Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 150
Filtrar
1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2174: 89-118, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813246

RESUMO

With the advances in sequencing technology and transcriptome analysis, it is estimated that up to 75% of the human genome is transcribed into RNAs. This finding prompted intensive investigations on the biological functions of noncoding RNAs and led to very exciting discoveries of microRNAs as important players in disease pathogenesis and therapeutic applications. Research on long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is in its infancy, yet a broad spectrum of biological regulations has been attributed to lncRNAs. Here, we provide a collection of detailed experimental protocols for lncRNA studies, including lncRNA immunoprecipitation, lncRNA pull-down, lncRNA northern blot analysis, lncRNA in situ hybridization, and lncRNA knockdown. We hope that the information included in this chapter can speed up research on lncRNAs biology and eventually lead to the development of clinical applications with lncRNA as novel prognostic markers and therapeutic targets.

2.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(10)2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007956

RESUMO

Nanoindentation on a platinum thin film with surface defects in a rectangular shape and triangular shape was simulated using the quasicontinuum method to study the shape effect of surface defects on nanohardness. The results show that the nanohardness of thin film with triangular defects is basically larger than those with rectangular defects, which is closely related to the height of the surface defects at the boundary near to the indenter. Moreover, the triangular defect might have an enhancement effect on nanohardness by a certain size of the defects and the boundary orientation of the defect, where such an enhancement effect increases as the defect grows. Furthermore, the nanohardness decreases when the defect is folded from wide to narrow in the same atom cavity, and particularly expresses a more obvious drop when the height of the defects increases. In addition, larger sizes of the rectangular defect induce more reduction in nanohardness, while the nanohardness of the triangular surface defect is sensitive to the periodic arrangement of atoms changed by the boundary orientation of the defect, which is well explained and demonstrated by the calculation formula theory of necessary load for dislocation emission.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111438, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039873

RESUMO

Roles of environmental factors in transmission of COVID-19 have been highlighted. In this study, we sampled the high-touch environmental surfaces in the quarantine room, aiming to detect the distribution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on the environmental surfaces during the incubation period of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Fifteen sites were sampled from the quarantine room, distributing in the functional areas such as bedroom, bathroom and living room. All environmental surface samples were collected with sterile polyester-tipped applicator pre-moistened in viral transport medium and tested for SARS-CoV-2. Overall, 34.1% of samples were detected positively for SARS-CoV-2. The positive rates of Patient A, B and C, were 46.2%, 0% and 61.5%, respectively. SARS-CoV-2 was detected positively in bedroom and bathroom, with the positive rate of 50.0% and 46.7%, respectively. In contrast, living room had no positive sample detected. Environmental contamination of SARS-CoV-2 distributes widely during the incubation period of COVID-19, and the positive rates of SARS-CoV-2 on environmental surfaces are relatively high in bathroom and bedroom.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090006

RESUMO

Background: Increasing evidence enhanced the recognition of circular RNAs (circRNAs) implicated in cancer progression. CircRNA_0085616 (circ_0085616) is a novel circRNA with high expression in cervical cancer (CC); its function and action mechanism are explored during this study. Methods: The measurement of circ_0085616, microRNA-503-5p (miR-503-5p), and Ataxin-7L3 (ATXN7L3) was performed via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Next, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony formation assays were implemented to analyze the proliferative ability. Cell metastasis was evaluated by using transwell migration and invasion assays. Glycolysis was analyzed by using glucose consumption, lactate and adenosine triphosphate production. Western blot was employed for protein analysis. The target binding was performed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay. An animal experiment in vivo was conducted by xenografts. Results: Circ_0085616 was heightened and its downregulation blocked cellular proliferation, metastasis, and glycolysis in CC. Then, we found that circ_0085616 had a sponge effect on miR-503-5p and the miR-503-5p inhibitor could ameliorate the effects of circ_0085616 knockdown on CC cells. In addition, miR-503-5p directly targeted ATXN7L3 to obstruct CC cell proliferation, metastasis, and glycolytic process. Further, circ_0085616 could enhance ATXN7L3 by sequestering miR-503-5p, and the miR-503-5p/ATXN7L3 axis was also responsible for circ_0085616 on promoting CC tumorigenesis in vivo. Conclusion: It was obvious that circ_0085616 facilitated the carcinogenic effect on CC via the activation of ATXN7L3 by sponging miR-503-5p. Our study may be likely to provide a novel molecular target for CC therapy.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 165(Pt A): 948-957, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991893

