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1.
Curr Med Sci ; 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of combretastatin A4 phosphate (CA4P) on proliferation, migration, and capillary tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the efficacy of transcatheter arterial embolization combined with CA4P in the treatment of rabbit VX2 liver tumor. METHODS: The effects of different concentrations of CA4P on proliferation, migration and capillary tube formation of HUVECs were investigated by cell proliferation assay, wound healing assay and capillary tube formation assay, respectively. Thirty-two rabbits implanted with liver VX2 tumors were randomly divided into 4 groups. After catheterization of the left hepatic artery, the infusion was performed using normal saline (group A), CA4P aqueous solution (group B), lipiodol and polyvinyl alcohol particles (group C), and CA4P lipiodol emulsion and polyvinyl alcohol particles (group D), respectively. Half of the animals in each group were euthanized for immunohistochemical analysis to evaluate microvessel density (MVD) at 3 days post-treatment. The other half were examined by MRI and histology to evaluate tumor growth and necrosis at 7 days post-treatment. RESULTS: CA4P could inhibit the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of HUVECs in cell experiments. After interventional treatment, the level of MVD in group D was lower than that in group C (P<0.01). The tumor volume in group C or D was lower than that in group A or B (P<0.01). The tumor necrosis rate was higher in group D than in the other groups. CONCLUSION: The study suggests that CA4P could inhibit the proliferation, migration, and capillary tube formation of HUVECs, and transcatheter arterial embolization combined with CA4P could inhibit the growth of VX2 tumor and obviously induce tumor necrosis.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(21)2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365462

RESUMO

Nanocellulose is the most abundant material extracted from plants, animals, and bacteria. Nanocellulose is a cellulosic material with nano-scale dimensions and exists in the form of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), bacterial nanocellulose (BNC), and nano-fibrillated cellulose (NFC). Owing to its high surface area, non-toxic nature, good mechanical properties, low thermal expansion, and high biodegradability, it is obtaining high attraction in the fields of electronics, paper making, packaging, and filtration, as well as the biomedical industry. To obtain the full potential of nanocellulose, it is chemically modified to alter the surface, resulting in improved properties. This review covers the nanocellulose background, their extraction methods, and possible chemical treatments that can enhance the properties of nanocellulose and its composites, as well as their applications in various fields.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361074

RESUMO

The discharge of wastewater containing hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) into the environment is very harmful to living things. Therefore, before effluent that contains Cr(VI) can be discharged into the environment, this toxin should be removed from the contaminated water. In this study, corn stalk biochar was investigated to evaluate the Cr(VI) removal efficiency from an aqueous solution. The effects of pH (2-10), biochar concentration (0.5 to 10 g/L), Cr(VI) concentration (10-500 mg/L), and contact time (10-1440 min) were studied. The actual experimental value of the Cr(VI) removal efficiency was 28.67%, largely consistent with the predicted model value of 29.31%, under the optimal conditions of a Cr(VI) concentration of 60 g/L, pH 4, contact time of 270 min, and a biochar concentration of 4.5 g/L. A significant interaction between the Cr(VI) concentration and pH was observed, along with significance in the interaction between Cr(VI) concentration and biochar concentration, which had a greater impact on the removal of Cr(VI). Biosorption onto corn stalk biochar is an affordable and economical adsorption process to treat wastewater contaminated with Cr(VI). The aim of this study is to provide data to serve as a basis for future studies on the use of raw agricultural waste to remove Cr(VI).


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Zea mays , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Cromo/análise , Adsorção , Água , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436020

