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1.
Rheumatol Int ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499196

RESUMO

In view of the possible involvement of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) in pathogenesis of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) based on our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) results, the primary objective of this study, therefore, was to investigate the correlations between the content of VEGF-C in serum and clinical and biochemical markers of AOSD. Blood samples were collected from 80 patients with AOSD, 26 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 30 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 31 healthy control subjects. The serum VEGF-C levels were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Statistical analysis and comparisons were conducted. A significantly higher serum VEGF-C level was observed in patients with AOSD than in HC. Serum VEGF-C levels had high AUC value of 0.8145 for distinguishing AOSD group from healthy group with sensitivity of 0.7097 and specificity of 0.8250. It also showed good diagnostic value to differentiate AOSD from other autoinflammatory diseases with sensitivity of 0.7500 and specificity of 0.5500. AOSD patients with fever, arthralgia, skin rash, sore throat, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly hepatomegaly and pleuritis, had a higher level than those who did not have these symptoms (p = 0.0012, p = 0.0092, p = 0.0056, p = 0.0123, p = 0.0068, p = 0.0030, p = 0.0020, and p = 0.0018, respectively). The serum VEGF-C levels were also positively correlated with laboratory features and several cytokines related to AOSD disease activity. In conclusion, our study unveiled a close association between serum VEGF-C levels and AOSD including disease activity and clinical hematological manifestations, suggesting the potential utility of VEGF-C as a candidate biomarker to assess disease activity in AOSD.

2.
J Autoimmun ; 116: 102562, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168359

RESUMO

Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare autoinflammatory disease with systemic involvement, and its pathophysiology remains unclear. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in the Chinese population have revealed an association between AOSD and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) locus; however, causal variants in the MHC remain undetermined. In the present study, we identified independent amino-acid polymorphisms in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules that are associated with Han Chinese patients with AOSD by fine-mapping the MHC locus. Through conditional analyses, we identified position 34 in HLA-DQα1 (p = 1.44 × 10-14) and Asn in HLA-DRß1 position 37 (p = 5.12 × 10-11) as the major determinants for AOSD. Moreover, we identified the associations for three main HLA class II alleles: HLA-DQB1*06:02 (OR = 2.70, p = 3.02 × 10-14), HLA-DRB1*15:01 (OR = 2.44, p = 3.66 × 10-13), and HLA-DQA1*01:02 (OR = 1.97, p = 1.09 × 10-9). This study reveals the relationship between functional variations in the class II HLA region and AOSD, implicating the MHC locus in the pathogenesis of AOSD.

3.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 42(2): 206-213, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958215

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To assess the clinical performance and correlations of automated chemiluminescence assay (CIA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies in the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The study recruited 505 subjects, including 192 with APS, 193 with connective tissue diseases other than APS, and 120 healthy donors. We measured anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-ß2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß2GPI) antibodies IgG, IgM, and IgA in all the samples using both CIA and ELISA. RESULTS: Total agreement between the two methods ranged from 83.50% for anti-ß2GPI IgG antibodies to 92.76% for anti-ß2GPI IgM antibodies in all the groups. Anti-ß2GPI and aCL IgG assays showed the highest Spearman's rho coefficients (anti-ß2GPI IgG = 0.742, aCL IgG = 0.715). Anti-ß2GPI IgG CIA showed the highest sensitivity for diagnosis of APS at 80.21%, which was significantly higher than the sensitivity of anti-ß2GPI IgG ELISA (52.08%). For diagnosis of APS, anti-ß2GPI IgG CIA had the best discrimination power with the area under the curves (AUC) of 0.922, followed by aCL IgG CIA (AUC of 0.905). While the CIA AUC was slightly higher in all cases, the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: CIA measurements had a good agreement and correlation with comparative ELISA assays. The CIA anti-ß2GPI IgG however was significantly more sensitive for APS diagnosis. The two assay methodologies showed comparable predictive powers and support the value of the CIA method for improved diagnosis and management of patients with APS.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticardiolipina/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Medições Luminescentes , beta 2-Glicoproteína I/sangue , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(23): 2856-2864, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare but clinically well-known polygenic systemic autoinflammatory disease. In this review, we aim to present frontiers in the pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, biomarkers, disease course, prognosis, and treatment in AOSD. DATA SOURCES: We retrieved information from the PubMed database up to July 2019, using various search terms and relevant words, including AOSD and Still's disease. STUDY SELECTION: We included data from peer-reviewed journals. Both basic and clinical studies were selected. RESULTS: Pathogenesis of AOSD involves genetic background, infectious triggers, and immunopathogenesis, mainly the activation of macrophages and neutrophils followed by a cytokine storm. Diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of AOSD is still challenging; therefore, there is an urgent need to identify better biomarkers. Biologic agents, including interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α antagonists in the treatment of AOSD, have good prospect. CONCLUSION: This review highlights the advances in pathogenesis, potential biomarkers, disease course, and treatment in AOSD.


