water contact angle (WCA) are studied and optimized. More importantly, under optimum parameters, the maximum WCA is 165°, the minimum slide angle (SA) is 3°, and the adhesion force is 13 µN, showing good self-cleaning performance. Besides, considerable mechanical stability to withstand 4000 tension or 5000 compression cycles, breathability, and moisture penetrability, as well as chemical resistance with sustained superhydrophobic properties in various harsh environments, are presented.

3.
ACS Omega ; 7(41): 36786-36794, 2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36278105

RESUMO

To enhance the infrared radiation efficiency and the heat transfer performance simultaneously, graphene (Gr) was synthesized in situ on hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) to prepare Gr/h-BN composites by a scalable combustion synthesis in CO2 atmosphere using Mg as sacrificial solder. The synthesized Gr/h-BN composites were added in polydimethylsiloxane polymer to prepare composite coatings, which show an infrared emissivity greater than 0.95 and a through-plane thermal conductivity up to 2.584 W·m-1·K-1. When functioning on an Al heatsink, such a composite coating can reduce the temperature by as much as 21.7 °C. Meanwhile, the composite coating exhibits superior adhesion on the Al substrate. Therefore, Gr/h-BN composite coatings with noteworthy infrared radiation and thermal conductivity are expected to be a promising candidate for heat dissipation applications.

4.
Front Genet ; 13: 937069, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36160018

RESUMO

Background: Forkhead box P (FOXP) family was introduced as a double-edged sword in tumorigenesis and influenced immunotherapy response by modulating host immunity. This study aimed to summarize the involvement of the FOXP family in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: The UALCAN, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), and Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‒qPCR) were used to analyse the expression levels of the FOXP family in NSCLC. The prognostic impact was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier Plotter. MethSurv, UALCAN, and cBioPortal were applied to analyse the DNA methylation and mutation status of the FOXP family respectively. COEXPEDIA, STRING, and GeneMANIA were used to explore the interaction mechanism. Finally, TISIDB was used to investigate all of the immune-related characteristics regulated by the FOXP family. Results: The expression levels of FOXP1/3/4 were dysregulated in NSCLC tissues than that in normal tissues. Groups with low expression levels of FOXP1/4 and high expression levels of FOXP2/3 were associated with poor prognosis in NSCLC. The transcriptional levels of FOXP2/3/4 were correlated with DNA methylation in NSCLC. FOXP1/3/4 DNA methylation were correlated with prognosis. Pathway enrichment analysis indicated the FOXP family was mainly related to immune-related pathways. After DNA methylation, the correlations between FOXP family and immune factors were opposite to that before alteration in NSCLC. Conclusion: This study elucidated FOXP family could serve as vital diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in NSCLC. Our study highlighted novel potential functions of FOXP family DNA methylation in regulation of immune-related signatures in NSCLC.

5.
Eur J Public Health ; 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) plays an important role in the progression of hypertension (HTN); therefore, early identification of IR is clinically important for preventing HTN. Our study aims to explore the relationship between the metabolic score for IR (METS-IR) and HTN in Chinese population who maintained non-overweight. METHODS: A total of 4678 adults who underwent annual health check-up in our institution from 2010 to 2017, did not have HTN at the first check-up and maintained non-overweight at follow-up were selected as subjects. The baseline METS-IR was calculated and the outcome was incident HTN. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate hazards ratios of HTN for METS-IR. Additionally, sensitive analyses and stratification analyses were used to deeply verify the relationship of METS-IR with HTN. The dose-response association between METS-IR and HTN risk was investigated using restricted the cubic spline analysis fitted for the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Compared with the first quartiles of METS-IR, the risk of incident HTN was increased by 58% [hazard ratio (HR) 1.58, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-2.22] and 96% (HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.40-2.76) in the Q3 group and the Q4 group, respectively. The results remained consistent when analyses were restricted to people without abnormal high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride or fasting plasma glucose level at baseline. A linear dose-response relationship between METS-IR and HTN risk was identified (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04-1.12). CONCLUSIONS: The risk of incident HTN was associated with elevated METS-IR levels in non-overweight individuals. METS-IR could help predict the risk of HTN in non-overweight individuals.

