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1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 78-81, 2023 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of the thickness of mixed cardboard on the compressive strength of glass ionomer cement and the associated factors. METHODS: Three different types of glass ionomer cements were mixed on the top of 60, 40, 20 and 1 pieces of paper (P60, P40, P20 and P1), respectively. The compressive strength of the materials was tested after solidification, and the bubble rate was calculated with the assistance of scanning electron microscope. RESULTS: (1) Compressive strength: ① ChemFil Superior glass ionomer (CF): The average compressive strength of P1 group was the highest, which was significantly different from that of P40 and P60 groups (P values were 0.041 and 0.032 respectively); ② To Fuji IX GP glass ionomer (IX): The average compressive strength of P1 group was the highest, which was statistically different from that of P40 and P60 groups (P values were 0.042 and 0.038 respectively); ③ Glaslonomer FX-Ⅱ glass ionomer cement (FX): The average compressive strength of P1 group was the highest, which was statistically different from that of P20, P40 and P60 groups (P values were 0.031, 0.040 and 0.041 respectively), but there was no statistical difference among the other groups. All the three materials showed that the compressive strength of glass ions gradually increased with the decrease of the thickness of the blended paperboard, and the two materials had a highly linear negative correlation, the correlation coefficients of which were CF-0.927, IX-0.989, FX-0.892, respectively. (2) Scanning electron microscope: P1 group had the least bubbles among the three materials. CONCLUSION: It indicates that the thickness of mixed cardboard has a negative correlation with the compressive strength of glass ions. The thicker the mixed cardboard is, the greater the elasticity is. Excessive elasticity will accelerate the mixing speed when the grinding glass ions. Studies have shown that the faster the speed of artificial mixing is, the more bubbles is produced.The thicker ther mixed cardboard is, the more bubblesn are generated by glass ionomer cement, and the higher the compressive strength is. Using one piece of paper board to mix glass ionomer cement has the least bubbles and can obtain higher compressive strength.


Assuntos
Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Dióxido de Silício , Força Compressiva , Teste de Materiais
2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 52(1): 31-36, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617903

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of pathological diagnosis and genetic abnormalities detection of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) using endoscopic biopsy. Methods: Patients with GIST diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy (from January 1st, 2016 to August 1st, 2018, at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University) were included in this study. This retrospective study evaluated the histopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features, genetic abnormalities of the tumors and the treatment and clinical course of the patients. Results: Totally 4 095 cases of GIST were collected, among which 67 patients (67/4 095, 1.6%) underwent endoscopic biopsy. Forty-eight patients (71.6%) were male and 19 (28.4%) were female, with a mean age of 61 years (range 31-90 years). Fifty-nine lesions were located in stomach and eight in duodenum. Of all the 67 cases, 47 were spindle type, 14 were epithelioid type, and 6 mixed type. IHC staining showed the positive rates were 100.0% (64/64) for DOG1, 98.4% (62/63) for CD117, 87.5% (56/64) for CD34, 3.6% (2/56) for S-100 protein, 12.1% (7/58) for α-SMA, 12.3% (7/57) for desmin and 4.0% (2/50) for CKpan. Morphologically, 34 cases were malignant; three cases (all epithelioid type) were originally misdiagnosed as poorly differentiated carcinoma; missed-diagnosis were found in four cases (spindle type) due to the insufficient diagnostic tumor cells. The genetic abnormality detection rate in the biopsy tissue was 38.8% (26/67),among them two patients were lost to follow up after biopsy, 33 patients received surgical resection, 16 cases underwent operation after neoadjuvant therapy and 16 patients with advanced disease underwent continuous imatinib therapy, with the genetic testing rate of 6.1% (2/33), 10/16 and 14/16, respectively. Conclusions: Endoscopic biopsy is a useful but rare method for the preoperative diagnosis of GIST. For majority of biopsy, accurate pathological diagnosis and auxiliary examination can be completed to guide clinical treatment. A thorough history in combination with endoscopic finding is essential to avoid misdiagnosis (epithelioid type) and missed diagnosis (spindle type) in suspicious cases. Genetic testing should be recommended in patients who will undergo targeted therapy after endoscopic biopsy, and it can provide valuable information and guidance for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Biópsia , Proteínas S100
3.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 37-43, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631056

