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2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(28): 25100-25107, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260243

RESUMO

CuZn alloy, regarded as the active sites, shows excellent catalytic activity for the reverse water gas shift reaction, whereas the incorporation of N atoms, especially pyridinic N, can greatly improve its catalytic properties because of the strong promotion capacity for adsorption and activation of CO2 molecules. Herein, the synthesis strategy involving Cu-doped Zn-based metal-organic frameworks is utilized to prepare CuZn alloy coated in an N-doped carbon shell. The excellent catalytic ability for CO2 transformation originates from the synergistic catalytic effect between CuZn alloy and pyridinic N. The strong adsorption and activation capacity for CO2 of pyridinic N is ascribed to the lone pair of electrons on the N atom and the high electron density in its vicinity.

3.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e1801219, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338957

RESUMO

SCOPE: The high rates of overweight and obesity, currently occurring in children, underline the urgent need for preventive strategies in early life before excess weight is gained. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the alleviating obesity property of chlorophyll supplementation in early life is investigated using a 4-week-old C57BL/6J male mice model with obesity induced by high-fat diet (HFD). The present study finds that chlorophyll supplementation in early life can effectively retard body weight gain, improve glucose tolerance, as well as reduce low-grade inflammation in HFD-fed mice. Consequently, high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA demonstrates that chlorophyll supplementation significantly reversed the HFD-induced gut dysbiosis, as evidenced by the decreased Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratios as chlorophyll is introduced. Furthermore, in chlorophyll-fed mice, the increased abundance of Blautia and norank_f_Bacteroidales_S24-7_group, and the decreased abundance of Lactococcus and Lactobacillus, bring about the possibility that chlorophyll's alterations to the gut microbiota composition would be the main factors for dietary chlorophyll alleviating obesity-related indexes. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results reveal that the intake of chlorophyll in early life may propel healthy weight management and produce beneficial effects against potential obesity in later life.

4.
J Nutr Biochem ; 70: 105-115, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200315

RESUMO

Numerous natural herbs have been proven as safe anti-obesity resources. Ginger, one of the most widely consumed spices, has shown beneficial effects against obesity and related metabolic disorders. The present study aimed to examine whether the antiobesity effect of ginger is associated with energy metabolism. Mice were maintained on either a normal control diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) with or without 500 mg/kg (w/w) ginger supplementation. After 16 weeks, ginger supplementation alleviated the HFD-induced increases in body weight, fat accumulation, and levels of serum glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol. Indirect calorimetry showed that ginger administration significantly increased the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and heat production in both diet models. Furthermore, ginger administration corrected the HFD-induced changes in concentrations of intermediates in glycolysis and the TCA cycle. Moreover, ginger enhanced brown adipose tissue function and activated white adipose tissue browning by altering the gene expression and protein levels of some brown and beige adipocyte-selective markers. Additionally, stimulation of the browning program by ginger may be partly regulated by the sirtuin-1 (SIRT1)/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) pathway. Taken together, these results indicate that dietary ginger prevents body weight gain by remodeling whole-body energy metabolism and inducing browning of white adipose tissue (WAT). Thus, ginger is an edible plant that plays a role in the therapeutic treatment of obesity and related disorders.

5.
FASEB J ; 33(9): 10339-10352, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211921

RESUMO

The gut microbiota, identified as the target for vegetables, can affect the development of obesity and associated metabolic syndromes. As a medicinal and edible plant, Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem (LC) has abundant nutrients that can effectively reduce obesity risk. However, the interaction between the prevention effects of LC against obesity and the modulating gut microbiota of LC remain obscure. This study demonstrated LC supplementation improved high-fat diet (HFD)-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis and significantly enhanced short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria (e.g., Blautia) along with SCFA content accumulation in the gut. Meanwhile, LC supplementation substantially restored gut barrier damage in long-term HFD treatment. Moreover, LC supplementation improved HFD-induced overweight, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and chronic inflammation. Gene expression profiles showed that LC displayed an important impact on hepatic lipid transport and lipid synthesis (sterol regulatory element binding transcriptional factor 1c-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ signaling pathway). More importantly, an antibiotic treatment experiment demonstrated that the beneficial effects of LC in reducing obesity risk largely depended on the gut microbiota, especially SCFA-producing bacteria (e.g., Blautia). Therefore, LC supplementation improved gut microbiota dysbiosis via enhancing SCFA-producing bacteria (e.g., Blautia), maintained gut barrier integrity, and alleviated the development of obesity. Overall, LC would provide a potential dietary intervention strategy against obesity and enteral homeostasis dysbiosis through modulating the gut microbiota.-Zhang, L., Shi, M., Ji, J., Hu, X., Chen, F. Gut microbiota determines the prevention effects of Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem supplementation against obesity and associated metabolic disorders induced by high-fat diet.

