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1.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(5): 794-795, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573605

RESUMO

In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Cerogria popularis Borchmann, 1936 based on the Illumina platform. The circular DNA molecule is 16,175 bp in size, including the 37 typical animal mitochondrial genes and a non-coding control region. All 37 genes are arranged in the same order as the previously reported most mitogenomes of Tenebrionidae. All PCGs initiate with standard start codon ATN (ATA/T/G/C) except cox1 with the special start codon AAT. Most PCGs terminate with TAA/G, whereas cox1, atp6, nad5, and nad4 end with its incomplete form T-. All the 22 tRNAs have the typical clover-leaf structure except for trnS1. The rrnL and rrnS genes are 1,250 and 737 bp in length, with an AT content of 82.6 and 84.5%, respectively. The phylogenetic tree supports the monophyly of the included tenebrionid subfamilies represented by more than one species. Furthermore, the sister relationship between Lagriinae and other tenebrionid subfamilies is recovered.

2.
Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA ; : e1740, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574699

RESUMO

Central nervous system injury diseases can cause the loss of many neurons, and it is difficult to regenerate. The field of regenerative medicine believes that supplementing the missing neurons may be an ideal method for nerve injury repair. Recent studies have found that down-regulation of polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 (PTBP1) expression can make glial cells transdifferentiate into different types of neurons, which is expected to be an alternative therapy to restore neuronal function. This article summarized the research progress on the structure and biological function of the PTBP family, the mutual regulation of PTBP1 and PTBP2, their role in neurogenesis, and the latest research progress in targeting PTBP1 to mediate the transdifferentiation of glial cells into neurons, which may provide some new strategies and new ideas for the future treatment of central nervous system injury and neurodegenerative diseases. This article is categorized under: RNA Processing > Splicing Regulation/Alternative Splicing.

3.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(7): 2949-2961, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35541900

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a massive threat to women's health due to its high morbidity, malignancy, and the refractory, effective therapeutic option of TNBC is still deficient. The mitochondrial protein showed therapeutic potential on breast cancer, whereas the mechanism and downstream pathway of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) was not fully elucidated. We found that UCP1 was negatively regulated to the process of TNBC. Overexpressing UCP1 could inhibit the proliferation and metastasis of TNBC, meanwhile inducing the mitochondrial swelling and activation of mitophagy in vitro. Mitophagy activation was then assessed to elucidate whether it was downstream of UCP1 in TNBC metastasis. GSDME is the core of pyroptosis. We found that GSDME was activated in the TNBC cells when UCP1 levels were high. It regulates TNBC cell proliferation potential instead of the apoptosis process in vitro and in vivo. Our results suggested that UCP1 could inhibit the process of TNBC by activating mitophagy and pyroptosis. Impaired activation of mitophagy weakens the regulation effect of UCP1 on metastasis of TNBC, similar to the impairment of GSDME activation on the proliferation regulation of UCP1 on TNBC. UCP1 might be a novel therapeutic target of TNBC.

4.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 612: 70-76, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504092

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose induces acute liver injury (ALI), even acute liver failure (ALF). There is a significant unmet need to furtherly elucidate the mechanisms and find new therapeutic target. Recently, emerging evidence indicates that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) plays a crucial role in APAP-induced ALI. Herein, we firstly investigated the protein expression of NAD kinase (NADK), as the rate-limiting enzyme converting NAD+ to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+), and found it was positively correlated with APAP-induced ALI in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Additionally, supplementation of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), known as an antidote of APAP, mitigated the ALI and downregulated the expression of NADK which was also in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, pretreatment with methotrexate (MTX), the inhibitor of NADK, attenuated the levels of transaminases, alleviated morphological abnormalities, and improved oxidative stress triggered by APAP overdose, which was attributed to elevated hepatic NAD+ pool. Subsequently, the increased NAD+ upregulated the expression of Sirt1, SOD2 and attenuated DNA damage. Collectively, elevated expression of NADK is related to APAP-induced ALI, and inhibition of NADK alleviates the ALI through elevating liver NAD+ level and improving antioxidant capacity.

