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1.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113880, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638042

RESUMO

The dairy industry produces vast quantities of dairy processing sludge (DPS), which can be processed further to develop second generation products such as struvite, biochars and ashes (collectively known as STRUBIAS). These bio-based fertilizers have heterogeneous nutrient and metal contents, resulting in a range of possible application rates. To avoid nutrient losses to water or bioaccumulation of metals in soil or crops, it is important that rates applied to land are safe and adhere to the maximum legal application rates similar to inorganic fertilizers. This study collected and analysed nutrient and metal content of all major DPS (n = 84) and DPS-derived STRUBIAS products (n = 10), and created an application calculator in MS Excel™ to provide guidance on maximum legal application rates for ryegrass and spring wheat across plant available phosphorus (P) deficient soil to P-excess soil. The sample analysis showed that raw DPS and DPS-derived STRUBIAS have high P contents ranging from 10.1 to 122 g kg-1. Nitrogen (N) in DPS was high, whereas N concentrations decreased in thermo-chemical STRUBIAS products (chars and ash) due to the high temperatures used in their formation. The heavy metal content of DPS and DPS-derived STRUBIAS was significantly lower than the EU imposed limits. Using the calculator, application rates of DPS and DPS-derived STRUBIAS materials (dry weight) ranged from 0 to 4.0 tonnes ha-1 y-1 for ryegrass and 0-4.5 tonnes ha-1 y-1 for spring wheat. The estimated heavy metal ingestion to soil annually by the application of the DPS and DPS-derived STRUBIAS products was lower than the EU guideline on soil metal accumulation. The calculator is adaptable for any bio-based fertilizer, soil and crop type, and future work should continue to characterise and incorporate new DPS and DPS-derived STRUBIAS products into the database presented in this paper. In addition, safe application rates pertaining to other regulated pollutants or emerging contaminants that may be identified in these products should be included. The fertilizer replacement value of these products, taken from long-term field studies, should be factored into application rates.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Metais Pesados , Fertilizantes/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Fósforo , Esgotos , Solo
2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(11): 1222-1227, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719158

RESUMO

Objective: To study the expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in tumor cells and CD8+T lymphocytes in tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, and to analyze the correlation of PD-L1 expression with infiltration of CD8+T lymphocytes and clinicopathologic features in salivary gland lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC). Methods: Forty-two cases of primary salivary LECs and 21 cases of secondary salivary LECs were enrolled at the Department of Oral Pathology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University between 2015 and 2017. The expression of Epstein-Barr (EB) virus, PD-L1 and CD8 was examined using chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. The data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0 software package. Results: EB virus was detected in 61 cases (61/63, 96.8%), including 42 (42/42, 100%) primary LECs and 19 (19/21, 90.5%) secondary LECs. The PD-L1 positive rate (score ≥1) was 97.6% (41/42), and its high-expression rate (score ≥20) was 78.6% (33/42) in primary LECs. The PD-L1 positive rate (score ≥1) was 71.4% (15/21), and its high-expression rate (≥20) was 38.1% (8/21) in secondary LECs. However, the PD-L1 positive rate (score ≥1, P=0.004) and high-expression rate (score ≥20, P=0.001) in primary LECs were higher than those in secondary LECs. There was no difference in the infiltration degree of CD8+T lymphocytes between primary and secondary LECs. There was a significant correlation between the expression of PD-L1 and CD8 in primary LECs (P=0.001) and in secondary LECs (P=0.048), respectively. Conclusions: There is PD-L1 expression in primary and secondary salivary LECs, while the expression rate is higher in primary LECs than secondary LECs. The combination of PD-L1 expression and CD8+T lymphocytes' presence suggest that most LEC patients might be responsive to immunotherapy, and primary LECs might be more significantly responsive than secondary LECs.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1 , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , China , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Glândulas Salivares
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 508-512, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814421