6.
Nutrients ; 11(6)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159173

RESUMO

Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) is an important pulse consumed all over the world, especially in Asian countries, and has a long history of usage as traditional medicine. It has been known to be an excellent source of protein, dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, and significant amounts of bioactive compounds, including polyphenols, polysaccharides, and peptides, therefore, becoming a popular functional food in promoting good health. The mung bean has been documented to ameliorate hyperglycemia, hyperlipemia, and hypertension, and prevent cancer and melanogenesis, as well as possess hepatoprotective and immunomodulatory activities. These health benefits derive primarily from the concentration and properties of those active compounds present in the mung bean. Vitexin and isovitexin are identified as the major polyphenols, and peptides containing hydrophobic amino acid residues with small molecular weight show higher bioactivity in the mung bean. Considering the recent surge in interest in the use of grain legumes, we hope this review will provide a blueprint to better utilize the mung bean in food products to improve human nutrition and further encourage advancement in this field.

7.
Food Chem ; 289: 250-258, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955609

RESUMO

Preparation of selenium-enriched probiotics and Se-enrichment of probiotic-fermented blended juices were performed and optimized using orthogonal test. Se content had a significant 13.0-fold increase by the addition of 1% Se-enriched Streptococcus thermophilus starters in juice fermentation. Chemical properties of fermented blended juices were determined. Reducing sugar content decreased significantly after fermentation, and the same downtrend was observed for free amino acids and organic acids, with lactic acid being an exception. Meanwhile, dynamic variation analysis of flavor components during the fermentation, and characteristic aroma-active compounds before and after fermentation were demonstrated by GC-MS and GC-O. Eleven aroma-active substances were identified from juices without fermentation, while 7 characteristic compounds were detected in fermented juices. Furthermore, potential correlations between chemical and flavor characteristics were explored based on multivariate statistical analysis. These results indicate that a potential Se-enriched fermented beverage was established, and the fermentation process led to differences in the chemical substrates and impact odorants.


Assuntos
Aromatizantes/análise , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Selênio/química , Streptococcus thermophilus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aminoácidos/análise , Reatores Biológicos , Citrus sinensis/química , Citrus sinensis/metabolismo , Daucus carota/química , Daucus carota/metabolismo , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Malus/química , Malus/metabolismo , Odorantes/análise , Análise de Componente Principal , Ziziphus/química , Ziziphus/metabolismo
8.
Food Microbiol ; 82: 36-45, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027794

RESUMO

Spores of wild-type Bacillus subtilis and some isogenic mutant strains were treated by high pressure CO2 (HPCD) at high temperature (HT) (HPCD + HT) at 20 MPa and 84-86 °C for 0-60 min, and centrifuged on a high density solution to obtain pelleted spores that retained CaDPA and light spores that lost CaDPA. All treated spores were analyzed for viability, and tested for germination, outgrowth, core protein damage, mutagenesis and inner membrane (IM) properties. The results showed that (i) with HPCD + HT treated spores, most pelleted spores and all light spores were dead; ii) a significant amount of dead HPCD + HT-treated spores that retained CaDPA germinated, but outgrowth was blocked; (iii) minimal mutants were generated in survivors of HPCD + HT treatment; (iv) the GFP fluorescence decrease in HPCD + HT-treated spores with high GFP levels was slower than spore inactivation; (v) the IM of HPCD + HT-treated spores that retained CaDPA lost its ability to retain CaDPA at 85 °C, and almost all of these spores' outgrowth in high salt was blocked; and (vi) HPCD + HT-treated spores that retained CaDPA germinated with l-valine or AGFK were almost all stained with propidium iodide. These results indicated that HPCD + HT inactivated B. subtilis spores by damaging spores' IM, thus blocking spore outgrowth after germination.


