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1.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35005885

RESUMO

The two major subtypes of human T cells, CD4+ and CD8+, play important roles in adaptive immune response by their diverse functions. To understand the structure-function relation at the single cell level, we isolated 2483 CD4+ and 2450 CD8+ T cells from fresh human splenocytes by immunofluorescent sorting and investigated their morphologic relations to the surface CD markers by acquisition and analysis of cross-polarized diffraction image (p-DI) pairs. A deep neural network of DINet-R has been built to extract 2560 features across multiple pixel scales of a p-DI pair per imaged cell. We have developed a novel algorithm to form a matrix of Pearson correlation coefficients by these features for selection of a support cell set with strong morphologic correlation in each subtype. The p-DI pairs of support cells exhibit significant pattern differences between the two subtypes defined by CD markers. To explore the relation between p-DI features and CD markers, we divided each subtype into two groups of A and B using the two support cell sets. The A groups comprise 90.2% of the imaged T cells and classification of them by DINet-R yields an accuracy of 97.3 ± 0.40% between the two subtypes. Analysis of depolarization ratios further reveals the significant differences in molecular polarizability between the two subtypes. These results prove the existence of a strong structure-function relation for the two major T cell subtypes and demonstrate the potential of diffraction imaging flow cytometry for accurate and label-free classification of T cell subtypes.

2.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(2): 536-551, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35002508

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and has been acknowledged as a leading cause of death among cirrhosis patients. Difficulties in early diagnosis and heterogeneity are obstacles to effective treatment, especially for advanced HCC. Liver transplantation (LT) is considered the best therapy for HCC. Although many biomarkers are being proposed, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), which was identified over 60 years ago, remains the most utilized. Recently, much hope has been placed in the immunogenicity of AFP to develop novel therapies, such as AFP vaccines and AFP-specific adoptive T-cell transfer (ACT). This review summarizes the performance of AFP as a biomarker for HCC diagnosis and prognosis, as well as its correlation with molecular classes. In addition, the role of AFP in LT is also described. Finally, we highlight the mechanism and application prospects of two immune therapies (AFP vaccine and ACT) for HCC. In general, our review points out the prevalence of AFP in HCC, accompanied by some controversies and novel directions for future research.

3.
mBio ; : e0323821, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012356

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has become a serious threat to global public health, underscoring the urgency of developing effective therapies. Therapeutics and, more specifically, direct-acting antiviral development are still very much in their infancy. Here, we report that two hepatitis C virus (HCV) fusion inhibitors identified in our previous study, dichlorcyclizine and fluoxazolevir, broadly block human coronavirus entry into various cell types. Both compounds were effective against various human-pathogenic CoVs in multiple assays based on vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) pseudotyped with the spike protein and spike-mediated syncytium formation. The antiviral effects were confirmed in SARS-CoV-2 infection systems. These compounds were equally effective against recently emerged variants, including the delta variant. Cross-linking experiments and structural modeling suggest that the compounds bind to a hydrophobic pocket near the fusion peptide of S protein, consistent with their potential mechanism of action as fusion inhibitors. In summary, these fusion inhibitors have broad-spectrum antiviral activities and may be promising leads for treatment of SARS-CoV-2, its variants, and other pathogenic CoVs. IMPORTANCE SARS-CoV-2 is an enveloped virus that requires membrane fusion for entry into host cells. Since the fusion process is relatively conserved among enveloped viruses, we tested our HCV fusion inhibitors, dichlorcyclizine and fluoxazolevir, against SARS-CoV-2. We performed in vitro assays and demonstrated their effective antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Cross-linking experiments and structural modeling suggest that the compounds bind to a hydrophobic pocket in spike protein to exert their inhibitory effect on the fusion step. These data suggest that both dichlorcyclizine and fluoxazolevir are promising candidates for further development as treatment for SARS-CoV-2.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 815: 152840, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995605

