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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126902, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418828

RESUMO

In this study, microcapsules assembled with Phanerochaete chrysosporium (P. chrysosporium, PC) and hydroxyapatite (HAP) were successfully prepared and applied for Pb(II) immobilization in aqueous solution. The effect of different conditions on Pb(II) removal was investigated, such as pH, temperature, dosages of microcapsules and HAP, and initial concentrations of Pb(II). The removal efficiency of Pb(II) was in order of HAP+PC > HAP > PC > CK (control check) at the Pb(II) initial concentration of 100 mg L-1, which were 87.7%, 82.82%, 63.67% and 2.06%, respectively. Under HAP+PC treatment, P. chrysosporium secreted plentiful organic acids like formic, oxalic and citric acids, when the addition dose of HAP increased from 5 g L-1 to 15 g L-1, the production of formic acid increased remarkably from 32.37 g L-1 to 66.02 g L-1. After reaction, P. chrysosporium kept a good biological activity evidenced by the live/dead stain test. The characterization results indicated that the insoluble apatite could transform to soluble phosphate due to the secreted organic acids, then reacted with Pb(II) to form pyromorphite [Pb10(PO4)6Cl2] and lead phosphate hydroxide [Pb10(PO4)6(OH)2]. The overall results clearly demonstrated that combining P. chrysosporium with HAP could be used as a promising technology to accelerate lead immobilization.

2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131643, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311395

RESUMO

In recent years, various phosphate nanoparticles (PNPs) have been synthesized and applied for in situ Pb remediation in laboratory investigations. Here, three kinds of PNPs, CMC-nClAP (carboxymethyl cellulose stabilized nano-chlorapatite), SDS-nClAP (sodium dodecyl sulfate stabilized nano-chlorapatite) and Rha-nClAP (rhamnolipid stabilized nano-chlorapatite) were used to investigate the influence of PNPs on Pb bioavailability, enzyme activities and bacterial community in Pb polluted sediment. Pb bioavailability can be reduced by the application of CMC-nClAP, SDS-nClAP and Rha-nClAP with the maximum increases of residual fraction to 57.2 %, 58.3 % and 61.4 %, respectively. Alternatively, catalase activity, urease activity and protease activity also changed with the remediation of PNPs. Microbes responded quickly to PNPs in different ways: bacterial richness was all increased while bacterial diversity was only increased with the application of SDS-nClAP. Three dominant species, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes were redistributed differentially during the treatment of PNPs. Interestingly, PNPs didn't significantly change the bacterial community structure in treated samples and CMC-nClAP induced fewer changes in microbial activity and community as compared with SDS-nClAP and Rha-nClAP. Overall, our findings suggested that long-term exposure to PNPs would decrease Pb bioavailability, regulate enzyme activities and affect bacterial community in sediments. The Pb bioavailability, physical-chemical properties of PNPs and properties of chemical/bio-surfactant may determine the response of microorganisms to PNPs in Pb polluted sediment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fosfatos , Bactérias , Disponibilidade Biológica , Chumbo/toxicidade
3.
Sci Prog ; 104(4): 368504211052359, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with fetal fraction and to develop a new predictive method for low fetal fraction before noninvasive prenatal testing. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis based on the results of noninvasive prenatal testing, complete blood count, thyroxin test, and Down's syndrome screening during the first or second trimester in 14,043 pregnant women. Random forests algorithm was applied to predict the low fetal fraction status (fetal fraction < 4%) through individual information and laboratory records. The performance of the model was evaluated and compared to predictions using maternal weight. RESULTS: Of 14,043 cases, maternal weight, red blood cell, hemoglobin, and free T3 were significantly negatively correlated with fetal fraction while gestation age, free T4, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, alpha-fetoprotein, unconjugated estriol, and ß-human chorionic gonadotropin were significantly positively correlated with fetal fraction. Compared to predictions using maternal weight as an isolated parameter, the model had a higher area under the curve of receiver operating characteristic and overall accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: The comprehensive predictive method based on combined multiple factors was more effective than a single-factor model in low fetal fraction status prediction. This method can provide more pretest quality control for noninvasive prenatal testing.

