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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(18): 4259-4265, 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extremely premature infants have poor vascular conditions. Operators often choose deep veins such as the femoral vein and axillary vein to peripherally insert central catheters, and these vessels are often accompanied by arteries; thus, it is easy to mistakenly enter the artery. CASE SUMMARY: The case of an extremely premature infant (born at gestational age 28+3) in whom the left upper extremity artery was accidentally entered during peripheral puncture of the central venous catheter is reported. On the 19th day of hospitalization, the index finger, middle finger and ring finger of the left hand were rosy, the left radial artery and brachial artery pulse were palpable, the recovery was 95%, and the improvement was obvious. At discharge 42 d after admission, there was no abnormality in fingertip activity during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Arterial embolization in preterm infants requires an individualized treatment strategy combined with local anticoagulation and 2% nitroglycerin ointment for local tissue damage caused by arterial embolism in the upper limb. Continuous visualization of disease changes using image visualization increases the likelihood of a good outcome.

2.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 20(10): 755-762, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679008

RESUMO

As one of the important tick-borne zoonotic pathogens, Anaplasma has both veterinary and public health significance. Here, we performed a survey of Anaplasma infection in the goats from a farm in Beijing, China, and found 44.6% (41/92) were infected with Anaplasma capra, and 22.8% (21/92) were infected with Anaplasma sp. This Anaplasma sp. bacterium was close to a recently emerging Anaplasma platys strain based on gltA and groEL gene phylogenetic analysis. As to further understand the characteristics of Anaplasma sp., we raised a couple of positive goats (n = 2) in the laboratory with tick-free settings. We observed inappetence, vomiting, high fever, and weakness of limbs in the goat's offspring (n = 3). In addition, the blood samples from all offspring were all positive of this Anaplasma spp. We did not see any intracellular morulae in neutrophils, monocytes, and erythrocytes, but we identified some in the platelets of the blood smears from the positive goats by light microscopy. We named it A. platys-like and suggested it may infect platelets and be transmitted vertically through the placenta of goats. These findings deserve further evaluation.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 59(10): 7012-7026, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339459

RESUMO

In this study, zinc-gallium oxynitrides with a Zn:Ga mole ratio of 1:1 [(GaN)0.5(ZnO)0.5] were synthesized from a Zn/Ga/CO3 layered double hydroxide (LDH) precursor. The microstructure and photoactivity of the (GaN)0.5(ZnO)0.5 particles were tuned by adjusting the nitridation conditions of the LDH. It is revealed that the quantity of the LDH, or, equivalently, the partial pressure of the water during nitridation, plays a pivotal role in the defect structure of the obtained oxynitrides. A reduction in the quantity of the LDH precursor can effectively suppress the formation of defects including Ga(Zn)-O bonding, bulk anion vacancies, and surface-deposited Ga/ON···VGa complexes, leading to a better charge-separation efficiency for the photogenerated electron-hole pairs in the oxynitride. Furthermore, a suitable introduction of methane during nitridation would not only increase the crystallinity of the bulk materials but also enhance the density of the surface oxygen vacancy (VO), which would raise the charge-injection efficiency by working as an electron trap and a reaction site to form O2•-. O2•-, as well as photogenerated holes, have been proven to be the dominant active species for the photodegradation of phenol. 25CH4-ZnGaNO, with the lowest density of bulk defects and the highest density of surface VO, exhibited the best photoactivity under visible-light irradiation for the photodegradation of Rhodamine B and phenol. The obtained surface-VO-rich (GaN)0.5(ZnO)0.5 particles can be applied as a high-performance visible-light-driven photocatalyst in the photodegradation of organic pollutants.

