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1.
Genome Med ; 12(1): 41, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP)/CHOP-like chemotherapy is widely used in peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL). Here we conducted a phase 2, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, comparing the efficacy and safety of CEOP/IVE/GDP alternating regimen with CEOP in newly diagnosed PTCL. METHODS: PTCL patients, except for anaplastic large cell lymphoma-anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive, were 1:1 randomly assigned to receive CEOP/IVE/GDP (CEOP, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, epirubicin 70 mg/m2, vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 [maximum 2 mg] on day 1, and prednisone 60 mg/m2 [maximum 100 mg] on days 1-5 every 21 days, at the first and fourth cycle; IVE, ifosfamide 2000 mg/m2 on days 1-3, epirubicin 70 mg/m2 on day 1, and etoposide 100 mg/m2 on days 1-3 every 21 days, at the second and fifth cycle; and GDP, gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8, cisplatin 25 mg/m2 on days 1-3, and dexamethasone 40 mg on days 1-4 every 21 days, at the third and sixth cycle) and CEOP (every 21 days for 6 cycles). Analysis of efficacy and safety was of the intent-to-treatment population. The primary endpoint was a complete response rate at the end of treatment. Meanwhile, whole exome sequencing and targeted sequencing were performed in 62 patients with available tumor samples to explore prognostic biomarkers in this cohort as an exploratory post hoc analysis. RESULTS: Among 106 patients, 53 each were enrolled to CEOP/IVE/GDP and CEOP. With 51 evaluable patients each in two groups, a complete response rate of the CEOP/IVE/GDP group was similar to that of the CEOP group (37.3% vs. 31.4%, p = 0.532). There was no difference in median progression-free survival (PFS; 15.4 months vs. 9.2 months, p = 0.122) or overall survival (OS; 24.3 months vs. 21.9 months, p = 0.178). Grade 3-4 hematological and non-hematological adverse events were comparable. Histone modification genes were most frequently mutated (25/62, 40.3%), namely KMT2D, KMT2A, SETD2, EP300, and CREBBP. Multivariate analysis indicated that CREBBP and IDH2 mutations were independent factors predicting poor PFS and OS (all p < 0.001), while KMT2D predicting poor PFS (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: CEOP/IVE/GDP alternating regimen showed no remission or survival advantage to standard chemotherapy. Future clinical trials should aim to develop alternative regimen targeting disease biology as demonstrated by recurrent mutations in epigenetic factors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered on ClinicalTrial.gov (NCT02533700) on August 27, 2015.

2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 500-506, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of children with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of different pathological subtypes. METHODS: Ninety-three patients with newly-diagnosed childhood NHL in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from March 2011 to September 2017 were salected. The diagnosis of patients was performed according to the World Health Organization classification of tumors 2008 ys. The chemotherapy regimens were based on immune phenotype, pathological type and clinical stages. The 5-years event-free survival rate (EFS) were calculated and analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method, and difference of survival rate between groups were compared. The possible factors influencing 5-years EFS was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Among the 93 patients, male to female ratio was 2.88:1, the median age at diagnosis was 6 (0.9 to 13) years old. According to pathological types, Burkitt's lymphoma was the most common, follow by ALK+ anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL). Clinically, the most common initial symptoms observed at diagnosis were swelling of superficial lymph node, and abdominal pain and abdominal mass in mature B-cell neoplasms, and the swelling of mediastinal lymph nodes in LBL, and hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) in mature T-cell and natural killer cell NHL. Seventy-nine cases completed 2 courses of induction chemotherapy, and 64 cases (81.01%) reached complete remission (CR). In a median follow up for 32.5(1.0-88.5) months, ten patients (11.90%) relapsed, the median relapsed time was 5.7(3.4-15.7) months. 5-year EFS rate in 84 patients received standardized treatments were (77.1±4.9)%. As compared with lymphoblastic lymphoma and extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, there was a trend towards better outcomes in B-LBL, and mature B-cell neoplasms and ALK+ ALCL showing 5-year EFS was (86.2±5.2)% and (93.8±6.1)% vs (53.3%±16.1)% and (28.6±17.1)%. Univariate analysis showed that B symptoms, LDH level, secondary HLH, immunophenotype, pathological subtypes, clinical stage and whether reached CR after induction chemotherapy significantly correlated with prognosis. Cox regression analysis showed that no CR after 2 courses was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor (HR0.001, 95%CI: 0.000-0.122). CONCLUSION: The clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with NHL of different pathological types are different. Whether reached CR after induction chemotherapy is the imdependent risk factor affecting the prognosis.