Assuntos
Pressão Atmosférica , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Dióxido de Carbono/farmacologia , Temperatura Alta , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Esporos Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacillus subtilis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Esporos Bacterianos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
9.
Eur J Nutr ; 2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30859364

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recent evidence has demonstrated that the gut microbiota plays a critical role in the treatment of obesity and other metabolic dysfunctions. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), one of the most commonly used spices and dietary supplements, has been shown to exert beneficial effects against obesity and related disorders. However, to date, the mechanisms linking these effects to the gut microbiota remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the relationship between the gut microbiota and the metabolic adaptations resulting from ginger supplementation in mice. METHODS: Four groups of mice were fed a normal chow diet (NCD) or a high-fat diet (HFD) with or without ginger supplementation for 16 weeks. Lipid profiles, proinflammatory cytokines, glucose tolerance, microbiota composition and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations were analyzed at the end of the experiment. In addition, microbiota-depleted mice were transplanted with the fecal microbiota of mice fed a HFD or mice fed a HFD along with ginger supplementation. Glucose tolerance and microbiota composition were assessed after a 8-week fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). RESULTS: We observed marked decreases in body weight, liver steatosis, and low-grade inflammation as well as amelioration of insulin resistance in the HFD-fed mice treated with ginger. Furthermore, ginger supplementation modulated the gut microbiota composition and increased species belonging to the Bifidobacterium genus and SCFA-producing bacteria (Alloprevotella and Allobaculum), along with increases in fecal SCFA concentrations. The FMT experiment showed anti-obesity and microbiota-modulating effects similar to those observed in the oral ginger-feeding experiment. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that modulation of the gut microbiota as a result of ginger supplementation has a therapeutic effect on obesity in mice.

10.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 94: 66-72, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716346

RESUMO

Broad-Complex Z2 (Br-C Z2) is an ecdysone inducible transcription factor that regulates physiological, innate immune and developmental events in insects. Here, we identified an orthologue of Br-C Z2 from silkworm, Bombyx mori (BmBr-C Z2) to study its involvement in immune responses. The quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that BmBr-C Z2 was expressed ubiquitously in all tested tissues under normal physiological conditions. Further, developmental profile displayed that BmBr-C Z2 expression was detectable in different developmental stages, however the gene's expression was highest in the molting and pre-pupal stages. Administration of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) enhanced the expression levels of BmBr-C Z2 in hemocytes. The challenge with pathogens and pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) also upregulated the mRNA levels of BmBr-C Z2 in hemocytes when compared with the control. By contrast, the ectopic expression of BmBr-C Z2 remarkably increased the production of antimicrobial peptides, while the knock-down of this gene by double stranded RNA decreased their production. Dual-luciferase assay exhibited that BmBr-C Z2 induced the expression of lysozyme by directly binding to its promoter region. The treatment of Escherichia coli following the knock-down of BmBr-C Z2 strongly reduced the survival rate of silkworm larvae. These results suggest that BmBr-C Z2 plays an important biological role in the innate immune responses of silkworm by regulating immune-related genes.


Assuntos
Bombyx/fisiologia , Ecdisterona/metabolismo , Infecções por Escherichia coli/imunologia , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/genética , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Imunidade Inata , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Metamorfose Biológica , Muramidase/genética , Muramidase/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional
11.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenol with putative anti-obesity effects; however, its mechanisms of action remain unclear due to its low bioavailability. Microbial functions in the physiology result from the microbiota-host coevolution has profoundly affected host metabolism. Here, we sought to determine how beneficial microbiome caused by RSV interventions affects antiobesity. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were fed either standard diet (SD) or RSV (300 mg/kg/day) diet for 16 weeks. The composition of the gut microbiota was assessed by analyzing 16S rRNA gene sequences. Then, transplant the RSV-microbiota to high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice (HFD-RSVT) to explore the function of microbiota. Body weight and food intake were monitored. Markers of lipid metabolism, inflammation, gut microbiota compostion, and intestinal barrier were determined. RESULTS: Mice treated with RSV shows a remarkable alteration in microbiota composition compared with that of SD-fed mice and is characterized by an enrichment of Bacteroides, Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Blautia, Lachnoclostridium, Parabacteroides, and Ruminiclostridium_9, collectively referred to as RSV-microbiota. We further explored whether RSV-microbiota has anti-obesity functions. Transplantation of the RSV-microbiota to high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice (HFD-RSVT) was sufficient to decrease their weight gain and increase their insulin sensitivity. Moreover, RSV-microbiota was able to modulate lipid metabolism, stimulate the development of beige adipocytes in WAT, reduce inflammation and improve intestinal barrier function. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that RSV-induced microbiota plays a key role in controlling obesity development and brings new insights to a potential therapy based on host-microbe interactions.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(2): 120, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741922