6.
Res Vet Sci ; 152: 99-106, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939885

RESUMO

The host innate defense-pathogen interaction in the lung has always been a topic of concern. The respiratory tract is a common entry route for Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC). Chicken surfactant protein A (cSP-A) and chicken lung lectin (cLL) can bind to the carbohydrate moieties of various microorganisms. Despite their detection in chickens, their role in the innate immune response is largely unknown. This study aimed to examine whether the expression levels of cSP-A and cLL in the chicken respiratory system were affected by APEC infection. A lung colonization model was established in vivo using 5-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens infected intratracheally with APEC. The chickens were euthanized 12 h post-infection (hpi) and 1-3 days post-infection (dpi) to detect various indicators. The results of quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence multiplex immunohistochemical staining showed that the mRNA and protein expression levels of cSP-A and cLL in the lung and trachea were significantly co-upregulated at 2dpi.Transcriptome RNA-sequencing analysis indicated that the inoculation with APEC AE17 at 2 dpi resulted in differential gene expression of approximately 810 genes compared with control birds, but only a few genes were expressed with astatistically significant ≧2-fold difference. cLL and cSP-A were among the significantly upregulated genes involved in innate immunity. These findings indicated that cSP-A and cLL might play an important role in lung innate host defense against APEC infection at the early stage.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Galinhas , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteína A Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/patologia , Lectinas , Infecções por Escherichia coli/veterinária , Infecções por Escherichia coli/patologia , Pulmão/patologia
7.
J Headache Pain ; 23(1): 92, 2022 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been a few studies regarding the pre-attack symptoms (PAS) and pre-episode symptoms (PES) of cluster headache (CH), but none have been conducted in the Chinese population. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and features of PAS and PES in Chinese patients, as well as to investigate their relationships with pertinent factors. METHODS: The study included patients who visited a tertiary headache center and nine other headache clinics between January 2019 and September 2021. A questionnaire was used to collect general data and information about PAS and PES. RESULTS: Among the 327 patients who met the CH criteria (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition), 269 (82.3%) patients experienced at least one PAS. The most common PAS were head and facial discomfort (74.4%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis depicted that the number of triggers (OR = 1.798, p = 0.001), and smoking history (OR = 2.067, p = 0.026) were correlated with increased odds of PAS. In total, 68 (20.8%) patients had PES. The most common symptoms were head and facial discomfort (23, 33.8%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the number of triggers were associated with increased odds of PES (OR = 1.372, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: PAS are quite common in CH patients, demonstrating that CH attacks are not comprised of a pain phase alone; investigations of PAS and PES could help researchers better understand the pathophysiology of CH.

8.
J Headache Pain ; 23(1): 89, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35883029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate whether MwoA and MwA are different manifestations of a single disease, distinct clinical entities, or located at two poles of a spectrum. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 5438 patients from 10 hospitals in China were included: 4651 were diagnosed with migraine without aura (MwoA) and 787 with migraine with aura (MwA). We used a validated standardized electronic survey to collect multidimensional data on headache characteristics and evaluated the similarities and differences between migraine subtypes. To distinguish migraine subtypes, we employed correlational analysis, factor analysis of mixed data (FAMD), and decision tree analysis. RESULTS: Compared to MwA, MwoA had more severe headaches, predominantly affected females, were more easily produced by external factors, and were more likely to have accompanying symptoms and premonitory neck stiffness. Patients with MwA are heterogeneous, according to correlation analysis; FAMD divided the subjects into three clear clusters. The majority of the differences between MwoA and MwA were likewise seen when typical aura with migraine headache (AWM) and typical aura with non-migraine headache (AWNM) were compared. Furthermore, decision trees analysis revealed that the chaotic MwA data reduced the decision tree's accuracy in distinguishing MwoA from MwA, which was significantly increased by splitting MwA into AWM and AWNM. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical phenomics of headache phenotype varies gradually from MwoA to AWM and AWNM, and AWM is a mid-state between MwoA and AWNM. We tend to regard migraine as a spectrum disorder, and speculate that different migraine subtypes have different "predominant regions" that generate attacks.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Enxaqueca com Aura , Enxaqueca sem Aura , Estudos Transversais , Epilepsia/complicações , Feminino , Cefaleia/complicações , Humanos , Enxaqueca com Aura/complicações , Enxaqueca com Aura/diagnóstico , Enxaqueca com Aura/genética , Enxaqueca sem Aura/diagnóstico , Fenômica
9.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 816870, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712625

