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1.
Life Sci ; 249: 117503, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142767

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the role and mechanism of insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF-1)-mediated EMT on multiple myeloma (MM) growth and metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression data from GEO datasets were utilized to explore the expression levels of IGF-1 and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in MM. Western blotting and flow cytometry analysis were performed to detect the protein levels of EMT markers as well as key components of the PI3K/Akt pathway. Cell proliferation ability was assessed using colony formation assay and EdU incorporation assays. Transwell migration and invasion assays were performed to assess cell metastasis properties. Vimentin was knocked down by using electro-transfection with small interfering RNA (siRNA) to detect the effect of IGF-1-mediated EMT on MM cell growth and metastasis. KEY FINDINGS: First of all, the analysis of GEO database revealed that IGF-1 was excessively expressed and closely correlated with the expression of the EMT markers in MM patients. Furthermore, we demonstrated that IGF-1 enhanced the acquisition of mesenchymal features in a time-dependent manner. Additionally, in vitro studies revealed that IGF-1-mediated mesenchymal phenotype promoted MM migration, invasion and colony formation. Finally, the mechanism study showed PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was involved in the IGF-1-induced EMT in MM cells. SIGNIFICANCE: IGF-1-induced mesenchymal phenotype contributed to MM progression via the PI3K/Akt pathway regulation.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196325

RESUMO

Creating high-density durable bifunctional active sites in air electrode is essential, but still challenging for long-life rechargeable zinc-air battery with appealing power density. Herein, we discover a general strategy mediated by metastable rocksalt oxides for achieving high-density well-defined transition metal nanocrystals encapsulated in N-doped carbon shells (M@NC) which are anchored on substrate by porous carbon network as highly-active and durable bifunctional catalytic sites. Well-dispersed Co2Fe1@NC in a small uniform size (15 ± 5 nm) and high density (metal loading up to 54.0 wt%) offers zinc-air battery a record power density of 423.7 mW cm-2. The dual protection from the complete graphitic carbon shells and the anchoring of outer carbon network makes Co2Fe1@NC chemically and mechanically durable, giving the battery a long cycling life. Systematic in-situ temperature-dependent characterizations as well as DFT modelling rationalize the rocksalt-oxide mediated process and its indispensable role in achieving high-density nanosized M@NC. These findings open up opportunities for designing efficient electrocatalysts towards high-performance Zn-air batteries and diverse energy devices.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211703

RESUMO

Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite (HOIP) materials have caught significant attention in photovoltaics and photoelectronics for their outstanding photovoltaic properties. However, their instability to various environment, such as illumination, temperature, moisture and oxygen, hinders their way to commercialization. To figure out the interaction mechanism between H2O and CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3), extensive theoretical studies have been carried out; however, the experimental results are insufficient and inconsistent. Here, we systematically investigate and compare the influence of H2O on MAPbI3 perovskite films with or without DMF) post-annealing in dark or light condition. The interaction between H2O and the surface of pristine MAPbI3 leads to the fusion of grain boundaries thus grain growth into micron level in short-time moisture exposure. While the penetration of H2O into MAPbI3 results in swelled crystalline whisker, cracking into smaller grains in long-time exposure upon the release of H2O. However, no degradation occurs in dark condition. As the DMF post-annealing treatment changes the surface states of MAPbI3, the interactions between the external H2O and internal MAPbI3 significantly varies from the pristine MAPbI3. Three different surface states with different topographies have influence on the interaction process and mechanism with H2O, leading to different decomposition rates, the striped surface that is the most rough among the three and experiencing the minimum change in surface potential with exposure to 80% humidity decomposes into PbI2 fastest. However, the addition of light will once again affect the aforementioned process. It is found that even ambient light could severely speed up the moisture-induced decomposition of MAPbI3, while the N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) post-annealing treatment significantly improves the stability of MAPbI3 films upon exposure to humidity and illumination, benefiting from the MAI-deficient thus H2O resistant surface.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e1906015, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027058

RESUMO

Developing low-cost, highly efficient, and durable electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is essential for the practical application of electrochemical water splitting. Herein, it is discovered that organic small molecule (hexabromobenzene, HBB) can activate commercial transition metal (Ni, Fe, and NiFe) foam by directly evolving metal nanomeshes embedded in graphene-like films (M-NM@G) through a facile Br-induced solid-phase migration process. Systematic investigations indicate that HBB can conformally generate graphene-like network on bulk metal foam substrate via the cleavage of CBr bonds and the formation of CC linkage. Simultaneously, the cleaved CBr fragments can efficiently extract metal atoms from bulk substrate, in situ producing transition metal nanomeshes embedded in the graphene-like films. As a result, such functional nanostructure can serve as an efficient OER electrocatalyst with a low overpotential and excellent long-term stability. Specifically, the overpotential at 100 mA cm-2 is only 208 mV for NiFe-NM@G, ranking the top-tier OER electrocatalysts. This work demonstrates an intriguing general strategy for directly transforming bulk transition metals into nanostructured functional electrocatalysts via the interaction with organic small molecules, opening up opportunities for bridging the application of organic small molecules in energy technologies.