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of bleomycin lavage combined with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue embolization and resection in the treatment of orbital vascular malformations. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. Patients with orbital vascular malformations diagnosed at the Ophthalmology Division of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to October 2021 were included and divided into exophthalmos group and non-exophthalmos group based on whether the patients had postural exophthalmos. Intralesional bleomycin injection and N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue embolization were performed. The preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, the dosages of bleomycin and isobutyl cyanoacrylate glue, pathological results, imaging findings and remission rate were recorded and analyzed. The Chi-square test, Wilcoxon signed rank analysis and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 58 patients (58 eyes)were included, and there were 22 males (37.9%) and 36 females (62.1%). Nineteen (32.8%) patients had postural exophthalmos, and 39 (67.2%) patients did not suffer postural exophthalmos. The patient's age of the two groups was 39.0 (28.0, 54.5) years vs. 14.0 (5.7, 26.5) years, with a statistically significant difference (Z=-3.96, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in gender, eye laterality, follow-up time and the disease course between the two groups (all P>0.05). During the operation, the dosage of bleomycin was 15 000 (13 500, 15 000) U in the exophthalmos group, and 15 000 (9 000, 16 500) U in the non-exophthalmos group (Z=-0.70, P=0.944). The dosages of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue were 2.8 (1.0, 3.0) ml and 1.7 (1.0, 2.2) ml, respectively, in the two groups, with no significant difference (Z=-1.11, P=0.268). There was no visual impairment in both groups, while the visual acuity in 5 patients without postural exophthalmos was improved postoperatively. The imaging examination results showed no difference in the malformed vascular area before and after the treatment in the exophthalmos group [384.0 (329.0, 458.0) mm2 vs. 330.5 (271.6, 356.7) mm2; Z=-1.26, P=0.208], but a significantly decreased area after the treatment in the non-exophthalmos group [960.8 (822.1, 1058.3) mm2 vs. 311.6 (164.6, 361.6) mm2; Z=-2.67, P=0.008]. All patients had no obvious local or systemic adverse reactions during the follow-up. The pathology reports showed vascular malformations in all 15 specimens obtained from the exophthalmos group, as well as vascular malformations in 41.0% (16/39) of specimens and venous lymphatic malformations in 59.0% (23/39) of specimens from the non-exophthalmos group. Thirty-nine patients had complete remission (67.2%), 19 patients had partial remission (32.8%), and the effective treatment rate was 100%. Conclusion: Bleomycin lavage combined with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue embolization can achieve good therapeutic effects on orbital vascular malformations.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Embucrilato , Exoftalmia , Doenças Orbitárias , Malformações Vasculares , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Embucrilato/uso terapêutico , Embucrilato/efeitos adversos , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Doenças Orbitárias/terapia , Exoftalmia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Malformações Vasculares/terapia
4.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1021940, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531005

RESUMO

The presence of somatic mutations, previously identified in cancers, are being increasingly recognized in normal tissues. While the role of microenvironment (ME) in tumor progression is well understood, the changes that occur in the microenvironment of normal tissues that harbor somatic mutations has not been systematically studied. Here, using normal RNA-Seq data accrued from 6544 samples across 27 tissue types from Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project, we studied the association of microenvironmental changes in the presence of somatic clonal expansions of previously implicated cancer genes. We focused our analysis on skin and esophagus since they have the highest number of samples and mutation burden together. We observed changes in microenvironmental cell-types previously implicated in tumor progression including endothelial cells, epithelial cells, pericytes, fibroblasts, chondrocytes, among others. The Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Transition (EMT) pathway is dysregulated in both skin and esophagus, along with increased hypoxia scores in samples with clonal expansions. These results suggest that microenvironmental changes play an important role in clonal expansions and potentially the initiating stages of cancer progression. Studying these changes may provide new avenues for early intervention of cancer, for targeted therapies, or enhance activities of conventional therapies.