4.
Nature ; 583(7815): 282-285, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218527

RESUMO

The ongoing outbreak of viral pneumonia in China and across the world is associated with a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-21. This outbreak has been tentatively associated with a seafood market in Wuhan, China, where the sale of wild animals may be the source of zoonotic infection2. Although bats are probable reservoir hosts for SARS-CoV-2, the identity of any intermediate host that may have facilitated transfer to humans is unknown. Here we report the identification of SARS-CoV-2-related coronaviruses in Malayan pangolins (Manis javanica) seized in anti-smuggling operations in southern China. Metagenomic sequencing identified pangolin-associated coronaviruses that belong to two sub-lineages of SARS-CoV-2-related coronaviruses, including one that exhibits strong similarity in the receptor-binding domain to SARS-CoV-2. The discovery of multiple lineages of pangolin coronavirus and their similarity to SARS-CoV-2 suggests that pangolins should be considered as possible hosts in the emergence of new coronaviruses and should be removed from wet markets to prevent zoonotic transmission.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Eutérios/virologia , Evolução Molecular , Genoma Viral/genética , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Betacoronavirus/química , Betacoronavirus/classificação , China/epidemiologia , Quirópteros/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Reservatórios de Doenças/virologia , Genômica , Humanos , Malásia , Pandemias , Filogenia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Recombinação Genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Zoonoses/virologia
5.
J Med Entomol ; 57(4): 1270-1276, 2020 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053722

RESUMO

The importance of ticks in veterinary and medical science has received much attention. The dominant tick species in northeastern China, Ixodes persulcatus tick can transmit various pathogens to humans and animals and there are some studies on the microbiome composition of this tick. Our study characterized the bacterial communities in I. persulcatus by 16S amplicon pyrosequencing and described the differences of microorganisms in male and female tick and assessed the variation of microorganisms in the development stages in northeastern China. We mainly found the following bacteria genera: Pseudomonas (Pseudomonadales: Pseudomonadaceae), Citrobacter (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae), and Rickettsia (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae). Rickettsia is common and harmful pathogen transmitted by ticks. Meanwhile, we found there were differences between male and female tick of microbiomes, and the diversity of microbiome increased from engorged female ticks to eggs, but decreased when the eggs were molting into larvae. Our data showed that male ticks exhibited greater microbial diversity than female I. persulcatus tick and larvae presented with a different bacterial community compared to engorged female tick and hatched eggs. These findings may be useful for further understanding the interaction between I. persulcatus and microbiome biology.

6.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(7): 990-997, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341412

RESUMO

Background: The basal core promoter (BCP) double mutations (A1762T and G1764A) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been reported to be an aetiological factor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). What distinguishes the subset of HBV carriers in whom these mutations are selected? Methods: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was carried out on 218 asymptomatic HBsAg carriers infected with HBV with BCP double mutations and 191 controls infected with HBV with the wild type BCP. The highest ranking nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were validated with other study subjects, 203 cases and 181 controls. The expression of the gene nearest a SNP found to be significant was examined using RT-PCR. Results: Forty-five candidate SNPs were identified in the GWAS. Three SNPs were found to be associated with the selection of HBV BCP double mutations in the replication stage, including rs7717457 at 5p13.1, rs670011 at 17q21.2, rs2071611 at 6p22.2. Especially, rs7717457 (P= 4.57×10-5 combined P) reached the potential GWAS significance level. The expression of gene complement component 7 (C7), nearest to SNP rs7717457, differed significantly between the case and control groups (t=2.045, P=0.04), suggesting that SNP rs7717457 was associated with the expression of its nearest gene. Conclusions: SNP rs7717457 is associated with the selection of HBV BCP double mutations, providing an important clue to understanding the mechanisms of oncogenesis of HBV BCP double mutations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
7.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(3): 199-209, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the synergy of the Burkholderia signaling molecule cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF) and fluconazole (FLU) or itraconazole (ITRA) against two azole-resistant C. albicans clinical isolates in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibiotics against two azole-resistant C. albicans were measured by the checkerboard technique, E-test, and time-kill assay. In vivo antifungal synergy testing was performed on mice. Analysis of the relative gene expression levels of the strains was conducted by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: BDSF showed highly synergistic effects in combination with FLU or ITRA with a fractional inhibitory concentration index of ⪕ 0.08. BDSF was not cytotoxic to normal human foreskin fibroblast cells at concentrations of up to 300 µg/mL. The qRT-PCR results showed that the combination of BDSF and FLU/ITRA significantly inhibits the expression of the efflux pump genes CDR1 and MDR1 via suppression of the transcription factors TAC1 and MRR1, respectively, when compared with FLU or ITRA alone. No dramatic difference in the mRNA expression levels of ERG1, ERG11, and UPC2 was found, which indicates that the drug combinations do not significantly interfere with UPC2-mediated ergosterol levels. In vivo experiments revealed that combination therapy can be an effective therapeutic approach to treat candidiasis. CONCLUSION: The synergistic effects of BDSF and azoles may be useful as an alternative approach to control azole-resistant Candida infections.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/efeitos adversos , Fluconazol/farmacologia , Triazóis/metabolismo , Burkholderia cenocepacia/química , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(12)2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501038

