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1.
J Affect Disord ; 296: 322-336, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation, a significant risk factor of suicide, is considered a potential trigger for intervention prior to self-harm or suicide; however, the prevalence of maternal suicidal ideation varied widely between studies. This review aims to synthesis the available evidence to estimate the prevalence of maternal suicidal ideation before and after pregnancy. METHODS: We searched six English databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, CINAHL) and three Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wang Fang, Chinese Biomedical Literature Databases) from database inceptions before August 31, 2020; and checked the reference list for relevant studies. Data in the included studies were used to calculate the prevalence of maternal suicidal ideation. Subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed to detect the potential sources of heterogeneity. RESULTS: 6094 potentially studies were identified. 71 studies, including 23 cohort studies, 47 cross-sectional studies, and 1 RCT study, were included for final analysis. The total participants were 92146, with sample size ranged from 23 to 22118. The included studies were from 23 different countries distributing on six continents, most of the studies were conducted in Asia (n = 18), North America (n = 16), and South America (n = 15). The pooled prevalence of maternal suicidal ideation reported by eligible studies was 8% (95% CI 7-10%), with 10% in antenatal and 7% in postpartum. Prevalence significantly varied based on measuring tools, study design, study countries, and publication year, while prevalence was not conditional on the time-point assessment, sample size, and maternal age. LIMITATION: Obvious heterogeneity and no standardization tools for measuring suicidal ideation may limit the results' interpretation. CONCLUSION: Our systematic review reported the prevalence of suicidal ideation in pregnancy and postpartum was 8%. Future studies should establish standardization tools for measuring suicidal ideation and identify strategies of prevention and treatment.

2.
Food Chem ; 372: 131216, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638067

RESUMO

Baijiu is a distilled liquor of great importance in the food industry. Various aroma types, brands, and grades of Baijiu have filled the market; thus, discrimination for quality control is required. Herein, we constructed a novel colorimetric sensor array based on the redox reaction between silver nitrate and o-phenylenediamine or its derivatives for the discrimination of carbonyl flavor compounds (CFCs) and Baijius. The specific colored products were changed by CFCs depending on the influence of silver nanoparticle aggregation and chemical reactions. The array was used to qualitatively and quantitatively identify 21 CFCs with fast response (<14 min), wide linear range (0.025-25 mmol/L), and low detection limits (<60 µmol/L, 29 nmol/L for carboxylic acids). Finally, the array was successfully applied to the discrimination of 56 Baijius. The method proposed in this study is simple, fast, reliable, and has good application potential for the visual determination of Chinese Baijiu.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , China , Colorimetria , Fenilenodiaminas , Prata , Nitrato de Prata
3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 570, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irisin is a novel myokine associated with obesity, which is a traditional cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). The present study aimed to investigate the association between serum irisin and a single CVRF as well as the clustering of CVRFs among Chinese overweight/obese population. METHODS: A total of 98 overweight and 93 obese subjects without clinical treatments were enrolled in this study. Subjects were then divided into two groups, based on the serum irisin level: a low irisin group (1.10-13.44 ng/ml) and a high irisin group (13.49-29.9 ng/ml). The clustering of CVRFs, smoking, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and hypertension, was classified as 0, 1, 2 and ≥ 3 CVRFs. The demographic and baseline clinical characteristics of all participants were collected and serum irisin was measured. RESULTS: The high serum irisin group had significantly higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol but lower fasting plasma glucose than the low serum irisin group. Additionally, the high serum irisin group had a significantly lower prevalence of smoking, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia than the low serum irisin group. Increased serum irisin was significantly associated with a reduced risk of smoking and dyslipidemia in both the unadjusted and adjusted models. Furthermore, high serum irisin significantly reduced the risk of the prevalence of 1, 2 and ≥ 3 CVRFs. CONCLUSIONS: among the Chinese overweight/obese populations, high serum irisin is negatively associated with smoking, dyslipidemia and the clustering of CVRFs. Thus, high serum irisin is potentially associated with a low risk of cardiovascular diseases in the Chinese overweight/obese population.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 759843, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777254