5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(12): 1850-1854, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36536577

RESUMO

To explore the clinical diagnostic efficacy of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis (AAV) by comparing the consistency and coincidence rate of serum anti-myeloperoxidase (MPO) antibody and anti-protease 3 (PR3) antibody detected by digital liquid chip method (DLCM) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To provide reference for the selection of detection methods of anti-MPO antibody and anti-PR3 antibody in clinical laboratory. This study is a cross-sectional study, a total of 307 cases of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were detected in the Department of Clinical Immunology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January to March 2021. The serum samples and related clinical information were collected. At the same time, the levels of anti-MPO antibody and anti-PR3 antibody in serum samples were detected by ELISA and DLCM, indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) was used to re-test the differential samples between the two methods. SPSS 26.0 was used to analyze the test results, Cohen's kappa coefficient analysis was used to compare the consistency of the two methods, and paired chi-square test was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the two methods to AAV. The results showed that the positive cases of anti-MPO antibody detected by ELISA and DLCM were 63 and 44, and the negative cases were 244 and 263; the positive cases of anti-PR3 antibody detected by ELISA and DLCM were 34 and 28, and the negative cases were 273 and 279. The results of anti-MPO antibody and anti-PR3 antibody detected by the two methods had good consistency and coincidence rate, in which the total coincidence rate of anti-MPO antibody was 92.51%, the positive coincidence rate was 66.67%, and the negative coincidence rate was 99.18%. The results of consistency analysis showed that kappa=0.741 had well consistency. The total coincidence rate of anti-PR3 antibody is 96.74%, the positive coincidence rate is 76.47%, and the negative coincidence rate is 99.27%. The consistency analysis results show that kappa=0.821 had strong consistency. The results of IIF re-test of differential samples showed that the coincidence rate between DLCM and IIF was higher. The results of comparative analysis of anti-MPO antibody and anti-PR3 antibody showed that the specificity of DLCM was better than that of ELISA, and its sensitivity was lower than that of ELISA. In conclusion, the results of anti-MPO antibody and anti-PR3 antibody detected by DLCM were consistent with those of ELISA. In the combined detection of anti-MPO antibody and anti-PR3 antibody, the specificity of DLCM is better than that of ELISA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Humanos , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/análise , Mieloblastina , Estudos Transversais , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos
6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(22): 221301, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493436

RESUMO

We present improved germanium-based constraints on sub-GeV dark matter via dark matter-electron (χ-e) scattering using the 205.4 kg·day dataset from the CDEX-10 experiment. Using a novel calculation technique, we attain predicted χ-e scattering spectra observable in high-purity germanium detectors. In the heavy mediator scenario, our results achieve 3 orders of magnitude of improvement for m_{χ} larger than 80 MeV/c^{2} compared to previous germanium-based χ-e results. We also present the most stringent χ-e cross-section limit to date among experiments using solid-state detectors for m_{χ} larger than 90 MeV/c^{2} with heavy mediators and m_{χ} larger than 100 MeV/c^{2} with electric dipole coupling. The result proves the feasibility and demonstrates the vast potential of a new χ-e detection method with high-purity germanium detectors in ultralow radioactive background.


Assuntos
Eletricidade , Elétrons
7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(22): 221802, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493447

RESUMO

A search for exotic dark matter (DM) in the sub-GeV mass range has been conducted using 205 kg day data taken from a p-type point contact germanium detector of the CDEX-10 experiment at China's Jinping underground laboratory. New low-mass dark matter searching channels, neutral current fermionic DM absorption (χ+A→ν+A) and DM-nucleus 3→2 scattering (χ+χ+A→ϕ+A), have been analyzed with an energy threshold of 160 eVee. No significant signal was found; thus new limits on the DM-nucleon interaction cross section are set for both models at the sub-GeV DM mass region. A cross section limit for the fermionic DM absorption is set to be 2.5×10^{-46} cm^{2} (90% C.L.) at DM mass of 10 MeV/c^{2}. For the DM-nucleus 3→2 scattering scenario, limits are extended to DM mass of 5 and 14 MeV/c^{2} for the massless dark photon and bound DM final state, respectively.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular , Fótons
8.
J Hosp Infect ; 131: 99-106, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36415016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) after gastrectomy has received increasing attention. Prophylactic incisional wound irrigation has been advocated to reduce SSI, but the choice of solution remains under debate. AIMS: To compare the efficacies of wound irrigation with normal saline (NS) and povidone-iodine (PVI) for the prevention of SSI after gastrectomy, and to identify the risk factors for SSI. METHODS: This randomized, single-centre clinical trial included 340 patients with gastric cancer. They were assigned at random into two groups (ratio 1:1) to receive either 0.9% NS or 1.0% PVI solution for incisional irrigation before wound closure. The primary endpoint was postoperative SSI within 30 days of gastrectomy, and the secondary endpoint was the length of hospital stay. FINDINGS: In total, 333 patients were included in the modified intent-to-treat group, and the SSI rate did not differ significantly between the PVI group (11/167, 6.59%) and the NS group (9/166, 5.42%) [odds ratio (OR) 1.131, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.459-3.712; P=0.655]. Moreover, the difference between the two groups in terms of length of hospital stay was not significant (P=0.301). Body mass index (BMI) (OR 2.639, 95% CI 1.040-6.694; P=0.041) and postoperative complications (OR 2.565, 95% CI 1.023-6.431; P=0.045) were identified as independent risk factors for SSI. CONCLUSIONS: NS and PVI had similar efficacy as prophylactic wound irrigation for the prevention of SSI after gastrectomy. The risk of SSI was higher in patients with high BMI or postoperative complications.

