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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723399

RESUMO

This investigation developed a novel strategy for efficiently preparing glucolipids (GLs) by chemically modifying crude sophorolipids. Running this strategy, crude sophorolipids were effectively transformed into GLs through deglycosylation and de-esterification, with a yield of 54.1%. The acquired GLs were then purified via stepwise extractions, and 66.2% of GLs with 95% purity was recovered. GLs are more hydrophobic and present a stronger surface activity than acidic sophorolipids (ASLs). More importantly, these GLs displayed a superior antimicrobial activity to that of ASLs against the tested Gram-positive food pathogens, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 32-64 mg/L, except against E. coli . This activity of GLs is pH-dependent and especially more powerful under acidic conditions. The mechanism involved is possibly associated with the more efficient adsorption of GLs, as demonstrated by the hydrophobicity of the cell membrane. These GLs could be used as antimicrobial agents for food preservation and health in the food industry.

2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(1): e2252239, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701156

RESUMO

Importance: The association between an overall healthy lifestyle and the subsequent risk of microvascular complications among patients with diabetes remains unclear. Objective: To examine the association between adherence to a healthy lifestyle before and after diabetes diagnosis and the risk of subsequent microvascular complications among adults with diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included incident patients with type 2 diabetes who were free of cardiovascular disease and cancer at the time of diabetes diagnosis and completed the diabetes supplementary questionnaires in the Nurses' Health Study (in 2000 and 2005) and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (in 2000, 2004, and 2008) in the US. Data were analyzed from April to August 2021. Exposures: Diet and lifestyle factors before and after diabetes diagnosis were assessed by validated questionnaires. A healthy lifestyle consisted of nonsmoking, having a healthy body weight (a body mass index of ≥18.5 or <25), engaging in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (≥150 minutes per week), consuming a high-quality diet (top 40th percentile of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index), and moderate alcohol drinking (5-15 g/d for women and 5-30 g/d for men). Main Outcomes and Measures: Physician-diagnosed microvascular complications including diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and foot disorders were self-reported at questionnaire surveys. Results: A total of 7077 patients with type 2 diabetes were included in the cohort (4982 women in NHS and 2095 men in HPFS, mean [SD] age 61 [8.8], 94.2% White). During follow-up, 2878 patients developed microvascular complications. After multivariable adjustment, adherence to a healthy lifestyle before and after diabetes diagnosis were both associated with a lower risk of developing microvascular complications. The relative risk (RR) for participants with 4 or more low-risk lifestyle factors before diabetes diagnosis compared with zero was 0.73 (95% CI, 0.60-0.91) for any microvascular complications, 0.71 (95% CI, 0.54-0.93) for diabetic neuropathy, 0.76 (95% CI, 0.57-1.01) for diabetic retinopathy, 0.42 (95% CI, 0.23-0.79) for diabetic nephropathy, and 0.60 (95% CI, 0.35-1.00) for diabetic foot disorders. Similar results were observed for adherence to a healthy lifestyle after diabetes diagnosis, with an RR of 0.68 (95% CI, 0.55-0.83) for any microvascular complications, 0.67 (95% CI, 0.51-0.88) for diabetic neuropathy, 0.65 (95% CI, 0.48-0.86) for diabetic retinopathy, 0.57 (95% CI, 0.34-0.98) for diabetic nephropathy, and 0.62 (95% CI, 0.37-1.05) for diabetic foot disorders. In addition, greater improvement in lifestyle factors from before to after diabetes diagnosis was also significantly associated with a lower risk of neuropathy or total microvascular complications. Each increment in number of low-risk lifestyle factors was associated with a 6% (RR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.90-0.98) lower risk for any microvascular complications and a 9% (RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.86-0.96) lower risk for diabetic neuropathy. Consistent results were observed when analyses were stratified by age at diabetes diagnosis, sex/cohort, or lifestyle factors before diabetes diagnosis. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, adhering to an overall healthy lifestyle was associated with a significantly lower risk of microvascular complications among individuals with diabetes. These findings suggest substantial reduction in the burden of microvascular complications associated with adopting a healthy lifestyle among patients with type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Pé Diabético , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Retinopatia Diabética , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/etiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Nefropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Seguimentos , Estudos Prospectivos , Pé Diabético/complicações , Estilo de Vida Saudável
3.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 120, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624093

