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1.
Lancet ; 398(10297): 303-313, 2021 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma have a high risk of disease relapse, despite a high proportion of patients attaining complete clinical remission after receiving standard-of-care treatment (ie, definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy with or without induction chemotherapy). Additional adjuvant therapies are needed to further reduce the risk of recurrence and death. However, the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains controversial, highlighting the need for more effective adjuvant treatment options. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, parallel-group, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial was done at 14 hospitals in China. Patients (aged 18-65 years) with histologically confirmed, high-risk locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (stage III-IVA, excluding T3-4N0 and T3N1 disease), no locoregional disease or distant metastasis after definitive chemoradiotherapy, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, sufficient haematological, renal, and hepatic function, and who had received their final radiotherapy dose 12-16 weeks before randomisation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either oral metronomic capecitabine (650 mg/m2 body surface area twice daily for 1 year; metronomic capecitabine group) or observation (standard therapy group). Randomisation was done with a computer-generated sequence (block size of four), stratified by trial centre and receipt of induction chemotherapy (yes or no). The primary endpoint was failure-free survival, defined as the time from randomisation to disease recurrence (distant metastasis or locoregional recurrence) or death due to any cause, in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of capecitabine or who had commenced observation. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02958111. FINDINGS: Between Jan 25, 2017, and Oct 25, 2018, 675 patients were screened, of whom 406 were enrolled and randomly assigned to the metronomic capecitabine group (n=204) or to the standard therapy group (n=202). After a median follow-up of 38 months (IQR 33-42), there were 29 (14%) events of recurrence or death in the metronomic capecitabine group and 53 (26%) events of recurrence or death in the standard therapy group. Failure-free survival at 3 years was significantly higher in the metronomic capecitabine group (85·3% [95% CI 80·4-90·6]) than in the standard therapy group (75·7% [69·9-81·9]), with a stratified hazard ratio of 0·50 (95% CI 0·32-0·79; p=0·0023). Grade 3 adverse events were reported in 35 (17%) of 201 patients in the metronomic capecitabine group and in 11 (6%) of 200 patients in the standard therapy group; hand-foot syndrome was the most common adverse event related to capecitabine (18 [9%] patients had grade 3 hand-foot syndrome). One (<1%) patient in the metronomic capecitabine group had grade 4 neutropenia. No treatment-related deaths were reported in either group. INTERPRETATION: The addition of metronomic adjuvant capecitabine to chemoradiotherapy significantly improved failure-free survival in patients with high-risk locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, with a manageable safety profile. These results support a potential role for metronomic chemotherapy as an adjuvant therapy in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Key-Area Research and Development Program of Guangdong Province, the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, the Innovation Team Development Plan of the Ministry of Education, and the Overseas Expertise Introduction Project for Discipline Innovation. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Assuntos
Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Metronômica , Adulto , Idoso , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 113(4): 471-480, 2021 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the mainstay treatment for patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, some patients obtain little benefit and experience unnecessary toxicities from IC. We intended to develop a gene-expression signature that can identify beneficiaries of IC. METHODS: We screened chemosensitivity-related genes by comparing gene-expression profiles of patients with short-term tumor response or nonresponse to IC (n = 95) using microarray analysis. Chemosensitivity-related genes were quantified by digital expression profiling in a training cohort (n = 342) to obtain a gene signature. We then validated this gene signature in the clinical trial cohort (n = 187) and an external independent cohort (n = 240). Tests of statistical significance are 2-sided. RESULTS: We identified 43 chemosensitivity-related genes associated with the short-term tumor response to IC. In the training cohort, a 6-gene signature was developed that was highly accurate at predicting the short-term tumor response to IC (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.87, sensitivity = 87.5%, specificity = 75.6%). We further found that IC conferred failure-free survival benefits only in patients in the benefit group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.54, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.34 to 0.87; P = .01) and not on those in the no-benefit group (HR = 1.25, 95% CI = 0.62 to 2.51; P = .53). In the clinical trial cohort, the 6-gene signature was also highly accurate at predicting the tumor response (AUC = 0.82, sensitivity = 87.5%, specificity = 71.8%) and indicated failure-free survival benefits. In the external independent cohort, similar results were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The 6-gene signature can help select beneficiaries of IC and lay a foundation for a more individualized therapeutic strategy for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos de Coortes , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
N Engl J Med ; 381(12): 1124-1135, 2019 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care for patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Additional gemcitabine and cisplatin induction chemotherapy has shown promising efficacy in phase 2 trials. METHODS: In a parallel-group, multicenter, randomized, controlled, phase 3 trial, we compared gemcitabine and cisplatin as induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone. Patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive gemcitabine (at a dose of 1 g per square meter of body-surface area on days 1 and 8) plus cisplatin (80 mg per square meter on day 1), administered every 3 weeks for three cycles, plus chemoradiotherapy (concurrent cisplatin at a dose of 100 mg per square meter every 3 weeks for three cycles plus intensity-modulated radiotherapy) or chemoradiotherapy alone. The primary end point was recurrence-free survival (i.e., freedom from disease recurrence [distant metastasis or locoregional recurrence] or death from any cause) in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary end points included overall survival, treatment adherence, and safety. RESULTS: A total of 480 patients were included in the trial (242 patients in the induction chemotherapy group and 238 in the standard-therapy group). At a median follow-up of 42.7 months, the 3-year recurrence-free survival was 85.3% in the induction chemotherapy group and 76.5% in the standard-therapy group (stratified hazard ratio for recurrence or death, 0.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.34 to 0.77; P = 0.001). Overall survival at 3 years was 94.6% and 90.3%, respectively (stratified hazard ratio for death, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.77). A total of 96.7% of the patients completed three cycles of induction chemotherapy. The incidence of acute adverse events of grade 3 or 4 was 75.7% in the induction chemotherapy group and 55.7% in the standard-therapy group, with a higher incidence of neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, nausea, and vomiting in the induction chemotherapy group. The incidence of grade 3 or 4 late toxic effects was 9.2% in the induction chemotherapy group and 11.4% in the standard-therapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Induction chemotherapy added to chemoradiotherapy significantly improved recurrence-free survival and overall survival, as compared with chemoradiotherapy alone, among patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. (Funded by the Innovation Team Development Plan of the Ministry of Education and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01872962.).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Leucopenia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int J Cancer ; 145(1): 295-305, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30613964