9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(21): 7960-7966, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between scoliosis direction and oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) operation channel angle in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 80 cases of degenerative lumbar scoliosis and 40 cases of lumbar degenerative diseases without scoliosis were retrospectively studied in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2021. The general data and imaging indexes of all patients were analyzed, and the correlation between the rotation angle of vertebral body and the channel angle of OLIF operation was evaluated. RESULTS: The distance between abdominal aorta and psoas muscle in L2-3 and L3-4 segments, and the distance between abdominal aorta and lumbar sympathetic trunk in L3-4 segments, as well as the angles of OLIF operation channels in L2-3, L3-4 and L4-5 segments of the right-scoliosis group were all significantly greater than those in the no-scoliosis group (p < 0.05). The distance between abdominal aorta and lumbar sympathetic trunk in L4-5 segments of the left-scoliosis group was significantly greater than that in the no-scoliosis group and the right-scoliosis group (p < 0.05). The angle of OLIF operation channel in L3-4 and L4-5 segments of the left-scoliosis group was significantly smaller than that in the non-scoliosis group (p < 0.05), and the distance between psoas major and transverse axis of vertebral body in L2-3 and L3-4 segments of the left-scoliosis group was significantly greater than that in the non-scoliosis group (p < 0.05). The distance between adjacent vertebral bodies in L2-3 and L3-4 segments of the right-scoliosis group was significantly larger than that in the non-scoliosis group (p < 0.05). The distance between psoas major and transverse axis of vertebral body in L4-5 segment of the left-scoliosis group was significantly larger than that in the no-scoliosis group and the right-scoliosis group (p < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that there was a negative correlation between OLIF operation channel angle and vertebral rotation angle in the left scoliosis group (p < 0.05), and a positive correlation between OLIF operation channel angle and vertebral rotation angle in the right scoliosis group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The scoliosis direction of patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis can directly affect the angle of OLIF operation channel, so targeted design and operation adjustment should be given according to the scoliosis direction of patients before operation.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Rotação
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(21): 8022-8029, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between baseline atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and new-onset myocardial infarction (MI) in hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 2,281 participants were included in this analysis after strict adherence to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using multivariable Cox regression models. A generalized additive model was employed to determine nonlinear relationships. RESULTS: In multivariate-adjusted models, there was a positive association between AIP and new-onset MI (per SD increase; HR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.22-1.65). Smoothing curve fitting revealed a J-shaped association between AIP and new-onset MI, with a turning point of approximately -0.08. The addition of AIP to a model with established risk factors improved the C-index (p=0.007), integrated discrimination improvement (p=0.007), and continuous net reclassification improvement (p=0.027) for the new-onset MI. CONCLUSIONS: A J-shaped relationship was observed between AIP and new-onset MI.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Infarto do Miocárdio , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia
11.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 917-919, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348529

RESUMO

A 66-year-old woman presented with recurrent erythema, swelling and pain in her right eye. She had a history of extraction of the right upper second molar 5 months ago with subsequent development of an abscess which was incised and drained 4 months ago. Orbital CT scan revealed the formation of subperiosteal sinus cavity with an abscess in the right maxillary sinus and infraorbital foramen. The diagnosis was orbital honeycombing caused by odontogenic maxillary sinus septum infection. Utilizing the anterior lacrimal recess approach under nasal endoscope,incision and drainage of ocular abscess and debridement and drainage of right orbital abscess plus partial resection of the inner wall of the jaw were performed successfully with maxillary sinus septal drainage and maxillary sinus opening. The patient improved significantly after the operation.


