Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 378
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 776: 145970, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647668

RESUMO

Biodegradable film mulching (BM) is considered as the best alternative to plastic film mulching (PM) since it can prevent pollution caused due to plastic residues. However, the differences in soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activities between BM and PM, especially for different soil water and nitrogen contents remain ambiguous. In this study, the effects of BM, PM, and no film mulching (NM) on soil microbial biomass C (Cmic), N (Nmic), soil enzymes, and soil C/N ratio in a cornfield were evaluated using experimental data from 2018 and 2019. Additionally, different irrigation depths (30 mm, 22.5 mm, and 15 mm) and N-fertilizer application levels (280 kg ha-1 and 210 kg ha-1) were used in BM. The experimental results demonstrated no apparent differences between the Cmic, Nmic, and soil enzymes between BM and PM in the early stage (elongation stage), but these values under BM were significantly lower than that of PM in the middle stage of crop growth (tasseling and filling stages). Soil sucrase, catalase, and urease under PM were increased by 20.2%, 0.6%, and 12.0%, respectively, compared to BM. The analysis of Cmic, Nmic, soil enzymes, and crop yield under different irrigation and N-fertilizer application levels demonstrated the preponderance of BM22.5, 280, showing the highest yield of 14,110.1 kg ha-1 and NUE of 61.7.

2.
Environ Res ; : 110928, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between mercury (Hg) exposure and thyroid hormones (THs) levels in the general population has been inconclusive. We conducted a random effects model meta-analysis to identify the association between Hg exposure and THs levels in the general population. METHODS: This meta-analysis were performed based on the PECO questions (P = general population; E =1ug/L Hg in blood and urine; C =1ug/L incremental increase on; and O = variation of THs levels). We searched four electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library for studies published on or before 20th July, 2020. Prospective and cross-sectional studies that evaluated the association between Hg exposure and the levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroxine (FT4) were included. We also assessed aggregate risks for the reliability of the included studies. RESULTS: Initially, we retrieved 4889 articles. 18 studies met our inclusion criteria after screening and 13 articles were eligible to be included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis results suggest that blood Hg may be significantly associated with THs levels. The presence of Hg in blood may significantly increase the levels of TSH (ß=0.55; 95%CI: 0.20,0.90; p<0.001) and FT4 (ß=0.47; 95%CI: 0.11,0.82; p<0.001), with the opposite association in T4 (ß=-0.02; 95%CI: -0.02, -0.01; p<0.001). For the subgroup analysis, blood Hg was positively correlated with TSH levels in children and adolescents (ß=0.62; 95%CI: 0.09, 1.15; p<0.001) and FT4 levels in pregnant women (ß=1.00; 95%CI: 0.99, 1.00; p<0.001) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis indicates that exposure to Hg in blood could significantly increase the levels of TSH, T4, and FT4 in the general population. Therefore, it is crucial to control the use of Hg and strengthen protection of the thyroid.

3.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 37, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hetrombopag, a novel thrombopoietin receptor agonist, has been found in phase I studies to increase platelet counts and reduce bleeding risks in adults with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). This phase III study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of hetrombopag in ITP patients. METHODS: Patients who had not responded to or had relapsed after previous treatment were treated with an initial dosage of once-daily 2.5 or 5 mg hetrombopag (defined as the HETROM-2.5 or HETROM-5 group) or with matching placebo in a randomized, double-blind, 10-week treatment period. Patients who received placebo and completed 10 weeks of treatment switched to receive eltrombopag, and patients treated with hetrombopag in the double-blind period continued hetrombopag during the following open-label 14-week treatment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of responders (defined as those achieving a platelet count of ≥ 50 × 109/L) after 8 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: The primary endpoint was achieved by significantly more patients in the HETROM-2.5 (58.9%; odds ratio [OR] 25.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.83-68.63; p < 0.0001) and HETROM-5 (64.3%; OR 32.81, 95% CI 12.39-86.87; p < 0.0001) group than in the Placebo group (5.9%). Hetrombopag was also superior to placebo in achieving a platelet response and in reducing the bleeding risk and use of rescue therapy throughout 8 weeks of treatment. The durable platelet response to hetrombopag was maintained throughout 24 weeks. The most common adverse events were upper respiratory tract infection (42.2%), urinary tract infection (17.1%), immune thrombocytopenic purpura (17.1%) and hematuria (15%) with 24-week hetrombopag treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In ITP patients, hetrombopag is efficacious and well tolerated with a manageable safety profile. Trial registration Clinical trials.gov NCT03222843 , registered July 19, 2017, retrospectively registered.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605007

