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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 299: 257-262, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the most important risk factor for aortic dissection. We aimed to assess the association of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at admission with aortic-related adverse events (ARAE) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). METHODS: All patients (n = 269) admitted with type B aortic dissection (BAD) for TEVAR were included. ARAE at 3, 24, and 60 months were evaluated as outcomes. Cox proportional regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: No variables were found to be predictors of 3-month ARAE by multiple analysis. Independent predictors of 24-month ARAE were DBP at admission (hazard ratio [HR] per 10 mm Hg decrement, 1.318; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.059-1.641; p = 0.013), cerebrovascular accident (HR 1.965; 95% CI 1.097-3.522; p = 0.023) and obesity (HR 2.922; 95% CI 1.096-7.795; p = 0.032). DBP at admission (HR per 10 mm Hg decrement, 1.276; 95% CI 1.038-1.569; p = 0.021) was also a predictor of 60-month ARAE. In the non-chronic group (n = 223), DBP at admission was evaluated as an independent predictor of 3-month (HR per 10 mm Hg decrement, 1.809; 95% CI 1.084-3.018; p = 0.023), 24-month (HR per 10 mm Hg decrement, 1.344; 95% CI 1.070-1.688; p = 0.011) and 60-month (HR per 10 mm Hg decrement, 1.338; 95% CI 1.065-1.682; p = 0.013) ARAE. In the chronic group (n = 46), no variables were found to be independent predictors of 3-month, 24-month, or 60-month ARAE. CONCLUSIONS: DBP at admission can predict ARAE in patients with BAD after TEVAR, whereas SBP was not associated with ARAE. The relationship between DBP at admission and outcomes appears to be more prominent in non-chronic patients.

2.
Plant Sci ; 290: 110267, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779911

RESUMO

Both nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) have been widely studied in maintaining efficient photosynthesis and plant growth. However, the mechanisms underlying the photosynthetic response to their interaction remain unclear. This study assessed the effects of N and K supply on photosynthetic limitations and the corresponding changes in anatomical structures in leaves of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants, grown hydroponically under different levels of N and K in a greenhouse. Results revealed that a suitable leaf N/K ratio (2.99-3.10) maintain a high rate of photosynthesis (A). The A under N and/or K deficiency was primarily limited by mesophyll conductance (gm) and RuBP carboxylation in biochemical processes. The decline of gm in N- or K-starved leaves was mostly resulted from low surface area of chloroplasts exposed to intercellular airspaces (Sc) and high mesophyll cell wall thickness. Synergistic effects of N and K on gm were reflected in leaf anatomical structure, especially their coordinated roles in enhancing Sc. The enhanced photosynthesis in plants with coordinated supply of N and K was caused by the balance of RuBP carboxylation and regeneration. These results highlight the synergistic effect of N and K on leaf photosynthesis, which are mainly reflected in facilitating anatomical-determined gm and carboxylation capacity.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 186-196, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627142

RESUMO

MnO nanoparticles (MnONP) decorated SiC whiskers (SiCw) with superior electromagnetic (EM) wave absorption performances were successfully synthesized by combining a hydrothermal and thermal annealing process. The microstructural feature and the content of MnONP of these MnONP/SiCw composites could be effectively controlled by the hydrothermal temperature, resulting in the adjustable EM wave absorption capacity. Compared with the poor EM wave absorption property of pristine SiCw (-10.48 dB), the MnONP/SiCw heterostructures achieve substantially enhanced microwave absorption performances, attributing to the suitable impedance matching and improved loss ability arose from the synergetic effect between MnO and SiC, whose minimum reflection loss (RLmin) is improved to -15.84 dB for MnONP/SiCw obtained at 80 °C (S-80), to -15.17 dB for MnONP/SiCw obtained at 100 °C (S-100), and to -55.10 dB for MnONP/SiCw obtained at 120 °C (S-120), respectively. The MnONP/SiCw composite not only exhibits enhanced microwave absorption property, but also presents wider effective absorption bandwidth (EAB), reaching up to 5.4 GHz for S-80, 3.6 GHz for S-100 and 5.2 GHz for S-120 in comparison with pristine SiC (1.5 GHz). This work is expected to provide an effective approach to enhance EM wave absorption property of dielectric materials by incorporation of MnO and the MnONP/SiCw composites could be as a promising candidate for EM wave absorption applications.