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the current status and long-term trend of kidney cancer mortality in China from 1992 to 2016. Methods: Mortality data of kidney cancer were collected from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The online analysis tool of age-period-cohort model provided by the National Institutes of Health was used to analyze the death data of kidney cancer in China from 1992 to 2016. Results: From 1992 to 2016, the crude and standardized mortality rates of kidney cancer in Chinese men and women showed an overall increasing trend, with a large increase. The estimated average annual percentage change (AAPC) in kidney cancer mortality for men was 2.85% (95%CI: 2.68%-3.02%) and that for women was 1.25% (95%CI: 1.04%-1.45%). From 1992 to 2016, the local drift values of both men and women were greater than 0 (all P<0.05). In terms of age effect, after adjusting for cohort effect and period effect, the risk of death of kidney cancer in men and women increased exponentially with age from the age of 15. From 15 to 19 years old to 75 to 79 years old, the RR of kidney cancer death was 1.85 in male and 1.59 in female. The cohort and period effects of the two genders were statistically significant (P<0.05), the AAPC for the whole and all age groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The mortality rate of kidney cancer increased greatly, and more attention should be paid to the prevention and treatment of kidney cancer.

5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 549-554, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814428

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the serotypes and antimicrobial resistance of seven invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) isolates. Methods: For 7 iNTS strains collected, serotype identification, antimicrobial susceptibility testing and whole genome sequencing were performed. We identified, annotated and analyzed the serotypes, MLST types, and antimicrobial resistance genes. Results: Among the 7 tested iNTS isolates, we found one Salmonella Typhimurium strain and two Salmonella Ⅰ 4, [5], 12: i:- strains whose MLST types were ST34, two Salmonella Enteritidis strains, one Salmonella Corvallis strain and one strain of unknown serotype with the antigenic formulae of Ⅰ 4, [5], 12: d:- (ST279 type). Six of seven strains were monophasic and the deletion or pseudogenization of Salmonella Flagellum gene might contribute to the enhancement of Salmonella invasiveness. None was found to be resistant to tigarcycline, aztreonam, amikacin, cephalosporins and carbapenem and one Salmonella Typhimurium strain was found to be co-resistant to eight classes of antimicrobials at the same time. Resistance genes were generally in accord with relative resistant phenotypes. Conclusion: The iNTS strains could show high level multi-drug resistance, indicating that close attention should be paid to the resistance of iNTS though the overall resistance might be relatively not high.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 728-734, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814459

RESUMO

Cost-effectiveness analysis of screening in epidemiology is essential for public health decision-making. This paper describes the general principles, basic steps involved in implementation, analytic methods and other related issues of Markov model. Based on a practical research case of evaluating the cost-effectiveness of primary open-angle glaucoma screening in a Chinese population, key points in applications of Markov model for cost-effectiveness analysis of screening were discussed in detail, including model development, parameters definition, available software, base case analysis, sensitivity analysis and the interpretation of the results. For better supporting evidence-informed decision making in public health, future studies should be aware of the accuracy of parameters in Markov models and the transparency of the models and results, as well as complying with the relevant reporting standards.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1509-1517, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814576

RESUMO

With the development of society, the dietary pattern of Chinese residents gradually tends to be Westernized, and the disease spectrum has also been progressively changed into chronic non-communicable diseases like ischemic heart disease and stroke. Diet has been recognized as a common and modifiable factor for many chronic diseases. In this paper, the researches on dietary patterns and common chronic non-communicable diseases in recent years were summarized by searching the literature in Chinese and English databases in the past five years (2015-2020). This research integrated the outcome indicators, possible mechanisms, and research conclusions of dietary patterns and cardiovascular system, metabolic diseases, digestive system, locomotor system, and mental system in the past five years from the perspective of the human system. Dietary patterns characterized by red meat and processed meats, fast foods, sugary beverages were identified as risk factors for most diseases. In contrast, nutritional patterns characterized by vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish were protective factors for most conditions. Meanwhile, it also put forward some problems that should be paid attention to in studying dietary patterns to provide a scientific basis for the follow-up research and the prevention and intervention of diseases.

