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1.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; : 1-7, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is fundamental for detecting upper gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms. However, the impact of sedation on small neoplasm detection during EGD has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EGD with sedation could improve small upper GI neoplasm detection. METHODS: This propensity score-matched retrospective study analyzed the medical records of outpatients undergoing diagnostic EGD at a large tertiary center between January 2013 and December 2018. The primary outcome was the detection rate of small upper GI neoplasms (≤10 mm). The secondary outcomes were biopsy rate and small neoplasms in different anatomic subsites. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, 20,052 patients undergoing diagnostic EGD with or without propofol sedation were identified. A higher detection rate of small upper GI neoplasms was observed in the sedation group (2.80% vs. 2.02%; p < .001). In particular, the detection rate of small cancers in the sedation group was 3-fold higher than that in the no-sedation group (0.16% vs. 0.05%; p = .023). Small neoplasms were more likely identified at the gastric antrum (1.60% vs. 1.09%; p = .002) and angulus (0.66% vs. 0.45%; p = .044) in the sedation group. In addition, endoscopists were more likely to take biopsies when performing sedated EGD (41.4% vs. 36.4%, p < .001), and a higher biopsy rate was associated with an increased detection rate of small neoplasms. CONCLUSIONS: Sedation was significantly associated with a higher detection rate of small upper GI neoplasms and might be recommended for improving the quality of EGD.

2.
Int J Med Inform ; 157: 104641, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical pancreatic disease. Patients with different severity levels have different clinical outcomes. With the advantages of algorithms, machine learning (ML) has gradually emerged in the field of disease prediction, assisting doctors in decision-making. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Publication time was limited from inception to 29 May 2021. Studies that have used ML to establish predictive tools for AP were eligible for inclusion. Quality assessment of the included studies was conducted in accordance with the IJMEDI checklist. RESULTS: In this systematic review, 24 of 2,913 articles, with a total of 8,327 patients and 47 models, were included. The studies could be divided into five categories: 10 studies (42%) reported severity prediction; 10 studies (42%), complication prediction; 3 studies (13%), mortality prediction; 2 studies (8%), recurrence prediction; and 2 studies (8%), surgery timing prediction. ML showed great accuracy in several prediction tasks. However, most of the included studies were retrospective in nature, conducted at a single centre, based on database data, and lacked external validation. According to the IJMEDI checklist and our scoring criteria, two studies were considered to be of high quality. Most studies had an obvious bias in the quality of data preparation, validation, and deployment dimensions. CONCLUSION: In the prediction tasks for AP, ML has shown great potential in assisting decision-making. However, the existing studies still have some deficiencies in the process of model construction. Future studies need to optimize the deficiencies and further evaluate the comparability of the ML systems and model performance, so as to consequently develop high-quality ML-based models that can be used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Algoritmos , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Both environmental factors, such as alcohol consumption and smoking, and genetic factors are strongly associated with the risk of developing chronic pancreatitis (CP). However, comprehensive understanding of their impacts on the progression of CP remains elusive. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed on a large cohort of CP patients with known genetic backgrounds. The cumulative incidence of pancreatic insufficiency after the onset of CP was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis also was performed. RESULTS: A total of 798 patients were enrolled in the study and followed up for 10.5 years. Rare pathogenic genotypes in the SPINK1, PRSS1, CTRC, or CFTR genes were identified in 410 (51.4%) patients. The development of pancreatic insufficiency was significantly earlier in patients with a history of smoking and/or alcohol consumption in both the positive (P < .001) and negative (P = .001) gene mutation groups. However, the development of pancreatic insufficiency did not differ significantly between patients with and without gene mutations despite alcohol and/or smoking status, with P values of .064 and .115, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age at onset of CP (hazard ratio, [HR], 1.02; P < .001) and alcohol consumption (HR, 1.86; P < .001) were independent risk factors for the development of diabetes, while male sex (HR, 1.84; P = .022) and smoking (HR, 1.56; P = .028) were predictors of steatorrhea. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare pathogenic mutations in the 4 major susceptibility genes for CP were not correlated significantly with the development of pancreatic insufficiency, environmental factors (either alcohol consumption or smoking) significantly accelerated disease progression (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04574297).