3.
Cancer Cell ; 37(3): 403-419.e6, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183952

RESUMO

Natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is an aggressive and heterogeneous entity of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. To identify molecular subtypes of NKTCL based on genomic structural alterations and EBV sequences, we performed multi-omics study on 128 biopsy samples of newly diagnosed NKTCL and defined three prominent subtypes, which differ significantly in cell of origin, EBV gene expression, transcriptional signatures, and responses to asparaginase-based regimens and targeted therapy. Our findings thus identify molecular networks of EBV-associated pathogenesis and suggest potential clinical strategies on NKTCL.

4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(6): 1862-1868, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of serum free light chain (sFLC) on renal function and prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: The clinical data of 70 newly diagnosed MM patients who received sFLC examination in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from April 2012 to November 2016. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors that associated with renal impairment (RI) and prognosis. Logistic regression and Kaplan-Meier analyze were used to analyze the roles of sFLC in RI and the prognosis. RESULTS: Out of the 70 patients, 20 patients had RI at the initial diagnosis. Compared to normal renal function group, RI group had lower level of hemoglobin, elevated levels of serum uric acid, corrected calcium, serum creatinine, serum ß2 microglobulin, and involved sFLC, higher proportion of patients with ISS stage III, involved sFLC≥500 mg/L, hemodialysis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum uric acid≥430 µmol/L, ISS stage III and a involved sFLC≥500 mg/L were all the independent risk factors for RI in patients with newly diagnosed MM patients (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis showed that the involved sFLC was 705.0 mg/L, which was a best cut-off value area under curve (AUC) for prediting RI in patients with MM was 0.727 (P=0.003), sensitivity was 65.0% and specificity was 82.0%). After a median follow-up period of 31 (1-84) months, the median overall survival (OS) of patients with involved sFLC≥500mg/L and involved sFLC<500 mg/L were 52.0 and 27.0 months, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.137). There was also no statistically significant difference in median OS between the high sFLC ratio group (κ/λ>32 or <0.03) and the low sFLC ratio group (0.03≤κ/λ≤32) (27 months vs 40 months, P=0.436). CONCLUSION: The involved sFLC in the RI group is significantly higher than that in the normal renal function group in newly diagnosed MM patients. Serum uric acid≥430 µmol/L, ISS stage III and involved sFLC≥500 mg/L are the independent risk factors for RI. Monitoring sFLC in newly diagnosed MM patients is helpful to the prediction of RI, and the involved sFLC level or sFLC ratio may not affect the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Úrico
5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1497-1503, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of baicalin derivative 02-036 on proliferation and apoptosis human Burkitt lymphoma cell line CA46 and its related mechanisms. METHODS: The MTT assay and cell colony formation assay were used to measure the growth inhibition of CA46 cells after 02-036 treatment. The flow cytometry with AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining was employed to detect the apoptosis induction effect of 02-036 on CA46 cells. Cell cycle distribution of CA46 cells was estimeted by using DNA ploid analysis. Western blot was used to determine the changes of apoptosis-related proteins, including C-MYC, BCL-2, Procaspase-9, Procaspase-3, PARP and Cleaved-PARP. RESULTS: Baicalin derivative 02-036 obviously inhibited the proliferation of CA46 cells, with dose- and time-dependent manner (r=0.963, r=0.992). The averaged IC50 value of CA46 cells was (6.04±0.11) µmol/L after 48-hour treatment. Low concentration of 02-036 could significantly inhibit the colony formation of CA46 cells. Flow cytometry analysis confirmed that 02-036 could effectively induce CA46 cell apoptosis. The apoptosis rate correlated with drug concentrations (r=0.959). Also, DNA ploid analysis showed that the cell cycle of CA46 was arrested in the S phase. The expression levels of BCL-2, Pro-caspase-9, Pro-caspase-3, PARP and C-MYC proteins decreased with a 02-036-dose dependent manner (r values were -0.990, -0.939, -0.971 and -0.967, respectively). In contrast, the expression level of cleaved-PARP increased with the same manner (r=0.920). CONCLUSION: Baicalin derivative 02-036 can effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of CA46 cells, and its related mechanisms may be correlated with the down-regulation of apoptosis-related molecule expression levels, such as BCL-2, Pro-caspase-9, Pro-caspase-3, PARP and C-MYC.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Flavonoides , Humanos