4.
Int J Med Inform ; 157: 104641, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical pancreatic disease. Patients with different severity levels have different clinical outcomes. With the advantages of algorithms, machine learning (ML) has gradually emerged in the field of disease prediction, assisting doctors in decision-making. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Publication time was limited from inception to 29 May 2021. Studies that have used ML to establish predictive tools for AP were eligible for inclusion. Quality assessment of the included studies was conducted in accordance with the IJMEDI checklist. RESULTS: In this systematic review, 24 of 2,913 articles, with a total of 8,327 patients and 47 models, were included. The studies could be divided into five categories: 10 studies (42%) reported severity prediction; 10 studies (42%), complication prediction; 3 studies (13%), mortality prediction; 2 studies (8%), recurrence prediction; and 2 studies (8%), surgery timing prediction. ML showed great accuracy in several prediction tasks. However, most of the included studies were retrospective in nature, conducted at a single centre, based on database data, and lacked external validation. According to the IJMEDI checklist and our scoring criteria, two studies were considered to be of high quality. Most studies had an obvious bias in the quality of data preparation, validation, and deployment dimensions. CONCLUSION: In the prediction tasks for AP, ML has shown great potential in assisting decision-making. However, the existing studies still have some deficiencies in the process of model construction. Future studies need to optimize the deficiencies and further evaluate the comparability of the ML systems and model performance, so as to consequently develop high-quality ML-based models that can be used in clinical practice.

6.
Mater Horiz ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751291

RESUMO

The demand for high-performance spintronic devices has boosted intense research on the manipulation of magnetism in van der Waals (vdW) magnets. Despite great efforts, robust ferromagnetic transitions above room temperature still face significant hurdles. Strain engineering can reversibly regulate magnetic exchange, but the degree of regulation is still impractical for most magnetic applications. Hereby we employ a large-strain transferrer to produce tunable strains of up to 4.7%, which induces authentic room-temperature ferromagnetism in large-area Fe3GeTe2 nanoflakes with 20-fold improvement in magnetization. The record increment of the Curie temperature (TC) of well above 400 K originates from the strain-enhanced magnetic anisotropy and excellent magnetoelastic coupling. The correlation between the emerging ferromagnetism and Raman spectral evolution is also established, which complements well the TC phase diagram in a large-strain region. In addition, an unusual exchange bias effect with a vertical magnetization shift is tracked for the first time upon bending, which reveals the hidden competition between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic coupling. The reversible strain manipulation of single-domain ferromagnetic order in a single nanoflake further opens up a route to develop low-power wearable spintronic devices. The findings here provide vast opportunities to exploit the possibility of practical applications of more vdW magnets.

7.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(5): E906-E908, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730492

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious respiratory disease that threatens global health. During the pandemic period of COVID-19, the task for prevention in the general ward of cardiovascular surgery is fairly arduous. The present study intends to summarize our experience with infection control, including ward setting, admission procedures, personnel management, health education, and so on, to provide references for clinical management.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Guias como Assunto , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Quartos de Pacientes/normas , Centros de Atenção Terciária , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Immunol ; 207(11): 2754-2769, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759016

RESUMO

African swine fever is a severe animal infectious disease caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), and the morbidity and mortality associated with virulent ASFV isolates are as high as 100%. Previous studies showed that the ability of ASFV to antagonize IFN production is closely related to its pathogenicity. Here, we report that ASFV HLJ/18 infection induced low levels of type I IFN and inhibited cGMP-AMP-induced type I IFN production in porcine alveolar macrophages that were isolated from specific pathogen-free Landrace piglets. Subsequently, an unbiased screen was performed to screen the ASFV genes with inhibitory effects on the type I IFN production. ASFV pI215L, a viral E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, was identified as one of the strongest inhibitory effectors on the production of type I IFN. Knockdown of pI215L expression inhibited ASFV replication and enhanced IFN-ß production. However, inhibition of type I IFN production by pI215L was independent of its E2 enzyme activity. Furthermore, we found that pI215L inhibited type I IFN production and K63-linked polyubiquitination of TANK-binding kinase 1 through pI215L-binding RING finger protein 138 (RNF138). ASFV pI215L enhanced the interaction between RNF138 and RNF128 and promoted RNF138 to degrade RNF128, which resulted in reduced K63-linked polyubiquitination of TANK-binding kinase 1 and type І IFN production. Taken together, our findings reveal a novel immune escape mechanism of ASFV, which provides a clue to the design and development of an immune-sensitive attenuated live vaccine.