RESUMO

Chiral carboxylic acids are important compounds because of their prevalence in pharmaceuticals, natural products and agrochemicals. Asymmetric hydrogenation of α , ß -unsaturated carboxylic acids has been widely recognized as one of the most efficient synthetic approaches to afford such compounds. Although related asymmetric hydrogenation of di - and tri -substituted unsaturated acids with noble metals has been well established, asymmetric hydrogenation of challenging tetra -substituted α , ß -unsaturated carboxylic acids is rarely reported. Herein, we demonstrate enantioselective hydrogenation of both cyclic and acyclic tetra -substituted α , ß -unsaturated carboxylic acids via cobalt(II) catalysis. This protocol showed broad substrate scope and gave chiral carboxylic acids in good yields with excellent enantiocontrol (up to 98% yield and 99% ee). The combined experimental and computational mechanistic studies collectively support a Co(II) catalytic cycle involving migratory insertion and sigma-bond metathesis processes. In addition, our DFT calculations revealed that the enantioselectivity may origin from the steric effect between the phenyl groups of the ligand and the substrate.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 589: 545-555, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493864

RESUMO

Herein, a series of ultrathin h-BN/Bi2MoO6 heterojunction with excellent photocatalytic activity has been firstly prepared via a feasible solvothermal method. Our results suggest that the optimized photocatalyst possesses a high degradation ratio of tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and doxycycline (DC) up to 99.19%, 95.28% and 91.04% under visible-light irradiation, respectively. We highlight that the outstanding photocatalytic activity is mainly attributed to the prominent performance of tetracycline adsorption on h-BN and the dominant visible-light absorption by Bi2MoO6 as well as the effective photogenerated carrier separation induced by the synergetic effect between h-BN and Bi2MoO6. Moreover, DFT calculations reveal that the built-in electric field formed between h-BN and Bi2MoO6 gives rise to the separation of carriers and the polarization of tetracycline molecules. Last but not the least, the specific process and micro-mechanism of the photocatalytic tetracycline degradation under visible-light driven have also been illuminated. The present work pioneers the application of ultrathin h-BN/Bi2MoO6 heterojunction as a novel tetracycline degradation photocatalyst and further guides the design of more visible-light photocatalysts.

6.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(2): 347-355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390803

RESUMO

Objectives: Research on recovering COVID-19 patients could be helpful for containing the pandemic and developing vaccines, but we still do not know much about the clinical features, recovery process, and antibody reactions during the recovery period. Methods: We retrospectively analysed the epidemiological information, discharge summaries, and laboratory results of 324 patients. Results: In all, 15 (8.62%) patients experienced chest distress/breath shortness, where 8 of the 15 were severely ill. This means severely ill patients need an extended amount of time to recover after discharge; next, 20 (11.49%) patients experienced anxiety and 21 (12.07%) had headache/insomnia and a small fraction of them complained of anosmia/ageusia, indicating that these patients need treatment for mental and psychological health issues. Regarding the re-positive patients, their CT and laboratory test results showed no obvious evidence of illness progress or infectivity but a high anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody expression. Conclusion: Recovered COVID-19 patients need psychological and physiological care and treatment, re-positivity can occur in any person, but juveniles, females, and patients with mild/moderate existing symptoms have higher rates of re-positivity, While there is no evidence that turning re-positive has an impact on their infectivity, but it still alerted us that we need differentiate them in the following managements.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageusia , /reabilitação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Oleo Sci ; 70(2): 155-164, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456002

RESUMO

Functional compositions, physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of Amaranthus caudatus L. oils (ACO) obtained by different solvents were comparatively investigated. All the resulted ACO were enrich in 75% unsaturated fatty acid and in squalene of about 4 g/100 g. Different solvents showed varying in oil extraction, where acetone results a highest yield of 6.80 g/100 g. ACO extracted by ethanol showed a highest tocopherol (1351.26 mg/kg), polyphenols (211.28 mg/kg) and squalene (42519.13 mg/kg). However, phytosterols in ACO extracted by hexane (27571.20 mg/kg) was higher than that by acetone (19789.91 mg/kg), ethanol (22015.73 mg/kg) and petroleum ether (24763.30 mg/kg). Furthermore, antioxidant activity of ACO was also measured by DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assay. According to principal component and correlation analysis, squalene was correlated with the DPPH scavenging ability, but phytosterols and tocopherols was correlated with the ABTS and ferric reducing ability of the oils, respectively. This study provides a promising excellent source of functional oil for food industries.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124232, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254456