6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1008-1012, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of nucleophosmin (NPM) in the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K562 cells) and its mechanism by RNAi technology. METHODS: shRNA was used to inhibit the expression of NPM. The expression of NPM gene was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The effect of inhibiting NPM gene on cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay. Change of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the expression of cell cycle-related proteins. RESULTS: The shRNA lentiviral vector targeting at NPM gene was successfully constructed and used to transfect the K562 cells. The results showed that compared with the control groups, suppression of NPM gene expression in K562 cells could inhibit the cell proliferation and decrease the cell colony formation. Moreover, interference of NPM gene could prolong G0/G1 phase and arrest cell cycle, which may be related to the down-regulation of NPM gene expression and activation of p21 protein expression, thereby inhibited the formation of CDK2/ Cyclin E complex. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of NPM gene expression in K562 cells can induce cell cycle arrest and inhibit cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células K562 , Proteínas Nucleares
7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1064-1070, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a K562 and adriamycin-resistant K562 (KAR) cell line with stably down-regulation of NCL (nucleolin) expression, and to investigate the effect of NCL down-regulation on the drug resistance in K562 and KAR cells. METHODS: K562 and KAR cells were infected with lentivirus, and stably transfected cell clones were obtained by puromycin screening. The cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay, the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression level of drug resistance related genes was detected by real-time PCR. RESULTS: The K562 and KAR cells with stable down-regulation of NCL were successfully constructed. Compared with the control group, the proliferation of K562 and KAR cells with down-regulating NCL expression decreased significantly (P <0.05), the apoptosis of cells increased significantly (P <0.05), and cell resistance to adriamycin was down-regulated. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of NCL expression may increase the sensitivity of cells to adriamycin, which may be related with the promotion of apoptosis of K562 and KAR cells.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Apoptose , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Células K562 , Fosfoproteínas , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1123-1130, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of childhood Burkitt Lymphoma/leukemia. METHODS: The clinical data of 35 patients with newly-diagnosed childhood Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia from March 2011 to September 2017 in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed and summarized. Among 35 patients, 5 gave up treatment and one patient died of multiple organ failure before treatment, and 29 patients received CCCG-BNHL-2010 protocol chemotherapy. RESULTS: The 35 cases of BL/L includsd 31 males and 4 females (M∶F=7.75∶1) with the median age of 5(2.0-11) years. Clinically, the common infiltration sites were as follows: abdominal organs (especially ileocecus, 21/35, 60%), bone marrow (21/35, 60%), faciomaxillary (10/35, 28.57%), and central nervous system (8/35, 22.85%). According to St. Jude staging system, 6 patients were grouped into stage Ⅱ, and 8 into stage Ⅲ and 21 into stage Ⅳ, among which the bone marrow blasts of 17 patients were more than 25%. The analysis of therapeutic efficacy and prognosis showed that in median follow up of 23.4 (5.3-86.4) months, 5 patients relapsed (5/29, 17.24%), the median relapsed time was 5.7 (3.9-7.2) months; tow-year overall survival (OS) rate and progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 79.2%±7.6% and 78.3%±7.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the 2-year OS and PFS in patients with LDH>2N, stage Ⅳ (bone marrow infiltration), central nervous system infiltration and no-CR after 2 courses of treatnent all were significantly lower than those in patients with LDH≤2N, stageⅡ-Ⅲ, without central nervous system infiltration as well as CR after 2 course of treatment (P values were 0.015, 0.015, 0.019 and 0.000, respectively). Cox regression analysis showed that no-CR after 2 course was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor (HR 0.34, 95%CI: 0.03-0.407). CONCLUSION: The childhood Buruitts lymphoma/leukemia is more freguently seen in males and school-age children, Advanced stage, bone marrow and contral nervous system infitration are common at the first visit to doctor, moreover the Burkitt's lymphoma/leykemia present repid progression and dangerous feature. The current intensive chemotherapy (high dose of drugs and short course) possess the significant therapeutic efficacy for this disease, but the patients should have very poor prognosis if they can not achieve CR after 2 course of chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(7): 690-695, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315770