RESUMO

Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) with expanded tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) or TCR gene-modified T cells (TCR-T) that recognize mutant KRAS neo-antigens can mediate tumor regression in patients with advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) (Tran et al in N Engl J Med, 375:2255-2262, 2016; Leidner et al in N Engl J Med, 386:2112-2119, 2022). The mutant KRAS-targeted ACT holds great potential to achieve durable clinical responses for PDAC, which has had no meaningful improvement over 40 years. However, the wide application of mutant KRAS-centric ACT is currently limited by the rarity of TIL that recognize the mutant KRAS. In addition, PDAC is generally recognized as a poorly immunogenic tumor, and TILs in PDAC are less abundant than in immunogenic tumors such as melanoma. To increase the success rate of TIL production, we adopted a well-utilized K562-based artificial APC (aAPC) that expresses 4-1BBL as the costimulatory molecules to enhance the TIL production from PDCA. However, stimulation with K562-based aAPC led to a rapid loss of specificity to mutant KRAS. To selectively expand neo-antigen-specific T cells, particularly mKRAS, from the TILs, we used tandem mini gene-modified autologous T cells (TMG-T) as the novel aAPC. Using this modified IVS protocol, we successfully generated TIL cultures specifically reactive to mKRAS (G12V). We believe that autologous TMG-T cells provide a reliable source of autologous APC to expand a rare population of neoantigen-specific T cells in TILs.

5.
Eye (Lond) ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the association between fibulin-1(FBLN1) and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). METHOD: The plasma FBLN1 levels were measured in 80 participants, including 30 active TAO patients, 25 inactive TAO patients, and 25 Graves disease (GD) patients without TAO using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: TAO patients had significantly higher TRAb level than GD patients (p < 0.05). The active TAO patients consumed more tobacco and had higher CAS than inactive TAO patients (all p < 0.05). No significant differences were found in age, sex, and the level of FT3, FT4, and TSH between TAO and GD patients, and between the active and inactive TAO patients (all p > 0.05). The plasma FBLN1 level in TAO patients was higher than that in GD patients, and that in active patients was higher than that in inactive patients (all p < 0.05). Furthermore, the plasma FBLN1 level showed strong association with clinical activity score (CAS) of TAO (r = 0.67, p < 0.01). By receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, FBLN1 demonstrated good efficiency for predicting disease activity at the cut-off value > 625.33 pg/ml with a sensitivity of 93.3% and a specificity of 88.0% (AUC:0.92, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The plasma FBLN1 levels correlated with TAO activity and a value >625.33 pg/ml was associated with active disease. Our results suggest that the plasma FBLN1 level could be a novel biomarker for predicting disease activity of TAO.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429882

RESUMO

Manual materials handling (MMH) contributes to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the workplace. The development and recovery of muscle fatigue are essential in work/rest arrangements for MMH tasks. A pulling experiment, including a muscle fatigue test and a muscle fatigue recovery test, was conducted. In the muscle fatigue test, the participant performed a pulling task on a treadmill with a walking velocity of 1 km/h until they could no longer do so. The load was either 30 or 45 kg. The maximum endurance time (MET) was recorded. The pull strength (PS) of the participant both before and after the pulling task was measured. The subjective ratings of muscle fatigue after the pulling task were recorded. In the muscle fatigue recovery test, the participant took a rest after performing the pulling task. The participants reported their subjective ratings of muscle fatigue on the CR-10 scale after taking a rest for a time period t, where t = 1, 2,…, 6 min. The PS of the participant was then measured again. It was found that the load significantly affected the MET for pulling tasks. The load was insignificant to the decrease of the PS, but was significant to the decrease rate (PS decrease per min) of the PS. The PS decrease rate for the 45 kg condition (30.8 ± 16.5 N/min) was significantly higher (p < 0.05) than that of the 30 kg condition (15.4 ± 5.5 N/min). The recovery time significantly affected the PS and CR-10. Two MET models were established to explore the development of muscle fatigue in pulling tasks. A PS model was constructed to describe the recovery of muscle force. A CR-10 model was proposed to show the subjective ratings of recovery. These models are beneficial for determining the work/rest allowance for pulling tasks.