RESUMO

IRE1α-XBP1 signaling is emerging as a central orchestrator of malignant progression and immunosuppression in various cancer types. Employing a computational XBP1s detection method applied to TCGA datasets, we demonstrate that expression of the XBP1s mRNA isoform predicts poor survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Ablation of IRE1α in malignant cells delays tumor progression and extends survival in mouse models of NSCLC. This protective effect is accompanied by alterations in intratumoral immune cell subsets eliciting durable adaptive anti-cancer immunity. Mechanistically, cancer cell-intrinsic IRE1α activation sustains mPGES-1 expression, enabling production of the immunosuppressive lipid mediator prostaglandin E2. Accordingly, restoring mPGES-1 expression in IRE1αKO cancer cells rescues normal tumor progression. We have developed an IRE1α gene signature that predicts immune cell infiltration and overall survival in human NSCLC. Our study unveils an immunoregulatory role for cancer cell-intrinsic IRE1α activation and suggests that targeting this pathway may help enhance anti-tumor immunity in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Endorribonucleases , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Endorribonucleases/genética , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína 1 de Ligação a X-Box/genética , Proteína 1 de Ligação a X-Box/metabolismo
4.
Cell Regen ; 12(1): 2, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595106

RESUMO

Myelopoiesis is the process in which the mature myeloid cells, including monocytes/macrophages and granulocytes, are developed. Irregular myelopoiesis may cause and deteriorate a variety of hematopoietic malignancies such as leukemia. Myeloid cells and their precursors are difficult to capture in circulation, let alone observe them in real time. For decades, researchers had to face these difficulties, particularly in in-vivo studies. As a unique animal model, zebrafish possesses numerous advantages like body transparency and convenient genetic manipulation, which is very suitable in myelopoiesis research. Here we review current knowledge on the origin and regulation of myeloid development and how zebrafish models were applied in these studies.

5.
Life Sci ; 313: 121284, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529280

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), an important biomarker of human health, is impaired in cold environment compared to thermoneutral condition. The study aimed to investigate the role of metabolome response to acute exercise in regulation of CRF at different ambient temperatures. MAIN METHODS: A total of 27 young adults were recruited, and each subject underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and a constant load submaximal exercise at both room temperature (25 °C) and cold temperature (0 °C). The serum samples were collected before and immediately after constant load exercise. KEY FINDINGS: Acute cold exposure decreased CRF by 41 %, accompanied by a metabolic shift to anaerobic respiration. It also decreased VO2 and increased respiratory quotient during constant load exercise. Metabolome profiling revealed that acute exercise reprogrammed serum metabolome in an ambient temperature-dependent manner. Specifically, exercise increased a cluster of fatty acids during cold exposure, possibly due to impaired fatty acid oxidation. The correlations between metabolite responses to acute exercise and exercise parameters were analyzed using partial least squares regression and machine learning, revealing that metabolite responses to acute exercise were highly correlated with exercise parameters and predictive of CRF. Among the contributors, tryptophan and its metabolites stood out as important ones. SIGNIFICANCE: These results suggested that the metabolite responses to acute submaximal exercise unmasks the exercise performance at different ambient temperatures, highlighting the role of metabolite orchestration in the physiological regulation of CRF.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Temperatura , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Temperatura Baixa , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia
6.
Zool Res ; 44(1): 183-218, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579404