8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1650-1661, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814597

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically analyze and evaluate the IgG antibody levels of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in healthy population in China. Methods: CNKI, Wanfang, CBM and PubMed databases were used for the retrieval of literatures about VZV IgG antibody levels in healthy people in China from January 1, 2000 to November 3, 2020. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the critical appraisal tools for cross sectional study from Joanna Briggs Institute (JBL). The stratified analysis on the IgG antibody levels in populations in different age groups, provinces, regions, gender groups, and years was performed by using software Stata 14.0. Results: A total of 59 papers were included that met the inclusion criteria, including 51 papers in Chinese and 8 papers in English. There were 22 papers with quality score of 8, 16 papers with quality score of 7, 15 papers with quality score of 6, and 6 papers with quality score of 5. Meta-analysis showed that the positive rate of VZV IgG antibody in healthy population in China was 64% (95%CI:60%-67%, I2 =98.7%), and the IgG antibody levels were reported in the papers for 22 provinces of China. The positive rate of VZV IgG antibody was highest in Yunnan (79%, 95%CI: 64%-93%, I2 =94.7%) and lowest in Inner Mongolia (50%, 95%CI: 46%-54%); the positive rate of VZV IgG antibody was highest in Northeastern China (71%, 95%CI: 69%-73%) and lowest in Eastern China (62%, 95%CI: 57%-67%); the positive rate of VZV IgG antibody in urban population was higher than that in rural population (RR=1.08, 95%CI: 1.04-1.11). The positive rate of VZV IgG antibody in women was higher than that in men (RR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.08-1.11); the positive rate of VZV IgG antibody in the population increased with age; and the positive rate of VZV IgG antibody increased with the change of sampling time. Conclusion: The positive rate of VZV IgG antibody in healthy population in China was relatively low; the coverage of varicella vaccine should be improved for the outbreak control and incidence reduction of varicella in China.

9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1876-1881, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814627

RESUMO

Objective: To develop an R script that can efficiently and accurately filter genome-wide association studies (GWASs) from the GWAS Catalog Website. Methods: The selection principles of GWASs were established based on previous studies. The process of manual filtering in the GWAS Catalog was abstracted as standard algorithms. The R script (gwasfilter.R) was written by two programmers and tested many times. Results: It takes six steps for gwasfilter.R to filter GWASs. There are five main self-defined functions among this R script. GWASs can be filtered based on "whether the GWAS has been replicated" "sample size" "ethnicity of the study population" and other conditions. It takes no more than 1 second for this script to filter GWASs of a single trait. Conclusions: This R script (gwasfilter.R) is user-friendly and provides an efficient and standard process to filter GWASs flexibly. The source code is available at github (https://github.com/lab319/gwas_filter).

10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1882-1888, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814628

RESUMO

Suboptimal diet is one of the most important controllable risk factors for non-communicable diseases. However, randomized controlled trials make it difficult to quantify the causal association between specific dietary factors and health outcomes. In recent years, the rapid development of causal inference has provided a robust theoretical and methodological tool for making full use of observational research data and producing high-quality nutritional epidemiologic research evidence. The causal graph model visualizes the complex causal relationship system by integrating a large amount of prior knowledge and provides a basic framework for identifying confounding and determining causal effect estimation strategies. Different analysis strategies such as adjusting confounders, instrumental variables, or mediation analysis can be created based on other causal graphs. This paper introduces the idea of the causal graph model and the characteristics of various analysis strategies and their application in nutritional epidemiology research, aiming to promote the application of the causal graph model in nutrition and provide references and suggestions for the follow-up research.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22481, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795364