4.
ACS Sens ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797666

RESUMO

Glass capillary-based nanopore is exploited for single-molecule conformational sensing of multi-arm DNA concatemers during translocation. Both translocation frequency and orientation preference were found related with the number of arms of the DNA concatemers.

5.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104412, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698060

RESUMO

Aconitum carmichaelii has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating various diseases for several thousand years. Based on the biosynthetic pathway of some alkaloids such as C19-diterpenoid alkaloids and obvious differences in alkaloid content between leaves of two A. carmichaelii varieties has been reported, we performed leaves transcriptome analysis of two A. carmichaelii varieties. Besides we characterized the biosynthetic pathway of salsolinol. A total of 56 million raw reads (8.28 G) and 55 million clean reads (8.24 G) were obtained from two varieties (Z175 and R184) leaves transcriptome, respectively, and 176,793 unigenes were annotated. 281 and 843 unigenes are involved in the salsolinol biosynthetic pathway and the formation of C19-diterpenoid alkaloids respectively. And including 34 and 24 unigenes are the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the biosynthesis pathway for C19-diterpenoid alkaloids and salsolinol between Z175 and R184 respectively, which were target genes to explore differences in C19-diterpenoid alkaloid and salsolinol biosynthesis in Z175 and R184. Thus genes involved in alkaloid biosynthesis and accumulation differ between varieties leaves. The mechanisms underlying the differences and their relevance require further exploration. The results expand our knowledge of alkaloids biosynthesis in A. carmichaelii leaves, and provide a theoretical basis for analysis differences in alkaloids biosynthesis patterns in different varieties.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738040

RESUMO

Although single ultra-high-performance indicators have been achieved based on two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors, the comprehensive performances of the photodetectors of them are not so desirable. The response speed and responsivity are two key figures of merit for photodetectors, while these two parameters are always mutually suppressive and can not be synchronously satisfied. Here, we proposed a feasible strategy that can simultaneously improve the responsivity and response speed of In2Se3-based photodetectors by applying the mechanical strain and producing the piezoresistive effect, which can synergistically modulate the band structure and boost the overall photodetecting performances. Through studying the optoelectronic properties of In2Se3 photodetector under strain modulations, we found that the responsivity under 0.65% tensile strain is improved by almost 68.6% on average, while responsivity under 0.65% compressive strain is lowered by about 57.3% in the wavelength range of 200-1000 nm. More importantly, the response speed of the In2Se3-based photodetector under two different mechanical strains rises distinctly (from 244 to 214 and 180 µs, accordingly). The strain-engineering can accommodate the band structure and enhance the electric and optical properties of the semiconducting crystals, ultimately realizing high-performance photodetectors. The strategy proposed in this work for improving the performance of photodetectors provides a promising route to practical applications in next-generation optoelectronic devices.

7.
MBio ; 10(6)2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719174

RESUMO

The candidate phyla radiation (CPR) comprises a large monophyletic group of bacterial lineages known almost exclusively based on genomes obtained using cultivation-independent methods. Within the CPR, Gracilibacteria (BD1-5) are particularly poorly understood due to undersampling and the inherent fragmented nature of available genomes. Here, we report the first closed, curated genome of a gracilibacterium from an enrichment experiment inoculated from the Gulf of Mexico and designed to investigate hydrocarbon degradation. The gracilibacterium rose in abundance after the community switched to dominance by Colwellia Notably, we predict that this gracilibacterium completely lacks glycolysis, the pentose phosphate and Entner-Doudoroff pathways. It appears to acquire pyruvate, acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), and oxaloacetate via degradation of externally derived citrate, malate, and amino acids and may use compound interconversion and oxidoreductases to generate and recycle reductive power. The initial genome assembly was fragmented in an unusual gene that is hypervariable within a repeat region. Such extreme local variation is rare but characteristic of genes that confer traits under pressure to diversify within a population. Notably, the four major repeated 9-mer nucleotide sequences all generate a proline-threonine-aspartic acid (PTD) repeat. The genome of an abundant Colwellia psychrerythraea population has a large extracellular protein that also contains the repeated PTD motif. Although we do not know the host for the BD1-5 cell, the high relative abundance of the C. psychrerythraea population and the shared surface protein repeat may indicate an association between these bacteria.IMPORTANCE CPR bacteria are generally predicted to be symbionts due to their extensive biosynthetic deficits. Although monophyletic, they are not monolithic in terms of their lifestyles. The organism described here appears to have evolved an unusual metabolic platform not reliant on glucose or pentose sugars. Its biology appears to be centered around bacterial host-derived compounds and/or cell detritus. Amino acids likely provide building blocks for nucleic acids, peptidoglycan, and protein synthesis. We resolved an unusual repeat region that would be invisible without genome curation. The nucleotide sequence is apparently under strong diversifying selection, but the amino acid sequence is under stabilizing selection. The amino acid repeat also occurs in a surface protein of a coexisting bacterium, suggesting colocation and possibly interdependence.