RESUMO

The innate immune system protects the host from external pathogens and internal damage in various ways. The cGAS-STING signaling pathway, comprised of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS), stimulator of interferon genes (STING), and downstream signaling adaptors, plays an essential role in protective immune defense against microbial DNA and internal damaged-associated DNA and is responsible for various immune-related diseases. After binding with DNA, cytosolic cGAS undergoes conformational change and DNA-linked liquid-liquid phase separation to produce 2'3'-cGAMP for the activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized STING. However, further studies revealed that cGAS is predominantly expressed in the nucleus and strictly tethered to chromatin to prevent binding with nuclear DNA, and functions differently from cytosolic-localized cGAS. Detailed delineation of this pathway, including its structure, signaling, and regulatory mechanisms, is of great significance to fully understand the diversity of cGAS-STING activation and signaling and will be of benefit for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and cancer. Here, we review recent progress on the above-mentioned perspectives of the cGAS-STING signaling pathway and discuss new avenues for further study.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/química , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , DNA
7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(3): 1947-1956, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541372

RESUMO

Similar to microhydrated hydroperoxide anion HOO-(H2O)n, the HOO-(NH3)n=1-3 anion can induce alternative nucleophiles by proton transfer (PT) from the solvent molecule NH3. The PT-induced species NH2-(H2O2)(NH3)n-1 is higher in energy than HOO-(NH3)n, obeying the proton affinity (PA) prediction that HOO- has a higher PA than NH2-. The potential energy profile of HOO-(NH3)n reacting with CH3Cl shows that the transition states of the traditional HOO--SN2 pathway are ∼10 kcal mol-1 lower in energy than those of the PT-induced NH2--SN2 pathway, indicating the latter path is unlikely to compete. The differential solvation energy for reactants and transition states with incremental solvation increases the barrier height of both HOO--/NH2--SN2 pathways and makes the transition structures more product-like. For HOO-(sol)n + CH3Cl → CH3OOH + Cl-(sol)n reactions, the barrier heights for sol = H2O are higher than those for sol = NH3, because H2O is more polar than NH3, and the electrostatic interaction is strengthened, hence H2O molecules stabilize the microsolvated nucleophiles more. In addition, because the H2O molecule is a better proton donor than the NH3 molecule, the PT-induced HO-SN2 pathway is more likely to compete with the HOO-SN2 pathway. The HOMO level of nucleophiles, which negatively correlates with the SN2 barrier heights, is found to be a good descriptor to predict the SN2 barrier height of a microsolvated system with the same attacking nucleophile. This work adds to our understanding of the differential solvent effect on the prototype ion-molecule SN2 reactions.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(2): 1133-1138, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514985

RESUMO

Epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) materials, which manifest a wealth of exotic optical characteristics, have attracted significant research interest in recent years. However, these characteristics have rarely been considered in the study of near-field radiative heat transfer (NFRHT). In this work, we investigated the ENZ characteristics of the NFRHT between two symmetric biaxial α-MoO3 slabs. The numerical results show that the NFRHT is greatly enhanced around the ENZ frequency of 1.604 × 1014 rad s-1. Notably, near the other two ENZ frequencies (1.832 × 1014 rad s-1 and 1.891 × 1014 rad s-1), only the NFRHT between α-MoO3 slabs of certain thicknesses is enhanced. The reasons can be explained by the fact that the VHPs can be excited in almost all azimuthal angles at angular frequencies of 1.604 × 1014 rad s-1 and 1.891 × 1014 rad s-1. For the ENZ frequency of 1.832 × 1014 rad s-1, the VHPs can be excited at the top and bottom, while the SHPs excited at the left and right sides. It is worth noting that both the hyperbolic and ENZ characteristics affect the NFRHT between α-MoO3 slabs. Moreover, the excitation is strongly dependent on the thickness of the slab. Our findings contribute to understanding the physical mechanisms underlying the characteristics of the NFRHT at ENZ frequencies.