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children with IKAROS family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1) deletion, and to observe the effect of increasing the intensity of chemotherapy on the prognosis of this disease. METHODS: A total of 278 children diagnosed with ALL between December 2015 and February 2018 were systematically treated according to the Chinese Children's Leukemia Group-ALL 2008 protocol (CCLG-ALL 2008). The patients were divided into an IKZF1-deleted group and a control group according to the presence or absence of IKZF1. The IKZF1-deleted group was treated with the regimen for high-risk group (HR) in the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, while the control group received different intensities of chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification. The clinical features and event-free survival rate (EFS) were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 24 (8.6%) cases of 278 children were found to have large deletions of exons of the IKZF1 gene. The IKZF1-deleted group had significantly higher proportions of cases with white blood cell count ≥50×109/L at initial diagnosis, BCR-ABL1 fusion gene positive, minimal residual disease ≥10% on the 15th day of induction remission treatment, minimal residual disease-high risk and clinical risk classification-high risk compared with the control group (P<0.05). The 3-year EFS rate (76%±10%) in the IKZF1-deleted group was lower than that in the control group (84%±4%), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.282). The estimated 3-year EFS rate in the IKZF1-deleted-non-HR group (actually treated with the chemotherapy regimen for HR in the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol) was 82%±12%, which was lower than that in the control-non-HR group (86%±5%), but there was no significant difference (P=0.436). CONCLUSIONS: ALL children with IKZF1 deletion have worse early treatment response, and increasing the intensity of chemotherapy might improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(3): 809-915, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features and to explore the therapeutic efficacy and prognostic factors of children with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). METHODS: The clinical data of 18 children with ALCL admitted in Department of Pediatric Hematology, Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University from April 2011 to November 2017 was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The male to female ratio was 2∶1, the median age of onset was 6 (0.9-11.3) years old, and the B symptom was positive in 13 cases. The most common initial symptom was lymphadenopathy (in 17 cases). All patients were manifested with multiple organ involvements. 4 cases were classified as clinical stage Ⅱ, 11 cases as stage Ⅲ, and 3 cases as stage Ⅳ. Laboratory tests revealed 9 cases with leukocytosis and 8 cases with CRP>20 mg/L. The pathological results showed all ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma with Ki-67 rate between 40%-90%. The median follow-up time was 41 months. 2 patients died before treatment, 1 patient was lost to follow-up. 15 patients accepted chemotherapy protocol of CCCG-BNHL-2011. 2 patients relapsed early, the 3 year event-free survival rate was (76.7±10.2)%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed leukocytosis, increased CRP level, bone involvement and clinical stage were factors affecting prognosis. CONCLUSION: ALCL is a relatively rare subtype of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with high invasiveness. Leukocytosis, increased CRP level, bone involvement and clinical stage are poor factors affecting the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico
11.
Acta Haematol ; 142(3): 162-170, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091521

RESUMO

Aplastic anemia (AA) is a hematologic disease characterized by pancytopenia and hypocellular bone marrow, potentially leading to chronic anemia, hemorrhage, and infection. The China Aplastic Anemia Committee and British Committee for Standards in Haematology guidelines recommend hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) or immunosuppressive therapy (IST) comprising antithymocyte globulin (ATG) with cyclosporine (CsA) as initial treatment for AA patients. With limited epidemiological data on the clinical management of AA in Asia, a prospective cohort registry study involving 22 AA treatment centers in China was conducted to describe the disease characteristics of newly diagnosed AA patients and investigate real-world treatment patterns and patient outcomes. Of 340 AA patients, 72.9, 12.6, and 3.5% were receiving IST, traditional Chinese medicine, and HSCT, respectively, at baseline; only 22.2% of IST-treated patients received guideline-recommended ATG with CsA initially. Almost all patients received supportive care (95.6%) as blood transfusion (97.8%), antibiotics (63.7%), and/or hematopoietic growth factors (58.2%). Overall, 64.8% achieved a partial or complete response, and 0.9% experienced relapse. No new safety concerns were identified; serious adverse events were largely unrelated to the treatment regimen. These results demonstrate the need to identify and minimize treatment barriers to standardize and align AA management in China with treatment guideline recommendations and further improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aloenxertos , Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Lancet Haematol ; 6(6): e328-e337, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthracycline dose optimisation in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has rarely been tested. We aimed to find out whether R-CEOP70 was non-inferior to R-CHOP50 with less cardiotoxicity, and whether R-CEOP90 had a superior efficacy to R-CHOP50 or R-CEOP70 with acceptable toxic effects. METHODS: In this multicentre, phase 3, randomised, controlled study (NHL-001), patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma or follicular lymphoma grade 3B were enrolled from 20 centres of the Multicenter Hematology-Oncology Programs Evaluation System in China. Young patients (16-60 years) were randomly assigned 1:1:1 (block size of