8.
Autism Res ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743624

RESUMO

Genetic mutations are the major pathogenic factor of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In recent years, more and more ASD risk genes have been revealed, among which there are a group of transcriptional regulators. Considering the similarity of the core clinical phenotypes, it is possible that these different factors may regulate the expression levels of certain key targets. Identification of these targets could facilitate the understanding of the etiology and developing of novel diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Therefore, we performed integrated transcriptome analyses of RNA-Seq and microarray data in multiple ASD mouse models and identified a number of common downstream genes in various brain regions, many of which are related to the structure and function of the synapse components or drug addiction. We then established protein-protein interaction networks of the overlapped targets and isolated the hub genes by 11 algorithms based on the topological structure of the networks, including Sdc4, Vegfa, and Cp in the Cortex-Adult subgroup, Gria1 in the Cortex-Juvenile subgroup, and Kdr, S1pr1, Ubc, Grm2, Grin2b, Nrxn1, Pdyn, Grin3a, Itgam, Grin2a, Gabra2, and Camk4 in the Hippocampus-Adult subgroup, many of which have been associated with ASD in previous studies. Finally, we cross compared our results with human brain transcriptional data sets and verified several key candidates, which may play important role in the pathology process of ASD, including SDC4, CP, S1PR1, UBC, PDYN, GRIN2A, GABRA2, and CAMK4. In summary, by integrated bioinformatics analysis, we have identified a series of potentially important molecules for future ASD research. Autism Res 2019. © 2019 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. LAY SUMMARY: Abnormal transcriptional regulation accounts for a significant portion of Autism Spectrum Disorder. In this study, we performed transcriptome analyses of mouse models to identify common downstream targets of transcriptional regulators involved in ASD. We identified several recurrent target genes that are close related to the common pathological process of ASD, including SDC4, CP, S1PR1, UBC, PDYN, GRM2, NRXN1, GRIN3A, ITGAM, GRIN2A, GABRA2, and CAMK4. These results provide potentially important targets for understanding the molecular mechanism of ASD.

9.
Nanotechnology ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675732

RESUMO

Flexible photodetector shows great potential applications in intelligent wearable devices, health monitoring, and biological sensing. In this work, single crystal ß-tellurium nanowires were grown on flexible muscovite by molecular beam epitaxy, constructing high-density ordered nanomesh structure. The prepared photodetectors based on tellurium nanomesh exhibit excellent mechanical flexibility, fast response in a broad range from ultraviolet to near-infrared, and good photosensitivity. We found that the flexible photodetectors with Shottky contact drastically suppressed dark current, while the response speed was lowered in comparison to the devices with ohmic contact, as holes would take long time to tunnel through the Shottky barrier between metal and p-type Te. Moreover, photoresponse of flexible Shottky photodetectors can be modulated by piezoelectricity of tellurium, and pronounced photocurrent increase after many times of bend. Under external stress, polarization charges could tune Shottky barrier height of the metal/tellurium, resulting in variation of photocurrent. The research not only explores the broadband photoresponse and piezoelectric effect of tellurium nanomesh, but also promotes the integration and development of broadband flexible optoelectronic devices.

10.
Appl Opt ; 58(28): 7845-7850, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674470

RESUMO

A passively ${Q}$-switched erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser based on antimonene saturable absorber is exclusively and systematically demonstrated. Few-layer antimonene nanosheets are prepared and a passively ${Q}$-switched EDF laser based on the saturable absorption feature of antimonene is implemented. The pulse repetition rate varies from 25.3 to 76.7 kHz when the pump power changes from 41 to 345 mW. The shortest pulse duration is 1.58 µs with pulse energy of 37.9 nJ. The experiment displays some new characteristics, which indicates that there is still much work to do before the mechanism of saturable absorption characteristics of antimonene is completely revealed.