RESUMO

Plant root-leaf communication signals are critical for plant defense. Numerous studies show that belowground organisms can alter systemically resistance traits in aboveground parts against herbivores. However, there are limited studies on root-knot nematode-aphid interaction. Moreover, the impact of nematode's initial density and infection time on plant defense is poorly understood. Here we aim to examine the induced defense responses by root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita against aboveground feeding aphid Sitobion avenae in wheat. Further, we investigated the influence of the nematode infection density as well as the length of infection in these interactions. We tested the direct and indirect defense responses triggered by M. incognita against S. avenae as well as how the responses affect the preference of Harmonia axyridis. Plant volatiles and hormones were determined to explore plant defense mechanisms that mediate aboveground-belowground defense. The photosynthetic rate was tested to examine plant tolerance strategy. We found that, both low and high densities M. incognita root infection at 7 days post inoculation (dpi) reduced the feeding of the aphid S. avenae. Behavioral assay showed that H. axyridis preferred plants co-damaged by both M. incognita and S. avenae at 7 dpi. M. incognita infection induced the changes of jasmonic acid, salicylic acid and volatile content, which mediated plant response to S. avenae. Furthermore, photosynthetic rate in wheat increased at 5 dpi under 300 M. incognita or 1000 M. incognita infection. These results suggest that plant roots induced multiple defense strategies against foliar herbivores as damages increased. Our study provides evidence of a complex dynamic response of wheat aboveground defense against aphids in response to belowground nematode damage on a temporal scale.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 102: 108348, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34920958

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by uncontrollable inflammation. Cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and its metabolite prostaglandins are known to promote the inflammatory resolution of ARDS. Recently, a newly discovered endogenous lipid mediator, Protectin DX (PDX), was also shown to mediate the resolution of inflammation. However, the regulatory of PDX on the pro-resolving COX-2 in ARDS remains unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PDX (5 µg/kg) was injected into rats intravenously 12 h after the lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 3 mg/kg) challenge. Primary rat lung fibroblasts were incubated with LPS (1 µg/ml) and/or PDX (100 nM). Lung pathological changes examined using H&E staining. Protein levels of COX-2, PGDS and PGES were evaluated using western blot. Inflammatory cytokines were tested by qPCR, and the concentration of prostaglandins measured by using ELISA. RESULTS: Our study revealed that, COX-2 and L-PGDS has biphasic activation characteristics that LPS could induce induced by LPS both in vivo and in vitro.. The secondary peak of COX-2, L-PGDS-PGD2 promoted the inflammatory resolution in ARDS model with the DP1 receptor being activated and PDX up-regulated the inflammatory resolutionvia enhancing the secondary peak of COX-2/L-PGDS-PGD2 and activating the DP1 receptor. CONCLUSION: PDX promoted the resolution of inflammation of ARDS model via enhancing the expression of secondary peak of COX-2/L-PGDS-PGD2 and activating the DP1 receptor. PDX shows promising therapeutic potential in the clinical management of ARDS.

6.
Food Chem ; 369: 130881, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455328

RESUMO

Bread wheat is a staple food crop that is consumed worldwide. In this study, using widely targeted LC-MS/MS, we conducted a high-throughput metabolomic analysis and determined the contents and spatial distribution of metabolites in pearled fractions of the dried kernels of six representative bread wheat varieties cultivated in China. Our aim was to explore the cultivars and pearling fractions with a view toward developing functional food products. We accordingly identified notable differences in the nutrient and bioactive metabolomes, and established that the pearling fractions of each cultivar had distinct metabolic profiles. Flavonoids varied the most amongst the cultivars and were found in higher concentration in the outer layers of the grain, but only at low concentrations in the kernel. Data from this study add further evidence of benefits of whole grain wheat consumption but, specifically, medium-gluten and pigmented wheat offer other nutrient and bioactive benefits whole grain products.


Assuntos
Pão , Triticum , Pão/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Grão Comestível , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150288, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536868

RESUMO

Recovery of the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in wastewater would help to minimize eutrophication and their reuse would lead to a more sustainable society. Sewage sludge and fly ash were used to fabricate ceramsite in the laboratory. After modified with alkali or lanthanum it was shown in benchtop experiments to effectively recover N and P from real wastewater treatment plant effluent. The N&P-adsorbed ceramsite was then applied as an eco-friendly, slow-release fertilizer to promote the germination, growth and blooming of Impatiens commelinoides, realizing the recycling of N and P from wastewater. Emergy analysis shows that such recycling is more sustainable than the current two approaches (i.e., landfill and incineration) for sludge disposal. This work thus demonstrates a sustainable solution combining the reuse of solid waste, effective wastewater purification and recovery of N and P nutrients. Applying the technologies demonstrated would help to minimize the environmental impact of wastewater and solid waste.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Águas Residuárias , Adsorção , Misturas Complexas , Nitrogênio , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
8.
J Org Chem ; 87(1): 66-75, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905367

RESUMO

A four-component reaction strategy for access to acyclic nitrile-substituted all-carbon quaternary centers is disclosed. In the presence of a DABCO-based ionic liquid catalyst, the reactions proceed smoothly with a wide range of substrates efficiently to deliver nitrile-substituted all-carbon quaternary centers under mild reaction conditions. This protocol is further demonstrated as an efficient method for the construction of contiguous all-carbon quaternary centers. All the reactions are easily operated in a green manner, producing water as the only byproduct. Some of the products show excellent activity against specific fungi.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127271, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564044