5.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 25(2): 357-367, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026316

RESUMO

Proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is one of the most effective drugs currently available for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). However, the intrinsic and acquired resistance to bortezomib can limit its effectiveness. The activation of heat shock response has been characterized as a potential resistance mechanism protecting MM cells from bortezomib-induced cell death. In this study, in response to bortezomib therapy, we discovered that HSP70 is one of the most substantially upregulated heat shock proteins. In order to further explore approaches to sensitizing bortezomib-based treatment for MM, we investigated whether targeting HSP70 using a specific inhibitor VER-155008 combined with bortezomib could overcome the acquired resistance in MM. We found that HSP70 inhibitor VER-155008 alone significantly decreased MM cell viability. Moreover, the combination of VER-155008 and bortezomib synergistically induced MM cell apoptosis markedly in vitro. Notably, the combined treatment was found to increase the cleavage of PARP, an early marker of chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Importantly, the reduction of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Mcl-1 and the induction of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member BH3-only protein NOXA and Bim were confirmed to be tightly associated with the synergism. Finally, the ER stress marker CHOP (CCAAT-enhancer binding protein homologous protein), which can cause transcriptional activation of genes involved in cell apoptosis, was markedly induced by both VER-155008 and bortezomib. Taken together, our finding of a strong synergistic interaction between VER-155008 and bortezomib may support for combination therapy in MM patients in the future.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943656

RESUMO

Nitrogen-doped carbon materials (N-Cmat ) are emerging as low-cost metal-free electrocatalysts for the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2 RR), although the activities are still unsatisfactory and the genuine active site is still under debate. We demonstrate that the CO2 RR to CO preferentially takes place on pyridinic N rather than pyrrolic N using phthalocyanine (Pc) and porphyrin with well-defined N-Cmat configurations as molecular model catalysts. Systematic experiments and theoretic calculations further reveal that the CO2 RR performance on pyridinic N can be significantly boosted by electronic modulation from in-situ-generated metallic Co nanoparticles. By introducing Co nanoparticles, Co@Pc/C can achieve a Faradaic efficiency of 84 % and CO current density of 28 mA cm-2 at -0.9 V, which are 18 and 47 times higher than Pc/C without Co, respectively. These findings provide new insights into the CO2 RR on N-Cmat , which may guide the exploration of cost-effective electrocatalysts for efficient CO2 reduction.

7.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 69(3): 421-434, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919623

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma cell malignancy typically associated with the high and uniform expression of the CD38 transmembrane glycoprotein. Daratumumab is a humanized IgG1κ CD38 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) which has demonstrated impressive single agent activity even in relapsed refractory MM patients as well as strong synergy with other anti-MM drugs. Natural Killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic immune effector cells that mediate in vivo tumour immunosurveillance. NK cells also play an important role during MoAb therapy by inducing antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) via their FcγRIII (CD16) receptor. Furthermore, 15% of the population express a naturally occurring variant of CD16 harbouring a single-point polymorphism (F158V). However, the contribution of NK cells to the efficacy of daratumumab remains debatable as clinical data clearly indicate the rapid depletion of CD38high peripheral blood NK cells in patients upon daratumumab administration. In contrast, CD38low peripheral blood NK cells have been shown to survive daratumumab mediated fratricide in vivo, while still retaining their potent anti-MM cytolytic effector functions ex vivo. Therefore, we hypothesize that transiently expressing the CD16F158V receptor using a "safe" mRNA electroporation-based approach on CD38low NK cells in combination with daratumumab could represent a novel therapeutic option for treatment of MM. In the present study, we investigate a NK cell line (KHYG-1), derived from a patient with aggressive NK cell leukemia, as a platform for generating CD38low NK cells expressing CD16F158V which can be administered as an "off-the-shelf" therapy to target both CD38high and CD38low tumour clones in patients receiving daratumumab.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(2): 914-918, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845940