RESUMO

Herein, La(OH)3 decorated magnetic porous biochar (MPBC) was synthesized via KHCO3 activation and hydrothermal processes. The La-to-MPBC mass ratio of 3:1 described as La3-MPBC possessed a monolayer phosphate adsorption capacity of 116.08 mg/g across a pH range of 3.0-6.0 with fast attainment of adsorption equilibrium in 150 min. Moreover, the phosphate adsorption was substantially stable during the interference of various co-existing ions with over 92% of phosphate removal and 77% of desorption efficiency maintained after four recycles. And La3-MPBC was easily separated by magnet force with negligible La and Fe leakages within the pH range of 3.0-10.0. Furthermore, La3-MPBC was supported to achieve phosphate binding through the synergistic actions of electrostatic attraction, ligand exchange, inner-sphere complexation and weak precipitation. Significantly, La3-MPBC exhibited a high performance for decontaminating low-concentration phosphate to meet regulatory requirements. All these results suggested La3-MPBC to be an ideal candidate for phosphate removal in real applications.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Cinética , Lantânio , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Fosfatos , Porosidade , Água
9.
Molecules ; 25(23)2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255809

RESUMO

Persulfate (PS)-based oxidation technology is efficient in removing refractory organics from water. A novel diatomite (DIA) support Fe and Ce composite (Fe-Ce/DIA) was prepared for activating persulfate to degrade tetracycline in water. The Fe and Ce were uniformly loaded on DIA, and the total pore size of Fe-Ce/DIA was 6.99 × 10-2 cm3/g, and the average pore size was 12.06 nm. Fe-Ce/DIA presented a good catalytic activity and 80% tetracycline was removed under the persulfate system. The Fe-Ce/DIA also had photocatalytic activity, and the corresponding tetracycline removal efficiency was 86% under UV irradiation. Fe-Ce/DIA exhibited less iron dissolution rate compared with Fe-DIA. The tetracycline degradation rate was enhanced when the temperature increased. The optimal tetracycline removal efficiency was obtained when the conditions were of persulfate 10 mM, Fe-Ce/DIA dosage 0.02 g/L, and tetracycline concentration 50 mg/L. In addition, Fe-Ce/DIA showed a wide pH application and good reusability and stability.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6197, 2020 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273470

RESUMO

Fungal polyketides display remarkable structural diversity and bioactivity, and therefore the biosynthesis and engineering of this large class of molecules is therapeutically significant. Here, we successfully recode, construct and characterize the biosynthetic pathway of bikaverin, a tetracyclic polyketide with antibiotic, antifungal and anticancer properties, in S. cerevisiae. We use a green fluorescent protein (GFP) mapping strategy to identify the low expression of Bik1 (polyketide synthase) as a major bottleneck step in the pathway, and a promoter exchange strategy is used to increase expression of Bik1 and bikaverin titer. Then, we use an enzyme-fusion strategy to directly couple the monooxygenase (Bik2) and methyltransferase (Bik3) to efficiently channel intermediates between modifying enzymes, leading to an improved titer of bikaverin at 202.75 mg/L with flask fermentation (273-fold higher than the initial titer). This study demonstrates that the biosynthesis of complex fungal polyketides can be established and efficiently engineered in S. cerevisiae, highlighting the potential for natural product synthesis and large-scale fermentation in yeast.