Assuntos
Fadiga Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Humanos , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Caminhada/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Local de Trabalho
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1023801, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439456

RESUMO

Purpose: To search for adaptive response molecules that affect the efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), analyze their clinical correlation with and prognostic value for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and explore their impact on cell biological behavior and their mechanisms of action. Methods: HCC tissue gene sequencing was used to identify differentially expressed genes. The expression of proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) in the serum of 117 patients with HCC who received TACE was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum-free medium mimicked TACE-induced nutrient deprivation. Cells with stable knockdown of PRG4 (shPRG4) were constructed to verify the effect and mechanism of PRG4 on the biological behavior of HCC cells in vitro. Results: The expression of PRG4 was significantly elevated under TACE-induced starvation conditions. Low PRG4 expression was associated with worse response to TACE treatment, shorter survival time, and stronger HCC migration ability. Furthermore, in vitro experiments showed that knockdown of PRG4 promoted HCC cell migration by enhancing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) while did not affect proliferation. When PRG4 expression was low, starvation treatment impaired the migratory ability of HCC cells and reduced the chemosensitivity of HCC cells to epirubicin. Conclusions: PRG4 expression predicts survival and TACE treatment response in patients with HCC. Furthermore, knockdown of PRG4 enhanced EMT, leading to HCC cell migration. PRG4 may serve as a biomarker for HCC patients receiving TACE.

8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 977462, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276129

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of TACE combined with sorafenib and TACE combined with 125I seed implantation in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) combined with arterioportal fistulas (APFs), and discuss the efficacy and safety of TACE combined with 125I seed implantation. Patients and methods: Between January 2017 and December 2018, the clinical data of patients with HCC complicated with PVTT and APFs who were admitted to the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, and Henan Provincial People's Hospital were prospectively collected. The patients were divided into the TACE+sorafenib (TACE-S) group based on their treatment willingness. There were 26 and 32 patients in the TACE-S and TACE-125I groups, respectively. Both groups of patients underwent APFs occlusion during TACE therapy. The embolization effect of APFs was observed and recorded in the two groups, the efficacy of intrahepatic lesions and PVTT was evaluated, and the effects of different treatment methods on the efficacy were analysed. Results: All patients completed the 3 months follow-up. The improvement rates of APFs in TACE-S and TACE-125I groups were 30.77% (8/26) and 68.75% (22/32), respectively, and difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 8.287, P=0.004). The median survival time of TACE-S and TACE-125I groups was 8.00 months and 12.8 months, respectively (χ2 = 7.106, P=0.008). Multivariate analysis showed that the PVTT subtype (IIa/IIb) and treatment method (TACE-S or TACE-125I) were independent factors affecting the recanalization of APFs in patients (P<0.05). Conclusion: For patients with HCC with PVTT and APFs, TACE combined with 125I seed implantation can effectively treat portal vein tumor thrombus, thereby reducing the recanalization of APFs and prolonging the survival time of patients.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(10): 4716-4724, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224157

RESUMO

According to the positioning experiment of straw returning in the continuous field 7a, the effects of straw returning combined with chemical fertilizer on soil total organic carbon (TOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC), labile organic carbon (LOC), carbon pool management index (CPMI), and crop yield in farmland soil profiles (0-20, 20-50, and 50-80 cm) in the Chaohu Lake area were studied. There were four treatments:no straw returning+no fertilization (CK), conventional fertilization (F), straw returning+conventional fertilization (SF1), and straw returning+80% conventional fertilization (SF2). The changes in soil total organic carbon and component content, CPMI, and rape rice yield in different soil layers were analyzed. Taking CK as a reference, conventional fertilization and straw returning combined with chemical fertilizer increased the content of total organic carbon and components in the soil vertical profile, and the content of total organic carbon and components in different soil layers decreased gradually with the increase in soil depth. In the 0-20 cm soil layer, compared with that in the F treatment, the SF1 and SF2 treatments significantly increased the contents of TOC, DOC, POC, and LOC by 14.23%-28.97%, 7.86%-27.01%, 16.46%-24.24%, and 5.89%-6.64%, respectively (P<0.05). In the 20-50 cm soil layer, the contents of TOC and LOC in SF1 were significantly increased by 9.43% and 8.34%, respectively, compared with those in the F treatment (P<0.05), and the contents of DOC and POC in SF2 were significantly increased by 17.51% and 65.83% compared with those in the F treatment (P<0.05). In the 50-80 cm soil layer, there was no significant difference in the contents of total organic carbon and components among the treatments. The effect of straw returning and chemical fertilizer on the soil carbon pool management index was significant. SF1 significantly improved the CPMI of the 0-50 cm soil layer compared with that in the F treatment, whereas the CPMI of the F treatment was the largest in the 50-80 cm soil layer; however, there was no significant difference among all treatments. Straw returning combined with chemical fertilizer had a significant effect on crop yield, and the yield of the SF1 treatment was the highest; compared with that of the F treatment, the rice, rape, and annual yields were significantly increased by 6.19%, 7.67%, and 6.54%, respectively (P<0.05). In general, straw returning combined with chemical fertilizer was of great significance to improve the soil carbon pool, soil fertility, and crop yield in the Chaohu Lake area.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Oryza , Agricultura , Carbono/análise , China , Solo/química
11.
Front Immunol ; 13: 896310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36238275