Assuntos
Celulite Orbitária , Doenças Orbitárias , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Celulite Orbitária/complicações , Celulite Orbitária/diagnóstico , Celulite Orbitária/cirurgia , Abscesso/etiologia , Seio Maxilar , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos , Doenças Orbitárias/diagnóstico
12.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(11): 1103-1108, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344227

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of closed extension tube in preventing airway leakage during artificial airway clearance. Methods: The test lung was connected with a ventilator for mechanical ventilation. The pressure parameters were set as 16/5, 20/6, 24/7, 28/8, 32/9 and 36/10 cmH2O(1 cmH2O=0.098 kPa), respectively. The circuit was connected with an open extension tube or a closed extension tube. The ventilator was set with different pressure parameters to observe the changes of airway pressure and tidal volume during airway clearance. Results: (1) The pressure parameters were set as 16/5, 20/6, 24/7, 28/8, 32/9 and 36/10 cmH2O, and the airway pressures (in cmH2O) of circuit connected with open extension tube were (15.94±0.27)/(4.81±0.04), (20.09±0.23)/(6.05±0.16), (23.89±0.41)/(6.94±0.06), (27.90±0.22)/(7.71±0.18), (31.92±0.13)/(8.74±0.12)and(35.65±0.31)/(9.72±0.07), respectively.Under the same ventilator pressure parameters, the airway pressures (in cmH2O) of circuit connected with close extension tube were (16.36±0.06)/(4.85±0.04), (20.54±0.26)/(6.44±0.12), (24.36±0.24)/(7.01±0.33), (28.69±0.25)/(8.07±0.08), (32.97±0.33)/(8.93±0.09), (37.34±0.29)/(9.75±0.08), respectively. The airway pressure of circuit connected with open extension tube was lower than that connected with closed extension tube(P<0.05);with the increase of the pressure setting of the ventilator, the difference of the airway pressure between the two extended tubes gradually increased. When the maximum inspiratory pressure of the ventilator was set 36 cmH2O, the difference reached 1.69 cmH2O. (2) The airway pressures (in cmH2O) dropped from (15.94±0.27)/(4.81±0.04), (20.09±0.23)/(6.05±0.16), (23.89±0.41)/(6.94±0.06), (27.90±0.22)/(7.71±0.18), (31.92±0.13)/(8.74±0.12), (35.65±0.31)/(9.72±0.07) to (13.42±0.4)/(3.15±0.14), (16.81±0.6)/(4.30±0.14), (20.22±0.5)/(5.48±0.45), (23.73±1.4)/(6.25±0.22), (24.78±0.7)/(7.13±0.21), (20.83±0.4)/(6.61±0.19)when the suction port of the open extension tube was opened (P<0.05);and the tidal volume (in L) also decreased from 0.328±0.004, 0.580±0.012, 0.621±0.003, 0.626±0.003, 0.615±0.003, 0.603±0.002 to 0.272±0.008, 0.416±0.051, 0.487±0.047, 0.396±0.116, 0.507±0.022, 0.508±0.079, respectively (P<0.05). The decrease of airway pressure and tidal volume gradually increased with the increase of ventilator setting pressure. When the ventilator setting parameter was 36/10 cmH2O, the decrease of airway inspiratory pressure was (14.82±0.51) cmH2O and the maximum reduction of tidal volume was (0.164±0.021)L. (3)The airway pressure (in cmH2O) was increased to(15.70±0.23)/(4.80±0.33), (19.01±0.81)/(5.71±0.34), (22.27±0.62)/(6.85±0.44), (25.35±2.09)/(7.94±0.16), (28.38±0.46)/(8.96±0.23), (33.34±0.71)/(9.71±0.25) when the suction tube was inserted from the suction port of the open extension tube in the open state, and the tidal volume (in L) was increased to 0.340±0.016, 0.563±0.020, 0.571±0.030, 0.556±0.026, 0.514±0.021, 0.512±0.031 as well.The airway pressure and tidal volume of the ventilation circuit were higher than those in the open state, but still lower than those in the closed state. Compared with the closed state of the suction port, the maximum pressure drop and tidal volume decrease were (3.53±0.46) cmH2O and (0.101±0.011) L, respectively. (4) The pressure of the ventilator was set between 16/5 cmH2O to 36/10 cmH2O. The airway pressure (in cmH2O) was decreased from (16.26±0.04)/(4.85±0.04), (20.74±0.15)/(6.42±0.11), (25.09±0.31)/(7.10±0.13), (29.38±0.24)/(8.17±0.09), (33.80±0.16)/(9.02±0.17), (37.89±0.19)/(9.83±0.07) to(16.36±0.06)/(4.85±0.04), (20.54±0.26)/(6.44±0.12), (24.36±0.24)/(7.01±0.33), (28.69±0.25)/(8.07±0.08), (32.97±0.33)/(8.93±0.09), (37.34±0.29)/(9.75±0.08), respectively during the insertion of the suction tube from the suction port of the closed extension tube, and the tidal volume (in L) was decreased from0.361±0.005, 0.592±0.003, 0.631±0.001, 0.642±0.007, 0.633±0.007, 0.626±0.08 to 0.335±0.005, 0.588±0.008, 0.631±0.002, 0.638±0.004, 0.628±0.004, 0.618±0.005.The maximum pressure change of the ventilation circuit was (0.83±0.27) cm H2O and the maximum tidal volume change was (0.008±0.006)L. The changes of airway pressure and tidal volume were significantly lower than those of ventilation circuit connected with open extension tube under the same pressure parameters. Conclusion: The connection of closed extension tube in mechanical ventilation circuit can reduce the airway leakage during artificial airway clearance, which is worthy of clinical recommendation.