RESUMO

Background: Childhood stunting is still a public health issue in developing countries. However, the traditional risk factors in underdeveloped areas are not suitable for developed areas. Moreover, childhood stunting is influenced by several aspects, including genetic factors, perinatal conditions, maternal conditions, and feeding practices, but researchers have not yet clearly determined which aspect of risk accumulation exerts the strongest effect on stunting. A matched case-control study was performed to assess the effect of different aspects of risk accumulation on childhood stunting. Methods: In total, 173 non-stunted children aged under 7 years were matched in our study from June 2015 to August 2015. The children's heights and weights were measured, and a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from the children and their parents. The risk factors were assigned to the following five aspects: genetic factors, family socioeconomic status, perinatal conditions, maternal conditions, and feeding practices. The risk accumulation (cumulative risk score) in each aspect was defined as the total number of risk factors that occurred in a certain aspect. A conditional logistic regression model was used to assess the effect of risk accumulation in different aspects on stunting, and a decision-tree model was used to predict the children's stunting based on the cumulative risk scores. Results: Risk accumulation in perinatal conditions, genetic factors, maternal conditions, and feeding practices was significant in the conditional logistic regression model (P < 0.05). Perinatal conditions showed the strongest association with stunting in both the regression analysis and the decision-tree model. The risk of stunting increased by 1.199 times if the cumulative risk score for perinatal conditions increased by one, and the probability of stunting was 75.8% if the cumulative risk score for perinatal conditions was ≥1. Conclusion: Risk accumulation in perinatal conditions, genetic factors, maternal conditions, and feeding practices substantially increased the probability of stunting in childhood. Perinatal conditions were the main aspect associated with stunting. Prevention and intervention measures should be adopted to avoid risk accumulation in stunting.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431545

RESUMO

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a predominant cause of mortality worldwide. Autophagy, which depends on a lysosomal degradation pathway, plays an essential role in the occurrence of COPD. The aim of our study was to identify the potential function of autophagy and construct a BCL2-related competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network that induces autophagy in COPD. Methods: Blood sample data from GSE31568, GSE24709, and GSE61741 were collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed miRNAs in COPD and controls were identified via GEO2R. Transcription factors were obtained from FunRich. DIANA, miRDB, miRTarBase, and TargetScan were used to predict target genes of miRNAs. Autophagy genes were collected from the Human Autophagy Database (HADb). The GSE151052 dataset was used to identify autophagy-related differentially expressed genes in tissues. Functional enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analyses were conducted via Metascape and the STRING network. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between autophagy-related differentially expressed genes and lung function. The BCL2-related ceRNA network was modeled by Cytoscape. Results: We obtained 41 differentially expressed miRNAs and 10 significantly different transcription factors. We identified 19 autophagy-related differentially expressed genes that were significantly different (P<0.05) in tissue samples. The most significant enrichment in Metascape was an autophagy item, which further confirmed autophagy participation in the occurrence of COPD. PPI network analysis found four genes (BCL2, BECN1, MAPK8, and ITPR1), among which BCL2 was correlated with both FEV1/FVC and FEV1 prediction. Finally, the BCL2-related ceRNA network was constructed to clarify the interaction of RNAs and occurrence of autophagy, including 18 miRNAs and 65 lncRNAs. Conclusion: We identified 19 autophagy-related differentially expressed genes that participated in COPD; among them, BCL2 was correlated with lung function, and a BCL2-related ceRNA network was constructed, which further revealed the potential mechanism of autophagy involvement in COPD.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , RNA Longo não Codificante , Autofagia/genética , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(3): 1226-1234, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258186