9.
Lupus ; : 9612033221143935, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-disclosure may enhance positive illness perceptions, whereas patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) always facing negative illness perceptions due to multiple reasons, so elucidation of factors affecting self-disclosure may facilitate the development of quality of life. METHODS: A total of 161 hospitalized patients with SLE were recruited. Scales on demographic and clinical characteristics, self-disclosure, psychosocial status (e.g. Social Support Rating Scale - SSRS) and quality of life were used to collect related information from clients. Univariate analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test or chi-square test, and multivariate analysis by ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: Social support, drinking, depression and cause of hospitalization were found to be influencing factors of self-disclosure. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that the significant and independent factors associated with self-disclosure in patients with SLE were social support, drinking and depression. Domains of LupusQoL, except physical health and fatigue, were positively correlated with self-disclosure. CONCLUSIONS: With the increase of social support, the level of self-disclosure become worse, drinking, depression and cause of hospitalization are risk factors for it. Moreover, the level of self-disclosure is positively related to the LupusQoL. Medical staff should formulate effective measures according to the results to improve self-disclosure in patients with SLE and promote their quality of life.

10.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473201

RESUMO

Despite activated autophagy ameliorating hepatocyte steatosis and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), mechanisms underlying the beneficial roles of autophagy in hepatic deregulation of lipid metabolism remain undefined. We explored whether autophagy can ameliorate oleic acid (OA)-induced hepatic steatosis by suppressing pyroptosis. Pyroptosis is involved in hepatocyte steatosis induced by OA. In addition, autophagy flux was blocked in OA-treated hepatocytes. Treatment with OA induced lipid accumulation in liver cell line L-02, which was attenuated by rapamycin (Rap), an autophagy agonist, while aggravated by autophagy inhibitor bafilomycin A1 (Baf A1). Inversely, treatment with pyroptotic agonist Nigericin aggravated OA-induced hepatic steatosis, while pyroptosis antagonist disulfiram ameliorated this effect. Mechanistically, treatment with Rap downregulated the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins, including NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-18, GSDMD expression evoked by OA, thus improving pyroptosis in hepatic steatosis. Significantly, overexpression of ATG5 obviously downregulated cleaved caspase-1 expressions without altering the total caspase1 expressions in hepatic cell steatosis. Taken together, our studies strongly demonstrated that the activation of ATG5 inhibits pyroptosis to improve hepatic steatosis and suggest autophagy activation as a potential therapeutic strategy for pyroptosis-mediated MAFLD.

11.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; 78: 102182, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonists therapies have been recommended for pulmonary arterial hypertension in many countries. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the specific impact of non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonists on pulmonary hypertension and to explore the influence of study characteristics on results. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov were systematically searched from inception to July 12, 2022. Randomized controlled trials comparing non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonists administration with placebo for treating pulmonary hypertension were included. Two researchers independently selected eligible studies, assessed the bias risk and extracted related data. RevMan5.1 was used for performing the statistical analysis and the assessment of bias risk of the enrolled studies. PROSPERO registered number CRD42022304172. RESULTS: Seven trials involving 1727 patients were included. Pooled analyses indicated non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonists significantly reduced clinical worsening events (risk ratio [RR], 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.74), increased 6-min walk distance (mean difference [MD], 10 m; 95% CI, 3-17 m), decreased pulmonary vascular resistance (MD, -121 dyn s/cm5; 95% CI, -172 to -69 dyn s/cm5) and increased cardiac index (MD, 0.38 L/min/m2; 95% CI, 0.26-0.50 L/min/m2) compared with the control. No significant differences in all-cause mortality (RR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.26 to 2.78), NYHA/WHO functional class (RR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.61 to 2.18), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MD, -0.88 mmHg; 95% CI, -2.20 to 0.44 mmHg), right atrial pressure (MD, 0.66 mmHg; 95% CI, -0.59 to 1.90 mmHg) and total adverse events (RR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.99 to 1.10) were found between non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonists group and control group. CONCLUSION: Non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonists treatment exerted benefits on clinical worsening, pulmonary vascular resistance, and cardiac index in pulmonary hypertension patients, without increasing the incidence of total adverse events.