Assuntos
Respiração Artificial , Ventiladores Mecânicos , Ventiladores Mecânicos/efeitos adversos , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Sucção , Pressão
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326869

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The PET scanners with long axial field of view (AFOV) having ~ 20 times higher sensitivity than conventional scanners provide new opportunities for enhanced parametric imaging but suffer from the dramatically increased volume and complexity of dynamic data. This study reconstructed a high-quality direct Patlak Ki image from five-frame sinograms without input function by a deep learning framework based on DeepPET to explore the potential of artificial intelligence reducing the acquisition time and the dependence of input function in parametric imaging. METHODS: This study was implemented on a large AFOV PET/CT scanner (Biograph Vision Quadra) and twenty patients were recruited with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) dynamic scans. During training and testing of the proposed deep learning framework, the last five-frame (25 min, 40-65 min post-injection) sinograms were set as input and the reconstructed Patlak Ki images by a nested EM algorithm on the vendor were set as ground truth. To evaluate the image quality of predicted Ki images, mean square error (MSE), peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), and structural similarity index measure (SSIM) were calculated. Meanwhile, a linear regression process was applied between predicted and true Ki means on avid malignant lesions and tumor volume of interests (VOIs). RESULTS: In the testing phase, the proposed method achieved excellent MSE of less than 0.03%, high SSIM, and PSNR of ~ 0.98 and ~ 38 dB, respectively. Moreover, there was a high correlation (DeepPET: [Formula: see text]= 0.73, self-attention DeepPET: [Formula: see text]=0.82) between predicted Ki and traditionally reconstructed Patlak Ki means over eleven lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the deep learning-based method produced high-quality parametric images from small frames of projection data without input function. It has much potential to address the dilemma of the long scan time and dependency on input function that still hamper the clinical translation of dynamic PET.

15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(40): 3181-3185, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319171