six) to six courses of R-CHOP50, R-CEOP70, or R-CEOP90, and older patients (61-80 years) were assigned 1:1 (block size of four) to R-CHOP50 or R-CEOP70. Patients were randomly assigned using computer-assisted permuted-block randomisation. Investigators and patients were not masked to treatment assignment. In the R-CHOP50 group, patients were given rituximab 375 mg/m2 intravenously on day 0, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 (maximum dose 2 mg) intravenously on day 1, and prednisone 60 mg/m2 (maximum dose 100 mg) orally from day 1-5; in the R-CEOP70 group, epirubicin 70 mg/m2 replaced doxorubicin; and in the R-CEOP90 group, high dose epirubicin 90 mg/m2 replaced doxorubicin. All patients received two additional courses of rituximab 375 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days. Consolidation radiotherapy was given to patients with bulky disease at diagnosis or residual disease at the end of treatment. The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival. The non-inferiority margin for R-CEOP70 versus R-CHOP50 was defined by hazard ratio [HR] as the upper limit of its 95% CI being no greater than 1·50. Analysis of efficacy and safety were of the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01852435. FINDINGS: From May 15, 2013, to March 16, 2016, a total of 648 patients were enrolled, including 404 (62%) young patients (R-CHOP50 [n=135], R-CEOP70 [n=134], or R-CEOP90 [n=135]), and 244 (38%) older patients (R-CHOP50 [n=122] or R-CEOP70 [n=122]). Four patients were excluded from the study for consent withdrawal and one patient for misdiagnosis before treatment. The 2-year progression-free survival in the R-CHOP50 group was 72·5% (95% CI 66·6-77·6) and in the R-CEOP70 group was 72·4% ([66·5-77·5]; HR 1·00 [0·73-1·38]; p=0·99). The non-inferiority was met and adverse events were similar between the two groups. Fewer patients in the R-CEOP70 group (14 [13%] of 110) presented with over 10% decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) than those in the R-CHOP50 group (31 [29%] of 108) at 3 years after remission. For young patients, the 2-year progression-free survival in the R-CEOP90 group was 88·8% (82·1-93·1) and was significantly improved compared with the R-CHOP50 group (75·9% [67·7-82·3]; 0·44 [0·25-0·76]; p=0·0047) and the R-CEOP70 group (77·4% [69·4-83·7%]; 0·49 [0·27-0·86]; p=0·017). Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred more frequently in the R-CEOP90 group (97 [72%] of 134) than in the R-CHOP50 group (87 [65%] of 133) and R-CEOP70 group (84 [63%] of 133) in young patients but without further increase of clinically significant infections. Fewer patients in the R-CEOP70 group (7 [11%] of 66) and in the R-CEOP90 group (10 [13%] of 79) presented with more than 10% decrease in LVEF than those in the R-CHOP50 group (17 [26%] of 66) at 3 years after remission. INTERPRETATION: R-CEOP70 could serve as an alternative regimen to R-CHOP50 with mild long-term cardiotoxicity. Young patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma might benefit from high-dose epirubicin. Epirubicin is an alternative drug to doxorubicin in regular R-CHOP with mild long-term cardiotoxicity. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key Research and Development Program, Shanghai Commission of Science and Technology, Shanghai Municipal Education Commission Gaofeng Clinical Medicine Grant Support, Multicenter Clinical Research Project by Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Clinical Research Plan of Shanghai Hospital Development Center, and Chang Jiang Scholars Program.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neutropenia/etiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(5): 1407-1413, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen the most strong emodin derivative inhibiting the proliferation of multiple myeloma(MM) cells and to explore the inhibitory and inducing effects of emodin derivatives on proliferation and apoptosis of MM cell lines RPMI 8226 and U266. METHODS: Sixteen emodin derivatives were designed and synthesized by using emodin as mother substance, then from which the emodin derivative E11 was screened for experiments. The MTT method and cell colony formation assay were used to observe the effect of E11 on proliferation of RPMI 8226 and U266, the fluorescent microscopy with DAFI staining was used to observed the morphological changes of MM cells treated with emodin dervative 11, the DNA fragmentation detection was used to detect the inducing apoptosis effect of E11 on RPMI 8226 and U266 cells treated with E11. RESULTS: The MTT assay showed that after the RPMI 8226 cells were treated with 16 kinds of emodin derivatives for 48 hours, the 50% inhibition concentration(IC50) of 14 emodin dervatives was between 0.83-34.68 µmol/L, except E10 and E15 because their IC50 could not be calculated. The IC50 of E11 for RPMI 8226 and U266 cells were 0.831±0.0453 µmol/L and 1.039±0.093 µmol/L, respectively. Cell colony formation assay showed that E11 could inhibit RPMI8226 and U266 cells' colony formation in dose-.and time- dependent manner (r=0.72). Cell apoptosis was observed in RPMI8226 and U266 cells by DAPI staining , and also by the detection of DNA fragmentation. CONCLUSION: In the synthesis of 16 kinds of emodin derivatives, the inhibitory effect of E11 on prolife-ration of RPMI8226 cell was the strongest. E11 can remarkably inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of RPMI8226 and U266 cells.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Emodina , Humanos
14.
