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1.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-8, 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338183

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a prevalent class of blood disease with a high occurrence rate and relapse rate. The role of dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) in AML is emerging. MiR-4260 was identified to be a carcinogenic miRNA in colorectal cancer, but never has it been reported in AML. We aimed to study the function and mechanism of miR-4260 in AML. The miR-4260 level was higher in AML cell lines than the normal cell lines. Inhibition of miR-4260 hindered proliferation and increased apoptosis of AML cells. Mechanistically, long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1128 (LINC01128) competed with nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 2 (NR3C2) for miR-4260 so as to upregulate NR3C2. We identified the reduced levels of LINC01128 and NR3C2 in AML and it was suggested through rescue assays that LINC01128 repressed AML progression through regulating miR-4260/NR3C2 axis. In conclusion, we firstly uncovered that LINC01128 resisted acute myeloid leukemia through regulating miR-4260/NR3C2, providing novel clues for the treatment improvement of AML.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 139, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) pollution in soil has become one of the major environmental threats to plant growth and human health. Safe utilization of Pb contaminated soil by phytoremediation require Pb-tolerant rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) accessions. However, breeding of new B. napus cultivars tolerance to Pb stress has been restricted by limited knowledge on molecular mechanisms involved in Pb tolerance. This work was carried out to identify genetic loci related to Pb tolerance during seedling establishment in rapeseed. RESULTS: Pb tolerance, which was assessed by quantifying radicle length (RL) under 0 or 100 mg/L Pb stress condition, shown an extensive variation in 472 worldwide-collected rapeseed accessions. Based on the criterion of relative RL > 80%, six Pb-tolerant genotypes were selected. Four quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with Pb tolerance were identified by Genome-wide association study. The expression level of nine promising candidate genes, including GSTUs, BCATs, UBP13, TBR and HIPP01, located in these four QTL regions, were significantly higher or induced by Pb in Pb-tolerant accessions in comparison to Pb-sensitive accessions. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study on Pb-tolerant germplasms and genomic loci in B. napus. The findings can provide valuable genetic resources for the breeding of Pb-tolerant B. napus cultivars and understanding of Pb tolerance mechanism in Brassica species.

3.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-6, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842640

RESUMO

Objective: A risk prediction model of cerebral palsy (CP) was established by a decision tree model to predict the individual risk of CP.Methods: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted with 109 cases of CP and 327 controls without CP. The cases and the controls were obtained from Hunan Children's Hospital. A questionnaire was administered to collect the variables relevant to CP by face to face interviews. Chi-square test was used to identify the factors associated with CP, and a decision tree model was used to construct the prediction model.Results: Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between cases group and controls group on maternal age, weight gain during pregnancy, medical treatment during pregnancy, preterm birth, low birth weight and birth asphyxia (all p-values <.05). Three factors, including preterm birth, birth asphyxia, and maternal age >35 years old, entered the decision tree model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.722 (95%CI: 0.659-0.784, p < .001).Conclusion: The decision tree prediction model can be used for predicting the individual risk of CP. Further large-scale, population-based cerebral palsy studies are needed to improve the model.

4.
Nat Plants ; 5(8): 822-832, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383969

RESUMO

The non-random three-dimensional (3D) organization of the genome in the nucleus is critical to gene regulation and genome function. Using high-throughput chromatin conformation capture, we generated chromatin interaction maps for Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea at a high resolution and characterized the conservation and divergence of chromatin organization in these two species. Large-scale chromatin structures, including A/B compartments and topologically associating domains, are notably conserved between B. rapa and B. oleracea, yet their KNOT structures are highly divergent. We found that genes retained in less fractionated subgenomes exhibited stronger interaction strengths, and diploidization-resistant duplicates retained in pairs or triplets are more likely to be colocalized in both B. rapa and B. oleracea. These observations suggest that spatial constraint in duplicated genes is correlated to their biased retention in the diploidization process. In addition, we found strong similarities in the epigenetic modification and Gene Ontology terms of colocalized paralogues, which were largely conserved across B. rapa and B. oleracea, indicating functional constraints on their 3D positioning in the nucleus. This study presents an investigation of the spatial organization of genomes in Brassica and provides insights on the role of 3D organization in the genome evolution of this genus.