RESUMO

This work synthesized chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) by ionic gelation method using sodium tripolyphosphate pentabasic (STPP) and applied as nano-coating agent to extend the shelf life of fresh cut bell pepper (FCP) by preventing the microbial contaminations. The CSNPs were spherical shaped and 22.55 ± 1.69 d.nm sized with ζ-potential of 45.10 ± 1.42 mV confirmed by UHR-SEM, FE-TEM, and ζ-potential size analyses. The crystallinity and functional group changes were determined by XRD and FT-IR analyses respectivelly. The antioxidant activity of CSNPs was determined in terms of DPPH and ABTS scavenging activities. The 1% and 3% of CSNPs were found to be minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) respectively against all tested bacteria. The MBC of CSNPs was exhibited the promising anti-biofilm activity. Therefore, the 3% of CSNPs was used to prepare the chitosan nano-coating (CSNC), and applied on surface of FCP to prevent the microbial contaminations such as fungi, bacteria including Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica. The experimental results showed that the application of CSNC was maintained the FCP for 12 days at 5 °C without loss of weight, and sensory quality.

7.
Int J Hosp Manag ; : 102662, 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32904503

RESUMO

The COVID-19 health crisis has engendered a set of additional health and safety regulations and procedures (e.g. social distancing) to the hospitality industry. The purpose of this paper is to explore in-depth how organizations can facilitate employees' deep compliance with these procedures. Employing an instrumental case-study approach, we collected multi-level interview data and archival data in a small-medium sized restaurant in China. The findings reveal that employees' deep compliance with safety procedures includes a four-stage psychological process, and this process is underpinned by both management safety practices and organizational crisis strategies. As the hospitality industry starts to exit lockdown and ramp up operations, this study offers theoretical and practical insights on how organizations in hospitality can protect the health and safety of their employees and the broader community.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(16): 2001285, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32832371

RESUMO

Simultaneously achieving high efficiency and high durability in perovskite solar cells is a critical step toward the commercialization of this technology. Inverted perovskite photovoltaic (IP-PV) cells incorporating robust and low levelized-cost-of-energy (LCOE) buffer layers are supposed to be a promising solution to this target. However, insufficient inventory of materials for back-electrode buffers substantially limits the development of IP-PV. Herein, a composite consisting of 1D cation-doped TiO2 brookite nanorod (NR) embedded by 0D fullerene is investigated as a top modification buffer for IP-PV. The cathode buffer is constructed by introducing fullerene to fill the interstitial space of the TiO2 NR matrix. Meanwhile, cations of transition metal Co or Fe are doped into the TiO2 NR to further tune the electronic property. Such a top buffer exhibits multifold advantages, including improved film uniformity, enhanced electron extraction and transfer ability, better energy level matching with perovskite, and stronger moisture resistance. Correspondingly, the resultant IP-PV displays an efficiency exceeding 22% with a 22-fold prolonged working lifetime. The strategy not only provides an essential addition to the material inventory for top electron buffers by introducing the 0D:1D composite concept, but also opens a new avenue to optimize perovskite PVs with desirable properties.

9.
Cell Rep ; 32(2): 107884, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668240

RESUMO

Recurrent copy-number alterations, mutations, and transcript fusions of the genes encoding CDKs/cyclins are characterized in >10,000 tumors. Genomic alterations of CDKs/cyclins are dominantly driven by copy number aberrations. In contrast to cell-cycle-related CDKs/cyclins, which are globally amplified, transcriptional CDKs/cyclins recurrently lose copy numbers across cancers. Although mutations and transcript fusions are relatively rare events, CDK12 exhibits recurrent mutations in multiple cancers. Among the transcriptional CDKs, CDK7 and CDK12 show the most significant copy number loss and mutation, respectively. Their genomic alterations are correlated with increased sensitivities to DNA-damaging drugs. Inhibition of CDK7 preferentially represses the expression of genes in the DNA-damage-repair pathways and impairs the activity of homologous recombination. Low-dose CDK7 inhibitor treatment sensitizes cancer cells to PARP inhibitor-induced DNA damage and cell death. Our analysis provides genomic information for identification and prioritization of drug targets for CDKs and reveals rationales for treatment strategies.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 742: 140620, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640392