RESUMO

We have performed sound velocity and unit cell volume measurements of three synthetic, ultrafine micro/nanocrystalline grossular samples up to 50 GPa using Brillouin spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The samples are characterized by average grain sizes of 90 nm, 93 nm and 179 nm (hereinafter referred to as samples Gr90, Gr93, and Gr179, respectively). The experimentally determined sound velocities and elastic properties of Gr179 sample are comparable with previous measurements, but slightly higher than those of Gr90 and Gr93 under ambient conditions. However, the differences diminish with increasing pressure, and the velocity crossover eventually takes place at approximately 20-30 GPa. The X-ray diffraction peaks of the ultrafine micro/nanocrystalline grossular samples significantly broaden between 15-40 GPa, especially for Gr179. The velocity or elasticity crossover observed at pressures over 30 GPa might be explained by different grain size reduction and/or inhomogeneous strain within the individual grains for the three grossular samples, which is supported by both the pressure-induced peak broadening observed in the X-ray diffraction experiments and transmission electron microscopy observations. The elastic behavior of ultrafine micro/nanocrystalline silicates, in this case, grossular, is both grain size and pressure dependent.

12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(10): 1562-1568, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of miR-671-5p in regulating the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in osteosarcoma were screened in the NCBI online database, and the target proteins of these miRNAs were predicted and their functions were analyzed. Osteosarcoma cells were transfected with a plasmid overexpressing miR-671-5p, and the transfection efficiency was assessed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The changes in the migration and invasion of the transfected cells were examined with Transwell assay, and the expressions of proteins related with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were detected using Western blotting. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine whether the 3'UTR of SMAD3 contained a targeted binding site of miR-671-5p. RESULTS: MiR-671-5p was significantly down-regulated in both osteosarcoma tissues and osteosarcoma cells (P < 0.05). The osteosarcoma cells overexpressing miR-671-5p showed significantly reduced migration and invasion abilities (P < 0.05) with obviously lowered expressions of EMT-related proteins (P < 0.05). SMAD3 was highly expressed in osteosarcoma cells (P < 0.05), and dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the presence of a targeted binding site between miR-671-5p and the 3'UTR of SMAD3 (P < 0.05). In osteosarcoma cells transfected with a SMAD3-overexpressing plasmid (P < 0.05), the high expression of SMAD3 significantly inhibited by miR-671-5p overexpression (P < 0.05). Transwell assay demonstrated that SMAD3 overexpression significantly promoted the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells (P < 0.05), and while miR-671-5p overexpression obviously reversed this effect (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MiR-671-5p can inhibit the invasion and migration of osteosarcoma cells by negatively regulating SMAD3.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , MicroRNAs , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Osteossarcoma/genética , Proteína Smad3/genética
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 501-504, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the susceptibility of Anopheles sinensis to malathion, deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin in Puyang City, Henan Province, so as to provide the scientific basis for local malaria vector control. METHODS: An. sinensis was captured from Puyang County, Puyang City of Henan Province in September 2018 and July 2020, and the susceptibility of field captured An. sinensis to malathion, deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin was tested using the filter-paper bioassay recommended by WHO. The insecticide resistance level was assessed based on the WHO criteria. RESULTS: In 2018 and 2010, the half knock-down times (KT50) of malathion were 91.08 min and 40.95 min for An. sinensis, with knock-down rates of 37.50% and 60.87% 60 min post-exposure to malathion and 24-hour mortality rates of 90.91% and 100%, respectively, and the insecticide resistance levels were moderately resistant (M) and susceptible (S). The KT50 of deltamethrin were 415.56 min and 341.19 min for An. sinensis in 2018 and 2020, with knock-down rates of 22.92% and 16.98% 60 min post-exposure to malathion and 24-hour mortality rates of 22.92% and 16.98%, and the insecticide resistance levels were all resistant (R). The KT50 of lambda-cyhalothrin were 164.22 min and 236.22 min for An. sinensis in 2018 and 2020, with knock-down rates of 30.39% and 38.30% 60 min postexposure to malathion and 24 h mortality rates of 19.60% and 21.28%, respectively, and the insecticide resistance levels were all R. CONCLUSIONS: An. sinensis is relatively susceptible to malathion but has developed high-level resistance to deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin in Puyang City, Henan Province..