RESUMO

Efficient catalysts for oxygen (O2) activation under room condition are required for effective wet air oxidation (WAO) technology. Here, we report a novel manganese-cobalt-based composite (MnO-CoO@Co) fabricated on a graphite felt (GF) support for catalyzing the electro-activation of O2 under room condition. Abundant Co-MnO and CoO-MnO heterointerfaces are formed in the composite. In comparison to the single-metal counterparts, i.e. CoO@Co/GF (16.99 wt% Co) and MnO/GF (26.83 wt% Mn), the bimetal MnO-CoO@Co/GF (5.29 wt% Co and 8.79 wt% Mn) displays an improved oxygen storage capacity and provides more active sites to accommodate surface adsorbed oxygen species. Notably, the strong synergy derived from bimetal heterointerfaces enhances the electron transfer and oxygen mobilization during the electro-activation of O2, thereby significantly reducing the reaction barrier. MnO-CoO@Co/GF exhibits excellent efficiency and stability in electrocatalytic WAO (ECWAO) towards the removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) over a wide pH range from 4.0 to 10.0. A model pollutant sulfamethoxazole (SMX) acquires mineralization efficiency of 78.4 ± 2.1% and mineralization current efficiency of 157.89% at +1.0 V of electrode potential. The toxicity of PPCPs can be totally eliminated after the ECWAO treatment. This work highlights the synergy derived from bimetal heterointerfaces in O2 electrocatalysis, and provides a promising approach for advanced WAO catalysts in PPCPs pollution control.


Assuntos
Grafite , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Eletrodos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxigênio
10.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(1): 276-278, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967524

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Epidermal or epidermoid cysts are 1 of the most frequent benign masses, they rarely grow to a huge size, and only a few cases have been reported. We report a rare case of a 52-year-old man with giant neoplasm growing invasively in the frontal region, including both intracranial and extracranial extensions, and caused extensive brain deformation and skull lesions. It is worth noting that the patient did not present any significant neurological symptoms and deficits for more than 40 years on admission. A combination of gross total tumor resection and cranioplasty was performed. The patient was satisfied with the results of the surgery, and no evidence of recurrence or complications were found in the 2 years follow-up. The authors reported the case not only to propose the first-stage aesthetic treatment option for this unusual mass on the scalp but also hinted at the vigilance and importance of systematic monitoring of the small skull mass for avoiding the potential risk of tumor progression, malignant transformation, operative trauma, and financial burden.


Assuntos
Cisto Epidérmico , Cisto Epidérmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Epidérmico/cirurgia , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Couro Cabeludo/cirurgia , Crânio/cirurgia
11.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211058990, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851760

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a herpesvirus of swine. PRV is also called suid herpesvirus 1 and is a member of the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily within the family Herpesviridae. The number of PRV cases worldwide is small, but in susceptible individuals, infection with this virus has a poor prognosis. Therefore, it is urgent to improve our understanding of this disease in clinical practice to avoid misdiagnosis and to identify optimal treatments. We report a patient with PRV infection who was admitted to hospital with viral encephalitis and subsequently developed intraocular infection. Because to the lack of relevant clinical experience in the treatment of this disease, we carried out experimental treatment with good therapeutic effect. This case provides a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment of patients with PRV.

12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 198: 113834, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852985

RESUMO

Large-scale multi-site biosensors are essential to probe the olfactory bulb (OB) circuitry for understanding the spatiotemporal dynamics of simultaneous discharge patterns. Current ex-vivo biosensing techniques are limited to recording a small set of neurons and cannot provide an adequate resolution, which hinders revealing the fast dynamic underlying the information coding mechanisms in the OB circuit. Here, we demonstrate a novel biohybrid OB-CMOS biosensing platform to decipher the cross-scale dynamics of the OB electrogenesis and quantify the distinct neuronal coding properties. The approach with 4096-microelectrodes offers a non-invasive, label-free, bioelectrical imaging to decode simultaneous firing patterns from thousands of connected neuronal ensembles in acute OB slices. The platform can measure spontaneous and drug-induced extracellular field potential activity with substantially improved spatiotemporal resolution over conventional OB-based biosensors. Also, we employ our OB-CMOS recordings to perform multidimensional analysis to instantiate specific neurophysiological metrics underlying the olfactory spatiotemporal coding that emerged from the OB interconnected layers. Our results delineate the computational implications of large-scale activity patterns in functional olfactory processing. The systematic interplay of the experimental CMOS-base platform architecture and the high-content characterization of the olfactory circuit with various computational analyses endow significant functional interrogations of the OB information processing, high-spatiotemporal connectivity mapping, and global circuit dynamics. Thus, our study can inspire the design of advanced biomimetic olfactory-based biosensors and neuromorphic approaches for diagnostic biomarkers and drug discovery applications.