RESUMO

PD901, a MEK inhibitor, has been demonstrated of therapeutic efficacy against cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) harboring K-Ras oncogenic mutations. However, most CCA exhibit no K-Ras mutations. In the current study, we investigated the therapeutic potential of PD901, either alone or in combination with the pan-mTOR inhibitor MLN0128, for the treatment of K-Ras wild-type CCA in vitro using human CCA cell lines, and in vivo using AKT/YapS127A CCA mouse model. We discovered that in vitro, PD901 treatment strongly inhibited CCA cell proliferation, and combined PD901 and MLN0128 therapy further increased growth inhibition. In vivo, treatment of PD901 alone triggered tumor regression, which was not further increased when the two drugs were administered simultaneously. Mechanistically, PD901 efficiently hampered ERK activation in vitro and in vivo, leading to strong inhibition of CCA tumor cell cycle progression. Intriguingly, we discovered that PD901, but not MLN0128 treatment resulted in changes affecting the vasculature and cancer-associated fibroblasts in AKT/YapS127A mouse lesions. It led to the decreased hypoxia within tumor lesions, which may further enhance the anti-cell proliferation activities of PD901. Altogether, our study demonstrates that MEK inhibitors could be effective for the treatment of K-Ras wild-type CCA via inhibiting cell proliferation and modulating tumor microenvironment.

13.
Food Sci Technol Int ; 25(4): 337-346, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30674204

RESUMO

Evidence on mechanism of instantaneous pressure softening of asparagus lettuce under high pressure processing was explored with respect to pectin methylesterase activity, degree of methylation of pectin, degree of methylation patterns of pectin fractions, and pectin distribution in cell wall matrix. Instantaneous pressure softening was observed at 300 MPa, while texture recovery was obtained at 500 MPa. Pectin methylesterase activity was not significantly affected at 100 and 300 MPa, but dramatically activated at 500 MPa (p < 0.05). Correspondingly, the degree of methylation of pectin decreased as pressure rose. Results of in situ immuno-dot blotting and immunolabeling based on specific bindings of antipectin antibodies showed a significant reduction of chelator-soluble pectin at 300 MPa, in contrast to a remarkable increase at 500 MPa. High pressure processing-induced demethoxylation was further verified by the enhanced fluorescence intensity of LM19 (an antihomogalacturonan antibody specifically binds to nonmethoxylated pectin) immunolabeled pectin, which was mainly located in tricellular junctions at 300 MPa, but covered the full cell surface at 500 MPa. In conclusion, instantaneous pressure softening of asparagus lettuce is strongly associated with loss of chelator-soluble pectin at 300 MPa.

14.
Life Sci ; 219: 129-135, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639391

RESUMO

AIMS: Aberrantly expressed miRNAs are demonstrated to be involved in the development of congenital heart disease (CHD). miR-9 was proposed to be upregulated in cardiac tissues from CHD cases. However, the role of miR-9 in hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes and the potential mechanism are far from being addressed. MAIN METHODS: qRT-PCR and western blot analysis were performed to detect miR-9 and Yes-associated protein 1 (Yap1) expressions in hypoxic H9c2 cells. CCK-8, flow cytometry analysis, caspase-3/7 activity assay were applied to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis, and caspase-3/7 activity, respectively. The interaction between miR-9 and Yap1 was explored by luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR and western blot. KEY FINDINGS: miR-9 was upregulated and Yap1 was downregulated in H9c2 cells in response to hypoxia in a time-dependent manner. Knockdown of miR-9 promoted cell proliferation, and inhibited apoptosis and caspase-3/7 activity in hypoxic H9c2 cells, while miR-9 overexpression exerted the opposite effects on hypoxic H9c2 cells. In addition, Yap1 was a direct target of miR-9 in H9c2 cells. Yap1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis in hypoxia-exposed H9c2 cells. Yap1 knockdown attenuated the effect of anti-miR-9 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in hypoxia-exposed H9c2 cells. SIGNIFICANCE: miR-9 knockdown inhibited hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis by targeting Yap1. Our study provided a novel insight into the mechanism of the adaptation of cardiomyocytes to chronic hypoxia.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/fisiologia , Apoptose , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-yes/fisiologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 7/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Citometria de Fluxo , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ratos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
15.
Oncol Rep ; 40(6): 3313-3322, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30542699