5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5002, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899041

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) mediate important epigenetic regulation in various biological processes related to the stress response in plants. However, the systematic analysis of the lncRNAs expressed in Brassica rapa under heat stress has been elusive. In this study, we performed a genome-wide analysis of the lncRNA expression profiles in non-heading Chinese cabbage leaves using strand-specific RNA-sequencing. A total of 4594 putative lncRNAs were identified with a comprehensive landscape of dynamic lncRNA expression networks under heat stress. Co-expression networks of the interactions among the differentially expressed lncRNAs, mRNAs and microRNAs revealed that several phytohormones were associated with heat tolerance, including salicylic acid (SA) and brassinosteroid (BR) pathways. Of particular importance is the discovery of 25 lncRNAs that were highly co-expressed with 10 heat responsive genes. Thirty-nine lncRNAs were predicted as endogenous target mimics (eTMs) for 35 miRNAs, and five of them were validated to be involved in the heat tolerance of Chinese cabbage. Heat responsive lncRNA (TCONS_00048391) is an eTM for bra-miR164a, that could be a sponge for miRNA binding and may be a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for the target gene NAC1 (Bra030820), affecting the expression of bra-miR164a in Chinese cabbage. Thus, these findings provide new insights into the functions of lncRNAs in heat tolerance and highlight a set of candidate lncRNAs for further studies in non-heading Chinese cabbage.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 129: 786-791, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779986

RESUMO

Sodium alginate (SA) was electrodeposited onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), and then l-lysine (l-Lys), l-alanine (l-Ala) and l-cysteine (l-Cys) were simultaneously introduced to the surface of SA via electrostatic attractions. γ-MnO2 film was deposited potentiostatically onto the multi-templates immobilized SA from an aqueous mixture of K2SO4 and MnSO4. The templates of l-Lys, l-Ala and l-Cys were then oxidized and removed by cyclic voltammetry (CV) while maintaining the crystalline structures of SA and MnO2. Finally, the molecularly imprinted SA/MnO2 was successfully applied in the simultaneous recognition of the isomers of Lys, Ala and Cys by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). This work opens a new avenue in the construction of SA-based multi-templates molecularly imprinted systems for electrochemical simultaneous recognition of the isomers of several chiral amino acids.


Assuntos
Alanina/química , Alginatos/química , Cisteína/química , Lisina/química , Compostos de Manganês/química , Impressão Molecular , Óxidos/química , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Estrutura Molecular , Análise Espectral
7.
Free Radic Res ; 52(9): 961-969, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30422023

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that microbial pathogens may induce oxidative stress in infected hosts. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between changes in oxidative stress and intestinal infection with and without antibiotic treatment in animal models. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups: rats infected with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. enteritidis), rats infected with S. enteritidis followed by norfloxacin treatment, and the control group. To evaluate oxidative stress changes, levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxo-Gsn) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGsn), which represented oxidative damage to RNA and DNA, respectively, were analysed in urine and tissue samples. In urine, the level of 8-oxo-Gsn increased significantly after oral exposure to S. enteritidis (p ≤ 0.001) and returned to baseline after recovery. Notably, norfloxacin treatment decreased the level of 8-oxo-Gsn in urine significantly (p = 0.001). Changes of 8-oxo-Gsn measured in tissues from the small intestine, colon, liver and spleen were consistent with 8-oxo-Gsn measured in urine. Our study suggested that 8-oxo-Gsn in urine may serve as a highly sensitive biomarker for evaluating the severity of S. enteritidis infection and the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment against infection.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Dano ao DNA/genética , Humanos , /patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Fígado/microbiologia , Fígado/patologia , Oxirredução , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , RNA/química , Ratos , Salmonella enteritidis/patogenicidade
8.
BMC Genomics ; 19(1): 720, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pentatricopeptide-repeat proteins (PPRs) are characterized by tandem arrays of a degenerate 35-amino-acid (PPR motifs), which can bind RNA strands and participate in post-transcription. PPR proteins family is one of the largest families in land plants and play important roles in organelle RNA metabolism and plant development. However, the functions of PPR genes involved in biotic and abiotic stresses of rice (Oryza sativa L.) remain largely unknown. RESULTS: In the present study, a comprehensive genome-wide analysis of PPR genes was performed. A total of 491 PPR genes were found in the rice genome, of which 246 PPR genes belong to the P subfamily, and 245 genes belong to the PLS subfamily. Gene structure analysis showed that most PPR genes lack intron. Chromosomal location analysis indicated that PPR genes were widely distributed in all 12 rice chromosomes. Phylogenetic relationship analysis revealed the distinct difference between the P and PLS subfamilies. Many PPR proteins are predicted to target chloroplasts or mitochondria, and a PPR protein (LOC_Os10g34310) was verified to localize in mitochondria. Furthermore, three PPR genes (LOC_Os03g17634,LOC_Os07g40820,LOC_Os04g51350) were verified as corresponding miRNA targets. The expression pattern analysis showed that many PPR genes could be induced under biotic and abiotic stresses. Finally, seven PPR genes were confirmed with their expression patterns under salinity or drought stress. CONCLUSIONS: We found 491 PPR genes in the rice genome, and our genes structure analysis and syntenic analysis indicated that PPR genes might be derived from amplification by retro-transposition. The expression pattern present here suggested that PPR proteins have crucial roles in response to different abiotic stresses in rice. Taken together, our study provides a comprehensive analysis of the PPR gene family and will facilitate further studies on their roles in rice growth and development.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Oryza/genética , Oryza/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Secas , Genoma de Planta/genética , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Transporte Proteico , Sais/farmacologia , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Sintenia
9.
Infect Drug Resist ; 11: 1347-1358, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30214255