RESUMO

Based on the daily average concentration of PM2.5, social influencing factor data, and meteorological data of 11 cities in Shanxi Province from 2015 to 2019, the concentration period of PM2.5 was determined using wavelet transform. The correlation between PM2.5 and social influencing factors and meteorological factors was explored respectively through Spearman correlation and the wavelet coherence spectrum, and the main influencing factors of long-term and short-term management and control of PM2.5 were determined. The results showed that the concentration of PM2.5 in Shanxi Province showed an upward trend from 2015 to 2017, with an average annual increase rate of 4.3% and a downward trend from 2018 to 2019, with an average annual decrease rate of 4.2%. The average concentration of PM2.5 showed a "U" distribution, with the highest value in January (95 µg·m-3) and the lowest in August (34 µg·m-3); the average value in winter was approximately twice that in summer. The ρ(PM2.5) in southern cities such as Linfen was 62 µg·m-3, and the average value in Datong and other northern cities was 45 µg·m-3, which was high in the south and low in the north. There were significant periodic changes in PM2.5 concentration in the 11 cities, including a long period of approximately 293 d and a short period of approximately 27 d. Among them, the energy consumption level and industrial structure were the strong driving factors affecting the PM2.5 concentration in the long period of Shanxi Province. In the short period, it was greatly affected by the change in atmospheric circulation, and different cities were affected by typical meteorological factors. Linfen, Yuncheng, Datong, Shuozhou, and Xinzhou were vulnerable to wind speed; Jinzhong and Luliang were vulnerable to temperature; and Taiyuan, Jincheng, Yangquan, and Changzhi were uniquely and significantly affected by relative humidity. Therefore, industrial structure adjustment and energy structure adjustment are key to the long-term control of atmospheric PM2.5 and the long-term improvement of air quality in Shanxi Province. The differential impact of different urban meteorological factors on PM2.5 should be considered when carrying out short-term regional joint prevention and control.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano , Análise de Ondaletas
12.
Pharm Biol ; 60(1): 119-130, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985385

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Stroke is an illness with high morbidity, disability and mortality that presents a major clinical challenge. Sanhua decoction (SHD) has been widely used to treat ischaemic stroke in the clinic. However, the potential mechanism of SHD remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the multitarget mechanism of SHD in ischaemic stroke through network pharmacology and bioinformatics analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology and experimental validation approach was used to investigate the bioactive ingredients, critical targets and potential mechanisms of SHD against ischaemic stroke. Four herbal names of SHD, 'ischemic stroke' or 'stroke' was used as a keyword to search the relevant databases. SH-SY5Y cells were treated with various concentrations of SHD (12.5, 25, 50 or 100 µg/mL) for 4 h, exposed to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) for 1 h, then reoxygenation for 24 h. The cell viability was detected by MTT, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was evaluated by ELISA, and protein expression was detected by western blots. RESULTS: SHD treatment increased the survival rate from 65.9 ± 4.3 to 85.56 ± 5.7%. The median effective dose (ED50) was 47.1 µg/mL, the LDH decreased from 288.0 ± 12.0 to 122.8 ± 9.1 U/L and the cell apoptosis rate decreased from 33.6 ± 1.8 to 16.3 ± 1.2%. Western blot analysis revealed that SHD increased the levels of p-PI3k, p-Akt and p-CREB1, and decreased the expression of TNF-α and IL-6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that SHD protects against cerebral ischaemic injury via regulation of the PI3K/Akt/CREB1 and TNF pathways.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(1): 834-849, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34962770

RESUMO

Water electrolysis is considered as one promising strategy for hydrogen production, and thus, preparing electrocatalysts of superior efficiency and low cost for a hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in a wide pH range is of paramount importance. In this research, N-doped porous carbon nanofibers derived from silk fibroin by KCl chemical activation are successfully synthesized as the metal-free catalyst for the HER under both acidic and alkaline conditions. After chemical activation of KCl, hierarchical porous structures are formed. Besides, it is found that the concentration of KCl in the electrospun membrane will affect the maintenance of the fibrous morphology for the carbonized samples due to the destruction of ß-sheets in silk fibroin induced by KCl. The specific surface area of the optimized sample, 4%-SPCNF, increased by nearly nine times compared with that without activation because of the hierarchical pores and large through pores between fibers. Meanwhile, the porosity increases from 59.87 to 80.28% due to the existence of through pores. Moreover, the 4%-SPCNF has remarkable stability and durability since the carbon substrate is resistant against the corrosion of the electrolyte. Our work provides insights into the design and engineering of silk fibroin-derived carbon nanofibers for metal-free catalysts of the HER under acidic and alkaline conditions.