RESUMO

InxGa1-xN nanowires (NWs) have drawn great attentions for their applications in optoelectronic and energy conversion devices. Compared to conventional substrates, metal substrates can offer InxGa1-xN NW devices with better thermal conductivity, electric conductivity, and mechanic flexibility. In this article, InxGa1-xN NWs were successfully grown on the surface of a tantalum (Ta) substrate via vapor-liquid-solid chemical vapor deposition (VLS-CVD), as characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), scanning and transmission electron microscope (STEM), and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). It was found that the surface pretreatment of Ta and the composition of metallic catalysts played important roles in the formation of NWs. A dimpled nitrided Ta surface combined with a catalyst of nickle is suitable for VLS-CVD growth of the NWs. The obtained InxGa1-xN NWs grew along the [1100] direction with the presence of basal stacking faults and an enriched indium composition of ~3 at.%. The successful VLS-CVD preparation of InxGa1-xN nanowires on Ta substrates could pave the way for the large-scale manufacture of optoelectronic devices in a more cost-effective way.

9.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 31(11): 816-828, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF) in the treatment and prevention of vaginal candidiasis in vivo. METHODS: The activities of different concentrations of BDSF against the virulence factors of Candida albicans (C. albicans) were determined in vitro. An experimental mouse model of Candida vaginitis was treated with 250 µmol/L BDSF. Treatment efficiency was evaluated in accordance with vaginal fungal burden and inflammation symptoms. RESULTS: In vitro experiments indicated that BDSF attenuated the adhesion and damage of C. albicans to epithelial cells by decreasing phospholipase secretion and blocking filament formation. Treatment with 30 µmol/L BDSF reduced the adhesion and damage of C. albicans to epithelial cells by 36.9% and 42.3%, respectively. Treatment with 200 µmol/L BDSF completely inhibited phospholipase activity. In vivo mouse experiments demonstrated that BDSF could effectively eliminate vaginal infection and relieve inflammatory symptoms. Four days of treatment with 250 µmol/L BDSF reduced vaginal fungal loads by 6-fold and depressed inflammation. Moreover, BDSF treatment decreased the expression levels of the inflammatory chemokine-associated genes MCP-1 and IGFBP3 by 2.5- and 2-fold, respectively. CONCLUSION: BDSF is a novel alternative drug that can efficiently control vaginal candidiasis by inhibiting the virulence factors of C. albicans.


Assuntos
Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/administração & dosagem , Animais , Candida albicans/metabolismo , Candida albicans/patogenicidade , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/genética , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/imunologia , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/microbiologia , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/genética , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/imunologia , Camundongos , Virulência/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 20(8): 613-617, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of golden-hour body temperature bundle management strategy on admission temperature and clinical outcome in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks after birth. METHODS: The preterm infants who were born in the delivery room of the West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University and admitted to the department of neonatology of this hospital within 1 hour after birth from December 2015 to June 2016 and from January to May, 2017 were enrolled. The 173 preterm infants who were admitted from January to May, 2017 were enrolled as the intervention group and were given golden-hour body temperature bundle management. The 164 preterm infants who were admitted from December 2015 to June 2016 were enrolled as the control group and were given conventional body temperature management. RESULTS: The intervention group had a significantly higher mean admission temperature than the control group (36.4±0.4°C vs 35.3±0.6°C; P<0.001). The incidence rate of hypothermia on admission in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group (56.6% vs 97.6%; P<0.001). The intervention group had a significantly lower incidence rate of intracranial hemorrhage within one week after admission than the control group (15.0% vs 31.7%; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Golden-hour body temperature bundle management for preterm infants within one hour after birth can reduce the incidence of hypothermia on admission and improve clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Hipotermia/terapia , Doenças do Prematuro/terapia , China , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Hospitalização , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Doenças do Prematuro/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Inorg Chem ; 57(15): 9412-9424, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028597

RESUMO

Methane-based nitridation was employed to produce wurtzite zinc-gallium oxynitride (ZnGaNO) photocatalyst particles using Zn/Ga/CO3 layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as precursor. Introduction of methane to nitridation would promote the formation of Zn-O bonding and suppress shallow acceptor complexes such as V(Zn)-Ga(Zn) and Ga-Oi in ZnGaNO particles. On the other hand, high flow rate of methane would induce breaking of Ga-N bonding and enhance surface deposition of metallic Ga atoms. After loading with Rh and RuO2, ZnGaNO particles had free electron density in an order of S50 > S20 > S90 > S0, which correlated well with their photocatalytic performance upon visible-light irradiation. The best performance of the loaded S50 was ascribed to the relatively flat surface band bending of the particle. Methane-based nitridation of Zn/Ga/CO3 LDHs would provide a new route to tune the surface chemistry of ZnGaNO and enhance the photocatalytic performance to its full potential.

12.
Exp Ther Med ; 14(4): 3623-3631, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29042957

RESUMO

Breast cancer, which is the second leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in women worldwide, develops from breast tissue. Chemotherapy is the most commonly used therapy to treat breast cancer. However, a number of natural plant-derived products have been suggested as alternative therapies to treat different types of cancer, such as breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine the anti-tumor effects of ursolic acid and its effect on apoptosis and inflammation in breast cancer cells. The anti-cancer effects of ursolic acid were evaluated in vitro using flow cytometry, western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The results suggest that ursolic acid inhibits the viability of breast cancer cells by inducing autophagy and apoptosis without inducing cell death. Cellular migration assays demonstrated that ursolic acid was able to suppress the invasive ability of breast cancer cells (P<0.05). In addition, the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway was downregulated following ursolic acid administration (P<0.05), leading to an upregulation of glycogen synthase kinase activity (P<0.05) and downregulation of B-cell lymphoma 2 (P<0.05), subsequently causing autophagy and apoptosis via cyclin-D1 inhibition and caspase-3 stimulation (P<0.05). Furthermore, the inflammatory response of breast cancer cells was assessed by measuring levels of nuclear factor (NF)-κB. Ursolic acid was found to downregulate NF-κB in breast cancer cells, thus inhibiting inflammation and preventing the progression of breast cancer (P<0.05). To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to assess the effect of ursolic acid on breast cancer cells through PI3K/AKT-regulated GSK and caspase-3 accompanied by NF-κB signaling pathways. The results of the present study regarding the potential underlying molecular mechanisms of ursolic acid may be used to develop novel therapeutic strategies for breast cancer treatment.

13.
Oncotarget ; 8(15): 25151-25157, 2017 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28212581

RESUMO

To investigate the role of the transcription factor p53 in the course of the dengue virus (DV) infection. The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell strain HepG2 with a low expression level of p53 was built by using the retroviral-mediated RNA interference technology, and was detected by Western blot. The wild group and the interference group were respectively infected by the type 2 DV. The viral titration was detected by the Vero plaque assay, the viral multiplication was detected by the immunofluorescence, the cell apoptosis after virus infection was detected by FCM and the level of IFN-ß was analyzed by ELISA. Compared to the wild group, the expression level of p53 in the interference group decreased significantly, which indicated that the HepG2 cell strain with the low expression level of p53 was successfully built. 24h after DV infection, the virus titration in the interference group was 100 times higher than that in the wild group. The result of the immunofluorescence showed that, the amount of green fluorescent cells in the interference group was significant higher than that in the wild group. It was indicated that the DV infection was inhibited by p53. However, 24h after DV infection, there was no significant difference in the amount of apoptotic cells in both groups. And the amount of IFN-ß in the wild group increased 6 times. The DV infection was inhibited by the transcription factor p53 by activating type I interferon pathway other than promoting the cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue/fisiologia , Dengue/metabolismo , Dengue/virologia , Interferon Tipo I/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Apoptose , Dengue/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Carga Viral
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 22(24): 5558-67, 2016 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27350734

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the associiations between the polymorphisms of cell cycle pathway genes and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We enrolled 1127 cases newly diagnosed with HCC from the Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and 1200 non-tumor patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University. General demographic characteristics, behavioral information, and hematological indices were collected by unified questionnaires. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral venous blood using Phenol-Chloroform. The genotyping was performed using the Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX genotyping method. The association between genetic polymorphisms and risk of HCC was shown by P-value and the odd ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using the unconditional logistic regression after adjusting for age, sex, nationality, smoking, drinking, family history of HCC, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Moreover, stratified analysis was conducted on the basis of the status of HBV infection, smoking, and alcohol drinking. RESULTS: The HCC risk was lower in patients with the MCM4 rs2305952 CC (OR = 0.22, 95%CI: 0.08-0.63, P = 0.01) and with the CHEK1 rs515255 TC, TT, TC/TT (OR = 0.73, 95%CI: 0.56-0.96, P = 0.02; OR = 0.67, 95%CI: 0.46-0.97, P = 0.04; OR = 0.72, 95%CI: 0.56-0.92, P = 0.01, respectively). Conversely, the HCC risk was higher in patients with the KAT2B rs17006625 GG (OR = 1.64, 95%CI: 1.01-2.64, P = 0.04). In addition, the risk was markedly lower for those who were carriers of MCM4 rs2305952 CC and were also HBsAg-positive and non-drinking and non-smoking (P < 0.05, respectively) and for those who were carriers of CHEK1 rs515255 TC, TT, TC/TT and were also HBsAg-negative and non-drinking (P < 0.05, respectively). Moreover, the risk was higher for those who were carriers of KAT2B rs17006625 GG and were also HBsAg-negative (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Of 12 cell cycle pathway genes, MCM4, CHEK1 and KAT2B polymorphisms may be associated with the risk of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas 14-3-3/genética , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Quinase 1 do Ponto de Checagem/genética , China/epidemiologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p18/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Feminino , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Componente 4 do Complexo de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/genética , Componente 7 do Complexo de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteína p130 Retinoblastoma-Like/genética , Proteína Smad3/genética , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta3/genética , Fosfatases cdc25/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de p300-CBP/genética
15.
World J Emerg Med ; 7(1): 50-4, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27006739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periplaneta americana extract is recognized to have a positive effect on gastrointestinal mucosa. This study aimed to investigate the effects of periplaneta americana extract on immune function, nutrition status and gastrointestinal complications of early enteral nutrition patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). METHODS: Patients with SIRS were randomly divided into two groups: treatment and control groups. All patients in the two groups received conventional therapy including enteral nutrition, but periplaneta americana extract, an additional Chinese medicine, was given to the patients in the treatment group. At the beginning of treatment (0 day) and 1, 3, and 7 days after treatment, the levels of immunoglobulin (IgA), total lymphocyte count (TLC), total protein (TP) and prealbumin (PA) were respectively tested in patients' venous blood. The incidences of bloating, diarrhea, aspiration pneumonia and high blood sugar at 7 days after treatment were recorded. The mortality of the patients in 28 days was recorded. RESULTS: At 3 and 7 days after treatment, the levels of IgA and TLC in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). At 7 days after treatment, the levels of TP and PA in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The incidences of bloating and diarrhea in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group, the differences were significant (P<0.05). The mortality of treatment group was lower than that of the control group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Periplaneta americana extract could reduce gastrointestinal complications and improve immune function and nutritional status in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome.

16.
Clin Spine Surg ; 29(3): E127-34, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007787

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: In vivo gene transfer for disk regeneration. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency and effect of human transforming growth factor ß1 (hTGFß1) gene transfer mediated by adeno-associated virus (AAV) in a rabbit disk degeneration model induced by fibronectin fragment (Fn-f). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Gene therapy for disk degeneration has been reported to be effective. Nevertheless, few investigations have targeted the degenerative nucleus pulposus (NP) cells in vivo. Fn-f-induced degeneration has been previously verified to be a useful model for the study of disk degeneration at the molecular level. AAV vector is well suited for gene transfer in the disk for its lower immunogenicity and higher safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The early dedifferentiated NP cells were transfected with rAAV2-mediated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene in vitro. Fluorescence expression was observed 48 hours later. The rabbit disk degeneration model was established with a microinjection of Fn-f. Ninety-six degenerative disks of 24 rabbits were injected with rAAV2-hTGFß1 (group A), rAAV2-EGFP (group B), or PBS (group C). Immunohistochemical staining for hTGFß1 and fluorescence observation were performed at the 1- and 12-week time points, respectively. 35S-sulfate incorporation assay and Western blot analysis were used to measure the synthesis of proteoglycan and collagen type II at 4-, 8-, and 12-week time points. RESULTS: The dedifferentiated NP cells exhibited intensive fluorescence expression in vitro, with a transfection rate of 90%. In vivo, disks in group A showed enhanced positive hTGFß1 immunostaining at the 1-week time point. At the 4-, 8-, and 12-week time points, disks in group A exhibited significantly increased proteoglycan and collagen type II synthesis compared with the other 2 groups (P<0.01). Abundant green fluorescence was observed in the disks in group B at the 12-week time point. CONCLUSIONS: Early degenerative NP cells are susceptible to AAV-mediated gene transfer in vitro and in vivo. The rapid and prolonged target protein expressions and increased matrix synthesis indicated that AAV-mediated therapeutic gene transfer can be a promising form of treatment for disk regeneration in vivo.


Assuntos
Dependovirus/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Diferenciação Celular , Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Núcleo Pulposo/patologia , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Coelhos , Transfecção
17.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 17(12): 1333-7, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26695675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the bacterial culture results of expressed breast milk. METHODS: A total of 1178 expressed breast milk samples were collected for bacterial culture. The breast milk sampled from the mothers of preterm neonates (n=615) and term neonates (n=563) who were hospitalized between May 2014 and April 2015. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in bacterial counts between the preterm and term sample groups (P>0.05). Potential intestinal pathogens were found in 55 samples (4.63%) of the 1178 samples, with no significant difference between the preterm and term sample groups (P>0.05). The second expressed milk samples from 33 mothers were cultured. Only 10 samples (30%) were found to have the same bacteria as the first time. The detection rate of bacterial load of ≥ 105 CFU/mL was higher in those samples with potential intestinal pathogens, as compared with those samples without potential intestinal pathogens (43.64% vs 14.87%; P<0.05). There was no correlation between the incidence of neonatal infections and potential intestinal pathogens in breast milk. CONCLUSIONS: Breast milk is not sterile. Bacterial loads and phylotypes are variable. Random breast milk cultures can neither describe bacterial colonies in breast milk, nor be a predictor of neonatal infection.