11.
Geobiology ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682076

RESUMO

Fayetteville Green Lake (FGL) is a recognized, extensively studied present-day model of the stratified Proterozoic ocean. Nonetheless, biomass sedimentation in FGL remains hard to explain: while virtually all sediment pigments belong to photosynthetic sulfur bacteria from a chemocline, the isotopic carbon signature of the bulk organic matter suggests its epilimnetic phytoplankton origin. To explain the epilimnetic origin of sedimented carbon, we studied the dominant Synechococci, isolated from FGL. Here, we present experimental evidence that FGL Synechococci produce copious extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) especially when availability of inorganic carbon (Ci ) is high relative to availability of other macronutrients, for example phosphorus. The accumulating EPS become impregnated with calcium, magnesium, and sodium cations and are released to the environment as ballasted cell coverings. Sedimentation of these cell-free EPS can constitute the bulk of pigment-free organic material in FGL sediment. Because increased availability of Ci specifically stimulates production of EPS and the accumulated EPS adsorb cations and become ballasted, we propose the universal role of cyanobacterial EPS in biomass sedimentation in the high-Ci Paleoproterozoic ocean as well as in modern aquatic systems like FGL.

12.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 180, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe X-linked recessive neuromuscular disorder. Patients with DMD usually have severe and fatal symptoms, including progressive irreversible muscle weakness and atrophy complicated with gastrocnemius muscle pseudohypertrophy. DMD is caused by mutations in the dystrophin-encoding DMD gene, including large rearrangements and point mutations. This retrospective study was aimed at supplying information on our 4-year clinical experience of DMD genetic and prenatal diagnosis at the Department of Prenatal Diagnosis in Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. METHODS: Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect the exon deletions or duplications. And Ion AmpliSeq™ panel for inherited disease was used as the next-generation sequencing (NGS) method to identify the point mutations in exons of DMD gene, but the introns were not sequenced. RESULTS: In this study, the large deletions and duplications of DMD gene were detected in 32 (51.6%) of the 62 families, while point mutations were detected in 20 families (32.3%). The remaining 10 families with a negative genetic diagnosis need to be reevaluated for clinical symptoms or be detected by other molecular methods. Notably, six novel mutations were identified, including c.412A > T(p.Lys138*), c.2962delT(p.Ser988Leufs*16), c.6850dupA (p.Ser2284Lysfs*7), c.5139dupA (p.Glu 1714Argfs*5), c.6201_6203delGCCins CCCA(p.Val2069Cysfs*14) and c.10705A > T (p.Lys3569*). In 52 families with positive results, 45 mothers (86.5%) showed positive results during carrier testing and de novo mutations arose in 7 probands. The prenatal diagnosis was offered to 34 fetuses whether the pregnant mother was a carrier or not. As a result, eight male fetuses were affected, three female fetuses were carriers, and the remaining fetuses had no pathogenic mutation. CONCLUSIONS: This study reported that MLPA and NGS could be used for screening the DMD gene mutations. Furthermore, the stepwise procedure of prenatal diagnosis of DMD gene was shown in our study, which is important for assessing the mutation type of fetuses and providing perinatal care in DMD high-risk families.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770747

RESUMO

Multilayer Te nanosheets have attracted increasing attention due to its high-performance electronic transport properties and good air-stability. Theoretical simulation suggests that electronic properties of multilayer Te nanosheets could be effectively modulated by contact engineering, but most studies have reported p-type multilayer Te devices. Here, for the first time, we report a high performance ambipolar multilayer Te filed-effect-transistors (FETs) with low work function scandium (Sc, 3.58 eV), demonstrating high mobilities of 489 and 648 cm2V-1s-1 for electron and hole transport, respectively. Multilayer Te FETs with large work function metals, such as chromium (Cr, 4.5 eV), show a typical p-type transport behavior. The band structure of multilayer Te with a small bandgap and low work function Sc result in small contact resistance (Rc) for both of electron and hole transport, which leads to the ambipolar behavior of multilayer Te nanosheets. The ambipolar behavior of multilayer Te FETs indicates that contact engineering is a valid tool to tune the electrical properties of multilayer Te and raises a possibility for designing digital circuits based on multilayer Te.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e1906050, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777995

RESUMO

A black phosphorus (BP)-nanosheet-based drug-delivery system containing a therapeutic drug (Fluoxetine, Flu) is synthesized. According to subsequent behavioral, biochemical, and electrophysiological analysis, BP-Flu, after irradiated with near-infrared light (808 nm), can significantly reduce the therapy time of depression. Meanwhile, the inherent biotoxicity of Flu is also alleviated.

