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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 72: 235-242, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Batroxobin is a medicinal preparation extracted from the venom of the Fer-de-Lance snake, and is used to lower blood viscosity, promote blood fibrinogen decomposition, and inhibit thrombosis. This research is to investigate whether batroxobin can improve the survival of random skin flaps in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dorsal McFarlane flaps were harvested from 36 rats divided into two groups. Experimental group: Batroxobin was administered via the tail vein once daily. CONTROL GROUP: The same amount of normal saline was injected instead. On day 2, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured. On day 7, tissue slices were stained with haematoxylin and eosin. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was immunohistochemically evaluated. Microcirculatory flow was measured by laser Doppler flowmetry. Flap angiography, using the lead oxide-gelatin injection technique, was performed with the aid of a soft X-ray machine. RESULTS: The batroxobin group exhibited a greater mean flap survival area, a better microcirculatory flow, and higher-level expression of SOD and VEGF compared with the control group. However, the MDA level was significantly reduced. CONCLUSION: Batroxobin effectively improved the survival of random skin flaps.

2.
Chin J Traumatol ; 22(1): 1-11, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850324

RESUMO

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Eleven questions regarding the use of VSD in abdominal surgeries were addressed: (1) which type of materials should be respectively chosen for the intraperitoneal cavity, retroperitoneal cavity and superficial incisions? (2) Can VSD be preventively used for a high-risk abdominal incision with primary suture? (3) Can VSD be used in severely contaminated/infected abdominal surgical sites? (4) Can VSD be used for temporary abdominal cavity closure under some special conditions such as severe abdominal trauma, infection, liver transplantation and intra-abdominal volume increment in abdominal compartment syndrome? (5) Can VSD be used in abdominal organ inflammation, injury, or postoperative drainage? (6) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intestinal fistula and pancreatic fistula? (7) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intra-abdominal and extra-peritoneal abscess? (8) Can VSD be used in the treatment of abdominal wall wounds, wound cavity, and defects? (9) Does VSD increase the risk of bleeding? (10) Does VSD increase the risk of intestinal wall injury? (11) Does VSD increase the risk of peritoneal adhesion? Focusing on these questions, evidence-based recommendations were given accordingly. VSD was strongly recommended regarding the questions 2-4. Weak recommendations were made regarding questions 1 and 5-11. Proper use of VSD in abdominal surgeries can lower the risk of infection in abdominal incisions with primary suture, treat severely contaminated/infected surgical sites and facilitate temporary abdominal cavity closure.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Traumatologia/organização & administração , Vácuo , China , Humanos
3.
Chin J Traumatol ; 21(5): 256-260, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217680

RESUMO

Severe trauma has the characteristics of complicated condition, multiple organs involved, limited auxiliary examinations, and difficulty in treatment. Most of the trauma patients were sent to primary hospitals to receive treatments. But the traditional mode of separate discipline management can easily lead to delayed treatment, missed or wrong diagnosis and high disability, which causes a high mortality in severe trauma patients. Therefore, if the primary hospitals, especially county-level hospitals (usually the top general hospital within the administrative region of a county), can establish a scientific and comprehensive trauma care system, the success rate of trauma rescue in this region can be greatly improved. On March 1st, 2013, Tiantai People's Hospital of Zhejiang Province, China set up a trauma care center, which integrated the pre-hospital and in-hospital trauma treatment procedures, and has achieved good economic and social benefits. Till March 1st, 2017, 1265 severe trauma patients (injury severity score >16) have been treated in this trauma center. The rescue success rate reached 95% and the delayed and/or missed diagnosis rate was less than 5%. Totally 86 severe cases of pelvic fractures with unstable hemodynamics were treated, and the success rate was 92%. The in-hospital emergency rescue response time is less than 3 min, and the time from definite diagnosis to surgery is within 35 min.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , China , Feminino , Hospitais de Condado/organização & administração , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico
4.
Exp Ther Med ; 11(6): 2185-2192, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27313665

RESUMO

Traditional treatments have a poor effect on alcoholic liver diseases. Linderae radix (LR), the dried root of Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm., has been frequently used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating various diseases, and has been shown to exhibit a protective effect on liver injury. In the present study, LR extracts were made using various solvents, and then administrated to rats to establish a model of ethanol-induced liver injury. The study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and potential mechanism of LR extracts on acute alcoholic liver injury. The serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), triglycercide (TG), cholesterol (TC), methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined using an automatic biochemistry analyzer. In addition, pathological examination was performed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The levels of MDA and SOD, and the expression levels of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß in liver tissue were investigated immunohistochemically. The expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) mRNA was quantified by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The results indicated that LR extracts improved the histopathological status and decreased the serum levels of ALT, AST, TG, TC and MDA. Furthermore, the levels of MDA and inflammatory mediators (NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1ß) were decreased in liver tissues, and the overexpression of CYP2E1 mRNA induced by ethanol treatment. LR extracts exhibited a protective effect on alcoholic liver injury and the mechanism may be associated with the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative action.

5.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 49(10): 1735-41, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21722074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) may play an important role in the development of vulnerable carotid plaque. An A-to-G transition (-181A/G) in the promoter region of MMP7 is functional in vitro by altering the transcriptional activity of the gene. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the MMP7 -181A/G polymorphism and vulnerable carotid plaque formation. METHODS: The authors enrolled 641 patients and divided them into three groups according to the carotid ultrasound examination: vulnerable plaque group (n=118), stable plaque group (n=385) and no plaque group (n=138). Traditional atherosclerosis risk factors were recorded and the MMP7 -181A/G polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: In the multinomial logistic regression analysis, compared to the no plaque group, no relationship between MMP7 -181AG+GG genotypes and stable carotid plaque was observed [odds ratio (OR) 1.50; p=0.239]. However, the frequency of AG+GG genotypes was significantly higher in the vulnerable plaque group (OR 2.74; p=0.008). Age was a risk factor for plaque formation, while statin treatment can reduce the prevalence of atherosclerotic plaque. Additionally, using binary logistic regression analysis between the stable and vulnerable plaque groups, this MMP7 polymorphism was associated with vulnerable plaque independently of other factors [OR 1.83; 95% confidence interval 1.08- 3.11; p=0.026]. CONCLUSIONS: The MMP7 -181A/G polymorphism is associated with the development of vulnerable carotid plaques. Age is a risk factor for plaque formation, while statin therapy is associated with a decreased prevalence of carotid atheromatous plaques.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/genética , Placa Aterosclerótica/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Referência
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