RESUMO

To prevent SARS-CoV-2 infections and generate long-lasting immunity, vaccines need to generate strong viral-specific B and T cell responses. Previous results from our lab and others have shown that immunizations in the presence of an OX40 agonist antibody lead to higher antibody titers and increased numbers of long-lived antigen-specific CD4 and CD8 T cells. Using a similar strategy, we explored the effect of OX40 co-stimulation in a prime and boost vaccination scheme using an adjuvanted SARS-CoV-2 spike protein vaccine in C57BL/6 mice. Our results show that OX40 engagement during vaccination significantly increases long-lived antibody responses to the spike protein. In addition, after immunization spike protein-specific proliferation was greatly increased for both CD4 and CD8 T cells, with enhanced, spike-specific secretion of IFN-γ and IL-2. Booster (3rd injection) immunizations combined with an OX40 agonist (7 months post-prime) further increased vaccine-specific antibody and T cell responses. Initial experiments assessing a self-amplifying mRNA (saRNA) vaccine encoding the spike protein antigen show a robust antigen-specific CD8 T cell response. The saRNA spike-specific CD8 T cells express high levels of GrzmB, IFN-γ and TNF-α which was not observed with protein immunization and this response was further increased by the OX40 agonist. Similar to protein immunizations the OX40 agonist also increased vaccine-specific CD4 T cell responses. In summary, this study compares and contrasts the effects and benefits of both protein and saRNA vaccination and the extent to which an OX40 agonist enhances and sustains the immune response against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Animais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Interleucina-2 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Mensageiro , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 961394, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249011

RESUMO

Objective: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with apatinib plus PD-1 inhibitors (TACE-AP) compared with TACE combined with apatinib (TACE-A) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to explore the prognostic factors affecting patient survival. Methods: Data from patients with unresectable HCC who received TACE-AP or TACE-A from December 2018 to June 2021 were collected retrospectively. The main outcome of the study was overall survival (OS) and prognostic factors affecting survival, while the secondary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), the objective response rate (ORR), and treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was used to reduce patient selection bias, and the random survival forest (RF) model was employed to explore prognostic factors affecting patient survival. Results: We enrolled 216 patients, including 148 and 68 patients in the TACE-A and TACE-AP groups, respectively. A total of 59 pairs of patients were matched using PSM analysis. Before and after PSM, the OS, PFS, and ORR in the TACE-AP group were significantly higher than in the TACE-A group (before, OS: 22.5 months vs. 12.8 months, P < 0.001; PFS: 6.7 months vs. 4.3 months, P < 0.001; ORR: 63.2% vs. 34.5%, P < 0.001; after, OS: 22.5 months vs. 12.0 months, P < 0.001; PFS: 6.7 months vs. 4.3 months, P < 0.001; ORR: 62.7% vs. 30.5%, P = 0.003). Multivariate Cox regression and RF models before and after PSM analysis revealed that the main prognostic factors affecting survival were tumor number, portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) invasion, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, total bilirubin (TBIL) level, and treatment. There was no significant difference in TRAEs between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with TACE-A, TACE-AP significantly improved OS, PFS, and ORR in patients with advanced HCC. The number of tumors, PVTT invasion, AFP levels, TBIL level, and treatment were significant prognostic factors associated with patient survival. All observed TRAEs were mild and controllable.