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of five commonly used automated antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) systems in China (Vitek 2, Phoenix, Microscan, TDR, and DL). Materials and methods: Two "unknown" isolates, S1 (ESBL-producing Escherichia coli) and S2 (KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae), were sent to 886 hospitals in China for identification and AST. Using broth microdilution method (BMD) as gold standard, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined. Results: Most hospitals (392, 46.1%) used Vitek 2, followed by 16% each for Phoenix, Microscan, and DL systems, and 5.9% (50) used TDR system. MICs of 22 antimicrobials were evaluated for two study isolates plus three ATCC strains. Individual susceptibility results for three ATCC strains (n=1581) were submitted by 780 (91.2%) hospitals. For each AST system, 8.7% (6/69) to 13.0% (33/253) reported MICs outside the expected range for several drugs. For the two study isolates, TDR and DL systems performed the worst in MIC determination and susceptibility categorization of cefazolin and cefepime, while the Microscan system had difficulties in susceptibility categorization for aztreonam and ertapenem. Categorical agreements were >90% for most antimicrobials tested for both the isolates, among which, using BMD, no essential agreements were noted for ampicillin, piperacillin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. All AST systems except Vitek 2 showed unacceptable VMEs for cefazolin (S1 and S2) and major errors for ceftazidime, cefepime, and aztreonam (isolate S1), while Vitek 2 showed a high VME rate for cefepime (10.0%) and meropenem (6.2%) for S2. Conclusion: None of the five automated systems met the criteria for acceptable AST performance, but Vitek 2 provided a relatively accurate and conservative performance for most of the antimicrobials.

10.
J Bone Oncol ; 12: 69-77, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30094136

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate effects and heat distribution of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) on vertebral tumors in vitro and in vivo swine experiments and its clinical application. Materials and methods: RFA was performed on the swine spine in vitro and in vivo for 20 min at 90 °C at the electrode tip, and the temperature at the electrode tip and surrounding tissues were recorded. Clinical application of ablation combined with vertebroplasty was subsequently performed in 4 patients with spinal tumors. Results: In the in vitro study, the mean temperature at the front and ventral wall of the spinal canal was 50.8 °C and 43.6 °C, respectively, at 20 mm significantly greater than 37.7 °C and 33.7 ± 1.7 °C, respectively, at 10 mm ablation depth. The coagulative necrosis area was significantly (P < 0.0001) greater at 20 mm depth than at 10 mm depth (mean 17.0 × 20.7 mm2 vs. 14.2 × 16.6 mm2). In the in vivo experiment, the local temperature increased significantly (P < 0.05) from around 36 °C before ablation to over 41 °C at 20 min after ablation, with the temperature at the electrode tip (90.4 °C) and within the vertebral body (67.0 °C) significantly (P < 0.05) greater than at the posterior (41.9 °C) and lateral wall (41.8 °C). From 2 to 5 weeks, bone remodeling began. Clinically, all four patients had successful RFA and vertebroplasty, with no neurological deficits. The pain scores were significanlty (P < 0.05) improved before (4.5-10, mean 8.0) compared with at four weeks (0-1.8, mean 1.8). Conclusion: The clustered electrode can be efficiently and safely applied in the treatment of spinal tumors without damaging the spinal cord and adjacent nerves by heat distribution.