Cancer Lett ; 438: 63-75, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217562

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an important curative therapy for patients with leukemia. However, relapse remains the leading cause of death after transplantation. In recent years, substantial progress has been made by Chinese physicians in the field of establishment of novel transplant modality, patient selection, minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring, and immunological therapies, such as modified donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) and chimeric antigen receptor T (CART) cells, as well as MRD-directed intervention for relapse. Most of these unique systems are distinct from those in the Western world. In this consensus, we reviewed the efficacy of post-HSCT relapse management practice from available Chinese studies on behalf of the HSCT workgroup of the Chinese Society of Hematology, Chinese Medical Association, and compared these studies withthe consensus or guidelines outside China. We summarized the consensus on routine practices of post-HSCT relapse management in China and focused on the recommendations of MRD monitoring, risk stratification directed strategies, and modified DLI system. This consensus will likely contribute to the standardization of post-HSCT relapse management in China and become an inspiration for further international cooperation to refine global practices.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Consenso , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Leucemia/etnologia , Leucemia/prevenção & controle , Monitorização Fisiológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasia Residual/etnologia , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Neoplasia Residual/prevenção & controle , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo
15.
Lancet Oncol ; 19(7): 871-879, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29884593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous arsenic trioxide plus all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) without chemotherapy is the standard of care for non-high-risk acute promyelocytic leukaemia (white blood cell count ≤10 × 109 per L), resulting in cure in more than 95% of cases. However, a pilot study of treatment with oral arsenic realgar-Indigo naturalis formula (RIF) plus ATRA without chemotherapy, which has a more convenient route of administration than the standard intravenous regimen, showed high efficacy. In this study, we compare an oral RIF plus ATRA treatment regimen with the standard intravenous arsenic trioxide plus ATRA treatment regimen in patients with non-high-risk acute promyelocytic leukaemia. METHODS: We did a multicentre, non-inferiority, open-label, randomised, controlled phase 3 trial at 14 centres in China. Patients aged 18-70 years with newly diagnosed (within 7 days) non-high-risk acute promyelocytic leukaemia, and a WHO performance status of 2 or less were eligible. Patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive treatment with RIF-ATRA or arsenic trioxide-ATRA as the induction and consolidation therapy. Randomisation was done centrally with permuted blocks and stratification according to trial centre and was implemented through an interactive web response system. RIF (60 mg/kg bodyweight daily in an oral divided dose) or arsenic trioxide (0·15 mg/kg daily in an intravenous dose) and ATRA (25 mg/m2 daily in an oral divided dose) were used until complete remission was achieved. The home-based consolidation therapy was RIF (60 mg/kg daily in an oral divided dose) or intravenous arsenic trioxide (0·15 mg/kg daily in an intravenous dose) in a 4-week on 4-week off regimen for four cycles and ATRA (25 mg/m2 daily in an oral divided dose) in a 2-week on 2-week off regimen for seven cycles. Patients and treating physicians were not masked to treatment allocation. The primary outcome was event-free survival at 2 years. A non-inferiority margin of -10% was used to assess non-inferiority. Primary analyses were done in a modified intention-to-treat population of all patients who received at least one dose of their assigned treatment and the per-protocol population. This study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-TRC-13004054), and the trial is complete. FINDINGS: Between Feb 13, 2014, and Aug 31, 2015, 109 patients were enrolled and assigned to RIF-ATRA (n=72) or arsenic trioxide-ATRA (n=37). Three patients in the RIF-ATRA and one in the arsenic trioxide-ATRA did not receive their assigned treatment. After a median follow-up of 32 months (IQR 27-36), 67 (97%) of 69 patients in the RIF-ATRA group and 34 (94%) of 36 in the arsenic trioxide-ATRA group had achieved 2-year event-free survival in the modified intention-to-treat population. The percentage difference in event-free survival was 2·7% (95% CI, -5·8 to 11·1). The lower limit of the 95% CI for the difference in event-free survival was greater than the -10% non-inferiority margin, confirming non-inferiority (p=0·0017). Non-inferiority was also confirmed in the per-protocol population. During induction therapy, grade 3-4 hepatic toxic effects (ie, increased liver aspartate aminotransferase or alanine transaminase