RESUMO

To report long-term results of a randomized controlled trial that compared cisplatin/fluorouracil/docetaxel (TPF) induction chemotherapy (IC) plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with CCRT alone in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Patients with stage III-IVB (except T3-4 N0) NPC were randomly assigned to receive IC plus CCRT (n = 241) or CCRT alone (n = 239). IC included three cycles of docetaxel (60 mg/m2 d1), cisplatin (60 mg/m2 d1), and fluorouracil (600 mg/m2 /d civ d1-5) every 3 weeks. Patients from both groups received intensity-modulated radiotherapy concurrently with three cycles of 100 mg/m2 cisplatin every 3 weeks. After a median follow-up of 71.5 months, the IC plus CCRT group showed significantly better 5-year failure-free survival (FFS, 77.4% vs. 66.4%, p = 0.019), overall survival (OS, 85.6% vs. 77.7%, p = 0.042), distant failure-free survival (88% vs. 79.8%, p = 0.030), and locoregional failure-free survival (90.7% vs. 83.8%, p = 0.044) compared to the CCRT alone group. Post hoc subgroup analyses revealed that beneficial effects on FFS were primarily observed in patients with N1, stage IVA, pretreatment lactate dehydrogenase ≥170 U/l, or pretreatment plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA ≥6000 copies/mL. Two nomograms were further developed to predict the potential FFS and OS benefit of TPF IC. The incidence of grade 3 or 4 late toxicities was 8.8% (21/239) in the IC plus CCRT group and 9.2% (22/238) in the CCRT alone group. Long-term follow-up confirmed that TPF IC plus CCRT significantly improved survival in locoregionally advanced NPC with no marked increase in late toxicities and could be an option of treatment for these patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
5.
Oncologist ; 24(1): e38-e45, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to verify 10-year results of survival and late toxicities and assess the ultimate therapeutic ratio of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) versus two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data from 1,276 patients with nonmetastatic NPC who received IMRT or 2DRT from January 2003 to December 2006. RESULTS: Of the 1,276 patients, 512 were treated with IMRT and 764 with 2DRT. Median follow-up was 115 months. At 10 years, the IMRT group demonstrated significantly better results than the 2DRT group in local failure-free survival (L-FFS; 90% vs. 84%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.57, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.40-0.81; p = .001), failure-free survival (FFS; 69% vs. 58%; HR, 0.69, 95% CI, 0.57-0.83; p < .001), and overall survival (OS; 75% vs. 63%; HR, 0.62, 95% CI, 0.51-0.77; p < .001). Subgroup multivariate analyses showed that radiotherapeutic technique (IMRT vs. 2DRT) remained an independent prognostic factor for L-FFS in the T1 subgroup (HR, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.11-0.80; p = .02); for FFS in the stage II subgroup (HR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.24-0.73; p = .002); and for OS in the stage I (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.04-0.96; p = .04), stage II (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.21-0.75; p = .004), and stage IVA-B (HR, 0.74, 95% CI, 0.56-0.98; p = .04) subgroups. The incidence of grade 3-4 temporal lobe necrosis, cranial neuropathy, eye damage, ear damage, neck soft tissue damage, trismus, and dry mouth was significantly lower in the IMRT group than in the 2DRT group. CONCLUSION: IMRT demonstrated an improved ultimate therapeutic ratio compared with 2DRT in patients with NPC after a 10-year follow-up, with significant improvement of L-FFS, FFS, and OS and decrease in most late toxicities. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The ultimate therapeutic ratio of intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus two-dimensional radiotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma is unclear. In this retrospective study of 1,276 patients with nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma with a follow-up of 115 months, intensity-modulated radiotherapy demonstrated an improved ultimate therapeutic ratio compared with two-dimensional radiotherapy, with significant improvement of local failure-free survival, failure-free survival, and overall survival and decrease in most late toxicities and noncancer deaths. However, distant control remains insufficient with this treatment modality.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Oral Oncol ; 85: 95-100, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220326