15.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663232

RESUMO

Although diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) has long been considered a disease of the peripheral nervous system, recent neuroimaging studies have shown that alterations in the central nervous system may play a crucial role in its pathogenesis. Here, we used surface-based morphometry (SBM) and tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) to investigate gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) differences between patients with DPN (n = 67, 44 painless and 23 painful) and healthy controls (HCs; n = 88). Compared with HCs, patients with DPN exhibited GM abnormalities in the pre- and postcentral gyrus and in several deep GM nuclei (caudate, putamen, medial pallidum, thalamus, and ventral nuclear). They also exhibited altered WM tracts (corticospinal tract, spinothalamic tract, and thalamocortical projecting fibers). These findings suggest impaired motor and somatosensory pathways in DPN. Further, patients with DPN (particularly painful DPN) exhibited morphological differences in the cingulate, insula, prefrontal cortex, and thalamus, as well as impaired WM integrity in periaqueductal WM and internal and external capsules. This suggests pain-perception/modulation pathways are altered in painful DPN. Intermodal correlation analyses found that the morphological indices of the brain regions identified by the SBM analysis were significantly correlated with the fractional anisotropy of brain regions identified by the TBSS analysis, suggesting that the GM and WM alterations were tightly coupled. Overall, our study showed sensorimotor and pain-related GM and WM alterations in patients with DPN, which might be involved in the development of DPN.

16.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 583-593, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the differences in the types and levels of antibiotic resistance genes contamination in the dust of air conditioning filters in hospital inpatient wards. METHODS: Wet cotton swabs were used to collect dust samples from air conditioning filters in 19 wards of 7 departments of a third-grade general hospital in Wuhan. The 24 antibiotic resistance genes related to 6 major antibiotics were qualitatively detected by PCR, and 6 typical resistance genes were detected by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Sulfonamides(sulI, sulII), ß-lactams(mecA, blaOXA-51, blaTEM, blaCTX-M, blaSHV, blaKPC, blaNDM-1, blaIMP, blaVIM), aminoglycosides(aac(6᾿-aph(2᾿, aacC2), macrolides(ermA, ermC, ereA), quinolones(qnrA, qnrB, qnrS), a total of five categories of 19 antibiotic resistance genes were detected in the dust of the filter. These include four carbapenem resistance genes(blaNDM-1, blaIMP, blaVIM, blaKPC). The average of absolute content(copies/g) of the six typical resistance genes from high to low was: sulI(1. 06×10~9)>sulII(1. 78×10~8)>blaNDM-1(3. 97×10~7)>aac(6᾿-aph(2᾿(3. 20×10~7)>blaTEM(1. 03×10~7)>aacC2(1. 13×10~6). Among the seven tested departments, traumatic surgery detected up to 18 resistant gene species and 6 typical genes with the highest absolute content. The absolute content of six typical genes in ICU and surgical wards was higher than medical wards. CONCLUSION: A variety of antibiotic resistance genes are detected in the dust of some hospital ward air conditioning filters, suggesting that there may be current or past pollution of resistant bacteria in the relevant environment.


Assuntos
Ar Condicionado , Microbiologia do Ar , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Poeira/análise , Antibacterianos , Carbapenêmicos , China , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , beta-Lactamases
17.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(11): 1499-1504, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association of simple renal cyst (SRC) with type B aortic dissection (BAD) has recently been established. However, no studies have examined adverse events after BAD hospitalization among patients with SRC. In this study, we assessed the prognostic value of SRC in BAD patients with hypertension after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). METHODS: We studied all BAD patients with hypertension who were admitted for TEVAR (n = 238; age 56.1 ± 9.8 years, 84.0% male). Aortic-related adverse events (ARAE) were evaluated as outcomes at 3 months and 24 months after TEVAR. RESULTS: Among the total number of patients, 104 (43.7%) had at least 1 SRC. Patients with SRC were significantly older than those without (59.6 ± 8.8 vs 53.3 ± 9.7; P < 0.001). Patients with SRC were also more likely to suffer from peripheral arterial disease (55.8% vs 40.3%; P = 0.018) and cerebrovascular accidents (47.1% vs 29.9%; P = 0.006) than those without. Median follow-up for the 238 patients was 18.5 (range 6.4-24.0) months. Cumulative ARAE-free rates were 94.5 ± 1.5% at the 3-month follow-up and 81.5 ± 2.8% at the 24-month follow-up. Independent predictors of 3-month ARAE were found to be insertion of ≥ 2 stents (hazard ratio [HR] 3.977, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.224-12.920; P = 0.022). For 24-month follow-up, SRC (HR 1.962, 95% CI 1.023-3.764; P = 0.043) was evaluated as the only independent predictive factor. SRC (HR 8.841, 95% CI 1.726-45.294; P = 0.009) was also evaluated as an independent predictive factor for 24-month ARAEs in the chronic group, but not in the acute or the subacute group. CONCLUSIONS: SRC could predict 24-month ARAE in BAD patients with hypertension after TEVAR, especially in the chronic group.