RESUMO

Diabetic osteoporosis (DOP) belongs to secondary osteoporosis caused by diabetes; it has the characteristics of high morbidity and high disability. In the present study, we constructed a type 1 diabetic rat model and administered chondroitin sulfate (200 mg/kg) for 10 weeks to observe the preventive effect of chondroitin sulfate on the bone loss of diabetic rats. The results showed that chondroitin sulfate can reduce blood glucose and relieve symptoms of diabetic rats; in addition, it can significantly increase the bone mineral density, improve bone microstructure, and reduce bone marrow adipocyte number in diabetic rats; after 10 weeks of chondroitin sulfate administration, the SOD activity level was upregulated, as well as CAT levels, indicating that chondroitin sulfate can alleviate oxidative stress in diabetic rats. Chondroitin sulfate was also found to reduce the level of serum inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, and MCP-1) and alleviate the inflammation in diabetic rats; bone metabolism marker detection results showed that chondroitin sulfate can reduce bone turnover in diabetic rats (decreased RANKL, CTX-1, ALP, and TRACP 5b levels were observed after 10 weeks of chondroitin sulfate administration). At the same time, the bone OPG and RUNX 2 expression levels were higher after chondroitin sulfate treatment, the bone RANKL expression was lowered, and the OPG/RANKL ratio was upregulated. All of the above indicated that chondroitin sulfate could prevent STZ-induced DOP and repair bone microstructure; the main mechanism was through anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, and regulating bone metabolism. Chondroitin sulfate could be used to develop anti-DOP functional foods and diet interventions for diabetes.

5.
Front Genet ; 12: 777094, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777485

RESUMO

Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a clinically heterogeneous group of cancers. While some patients respond well to chemotherapy, we describe here a subgroup with distinct molecular features that has very poor prognosis under chemotherapy. The classification of AML relies substantially on cytogenetics, but most cytogenetic abnormalities do not offer targets for development of targeted therapeutics. Therefore, it is important to create a detailed molecular characterization of the subgroup most in need of new targeted therapeutics. Methods: We used a multi-omics approach to identify a molecular subgroup with the worst response to chemotherapy, and to identify promising drug targets specifically for this AML subgroup. Results: Multi-omics clustering analysis resulted in three primary clusters among 166 AML adult cancer cases in TCGA data. One of these clusters, which we label as the high-risk molecular subgroup (HRMS), consisted of cases that responded very poorly to standard chemotherapy, with only about 10% survival to 2 years. The gene TP53 was mutated in most cases in this subgroup but not in all of them. The top six genes over-expressed in the HRMS subgroup included E2F4, CD34, CD109, MN1, MMLT3, and CD200. Multi-omics pathway analysis using RNA and CNA expression data identified in the HRMS subgroup over-activated pathways related to immune function, cell proliferation, and DNA damage. Conclusion: A distinct subgroup of AML patients are not successfully treated with chemotherapy, and urgently need targeted therapeutics based on the molecular features of this subgroup. Potential drug targets include over-expressed genes E2F4, and MN1, as well as mutations in TP53, and several over-activated molecular pathways.

6.
Nanomedicine ; : 102491, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781040

RESUMO

We previously reported that co-delivery of dihydroartemisinin and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) siRNAs, using cell penetrating peptide (TAT)-modified cationic liposomes (TAT-CLs-DHA/siRNA), resulted in promising activity for the treatment of inflammatory disease through TLR4 signaling pathway. In the current study, we further investigated the therapeutic effects of TAT-CLs-DHA/siRNA on lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice and explored its effects on B cell responses. In vitro, we found that TAT-CLs-DHA/siRNA suppressed the proliferation and activation of B cells through the TLR4 signaling pathway. Following parenteral administration every 4days, TAT-CLs-DHA/siRNA significantly reduced proteinuria, glomerulonephritis, serum anti-dsDNA antibody and secretion of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, IL-17 and IL-21. Moreover, Western blotting showed that TAT-CLs-DHA/siRNA modulated the B-cell intrinsic pathway by downregulating expression of HMGB1, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB. This co-delivery system thus represents a promising treatment option for lupus nephritis, and also highlights a novel target of lupus treatment through B cell TLR4 signal pathway.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789918

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is one of the major causes of drug-induced acute liver injury, and ethanol may aggravate APAP-induced liver injury. The problem of ethanol- and APAP-induced liver injury becomes increasingly prominent, but the mechanism of ethanol- and APAP-induced liver injury remains ambiguous. p38γ is one of the four isoforms of P38 mitogen activated protein kinases, that contributes to inflammation in different diseases. In this study we investigated the role of p38γ in ethanol- and APAP-induced liver injury. Liver injury was induced in male C57BL/6 J mice by giving liquid diet containing 5% ethanol (v/v) for 10 days, followed by gavage of ethanol (25% (v/v), 6 g/kg) once or injecting APAP (200 mg/kg, ip), or combined the both treatments. We showed that ethanol significantly aggravated APAP-induced liver injury in C57BL/6 J mice. Moreover, the expression level of p38γ was up-regulated in the liver of ethanol-, APAP- and ethanol+APAP-treated mice. Knockdown of p38γ markedly attenuated liver injury, inflammation, and steatosis in ethanol+APAP-treated mice. Liver sections of p38γ-knockdown mice displayed lower levels of Oil Red O stained dots and small leaky shapes. AML-12 cells were exposed to APAP (5 mM), ethanol (100 mM) or combined treatments. We showed that P38γ was markedly increased in ethanol+APAP-treated AML-12 cells, whereas knockdown of p38γ significantly inhibited inflammation, lipid accumulation and oxidative stress in ethanol+APAP-treated AML-12 cells. Furthermore, we revealed that p38γ could combine with Dlg1, a member of membrane-associated guanylate kinase family. Deletion of p38γ up-regulated the expression level of Dlg1 in ethanol+APAP-treated AML-12 cells. In summary, our results suggest that p38γ functions as an important regulator in ethanol- and APAP-induced liver injury through modulation of Dlg1.