11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926763, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes a world-wide medical and economic burden. This study analyzed the effects of RSV infection on plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and evaluated the immunopathogenesis of RSV infection by measuring relative numbers of FoxP3+ Treg cells and Th17 cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS pDCs were isolated from human blood samples, purified using magnetic microbeads, and treated with RSV, IFN-g, or vehicle. These cells were mixed with purified CD4+ T cells to yield preparations of pDCs+T cells+vehicle, pDCs+T cells+RSV, and pDCs+T cells+IFN-g. Preparations of pDCs+T cells+RSV were also incubated with an inducer or an inhibitor of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). Kynurenic acid concentration was measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). The differentiation of Foxp3+ Treg and Th17 cells from CD4+ T cells was determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS pDCs were successfully isolated and purified using the magnetic microbeads. Compared with preparations of pDCs+T cells+vehicle, RSV infection (pDCs+T cells+RSV) significantly reduced and IFN-g treatment (pDC+T cells+IFN-g) increased kynurenic acid concentrations and the proportions of Foxp3+ Tregs (p<0.05 each). Conversely, RSV infection increased and IFN-g treatment decreased the proportions of Th17 cells (p<0.05 each). RSV infection reduced kynurenic acid concentrations and inhibited the transformation from Th17 to Foxp3+ Tregs by modulating IDO molecules. CONCLUSIONS RSV infection reduced the production of kynurenic acid and inhibited transformation from Th17 to Foxp3+ Tregs (Th17/Treg balance) by modulating IDO molecules in pDCs.

12.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 17(10): 628-637, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224182

RESUMO

Background: Implementing the current guidelines for leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) provides significant health benefits, especially for middle-aged adults, but it is unclear whether LTPA also translates into cardiovascular health benefits among elderly people. Therefore, we aimed to assess the association of LTPA with the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, and all-cause mortality in an elderly population. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 32, 942 participants aged 60 years or older who participated in a health check-up programme in China between 2010 and 2018 were included. We evaluated the morbidity and mortality risks through the Cox regression model, competing risk model and restricted cubic spline model. Results: During a median of 6.84 years of follow-up, there were 6, 857 elderly people with incident CVD; a total of 6, 324 deaths occurred due to all causes and 2, 060 deaths occurred due to CVD. Compared with the inactive group, reductions in CVD morbidity and mortality were observed, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.83-0.96) and 0.81 (95% CI: 0.71-0.92) in the insufficiently active group, 0.86 (95% CI: 0.80-0.92) and 0.79 (95% CI: 0.69-0.90) in the sufficiently active group, and 0.79 (95% CI: 0.70-0.89) and 0.58 (95% CI: 0.45-0.76) in the highly active group, respectively; but no significant reductions were observed in the very highly active group, with HRs of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.71-1.06) and 0.99 (95% CI: 0.70-1.40), respectively. Compared with the inactive group, reductions in all-cause mortality were also observed, with a HR of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.84-0.97) in the insufficiently active group, 0.82 (95% CI: 0.77-0.89) in the sufficiently active group, 0.77 (95% CI: 0.67- 0.87) in the highly active group, and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.64-0.98) in the very highly active group. A restricted cubic spline diagram showed that there was an L-shaped association between LTPA and the risk of all-cause mortality but a U-shaped or reverse J-shaped relationship between LTPA and the risk of CVD morbidity and mortality, especially stroke. In addition, a subgroup analysis showed that elderly population who consistently performed LTPA for ten years or more had a lower risk of morbidity and mortality. Conclusions: In an elderly population, even insufficient activity is associated with a decreased risk of all-cause mortality and CVD, and moderate levels of LTPA may be optimal for CVD prevention. In addition, elderly people who consistently perform LTPA over several years may experience greater health benefits.

13.
ACS Cent Sci ; 6(10): 1753-1761, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145412

RESUMO

We report the identification of three cyclic peptide ligands of K-Ras(G12D) using an integrated in vitro translation-mRNA display selection platform. These cyclic peptides show preferential binding to the GTP-bound state of K-Ras(G12D) over the GDP-bound state and block Ras-Raf interaction. A co-crystal structure of peptide KD2 with K-Ras(G12D)·GppNHp reveals that this peptide binds in the Switch II groove region with concomitant opening of the Switch II loop and a 40° rotation of the α2 helix, and that a threonine residue (Thr10) on KD2 has direct access to the mutant aspartate (Asp12) on K-Ras. Replacing this threonine with non-natural amino acids afforded peptides with improved potency at inhibiting the interaction between Raf1-RBD and K-Ras(G12D) but not wildtype K-Ras. The union of G12D over wildtype selectivity and GTP state/GDP state selectivity is particularly desirable, considering that oncogenic K-Ras(G12D) exists predominantly in the GTP state in cancer cells, and wildtype K-Ras signaling is important for the maintenance of healthy cells.