RESUMO

We collected environmental surface samples prior to and after disinfection of a quarantine room to evaluate the stability of SARS-CoV-2 during the incubation period of an imported case traveling to Qingdao, China. Overall, 11 of 23 (47.8%) of the first batch of environmental surface samples (within 4 h after case confirmation) were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Whereas only 2 of 23 (8.7%) of the second batch of environmental samples (after first disinfection) were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. The majority of samples from the bedroom (70%) were positive for SARS-CoV-2, followed by 50% of samples from the bathroom and that of 33% from the corridor. The inner walls of toilet bowl and sewer inlet were the most contaminated sites with the highest viral loads. SARS-CoV-2 was widely distributed on object surfaces in a quarantine room of a later diagnosed COVID-19 case during the incubation period. Proper disinfection is crucial to minimize community transmission of this highly contagious virus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hospitais de Isolamento , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , China , Meio Ambiente , Humanos
11.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616897

RESUMO

Polycyclic xanthones are secondary metabolites from actinomycetes and cervinomycin A and B are bioactive 26-membered polycyclic xanthones from Streptomyces sp. CPCC 204980. Herein, we report cervinomycins C1-4 (1-4) from the same strain. The structures of 1-4 were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR, or single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1-4 feature the open or loss of A (oxazolidine) ring in their angular polycyclic framework compared with cervinomycin B. Compounds 1-4 showed potent cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines HCT116 and BxPC-3, with IC50 at 0.9-801.0 nM and strong anti-Gram-positive bacterial activity.

12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 245: 116407, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718591

RESUMO

The present work was developed the pH dependent-aptamer AS1411 (APT) decorated and erlotinib (En) loaded chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) for promising non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) treatment. The characterization studies revealed that formulated APT-En-CSNPs were spherical in shape with size of 165.95 d. nm and PDI of 0.212. FTIR spectrum recorded molecular chemical interactions with composition of En or En-CSNPs. Cell viability assay, flow cytometry and fluorescent microscopy results revealed that APT-En-CSNPs triggered cancer cell death through pH-sensitive and nucleolin receptor-targeted release of En. The decoration of the APT improved the cellular uptake of En as evidenced by cellular sensing fluorescence and BioTEM assay. The APT-En-CSNPs induced the apoptosis through excessive ROS generation, nucleus damage and Δψm loss in the A549 cells. Hence, the present study revealed that the APT-En-CSNPs improved the therapeutic efficiency of En in NSCLC through the nucleolin targeted drug release.

13.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of CT texture analysis (CTTA) for determining coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity. METHODS: The clinical and CT data of 81 patients with COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed. The texture features were extracted using LK2.1. The two-sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to find the significant features. Minimum redundancy and maximum relevance (MRMR) method was performed to find the features with maximum correlation and minimum redundancy. These features were then used to construct a radiomics texture model to discriminate the severe patients using multivariate logistic regression method. Besides, a clinical model was also built. ROC analyses were conducted to evaluate the performance of two models. The correlations of clinical features and textural features were analyzed using the Spearman correlation analysis. RESULTS: Of the total cases included, 60 were common and 21 were severe. (1) For textural features, 20 radiomics features selected by MRMR showed good performance in discriminating the two groups (AUC > 70%). (2) For clinical features, chi-square tests or Mann-Whitney U tests identified 16 clinical features as significant, and 12 were discriminative (p < 0.05) between two groups analyzed by univariate logistic analysis. Of these, 10 had an AUC > 70%. (3) Prediction models for textural features and clinical features were established, and both showed high predictive accuracy. The AUC values of textural features and clinical features were 0.93 (0.86-1.00) and 0.95 (0.95-0.99), respectively. (4) The Spearman correlation analysis showed that most textural and clinical features had above-moderate correlations with disease severity (> 0.4). CONCLUSION: Texture analysis can provide reliable and objective information for differential diagnosis of COVID-19. KEY POINTS: • CT texture analysis can well differentiate common and severe COVID-19 patients. • Some textural features showed above-moderate correlations with clinical factors. • CT texture analysis can provide useful information to judge the severity of COVID-19.