11.
Front Plant Sci ; 9: 796, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29946333

RESUMO

Lodging is a persistent problem which severely reduce yield and impair seed quality in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Enhancing stem strength (SS) has proven to be an effective approach to decrease lodging risk. In the present study, four interrelated stem lodging-related traits, including stem breaking resistance (SBR), stem diameter (SD), SS, and lodging coefficient (LC), were investigated among 472 rapeseed accessions. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) using Brassica 60K SNP array for stem lodging-related traits identified 67 significantly associated quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and 71 candidate genes. In parallel, a gene co-expression network based on transcriptome sequencing was constructed. The module associated with cellulose biosynthesis was highlighted. By integrating GWAS and gene co-expression network analysis, some promising candidate genes, such as ESKIMO1 (ESK1, BnaC08g26920D), CELLULOSE SYNTHASE 6 (CESA6, BnaA09g06990D), and FRAGILE FIBER 8 (FRA8, BnaC04g39510D), were prioritized for further research. These findings revealed the genetic basis underlying stem lodging and provided worthwhile QTLs and genes information for genetic improvement of stem lodging resistance in B. napus.

12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8498, 2018 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29855560

RESUMO

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the essential staple food crops and tillering, panicle branching and grain filling are three important traits determining the grain yield. Although miRNAs have been reported being regulating yield, no study has systematically investigated how miRNAs differentially function in high and low yield rice, in particular at a network level. This abundance of data from high-throughput sequencing provides an effective solution for systematic identification of regulatory miRNAs using developed algorithms in plants. We here present a novel algorithm, Gene Co-expression Network differential edge-like transformation (GRN-DET), which can identify key regulatory miRNAs in plant development. Based on the small RNA and RNA-seq data, miRNA-gene-TF co-regulation networks were constructed for yield of rice. Using GRN-DET, the key regulatory miRNAs for rice yield were characterized by the differential expression variances of miRNAs and co-variances of miRNA-mRNA, including osa-miR171 and osa-miR1432. Phytohormone cross-talks (auxin and brassinosteroid) were also revealed by these co-expression networks for the yield of rice.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , MicroRNAs/genética , Oryza/genética , RNA de Plantas/genética , Algoritmos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Modelos Genéticos , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento
13.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 48(8): 753-759, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29931084

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the pain relief effect and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with a multitined electrode combined with cement injection in patients with painful metastatic bone tumors. Materials and methods: Sixteen patients with 34 osteolytic metastatic lesions were treated with RFA including 4 males and 12 females (age range 54-84). Thirteen patients with spinal metastases received additional cement injection. Medical imaging, a visual analog scale (VAS) and the EORTC QLQ-C30 were performed to evaluate the metastatic lesion, pain and quality of life, respectively, before and after RFA and at follow-ups. Results: The RFA and/or vertebroplasty with cement injection were successful in all patients (100%). Except for one patient who had cement leakage, no intraprocedural complications occurred. After RFA, severe refractory pain was greatly relieved in all patients, with pretreatment VAS score of 8.1 ± 1.4 significantly reduced to 5.5 ± 1.1 at 24 h, 2.8 ± 0.6 at 1 week and 1.4 ± 0.8 at 6 months (P < 0.01). The EORTC QLQ-C30 scale at 1 month demonstrated significant improvement (P < 0.05) in the physical (P = 0.03) and emotion function (P = 0.003), global health status (P = 0.002), pain (P = 0.001) and insomnia (P = 0.002). The analgesics were reduced after the procedure and stopped 2 months later in all patients, with greatly improved quality of life and no apparent pain. Followed up for 6-12 months, all patients remained alive with no recurrence of pain. Palliative pain relief and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation combined with cement injection for bone metastasis. Conclusion: RFA with or without bone cement is safe and effective in the palliative treatment of pain caused by metastatic bone tumors.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Manejo da Dor , Cuidados Paliativos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Analgésicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 34(2): 154-158, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Investigate the influence of benazepril and amlodipine on the expression of secretin (PZ) and somatostatin (SS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: Forty-five SHRs (14 weeks old, male) were randomly assigned into 3 groups (n=15):SHR group, Benazepril group (which was given benazepril 0.90 mg·kg-1·d-1) and Amlodipine group (SHRs were given amlodipine 0.45 mg· kg-1·d-1), taking WistarKyoto(WKY) as normal control (n=15), meanwhile, rats in SHR group and WKY group were given the same volume of distilled water. After 8 weeks of intervention, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay and RT-PCR. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of intervention, compared with the WKY group, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was increased significantly in SHR group (P<0. 05). Compared with SHR group, the expression of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was decreased significantly in Benazepril group and Amlodipine group (P<0.05). Compared with Benazepril group, in Amlodipine group the expression of PZ mRNA in duodenum and SS mRNA in sinuses ventriculi was decreased more significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The regulation disorder of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi exists in SHR. The antihypertensive effect of benazepril and amlodipine may be realized by regulating the expression of PZ and SS, while the regulation of amlodipine is more obvious than benazepril.