7.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(9): 778-787, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic intervention combined with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is recommended as the first line therapy for large pancreatic stones, yet both can cause adverse events. The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors for post-procedural pancreatitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic stones treated with both ESWL and subsequent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) from October 2016 to December 2019 were prospectively enrolled. Multivariate logistic analyses were performed to detect risk factors for post-ESWL and post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). RESULTS: A total of 714 patients (507 males, 45.60 ± 12.52 years) were included in this study. A total of 80 patients (11.2%) developed post-ESWL pancreatitis,while 33 patients (4.6%) suffered from PEP. Steatorrhea (P = .018), multiple stones (P = .043), and stones located at the head combined with the body or tail of the pancreas (P = .015) were identified as independent protective factors for post-ESWL pancreatitis. The history of acute exacerbations (P = .013), post-ESWL pancreatitis (P < .001) and stricture dilation during ERCP (P = .002) were identified as risk factors for PEP. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to patients with post-ESWL pancreatitis, as well as a history of acute exacerbations and stricture dilation during ERCP to prevent PEP. (ClincialTrials.gov number, NCT04619511).


Assuntos
Litotripsia , Pancreatite Crônica , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Ductos Pancreáticos , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Pancreatology ; 21(5): 848-853, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between SPINK1 and pancreatic cancer (PC) remains controversial. The current study aimed to determine the effect of SPINK1 mutations on PC development among patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study including a large cohort of 965 CP patients with 11-year follow-up. Patients' demographic characteristics and clinical CP outcomes were documented in detail. Genetic testing was performed. The effect of SPINK1 mutations on the clinical development of PC was explored using Cox proportional hazards regression. Subgroup analyses conducted included the consideration of gender, onset age of CP (early- and late-onset), etiologies of CP, smoking, and alcoholic drinking status. RESULTS: PC was diagnosed in 2.5% (24/965) of patients, and the cumulative incidence rates were 0.2%, 0.8%, and 1.5% at 3, 5, and 10 years since the onset of CP, respectively. In this cohort, SPINK1 c.194+2T > C was the most common variant with a proportion of 39.1%. And the risk of PC development varied marginally between patients with and without SPINK1 mutations (Cox HR 0.39(0.14-1.04), P = 0.059). In the subgroup analyses, patients carrying SPINK1 mutations had a significantly lower risk of PC (Cox HR 0.18(0.04-0.80), P = 0.025) in the non-smoking group. SPINK1 mutations showed no significant effect in the other subgroups considered. CONCLUSIONS: CP patients harboring SPINK1 mutations do not have an elevated risk of PC development compared to mutation-negative CP patients. On the contrary, SPINK1 mutations may be a protective factor in non-smoking patients with CP.