Assuntos
Anopheles , Inseticidas , Malária , Piretrinas , Animais , Resistência a Inseticidas , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Controle de Mosquitos , Mosquitos Vetores , Nitrilas/farmacologia , Piretrinas/farmacologia
14.
Poult Sci ; 100(12): 101488, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731739

RESUMO

The hypothesis that dietary inclusion of microbial phytase improves apparent calcium (Ca) digestibility thereby allowing a lower dietary Ca inclusion without compromising growth performance was tested. One-day-old male Ross 308 broilers (25 birds/pen, 9 pens/treatment) were assigned to 8 experimental diets containing one of 4 dietary Ca to retainable P (rP) ratios (1.3, 1.8, 2.3, and 2.8) with (1,000 FTU/kg) or without microbial phytase. On d 21 to 23, digesta from different intestinal segments of 8 birds per pen were collected to determine apparent Ca and P digestibility. Mid duodenal mucosa was collected for expression of Ca (CaBP-D28k, PMCA1) and P (NaPi-IIb, PiT-1, PiT-2, and XPR1) transporters by RT-qPCR. Dietary phytase inclusion in low Ca/rP diets increased Ca digestibility in the distal ileum (Pinteraction = 0.023) but not the proximal or distal jejunum. Broilers receiving the lowest Ca/rP displayed the lowest body weight gain, highest feed conversion ratio (P < 0.001), and lowest tibia strength, irrespective of dietary phytase inclusion. Incremental dietary Ca/rP linearly reduced P digestibility to a greater extent in the absence of phytase in the distal jejunum and ileum (Pinteraction = 0.021 and 0.001, respectively). Incremental dietary Ca/rP linearly reduced serum P more in phytase-free diets (Pinteraction < 0.001), and lowered duodenal expression of P transporters NaPi-IIb, PiT-2, and XPR1 (P = 0.052, 0.071 and 0.028, respectively). Incremental dietary Ca/rP linearly increased (P < 0.001) serum Ca irrespective of phytase inclusion, accompanied by a lower (P < 0.001) duodenal expression of Ca transporters CaSR, CaBP-D28k and PMCA1 and Ca-pore forming claudins CLDN-2 and CLDN-12. Dietary phytase increased (P = 0.026) NaPi-IIb but reduced (P = 0.029) CLDN-2 expression. Incremental Ca/rP reduced Ca and P digestibility, increased serum Ca, lowered serum P and inhibited mRNA levels of Ca and P-related transporters, indicating that these transporters and CLDN contribute to the observed effect of dietary Ca and phytase on Ca and P absorption. Despite the improvement in Ca digestibility, dietary phytase did not restore the compromised growth performance and tibia strength of broilers fed a Ca-deficient diet, leading to rejection of the hypothesis.

15.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(11): 939-946, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758519

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the differences in the composition and abundance of gut microbiota between patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis and healthy controls, and to identify the specific bacteria as biomarkers to distinguish between the two groups. Methods: Patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis treated in three municipal designated tuberculosis medical institutions in Sichuan, Jiangsu and Shanghai from September 2017 to September 2019 were selected as the case group (n=88), and the healthy people without a history of tuberculosis from the same regions were recruited as the control group (n=62). The fecal samples of the two groups were detected by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the differences of gut microbiota diversity, community composition and relative abundance at phylum and genus level from the two groups were analyzed. The random forest method was used to construct a predictive model to assess whether the specific bacterial flora could be used as biomarkers to distinguish tuberculosis patients from healthy people. Results: The alpha diversity analysis showed that the species richness and evenness of gut microbiota in tuberculosis patients were significantly lower than those in healthy controls (P<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in the composition of microbiota between the two groups (Bray-Curtis distance, P<0.001). In the gut microbiota of tuberculosis patients, opportunistic pathogens were relatively enriched, while some of the beneficial bacteria that can produce short-chain fatty acids were less abundant. The discrimination accuracy of the random forest model composed of Lachnospira, Lachnospiraceae ND3007 group and Roseburia was 76.67%, with area under the curve (AUC) being 75.29% (95%CI: 0.661-0.845). Conclusion: There were differences in gut microbiota between patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis and healthy people, and specific bacterial flora showed the potential to be used as biomarkers to distinguish between the two groups.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Biomarcadores , China , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 739-746, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753228