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of induction chemotherapy in the treatment of stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in era of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 173 patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th stage II NPC from two institutions were included. All patients were divided into two groups: induction chemotherapy + concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (ICRT) group and concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (CCRT). Induction chemotherapy was consisted of one to three cycles of cisplatin plus fluorouracil (PF) or paclitaxel plus cisplatin (TP). Concurrent chemotherapy included one to three cycles of cisplatin. We retrospectively assessed overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), locoregional failure free survival (LRFFS) and distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) in patients of both groups. T-test, Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier methodology and Cox proportional hazards model were used to analyze. RESULTS: With a median follow up of 64.7 months, no significant difference was found in grade 3-4 hematologic toxicity, liver dysfunction and renal impairment between ICRT and CCRT group. Univariable analyses shown adding induction chemotherapy to CCRT significantly decreased 5-year OS (87.9% vs 95.5%, P = 0.033), 5-year PFS (74.0% vs 86.1%, P = 0.035), 5-year LRFFS (80.0% vs 91.2%, P = 0.016), but there was no statistically significant difference in 5-year DMFS (87.1% vs 94.7%, P = 0.095). In multivariable analyses, we found the consistent results that induction chemotherapy was a negative factor associated with OS (HR of death = 3.768, 95% CI = 1.117-12.709; P = 0.032), PFS (HR of progression = 2.156, 95% CI = 1.060-4.386; P = 0.034), LRFFS (HR of locoregional relapse = 2.435, 95% CI = 1.009-5.874; P = 0.048) and also DMFS (HR of metastasis = 2.873, 95% CI = 1.005-8.211; P = 0.049), in stage II NPC patients. CONCLUSION: In present study, we found that induction chemotherapy caused deleterious effect on stage II NPC patients. However, this is a retrospective study and the adverse effects of induction chemotherapy has not been previously reported. It warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adulto , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Oral Oncol ; 78: 37-45, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of sequential chemoradiotherapy (SCRT; induction chemotherapy [IC] followed by intensity-modulated radiotherapy [IMRT]) in stage II and low-risk stage III-IV nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four well-matched groups were individually generated using propensity score matching in patients (n = 689) with stage II (SCRT vs. concurrent chemoradiotherapy [CCRT], SCRT vs. IMRT alone) and low-risk stage III-IV NPC (SCRT vs. CCRT, SCRT vs. IC + CCRT). Five-year overall/disease-free/locoregional relapse-free/distant metastasis-free survival (OS/DFS/LRRFS/DMFS) and acute hematological toxicities were compared between groups. The value of SCRT was further investigated in multivariate analysis and subgroup analysis by adjusting for covariates and limiting IC-to-IMRT time interval, respectively. RESULTS: SCRT led to equivalent survival outcomes compared to CCRT/IMRT alone and CCRT/IC + CCRT in stage II and low-risk stage III-IV NPC, respectively (all P > .050). In multivariate analysis, patients with stage II NPC treated by SCRT obtained higher DMFS (AHR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.05-1.00, P = .050), but not OS, DFS or LRRFS, compared to patients receiving CCRT; non-significant differences were observed between SCRT and other treatments. SCRT with short IC-to-IMRT time interval (≤70 days) achieved higher 5-year survival rates than IMRT alone (DMFS: P = .046), CCRT (stage II NPC; OS: P = .047; DMFS: P = .020) and IC + CCRT (DFS: P = .041). Moreover, SCRT was associated with higher, equivalent and lower frequencies of acute hematological toxicities than IMRT alone, CCRT and IC + CCRT, respectively. CONCLUSION: SCRT is mainly beneficial in stage II NPC, leading to better DMFS and/or equivalent acute hematological toxicities compared to CCRT/IMRT alone. CCRT is still the best choice for low-risk stage III-IV NPC.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Cancer ; 9(1): 92-99, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290773

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the long-term survival outcomes and acute toxicity between locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients who received either weekly or 3-weekly cisplatin during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Methods: Between November 2008 and August 2011, 241 biopsy-proved NPC patients receiving concurrent cisplatin with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were included. 90 patients treated with 4-7 weeks of 30-40 mg/m2 cisplatin weekly were matched with 90 patients who received two or three cycles of 80 mg/m2 cisplatin three-weekly by sex, age, T stage, N stage, Karnosky performance score (KPS). IMRT was presented to the nasopharyngeal gross target volume at 66-72 Gy/30-32 fractions and those involved neck area at 60-66 Gy/30-32 fractions. Results: The median follow-up time was 69 months (range, 2-91 months), and the 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates were 85.6% vs. 90.0% (P = 0.207), 85.6% vs. 92.6% (P = 0.152), 94.4% vs. 96.7% (P = 0.411), and 88.9% vs. 95.6% (P = 0.107) for the group treated weekly and 3-weekly cisplatin, respectively. No statistically significant survival differences were found between the two treatment groups in both univariate and multivariate analyses. The similar incidence of acute toxicities was observed between two groups. Conclusions: Concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy administered weekly or three-weekly in combination with IMRT leads to similar acute toxicities and long-term survival outcomes in locoregionally advanced NPC patients.