12.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 964193, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466264

RESUMO

In China, citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) disease is caused by the Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus bacterium, which is carried by the Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Kuwayama. It was hypothesized that the epidemic of the HLB may related with the rate of bacterium presence in the insect vector and bacterium content in plant tissues, as well as the phyllosphere microbe communities changes. This study systematically analyzed the presence or absence of Ca. L. asiaticus in citrus tree leaves and in the insect vector D. citri over a 6-year period using real-time PCR. In addition, changes in the number of bacteria carried by D. citri over 12 months were quantified, as well as the relationship between the proportion of D. citri carrying Ca. L. asiaticus and the proportion of plants infected with Ca. L. asiaticus were analyzed. Results showed that the proportion of D. citri carrying bacteria was stable and relatively low from January to September. The bacteria in citrus leaves relatively low in spring and summer, then peaked in December. The proportion of D. citri carrying bacteria gradually declined from 2014 to 2019. The proportion of D. citri carrying Ca. L. asiaticus showed a significant positive correlation with the proportion of diseased citrus. The phyllosphere bacterial and fungal communities on the healthy citrus leaf were significantly different with the disease leaf in April and December. Pathogenic invasions change the citrus phyllosphere microbial community structure. It could be summarized that citrus Huanglongbing correlated with incidence of Diaphorina citri carrying Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and citrus phyllosphere microbiome.

13.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(23)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36501639

RESUMO

The development of smart hydrogel with excellent mechanical properties and photothermal conversion capability is helpful in expending its application fields. Herein, a MXene/gelatin/polyacrylamide (M/G/PAM) nanocomposite double network (NDN) hydrogel was synthesized by γ-ray radiation technology for the first time. Compared with gelatin/polyacrylamide double network hydrogel, the optimized resultant M3/G/PAM NDN hydrogel shows better mechanical properties (tensile strength of 634 ± 10 kPa, compressive strength of 3.44 ± 0.12 MPa at a compression ratio of 90%). The M3/G/PAM NDN hydrogel exhibits a faster heating rate of 30 °C min-1, stable photothermal ability, and mechanical properties even after 20 cycles of on-off 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation (1.0 W cm-2). Furthermore, the temperature of M3/G/PAM NDN hydrogel can be increased rapidly from 25 °C to 90 °C in 10 s and could reach 145 °C in 120 s under irradiation by focused NIR laser irradiation (56.6 W cm-2). The high mechanical property and photothermal properties of M/G/PAM hydrogel are ascribed to the formation of double network and uniform hydrogen bonding between MXene and gelatin and PAM polymers. This work paves the way for construction of photothermal hydrogels with excellent mechanical properties.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1038828, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36507394

RESUMO

As a typical dioecious species, Zanthoxylum armatum establishes apomictic reproduction, hence only female trees are cultivated. However, male and hermaphrodite flowers have recently appeared in female plants, resulting in a dramatic yield reduction. To date, the genetic basis underlying sex determination and apomixis in Z. armatum has been largely unknown. Here, we observed abortion of the stamen or carpel prior to primordium initiation, thus corroborating the potential regulation of MADS-box in sex determination. In Z. armatum, a total of 105 MADS-box genes were identified, harboring 86 MIKC-type MADSs with lack of FLC orthologues. Transcriptome analysis revealed candidate MADSs involved in floral organ identity, including ten male-biased MADSs, represented by ZaMADS92/81/75(AP3/PI-like), and twenty-six female-specified, represented by ZaMADS80/49 (STK/AGL11-like) and ZaMADS42 (AG-like). Overexpressing ZaMADS92 resulted in earlier flowering, while ZaMADS80 overexpression triggered precocious fruit set and parthenocarpy as well as dramatic modifications in floral organs. To characterize their regulatory mechanisms, a comprehensive protein-protein interaction network of the represented MADSs was constructed based on yeast two-hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays. Compared with model plants, the protein interaction patterns in Z. armatum exhibited both conservation and divergence. ZaMADS70 (SEP3-like) interacted with ZaMADS42 and ZaMADS48 (AP3-like) but not ZaMADS40 (AP1-like), facilitating the loss of petals in Z. armatum. The ZaMADS92/ZaMADS40 heterodimer could be responsible for accelerating flowering in ZaMADS92-OX lines. Moreover, the interactions between ZaMADS80 and ZaMADS67(AGL32-like) might contribute to apomixis. This work provides new insight into the molecular mechanisms of MADS-boxes in sex organ identity in Z. armatum.