8.
Front Physiol ; 12: 691867, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744757

RESUMO

Aims: The underlying mechanism of diabetic enteropathy, a common complication of type 1 diabetes, remains unclear. Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is a ubiquitous type of Ca2+ influx involved in various cellular functions. Here, we show that SOCE-related stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and Orai1 participate in inappropriate cellular Ca2+ homeostasis, augmenting agonist-induced small intestinal smooth muscle contraction and small bowel transit speed in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes. Methods and Results: We used small interfering (si)RNA to suppress STIM1 and Orai1 proteins, and employed intracellular Ca2+, small intestinal contraction and intestinal transit speed measurement to investigate the functional change. We found that SOCE activity and Orai1 and STIM1 expression levels of small intestinal smooth muscle were significantly increased in cells cultured in high glucose medium or in diabetic mice. Gastrointestinal transit speed and SOCE-mediated contractions were markedly increased in diabetic mice; Knocking down Orai1 or STIM1 with siRNA rescued both alterations in diabetic mice. However, the Orai1-large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channel interaction was decreased in diabetic mice, and suppressing Orai1 expression or inhibiting the BKCa channel increased agonist-induced small intestinal contractions in normal mice. Conclusion: We concluded that the increased SOCE caused by excessive STIM1 and Orai1 expression and decreased Orai1-BKCa interaction augmented small intestinal smooth muscle contraction and accelerated small bowel transit speed in diabetic mice. This finding demonstrates a pathological role for SOCE in diabetic enteropathy and provides a potential therapeutic target for diabetic enteropathy.

9.
Genome Med ; 13(1): 175, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The human leukocyte antigen class I (HLA-I) genotype has been linked with differential immune responses to infectious disease and cancer. However, the clinical relevance of germline HLA-mediated immunity in gastrointestinal (GI) cancer remains elusive. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the genomic profiling data from 84 metastatic GI cancer patients treated with immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) recruited from Peking University Cancer Hospital (PUCH). A publicly available dataset from the Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center (MSK GI cohort) was employed as the validation cohort. For the PUCH cohort, we performed HLA genotyping by whole exome sequencing (WES) analysis on the peripheral blood samples from all patients. Tumor tissues from 76 patients were subjected to WES analysis and immune oncology-related RNA profiling. We studied the associations of two parameters of germline HLA as heterozygosity and evolutionary divergence (HED, a quantifiable measure of HLA-I evolution) with the clinical outcomes of patients in both cohorts. RESULTS: Our data showed that neither HLA heterozygosity nor HED at the HLA-A/HLA-C locus correlated with the overall survival (OS) in the PUCH cohort. Interestingly, in both the PUCH and MSK GI cohorts, patients with high HLA-B HED showed a better OS compared with low HLA-B HED subgroup. Of note, a combinatorial biomarker of HLA-B HED and tumor mutational burden (TMB) may better stratify potential responders. Furthermore, patients with high HLA-B HED were characterized with a decreased prevalence of multiple driver gene mutations and an immune-inflamed phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our results unveil how HLA-B evolutionary divergence influences the ICB response in patients with GI cancers, supporting its potential utility as a combinatorial biomarker together with TMB for patient stratification in the future.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 1038, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725321

RESUMO

Cancer cells experience endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress due to activated oncogenes and conditions of nutrient deprivation and hypoxia. The ensuing unfolded protein response (UPR) is executed by ATF6, IRE1 and PERK pathways. Adaptation to mild ER stress promotes tumor cell survival and aggressiveness. Unmitigated ER stress, however, will result in cell death and is a potential avenue for cancer therapies. Because of this yin-yang nature of ER stress, it is imperative that we fully understand the mechanisms and dynamics of the UPR and its contribution to the complexity of tumor biology. The PERK pathway inhibits global protein synthesis while allowing translation of specific mRNAs, such as the ATF4 transcription factor. Using thapsigargin and tunicamycin to induce acute ER stress, we identified the transcription factor C/EBPδ (CEBPD) as a mediator of PERK signaling to secretion of tumor promoting chemokines. In melanoma and breast cancer cell lines, PERK mediated early induction of C/EBPδ through ATF4-independent pathways that involved at least in part Janus kinases and the STAT3 transcription factor. Transcriptional profiling revealed that C/EBPδ contributed to 20% of thapsigargin response genes including chaperones, components of ER-associated degradation, and apoptosis inhibitors. In addition, C/EBPδ supported the expression of the chemokines CXCL8 (IL-8) and CCL20, which are known for their tumor promoting and immunosuppressive properties. With a paradigm of short-term exposure to thapsigargin, which was sufficient to trigger prolonged activation of the UPR in cancer cells, we found that conditioned media from such cells induced cytokine expression in myeloid cells. In addition, activation of the CXCL8 receptor CXCR1 during thapsigargin exposure supported subsequent sphere formation by cancer cells. Taken together, these investigations elucidated a novel mechanism of ER stress-induced transmissible signals in tumor cells that may be particularly relevant in the context of pharmacological interventions.