11.
Anaesthesist ; 70(10): 854-862, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003302

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Only few studies have analyzed the global distribution of anesthesia research. This study was designed to reveal the current global research status of anesthesiology. METHODS: Articles published between 1999 and 2018 in international journals in the field of anesthesiology were retrieved from the PubMed database. The top 20 ranked countries were identified. The gross domestic product (GDP) of each country was also retrieved to reveal the correlation between research outputs and the economy. The total outputs and outputs per 10 million inhabitants in each country were calculated and compared. To analyze the quality of publications among the top 10 ranked countries, the impact factor (IF), article influence score (AIS), and immediacy index (ImI) were calculated and analyzed. In addition, the keywords of publications were retrieved to conduct co-occurrence analysis in order to determine the research focus in anesthesiology. RESULTS: A total of 112,918 articles were published in 30 selected journals from 1999 to 2018. There was a positive correlation between research outputs and GDP of 10 countries (p < 0.001, r = 0.825). The USA ranked 1st with 21,703 articles, followed by the UK (8393 articles) and Germany (6504 articles). Canada had the highest number of publications per 10 million inhabitants in 2018. The UK had the highest average IF (4.70), average AIS (1.16), and average ImI (1.64) among the 10 countries. The research highlights in the field of anesthesiology included "mechanism and management of pain", "cardiac anesthesia", "pediatric anesthesia and airway management", "analgesia" and "anesthetic agents". CONCLUSION: Regarding quantity trend, the output of global production in anesthesiology increased continuously as the number of articles from the high-output countries showed an increasing trend; however, there was still a gap between developing and developed countries in research quality. High-quality research should be encouraged in developing countries.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Anestesiologia , Bibliometria , Criança , Alemanha , Humanos
12.
Pancreas ; 50(4): 633-638, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The interval between extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may cause differences in cannulation and stone removal. This study was to investigate the optimal timing of ERCP after ESWL. METHODS: Patients with chronic calcified pancreatitis, who underwent ESWL and subsequent ERCP in Changhai Hospital from February 2012 to February 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. The interval between ESWL and ERCP was used to divide patients into groups A (<12 hours), B (12-36 hours), and C (>36 hours). Cannulation success, stone clearance, and post-ESWL/ERCP complications were compared. RESULTS: A total of 507 patients were enrolled. There were no significant differences regarding the successful cannulation and stone removal rates between the 3 groups. In patients without prior ERCP, the successful cannulation rates were 71.4%, 81.9%, and 90.9% (P = 0.004), and the successful clearance rates were 76.2%, 85.1%, and 90.9% (P = 0.031) for these 3 groups, respectively, showing significant differences. There were no differences in the successful cannulation and stone extraction rates for patients with prior ERCP. CONCLUSIONS: The interval between ESWL and ERCP in chronic calcified pancreatitis patients with prior ERCP is not relevant, while delaying endoscopic intervention is recommended in those with native papilla.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25291, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no reports on global research status of gastroenterology and hepatology (GI). This study was conducted to reveal the current global research status and trends in GI. METHODS: Articles published during 2009 to 2018 in international GI journals were retrieved from the PubMed database. The top 20 countries by output were determined. The gross domestic product (GDP) of each country was also retrieved to figure out the correlation between outputs in GI and economy. The 5 highest-ranking countries were compared in the number of total articles, articles per capita, articles published in top journals, the accumulated impact factor (IF), and average IF. Total articles and articles per capita of the 5 countries were conducted time-trend analysis. The frequently-used terms in titles and abstracts of articles published in 2009 and 2018 were retrieved to conduct co-occurrence analysis to figure out the change of research highlights in GI. RESULTS: A total of 120,267 articles were included, of which 116,485 articles were from 20 highest-output countries. There was a positive correlation between output and GDP (r = 0.921, P < .001). The USA, Japan, China, Italy, and the UK were the 5 highest-ranking countries. The USA was the largest contributor with 26,215 articles, accounting for 17.4% of the total, but with no significant increasing trend (P = .122). Other 4 countries all showed increasing trends (all P < .001). For articles per capita, Italy ranked 1st among the 5 countries with 1591.0 articles per 10 million. The USA showed a decreasing trend (P = .026), other 4 countries all showed increasing trends (all P < .001). The UK had the highest average IF (6.685). For change of research highlights, it is more inclined to research of endoscopy, inflammatory bowel diseases, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. CONCLUSION: It is delightful that the global research output in GI field would be continuingly increased as the major highest-output countries showed increasing trends. However, the developing countries fell behind both in quantity and quality when compared with developed countries.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenterologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenterologia/classificação , Humanos , Hepatopatias/terapia
16.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 471, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the number of existing cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China has been decreasing since late February 2020, the number of confirmed cases abroad is surging. Improving public knowledge of COVID-19 is critical to controlling the pandemic. This study aimed to determine China's public knowledge of COVID-19 and the attitudes towards control measures. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over 48 h from 22:30 29 February 2020 to 22:30 2 March 2020 based on a self-administered web-based questionnaire. The survey was conducted on the WeChat network. Exponential non-discriminative snowball sampling was applied. The questionnaire was voluntarily completed by WeChat users. The questionnaire covered basic demographic information, public knowledge of the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19, psychological state, and attitudes towards the overall control measures. The primary outcome was the China's public knowledge of COVID-19 and the attitudes towards control measures and secondary outcome was the psychological state of the public during this pandemic. RESULTS: The study included 10,905 participants and 10,399 valid questionnaires were included for analysis. Participants with tertiary education, younger participants and healthcare workers had better overall knowledge than other participants (all P < 0.05). Approximately 91.9% of the participants believed in person-to-person transmission and 39.1% believed in animal-to-person transmission. No significant correlation between anxiety and the number of regional existing confirmed cases was found, while participants in Hubei were more anxious than those in other regions. In general, 74.1% of the participants acknowledged the effectiveness of the overall control measures, and the percentage of participants with agreement with the overall control measures was negatively correlated with the number of regional existing confirmed cases (r = - 0.492, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the survey revealed that the Chinese public had overall good knowledge of COVID-19 except for those indeterminate knowledges. With dynamic changes in the global pandemic situation and more research, further studies should be conducted to explore changes in public knowledge and attitudes towards COVID-19 in the future. The media could be used in a strict and regular manner to publicize knowledge of such pandemics to halt their spread.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Dig Liver Dis ; 53(9): 1148-1153, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between chronic pancreatitis (CP) and acute pancreatitis (AP) is complex and not well understood. CP could be preceded by antecedent episodes of AP. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore both genetic and environmental factors associated with AP episodes before the diagnosis of CP. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 1022 patients. Detailed demographic, genetic, and clinical data were collected. Based on the presence of AP episode(s) before diagnosis of CP, patients were divided into AP group (further classified into single episode of AP group and recurrent AP group) and non-AP group. Related factors among these groups were assessed using multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: Before diagnosis of CP, 737 patients (72.1%) had a history of AP. Smoking(P = 0.005) and heavy alcohol consumption(P = 0.002) were risk factors for AP while age at CP onset(P < 0.001), harboring the SPINK1 mutation(P < 0.001), diabetes(P < 0.001) and steatorrhea(P < 0.001) were protective factors. Further, alcoholic CP(P = 0.019) was the only independent risk factor for recurrent AP attacks while age at onset of CP(P < 0.001), pancreatic stones(P = 0.024). and pseudocysts(P = 0.018) served as protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: SPINK1 mutations served as protective factor for AP episodes, suggesting SPINK1 mutation might play a pathogenic role in CP occurrence with occult clinical manifestations.