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 7081, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873156

RESUMO

Histology plays an essential role in therapeutic decision-making for lung cancer patients. However, the molecular determinants of lung cancer histology are largely unknown. We conduct whole-exome sequencing and microarray profiling on 19 micro-dissected tumor regions of different histologic subtypes from 9 patients with lung cancers of mixed histology. A median of 68.9% of point mutations and 83% of copy number aberrations are shared between different histologic components within the same tumors. Furthermore, different histologic components within the tumors demonstrate similar subclonal architecture. On the other hand, transcriptomic profiling reveals shared pathways between the same histologic subtypes from different patients, which is supported by the analyses of the transcriptomic data from 141 cell lines and 343 lung cancers of different histologic subtypes. These data derived from mixed histologic subtypes in the setting of identical genetic background and exposure history support that the histologic fate of lung cancer cells is associated with transcriptomic features rather than the genomic profiles in most tumors.

14.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874368

RESUMO

A Yb(OTf)3 catalyzed [1,3]-rearrangement of 3-alkenyl oxindoles was achieved, affording a variety of multifunctional 3-ylideneoxindoles with good yields and Z/E selectivities (64%-89% yield, 78 : 22->99 : 1 Z/E). Importantly, an operationally simple, one-pot sequential catalytic synthesis of 3-ylideneoxindoles was also developed. Additionally, a cross [1,3]-rearrangement experiment and nonracemic transformation were also carried out, which indicated a concerted rearrangement mechanism of this methodology.

15.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(23)2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883578

RESUMO

This article proposes a method of increasing thermal conductivity (λ) by improving the λ value of a matrix and reducing the interfacial thermal resistance between such matrix and its thermally conductive fillers. D-GQDs (graphene quantum dots modified by polyetheramine D400) with a π-π-conjugated system in the center of their molecules, and polyether branched chains that are rich in amino groups at their edges, are designed and synthesized. AlN/DG-ER (AlN/D-GQDs-Epoxy resin) thermally conductive composites are obtained using AlN as a thermally conductive and insulating filler, using D-GQDs-modified epoxy resin as a matrix. All of the thermal conductivity, electrically insulating and physical-mechanical properties of AlN/DG-ER are investigated in detail. The results show that D-GQDs linked to an epoxy resin by chemical bonds can increase the value of λ of the epoxy-resin matrix and reduce the interfacial thermal resistance between AlN and DG-ER (D-GQDs-epoxy resin). The prepared AlN/DG-ER is shown to be a good thermally conductive and insulating packaging material.

16.
Chemosphere ; : 133192, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890606

RESUMO

Ferrous sulfide (FeS) and humic acid (HA) are typical black substances in black bloom water. Based on the strong reduction ability of FeS and the photosensitivity of HA, the transformation of toxic organic pollutants by the combination of FeS and HA (HA-FeS) is not clear. In order to explore this issue, the stability of HA-FeS was analyzed by measuring the hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential of HA-FeS, and then the removal mechanism and possible degradation pathway of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) by HA-FeS under continuous illumination were discussed. The results showed that the hydrodynamic diameter of FeS was reduced and the stability of FeS was improved, and it was easily suspended after FeS combined with the HA in the water. The combination of HA and FeS promoted the removal of TBBPA in water, no matter it was in the presence or absence of light. Besides, compared with the absence of light, the removal efficiency of TBBPA was improved by HA-FeS with continuous light. There were two reasons for the increase in the removal efficiency of TBBPA by HA-FeS. On the one hand, Fe2+ and S2- of HA-FeS had more stable chemical valence and obtained better reducibility under continuous light than that in the dark. On the other hand, light induced the release of active species (O2-, 1O2, and OH) in the HA-FeS composite colloid and further promoted the degradation of organic pollutants. Therefore, the black substances (FeS) of black blooms may play a beneficial role in the removal of pollutants under sunlight.