13.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1014653, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36212404

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between plasma arginase-1 (ARG1) and early transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) refractoriness in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and develop nomograms for predicting early TACE refractoriness. Methods: A total of 200 patients with HCC, treated with TACE, were included in the study, including 120 in the training set and 80 in the validation set. Pre-treatment enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detected the plasma ARG1 levels of the patient, and independent predictors of early TACE refractoriness were determined using a multivariate logistic regression model, based on which a predictive model was developed using a nomogram. Results: Risk of early TACE refractoriness was negatively correlated with plasma ARG1 levels, and multivariate logistic analysis showed tumour size (OR = 1.138, 95% CI = 1.006-1.288, P = 0.041), multiple tumors (OR=4.374, 95% CI = 1.189-16.089, P = 0.026), platelet count (OR = 0.990, 95% CI = 0.980-0.999, P = 0.036), and plasma ARG1 levels (OR = 0.209, 95% CI = 0.079-0.551, P = 0.002) to be independent prognostic factors for early TACE refractoriness.The AUC value for the nomogram of the training cohort was 0.786 (95% CI = 0.702-0.870), and the validation set AUC value was 0.833 (95% CI = 0.791-0.875).The decision curve analysis suggested that the nomogram had good clinical utility. Conclusion: High plasma ARG1 expression was associated with a lower incidence of early TACE refractoriness. The nomogram constructed based on four independent prognostic factors could facilitate an individualised prediction of the incidence of early TACE refractoriness.

14.
Theranostics ; 12(15): 6665-6681, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185610

RESUMO

Rationale: Although stapled peptides offer a powerful solution to overcome the susceptibility of linear peptides to proteolytic degradation and improve their ability to cross membranes, an efficient and durable disease treatment strategy has not yet been developed due to the inevitable elimination of peptide inhibitors and rapid accumulation of target proteins. Methods: Herein we developed stapled peptide-based proteolysis-targeting chimeras (SP-PROTACs), that simultaneously exhibited improved cellular uptake and proteolytic stability attributed to the stapled peptides, and efficient target protein degradation promoted by the PROTACs. Based on the PMI peptide with dual specificity for both MDM2 and MDMX, a series of SP-PROTACs were designed. Results: Among them, the optimized SPMI-HIF2-1 exhibited similar binding affinity with MDM2 and MDMX but obviously higher helical contents, improved proteolytic stability, better cellular permeability, and a better pharmacokinetic profile compared with its linear counterpart. Importantly, SPMI-HIF2-1 could effectively kill cancer cells and inhibit tumor progression in subcutaneous and orthotopic colorectal cancer xenograft models through simultaneously promoting the atypical degradation of both MDM2 and MDMX and durable p53 activation. An FP-based binding assay and structural modeling analysis of the ternary complex suggested that SPMI-HIF2-1 simultaneously bound with the target protein and E3 ligase. Conclusion: Our findings not only provide a new class of anticancer drug candidates, but also bridge the gap and reduce the physical distance between peptides and PROTACs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
15.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 235, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151558

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ocular hypertension (OHT) is an important clinical feature of thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO).While the prevalence and outcome of OHT in TAO remains unclear. This study investigates this in moderate-severe active TAO. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with active moderate-severe TAO were recruited, 49 of whom were treated with 12-week GC therapy.The clinical and biochemical parameters were collected.Treatment outcomes were evaluated after GC therapy. RESULTS: The prevalence of OHT was 44.85% in moderate-severe active TAO patients,including 81.97% of mild hypertension, 13.11% of moderate hypertension and 4.92% of severe hypertension. Clinical and biochemical parameters had no significant difference between OHT patients and non-OHT patients,such as age, sex distributions, smoking status, the kind and the duration of thyroid disease,the duration of eye symptoms and the level of FT3,FT4,TSH, TR-Ab, and Tpo-Ab, Tg-Ab(all P > 0.05). After GC therapy,the intraocular pressure(IOP) in OHT eyes decreased significantly (P < 0.05), while IOP in non-OHT eyes remained unchanged (P > 0.05).There was no significant difference in CAS and the effective rate of GC therapy between OHT eyes and non-OHT eyes (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: In moderate-severe active TAO, the prevalence of OHT was 44.85%, most of which were mild hypertension.OHT was relieved by GC therapy,which had no effect on the efficacy of GC therapy.Our results will enhance physicians' confidence in GC therapy.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves , Hipertensão , Hipertensão Ocular , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Oftalmopatia de Graves/complicações , Oftalmopatia de Graves/tratamento farmacológico , Oftalmopatia de Graves/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Ocular/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Ocular/epidemiologia , Tireotropina
16.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139277