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and risk factors of herpes zoster and the risk factors of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Methods: A total of 2 840 patients diagnosed with herpes zoster in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2021 to April 2022 were included. The patients with herpes zoster were aged (59±16), and of which 1 314 (46.3%) patients were male. The patients were divided into PHN group and non-PHN group according to whether the patients with herpes zoster developed PHN. And there were 442 (15.6%) patients developed PHN aged (68±12), and of which 189 (42.8%) were male. The information and medical history of PHN group and non-PHN group were collected. The information of the use of glucocorticoids, immunosuppressive agents, biological agents and targeted medicine within 2 months before herpes zoster occurred, history of surgery within 6 months before herpes zoster occurred, and the duration of PHN were collected. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of PHN. Results: Out of 2 840 patients, 2 056 (72.4%) with herpes zoster aged 50 years and above. Intercostal nerves was mostly involved in patients with herpes zoster, with a total of 1 532(53.9%). Hypertension (465 cases, 16.4%) accounted for the highest number of patients with chronic diseases, followed by diabetes (337 cases, 11.9%) and coronary heart disease (283 cases, 10.0%). Rheumatoid arthritis (41 cases, 1.4%) accounted for the highest number of patients with connective tissue diseases, followed by Sjogren's syndrome (31 cases, 1.1%), systemic lupus erythematosus (28 cases, 1.0%). Logistic regression analysis showed that age≥50 years old (OR: 4.581; 95%CI: 3.131-6.705),lesion on the upper limb and shoulder (OR: 1.858; 95%CI: 1.129-3.059), hypertension (OR: 1.963; 95%CI: 1.513-2.546) and immunosuppressive treatments (OR: 2.170; 95%CI: 1.254-3.753) were independent risk factors for PHN (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Herpes zoster mostly occurs in people aged 50 and above, and mainly affected intercostal nerves. The most common complications are hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis. Age≥50, lesion on upper limbs and shoulders, hypertension, and immunosuppressive treatments may be independent risk factors of PHN.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Herpes Zoster , Hipertensão , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/complicações , Herpes Zoster/complicações , Herpesvirus Humano 3 , Fatores de Risco , Hipertensão/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(40): 3192-3200, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319173

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of different doses of antiviral drugs in the treatment of herpes zoster. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, VIP, CNKI and WanFang database up to April 9, 2022 were searched. Two reviewers selected the studies according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used for quality evaluation. Data were analyzed by Revman 5.4 software for meta-analysis. The qualitative data used relative risk (RR) as the effect index, and the quantitative data used mean difference (MD) as the effect index. The point estimates and 95%CI of each effect were given. Results: Fourteen randomized controlled trials with 1 831 patients were included in the study. Compared with the 200 mg acyclovir with five times a day, the 800 mg can improve the effective rate, shorten the blister stopping time (MD=-1.29, 95%CI:-1.62- -0.96, P<0.001), relieve the pain faster (MD=-2.73, 95%CI:-4.37- -1.09, P=0.001), shorten the scabbing time (MD=-2.42, 95%CI:-2.96- -1.89, P<0.001) without increasing the adverse reaction rate (RR=1.64, 95%CI:0.80-3.36, P=0.17); Compared with the 300 mg valaciclovir with twice daily, the 900-1 000 mg valaciclovir with three times a day can improve the effective rate(RR=1.17, 95%CI:1.04-1.32, P=0.007), shorten the blister stopping time (MD=-1.53, 95%CI:-2.54- -0.51, P=0.003), relieve the pain faster (MD=-1.04, 95%CI:-1.30- -0.77, P<0.001), shorten the scabbing time (MD=-1.78, 95%CI:-2.80- -0.76, P<0.001), reduce the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia(RR=0.28, 95%CI:0.15-0.52, P<0.001) without increasing the adverse reaction rate (RR=1.47, 95%CI:0.93-2.32, P=0.10); In immunocompromised patients, compared with 1 000 mg valaciclovir with three times a day, 2 000 mg cannot significantly improve the treatment efficacy. There was no significant difference among the efficacy of 250 mg, 500 mg and 750 mg famciclovir, three times a day, in the treatment of herpes zoster. Conclusion: The 800 mg acyclovir with five times a day; 900-1 000 mg valaciclovir and 250 mg famciclovir with three times a day, are better choices in the treatment of herpes zoster.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Herpes Zoster , Humanos , Aciclovir , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Vesícula , Famciclovir , Herpes Zoster/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Valaciclovir
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1778-1783, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444462