9.
J Cancer ; 8(17): 3548-3554, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151940

RESUMO

Background: Given recent results indicating that diminished LKB1 expression in laryngeal cancer correlates with shorter survival. We aim to perform an analysis estimate the role of decreased liver kinase B1(LKB1) and in the prognostication of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study and evaluate the expression of LKB1 and p16INK4a (p16) in 208 clinical advanced-stage LSCC tissue samples by using immunohistochemistry. The specimens were received at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China). To evaluate the independent prognostic relevance of LKB1, univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used, overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that 80/208 (38.5%) of the LSCC tissue samples expressed high LKB1. Low LKB1 expression was associated with a significantly shorter OS and DMFS than high LKB1 expression (P = 0.041 and 0.028, respectively; log-rank test), and there was a poorer OS in the p16-positive than p16-negative group. In the subgroup stratified by p16 status, the shorter OS were also seen with low LKB1 expression. Multivariate survival analysis indicated that high LKB1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.628, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.060-2.500, P = 0.026) and DMFS (HR: 2.182, 95% CI: 1.069-4.456, P = 0.032). Conclusions: Our data indicated that low expression of LKB1 was significantly associated with poor prognosis and it may represent a marker of tumor metastasis in patients with LSCC. When combined with p16, LKB1 was also of prognostic value.

10.
Oncotarget ; 8(39): 66360-66370, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29029518

RESUMO

The NOTCH1 signaling pathway is crucial for T-cell development, and NOTCH1 and/or FBXW7 mutations are frequently detected in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of 18 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the prognostic impact of mutations in the NOTCH1 pathway. After retrieving relevant articles from PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, we investigated overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) with hazard ratios (HRs) using fixed-effects or random-effects models and conducted subgroup analyses based on population and mutation status. NOTCH1/FBXW7 mutations correlated significantly with better prognosis (5-year EFS: HR, 0.57; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.46 to 0.68; P < 0.001 and 5-year OS: HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.51 to 0.74; P < 0.001). The HR for 5-year EFS and OS with NOTCH1 mutations were 0.63 (95% CI, 0.53 to 0.75) and 0.76 (95% CI, 0.60 to 0.95), respectively; with FBXW7 mutations, they were 0.82 (95% CI, 0.60 to 1.11) and 0.79 (95% CI, 0.55 to 1.12), respectively. However, differences between children and adults showed no significance. We conclude that the presence of NOTCH1/FBXW7 mutations is an independent prognostic factor for 5-year EFS and 5-year OS.

11.
J Cancer ; 8(12): 2410-2416, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28819445

RESUMO

Background: DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) is known to function in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the expression and clinicopathologic significance of DNA-PKcs in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 208 patients with advanced-stage LSCC treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China. We assessed DNA-PKcs and p16INK4a (p16) status using immunohistochemistry. We examined the association between DNA-PKcs expression and clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes. To evaluate the independent prognostic relevance of DNA-PKcs, we used univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. We estimated overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that 163/208 (78.4%) of the LSCC tissue samples exhibited high DNA-PKcs expression. High DNA-PKcs expression was significantly associated with survival outcomes (P = 0.016) and distant metastasis (P = 0.02; chi-squared test). High DNA-PKcs expression was associated with a significantly shorter OS and DMFS than low DNA-PKcs expression (P = 0.029 and 0.033, respectively; log-rank test), and was associated with poor OS in the p16-positive subgroup (P = 0.047). Multivariate analysis identified DNA-PKcs as an independent prognostic indicator of OS and DMFS in all patients (P = 0.039 and 0.037, respectively). Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients with LSCC in whom DNA-PKcs expression is elevated have a higher incidence of distant metastasis and a poorer prognosis. DNA-PKcs may represent a marker of tumor progression in patients with p16-positive LSCC.