RESUMO

It is generally known that glioblastoma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor and that it is highly aggressive and deadly. Although surgical and pharmacological therapies have made long­term progress, glioblastoma remains extremely lethal and has an uncommonly low survival rate. Therefore, further elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of glioblastoma initiation and its pathological processes are urgent. Arsenic resistance protein 2 (Ars2) is a highly conserved gene, and it has been found to play an important role in microRNA biosynthesis and cell proliferation in recent years. Furthermore, absence of Ars2 results in developmental death in Drosophila, zebrafish and mice. However, there are few studies on the role of Ars2 in regulating tumor development, and the mechanism of its action is mostly unknown. In the present study, we revealed that Ars2 is involved in glioblastoma proliferation and we identified a potential mechanistic role for it in cell cycle control. Our data demonstrated that Ars2 knockdown significantly repressed the proliferation and tumorigenesis abilities of glioblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Further investigation clarified that Ars2 deficiency inhibited the activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway, leading to cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase, resulting in suppression of cell proliferation. These findings support the conclusion that Ars2 is a key regulator of glioblastoma progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/dietoterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/farmacologia , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinonas/farmacologia , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
Oncol Rep ; 2018 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30431125

RESUMO

Trophoblast cell surface antigen 2 (TROP2), a single transmembrane domain protein, is often found to be highly expressed in various types of human cancers. However, the biological function and molecular mechanism of TROP2 in glioblastoma have not been fully elucidated, particularly in regards to cell proliferation and metastasis of glioblastoma cells. In the present study, it was demonstrated that TROP2 expression was increased in glioblastoma tissues and glioblastoma cell lines by immunohistochemical analysis and western blot analysis. High TROP2 expression was significantly correlated with the poor survival of glioblastoma patients. MTT assay, BrdU incorporation assay, flow cytometry and Transwell assay were performed to demonstrate that knockdown of TROP2 in glioblastoma cells inhibited cell proliferation and metastasis. We found that the effects of TROP2­knockdown on glioblastoma cells were associated with the inhibition of JAK2 and STAT3 phosphorylation and decreased transcription of STAT3 target genes. In addition, blocking the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling by WP1066 negated the effects of TROP2 overexpression. Furthermore, exogenous IL­6, which functions as a potent activator of JAK2/STAT3 signaling, was able to rescue the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3 in TROP2­silenced glioblastoma cells and regulate phenotypic changes in these cells. Therefore, we revealed a novel mechanism by which TROP2 activates the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to promote the growth and metastasis of glioblastoma cells. These data offer insight into the function of TROP2 in glioblastoma and indicate that TROP2 is a promising biomarker and therapeutic target for glioblastoma patients.

17.
J Nephrol ; 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the correlation of serum fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) level with clinical indexes, in particular to explore the value of FGF-23 in predicting major adverse cardiac and cerebral event (MACCE) risk in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: In 270 ESRD patients undergoing CAPD consecutively enrolled in this prospective cohort study, we collected serum samples and performed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect FGF-23 expression. MACCE-free survival was defined as the date from enrollment to the date of MACCE occurrence. RESULTS: High levels of FGF-23 correlated with longer duration of dialysis (p = 0.002), elevated levels of calcium (p < 0.001), phosphorus (p = 0.037) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.027). MACCE occurrence rate was higher in the FGF-23 high-expression than low-expression group at 2 years (p = 0.028), 3 years (p = 0.001) and 4 years (p = 0.004). Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that MACCE-free survival was shorter in the FGF-23 high-expression than low-expression group (p = 0.004). Multivariate Cox's analysis showed that high FGF-23 expression (p = 0.011) as well as the duration of dialysis (p = 0.017), C-reactive protein (p = 0.011) and fasting blood glucose (p = 0.038) were independent predictive factors for reduced MACCE-free survival in ESRD patients undergoing CAPD. CONCLUSION: High FGF-23 expression correlates with advanced disease conditions as well as increased MACCE risk, and is an independent factor predicting worse MACCE-free survival in ESRD patients undergoing CAPD.