14.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 74(2): 191-199, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of specnuezhenide against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury in mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with 10 ml/kg body weight of CCl4 (0.5% diluted in arachis oil) for acute liver injury after oral administration of specnuezhenide for 7 days. Twenty-four hours after the final CCl4 injection, mice were euthanized and plasma and liver samples were collected. KEY FINDINGS: The results showed that specnuezhenide markedly and dose-dependently reduced serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity and relative liver weight, as well as ameliorated histopathological damage caused by CCl4 and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). Moreover, specnuezhenide promoted the expression and nuclear translocation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and increased the mRNA and protein expression of Nrf2 signalling-related genes heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). Finally, TUNEL staining and immunohistochemistry indicated that specnuezhenide prevented CCl4-induced hepatocytic apoptosis by up-regulating B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression and downregulating Bcl-2-associated X (Bax) expression. CONCLUSIONS: Specnuezhenide reduced CCl4-induced liver injury in mice by inhibiting oxidative stress via activation of Nrf2 signalling and decreasing hepatocyte apoptosis.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatias/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Piranos/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Hepatócitos/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Piranos/administração & dosagem , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
China CDC Wkly ; 3(2): 21-24, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594898

RESUMO

WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS TOPIC?: The World Health Organization has estimated the impact of reductions in the performance of global tuberculosis (TB) detection and care on TB deaths. However, the actual impact of COVID-19 pandemic on TB deaths in China remains unclear. WHAT IS ADDED BY THIS REPORT?: The stringent public interventions to fight COVID-19 including lockdown led to more than 20% decrease of TB detection in China. It was predicted that the reduction of TB detection might result in 11,700 excess deaths based on assumption of no detection rebound. Based on the prediction the total deaths will be 51,100 in 2020 which might surpass the deaths in 2011. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE?: Rapid restoration of TB diagnosis and care services is critical for minimizing the potential effects on TB-related deaths and bringing TB burden back to control. It is urgent to ramp up case detection including active case finding and to provide an uninterrupted supply of quality-assured treatment and care for TB cases in post-COVID-19 outbreak.

16.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118151, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517178

RESUMO

Ammonia is essential for the generation of secondary inorganic aerosols (SIA) in particulate matter, which affects severely the air quality in north China. In this study, PM2.5 sampling was conducted as well as gaseous pollutant concentration and meteorological parameters were measured from November 2017 to January 2018. PM2.5 concentration was highest in the industrial site (94.8 ± 41.7 µg m-3), followed by urban (40.9 ± 24.1 µg m-3) and rural (35.6 ± 20.3 µg m-3) sites. The mass ratio of NO3-/SO42- exhibited clear site variations, with the highest average value of 1.2 was found at the urban site, likely due to the dense traffic volume resulting in higher emissions of NO2, and the lowest value of 0.9 at the industry site. The presence of Excess-NHx (E-NHx), raising the pH 24 by 1.4, 1.3, and 1.4 units in industry, urban, and rural sites, respectively, might be vital for raising the aerosol pH. Correlation coefficients of Nitrogen oxidation rate (NOR, NOR = [NO3-]/[NO3-] + [NO2]) vs. Photochemical oxidants (Ox, NO2 +O3 in our study) and NOR vs. aerosol water content (AWC) at three sites were implied that both homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions occurred for nitrate formation in industry site, while heterogeneous reactions were dominant in urban and rural sites. Oxidation rates were most sensitive to the variation of E-NHx concentration at rural site, followed by the urban and industry sites, which was shown by the fact that the increase in E-NHx concentration by 1.0 µg m-3 increased the SIA concentration by 1.21, 1.02, and 0.37 µg m-3 at rural, urban, and industry sites, respectively. With the increase in NHx emissions at present, the role of NHx in SIA formation at ammonia-rich atmosphere requires more attention, especially in the less-noticed rural areas.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Amônia , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Amônia/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 813, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Part of tuberculosis (TB) patients were missed if symptomatic screening was based on the main TB likely symptoms. This study conducted to compare the yield and relative costs of different TB screening algorithms in active case-finding in the whole population in China. METHODS: The study population was screened based on the TB likely symptoms through a face-to-face interview in selected 27 communities from 10 counties of 10 provinces in China. If the individuals had any of the enhanced TB likely symptoms, both chest X-ray and sputum tests were carried out for them furtherly. We used the McNemar test to analyze the difference in TB detection among four algorithms in active case-finding. Of four algorithms, two were from WHO recommendations including 1a/1c, one from China National Tuberculosis Program, and one from this study with the enhanced TB likely symptoms. Furthermore, a two-way ANOVA analysis was performed to analyze the cost difference in the performance of active case-finding adjusted by different demographic and health characteristics among different algorithms. RESULTS: Algorithm with the enhanced TB likely symptoms defined in this study could increase the yield of TB detection in active case-finding, compared with algorithms recommended by WHO (p < 0.01, Kappa 95% CI: 0. 93-0.99) and China NTP (p = 0.03, Kappa 95% CI: 0.96-1.00). There was a significant difference in the total costs among different three algorithms WHO 1c/2/3 (F = 59.13, p < 0.01). No significant difference in the average costs for one active TB case screened and diagnosed through the process among Algorithms 1c/2/3 was evident (F = 2.78, p = 0.07). The average costs for one bacteriological positive case through algorithm WHO 1a was about two times as much as the costs for one active TB case through algorithms WHO 1c/2/3. CONCLUSIONS: Active case-finding based on the enhanced symptom screening is meaningful for TB case-finding and it could identify more active TB cases in time. The findings indicated that this enhanced screening approach cost more compared to algorithms recommend by WHO and China NTP, but the increased yield resulted in comparative costs per patient. And it cost much more that only smear/bacteriological-positive TB cases are screened in active case-finding.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/economia , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/economia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escarro , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
18.
Avian Dis ; 65(2): 237-240, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412453

