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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(10): 1167-1173, 2018 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29553051

RESUMO

Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe disease with high mortality and poor prognosis. Protectin DX (PDX), a pro-resolving lipid mediator, exhibits protective effects in ALI. Our experiment aimed to explore the effects and related mechanisms of PDX in mice with ALI induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups: sham, LPS, LPS plus 1 ng of PDX (LPS + PDX-1 ng), LPS plus 10 ng of PDX (LPS + PDX-10 ng), and LPS plus 100 ng of PDX (LPS + PDX-100 ng). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALFs) were collected after 24 h, and total cells, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, monocyte-macrophages, and lymphocytes in BALF were enumerated. The concentration of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, and MIP-2 in BALF was determined, and histopathological changes of the lung were observed. The concentration of protein in BALF and lung wet/dry weight ratios were detected to evaluate pulmonary edema. After determining the optimal dose of PDX, neutrophil-platelet interactions in whole blood were evaluated by flow cytometry. Results: The highest dose of PDX (100 ng/mouse) failed to provide pulmonary protective effects, whereas lower doses of PDX (1 ng/mouse and 10 ng/mouse), especially 1 ng PDX, alleviated pulmonary histopathological changes, mitigated LPS-induced ALI and pulmonary edema, inhibited neutrophil infiltration, and reduced pro-inflammatory mediator (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and MIP-1α) levels. Meanwhile, 1 ng PDX exhibited pro-resolving functions in ALI including upregulation of monocyte-macrophage numbers and anti-inflammatory mediator IL-10 levels. The flow cytometry results showed that PDX could inhibit neutrophil-platelet interactions in ALI. Conclusion: PDX exerts protective effects in LPS-induced ALI by mitigating pulmonary inflammation and abrogating neutrophil-platelet interactions.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Animais , Quimiocina CXCL2/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 30(2): 189-94, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23568733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological status of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among children from Yunnan with unique ethnic origins. METHODS: DNA samples from 11759 children were tested with fluorescent spot test, G6PD/6PGD quantitative ratio assay and hemoglobin electrophoresis. RESULTS: The detection rate of G6PD deficiency was 2.5%, for which boys were significantly greater than girls (3.5% vs. 1.4%, P<0.05). Significant differences were also detected among children from different ethnic groups and different regions. For ethnic Han Chinese, the detection rate was 0.7%, which was lower than the majority of ethnic minorities. By regression analysis, altitude of residence and family history both have significant influence on the calculated rate. CONCLUSION: Occurrence of G6PD deficiency seems to be influenced by gender. It also varies substantially between different ethnic groups as well as regions, e.g., more common in south. It also showed a declining trend after years of diagnosis and intervention. This survey may provide a valuable basis for counseling of G6PD deficiency in Yunnan.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/etnologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/etnologia , Feminino , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino
3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 51(1): 34-41, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23527929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level and distribution characteristics of anemia of the minority ethnic group children in Yunnan. METHOD: The cases with anemia were surveyed from 13 336 samples of 15 minority ethnic groups and Han children in Yunnan by Taking the method of random cluster sampling. RESULT: The prevalence of anemia among the children under 7 years of age of 15 ethnic groups of minority in Yunnan was 13.6%. There are differences among the different ethnic groups (χ(2) = 716.33, P < 0.01), the highest was 26.6% in Jingpo, the lowest was 3.5% in Bai. There were differences among the different regions, the prevalence of anemia was high in the border regions City, the highest was 23.8% in Dehong; the prevalence of anemia was low in inland cities, the lowest was 2.7% in Fugong, and was higher in border areas. The prevalence of anemia was higher in boys (13.6%) than in girls (12.1%). There were differences among the different age in the different ethnic groups (6 months to 1 years old: χ(2) = 70.52, P < 0.01; 1 - 2 years old:χ(2) = 185.86, P < 0.01; 2 - 5 years old: χ(2) = 296.12, P < 0.01; 5 - 6 years old:χ(2) = 107.11, P < 0.01; 6 - 7 years old:χ(2) = 185.02, P < 0.01), the highest was 59.0% of Deang in 1 to 2 years old children. The trend of change was that the highest prevalence was seen in 6 months to 1 year old children, the prevalence gradually declined among older children, but rose again in children 6 years of age or older. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of anemia was 13.6% among the children of 15 ethnic minority under 7 years of age in Yunnan. There were differences among different ethnic groups of minority in different prefectures. There were differences among different ethnic groups of different age groups, but it was highest in 6 months to 1 year old children, it declined among older children, and rose in children 6 years of age or older. The prevalence of anemia was related to the ethnic and geographic factors.


Assuntos
Altitude , Anemia/epidemiologia , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Idade , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/etnologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , China/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Amostragem , Distribuição por Sexo
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 579-82, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21983740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the carrier rate of thalasaemia among the children of 10 minority ethnic groups in 3 border states (Xishuangbanna, Dehong and Nujiang) of Yunnan Province. METHODS: A total of 6562 samples of children under 10 years old were analyzed by blood cell automatic analysis and hemoglobin electrophoresis. RESULTS: The overall carrier frequency of thalasaemia was highest (46.2%) in Dehong, and lowest (30.6%) in Nujiang. The carrier frequency of beta-thalasaemia was the highest (40.6%) in Achang, and lowest (2.5%) in Dulong. The carrier frequency of alpha-thalasaemia was the highest (22.1%) in Dai from Xishuangbanna, followed by Dulong (19.1%). CONCLUSION: Thalasaemia carrier rates were high among the children of 10 minority ethnic groups in Yunnan. There were regional differences in their incidences. The results provide a valuable basis for thalasaemia prevention in Yunnan minorities in the three border states.


Assuntos
Grupos Minoritários , Talassemia/etnologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinas Anormais/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Prevalência , Talassemia/genética , Talassemia alfa/epidemiologia , Talassemia alfa/genética , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia , Talassemia beta/genética
5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 32(4): 352-6, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21569665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of thalassemia among children of 0 - 7 years old, from six ethnic groups in Xishuangbanna and Dehong, Yunnan province. METHODS: 4973 blood samples from children under 7 years old were automatically undergone blood cell count, red cell osmotic fragility and hemoglobin electrophoresis testings. RESULTS: The incidence rates of thalassaemia, ß-thalassemia was 37.4%, and α-thalassaemia were 22.6% and 14.7% respectively. The thalassaemia incidence rates were significantly different among age groups but not in gender. The incidence of α-thalassaemia was decreasing along with the increase of age, while the incidence of ß-thalassaemia was increasing along with the increase of age. Xishuangbanna had the higher incidence than in Dehong and the differences were significant between counties, The incidence of thalassemia of Mengla ranked the first (52.2%) in Xishuangbanna, The differences between different regions and different nationalities were significant, with ß-thalassemia of Achang ranked the first (40.6%), The incidence of α-thalassemia among Han ranked the first as 45.5% while α-thalassaemia and ß-thalassemia were different in regions. α-thalassaemia and ß-thalassemia were significantly different between different ethnic people in the same regions. Multiple factor analysis showed that region seemed to be a risk factor and the mother's ethnicity was a protective factor and dependent variable on thalassaemia. CONCLUSION: The incidence of thalassaemia in Yunnan Xishuangbanna and Dehong was high among children under the age of 7 and were related to ethnic and regional differences in the areas. Specific genes were proliferated along with the extension of time. Our data provided valuable information on prevention and genetic studies on thalassaemia in the minorities of Xishuangbanna and Dehong in Yunnan province.


Assuntos
Talassemia/etnologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
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