RESUMO

As a representative in-plane anisotropic two-dimensional (2D) material, germanium monoselenide (GeSe) has attracted considerable attention recently due to its various in-plane anisotropic material properties originating from the low symmetry of a puckered honeycomb structure. Although there have been plenty of reports on the in-plane anisotropic vibrational, electrical and optical properties of GeSe, the strain effect on those appealing anisotropies is still under exploration. Here we report a systematic first-principles computational investigation of strain-engineering of the anisotropic electronic properties of GeSe monolayers. We found that the anisotropic ratio of the effective mass and mobility of charge carriers (electrons and holes) of GeSe along two principle axes can be controlled by using simple strain conditions. Notably, the preferred conducting direction of GeSe can be even rotated by 90° under an appropriate uniaxial strain (>5%). Such effective strain modulation of the electronic anisotropy of GeSe monolayers provides them abundant opportunities for future mechanical-electronic devices.

9.
Small ; 15(49): e1903057, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701640

RESUMO

Electroless deposition via a spontaneous redox reaction between the metal precursor and support is believed to be a promising approach for the syntheses of supported metal nanoparticles (SMNPs). However, its widespread applications are significantly prohibited by the low reductivity and high cost of support. To overcome these shortcomings, a porous carbon (PC) is herein developed as a promising matrix for the electroless deposition of metal NPs. Benefiting from abundant oxygen-based surface functional groups, the PC shows stronger reducibility (low redox potential) than conventional carbon substrate such as carbon nanotubes or graphene oxide, enabling a facile electroless deposition of Ir, Rh, and Ru NPs on its surface. These SMNPs exhibit an impressive electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) or hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR). For example, the Rh NP/PC can deliver an HER current density of 10 mA cm-2 with a small overpotential of 21 mV in 0.5 m H2 SO4 , while the Ru NP/PC exhibits excellent HOR activity in 0.1 m KOH in terms of high mass and surface specific exchange current density of 263 A g-1 Ru and 0.227 mA cm-2 Ru . The present strategy may open up opportunities for mass production of efficient supported NPs for diverse applications.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(45): 18075-18082, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638806

RESUMO

Defect passivation using oxygen has been identified as an efficient and convenient approach to suppress nonradiative recombination and improve the photovoltaic performance of hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites (HHPs). However, oxygen can seriously undermine the chemical stability of HHPs due to the reaction of superoxide with protonated organic cations such as CH3NH3+ and [(NH2)2CH]+, thus hindering the deep understanding of how oxygen affects their defect properties. Here we substitute free-proton inorganic Cs+ for organic moiety to avoid the negative effect of oxygen and then systematically investigate the oxygen passivation mechanism in all-inorganic halide perovskites (IHPs) from theory to experiment. We find that, in contrast to conventional oxygen molecule passivation just through physisorption on the surface of perovskites, the oxygen atom can provide a better passivation effect due to its stronger interaction with perovskites. The key point to achieve O-passivated perovskites rather than O2 is the dry-air processing condition, which can dissociate the O2 into O during the annealing process. O-passivated IHP solar cells exhibit enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE) and better air stability than O2-passivated cells. These results not only provide deep insights into the passivation effect of oxygen on perovskites but also demonstrate the great potential of IHPs for high photovoltaic performance with simplified ambient processing.

11.
Acta Haematol ; : 1-10, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to detect the expression of long noncoding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 18 (SNHG18) andsemaphorin 5A (SEMA5A) genes in multiple myeloma (MM) patients and to explore the correlation of the expression of these genes with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of MM patients. METHODS: Forty-seven newly diagnosed MM, 18 complete remission MM, 13 refractory/relapse MM, and 22 iron deficiency anemia (serving as control) samples were extracted at the Department of Hematology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xian Jiaotong University between January 2015 and December 2016. The clinical features of the MM patients are summarized. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to analyze the relative expression levels of the SNHG18 and SEMA5Agenes. The clinical characteristics and overall survival (OS) of the MM patients were statistically analyzed while measuring different levels of SNHG18 and SEMA5Agene expression. At the same time, the correlation between the expression of SNHG18 and SEMA5A was also analyzed. RESULTS: The analysis confirmed that SNHG18 and its possible target gene SEMA5A were both highly expressed in newly diagnosed MM patients. After analyzing the clinical significance of SNHG18 and SEMA5A in MM patients, we found that the expression of SNHG18 and SEMA5A was related to the Durie-Salmon (DS), International Staging System (ISS), and Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) classification systems, and the Mayo Clinic Risk Stratification for Multiple Myeloma (mSMART; p < 0.05). Moreover, we observed a significant difference in OS between the SNHG18/SEMA5A high expression group and the low expression group. We found a positive correlation between SNHG18 and SEMA5A expression (r = 0.709, p < 0.01). Surprisingly, the expected median OS times of both the SNHG18 and SEMA5Ahigh expression groups were significantly decreased, which was in contrast to those of both the SNHG18 and SEMA5Alow expression groups and the single-gene high expression group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: High expression of both SNHG18 and SEMA5A is associated with poor prognosis in patients with MM.