RESUMO

Histomonas meleagridis is a trichomonad protozoan parasite that can cause an important poultry disease known as histomoniasis; Marek's disease virus (MDV) and subtype J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) usually cause avian oncogenic diseases. Although these diseases have been reported in a single pathogen infection, information about their coinfection is scarce. This study reports a naturally occurring case of coinfection with H. meleagridis, MDV, and ALV-J in a local chicken flock at the age of 150 days. Necropsy revealed necrosis and swelling in the liver and spleen. Histologic analysis showed large areas of mild to severe necrosis of hepatocytes, with numerous intralesional trophozoites of H. meleagridis by H&E and periodic acid-Schiff staining; H&E staining showed pleomorphic and neoplastic lymphoid tumor cells in the liver and myeloid cells with eosinophilic cytoplasmic granules in the spleen. Coexpression of MDV and ALV-J antigens was detected in the liver by fluorescence multiplex immunohistochemistry staining. The 18S rRNA gene of H. meleagridis, meq gene of MDV, and gp85 gene of ALV-J were identified in mixed liver and spleen tissues by PCR and sequencing, respectively.


Reporte de caso­Caracterización patológica de la coinfección con Histomonas meleagridis, el virus de la enfermedad de Marek y el virus de la leucosis aviar subtipo J en pollos Histomonas meleagridis es un parásito protozoario tricomonial que puede causar una enfermedad avícola importante conocida como histomoniasis; El virus de la enfermedad de Marek (MDV) y el virus de la leucosis aviar subtipo J (ALV-J) suelen causar enfermedades oncogénicas aviares. Aunque estas enfermedades se han reportado como infecciones patógenas separadas, la información sobre coinfección es escasa. Este estudio reporta un caso natural de coinfección con H. meleagridis, el virus de la enfermedad de Marek y el virus de la leucosis aviar subtipo J en una parvada de pollos local a la edad de 150 días. La necropsia reveló necrosis e inflamación del hígado y el bazo. El análisis histológico mostró grandes áreas de necrosis de hepatocitos de leve a severa, con numerosos trofozoítos intralesionales de H. meleagridis por tinción de hematoxilina y eosina y por tinción de ácido periódico-Schiff. La tinción de hematoxilina y eosina mostró células linfoides neoplásicas y pleomórficas en el hígado y en el bazo presencia de células mieloides con gránulos citoplásmicos eosinofílicos. La coexpresión de antígenos del virus de Marek y de la leucosis aviar subtipo J se detectó en el hígado mediante tinción inmunohistoquímica de fluorescencia múltiple. El gene de ARNr 18S de H. meleagridis, el gene meq del virus de Marek y el gene gp85 del virus de la leucosis aviar subtipo J se identificaron en tejidos mixtos de hígado y bazo mediante PCR y secuenciación, respectivamente.