14.
Antioxid Redox Signal ; 33(10): 679-688, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578452

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a chronic, disabling, and complex mental illness, of which the pathogenesis remains elusive. To provide clues for the pathogenesis and etiology of schizophrenia, we performed serum metabolic profiling in 54 patients with schizophrenia and 54 matched healthy controls using Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry. Based on 94 differential metabolites identified, we discovered two dysregulated metabolic pathways in schizophrenia, including the upregulated arachidonic acid-related pathway and the downregulated aromatic amino acid-related pathway. Moreover, carnitine was identified as a promising diagnostic biomarker for schizophrenia with an area under the curve of 0.997. Given the antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties of these altered metabolites, these results pointed to an imbalance of the redox homeostasis in schizophrenia, which was further confirmed by a remarkable elevation of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a reactive oxidative stress marker. Furthermore, correlation analyses demonstrated that 8-OHdG was negatively correlated with antioxidant biliverdin and positively related to oxidation products, 9-hydroxylinoleic acid and o-tyrosine, and that total antioxidant capacity was positively associated with antioxidant acetylcarnitine in schizophrenia. Our results lead to the hypothesis that the disturbed metabolic characteristics reveal enhanced oxidative stress, which in turn results in the damage of lipids, proteins, and DNA and ultimately promotes the development of schizophrenia.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 728: 138812, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-102112

RESUMO

Factors associated with negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in hospitalized patients have not yet been systematically determined. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of COVID-19 patients in Qingdao, China. Both univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify independent factors for time to viral RNA negative conversion. Data on patients with re-detectable viral RNA after showing negative on RT-PCR test (intermittent negative status) were also analyzed. A total of 59 patients confirmed with COVID-19 were included in this study, with a median duration of 1 (interquartile range, IQR: 0-2) day from symptom onset to hospital admission. Median communicable period (from first day of positive nucleic acid test to first day of consecutive negative results) was 14 (IQR: 10-18) days, and 7 (IQR: 6-10) days for 10 patients with intermittent negative results. Age older than 45 years (hazard ratio, HR: 0.378; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.205-0.698) and chest tightness (HR: 0.290; 95%CI: 0.091-0.919) were factors independently affecting negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Headache (odds ratio: 7.553; 95%CI: 1.011-28.253) was significantly associated with intermittent negative status, with a predicted probability of 60%. Older age and chest tightness were independently associated with delayed clearance of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in hospitalized patients. These predictors would provide a new perspective on early identification of patients with prolonged viral shedding and facilitate optimal isolation protocols and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Eliminação de Partículas Virais
16.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-5, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-19314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As an emerging infectious disease, COVID-19 has involved many countries and regions. With the further development of the epidemic, the proportion of clusters has increased. METHODS: In our study, we collected information on COVID-19 clusters in Qingdao City. The epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations were analyzed. RESULTS: Eleven clusters of COVID-19 were reported in Qingdao City between January 29, and February 23, 2020, involving 44 confirmed cases, which accounted for 73.33% of all confirmed cases. From January 19 to February 2, 2020, the cases mainly concentrated in the district that had many designated hospitals. Patients aged 20-59 y old accounted for the largest proportion (68.18%) of cases; the male-to-female sex ratio was 0.52:1. Three cases were infected from exposure to confirmed cases. The average incubation period was 6.28 d. The median number of cases per cluster was 4, and the median duration time was 6 d. The median cumulative number of exposed persons was 53. CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to the epidemic of clusters in prevention and control of COVID-19. In addition to isolating patients, it is essential to track, screen, and isolate those who have come in close contact with patients. Self-isolation is the key especially for healthy people in the epidemic area.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 728: 138812, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335406