18.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654554

RESUMO

Citrus reticulata semen, a traditional Chinese medicinal material, has desirable medicinal and dietary properties. In this study, a method combining ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive Orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry was established and validated for the identification and analysis of the chemical components of C. reticulata semen for the first time. The evaluation of different retention times and fragmentation characteristics, as well as comparative analysis with the literature, resulted in the identification of 35 chemical constituents, including 21 flavonoids and 14 other compounds. The 21 flavonoids derived from C. reticulata semen were reported for the first time. Seven of the chemical components of C. reticulata semen were quantitatively analyzed using the developed method under the optimal conditions. The results showed that the content of limonin, hesperidin, nobiletin, synephrine, tangeretin, 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone and 5-hydroxide-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone in C. reticulata semen was 11.1666, 0.0404, 0.0092, 0.0255, 0.0087, 0.0010, and 0.0008 mg/g, respectively. This study demonstrated that the ultra high performance liquid chromatography Q Exactive Orbitrap mass spectrometry based method can be used to rapidly and reliably analyze the chemical constituents of C. reticulata semen. These results provide a scientific basis for further studies of C. reticulata semen.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480171

RESUMO

Objective: Sow milk may not be able to meet the piglet's nutritional needs in late lactation. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of early commercial milk supplement on the mucosal morphology, bacterial community and bacterial metabolites in jejunum of piglets. Methods: Ten litters of newborn piglets [(Yorkshire × Landrace) × Duroc] were randomly divided into 2 groups of 5 litters. The piglets in the control group were suckled by the sow (sow milk, SM), while the piglets in the treatment group (commercial milk supplement, CM) were supplemented with a commercial milk supplement along with suckling from d 4 to d 28 of age. Results: No significant differences were observed about jejunal mucosal morphology on d 28 and d 35 between two groups. On d 28, the activity of lactase in the jejunum was significantly decreased in the CM group, while the activity of sucrase and the ratio of maltase to lactase were significantly increased (P < 0.05). On d 35, the activity of maltase in the jejunum was significantly increased in the CM group (P < 0.05), and maltase to lactase ratio tended to increase in the CM group (P = 0.065). In addition, piglets in the CM group had a higher abundance of Clostridium XI, Tuicibater and Moraxella in the jejunum on d 28, while the abundance of Lactobacillus was significantly increased on d 35 (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The early commercial milk supplement improved the maturation of the jejunum to some extent by enhancing the maltase and sucrase activities. Moreover, the early commercial milk supplement could help maintain the homeostasis of internal environment in jejunum by increasing the microbial-derived metabolites.

20.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556197

RESUMO

Forsythiaside A is the major component of Forsythia suspensa. This study investigated the degradation mechanism of forsythiaside A. Eight degraded components including forsythiaside I, forsythiaside H, forsythiaside E, caffeic acid, suspensaside A, ß-hydroxy forsythiaside I, ß-hydroxy forsythiaside H, and ß-hydroxy forsythiaside A were identified by using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Then, the quantitative analysis of multi-components by a single-marker was performed with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography to simultaneously determine forsythiaside A, forsythiaside H, and forsythiaside I in Forsythia suspensa preparations. The result showed good linear relationships within 2.871-287.1, 0.231-23.1, and 0.983-98.3 µg/mL (r > 0.9998), with average recoveries of 97.7, 95.7, and 95.8% and relative standard deviations of 1.4, 2.4, and 1.8%, respectively. Using forsythiaside A as an internal reference, the relative retention values of forsythiaside H and forsythiaside I to forsythiaside A were calculated to be 0.89 and 0.61, respectively, and the relative correction factors were 0.816 and 0.799, respectively. The method for quantitative analysis of multi-components by a single-marker was applied to evaluate the overall quality of forsythia preparations. There was no significant difference in the measurement results of the method developed and the method of external standard.

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