14.
Exp Parasitol ; 219: 108030, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080305

RESUMO

The gut microbiota has been demonstrated to associate with protection against helminth infection and mediate via microbial effects on the host humoral immunity. As a non-permissive host of Schistosoma japonicum, the Microtus fortis provides an ideal animal model to be investigated, because of its natural self-healing capability. Although researches on the systemic immunological responses have revealed that the host immune system contributes a lot to the resistance, the role of gut microbiome remains unclear. In this study, we exposed the M. fortis to the S.japonicum infection, carried out a longitudinal research (uninfected control, infected for 7 days, 14 days, 21 days, and 31 days) on their colonic microbiota based on the 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The bacterial composition disclosed a disturbance-recovery alteration followed by the resistance to S. japonicum. The alpha diversity of colon microbiota was reduced after the infection, but it gradually recovered along with self-healing process. Further LEfSe analysis revealed that phyla shifted from Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes, which were mainly driven by an increase of Ruminococcaceae and a depletion of Muribaculaceae in the family level along the Control-Infection-Recovery (CIR) process. We identified a temporary blooming of Lactobacillaceae and Lactobacillus in the mid infection stage (D14). As a recognized probiotics repository, we speculate the increased abundance of Lactobacillaceae in M. fortis colonic microbiota might relate to the natural resistance to the schistosome. Besides, potential microbial functions were also significantly changed in the resistance process. These results demonstrate the remarkable alterations of reed vole colonic microbiota in both community structure and potential functions along with the resistance to S. japonicum infection. The identified microbial biomarkers might offer new ways for drug development to conquer human schistosomiasis.

15.
ACS Omega ; 5(41): 26518-26526, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110979

RESUMO

The ReaxFFSFO force field for a SF6-O2 system is developed based on the density functional theory (DFT) calculation data. Then, a series of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed. The results show that the main oxygen-containing compounds that appeared in the MD simulation include SOF4, SOF2, and SO2F2. The relative quantitative relationship between SOF2 and SOF4 can be used to determine the fault temperature. Besides, under overheating conditions, O2 rarely undergoes a self-cracking process to generate free O atoms. Instead, the basic route for O2 to participate in the SF6 pyrolysis process is X + Y + O2 = XO + YO. Furthermore, the reactivity order of various groups to O2 is (SF2)* > (SF3)* > (SF4)* > F*, so O2 is more likely to participate in the reaction by attacking (SF3)* or (SF2)* groups. This study laid the foundation for the application of ReaxFF MD simulations to study the microscopic dynamic mechanism of SF6 pyrolysis in more complex systems.

16.
Opt Express ; 28(20): 29044-29053, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114810

RESUMO

Estimation of optical aberrations from volumetric intensity images is a key step in sensorless adaptive optics for 3D microscopy. Recent approaches based on deep learning promise accurate results at fast processing speeds. However, collecting ground truth microscopy data for training the network is typically very difficult or even impossible thereby limiting this approach in practice. Here, we demonstrate that neural networks trained only on simulated data yield accurate predictions for real experimental images. We validate our approach on simulated and experimental datasets acquired with two different microscopy modalities and also compare the results to non-learned methods. Additionally, we study the predictability of individual aberrations with respect to their data requirements and find that the symmetry of the wavefront plays a crucial role. Finally, we make our implementation freely available as open source software in Python.

17.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000522

RESUMO

Whole-genome duplication (WGD), contributing to evolutionary diversity and environmental adaptability, has been observed across a wide variety of eukaryotic groups, but not in molluscs. Molluscs are the second largest animal phylum in terms of species numbers, and among the organisms that have successfully adapted to the nonmarine realm through aquatic-terrestrial (A-T) transition. We assembled a chromosome-level reference genome for Achatina immaculata, a globally invasive species, and compared the genomes of two giant African snails (A. immaculata and Achatina fulica) to other available mollusc genomes. Macrosynteny, colinearity blocks, Ks peak and Hox gene clusters collectively suggested a WGD event in the two snails. The estimated WGD timing (~70 million years ago) was close to the speciation age of the Sigmurethra-Orthurethra (within Stylommatophora) lineage and the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) mass extinction, indicating that the WGD may have been a common event shared by all Sigmurethra-Orthurethra species and conferred ecological adaptability allowing survival after the K-T extinction event. Furthermore, the adaptive mechanism of WGD in terrestrial ecosystems was confirmed by the presence of gene families related to the respiration, aestivation and immune defence. Several mucus-related gene families expanded early in the Stylommatophora lineage, and the haemocyanin and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase families doubled during WGD, and zinc metalloproteinase genes were highly tandemly duplicated after WGD. This evidence suggests that although WGD may not have been the direct driver of the A-T transition, it played an important part in the terrestrial adaptation of giant African snails.