5.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(4): 045105, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489943

RESUMO

Wearable thermoelectric generators can harvest heat from the human body to power an intelligent electronic device, which plays an important role in wearable electronics. However, due to the complexity of human skin, there is still no unified standard for performance testing of wearable thermoelectric generators under wearable conditions. Herein, a test platform suitable for a wearable thermoelectric generator was designed and built by simulating the structure of the arm. Based on the biological body temperature regulation function, water flow and water temperature substitute blood flow and blood temperature, the silicone gel with some thickness simulates the skin layer of the human arm, thus achieving the goal of adjusting the thermal resistance of human skin. Meanwhile, the weight is used as the contact pressure to further ensure the reliability and accuracy of the test data. In addition, the environment regulatory system is set up to simulate the outdoor day. Actually, the maximum deviation of the performance of the thermoelectric generator worn on the test platform and human arm is ∼5.2%, indicating the accuracy of objective evaluation.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura , Água
6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 150: 112988, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468583

RESUMO

Although extensive development has been made in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), adverse effects and incomplete efficacy of currently used medications are continuous challenge. Accumulated reports on the benefits of chitosan oligosaccharides in intestinal disorders make chitotriose (COS) a breakthrough in the development of new IBD drugs. This study aimed to investigate the biosafety, efficacy and pharmacological mechanisms of COS in the treatment of experimental IBD in compare with the commercial 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). In this study, COS effectively relieved active inflammation, restored epithelial function, and reduced intestinal fibrosis. Further investigation demonstrated that COS treatment regulated redox state of the colon tissue by stimulating the transcription factor nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), increasing production of endogenous antioxidants, and alleviating oxidative stress. The offset of oxidative stress shut down the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-ĸB) inflammatory pathway, mitophagy of epithelial cells, M2 macrophage polarization in pre-fibrotic inflammation, and myofibroblast activation in intestinal fibrogenesis. In conclusion, COS is a safe and effective therapeutic agent for experimental IBD as a redox regulator. Our results expand the current understanding of the pharmacology of chitosan oligosaccharides for IBD treatment and provides experimental basis for the medicinal development of small molecule carbohydrates.

7.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 607: 103-109, 2022 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367821

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence suggests that metabolic events play essential roles in the development of liver fibrosis. Immune response gene 1 (IRG1) catalyzes the generation of itaconate, which function as a metabolic checkpoint under several pathological circumstances. In the present study, the hepatic level of IRG1 was determined in mice with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis. And then the pathological significance of IRG1 and the pharmacological potential of 4-octyl itaconate (4-OI), a cell-permeable derivate of itaconate, in liver fibrosis were investigated in mice. The results indicated that the hepatic level of IRG1 was upregulated in mice with liver fibrosis. CCl4-induced formation of fibrotic septa and deposition of collagen was aggravated in IRG1 KO mice. IRG1 deletion also resulted in increased expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1), enhanced phosphorylation of Smad3, elevated level of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and hydroxyproline, which were associated with compromised activation of nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-mediated antioxidant system and exacerbated oxidative stress. Interestingly, supplementation with 4-OI activated Nrf2 pathway, suppressed TGF-ß1 signaling and attenuated fibrogenesis. Our data indicated that upregulation of IRG1 might function as a protective response during the development of liver fibrosis, and 4-OI might have potential value for the pharmacological intervention of liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Fator de Transcrição de Proteínas de Ligação GA/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Imunidade , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 7367328, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402615

RESUMO

Bleomycin is a common antitumor agent used to treat many different types of malignancies; however, its main side effect is pulmonary fibrosis. The mechanism of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (BIPF) has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, to further explore the molecular mechanisms of BIPF, we screened for microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA expression obtained from BIPF samples from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Subsequently, we identified the differentially expressed miRNAs and genes that overlapped with the differentially expressed miRNAs target genes, predicted by using the miRWalk database selected as a candidate. The candidate genes were visualized based on Gene Ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed. Hub differentially expressed genes were selected and corresponding miRNAs to construct a miRNA-mRNA regulation network. Then, we chose three key miRNAs to study their regulatory relationship in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Finally, mouse lung epithelial cells TC-1 and MLE-12 were treated with bleomycin with qPCR to validate the results of three important hub genes and all key miRNAs. And dual-luciferase report experiment was carried out to verify the interaction of mmu-miR-1946a and serpina3n. The results revealed that the imbalance of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) plays a pivotal role in the occurrence and development of BIPF. In addition, Serpina3n and mmu-miR-1946a were proved interaction and may be involved in the regulation of the balance between MMP-9 and TIMP-1. The experimental results also verify the analysis. Our findings provide new insights into the key mediators and pathways related to the molecular mechanisms of BIPF.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/genética
9.
Tzu Chi Med J ; 34(2): 232-238, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35465279