12.
Chin J Cancer ; 35(1): 90, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27733208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the ABO blood group is associated with the survival of patients with laryngeal cancer remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the ABO blood group and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with laryngeal cancer and assess whether the ABO blood group was associated with prognosis. METHODS: We analyzed the records of 1260 patients with laryngeal cancer who underwent curative treatment at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 1993 and December 2009. The Chi-square test was used to assess the relationship between the ABO blood group and clinicopathologic characteristics. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival (OS) rates. The Cox proportional hazards model was used in univariate and multivariate analyses of OS. RESULTS: No significant association was found between the ABO blood group and clinicopathologic characteristics except for primary tumor site. The median OS for patients with blood groups A, B, AB, and O were 87.0, 80.0, 90.0, and 72.5 months, respectively. The 3-, 5-, and 10-year OS rates were 82.4%, 76.0%, and 67.5% for patients with blood group A; 77.4%, 69.8%, and 58.4% for patients with blood group B; 82.2%, 73.1%, and 65.6% for patients with blood group AB; and 71.7%, 66.4%, and 55.5% for patients with blood group O, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that the ABO blood group had significant effects on prognosis in patients with laryngeal cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The ABO blood group is associated with survival in patients with laryngeal cancer. Patients with blood group O had significantly shorter OS than patients with other ABO blood groups.


Assuntos
Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
13.
Lancet Oncol ; 17(11): 1509-1520, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27686945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of adding cisplatin, fluorouracil, and docetaxel (TPF) induction chemotherapy to concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is unclear. We aimed to compare TPF induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone in a suitably powered trial. METHODS: We did an open-label, phase 3, multicentre, randomised controlled trial at ten institutions in China. Patients with previously untreated, stage III-IVB (except T3-4N0) nasopharyngeal carcinoma, aged 18-59 years without severe comorbidities were enrolled. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone (three cycles of 100 mg/m2 cisplatin every 3 weeks, concurrently with intensity-modulated radiotherapy). Induction chemotherapy was three cycles of intravenous docetaxel (60 mg/m2 on day 1), intravenous cisplatin (60 mg/m2 on day 1), and continuous intravenous fluorouracil (600 mg/m2 per day from day 1 to day 5) every 3 weeks before concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Randomisation was by a computer-generated random number code with a block size of four, stratified by treatment centre and disease stage (III or IV). Treatment allocation was not masked. The primary endpoint was failure-free survival calculated from randomisation to locoregional failure, distant failure, or death from any cause; required sample size was 476 patients (238 per group). We did efficacy analyses in our intention-to-treat population. The follow-up is ongoing; in this report, we present the 3-year survival results and acute toxic effects. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01245959. FINDINGS: Between March 1, 2011, and Aug 22, 2013, 241 patients were assigned to induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy and 239 to concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone. After a median follow-up of 45 months (IQR 38-49), 3-year failure-free survival was 80% (95% CI 75-85) in the induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy group and 72% (66-78) in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone group (hazard ratio 0·68, 95% CI 0·48-0·97; p=0·034). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events during treatment in the 239 patients in the induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy group versus the 238 patients in concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone group were neutropenia (101 [42%] vs 17 [7%]), leucopenia (98 [41%] vs 41 [17%]), and stomatitis (98 [41%] vs 84 [35%]). INTERPRETATION: Addition of TPF induction chemotherapy to concurrent chemoradiotherapy significantly improved failure-free survival in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma with acceptable toxicity. Long-term follow-up is required to determine long-term efficacy and toxicities. FUNDING: Shenzhen Main Luck Pharmaceuticals Inc, Sun Yat-sen University Clinical Research 5010 Program (2007037), National Science and Technology Pillar Program during the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period (2014BAI09B10), Health & Medical Collaborative Innovation Project of Guangzhou City (201400000001), Planned Science and Technology Project of Guangdong Province (2013B020400004), and The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0902000).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia , Quimioterapia de Indução , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Adulto , Carcinoma , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Taxoides/administração & dosagem
14.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 4(1): 70-76, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26870361