10.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 9255-9268, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following liver transplantation (LT) is an unpredictable complication with poor outcome. However, consensus regarding the diagnosis and therapeutic regimen for the disease is yet lacking. The present study summarized the clinical experience on the diagnosis and treatment of acute GVHD (aGVHD) following LT and reviewed the pertinent literature. CASE SUMMARY: Between January 1st, 2000 and December 31st, 2020, a total of 1053 LT were performed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. Six recipients developed aGVHD with clinical symptoms of fever, rash, diarrhea, and pancytopenia. The incidence of aGVHD was 0.57%. The median time from LT to the clinical presentation of aGVHD was 22.17 d. The median time from the beginning of the clinical symptom to histopathological diagnosis was 7.5 d. All six cases underwent treatment of immunosuppressant adjustment, corticosteroids, human normal immunoglobulin, and antithymocyte globulin/IL-2 antagonists. Despite intensive treatment strategies, 4 patients were deceased due to sepsis, multiple organ failure, and cerebral hemorrhage. The remaining two cases were discharged as treatment successfully. However, one died because of tuberculosis infection on the 6th month of follow-up, the other one was alive healthy during 30 mo of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The rapid diagnosis of aGVHD is mainly based on the time from the first symptom, histopathological features, and the donor T-lymphocyte chimerism. Our cases report highlights massive corticosteroid therapy and age difference between donors and recipients could accelerate to aGVHD. Moreover, gut microbial interventions and donor-targeted serotherapy may provide novel therapeutics.

11.
EMBO Mol Med ; : e14887, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779126

RESUMO

Early embryonic arrest and fragmentation (EEAF) is a common phenomenon leading to female infertility, but the genetic determinants remain largely unknown. The Moloney sarcoma oncogene (MOS) encodes a serine/threonine kinase that activates the ERK signaling cascade during oocyte maturation in vertebrates. Here, we identified four rare variants of MOS in three infertile female individuals with EEAF that followed a recessive inheritance pattern. These MOS variants encoded proteins that resulted in decreased phosphorylated ERK1/2 level in cells and oocytes, and displayed attenuated rescuing effects on cortical F-actin assembly. Using oocyte-specific Erk1/2 knockout mice, we verified that MOS-ERK signal pathway inactivation in oocytes caused EEAF as human. The RNA sequencing data revealed that maternal mRNA clearance was disrupted in human mature oocytes either with MOS homozygous variant or with U0126 treatment, especially genes relative to mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial dysfunction was observed in oocytes with ERK1/2 deficiency or inactivation. In conclusion, this study not only uncovers biallelic MOS variants causes EEAF but also demonstrates that MOS-ERK signaling pathway drives human oocyte cytoplasmic maturation to prevent EEAF.

13.
Cureus ; 13(8): e17498, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603877

RESUMO

Brain abscesses due to Nocardia species account for 1-2% of all cerebral abscesses, often in immunosuppressed individuals, with a mortality three times higher than other cerebral abscesses. Early diagnosis and management are vital for good outcomes. We report a case of a right frontal Nocardia brain abscess in an immunosuppressed 38-year-old female. She presented with headaches, confusion, memory deficits, and personality change. She remained systemically well, with normal inflammatory markers. She underwent two open surgical drainages, with excision of the abscess wall. She made an excellent recovery with minimal edema and no contrast enhancement on imaging at eight weeks postoperatively. Management of Nocardia brain abscess includes a prompt diagnosis with direct microscopic examination and initiation of correct antibiotic therapy for good outcomes. We recommend open surgical resection, including excision of the abscess wall, followed by long-term antimicrobial therapy, to enhance the rate of recovery.

14.
Nanoscale ; 13(39): 16457-16464, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648610

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a worldwide malignancy with high mortality rates and poor prognosis due to the lack of effective biomarkers for early detection. Exosomes have been extensively explored as attractive biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, little is known about exosome metabolomics and their roles in ESCC. Here, we performed a targeted metabolomic analysis of plasma exosomes and identified 196 metabolites, mainly including lipid fatty acids, benzene, amino acids, organic acids, carbohydrates and fatty acyls. We systematically compared metabolome patterns of exosomes via machine learning from patients with recrudescence and patients without recrudescence and demonstrated a marker set consisting of 3'-UMP, palmitoleic acid, palmitaldehyde, and isobutyl decanoate for predicting ESCC recurrence with an AUC of 98%. These metabolome signatures of exosomes retained a high absolute fold change value at all ESCC stages and were very likely associated with cancer metabolism, which could be potentially applied as novel biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Metabolômica , Prognóstico
16.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1430, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707711