15.
Nanomicro Lett ; 15(1): 8, 2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477664

RESUMO

To date, hydrogels have gained increasing attentions as a flexible conductive material in fabricating soft electronics. However, it remains a big challenge to integrate multiple functions into one gel that can be used widely under various conditions. Herein, a kind of multifunctional hydrogel with a combination of desirable characteristics, including remarkable transparency, high conductivity, ultra-stretchability, toughness, good fatigue resistance, and strong adhesive ability is presented, which was facilely fabricated through multiple noncovalent crosslinking strategy. The resultant versatile sensors are able to detect both weak and large deformations, which owns a low detection limit of 0.1% strain, high stretchability up to 1586%, ultrahigh sensitivity with a gauge factor up to 18.54, as well as wide pressure sensing range (0-600 kPa). Meanwhile, the fabrication of conductive hydrogel-based sensors is demonstrated for various soft electronic devices, including a flexible human-machine interactive system, the soft tactile switch, an integrated electronic skin for unprecedented nonplanar visualized pressure sensing, and the stretchable triboelectric nanogenerators with excellent biomechanical energy harvesting ability. This work opens up a simple route for multifunctional hydrogel and promises the practical application of soft and self-powered wearable electronics in various complex scenes.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542201

RESUMO

Subcortical brain regions play essential roles in the pathology of social anxiety disorder (SAD). While adolescence is the peak period of SAD, the relationships between altered development of the subcortical regions during this period and SAD are still unclear. This study investigated the age-dependent alterations in structural co-variance among subcortical regions and between subcortical and cortical regions, aiming to reflect aberrant coordination during development in the adolescent with SAD. High-resolution T1-weighted images were obtained from 76 adolescents with SAD and 67 healthy controls (HC), ranging from 11 to 17.9 years. Symptom severity was evaluated with the Social Anxiety Scale for Children (SASC) and the Depression Self Rating Scale for Children (DSRS-C). Structural co-variance and sliding age-window analyses were used to detect age-dependent group differences in inter-regional coordination patterns among subcortical regions and between subcortical and cortical regions. The volume of the striatum significantly correlated with SAD symptom severity. The SAD group exhibited significantly enhanced structural co-variance among key regions of the striatum (putamen and caudate). While the co-variance decreased with age in healthy adolescents, the co-variance in SAD adolescents stayed high, leading to more apparent group differences in middle adolescence. Moreover, the striatum's mean structural co-variance with cortical regions decreased with age in HC but increased with age in SAD. Adolescents with SAD suffer aberrant developmental coordination among the key regions of the striatum and between the striatum and cortical regions. The degree of incoordination is age-dependent, which may represent a neurodevelopmental trait of SAD.

17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566808

RESUMO

To promote natural waste resource utilization, a novel biocomposite, composed of waste crab shells and poly (lactic acid) matrix, was developed by combining chemical treatment and 3D printing. A crab shell powder (ISCSP) with an abundant porous structure and a high specific surface area was obtained by treatment with hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide. Importantly, under the optimal printing parameters determined by the finite element analysis, test samples, and porous bones were successfully printed using CSP/PLA composites by a commercial fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printer. The morphology, mechanical and thermal properties, antibacterial properties, and biocompatibility of the CSP/PLA composites were then assessed. Our results revealed that the tensile strength and flexural strength of the ISCSP/PLA composites reached 58.71 and 90.11 MPa, which were 28.6 % and 28.8 % higher than that of pure PLA, respectively. The glass transition and melting temperatures of the composites remained similar to those of pure PLA. Interestingly, the addition of CSP increased PLA crystallinity, which could be attributed to the nucleation effect of CSP in the system. The antibacterial activity of the PLA-1.5ESCSP composite samples against Escherichia coli (E. coli) was greater than 99 %. More importantly, the live/dead assay showed that the CSP/PLA composites possessed excellent biocompatibility. Therefore, the developed CSP/PLA biocomposites are potential feedstocks for 3D printing in bone tissue engineering and may be used as graft substitutes in reparative and reconstructive surgery. They are especially beneficial due to their superior mechanical and thermal properties, excellent antibacterial activities, and significant biocompatibility.