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the incidence, clinical and microbiological characteristics and risk factors of infection in patients with acute lymphoblastic (ALL) , non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) , and multiple myeloma (MM) within 28 days after CAR-T cell infusion. It provides data support for early identification of infection and the rational use of antibacterial drugs in these patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the baseline data of 170 patients with ALL, NHL and MM who received chimeric antigen receptor-modified T (CAR-T) -cell treatment in the Department of Hematology of Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020, and the clinical characteristics of infection within 28 days after infusion, including 72 patients with ALL, 56 patients with NHL, and 42 patients with MM; we used Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazard regression models to assess high-risk factors for infection before and after infusion, respectively. Results: Among 170 patients, 119 infections occurred in 99 patients within 28 days, with a cumulative infection rate of 58.2%. Seventy-eight patients had 98 bacterial infections and the cumulative incidence of bacterial infection was 45.9%. The infection density was 2.01, and the median time for the first infection was about 12 days after infusion. The adjusted baseline characteristic model showed that ALL patients, previous 30 days of infection history, refractory disease, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <0.5×10(9)/L before infusion and ≥4 prior antitumor treatment regimens had a higher infection density within 28 days; grade 3 or 4 CRS was the only high-risk factor related to infection after infusion in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Infection is a common complication of CAR-T cell therapy in patients with hematologic malignancy. Bacterial infections occur in most patients regardless of the type of disease. ALL patients, previous 30 days of infection history, refractory disease, ANC<0.5×10(9)/L before infusion and grade 3 or 4 CRS are risk factors for infection. Chinese Clinical Trial Register:: ChiCTR-OIC-17011180, ChiCTR1800018143.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Infecções/etiologia , Antígenos CD19 , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1328-1331, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749477

RESUMO

Based on Yichang health big data platform, 850 608 patients from September 2018 to September 2019 were included in this study. According to the date of birth, the participants were divided into early childhood famine exposure group, fetal famine exposure group and non-famine exposure group. The incidence of adult herpes zoster (HZ) in Yichang city was analyzed, and the correlation between early life famine exposure and adult HZ was analyzed. In 2019, the crude incidence rate of adult HZ in Yichang was 6.83‰. The crude incidence rate of adult HZ in females (7.26‰) was higher than that in males (6.40‰). Compared with the non-famine exposure group, fetal famine exposure was associated with the incidence of adult HZ (OR=1.21; 95%CI: 1.01-1.45, P=0.041). After stratification by sex, fetal famine exposure was only found to be associated with the onset of adult HZ in females (OR=1.28, 95%CI:1.02-1.61, P=0.034).


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Fome Epidêmica , Feminino , Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(18): 5625-5635, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: MiR-466 has been reported to exert a tumor-suppressive role in several cancers, including colorectal cancer and osteosarcoma, but its clinical significance and functional mechanisms in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis still remain elusive. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-466 was determined using reverse transcription quantitative PCR. The clinical significance of miR-466 in BC patients was assessed by Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analyses. Functional experiments, including CCK-8 and transwell assays, were performed to analyze cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability. The association between miR-466 and proteasome subunit α7 (PSMA7) was confirmed by Luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Here, we first observed that the expression of miR-466 was significantly downregulated in BC tissues and cell lines. The decreased miR-466 expression was significantly associated with tumor size (p = 0.003), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.008), TNM stage (p = 0.032) and poor survival rate. In addition, miR-466 was identified as an independent prognostic factor for BC patients. We further found that the overexpression of miR-466 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Mechanistically, PSMA7 was a potential target gene of miR-466 and negatively regulated miR-466 in BC cells. Oncomine database and Kaplan-Meier overall survival analysis indicated that upregulation of PSMA7 was associated with poor prognosis of BC patients. The rescue experiments demonstrated that PSMA7 overexpression reversed the effects of miR-466 on cell proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT transcription factors (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and vimentin). CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these results suggest that the miR-466/PSMA7 axis might have potential as a therapeutic target for BC treatment.