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long been demonstrated to exert a therapeutic effect on various diseases and has been used as a substitute for antibiotics in pig production. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between the intestinal microbiota and apparent nutrient digestibility when weaned piglet diets are supplemented with TCM. One hundred and sixty-two 25-day-old weaning piglets were housed in an environmentally controlled nursery facility and fed a basal diet (control group, n = 54) or a TCM complex (Fructus mume 1%, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi 3%) (TCM group, n = 54), or a fermented diet with a complex of these two TCMs (F-TCM group, n = 54). Compared with the control group, in the TCM and F-TCM groups, the average daily gain (ADG) increased (p < 0.05), the F:G ratio and diarrhea rate decreased (p < 0.05), and the apparent digestibility of dry matter (DM) and ether extract (EE) of weaned piglets increased (p < 0.05). Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes were the predominant phyla, representing approximately 95% of all sequences. The abundance of four genera and 10 OTUs (belonging to Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014, Lachnoclostridium, Prevotellaceae_NK3B31 group, Prevotella_1) were negatively correlated with apparent EE digestibility (p < 0.05). The results suggest that weaned piglets fed with antibiotic-free diets supplemented with Fructus mume and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi gained more weight and were healthier. When added to the diet, the complex of these two TCMs may have a direct impact on apparent EE digestibility by modifying the gut microbial composition, which favors the health of weaned piglets.

17.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139286

RESUMO

This study investigates the effects of an encapsulated organic acid and essential oil mixture (OAEO) on the growth performance, immuno-antioxidant capacity and intestinal health of weaned piglets. In total, 120 weaned piglets (23 days of age; 6.96 ± 0.08 kg) were randomly allotted to four treatments (six replicates/group; five piglets/replicate): the control group (CON) was fed the basal diet (BD), the antibiotic growth promoters group (AGP) received the BD with 20 mg/kg colistin sulphate and 10 mg/kg bacitracin zinc, and OAEO1 and OAEO2 were fed the BD with 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg OAEO, respectively. The trial lasted 21 days and then one piglet per replicate was selected for sample collection. OAEO increased the average daily gain, spleen index, serum interleukin (IL)-10, immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgA levels; serum superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities; and jejunal villus height (VH), VH/crypt depth, goblet cell number, and amylase and trypsin activities (p < 0.05) compared with CON but reduced the diarrhea rate, serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, malondialdehyde (MDA), and D-lactic acid contents and diamine oxidase (DAO) activity (p < 0.05). OAEO also increased the jejunal zonula occludens-1, occludin, claudin-1, mucin-2, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), GPX and IL-10 mRNA levels, GPX activity and IL-10 content (p < 0.05) compared with CON but reduced jejunal MDA, IL-1ß and TNF-α contents and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, nuclear factor (NF)-κB and TNF-α mRNA levels (p < 0.05). In addition, AGP increased ADG, serum IgA level and GPX activity, jejunal trypsin activity and IL-10 content and mRNA level (p < 0.05) compared with CON but reduced the serum TNF-α content and DAO activity and jejunal NF-κB mRNA level (p < 0.05). Overall, OAEO as an alternative to AGP improved the growth performance, immuno-antioxidant status and gut health of weaned piglets partly via activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway and suppressing the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