18.
Cereb Cortex ; 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573454

RESUMO

To investigate the neural mechanisms underlying the association between poorer working memory performance and higher body mass index (BMI) in children. We employed structural-(sMRI) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a 2-back working memory task to examine brain abnormalities and their associations with BMI and working memory performance in 232 children with overweight/obesity (OW/OB) and 244 normal weight children (NW) from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development dataset. OW/OB had lower working memory accuracy, which was associated with higher BMI. They showed smaller gray matter (GM) volumes in the left superior frontal gyrus (SFG_L), dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, medial orbital frontal cortex, and medial superior frontal gyrus, which were associated with lower working memory accuracy. During the working memory task, OW/OB relative to NW showed weaker activation in the left superior temporal pole, amygdala, insula, and bilateral caudate. In addition, caudate activation mediated the relationship between higher BMI and lower working memory accuracy. Higher BMI is associated with smaller GM volumes and weaker brain activation in regions involved with working memory. Task-related caudate dysfunction may account for lower working memory accuracy in children with higher BMI.

19.
Nutrients ; 14(23)2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36501094

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to associate the anti-inflammatory dietary diversity and depressive symptoms among a nationwide sample of Chinese older adults. We used data from the 2018 wave of Chinese longitudinal healthy longevity survey (CLHLS). We assessed depressive symptoms using the 10 items of the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D-10). Based on the dietary diversity index (DDI) generated by previous studies, we construct two novel indicators: the protein-enriched dietary diversity index diet (PEDDI) and the anti-inflammatory dietary diversity index diet (AIDDI). We used multivariate logistic models to evaluate the associations of DDI, PEDDI, and AIDDI with depressive symptoms, statistically adjusted for a range of potential confounders. A total of 12,192 participants (mean age 83.6 years) were included in the analysis. We found that participants with a higher score of DDI (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.89-0.92) and PEDDI (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.88-0.93) showed lower odds of having depressive symptoms, while the association between AIDDI and depressive symptoms was more marked (OR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.78-0.83). The associations remained in subgroup analyses and sensitivity analyses. The results indicate that intaking diversified diet, particularly anti-inflammatory foods, may be associated with a lower risk of depressive symptoms. The findings of this study, if confirmed as causal, provide evidence that an intervention of adopting an anti-inflammatory diversified diet may reduce the burden of depression among older adults.


Assuntos
Depressão , Dieta , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Anti-Inflamatórios
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(24)2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555536

RESUMO

Previously, we developed a simple procedure of intracameral injection of silicone oil (SO) into mouse eyes and established the mouse SOHU (SO-induced ocular hypertension under-detected) glaucoma model with reversible intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation and significant glaucomatous neurodegeneration. Because the anatomy of the non-human primate (NHP) visual system closely resembles that of humans, it is the most likely to predict human responses to diseases and therapies. Here we tried to replicate the mouse SOHU glaucoma model in rhesus macaque monkeys. All six animals that we tested showed significant retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death, optic nerve (ON) degeneration, and visual functional deficits at both 3 and 6 months. In contrast to the mouse SOHU model, however, IOP changed dynamically in these animals, probably due to individual differences in ciliary body tolerance capability. Further optimization of this model is needed to achieve consistent IOP elevation without permanent damage of the ciliary body. The current form of the NHP SOHU model recapitulates the severe degeneration of acute human glaucoma, and is therefore suitable for assessing experimental therapies for neuroprotection and regeneration, and therefore for translating relevant findings into novel and effective treatments for patients with glaucoma and other neurodegenerations.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Hipertensão Ocular , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Macaca mulatta , Óleos de Silicone , Glaucoma/metabolismo , Hipertensão Ocular/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão Ocular/metabolismo , Pressão Intraocular , Modelos Animais de Doenças
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