Assuntos
Doença de Still de Início Tardio/patologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-6/uso terapêutico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/uso terapêutico
5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 121(6): 52-57, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease, adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) has heterogeneous clinical manifestations, response to treatment and outcome. This study tried to assess the clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, and treatments of Chinese AOSD patients, and make a retrospective analysis. METHODS: We collected from 7 hospitals in China a total of 517 Chinese patients with AOSD who satisfied the Yamaguchi criteria. We retrospectively evaluated their clinical features, laboratory tests, treatments and compared them with published data from different studies. All the data in this study were from medical records and further statistic analyses. RESULTS: We evaluated a total of 517 AOSD patients, 72% female, average age of onset was 37.7; spiking fever, rash and arthralgia occurred in 472 (91.3%), 413 (79.9%), 378 (73.1%) cases, respectively. There were 439/513 (85.6%) cases with leukocytosis and 456/476 (95.8%) cases with raised serum ferritin. The highest frequently used medications and regimens for remission were glucocorticoids (498/517, 96.3%), methotrexate (273/517, 52.8%) and hydroxychloroquine (174/517, 33.7%). 84.4%. 357/423 of AOSD cases were able to achieve initial remission with different regimens, mostly including glucocorticoids, methotrexate or hydroxychloroquine. 47.2% of them (244/517) received 30

Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/patologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(1): 107-115, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123930

RESUMO

To estimate the mortality and describe the causes of death in a large multicenter cohort of hospitalized patients with SLE in China. This was a retrospective study of a nationwide SLE cohort (10 centers, 29,510 hospitalized patients) from 2005 to 2014 in China. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for all death and were stratified by sex and age. Chi-square test was used to determine whether the major causes of death vary in age, sex, duration of SLE, disease activity, or medications. Comparison between dead patients and survival controls was used to identify the risk factors for mortality. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for mortality. A total of 360 patients died during the study period, accounting for 1.22%. The overall SMR was 2.13 (95% CI 1.96, 2.30), with a particularly high SMR seen in subgroups characterized by younger age. Infection (65.8%) was the most common cause of death, followed by lupus nephritis (48.6%), hematological abnormality (18.1%), neuropsychiatric lupus/NPSLE (15.8%), and interstitial pneumonia (13.1%). Cardiovascular disease and malignancy contributed little to the causes of death. Infection, in particular severe pulmonary infection, emerged as the foremost risk factor for mortality, followed by lupus encephalopathy. However, lupus nephritis and hematological abnormalities occurred more frequently in survival patients. SLE patients at a younger age of diagnosis have a poorer prognosis. Infection dominated the causes of death in recent China. Ethnicity and medications might account for the differences in causes of death compared with western populations.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infecções/complicações , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Adulto Jovem
7.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 56(4): 614-624, 2018 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and clinical associations of antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies (aPS/PT) with thrombosis and pregnancy loss in Chinese patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and seronegative APS (SNAPS). METHODS: One hundred and eighty six Chinese patients with APS (67 primary, 119 secondary), 48 with SNAPS, 176 disease controls (79 systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE], 29 Sjogren's syndrome [SS], 30 ankylosing spondylitis [AS], 38 rheumatoid arthritis [RA]) and 90 healthy donors were examined. IgG and IgM aPS/PT, IgG/IgM/IgA anticardiolipin (aCL) and IgG/IgM/IgA anti-ß2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß2GPI) antibodies were tested by ELISA. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty (86.0%) of APS patients were positive for at least one aPS/PT isotype. One hundred and thirty five (72.6%) were positive for IgG aPS/PT, 124/186 (66.7%) positive for IgM aPS/PT and 99 (53.2%) positive for both. Approximately half of the SNAPS patients were positive for IgG and/or IgM aPS/PT. Highly significant associations between IgG aPS/PT and venous thrombotic events (odds ratio [OR]=6.72) and IgG/IgM aPS/PT and pregnancy loss (OR=9.44) were found. Levels of IgM aPS/PT were significantly different in APS patients with thrombotic manifestations and those with fetal loss (p=0.014). The association between IgG/IgM aPS/PT and lupus anticoagulant (LAC) was highly significant (p<0.001). When both were positive, the OR for APS was 101.6. Notably, 91.95% (80/87) of LAC-positive specimens were positive for IgG and/or IgM aPS/PT, suggesting aPS/PT is an effective option when LAC testing is not available. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-PS/PT antibody assays demonstrated high diagnostic performance for Chinese patients with APS, detected some APS patients negative for criteria markers and may serve as potential risk predictors for venous thrombosis and obstetric complications.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/análise , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/imunologia , Fosfatidilserinas/imunologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Protrombina/imunologia , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/imunologia
8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 36(3): 599-608, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28130684

RESUMO

This study aims to characterize the Chinese Han patients with anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) and compare the data with those of the Euro-Phospholipid cohort. We conducted a single center study consisting of 252 patients with definite APS from 2000 to 2015. We analyzed the clinical and laboratory characteristics of our cohort and compared the data with those of the Euro-Phospholipid cohort. Our cohort consisted of 216 females and 36 males, with a mean age at entry into this study of 41 years (range 11-74 years). Of these patients, 69 (27.4%) patients had primary APS, and 183 (72.6%) had secondary APS (SAPS), including 163 (64.7%) patients had systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Thrombotic events occurred in 190 (75.4%) patients, and the most common ones were deep vein thrombosis (40.1%) and stroke (23.8%), which were similar to the reports of the Euro-Phospholipid cohort. In contrast, our cohort had less pulmonary embolism (6.7%). Among 93 females with 299 pregnancy episodes, the rates of early (<10 weeks) and late fetal loss (≥10 weeks) were, respectively, 37.8% and 24.4%. The latter was significantly higher than that of the Euro-Phospholipid cohort. Moreover, 7 APS nephropathy patients (characterized histopathologically by thrombotic microangiopathy) and 8 catastrophic APS patients were found in our cohort. Anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL) were detected in 169 (67.1%) patients, lupus anti-coagulant (LA) was detected in 83 (32.9%), and anti-ß2 glycoprotein I antibodies (anti-ß2GPI) in 148 (58.7%) patients. These results show that some clinical manifestations of APS may vary among different racial groups.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Trombose/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Criança , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Sintomas , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/complicações , Adulto Jovem
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