18.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851221128213, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies about lung ground-glass nodules (GGNs) have been done using non-enhancement spectral computed tomography (CT) imaging. PURPOSE: To examine the association between spectral CT parameters, Ki-67 expression, and invasiveness in lung adenocarcinoma manifesting as GGNs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Spectral CT parameters were analyzed in 106 patients with lung GGNs. The Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67 LI) was measured, and patients were divided into low expression and high expression groups according to the number of positive-stained cells (low expression ≤10%; high expression >10%). Spectral CT parameters were compared between low and high expression groups. The correlation between spectral CT parameters and Ki-67 LI was estimated by Spearman correlation analysis. Cases were divided into a preinvasive and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) group (atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, adenocarcinoma in situ, and MIA) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IA) group. Spectral CT parameters were compared between the two groups. The diagnostic performance was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: There were significant differences in water concentration of lesions (WCL) and monochromatic CT values between the low and high expression groups. CT 40 keV had the highest correlation coefficient with Ki-67 LI. WCL and monochromatic CT values were significantly higher in the IA group than in the pre/MIA group. The value of area under the curve of CT 40 keV was 0.946 (95% confidence interval=0.905-0.988) for differentiating the two groups; the cutoff was -280.66 Hu. CONCLUSION: Spectral CT is an effective non-invasive method for the prediction of proliferation and invasiveness in lung adenocarcinoma manifesting as GGNs.

19.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 994065, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147972

RESUMO

Background: Not all adolescents who have endured childhood trauma will develop depressive symptom, nor will they all experience the same level of depressive symptom. According to previous research, cognitive emotion regulation strategies may explain a portion of the variance. Observe the connection between childhood trauma and depressive symptom and investigate whether cognitive emotion regulation strategies mediate or moderate this association. Methods: In October 2019, a cross-sectional study measuring childhood trauma, cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and depressive symptom among Zhuang adolescents was done in one senior high school and two junior highs in Chongzuo, Guangxi, China, using a self-report questionnaire. To examine the hypothesis of mediating and moderating effects, SPSS PROCESS was utilized. Results: In this study, there was a positive relationship between childhood trauma and depressive symptom, whereas there were positive correlations between expressive suppression and childhood trauma and depressive symptom (r = 0.380, 0.246, and 0.089, respectively, p < 0.01). The 5,000-sample bootstrap procedure revealed that the indirect relationship between the independent variable (childhood trauma or emotional abuse) and the dependent variable (depressive symptom) was statistically significant (ß = 0.0154 95% CI: 0.0019, 0.0165, ß = 0.0442 95% CI: 0.0008, 0.0117). The statistical significance of the interaction effect enhanced the R-square value of the moderating effect when the independent variable was the total childhood trauma score (ΔR2 = 0.0044, 0.0089). Conclusions: Our findings corroborated the conclusion of prior research that cognitive emotion regulation strategies mediate and moderate the development of depressive symptom. Although we demonstrate that cognitive emotion regulation strategies play a mediating and moderating role in the relationships between childhood trauma and depressive symptom, the mediating effects on the relationships between the other types of childhood traumas, including physical abuse and neglect, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, and depressive symptom, did not emerge.

20.
Med Oncol ; 39(12): 207, 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175594

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) THOR is highly conserved and expressed in various human cancer tissues, although its potential role and underlying mechanism in endometrial cancer (EC) remain unknown. This study aims to explore THOR's biological function and molecular mechanism in EC progression. THOR expression in EC tissues and cell lines was detected by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization (ISH). THOR expression based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and clinical sample analyses was significantly higher in EC tissues than normal tissues, and higher THOR levels were closely associated with poor overall survival in EC. Additionally, a positive correlation between ISH-detected THOR expression and pathological grade was observed. CCK-8, colony formation, and transwell migration and invasion assays revealed that THOR significantly enhances the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of EC cells. Moreover, IGF2BP1 protein expression and ERK and AKT protein phosphorylation levels in EC cells increased significantly with THOR overexpression in EC cells. In conclusion, our findings suggest that THOR promotes EC cell growth and invasion, and IGF2BP1-mediated AKT and ERK signaling pathways activation might be involved. Clinically, THOR is significantly expressed in EC, and high THOR expression correlates with poor prognosis, making it a potential prognostic marker for EC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Sincalida
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