18.
Dig Dis Sci ; 66(11): 4008-4016, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The high incidence of osteopathy among patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) has garnered increased attention over recent years. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence and risk factors for osteopathy in Chinese patients with CP. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of CP patients from a large center in China; patients were recruited between 31 January 2017 and 31 January 2018. Bone density and laboratory tests, including bone-related biochemical, inflammatory, and hormone parameters, were assessed prospectively. Differences between patients with and without osteopathy were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate associations between variables. RESULTS: In total, 104 CP patients were enrolled in this study (68.3% idiopathic and 31.7% alcoholic). According to the M-ANNHEIM classification, 87.5% of the patients were at an early stage (0-II). Osteopenia was diagnosed in 30.8% of patients and osteoporosis in 5.8%; thus, a total of 36.5% of patients presented with osteopathy. In multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors for osteopathy in CP patients were age (OR = 1.04; 95% CI = 1.00-1.08; P = 0.030), BMI (OR = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.58-0.89; P = 0.003), and PTH (OR = 0.96; 95% CI = 0.93-1.00; P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to report the prevalence of osteopathy in Chinese patients with CP. It found that age and low BMI are significant risk factors for osteopathy. Low PTH (but within the normal range) showed a weak association with osteopathy, which warrants further exploration.


Assuntos
Osteoporose/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
19.
Pancreas ; 49(10): 1283-1289, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the global research levels in chronic pancreatitis (CP) fields. METHODS: The term "chronic pancreatitis" was used to retrieve articles published between 2009 and 2018 from the Web of Science database. The 15 highest-output countries' gross domestic product was retrieved to analyze the correlation between output and economic development. The 5 top-ranking countries were compared in quantity and quality. The frequently used terms of all articles were retrieved to conduct co-occurrence analysis to reveal research highlights for CP. RESULTS: There were 6094 articles included and 6007 articles were from 15 highest-output countries. There was a positive correlation between output and gross domestic product (r = 0.928, P < 0.001). The United States, China, and Japan had increasing trends in total output (P = 0.022, P < 0.001, and P = 0.021, respectively). China and Japan had increasing trends in output per capita (P < 0.001 and P = 0.023). However, in average impact factor, all 5 countries did not show increasing trends (all P > 0.05). For research highlights, mass lesion and autoimmune pancreatitis were the notable aspects. CONCLUSIONS: The global output for CP will continue increasing and research quality will be stable.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Gastroenterologia/tendências , Pancreatite Crônica , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Animais , Bibliometria , Humanos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Crônica/terapia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21758, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871896

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common and troublesome condition. This paper reports a rare case of gastroesophageal reflux disease caused by ectopic biliary drainage accompanying the absence of a pyloric channel and duodenal bulb in a female patient with multiple underlying malformations. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 24-year-old female presented with acid regurgitation and abdominal pain for one month. She was born two weeks premature and with blindness of the right eye. Cardiac murmur was detected in the physical examination. DIAGNOSIS: Gastroendoscopy was performed, and a class D reflux esophagitis and ectopic papilla complicated with the absence of a pyloric channel and duodenal bulb were found. Doppler echocardiography further confirmed the defects of atrial and ventricular septa. Trio-based whole exome sequencing was performed on the proband and her family to find the potential association of multiple variations. However, no putative pathogenic mutations were found. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received proton pump inhibitors and prokinetic treatment and underwent surgical repair of septal defects. OUTCOMES: The symptoms were quickly relieved, and the patient was kept stable upon follow-up. CONCLUSION: The combination of an absent pylorus and ectopic papilla is a rare cause of reflux esophagitis. Unusual gastrointestinal anatomical variations may be accompanied by other malformations. Though no remarkable mutation were detected in this case, sequencing is an efficient technique worth full consideration.


Assuntos
Ampola Hepatopancreática/anormalidades , Esofagite Péptica/etiologia , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Cegueira/congênito , Esofagite Péptica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Gastroscopia , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Humanos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
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