RESUMO

The most effective therapeutic approach for the node-negative (N0) neck in patients with recurrent laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) remains a subject of dispute. In the present study, the records of 163 patients with recurrent laryngeal SCC were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had a N0 neck at recurrence. At the time of recurrence, the N0 neck was managed using a wait-and-see strategy (observation group) or treatment (treatment group). A total of 125 (76.7%) patients accepted the wait-and-see strategy and 38 (23.3%) patients underwent treatments, including surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. The Kaplan-Meier method with the computation of log-rank was used for analysis of survival. The t-test, χ2 test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparisons of non-survival data in the groups. P<0.05 was considered to indicate a statistically significant difference in the two-sided tests. The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates after recurrence were 64.5 and 54.6% for the observation group, and 49.9 and 42.5% for the treatment group, respectively (P=0.011). The present study suggests that a wait-and-see policy is a satisfactory management option for the N0 neck in recurrent laryngeal SCC.

15.
PLoS One ; 10(10): e0141332, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26506559

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To estimate the influence of prolonged radiation treatment time (RTT) on survival outcomes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma after continuous intensity-modulated radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Retrospectively review 321 patients with NPC treated between October 2009 and December 2010 and all of them underwent simultaneous accelerated intensity-modulated radiation therapy. The fractionated dose was 2-2.47 Gy/F (median 2.27 Gy), and the total dose for nasopharyngeal region was 64-74 Gy/ 28-33 fractions. The association of prolonged RTT and treatment interruption with PFS, LRFS and DFFS were assessed by univariate analysis and multivariate analysis. Survival analyses were carried out using Kaplan-Meier methodology and the log-rank test was used to assess the difference. The Cox regression proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analyses and evaluating the prognostic parameters for PFS, LRFS and DFFS. RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed no significant associations between prolonged RTT and PFS, LRFS, DFFS when dichotomized using various cut-off values (all P>0.05). In multivariate analysis, RTT (range, 36-63 days) as a continuous variable, had no influence on any survival outcome as well (P>0.05). T and N classification were independent prognostic factors for PFS, LRFS and DFFS (all P<0.05, except T classification for LRFS, P = 0.057). Age was an independent prognostic factor for PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.033; P = 0.008) and DFFS (HR, 1.032; P = 0.043). CONCLUSION: We conclude that no such association between survival outcomes and radiation treatment duration (range: 36-63 days) can be found in the present retrospective study, however, we have to remind that prolongation in treatment should be limited in clinical application and interruptions caused by any reason should be minimized as much as possible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Voice ; 29(3): 356-62, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25484261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the potentially prognostic indicators of early laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCCs), including human papillomavirus (HPV) status. METHODS: A total of 336 patients with T2N0-1M0 LSCC were included in this study. Clinical data were collected from archival documents, and HPV infection and p16(INK4A) expression were detected. RESULTS: A total of 32/318 cases of high-risk HPV infection and 10/336 cases of p16(INK4A) overexpression were found. Three hundred eighteen tumors were classified into a three-class model according to HPV infection and p16(INK4A) expression: class I, HPV+/p16+; class II, HPV+/p16-; and class III, HPV-/p16-. Class III had a trend of decreased overall survival (OS) (P = 0.076) and a markedly low relapse-free survival (RFS) (P = 0.022) compared with class I and class II. HPV-positive cases (class I plus class II) had a significantly longer OS (P = 0.038) and RFS (P = 0.006). In multivariate analysis, HPV-positive (P = 0.020), nonanemia (P = 0.011), and N0 stage (P = 0.005) were significant predictors for high RFS. But only HPV-positive (P = 0.047) and nonanemia (P < 0.001) were significant predictors for superior OS. CONCLUSION: A trend of discrete survival among HPV+/p16+, HPV+/p16-, and HPV-/p16 classes was found in early LSCCs. We suggest that HPV infection and hemoglobin level are the potential factors that can stratify outcome of early LSCCs.