RESUMO

Factors associated with negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in hospitalized patients have not yet been systematically determined. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of COVID-19 patients in Qingdao, China. Both univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify independent factors for time to viral RNA negative conversion. Data on patients with re-detectable viral RNA after showing negative on RT-PCR test (intermittent negative status) were also analyzed. A total of 59 patients confirmed with COVID-19 were included in this study, with a median duration of 1 (interquartile range, IQR: 0-2) day from symptom onset to hospital admission. Median communicable period (from first day of positive nucleic acid test to first day of consecutive negative results) was 14 (IQR: 10-18) days, and 7 (IQR: 6-10) days for 10 patients with intermittent negative results. Age older than 45 years (hazard ratio, HR: 0.378; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.205-0.698) and chest tightness (HR: 0.290; 95%CI: 0.091-0.919) were factors independently affecting negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Headache (odds ratio: 7.553; 95%CI: 1.011-28.253) was significantly associated with intermittent negative status, with a predicted probability of 60%. Older age and chest tightness were independently associated with delayed clearance of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in hospitalized patients. These predictors would provide a new perspective on early identification of patients with prolonged viral shedding and facilitate optimal isolation protocols and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Eliminação de Partículas Virais
18.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-5, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As an emerging infectious disease, COVID-19 has involved many countries and regions. With the further development of the epidemic, the proportion of clusters has increased. METHODS: In our study, we collected information on COVID-19 clusters in Qingdao City. The epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations were analyzed. RESULTS: Eleven clusters of COVID-19 were reported in Qingdao City between January 29, and February 23, 2020, involving 44 confirmed cases, which accounted for 73.33% of all confirmed cases. From January 19 to February 2, 2020, the cases mainly concentrated in the district that had many designated hospitals. Patients aged 20-59 y old accounted for the largest proportion (68.18%) of cases; the male-to-female sex ratio was 0.52:1. Three cases were infected from exposure to confirmed cases. The average incubation period was 6.28 d. The median number of cases per cluster was 4, and the median duration time was 6 d. The median cumulative number of exposed persons was 53. CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to the epidemic of clusters in prevention and control of COVID-19. In addition to isolating patients, it is essential to track, screen, and isolate those who have come in close contact with patients. Self-isolation is the key especially for healthy people in the epidemic area.

19.
ACS Sens ; 5(4): 1002-1009, 2020 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181650

RESUMO

For the first time, a reproducible surface plasmon-enhanced optical sensor for the detection of gaseous formaldehyde was proposed, which was fabricated by depositing a mixture of CdSe@ZnS quantum dots (QDs), fumed silica (FS), and gold nanoparticles (GNs) on the surface of a silica sphere array to meet the urgent requirement of a rapid, sensitive, and highly convenient formaldehyde detection method. Because of the spectral overlap between QDs and GNs, plasmon-enhanced fluorescence was observed in the film of QDs/FS/GNs. When exposed to formaldehyde molecules, the enhanced fluorescence was quenched linearly with the increase of formaldehyde concentration in the range of 0.5-2.0 ppm. The reason is attributed to the nonradiative electron transfer from QDs to the carbonyl of formaldehyde molecules with the assistance of amino groups. Our results demonstrate that the designed sensors are capable of detecting ultralow concentration gaseous formaldehyde at room temperature with a fast response-recovery time and excellent selectivity, stability, and reproducibility. This work provides a simple and low-cost approach for optical formaldehyde sensor fabrication and shows promising applications in environmental detection.

20.
Nanotechnology ; 31(26): 265101, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143194

RESUMO

The clean and eco-friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has provided promising characteristics with impressive biomedical related potential. Here, we have employed a green process for the synthesis of AgNPs using kenaf seed (KS) extract as a bilateral mediator for reducing and capping of Ag+ ions under hydrothermal condition. The synthesis pathways, such as varying amounts of KS, Ag ion concentration and autoclaving time were optimized. The manifestation of a strong absorption peak from 420-430 nm in UV-vis spectroscopy indicated the successful synthesis of KS@AgNPs. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the presence of hydroxyl and carbonyl functionalities involved in the reduction and stabilization of Ag+ ions. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy revealed that the KS@AgNPs are spherical in shape having a size around 7-11 nm, whereas high-quality crystals were evidenced by x-ray diffraction analysis. Moreover, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry revealed that 19.6 µg l-1 of Ag+ ions were released from the KS@AgNPs. In cell line studies, KS@AgNPs at a higher dose were shown to be non-toxic to the healthy (NIH3T3) cells, while strong anti-proliferative response was found in the case of lung cancer (A549) cells. Furthermore, a significant zone of inhibition was observed for both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms, and a combination of KS@AgNPs with ampicillin revealed a notable synergistic anti-pathogenic effect. Overall, our study proved the potentiality of KS as an efficient bio-resource for the synthesis of AgNPs and also its original feature as an anti-cancer and antimicrobial agent.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA