Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 47
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259436, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735495

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy is one of the common microvascular complications of diabetes. Iron death is a recently reported way of cell death. To explore the effects of iron death on diabetic nephropathy, iron death score of diabetic nephropathy was analyzed based on the network and pathway levels. Furthermore, markers related to iron death were screened. Using RNA-seq data of diabetic nephropathy, samples were clustered uniformly and the disease was classified. Differentially expressed gene analysis was conducted on the typed disease samples, and the WGCNA algorithm was used to obtain key modules. String database was used to perform protein interaction analysis on key module genes for the selection of Hub genes. Moreover, principal component analysis method was applied to get transcription factors and non-coding genes, which interact with the Hub gene. All samples can be divided into two categories and principal component analysis shows that the two categories are significantly different. Hub genes (FPR3, C3AR1, CD14, ITGB2, RAC2 and ITGAM) related to iron death in diabetic nephropathy were obtained through gene expression differential analysis between different subtypes. Non-coding genes that interact with Hub genes, including hsa-miR-572, hsa-miR-29a-3p, hsa-miR-29b-3p, hsa-miR-208a-3p, hsa-miR-153-3p and hsa-miR-29c-3p, may be related to diabetic nephropathy. Transcription factors HIF1α, KLF4, KLF5, RUNX1, SP1, VDR and WT1 may be related to diabetic nephropathy. The above factors and Hub genes are collectively involved in the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy, which can be further studied in the future. Moreover, these factors and genes may be potential target for therapeutic drugs.

3.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610959

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated that glucocorticoid receptor ß (GRß) functions as an oncoprotein, regulating the malignant phenotypes and stem-like cell maintaining in human glioblastoma (GBM). Of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) isoforms, GRß and GRα are highly homologous, though the mechanism underlying the distinct functions of these two isoforms in GBM has not been clarified. Here by establishing a carboxyl-terminal (COOH-terminal) deletion mutant, we determined that GRß can be ubiquitinated. We also found that its COOH terminal is essential for this ubiquitination. The mutation of a lysine to arginine at residue 733 (K733R) blocked the ubiquitination of GRß, indicating that K733 is a key site for ubiquitination. Using K733R to establish nonubiquitinated GRß, we demonstrated that ubiquitination not only regulates the stability and nuclear translocation of GRß, but is also a vital mechanism for its oncogenic functions in vitro and in vivo. Protein interaction assay further indicated that ubiquitin-specific protease 49 (USP49) is a GRß-binding protein and the interaction depends on GRß ubiquitination. USP49 knockdown resulted in a decrease of cell proliferation, invasion, and an increase of cell apoptosis. More importantly, USP49 knockdown increased ubiquitination and amplified the oncogenic effects of GRß, confirming the decisive role of ubiquitination on GRß carcinogenicity. Taken together, these findings established that ubiquitination is a vial process for GRß the execution of oncogenic functions in GBM and that the K733 site is crucial for ubiquitination of GRß. IMPLICATIONS: This work is the first identify of the activation GRß by a single lysine point-mediated ubiquitination and proteasome degradation, which determines its oncogenic functions in GBM.

4.
Vaccine ; 39(44): 6520-6528, 2021 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic on March 11th, 2020. This serious outbreak and the precipitously increasing numbers of deaths worldwide necessitated the urgent need to develop an effective severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine. The development of COVID-19 vaccines has moved quickly. In this study, we assessed the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of an inactivated (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and its lot-to-lot consistency. A total of 1620 healthy adults aged 18-59 years were randomly assigned to receive 2 injections of the trial vaccine or placebo on a day 0 and 14 schedule. This article was based on an interim report completed within 3 months following the last dose of study vaccine. The interim analysis includes safety and immunogenicity data for 540 participants in the immunogenicity subset and an efficacy analysis of the 1620 subjects. For the safety evaluation, solicited and unsolicited adverse events were collected after the first and second vaccination within 14 and 28 days, respectively. Blood samples were collected for an antibody assay before and 14 days following the second dose. RESULTS: Most of the adverse reactions were in the solicited category and were mild in severity. Pain at the injection site was the most frequently reported symptom. Antibody IgG titer determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was 97.48% for the seroconversion rate. Using a neutralization assay, the seroconversion rate was 87.15%. The efficacy in preventing symptomatic confirmed cases of COVID-19 occurring at least 14 days after the second dose of vaccine using an incidence rate was 65.30%. CONCLUSIONS: From the 3-month interim analysis, the vaccine exhibited a 65.30% efficacy at preventing COVID-19 illness with favorable safety and immunogenicity profiles.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Indonésia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/efeitos adversos
5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 728055, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712679

RESUMO

Objective: To conduct a randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic value of Jinhua Qinggan granules in patients with confirmed and suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: A total of 123 suspected and confirmed COVID-19 patients participated in this clinical trial and were randomly divided into Jinhua and Western medicine groups. For 14 days, the Jinhua group was treated with Jinhua Qinggan granules and antiviral drugs, and the Western medicine group was treated with antiviral drugs alone. We collected information on clinical symptoms, disease aggravation rates, and negative conversion rates of nucleic acids in patients, and observed the effects of anti-infective drugs. Results: There was no significant difference in symptom improvement rates between the two groups, both confirmed and suspected patients (P > 0.05). Both treatments relieved symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and diarrhea. However, the Jinhua treatment was superior in relieving fever and poor appetite. Anti-infective drug use rates were significantly lower in the Jinhua group than in the control group. Conclusion: Jinhua Qinggan granules combined with Western medicine could relieve the clinical symptoms of fever and poor appetite in COVID-19 patients, reduce the use of antibiotics to a certain extent. Clinical Trial Registration: The registration number at China Clinical Trial Registry is ChiCTR2000029601.

6.
Vaccine ; 39(28): 3724-3730, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059373

RESUMO

In order to meet the domestic urgent needs of evaluating the immunogenicity of vaccines and the potency testing of therapeutic antibody products against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the first Chinese national standards for SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody were established. The potency and stability of the candidate standards were determined by neutralization assay and accelerated degradation study. The stability studies showed that the standards were stable in the short-term. The collaborative study showed that the candidate standards could reduce the variations in neutralization titers between labs and thus improve comparability of neutralizing antibody measurements. Sample 22 has been approved by the Biological Product Reference Standards Sub-Committee of the National Drug Reference Standards Committee as the first Chinese National Standard for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) neutralizing antibody, with an assigned potency of 1,000 units per milliliter (U/ml). This standard will contribute to the standardized assessment of the quality and efficacy of vaccines and therapeutics for COVID-19 in China.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , COVID-19 , Anticorpos Antivirais , China , Humanos , Testes de Neutralização , Padrões de Referência , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 614436, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790892

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which elicits a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe, with the potential to lead to death. Although used as the standard method to screen patients for SARS-CoV-2 infection, real-time PCR has challenges in dealing with asymptomatic patients and those with an undetectable viral load. Serological tests are therefore considered potent diagnostic tools to complement real-time PCR-based diagnosis and are used for surveillance of seroprevalence in populations. However, the dynamics of the antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 currently remain to be investigated. Here, through analysis of plasma samples from 84 patients with COVID-19, we observed that the response of virus-specific antibodies against three important antigens, RBD, N and S, dynamically changed over time and reached a peak 5-8 weeks after the onset of symptoms. The antibody responses were irrespective of sex. Severe cases were found to have higher levels of antibody response, larger numbers of inflammatory cells and C-reactive protein levels. Within the mild/moderate cases, pairwise comparison indicated moderate association between anti-RBD vs. anti-N, anti-RBD vs. anti-S1S2, and anti-N vs. anti-S1S2. Furthermore, the majority of cases could achieve IgM and IgG seroconversion at 2 weeks since the disease onset. Analysis of neutralizing antibodies indicated that these responses were able to last for more than 112 days but decline significantly after the peak. In summary, our findings demonstrate the longitudinally dynamic changes in antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2, which can contribute to the knowledge of humoral immune response after SARS-CoV-2 infection and are informative for future development of vaccine and antibody-based therapies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/imunologia , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo de Coronavírus/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Pequim , COVID-19/patologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfoproteínas/imunologia , Domínios Proteicos/imunologia , Soroconversão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Centros de Atenção Terciária
10.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 21(6): 803-812, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A vaccine against COVID-19 is urgently needed for older adults, in whom morbidity and mortality due to the disease are increased. We aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of a candidate COVID-19 vaccine, CoronaVac, containing inactivated SARS-CoV-2, in adults aged 60 years and older. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1/2 clinical trial of CoronaVac in healthy adults aged 60 years and older in Renqiu (Hebei, China). Vaccine or placebo was given by intramuscular injection in two doses (days 0 and 28). Phase 1 comprised a dose-escalation study, in which participants were allocated to two blocks: block 1 (3 µg inactivated virus in 0·5 mL of aluminium hydroxide solution per injection) and block 2 (6 µg per injection). Within each block, participants were randomly assigned (2:1) using block randomisation to receive CoronaVac or placebo (aluminium hydroxide solution only). In phase 2, participants were randomly assigned (2:2:2:1) using block randomisation to receive either CoronaVac at 1·5 µg, 3 µg, or 6 µg per dose, or placebo. All participants, investigators, and laboratory staff were masked to treatment allocation. The primary safety endpoint was adverse reactions within 28 days after each injection in all participants who received at least one dose. The primary immunogenicity endpoint was seroconversion rate at 28 days after the second injection (which was assessed in all participants who had received the two doses of vaccine according to their random assignment, had antibody results available, and did not violate the trial protocol). Seroconversion was defined as a change from seronegative at baseline to seropositive for neutralising antibodies to live SARS-CoV-2 (positive cutoff titre 1/8), or a four-fold titre increase if the participant was seropositive at baseline. This study is ongoing and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04383574). FINDINGS: Between May 22 and June 1, 2020, 72 participants (24 in each intervention group and 24 in the placebo group; mean age 65·8 years [SD 4·8]) were enrolled in phase 1, and between June 12 and June 15, 2020, 350 participants were enrolled in phase 2 (100 in each intervention group and 50 in the placebo group; mean age 66·6 years [SD 4·7] in 349 participants). In the safety populations from both phases, any adverse reaction within 28 days after injection occurred in 20 (20%) of 100 participants in the 1·5 µg group, 25 (20%) of 125 in the 3 µg group, 27 (22%) of 123 in the 6 µg group, and 15 (21%) of 73 in the placebo group. All adverse reactions were mild or moderate in severity and injection site pain (39 [9%] of 421 participants) was the most frequently reported event. As of Aug 28, 2020, eight serious adverse events, considered unrelated to vaccination, have been reported by seven (2%) participants. In phase 1, seroconversion after the second dose was observed in 24 of 24 participants (100·0% [95% CI 85·8-100·0]) in the 3 µg group and 22 of 23 (95·7% [78·1-99·9]) in the 6 µg group. In phase 2, seroconversion was seen in 88 of 97 participants in the 1·5 µg group (90·7% [83·1-95·7]), 96 of 98 in the 3 µg group (98·0% [92·8-99·8]), and 97 of 98 (99·0% [94·5-100·0]) in the 6 µg group. There were no detectable antibody responses in the placebo groups. INTERPRETATION: CoronaVac is safe and well tolerated in older adults. Neutralising antibody titres induced by the 3 µg dose were similar to those of the 6 µg dose, and higher than those of the 1·5 µg dose, supporting the use of the 3 µg dose CoronaVac in phase 3 trials to assess protection against COVID-19. FUNDING: Chinese National Key Research and Development Program and Beijing Science and Technology Program.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/imunologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Formação de Anticorpos , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Soroconversão , Vacinação
12.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 128-140, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427556

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common complication of diabetes. Yishen capsule, composed of Chinese herbs, improves the clinical outcome in DN patients. However, its therapeutic potential and underlying mechanisms require further elucidation. Hence, our study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms and therapeutic potential of Yishen capsule in DN. Streptozotocin-induced DN rats were treated with Yishen capsules (1.25 g/kg/day) for 8 weeks. Then, blood glucose and urine protein levels were measured. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and western blot assays were used to examine the histologic changes and gene expression, respectively, in kidney samples. Mouse podocytes were treated with rat serum containing Yishen capsule and transmission electron microscopy was used to examine autophagosome formation. Cell counting kit-8 assay was performed to examine cell proliferation. Western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analyses were conducted to detect changes in gene expression. The localization of SIRT1 was examined in the podocytes using immunocytofluorescence assay. We found that Yishen capsule relieved pathological changes, decreased urine protein, increased SIRT1, LC3-II, and Beclin-1 expression, and reduced acetylated NF-κB p65 expression in vivo. In addition, rat serum containing Yishen capsule showed improved podocyte proliferation, promoted the mRNA and protein levels of LC3-II and Beclin-1, and induced nuclear translocation of SIRT1. Furthermore, it increased SIRT1 expression and decreased mRNA level of NF-κB in the serum. SIRT1 inhibitor increased the mRNA level of NF-κB. Our data suggests that Yishen capsule improves DN by promoting podocyte autophagy via the SIRT1/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Podócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Sirtuína 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Estreptozocina , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
13.
Inflamm Res ; 70(2): 241-247, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between the dynamic changes of serum 2019-nCoV IgM/IgG and immunity alteration for patients after 6-month hospital discharge. METHODS: One IgM(+) and IgG(-), 32 IgM(+) and IgG(+), 38 IgM(-) and IgG(+), and 40 IgM(-) and IgG(-) patients were included. Demographic data were collected. IgM and IgG antibodies, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and lymphocyte subsets in serum were determined at weeks 0, 2 and 4. RESULTS: The hs-CRP and IL-6 levels of all patients were within the normal ranges. The number of patients with all lymphocyte subset testing items within normal ranges was 12/110 (10.9%) at week 0, 15/110 (13.6%) at week 2 and 18/110 (16.4%) at week 4. The percentages of CD8 + cells, NK cells and B lymphocytes in the IgM(+) and IgG(+) group were quite different from those in the IgM(-) and IgG(+) group and the IgM(-) and IgG(-) group, with much higher percentages of CD8 + cells and much lower percentages of NK cells and B lymphocytes at weeks 0, 2 and 4. Twelve IgM(+) patients in the IgM(+) and IgG(+) group converted to IgM(-), and the percentages of NK cells and B lymphocytes in these patients were significantly increased at week 4. CONCLUSIONS: The changes of serum IgM and IgG are closely related to immunity in patients in the recovery stage. However, immunity does not recover when the patients test negative for these antibodies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Exercícios Respiratórios , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Adulto Jovem
14.
Neurosci Bull ; 37(2): 278-280, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040304
15.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 21(2): 181-192, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the unprecedented morbidity and mortality associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, a vaccine against COVID-19 is urgently needed. We investigated CoronaVac (Sinovac Life Sciences, Beijing, China), an inactivated vaccine candidate against COVID-19, containing inactivated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), for its safety, tolerability and immunogenicity. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1/2 clinical trial, healthy adults aged 18-59 years were recruited from the community in Suining County of Jiangsu province, China. Adults with SARS-CoV-2 exposure or infection history, with axillary temperature above 37·0°C, or an allergic reaction to any vaccine component were excluded. The experimental vaccine for the phase 1 trial was manufactured using a cell factory process (CellSTACK Cell Culture Chamber 10, Corning, Wujiang, China), whereas those for the phase 2 trial were produced through a bioreactor process (ReadyToProcess WAVE 25, GE, Umea, Sweden). The phase 1 trial was done in a dose-escalating manner. At screening, participants were initially separated (1:1), with no specific randomisation, into two vaccination schedule cohorts, the days 0 and 14 vaccination cohort and the days 0 and 28 vaccination cohort, and within each cohort the first 36 participants were assigned to block 1 (low dose CoronaVac [3 µg per 0·5 mL of aluminium hydroxide diluent per dose) then another 36 were assigned to block 2 (high-dose Coronavc [6 µg per 0·5 mL of aluminium hydroxide diluent per dse]). Within each block, participants were randomly assigned (2:1), using block randomisation with a block size of six, to either two doses of CoronaVac or two doses of placebo. In the phase 2 trial, at screening, participants were initially separated (1:1), with no specific randomisation, into the days 0 and 14 vaccination cohort and the days 0 and 28 vaccination cohort, and participants were randomly assigned (2:2:1), using block randomisation with a block size of five, to receive two doses of either low-dose CoronaVac, high-dose CoronaVac, or placebo. Participants, investigators, and laboratory staff were masked to treatment allocation. The primary safety endpoint was adverse reactions within 28 days after injection in all participants who were given at least one dose of study drug (safety population). The primary immunogenic outcome was seroconversion rates of neutralising antibodies to live SARS-CoV-2 at day 14 after the last dose in the days 0 and 14 cohort, and at day 28 after the last dose in the days 0 and 28 cohort in participants who completed their allocated two-dose vaccination schedule (per-protocol population). This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04352608, and is closed to accrual. FINDINGS: Between April 16 and April 25, 2020, 144 participants were enrolled in the phase 1 trial, and between May 3 and May 5, 2020, 600 participants were enrolled in the phase 2 trial. 743 participants received at least one dose of investigational product (n=143 for phase 1 and n=600 for phase 2; safety population). In the phase 1 trial, the incidence of adverse reactions for the days 0 and 14 cohort was seven (29%) of 24 participants in the 3 ug group, nine (38%) of 24 in the 6 µg group, and two (8%) of 24 in the placebo group, and for the days 0 and 28 cohort was three (13%) of 24 in the 3 µg group, four (17%) of 24 in the 6 µg group, and three (13%) of 23 in the placebo group. The seroconversion of neutralising antibodies on day 14 after the days 0 and 14 vaccination schedule was seen in 11 (46%) of 24 participants in the 3 µg group, 12 (50%) of 24 in the 6 µg group, and none (0%) of 24 in the placebo group; whereas at day 28 after the days 0 and 28 vaccination schedule, seroconversion was seen in 20 (83%) of 24 in the 3 µg group, 19 (79%) of 24 in the 6 µg group, and one (4%) of 24 in the placebo group. In the phase 2 trial, the incidence of adverse reactions for the days 0 and 14 cohort was 40 (33%) of 120 participants in the 3 µg group, 42 (35%) of 120 in the 6 µg group, and 13 (22%) of 60 in the placebo group, and for the days 0 and 28 cohort was 23 (19%) of 120 in the 3 µg group, 23 (19%) of 120 in the 6 µg group, and 11 (18%) of 60 for the placebo group. Seroconversion of neutralising antibodies was seen for 109 (92%) of 118 participants in the 3 µg group, 117 (98%) of 119 in the 6 µg group, and two (3%) of 60 in the placebo group at day 14 after the days 0 and 14 schedule; whereas at day 28 after the days 0 and 28 schedule, seroconversion was seen in 114 (97%) of 117 in the 3 µg group, 118 (100%) of 118 in the 6 µg group, and none (0%) of 59 in the placebo group. INTERPRETATION: Taking safety, immunogenicity, and production capacity into account, the 3 µg dose of CoronaVac is the suggested dose for efficacy assessment in future phase 3 trials. FUNDING: Chinese National Key Research and Development Program and Beijing Science and Technology Program.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/efeitos adversos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Imunoglobulina G , Imunoglobulina M , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Soroconversão , Vacinação , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cancer Med ; 9(16): 5989-5998, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nano-sized extracellular vesicles secreted by cells play key roles in intercellular crosstalk, and appear to be an excellent biocompatible material as therapeutic cargoes in vivo. Previously, we have demonstrated that miR-204-5p is a key tumor suppressor that could inhibit tumor growth, metastasis and chemoresistance. METHODS: A HEK293T cell line stably expressing miR-204-5p (293T-miR-204) was constructed by lentivirus transduction. Fluorescence real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was applied to measure the expression of miR-204-5p. CCK-8 and colony formation assays were used to evaluate the in vitro anticancer effects, and the flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis. The in vivo therapeutic effects of exosomal miR-204-5p were evaluated using a xenograft mouse model. Western blots were used to detect the protein levels of CD63, Flotillin-2, RAB22A and Bcl2. The protein levels of RAB22A and Bcl2 in tumor tissues were measured by immunohistochemistry staining. RESULTS: MiR-204-5p was clearly upregulated in CRC cells after coculturing with 293T-miR-204 cell-derived conditioned medium (CM) or exosomes. CCK-8 and colony formation assays showed that the cell proliferation ability of CRC cells was clearly inhibited by 293T-miR-204 cell-derived CM or exosomes. The inhibitory effects of exosomal miR-204-5p on cell proliferation were further confirmed in other types of cancers. Exosomal miR-204-5p could induce apoptosis and increase the sensitivity of cancer cells to the chemotherapeutic drug-5-fluorourcil. In addition, exosomal miR-204-5p inhibited the tumor growth in mice. Western blot assay and IHC staining showed that the protein levels of miR-204-5p targets were clearly decreased in cancer cells or xenograft tissues treated with exosomal miR-204-5p. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we confirmed that exosomal miR-204-5p could efficiently inhibit cancer cell proliferation, induce apoptosis and increase chemosensitivity by specifically suppressing the target genes of miR-204-5p in human cancer cells.


Assuntos
Comunicação Celular , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Exossomos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Citometria de Fluxo , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Células HEK293 , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptores da Colecistocinina/metabolismo , Tetraspanina 30/metabolismo , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco , Regulação para Cima , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
17.
Clin Infect Dis ; 71(10): 2688-2694, 2020 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic with no specific antiviral treatments or vaccines. There is an urgent need for exploring the neutralizing antibodies from patients with different clinical characteristics. METHODS: A total of 117 blood samples were collected from 70 COVID-19 inpatients and convalescent patients. Antibodies were determined with a modified cytopathogenic neutralization assay (NA) based on live severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The dynamics of neutralizing antibody levels at different time points with different clinical characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: The seropositivity rate reached up to 100.0% within 20 days since onset, and remained 100.0% till days 41-53. The total geometric mean titer was 1:163.7 (95% confidence interval [CI], 128.5-208.6) by NA and 1:12 441.7 (95% CI, 9754.5-15 869.2) by ELISA. The antibody level by NA and ELISA peaked on days 31-40 since onset, and then decreased slightly. In multivariate generalized estimating equation analysis, patients aged 31-45, 46-60, and 61-84 years had a higher neutralizing antibody level than those aged 16-30 years (ß = 1.0470, P = .0125; ß = 1.0613, P = .0307; ß = 1.3713, P = .0020). Patients with a worse clinical classification had a higher neutralizing antibody titer (ß = 0.4639, P = .0227). CONCLUSIONS: The neutralizing antibodies were detected even at the early stage of disease, and a significant response was shown in convalescent patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , COVID-19 , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
18.
Science ; 369(6499): 77-81, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376603

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has resulted in an unprecedented public health crisis. Because of the novelty of the virus, there are currently no SARS-CoV-2-specific treatments or vaccines available. Therefore, rapid development of effective vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 are urgently needed. Here, we developed a pilot-scale production of PiCoVacc, a purified inactivated SARS-CoV-2 virus vaccine candidate, which induced SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralizing antibodies in mice, rats, and nonhuman primates. These antibodies neutralized 10 representative SARS-CoV-2 strains, suggesting a possible broader neutralizing ability against other strains. Three immunizations using two different doses, 3 or 6 micrograms per dose, provided partial or complete protection in macaques against SARS-CoV-2 challenge, respectively, without observable antibody-dependent enhancement of infection. These data support the clinical development and testing of PiCoVacc for use in humans.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Virais , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/biossíntese , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/biossíntese , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , COVID-19 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Chlorocebus aethiops , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Relação Dose-Resposta Imunológica , Feminino , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Imunoglobulina G/biossíntese , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Macaca mulatta , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Projetos Piloto , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/administração & dosagem , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/efeitos adversos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/imunologia , Células Vero , Carga Viral , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
20.
Glia ; 68(5): 1031-1045, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793691

RESUMO

Microglia constantly survey the brain microenvironment and rapidly adopt different phenotypes in response to environmental stimuli. Such dynamic functions require a unique metabolism and bioenergetics. However, little is known about the basic metabolism of microglia and how metabolic changes regulate microglia function. Here, we uncover that microglia activation is accompanied by extensive transcriptional changes in glucose and lipid metabolism-related genes. Using metabolic flux assays, we found that LPS, a prototype of the pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), significantly enhanced glycolysis but suppressed oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in primary cultured microglia. By contrast, ATP, a known damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMPs) that triggers sterile activation of microglia, boosted both glycolysis and OXPHOS. Importantly, both LPS and ATP activated the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and enhanced the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Inhibition of mTOR activity suppressed glycolysis and ROS production in both conditions but exerted different effects on OXPHOS: it attenuated the ATP-induced elevation of OXPHOS, yet had no impact on the LPS-induced suppression of OXPHOS. Further, inhibition of mTOR or glycolysis decreased production of LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines and ATP-induced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in microglia. Our study reveals a critical role for mTOR in the regulation of metabolic programming of microglia to shape their distinct functions under different states and shed light on the potential application of targeting metabolism to interfere with microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in multiple disorders.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação Oxidativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Interleucina-4/farmacologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...