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of pretreatment drug resistance (PDR) on virological effect among HIV-infected patients having received antiretroviral therapy (ART) after three years. Methods: The baseline survey of PDR among HIV-infected patients was conducted in 2018, with a three-year follow up study. The clinic data and virological laboratory test variables were statistically analyzed. Results: Of the 2 433 participants, 41.6% (1 012/2 433) were aged between 18 and 34, 82.8% (2 015/2 433) were males, 46.9% (1 142/2 433) had education of high school or above, 22.4% (544/2 433) were farmers, 33.8% (823/2 433) were unmarried, 48.1% (1 169/2 433) were infected heterosexually and 41.3% (1 004/2 433) were with CRF07_BC. The prevalence of PDR was 4.5% (109/2 433). The prevalence of virological suppression failure (viral load ≥50 copies/ml) and drug resistance at three years follow up after ART was 8.1%(196/2 433) and 2.5%(60/2 433) respectively. The prevalence of virological suppression failure and drug resistance at three years follow up after ART were 18.3% (20/109) and 7.6% (176/2 324), and 4.6% (5/109) and 2.4% (55/2 324) among participants with PDR and non-PDR, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression model showed that illiteracy (aOR=3.26, 95%CI: 1.82-5.86), primary and junior high school education (aOR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.09-2.18), CD4+T lymphocyte count <200/µl (aOR=2.77, 95%CI: 1.75-4.37) and CD4+T lymphocyte count 200-499/µl (aOR=1.55, 95%CI: 1.10-2.18) at a three year follow up visit after ART, missed drugs in the past month (aOR=4.24, 95%CI: 2.92-6.17), and PDR (aOR=2.84, 95%CI: 1.67-4.85) were statistically significant with virological suppression failure on treatment. Conclusions: The prevalence of PDR in China at a low level currently, and the virological suppression failure rate is low after three years of ART. It is necessary to strengthen drug resistance monitoring of HIV-infected patients and pay attention to the influence of PDR on treatment effect.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Seguimentos , Carga Viral , Falha de Tratamento , Resistência a Medicamentos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico
18.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have established a strong relationship between circRNA and cancer progression. Cervical lymph node metastasis is a key factor influencing the surgical approach and distant metastasis of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). However, the role of circNDST1 in PTC has not been investigated. Our research focused on revealing the function and mechanism of action of circNDST1 in PTC. METHODS: High-throughput sequencing and qPCR were used to assess the expression of circRNA in PTC tissues with extensive cervical lymph node metastasis and circNDST1 in cell lines, respectively. The proliferative effects of circNDST1 in vitro and in vivo were analyzed using CCK8, clone formation assay, EdU, and nude mouse tumorigenesis assay. The transwell scratch assay was employed in the scrutiny of the effect of circNDST1 on the migration and invasion abilities of thyroid cancer cells, while circNDST1's influence on the PI3K-Akt pathway and the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) key protein expression was evaluated utilizing RNA sequencing and western blot. RNA pull-down and RIP were used to examine the binding of circNDST1 to CSNK2A1. RESULTS: CircNDST1 was highly expressed in PTC cell lines, but knocking it down inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasive abilities of TPC1 and KTC1 cell lines. CircNDST1 bonded with CSNK2A1 and promoted the interaction between CSNK2A1 and Akt, leading to the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway and EMT. CONCLUSION: CircNDST1's high expression boosted thyroid cancer progression through the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway and EMT in a CSNK2A1-dependent manner.

20.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219316

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effects of calorie restriction (CR) on gut microbiota and the mechanism of CR ameliorating hyperglycemia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced T2DM model rats were explored. METHODS: High-fat diet and STZ injection were applied to induce T2DM model rats. Rats were divided into the following three groups: the control-diet ad libitum group, the T2DM model group fed with ad libitum diet, and the T2DM group fed with 30% restriction diet. 16S rRNA sequencing was used to determine the bacterial communities. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured. RESULTS: Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were improved by CR, as well as the levels of fasting and random plasma glucose. Besides, CR not only modulated the overall structure of gut microbiota but also had selective enrichment in anti-inflammatory bacteria such as Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Ruminococcaceae_9, Allobaculum, Alistipes, and Oscillibacter, and decreased pro-inflammatory pathogenic bacteria such as Bacteroides, Lachnoclostridium, and Bifidobacterium. Tax4Fun indicated that CR could regulate related functional pathways such as lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis, and the plasma levels of LBP, IL-6, and TNF-α were markedly reduced by CR, suggesting the mechanism of CR ameliorating hyperglycemia may associate with the modulation of disordered gut microbiota and the reduction of metabolic endotoxemia and inflammation. CONCLUSION: CR could ameliorate hyperglycemia, the mechanism of which may associate with the alteration of the overall structure of gut microbiota, restoration of disordered microbiota function, and the downregulation of metabolic endotoxemia and inflammation in diabetic rats.

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