Assuntos
Carga Bacteriana , Leite Humano/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto
18.
Am J Chin Med ; 43(6): 1117-35, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26364660

RESUMO

Rosmarinic Acid (RA), a caffeic acid ester, has been shown to exert anti-inflammation, anti-oxidant and antiallergic effects. Our study aimed to investigate the effect of RA in sodium taurocholate ( NaTC )-induced acute pancreatitis, both in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, RA (50 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 2 h before sodium taurocholate injection. Rats were sacrificed 12 h, 24 h or 48 h after sodium taurocholate injection. Pretreatment with RA significantly ameliorated pancreas histopathological changes, decreased amylase and lipase activities in serum, lowered myeloperoxidase activity in the pancreas, reduced systematic and pancreatic interleukin-1 ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels, and inhibited NF-κB translocation in pancreas. In vitro, pretreating the fresh rat pancreatic acinar cells with 80 µ mol/L RA 2 h before 3750 nmol/L sodium taurocholate or 10 ng/L TNF-α administration significantly attenuated the reduction of isolated pancreatic acinar cell viability and inhibited the nuclear activation and translocation of NF-κB. Based on our findings, RA appears to attenuate damage in sodium taurocholate-induced acute pancreatitis and reduce the release of inflammatory cytokines by inhibiting the activation of NF-κB. These findings might provide a basis for investigating the therapeutic role of RA in managing acute pancreatits.


Assuntos
Cinamatos/administração & dosagem , Depsídeos/administração & dosagem , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Animais , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pâncreas/imunologia , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite/genética , Pancreatite/imunologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Taurocólico/efeitos adversos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
19.
J Dig Dis ; 16(1): 43-51, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25323957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic acinar cell necrosis and subsequent inflammatory response aggravate acute pancreatitis (AP). Tetraspanin CD9 has been reported to mediate inflammatory signaling by regulating molecular organization at the cell surface. This study aimed to investigate the role of CD9 in caerulein-induced AP (CIP) in mice. METHODS: The expression of CD9 was detected in CIP in mice in vivo and cholecystokinin (CCK)/recombinant mouse tumor necrosis factor (rmTNF)-α induced pancreatic acinar cell death in vitro by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunofluorescence. The roles of CD9 in pancreatic acinar cell death and inflammatory response were further studied through the deletion of CD9 expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA). RESULTS: CD9 was markedly upregulated in pancreatic tissues in mice during the early onset of CIP and was located mainly at the pancreatic acinar cell surface, which was associated with pancreatic damage. Additionally, incubation with CCK or rmTNF-α directly increased the expression of CD9 in isolated mice pancreatic acinar cells in vitro. The deletion of CD9 expression partially reversed both pancreatic acinar cell death induced by CCK and mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines produced by damaged acinar cells. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that increased CD9 expression may be involved in pancreatic injury, possibly via the promotion of cytokine expressions in CIP in mice.


Assuntos
Pancreatite/genética , Tetraspanina 29/genética , Células Acinares/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Ceruletídeo , Colecistocinina/genética , Citocinas/biossíntese , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pâncreas/fisiopatologia , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , RNA/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Regulação para Cima
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 15(7): 11957-72, 2014 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25000266

RESUMO

Catalpol, an iridoid glucoside extracted from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Rehmannia glutinosa, is reported to exert neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-apoptotic effects. The main aim of the present study was to investigate whether catalpol ameliorates experimental acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by sodium taurocholate (STC). AP was induced in rats via retrograde injection of 4% STC (0.1 mL/100 g) into the biliopancreatic duct. Rats were pre-treated with saline or catalpol (50 mg/kg) 2 h before STC injection. At 12, 24 and 48 h after injection, the severity of AP was evaluated using biochemical and morphological analyses. Pretreatment with catalpol led to a significant reduction in serum amylase and lipase activities, pancreatic histological damage, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α levels, and activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Moreover, administration of catalpol increased the viability of pancreatic acinar cells and inhibited NF-κB expression in vitro. Our results collectively support the potential of catalpol as a highly effective therapeutic agent for treatment of AP.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos Iridoides/uso terapêutico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Células Acinares/efeitos dos fármacos , Amilases/sangue , Animais , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Glucosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Lipase/sangue , Masculino , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/etiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Taurocólico/toxicidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
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