RESUMO

Objectives: The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the number of patients undergoing dialysis in Taiwan are high. Since September 2009, the National Health Insurance has started to provide hospice care to patients with renal failure in Taiwan. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the use of hospice and nonhospice care in patients with ESRD on dialysis. We aim to understand trends in patients with ESRD receiving hospice and nonhospice care as well as medical care efforts during the last month of their lives (2009-2013). Materials and Methods: The cohort study was conducted using 1 million randomly selected samples from the Taiwan Health Insurance Research Database for millions of people in Taiwan in 2009-2013. Descriptive statistics were presented to summarize the characteristics of data. To compare differences between cohorts, Chi-square tests and Student's t-tests were used. Mann-Whitney U-tests were performed for nonnormally distributed data. Mantel-Haenszel test was test for trend. Results: We recruited 770 ESRD patients who underwent hemodialysis; among them, 154 patients received hospice care. Patients who received hospice care had a significantly longer survival time after removal of mechanical ventilator (20 vs. 0 days) and after discontinuation of dialysis (2 vs. 0 days) compared with those who did not receive hospice care. Patients who received hospice care had more pain control (61.04% vs. 17.37%, P < 0.0001) and other symptomatic control (55.84% vs. 43.18% with diuretics, P < 0.05; 64.29% and 48.21% with laxatives, P = 0.0004) medications than those who did not. Nevertheless, the overall medical cost in the hospice group was significantly lower (90 USD and 280 USD, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our results suggest that the addition of hospice care may permit patients a longer life-support-free survival time. In addition, despite a more frequent symptomatic controlling agent use, hospice care significantly reduced the overall medical expenditure.

10.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0265049, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35404961

RESUMO

Human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) play important roles in all stages of wound healing. However, in nonhealing wounds, fibroblasts are prone to aging, resulting in insufficient migration, proliferation and secretion functions. Recent studies have suggested that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are conducive to wound healing and cell growth through paracrine cytokine signaling. In our studies, we found that conditioned medium of MSCs pretreated with IFN-γ and TNF-α (IT MSC-CM) has abundant growth factors associated with wound repair. Our in vitro results showed that the effects of IT MSC-CM on promoting cell migration, proliferation and activation in HDFs were better than those of conditioned medium from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC-CM). Moreover, we embedded a scaffold material containing IT MSC-CM and reconfirmed that cell migration and activation were superior to that in the presence of MSC-CM in vivo. Generally, PDGF-BB is perceived as a promoter of the migration and proliferation of HDFs. Moreover, a high level of PDGF-BB in IT MSC-CM was detected, according to which we guess that the effect on HDFs may be mediated by the upregulation of PDGF-BB. These studies all showed the potential of IT MSC-CM to promote rapid and effective wound healing.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Becaplermina/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos
11.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 46(2): 156-159, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411741

RESUMO

Intelligent and precision medical treatment is the future development trend of surgical operations. We proposed a core architecture of orthopedic robots with human-like thinking based on the growing demand for orthopedic robots and disadvantages of current robots, it consists of brain, eyes and hands three modules according to functions. The architecture design is extremely in line with the doctor's logic so that the work process of the orthopedic robot is similar to the process of traditional surgery which is mainly done by the doctor's brain-eye-hand coordination. It realizes the digitization of the doctor's thinking, the immediacy and visualization of surgical information and the accuracy of surgical operation process. The clinical application proved that the orthopedic robot has the advantages of higher accuracy, less radiation and shorter operation time, which can be further promoted clinically.