12.
J Comput Biol ; 26(12): 1409-1417, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290678

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer (TC) ranks as the most common endocrine malignancy, and its incidence and mortality rates continue to rise annually. Increasing evidence have shown that DNA methylation, a kind of stable epigenetic modification, is associated with carcinogenesis, suggesting its potential as biomarkers for the early detection of tumors. With the aim of exploring likely DNA methylation biomarkers for TC diagnosis, we conducted a synthetic analysis of DNA methylation profiles based on 789 samples from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. In the discovery phase, we identified five CpG probes (cg11228682, cg01291854, cg06778183, cg01668008, and cg01702055) on the condition of DNA methylation data from GSE86961 (n = 82) and constructed a five-CpG signature-based diagnostic model for TC. In addition, we validated the diagnostic score formula in two independent training cohorts, GSE97466 (n = 141) and TCGA (n = 566), as well as the previous developing cohort GSE86961. Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed that the five-CpG signature had a good diagnostic performance to distinguish TC samples from benign samples. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the five-CpG signature could provide a novel biomarker with useful applications in TC diagnosis.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(27): 24247-24253, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246410

RESUMO

In-plane anisotropic two-dimensional (2D) materials, especially black phosphorus and ReS2, have attracted significant interest recently as they can provide one more dimension to manipulate their physical properties when compared with isotropic 2D materials. As a representative anisotropic 2D material, germanium monosulfide (GeS) has emerged as a new research hot topic in this field because of its unique in-plane anisotropic physical properties. Despite the rapid growing progress in the study of GeS, many of their fundamental optical anisotropies are still absent. Here, we report the three-dimensional (3D) optical anisotropy of GeS from theory to experiment. The 3D optical anisotropic properties including extinction, refraction, absorption, and reflection were systematically investigated through density functional calculations. The anisotropic refraction and reflection of GeS were experimentally verified by polarization-resolved optical microscopy and azimuth-dependent reflectance difference microscopy, respectively. Finally, a GeS-based linear dichroic photodetector was demonstrated with a dichroic ratio of 1.45 because of its polarization sensitive absorption. Our results provide deep insights into the optical anisotropy of GeS, which is important for the further development of GeS-based optoelectronic and optical devices.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(28): 9414-9418, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041835

RESUMO

Interfacial charge collection efficiency has demonstrated significant effects on the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Herein, crystalline phase-dependent charge collection is investigated by using rutile and anatase TiO2 electron transport layer (ETL) to fabricate PSCs. The results show that rutile TiO2 ETL enhances the extraction and transportation of electrons to FTO and reduces the recombination, thanks to its better conductivity and improved interface with the CH3 NH3 PbI3 (MAPbI3 ) layer. Moreover, this may be also attributed to the fact that rutile TiO2 has better match with perovskite grains, and less trap density. As a result, comparing with anatase TiO2 ETL, MAPbI3 PSCs with rutile TiO2 ETL delivers significantly enhanced performance with a champion PCE of 20.9 % and a large open circuit voltage (VOC ) of 1.17 V.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(43): 6134, 2019 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073586

RESUMO

Correction for 'NiS2 nanodotted carnation-like CoS2 for enhanced electrocatalytic water splitting' by Weili Xin et al., Chem. Commun., 2019, 55, 3781-3784.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(24): 21627-21633, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136145