18.
Nutrients ; 10(10)2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30326632

RESUMO

Foxtail millet has relatively low starch digestibility and moderate glycemic index compared to other grains. Since there are still no clinical researches regarding its long-term effect on blood glucose, this self-controlled study was conducted to investigate the glucose-lowering effect of foxtail millet in free-living subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Fifty g/day of foxtail millet was provided to enrolled subjects throughout 12 weeks and the related clinical parameters were investigated at week 0, 6 and 12, respectively. After 12 weeks of foxtail millet intervention, the mean fasting blood glucose of the subjects decreased from 5.7 ± 0.9 mmol/L to 5.3 ± 0.7 mmol/L (p < 0.001) and the mean 2 h-glucose decreased from 10.2 ± 2.6 mmol/L to 9.4 ± 2.3 mmol/L (p = 0.003). The intake of foxtail millet caused a significant increase of serum leptin (p = 0.012), decrease of insulin resistance (p = 0.007), and marginal reduction of inflammation. Furthermore, a sex-dependent difference in glucose-lowering effect of foxtail millet was observed in this study. Foxtail millet could improve the glycemic control in free-living subjects with IGT, suggesting that increasing the consumption of foxtail millet might be beneficial to individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus.

19.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30298227

RESUMO

This retrospective, single-center study evaluated short-term and mid-term results of minimally invasive surgery to occlude ventricular septal defects (VSDs) using a subaxillary approach. The procedure was performed on 429 children (224 boys, 205 girls; age 2.4 ± 2.5 years; mean weight 12.7 ± 10.1 kg) between January 2014 and December 2016 at the Children's Heart Center of Henan Province People's Hospital. An approximately 2-cm subaxillary incision was made between the third and fifth ribs, and the appropriate right atrium or ventricle was punctured under the guidance of transencephalographic echocardiography (TEE). The VSD was then occluded under TEE guidance. The mean size of the VSDs was 4.2 ± 1.0 mm, and the occluder measured 5.3 ± 1.3 mm. Asymmetrical occluders were used in 44 patients and symmetrical occluders in 385 patients. The operative time was 60.7 ± 21.3 min, and time in the intensive care unit was 20.9 ± 6.5 h. Blood loss was 12.4 ± 14.4 ml. There were no deaths among these patients. Occluder displacement occurred in two cases. There were no complications (e.g., third-degree atrioventricular block, new aortic regurgitation, reoperation for massive bleeding, serious infection). All patients were followed for 6-48 months, during which time there were ten cases of a postoperative residual shunt, which self-closed in eight during follow-up. The other two cases are still being followed. No complications occurred during follow-up (e.g., reoperation, aortic regurgitation, atrioventricular block, occluder abscission). Occluding VSDs using the subaxillary approach is safe and effective. Short-term and mid-term results are satisfactory. Further follow-up is required regarding long-term results.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 120(Pt A): 665-672, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170053

RESUMO

The efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis is reduced by the naturally recalcitrant complex polymers comprising lignocellulose. Increasing enzymatic conversion, which the complex macromolecules converted into simpler molecules, is still had to be overcome. High hydrostatic pressure (HHP), an emerging technology, is expected to ameliorate the situation. The effects of enzymatic hydrolysis after HHP pretreatment on pumpkin lignocellulose were studied and compared with hydrothermal and alkaline pretreatment. Further investigation was performed to evaluate the effect of enzymatic hydrolysis of pumpkin combined with HHP treatment. The samples underwent HHP treatment simultaneously exhibited overall better performance in enzymatic hydrolysis than the untreated. The highest glucose yield of 91.2% and xylose yield of 84.2% was achieved when 400 MPa HHP with high enzyme loading was applied. HHP exerted positive effects on enzyme-substrate interactions during the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose, which implied that HHP technology combined with enzymatic hydrolysis could be used to pretreat pumpkin pomace.

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