17.
Trials ; 22(1): 943, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering remains the most promising treatment for acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), despite discordant results between clinical trials and potential variation in the treatment effects by approach to control BP. As the third in a series of clinical trials on this topic, the INTEnsive care bundle with blood pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral hemorrhage Trial (INTERACT3) aims to determine the effectiveness of a goal-directed care bundle protocol of early physiological control (intensive BP lowering, glycemic control, and pyrexia treatment) and reversal of anticoagulation, in acute ICH. METHODS: INTERACT3 is a pragmatic, international, multicenter, stepped-wedge (4 phases/3 steps), cluster-randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a multifaceted care package in adult (age ≥ 18 years) patients (target 8360) with acute ICH (< 6 h of onset) recruited from 110 hospitals (average of 19 consecutive patients per phase) in low- and middle-income countries. After a control phase, each hospital implements the intervention (intensive BP lowering, target systolic < 140 mmHg; glucose control, target 6.1-7.8 mmol/L and 7.8-10.0 mmol/L in those without and with diabetes mellitus, respectively; anti-pyrexia treatment to target body temperature ≤ 37.5 °C; and reversal of anticoagulation, target international normalized ratio < 1.5 within 1 h). Information will be obtained on demographic and baseline clinical characteristics, in-hospital management, and 7-day outcomes. Central trained blinded assessors will conduct telephone interviews to assess physical function and health-related quality of life at 6 months. The primary outcome is the modified Rankin scale (mRS) at 6 months analyzed using ordinal logistic regression. The sample size of 8360 subjects provides 90% power (α = 0.05) to detect a 5.6% absolute improvement (shift) in the primary outcome of the intervention versus control standard care, with various assumptions. DISCUSSION: As the largest clinical trial in acute ICH, INTERACT3 is on schedule to provide an assessment of the effectiveness of a widely applicable goal-directed care bundle for a serious condition in which a clearly proven treatment has yet to be established. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03209258. Registered on 1 July 2017. Chinese Trial Registry ChiCTR-IOC-17011787. Registered on 28 June 2017.


Assuntos
Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
Nat Metab ; 3(12): 1694-1705, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931082

RESUMO

Obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders are linked to the intestinal microbiome. However, the causality of changes in the microbiome-host interaction affecting energy metabolism remains controversial. Here, we show the microbiome-derived metabolite δ-valerobetaine (VB) is a diet-dependent obesogen that is increased with phenotypic obesity and is correlated with visceral adipose tissue mass in humans. VB is absent in germ-free mice and their mitochondria but present in ex-germ-free conventionalized mice and their mitochondria. Mechanistic studies in vivo and in vitro show VB is produced by diverse bacterial species and inhibits mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation through decreasing cellular carnitine and mitochondrial long-chain acyl-coenzyme As. VB administration to germ-free and conventional mice increases visceral fat mass and exacerbates hepatic steatosis with a western diet but not control diet. Thus, VB provides a molecular target to understand and potentially manage microbiome-host symbiosis or dysbiosis in diet-dependent obesity.

19.
Molecules ; 26(24)2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946539

RESUMO

The well-known toxic medicine Gelsemium elegans is widely and historically used to treat bone fracture and skin ulcers by the folk people of China. Two new monoterpenoid indole alkaloids, gelselegandines D and E, together with the known analogue gelegamine A were isolated from G. elegans. Their structures were elucidated by means of spectroscopic techniques and quantum chemical calculations. All isolated compounds were tested for the effects on RANKL-induced osteoclast formation. Interestingly, gelselegandine E and gelegamine A, respectively, showed significant promoting and inhibitory activities on osteoclastogenesis, while gelselegandine D had no activity under the same concentration. This work suggested the different configurations for the carbons near the C-19/20 oxygen rings of the isolated compounds may be the key active groups on osteoclast formation and provided the evidence for the rationality as the traditional treatment for bone-related diseases of G. elegans.

20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(24): 245001, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951808

RESUMO

In inertial confinement approaches to fusion, the asymmetry of target implosion is a major obstacle to achieving high gain in the laboratory. A recently proposed octahedral spherical hohlraum makes it possible to naturally create spherical target irradiation without supplementary symmetry control. Before any decision is made to pursue an ignition-scale laser system based on the octahedral hohlraum, one needs to test the concept with the existing facilities. Here, we report a proof-of-concept experiment for the novel octahedral hohlraum geometry on the cylindrically configured SGIII laser facility without a symmetry control. All polar and equatorial self-emission images of the compressed target show a near round shape of convergence ratio 15 under both square and shaped laser pulses. The observed implosion performances agree well with the ideal spherical implosion simulation. It also shows limitations with using the existing facilities and adds further weight to the need to move to a spherical port geometry for future ignition laser facilities.

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