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic halide perovskite materials are emerging as a new class of photoelectric materials for its low cost, easy preparation, and, especially, outstanding optoelectronic properties. Although tremendous efforts have been made on the regulation and optimization of perovskite materials and their microscopic electrical properties for high-efficiency solar cells, few reports focus on the evolution of electrical properties with temperature changes, especially at the microscopic scale, which will directly affect the device performances at varying temperatures. Here, we map the contact potential difference and photocurrent distribution of MAPbI3 at different temperatures in situ by Kelvin probe force microscopy and conductive atomic force microscopy, emphasizing the different influences of variable temperature and phase transition on the photoelectric properties of grains and grain boundaries (GBs). It is discovered that both the Fermi level and photocurrent decrease as the sample is heated from 30 to 80 °C gradually because of the variation of effective carrier concentration and the degradation of carrier mobility implicated by lattice vibration scattering. The difference between the Fermi level at GBs and that on the grains ascends first and then descends, peaking at 50 °C, near which MAPbI3 transforms from a tetragonal phase to a cubic phase. This peak is speculated as a comprehensive consequence of the increasing difference of the Fermi level of semiconductors with different doping concentrations and the converging properties of grains and GBs with the temperature rising because the lower ion activation energy of the cubic phase at higher temperatures facilitates greatly the ions' movement between grains and GB. The variation trend of the difference of the photocurrent is the same. These findings advance the knowledge on the temperature-induced variations of microscopic photoelectrical properties of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials, which may guide the development of strategies for improving their thermal stability.

17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(17): 7005-7013, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933480

RESUMO

Ni or Co is commonly required in efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Although Fe is much more abundant and cheaper, full-Fe or Fe-rich catalysts suffer from insufficient activity. Herein, we discover that Se-doping can drastically promote OER on FeOOH and develop a facile on-site electrochemical activation strategy for achieving such a Se-doped FeOOH electrode via an FeSe precatalyst. Theoretical analysis and systematic experiments prove that Se-doping enables FeOOH as an efficient and low-cost OER electrocatalyst. By optimizing the electrode structure, an industrial-level OER current output of 500 mA cm-2 is secured at a low overpotential of 348 mV. The application of such an Fe-rich OER electrode in a practical solar-driven water splitting system demonstrates a high and stable solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 18.55%, making the strategy promising for exploring new cost-effective and highly active electrocatalysts for clean hydrogen production.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(26): 3781-3784, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864580

RESUMO

Combining ultrasmall NiS2 nanodots with three-dimensional carnation-like CoS2 microstructures is demonstrated to be able to enhance the electrocatalytic activities for both the oxygen and hydrogen evolution reactions, leading to efficient overall alkaline water splitting.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 512(2): 360-366, 2019 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894277

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is a primary malignant bone tumor, characterized by high therapeutic resistance and poor outcomes, due to unclear pathological mechanisms. It has been shown recently that the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)/platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) pathway is closely associated with the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. Hypoxia is a critical hallmark of tumor microenvironment that promotes the malignant phenotype in many solid tumors and a fundamental impediment to effective tumor therapy. In this study, we confirmed that hypoxia is an important feature of osteosarcoma, validated by the positive immunohistochemistry staining of hypoxia marker hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) in osteosarcoma tissue samples. More importantly, we discovered that hypoxia could transcriptionally upregulate the expression of both PDGF-BB and PDGFR-ß in osteosarcoma cells in vitro. Likewise, we also established that hypoxia-induced PDGF-BB is strongly related to the enhanced cell proliferation and migration, by activating AKT, ERK1/2, and STAT3 signaling pathways. Notably, when using an antibody to block the autocrine of PDGF-BB, cell proliferation and migration were partially aborted in hypoxia. Collectively, we demonstrated that the hypoxia-activated PDGF-BB/PDGFR-ß axis plays essential roles in osteosarcoma progression. These findings may shed light on the molecular pathogenesis of osteosarcoma, and provide a novel strategy for osteosarcoma treatment by combinational targeting hypoxia and PDGF-BB/PDGFR signaling.


Assuntos
Becaplermina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Hipóxia Tumoral/fisiologia , Becaplermina/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Hipóxia Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1278, 2019 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894539

RESUMO

Although single-atomically dispersed metal-Nx on carbon support (M-NC) has great potential in heterogeneous catalysis, the scalable synthesis of such single-atom catalysts (SACs) with high-loading metal-Nx is greatly challenging since the loading and single-atomic dispersion have to be balanced at high temperature for forming metal-Nx. Herein, we develop a general cascade anchoring strategy for the mass production of a series of M-NC SACs with a metal loading up to 12.1 wt%. Systematic investigation reveals that the chelation of metal ions, physical isolation of chelate complex upon high loading, and the binding with N-species at elevated temperature are essential to achieving high-loading M-NC SACs. As a demonstration, high-loading Fe-NC SAC shows superior electrocatalytic performance for O2 reduction and Ni-NC SAC exhibits high electrocatalytic activity for CO2 reduction. The strategy paves a universal way to produce stable M-NC SAC with high-density metal-Nx sites for diverse high-performance applications.

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