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a complex type of liver disease that represents an important global health threat. The mechanistic basis of this disease remains incompletely understood. The present study sought to explore whether microRNA (miR)-506-3p served a functional role in the onset and/or progression of NAFLD. To that end, high levels of glucose were used to treat liver cancer cell lines (HepG2 and Huh7) to model hepatic steatosis, and the expression levels of miR-506-3p and its downstream target genes were assessed. The cells of this hepatic steatosis model were transfected with miR-506-3p mimic molecules to explore the effect of miR-506-3p overexpression on cell viability, target gene expression and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation. Via bioinformatics approaches, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) was identified as a potential miR-506-3p target gene with relevance in NAFLD, and this interaction was confirmed via luciferase reporter assay. In the hepatic steatosis model of the present study, miR-506-3p expression level was significantly increased, whereas SIRT1 mRNA/protein levels and AMPK phosphorylation levels were markedly decreased. Transfection of the cells with miR-506-3p mimics led to significant SIRT1 downregulation, while miR-506-3p inhibitor molecules exhibited the opposite effect, with similar trends observed in the phosphorylation status of AMPK. These results suggested that miR-506-3p can inhibit SIRT1 expression and associated AMPK phosphorylation in HepG2 and Huh7 cells in an in vitro hepatic steatosis model system. These data indicated that the miR-506-3p/SIRT1/AMPK axis may be valuable as a therapeutic target in patients affected by NAFLD.

17.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-12, 2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658294

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification, the most abundant internal methylation of eukaryotic RNA transcripts, is critically implicated in RNA processing. There is extensive evidence indicating that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve as key regulators of oncogenesis and tumor progression in humans. Through prior study has assessed that LIFR-AS1 plays a key role in various kinds of malignant tumors. However, the exact role of m6A induced LIFR-AS1 in pancreatic cancer (PC) and its potential molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we determined that PC cell lines and tumors exhibit increased LIFR-AS1 expression that correlates with larger tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and more advanced TNM stage. Functionally, loss-of-function studies indicated that LIFR-AS1 knockdown decreased the proliferation, migration, and invasion of PC cells in vitro. Mechanistically, we found that METTL3 induced m6A hyper-methylation on the 3' UTR of LIFR-AS1 to enhance its mRNA stability and LIFR-AS1 could directly interact with miR-150-5p, thereby indirectly up-regulating VEGFA expressions within cells. Through rescue experiments, we were able to confirm that the unfavorable impact of LIFR-AS1 knockdown on VEGFA /PI3K/Akt Signaling could be reversed via the inhibition of miR-150-5p expression. Together, these findings indicate that a noval m6A-LIFR-AS1 axis promotes PC progression at least in part via regulation of the miR-150-5p/VEGFA axis, indicating that this regulatory axis may be a viable clinical target for the treatment of PC.

18.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663763

RESUMO

Here, we report an improved synthesis strategy for 3D nitrogen-doped graphene to increase the specific capacity of supercapacitors. Ethanol replaces the strong oxidant hydrogen peroxide in the improved Hummers method, and the loose porous structure is conducive to charge transfer. N-doped porous 3D graphene was synthesized from RGO-C prepared by ethanol secondary intercalation modification of functional groups. Ammonia was selected as the dopant; the microstructure and electrochemical performance of samples synthesized at different temperatures were examined. The results demonstrate that the 3D nitrogen-doped graphene (N-RGO-5) had a layered tuple shape with a sheet thickness of 0.612 nm.The specific surface area of the 3D N-RGO-5, which was prepared at 190°C, was 258.371 m2 g-1, which was higher than that (5.877 m2 g-1) of the original graphite. The 3D N-RGO-5 exhibited a specific capacitance of 236 F g-1 and an energy density of 32.78 W h kg-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1, which is 27% higher than the specific capacitance of RGO. The 3D N-RGO-5 demonstrated an excellent capacity retention rate of 93.6% after 5000 cycles at a current density of 1 A g-1. This study demonstrates that the unique 3D structure and N-doping of N-RGO considerably improved the overall energy storage performance of graphene-based nanomaterials.

20.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent preimplantation embryo developmental arrest (RPEA) is the most common cause of assisted reproductive technology treatment failure associated with identified genetic abnormalities. Variants in known maternal genes can only account for 20%-30% of these cases. The underlying genetic causes for the other affected individuals remain unknown. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was performed for 100 independent infertile females that experienced RPEA. Functional characterisations of the identified candidate disease-causative variants were validated by Sanger sequencing, bioinformatics and in vitro functional analyses, and single-cell RNA sequencing of zygotes. RESULTS: Biallelic variants in ZFP36L2 were associated with RPEA and the recurrent variant (p.Ser308_Ser310del) prevented maternal mRNA decay in zygotes and HeLa cells. CONCLUSION: These findings emphasise the relevance of the relationship between maternal mRNA decay and human preimplantation embryo development and highlight a novel gene potentially responsible for RPEA, which may facilitate genetic diagnoses.

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