Assuntos
Anlodipino/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Benzazepinas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Secretina/metabolismo , Somatostatina/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 4237812, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29576848

RESUMO

Nucleic acid oxidation plays an important role in the pathophysiology progress of a variety of diseases. 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGsn) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxo-Gsn), which originate from DNA and RNA oxidation, were the most widely used indicators for oxidative stress. The study investigated the relation between 8-oxo-dGsn, 8-oxo-Gsn, and CKD. 146 patients with CKD were divided into five disease stages, and their fasting blood and morning urine were collected. The levels of 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn in plasma and urine were quantified by LC-MS/MS. The ratio of urinary 8-oxo-Gsn to creatinine increased from stages 1 to 4 corresponding to the increased severity of CKD, but it decreased in stage 5. And plasma 8-oxo-Gsn gradually increased with the decline of renal function. In particular, the increased ratio of plasma and urine 8-oxo-Gsn in stage 5 exceeded the concentration of creatinine. This trend was similar to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), which indicates that 8-oxo-Gsn could be an appropriate indicator for renal function. Our finding indicates that as the disease progresses, RNA oxidation is increased. The significant increase in the ratio of plasma and urinary 8-oxo-Gsn is a novel evaluation index of end-stage renal disease.


Assuntos
Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/urina , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Feminino , Guanosina/sangue , Guanosina/urina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; 40(7): 664-672, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29400576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is known that home blood pressure (HBP) is a more reliable assessment of hypertension treatments than clinical blood pressure (BP). Despite this, HBP response to a salt substitute has only been evaluated by one study which, did not look at the salt substitute's effect on family members and did not analyze by age, gender, or BP degree. The aim of this current study was to assess the effects of a low-sodium and high-potassium salt substitute on HBP among hypertensive patients and their family members. METHODS: A total of 220 households (including 220 hypertensive patients and 380 their families) were randomly assigned to the regular salt or salt substitute groups. HBP was measured at the beginning, 3rd, 6th, and 12th months. Among the patients (n = 220), only home systolic blood pressure (HSBP) was significantly reduced, by an adjusted baseline BP of 4.2 mm Hg (95% CI: 1.3-7.0 mm Hg), in the salt substitute group compared with those in the regular salt group at each visit (all P < 0.05). There were no detectable differences between groups for home diastolic blood pressure (HDBP) at any visit. Among the family members, HSBP and HDBP were not significantly different between the groups. Furthermore, Individuals ≥60 years old, hypertensive patients with stage-2 hypertension, family members with hypertension, and women experienced greater HSBP reduction. CONCLUSIONS: Older subjects, those with higher blood pressure, and women experienced greater home blood pressure reduction from the salt substitute compared to regular salt.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Potássio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dieta Hipossódica , Método Duplo-Cego , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Sístole
17.
J Diabetes ; 10(6): 458-466, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28256058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is accepted that HbA1c is an effective indicator to evaluate glycemic control. Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is seldom measured because traditional detection is inconvenient. In this regard, there may be an advantage in using HPLC autoanalysis of HbA1c as a surrogate method for HbF detection. The aim of the present study was to explore the distribution of HbA1c and HbF in a large Chinese Han population. METHODS: In all, 70 553 blood samples were collected between January 2012 and June 2016. Study subjects were inpatients undergoing routine medical care and were divided into four groups based on age: Group A, 20-39 years; Group B, 40-59 years; Group C, 60-79 years; and Group D, ≥80 years. Blood HbA1c and HbF concentrations were measured by HPLC using a Tosho Bioscience (Tokyo, Japan) G8 analyzer. RESULTS: There was a positive association between HbA1c and age, and a negative association between HbF and age. The concentration range of HbF was narrow and HbF concentrations were significantly higher in females than males, regardless of age (median 0.7% vs 0.6%, respectively; P < 0.0001). There was a low degree of correlation between HbF and HbA1c (r = 0.181, P < 0.0001). Although median HbA1c levels were higher in male than female subjects aged 20-59 years (5.5% vs 5.4%, respectively, in Group A; 5.9% vs 5.8%, respectively in Group B), in the 60-79 years group, HbA1c levels were lower in males than females (6.1% vs 6.2%, respectively; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that sex and age should be considered in clinical interpretation of HbA1c.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Hemoglobina Fetal/análise , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Índice Glicêmico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
18.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 1054, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28674549