Assuntos
Robótica , Mãos , Humanos
12.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35315077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is a key enzyme in alcohol metabolism. The ALDH2*2 mutations are found in approximately 45% of East Asians, with 40% being heterozygous (HE) ALDH2*1/*2 and 5% homozygous (HO) ALDH2*2/*2. Studies have shown that HO mice lack cardioprotective effects induced by moderate alcohol consumption. However, the impact of moderate alcohol consumption on cardiac function in HE mice is unknown. METHODS: In this study, HO, HE, and wild-type (WT) mice were subjected to a 6-week moderate alcohol drinking protocol, following which myocardial tissue and cardiomyocytes of the mice were extracted. RESULTS: We found that moderate alcohol exposure did not increase mortality, myocardial fibrosis, apoptosis, or inflammation in HE mice, which differs from the effects observed in HO mice. After exposure to the 6-week alcohol drinking protocol, there was impaired cardiac function, cardiomyocyte contractility, and intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and mitochondrial function in both HE and HO mice as compared to WT mice. Moreover, these animals showed overt oxidative stress production and increased levels of the activated forms of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and ryanodine receptor type 2 (RYR2) phosphorylation protein. CONCLUSION: We found that moderate alcohol exposure impaired cardiac function in HE mice, possibly by increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS)/CaMKII/RYR2-mediated Ca2+ handling abnormalities. Hence, we advocate that people with ALDH2*1/*2 genotypes rigorously avoid alcohol consumption to prevent potential cardiovascular harm induced by moderate alcohol consumption.

13.
J Magn Reson ; 338: 107188, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338893

RESUMO

Selectively probing specific molecules in complex mixtures with nuclear magnetic resonance promises new insights into molecular structures or molecular interaction. Such a study often can be further facilitated when two or more objects in chemical moieties of interest can be precisely targeted. Herein, we proposed a novel method to implement the multiple-targeting signal selection by optimal control of the spin singlets of two or more targeted spin systems from one or more molecules. This method can endow the conventional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), magnetic resonance image (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectrum (MRS) with the multiple-targeting signal selectivity to selectively probe several targeted molecules and/or chemical groups simultaneously.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estrutura Molecular
14.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 11(3): e12199, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233930

RESUMO

A vaccine antigen, when launched as DNA or RNA, can be presented in various forms, including intracellular, secreted, membrane-bound, or on extracellular vesicles (EVs). Whether an antigen in one or more of these forms is superior in immune induction remains unclear. In this study, we used GFP as a model antigen and first compared the EV-loading efficiency of transmembrane domains (TMs) from various viral glycoproteins, and then investigated whether EV-bound GFP (EV-GFP) would enhance immune induction. Our data showed that GFP fused to viral TMs was successfully loaded onto the surface of EVs. In addition, GFP-bound EVs were predominantly associated with the exosome marker CD81. Immunogenicity study with EV-GFP-producing plasmids in mice demonstrated that antigen-specific IgG and IgA were significantly increased in EV-GFP groups, compared to soluble and intracellular GFP groups. Similarly, GFP-specific T cell response-related cytokines produced by antigen-stimulated splenocytes were also enhanced in mice immunized with EV-GFP constructs. Immunogenicity study with purified soluble GFP and GFP EVs further confirmed the immune enhancement property of EV-GFP in mice. In vitro uptake assays indicated that EV-GFP was more efficiently taken up than soluble GFP by mouse splenocytes and such uptake was B cell preferential. Taken together, our data indicate that viral TMs can efficiently load antigens onto the EV surface, and that EV-bound antigen enhances both humoral and cell-mediated antigen-specific responses.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Vesículas Extracelulares , Animais , Transporte Biológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Camundongos
15.
Nutrients ; 14(5)2022 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267975

RESUMO

Vitamin D (VitD) shows a beneficial role in placentation, the immune system, and angiogenesis, and thus, VitD status may link to the risk of preeclampsia. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the association between VitD status in early and middle pregnancy and the risk of preeclampsia. A total of 22 studies with 25,530 participants were included for analysis. Women with VitD insufficiency or deficiency had a higher preeclampsia rate compared to women with replete VitD levels (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.39-1.79). Women with VitD deficiency had a higher preeclampsia rate compared to women with replete or insufficient VitD levels (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.10-1.66). Women with insufficient VitD levels had a higher preeclampsia rate compared to women with replete VitD levels (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.24-1.66). Women with deficient VitD levels had a higher preeclampsia rate compared to women with replete VitD levels (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.05-2.14). Sensitivity analysis showed the results were stable after excluding any one of the included studies. In conclusion, our systematic review suggested that VitD insufficiency or deficiency was associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Feminino , Humanos , Placentação , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitaminas
16.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 830699, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35295302