Assuntos
Leucose Aviária/complicações , Galinhas , Doença de Marek/complicações , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Infecções por Protozoários/complicações , Animais , Leucose Aviária/patologia , Vírus da Leucose Aviária/classificação , Vírus da Leucose Aviária/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/complicações , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/patologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/veterinária , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Mardivirus/classificação , Mardivirus/isolamento & purificação , Doença de Marek/patologia , Filogenia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/patologia , Infecções por Protozoários/patologia , Baço/patologia , Baço/virologia , Trichomonadida/classificação , Trichomonadida/isolamento & purificação
19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5453047, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194602

RESUMO

Antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities in vitro of saffron petals were examined in this study for better utilizing saffron (Crocus sativus L.) biowaste. Using the DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging method, we compared the antioxidant activity and the content of total flavonoid extracts from petals (TFESP), stamens (TFESS), and both saffron petals and stamens (TFEMS). The results showed that the antioxidant capacity and the flavonoid content of TFESP were higher than those of TFESS and TFEMS. Then, the hepatoprotective activity of TFESP was determined, and the silymarin was used as a positive control. The main components of TFESP were analysed by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) photodiode array (PDA)/mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The result showed that (1) TFESP could release oxidative liver injury induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). (2) TFESP could reduce the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS); enhance the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione (GSH); and then improve the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in BRL-3A cells. (3) TFESP could enhance the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and decrease the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-9; increase the expression of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein-1 (Keap-1), nuclear factor, erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), superoxide dismutase, and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1); and downregulate inducible nitric oxide synthase (INOS), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and nuclear factor kappa B-9 (NF-κB-9). (4) The main hepatoprotective component of TFESP was identified as kaempferol-3-o-sophoroside. The mechanism may be that kaempferol-3-o-sophoroside can protect t-BHP-induced cell injury by regulating the expression of antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory genes. Thus, saffron petals are a potential hepatoprotective resource worthy of development.


Assuntos
Crocus/química , Flores/química , Flavonoides/química , Estresse Oxidativo , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido
20.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 2657-2666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285518

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate polymyxin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli prevalence and characteristics in the Henan province, China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2301 bacterial isolates collected at six hospitals were assessed. Their response to polymyxin was evaluated by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) analysis, and the mobilized colistin resistance (mcr) and carbapenemase gene were explored. Mutations on mgrB, phoPQ, pmrAB, and crrAB in polymyxin-resistant K. pneumoniae were detected by PCR. phoP, phoQ, pmrK, pmrA, pmrB, and pmrC transcriptional levels were quantified by RT-qPCR. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multi-locus sequence typing were performed to determine the phylogenetic relationship between the polymyxin-resistant isolates. RESULTS: Of the E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates identified, 0.3% and 1.4% were polymyxin-resistant, respectively, with MICs of 4-64 µg/mL. All polymyxin-resistant isolates were susceptible to tigecycline. Four E. coli isolates were mcr-1-positive and one was carbapenem-resistant, carrying bla NDM-5 and mcr-1. One K. pneumoniae isolate was mcr-1-positive and nine were carbapenem-resistant (PRCRKP), carrying bla KPC-2 but not mcr-1. The five E. coli isolates belonged to four sequence types (ST2, ST132, ST632, and ST983). All PRCRKP isolates belonged to ST11. However, all 16 isolates belonged to different PFGE types with <95% genetic similarity. Insertion sequences in mgrB were detected in nine (81.8%) polymyxin-resistant K. pneumoniae samples. Colistin resistance was linked with pmrHFIJKLM operon upregulation, with phoP, phoQ, and pmrK being overexpressed in all but one of the polymyxin-resistant K. pneumoniae samples. Furthermore, 33.3% of patients carrying polymyxin-resistant isolates had previously used polymyxin, and 66.7% patients displayed good clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: The K. pneumoniae polymyxin resistance rate was slightly higher than that of E. coli and mcr-1 was more common in E. coli than in K. pneumoniae. Moreover, the insertion of ISkpn14 into mgrB may be the main contributor to polymyxin-resistance in K. pneumoniae in Henan.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...