RESUMO

Plant architecture is vital not only for crop yield, but also for field management, such as mechanical harvesting. The branch angle is one of the key factors determining plant architecture. With the aim of revealing the genetic control underlying branch angle in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.), the positional variation of branch angles on individual plants was evaluated, and the branch angle increased with the elevation of branch position. Furthermore, three middle branches of individual plants were selected to measure the branch angle because they exhibited the most representative phenotypic values. An association panel with 472 diverse accessions was estimated for branch angle trait in six environments and genotyped with a 60K Brassica Infinium® SNP array. As a result of association mapping, 46 and 38 significantly-associated loci were detected using a mixed linear model (MLM) and a multi-locus random-SNP-effect mixed linear model (MRMLM), which explained up to 62.2 and 66.2% of the cumulative phenotypic variation, respectively. Numerous highly-promising candidate genes were identified by annotating against Arabidopsis thaliana homologous, including some first found in rapeseed, such as TAC1, SGR1, SGR3, and SGR5. These findings reveal the genetic control underlying branch angle and provide insight into genetic improvements that are possible in the plant architecture of rapeseed.

19.
Free Radic Res ; 51(6): 616-621, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28641500

RESUMO

Oxidatively generated damage to nucleic acids may play an important role in the pathophysiological processes of a variety of diseases. 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGsn) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxo-Gsn) are oxidatively generated products of DNA and RNA, respectively. Our previous studies have suggested that the amounts of 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn in urine were considerably higher than other body fluid or tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn levels in random urine samples are consistent with those in 24 h urine samples in healthy subjects and patients with renal disease. A total of 16 healthy subjects and 104 renal disease patients were enrolled in this study, and their random and 24 h urine samples were collected. The levels of urinary 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn were quantified by LC-MS/MS and corrected by creatinine. Regardless of healthy subjects or renal disease patients, the levels of oxidised nucleosides in random urine samples were consistent with 24 h urine samples. Regardless of the age bracket, there is no significant difference between random samples and 24 h urine samples. In conclusion, 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn levels in random urine samples could replace those in 24 h urine samples, and were considered as the representative of the level of systemic oxidative stress for the whole day.


Assuntos
Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Glomerulonefrite/diagnóstico , Glomerulonefrite/urina , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/urina , Desoxiguanosina/urina , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/fisiopatologia , Guanosina/urina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo
20.
Pathog Dis ; 75(4)2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28430965

RESUMO

A series of inflammatory responses caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae largely depend on the lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs). Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor, is considered to be a critical modulator of inflammatory responses and cellular redox homeostasis. Monocytes play an important role in the invasion and immunity to resist pathogens. Here, we investigated the role of Nrf2 in the anti-inflammatory response stimulated by LAMPs using the human monocyte cell line THP-1. LAMPs were shown to affect the localization of Nrf2, and the levels of reactive oxygen species and inflammatory reactants, including nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and cytokines (IL-6, IL-8), were highly elevated in LAMP-stimulated Nrf2-silenced THP-1 cells. Moreover, LAMPs induced the levels of mRNA and the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). In summary, our results demonstrated that LAMPs cause nuclear translocation of Nrf2, which further suppresses the expression of inflammatory reactants in THP-1 cells.


Assuntos
Heme Oxigenase-1/biossíntese , Tolerância Imunológica , Inflamação , Proteínas Ligadas a Lipídeos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/imunologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células THP-1
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