RESUMO

Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1) invades corneal nerves upon its infection of the cornea and then establishes latency in the trigeminal ganglion (TG). The latent virus in TG is often reactivated and travels back to the cornea, causing recurrent herpes simplex keratitis (HSK). The entry of HSV-1 into the corneal nerve is considered the initial step of infection resulting in HSV-1 latency and HSK recurrence. Several gD and gB receptors have been identified, including nectin-1, herpes virus entry medium (HVEM) and 3-O-sulfated heparan sulfate (3-OS-HS) as gD receptors, and non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMHC-IIA), NMHC-IIB and myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) as gB receptors. However, which receptors contribute to the entry of HSV-1 into corneal nerves are yet to be determined. This study observed that receptors nectin-1, HVEM, 3-OS-HS, NMHC-IIA, and NMHC-IIB, not MAG, were expressed in healthy corneal nerves. Further, we cultured TG neurons extracted from mice in vitro to screen for functional gD/gB receptors. Both in vitro siRNA knockdown and in vivo antibody blocking of either nectin-1 or NMHC-IIB reduced the entry and the replication of HSV-1 as shown by qPCR analysis and immunofluorescence measure, respectively. Also, we observed that the re-localization and the upregulation expression of NMHC-IIB after HSV-1 exposure were inhibited when gD receptor nectin-1 was knocked down. These data suggest that nectin-1 was the main gD receptor and NMHC-IIB was the main gB receptor in mediating HSV-1 entry and hold promise as therapeutic targets for resolving HSV-1 latency and HSK recurrence.

17.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(3): 440-442, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35274037

RESUMO

The complete mitochondrial genome of Basiprionota bisignata (Boheman, 1862) (a species of leaf beetles) was successfully sequenced, annotated, and analyzed in this study. This mitochondrial genome is a circular DNA molecule of 16,069 bp in size with 78.5% AT content, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), and an AT-rich region (control region). The gene order is consistent with the putative ancestral arrangement of insects. All PCGs are initiated by ATN (A/T/C/G) condons and terminated with TAA/G or their incomplete form single T-. All tRNAs can be folded into common clover leaf secondary structures, except for trnS1. The phylogenetic tree was reconstructed using maximum likelihood analysis, and the topology recovered the monophyly of Cassidinae and the sister relationship between Basiprionota and the clade (Thlaspida + Aspidomorph).

19.
Diabetes Care ; 45(5): 1184-1192, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) on ischemic stroke prevention in the Asian population with type 2 diabetes (T2D) without established cardiovascular disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined data obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the period from 1998 to 2018. The follow-up ended upon the occurrence of hospitalization for ischemic stroke. The median follow-up period was 3 years. The effect of GLP-1RA exposure time on the development of hospitalization for ischemic stroke was assessed. RESULTS: The GLP-1RA and non-GLP-1RA user groups both included 6,534 patients. Approximately 53% of the patients were women, and the mean age was 49 ± 12 years. The overall risk of ischemic stroke hospitalization for GLP-1RA users was not significantly lower than that for GLP-1RA nonusers (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.69 [95% CI 0.47-1.00]; P = 0.0506), but GLP-1RA users with a >251-day supply during the study period had a significantly lower risk of ischemic stroke hospitalization than GLP-1RA nonusers (adjusted HR 0.28 [95% CI 0.11-0.71]). Higher cumulative dose of GLP-1 RAs (>1,784 mg) was associated with significantly lower risk of ischemic stroke hospitalization. The subgroup analyses defined by various baseline features did not reveal significant differences in the observed effect of GLP-1RAs. CONCLUSIONS: Longer use and higher dose of GLP-1 RAs were associated with a decreased risk of hospitalization for ischemic stroke among Asian patients with T2D who did not have established atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, but who did have dyslipidemia or hypertension.

20.
Opt Lett ; 47(3): 641-644, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35103693

RESUMO

Complexities of the underwater environment can seriously affect many underwater detection means, especially the influence of light scattering by water. To solve this problem, a three-dimensional (3D) morphology measurement method is proposed based on the photoacoustic effect. In this method, a measurement object is irradiated with pulsed laser light to produce ultrasonic waves via the photoacoustic effect. A probe collects the ultrasonic signal and subsequent data processing can yield complete object detection. This approach can make full use of the advantages of high precision and good directivity of laser ranging and completely avoid the influence on the laser of backscattering from water. The results yield a displacement measurement accuracy of less than 0.5 mm and an average error of 3D reconstruction of 0.21 mm, demonstrating great application potential.

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