19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 1123-1128, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619931

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of autophagy mediated by mTOR signaling pathway in the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) induced by cadmium. Methods: HBMSCs were divided into 0, 2.5 or 5.0 µmol/L groups according to the exposure dose of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), and each group was treated for 1 day, 4 days and (or) 7 days. The ALP activity and mRNA and protein expression levels of osteogenesis markers (ALP, RUNX2 and OSTERIX), autophagy-related proteins (LC3 and Beclin-1) and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins (mTOR, p-mTOR and p-p70S6K) expression, alkaline phosphatase staining and alizarin red staining were detected. MHY 1485 was selected as the signaling pathway activator. The control group, CdCl2 group (5.0 µmol/L), MHY 1485 group and CdCl2+MHY 1485 combined treatment group were set. After 7 days of treatment, the expression levels of autophagy related proteins and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins of hBMSCs in each group were detected. Results: There was no significant difference in ALP activity between 0, 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L groups on day 1 and 4 (P>0.05); On day 7, compared with the 0 µmol/L group, the ALP activity, expression of osteogenic markers (ALP, RUNX2, OSTERIX) and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins (mTOR, p-mTOR, p-p70S6K) expression decreased in the 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L group (P<0.05). Compared with the 0 µmol/L group, the staining of the 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L groups became lighter, and the formation of ALP and mineralized nodules was reduced. Compared with the CdCl2 group, the autophagy related protein expression in the CdCl2+MHY 1485 combined treatment group decreased, and the mTOR signaling pathway related protein expression increased. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs by cadmium may be related to autophagy mediated by mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Autofagia , Cádmio , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
20.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 968-972, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711033

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize and analyze of the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with nonmuscle myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9)-related disease (MYH9-RD). Methods: To screen the patients who were first diagnosed as "chronic/refractory immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) " from April 2016 to May 2019 in Beijing Children's Hospital by genetic and clinical examinations, then the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination and genetics results of 7 children diagnosed with MYH9-RD were collected and summarized retrospectively. Results: Among 7 children diagnosed with MYH9-RD, 3 were males and 4 females. The age of onset was 1.25 (0.41-6.16) years. The course of disease was 2.16 (0.41-8.59) years. The automatic platelet count was (9 (5-30))×109/L. All the cases were found with giant platelets under microscope,and the manual platelet count was (70 (30-100))×109/L. Four cases had skin hemorrhage or epistaxis and 3 cases had no bleeding. All 7 patients had received first-or second-line therapy of ITP, of whom 1 case received splenic embolization, and all the treatments mentioned above were ineffective. Finally, it was confirmed that all 7 patients had heterozygous missense mutations of MYH9 gene by next generation sequencing (NGS), including 2 pedigrees and 5 sporadic cases. Four sporadic mutations occurred in N-terminal globular head domain (HD), and 1 sporadic case with p.D1424N mutations occurred in the C-terminal tail domain (TD). One of the pedigrees also had p.D1424N mutation. The other familial case had a novel variant with one missense variant p.A44D caused by the c.131C>A transition. One of the two p.R702 mutations had kidney damage, and several relatives of the new p.A44D mutations had deafness. Conclusions: In this study, the spontaneous mutations of seven MYH9-RD were common, and all patients were misdiagnosed as ITP, whereas the bleeding was mild and immunotherapy was ineffective. The suspected disease can be identified earlier by manual visual platelet volume and count, which can be confirmed by genetic testing. It is more important to monitor the development of other organs damage instead of thrombocytopenia. For cases with p.R702 mutations the doctor should be aware of kidney damage, and for the cases with novel mutations p.A44D the doctor should be aware of hearing loss.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Proteínas Motores Moleculares/genética , Mutação , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombocitopenia/congênito
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