18.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 117003, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049907

RESUMO

Herein, ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) functionalized rice husk-derived biochar (BC) was conveniently and fast synthesized via microwave (MW)-assisted one pot process, and employed for simultaneous elimination of bisphenol A (BPA) and plumbum (Pb). Profiting by microwave irradiation, the surface modification was implemented in 15 min and the prepared BCMW-ß-CD presented an excellent adsorption performance with a heterogeneous adsorption capacity of 209.20 mg/g for BPA and a theoretical monolayer uptake of 240.13 mg/g for Pb(II) in the mono-component system. Furthermore, the BCMW-ß-CD could simultaneously achieve efficient cleanup of BPA and Pb(II) through avoiding the competitive behaviors between them, which were due to the different adsorption mechanisms for Pb(II) (i.e. electrostatic attraction and complexation) and BPA (i.e. host-guest supramolecular and π-π interactions). Moreover, the adsorbed BPA and Pb(II) could be sequentially desorbed with mild decrease in the adsorption performance of BCMW-ß-CD even after five cycles in the Pb(II)-BPA multi-component system.

19.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 136, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM), the major crystalline composition of most kidney stones, induces inflammatory infiltration and injures in renal tubular cells. However, the mechanism of COM-induced toxic effects in renal tubular cells remain ambiguous. The present study aimed to investigate the potential changes in proteomic landscape of proximal renal tubular cells in response to the stimulation of COM crystals. METHODS: Clinical kidney stone samples were collected and characterized by a stone component analyzer. Three COM-enriched samples were applied to treat human proximal tubular epithelial cells HK-2. The proteomic landscape of COM-crystal treated HK-2 cells was screened by TMT-labeled quantitative proteomics analysis. The differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified by pair-wise analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of DEPs were performed. Protein interaction networks were identified by STRING database. RESULTS: The data of TMT-labeled quantitative proteomic analysis showed that a total of 1141 proteins were differentially expressed in HK-2 cells, of which 699 were up-regulated and 442 were down-regulated. Functional characterization by KEGG, along with GO enrichments, suggests that the DEPs are mainly involved in cellular components and cellular processes, including regulation of actin cytoskeleton, tight junction and focal adhesion. 3 high-degree hub nodes, CFL1, ACTN and MYH9 were identified by STRING analysis. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that calcium oxalate crystal has a significant effect on protein expression profile in human proximal renal tubular epithelial cells.

20.
BMC Genet ; 21(1): 112, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In order to study the relations of hepatocellular functions, weight gain and metabolic imbalance caused by low-dose antibiotics (LDA) via epigenetic regulation of gene transcription, 32 weaned piglets were employed as animal models and randomly allocated into two groups with diets supplemented with 0 or LDA (chlorotetracycline and virginiamycin). RESULTS: During the 4 weeks of the experiment, LDA showed a clear growth-promoting effect, which was exemplified by the significantly elevated body weight and average daily gain. Promoter methylome profiling using liquid hybridization capture-based bisulfite sequencing (LHC-BS) indicated that most of the 745 differential methylation regions (DMRs) were hypermethylated in the LDA group. Several DMRs were significantly enriched in genes related with fatty acids metabolic pathways, such as FABP1 and PCK1. In addition, 71 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained by strand-specific transcriptome analysis of liver tissues, including ALOX15, CXCL10 and NNMT, which are three key DEGs that function in lipid metabolism and immunity and which had highly elevated expression in the LDA group. In accordance with these molecular changes, the lipidome analyses of serum by LC-MS identified 38 significantly differential lipids, most of which were downregulated in the LDA group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that LDA could induce epigenetic and transcriptional changes of key genes and lead to enhanced efficiency of lipid metabolism in the liver.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...