concentrations) were reported in six (9%) of 69 patients in the RIF-ATRA group versus five (14%) of 36 patients in the arsenic trioxide-ATRA group; grade 3-4 infection was reported in 15 (23%) of 64 versus 15 (42%) of 36 patients. Two patients in the arsenic trioxide-ATRA group died during induction therapy (one from haemorrhage and one from thrombocytopenia). INTERPRETATION: Oral RIF plus ATRA is not inferior to intravenous arsenic trioxide plus ATRA for the treatment of patients with non-high-risk acute promyelocytic leukaemia. This study suggests that a completely oral, chemotherapy-free model might be an alternative to the standard intravenous treatment for patients with non-high-risk acute promyelocytic leukaemia. FUNDING: Foundation for innovative research group of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, the National Key R&D Program of China, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Trióxido de Arsênio/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/mortalidade , Tretinoína/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Acta Haematol ; 139(3): 148-157, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29550822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The International Prognostic Index (IPI) scoring system is the most widely used prognostic tool for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, it fails to consistently identify patients with poor outcomes. This retrospective study was undertaken to confirm the clinical value of a new prognostic score and compare it with the IPI. METHODS: The aim of this single-center study was to confirm the clinical value of a new prognostic score and its association with various clinical features, disease progression, and death in 70 patients with DLBCL who had undergone at least 6 cycles of chemotherapy. RESULTS: The IPI and the new prognostic index were both associated with 3-year mortality (p ≤ 0.032); however, only the new prognostic index was associated with 3-year progression (p ≤ 0.036). Multivariate analysis showed that the new prognostic index was associated with 3-year progression but not overall survival. The new prognostic score also distinguished 3-year progression-free survival and overall survival in the low- and low-intermediate-risk groups as well as in the low-intermediate- and high-intermediate-risk groups. CONCLUSIONS: The new prognostic score represents a comprehensive prognostic model superior to the IPI. Prospective studies are necessary to explore whether treatment strategies may be adjusted using this new prognostic score.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/etiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(2): 373-378, 2018 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29279377

RESUMO

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a clonal malignancy of immature T cells. Recently, the next-generation sequencing approach has allowed systematic identification of molecular features in pediatric T-ALL. Here, by performing RNA-sequencing and other genomewide analysis, we investigated the genomic landscape in 61 adult and 69 pediatric T-ALL cases. Thirty-six distinct gene fusion transcripts were identified, with SET-NUP214 being highly related to adult cases. Among 18 previously unknown fusions, ZBTB16-ABL1, TRA-SALL2, and involvement of NKX2-1 were recurrent events. ZBTB16-ABL1 functioned as a leukemogenic driver and responded to the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Among 48 genes with mutation rates >3%, 6 were newly found in T-ALL. An aberrantly overexpressed short mRNA transcript of the SLC17A9 gene was revealed in most cases with overexpressed TAL1, which predicted a poor prognosis in the adult group. Up-regulation of HOXA, MEF2C, and LYL1 was often present in adult cases, while TAL1 overexpression was detected mainly in the pediatric group. Although most gene fusions were mutually exclusive, they coexisted with gene mutations. These genetic abnormalities were correlated with deregulated gene expression markers in three subgroups. This study may further enrich the current knowledge of T-ALL molecular pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Ontologia Genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Mutação
18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 25(3): 678-682, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28641617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biological characteristics and therapeutic efficacyt of acute erythroleukemia (AEL,AML-M6). METHODS: Blood cell count, liver function, lactate dehydrogenase level, coagulation, morphology, immunology, cell genetics and molecular biology were retrospectively analyzed in 103 cases of acute erythroleukemia patients admitted in our department from May 2016 to June 2009. The therapeutic efficacy was observed by means of remission rate, relapse rate, relapse-free survival and overall survival. RESULTS: The medians of white blood cells, granulocyte, hemoglobin and platelet were 3.04×109/L, 0.67×109/L, 66 g/L, and 45×109/L,respectively. Nucleated red blood cells were found in the peripheral blood smears from 71.1% of AEL patients. None of the patients showed abnormal coagulation function. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that CD13 (93.5%),CD117(89.1%), HLA-DR(87.0%), and CD34 (80.0%) were highly expressed in AEL, and lymphoid antigens of CD4 (42.9%) and CD7(28.9%) were expressed in partial patients. Karyotype analysis in 82 patients showed 52.4% (43/82) normal karyotype, 41.5% (34/82) abnormal karyotype, and 6.1% (5/82) failed tests. In the 34 cases with abnormal karyotype, there were 14(41.2%) cases with simple chromosomal abnomality and 20(58.8%) cases with complex karyotype. The positive rate of fusion gene accounted for 16.7% in 60 patients, and the gene mutations accounted for 77.8% in 27 patients. Among 103 cases of AEL, 81 cases were treated with chemotherapy, but 66 cases can be used for therapeutic analysis, as a results the total complete remission rate derived from 2 courses of treatment was 45.5% (30/66). The relapse rate was 36.7% (11/30), and the median relapse time was 15.5 months (6.2-50 months). The median survival time of 66 patients for therapeutic analysis was 29 months. The median survival time of CR patients was very significantly longer than that of the non-CR patients(P=0.001). The 5 year survival rate of CR patients was 65%, the median time of relapse-free survival (RFS) was 46.2 months and 3-years RFS was 58%. CONCLUSION: AEL is characterized by the highly expressed CD34 antigen, and complex karyotype. Although AEL has lower CR rate and poor prognosis, CR patients can achieve long-term survival and have good quality of life.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/terapia , Humanos , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/imunologia , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Genomics ; 109(5-6): 331-335, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to explore the in vitro effects of reprogramming factors on the expressions of pluripotent genes and CD34 gene in HL-60 cells. METHODS: According to the construction of lentiviral vector LV-OSCK of reprogramming factors (Oct-4, Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc), 293T cells were transfected to detect virus titer. The endogenous pluripotent genes (Oct4, SOX2, c-Myc and Klf4) and CD34 mRNA and protein expressions were detected by AP staining, immunofluorescence staining, qRT-PCR and flow cytometry. RESULTS: Expressions of Oct4, SOX2, c-Myc and Klf4 were 0.220±0.013, 0.186±0.009, 0.287±0.015 and 0.153±0.007. These levels were significantly higher in the experimental group than the control and blank groups. CD34 protein expression in the experimental group was also discovered to be significantly higher than the other two groups. CONCLUSION: The reprogramming factors could increase the expressions of pluripotent genes and CD34 gene in HL-60 cells.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD34/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Regulação para Cima , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Reprogramação Celular , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Lentivirus/fisiologia , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/metabolismo , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo
20.
Oncotarget ; 8(17): 29161-29173, 2017 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28418864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the ability of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) overexpressing microRNA-21 (miR-21) to repair cardiac damage induced by anthracyclines in rats. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats of 2~3 weeks old were selected to isolate and culture BMSCs. A lentivirus harboring pLVX-miR-21 was generated and transfected into rat BMSCs. The rats were assigned into an untreated negative control group, and groups injected with adriamycin alone or with adriamycin followed by BMSCs, pLVX-BMSCs or pLVX-miR-21-BMSCs (n = 10 each). Proliferation and migration of cells were detected by cholecystokinin-8 (CCK- 8) and transwell. MiR-21 expression, mRNA expressions of B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2), BAX (BCL-2-associated X protein) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were tested by qRT-PCR. Western blotting was applied to detect protein expressions of Bcl-2, Bax and VEGF. RESULTS: Using CCK- 8 and transwell assays, we found that pLVX-miR-21-BMSCs, which overexpressed miR-21, exhibited greater proliferation and migration than untransfected BMSCs or pLVX-BMSCs. Ultrasonic cardiograms and immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that among the five groups, the pLVX-miR-21-BMSC group exhibited the most improved heart function and enhanced angiogenesis. Moreover, the pLVX-miR-21-BMSC group showed enhanced expression of Bcl-2, VEGF and Cx43 and reduced expression of Bax, BNP and troponin T. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest miR-21 overexpression enhanced the proliferation, invasiveness and differentiation of BMSCs as well as expression of key factors (Bcl-2, VEGF and Bax) essential for repairing the cardiac damage induced by anthracyclines and restoring heart function.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Animais , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transfecção
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