Assuntos
Anemia/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/sangue , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Laríngeas/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/mortalidade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Cancer Sci ; 104(12): 1553-9, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24344719

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCCs) frequently show different clinical and pathological features, which tend to be younger age, better performance status, less tobacco and alcohol consumption, more poorly differentiated histopathology, but usually with better treatment response and prognosis compared with HPV-negative OPSCCs. In tumor tissue, HPV infection is closely correlated with p16(INK4A) expression, which has been suggested to be a surrogate biomarker of HPV infection. However, there is diversity of sensitivity and specificity about p16(INK4A) in surrogate detection of HPV status. Herein, we summarize the current knowledge and note some aspects for consideration concerning p16(INK4A) as a surrogate biomarker for HPV-associated OPSCC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Alphapapillomavirus/patogenicidade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , DNA Viral/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prognóstico
19.
Radiat Oncol ; 8: 121, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23675829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combined predictive value of plasma uric acid and primary tumor volume in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients receiving intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has not yet been determined. METHODS: In this retrospective study, plasma uric acid level was measured after treatment in 130 histologically-proven NPC patients treated with IMRT. Tumor volume was calculated from treatment planning CT scans. Overall (OS), progression-free (PFS) and distant metastasis-free (DMFS) survival were compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log rank test, and Cox multivariate and univariate regression models were created. RESULTS: Patients with a small tumor volume (<27 mL) had a significantly better DMFS, PFS and OS than patients with a large tumor volume. Patients with a high post-treatment plasma uric acid level (>301 µmol/L) had a better DMFS, PFS and OS than patients with a low post-treatment plasma uric acid level. Patients with a small tumor volume and high post-treatment plasma uric acid level had a favorable prognosis compared to patients with a large tumor volume and low post-treatment plasma uric acid level (7-year overall OS, 100% vs. 48.7%, P <0.001 and PFS, 100% vs. 69.5%, P <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Post-treatment plasma uric acid level and pre-treatment tumor volume have predictive value for outcome in NPC patients receiving IMRT. NPC patients with a large tumor volume and low post-treatment plasma uric acid level may benefit from additional aggressive treatment after IMRT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 138(10): 1717-25, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22684794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: No randomized trial has been reported comparing different chemotherapy regimens on disseminated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study aims to compare five cisplatin-based regimens including cisplatin + 5-fluororacil (PF), paclitaxel + cisplatin (TP), gemcitabine + cisplain (GP), paclitaxel + cisplatin + 5-fluororacil (TPF), and bleomycin + cisplatin + 5-fluororacil (BPF) regimen most frequently used as the first-line protocols for metastatic NPC retrospectively. METHODS: Eight hundred and twenty-two patients with metastatic NPC were divided into five groups according to the regimen they received. Then, their response rate, toxicity, and long-term survival outcome as well as the prognostic factors were analyzed. RESULTS: The higher response rates in GP and TPF regimens comparing to PF regimen were achieved (Χ (2) = 4.57, P = 0.033; Χ (2) = 7.04, P = 0.008), as well as in TPF regimen comparing to TP regimen (Χ (2) = 5.579, P = 0.018). The occurrence rate of the major III-IV grade toxicity was significantly different between the five groups. However, no statistically significant difference was observed in progression-free survival (PFS; P = 0.247) and overall survival (P = 0.127) among the five groups. Cox multivariate analysis identified the following independent prognostic factors: liver metastases, plasma Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)-DNA level, cycles of chemotherapy, and second-line chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: PF, TP, and GP are all effective regimens as the first-line chemotherapy for metastatic NPC, which can be well tolerated. Over four cycles of chemotherapy are recommended under no contraindication. Patients should transfer to the second-line regimen after the treatment failure of the first-line chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
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