11.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(11)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer on active immune checkpoint inhibitors therapy were recommended to seek prophylaxis from COVID-19 by vaccination. There have been few reports to date to discuss the impact of progression cell death-1 blockers (PD-1B) on immune or vaccine-related outcomes, and what risk factors that contribute to the serological status remains to be elucidated. The study aims to find the impact of PD-1B on vaccination outcome and investigate other potential risk factors associated with the risk of seroconversion failure. METHODS: Patients with active cancer treatment were retrospectively enrolled to investigate the interaction effects between PD-1B and vaccination. Through propensity score matching of demographic and clinical features, the seroconversion rates and immune/vaccination-related adverse events (irAE and vrAE) were compared in a head-to-head manner. Then, a nomogram predicting the failure risk was developed with variables significant in multivariate regression analysis and validated in an independent cohort. RESULTS: Patients (n=454) receiving either PD-1B or COVID-19 vaccination, or both, were matched into three cohorts (vac+/PD-1B+, vac+/PD-1B-, and vac-/PD-1B+, respectively), with a non-concer control group of 206 participants. 68.1% (94/138), 71.3% (117/164), and 80.5% (166/206) were seropositive in vac+/PD-1B+cohort, vac+/PD-1B- cohort, and non-cancer control group, respectively. None of irAE or vrAE was observed to be escalated in PD-1B treatment except for low-grade rash.The vaccinated patients with cancer had a significantly lower rate of seroconversion rates than healthy control. A nomogram was thus built that encompassed age, pathology, and chemotherapy status to predict the seroconversion failure risk, which was validated in an independent cancer cohort of 196 patients. CONCLUSION: Although patients with cancer had a generally decreased rate of seroconversion as compared with the healthy population, the COVID-19 vaccine was generally well tolerated, and seroconversion was not affected in patients receiving PD-1B. A nomogram predicting failure risk was developed, including age, chemotherapy status, pathology types, and rheumatic comorbidity.

12.
Mater Horiz ; 8(8): 2260-2272, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846430

RESUMO

The question of how to make artificial intelligence robots perceive the power of "light as a feather" and "heavy as a mountain" at the same time has always been a goal that people are striving to achieve. However, pressure sensors, the key components of electronic equipment, are often unable to incorporate high sensitivity and wide range performance. Here, we proposed a "gradient stiffness design" strategy to prepare a kind of carbon nanotube sponge with a stiffness difference of up to 254 times between different layers, but still maintaining an integral conductive network without delamination. This gradient stiffness structure sponge shows prominent sensing properties with ultra-broad range (from 0.0022 MPa to 5.47 MPa) and high sensitivity. The low stiffness layer can detect low stress (0.0022 MPa) with high sensitivity of 0.765 MPa-1, and the high stiffness layer can greatly extend the sensing range to an unprecedentedly high value (5.47 MPa). It can concisely detect various motions with different stress, from slight clamping of fragile fries by the robot fingers to heavily stomping motions by a 90 kg person. Moreover, a series of human movements from small-scale to large-scale can be also monitored, revealing the great potential of this gradient stiffness structure in future sensing research.

13.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 278, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is one of the common complication of pregnancy, bringing heavy burden to the patients and their families. The study aimed to explore the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion. METHODS: By transcriptome sequencing, we detected differences in lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA expression in villus tissue samples collected from 3 patients with RSA and 3 normal abortion patients. Differentially expressed lncRNAs, miRNAs and genes (DELs, DEMs and DEGs, respectively) were identified, and Geno Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were used to determine the functions of DELs and DEGs, which were analysed by Fisher's test. We also observed the regulatory relationships between miRNA-mRNA and lncRNA-miRNA by Cytoscape 3.6.1. RESULTS: The results showed that 1008 DELs (523 upregulated and 485 downregulated), 475 DEGs (201 upregulated and 274 downregulated) and 37 DEMs (15 upregulated and 22 downregulated) were identified. And we also constructed a novel lncRNA-related ceRNA network containing 31 lncRNAs, 1 miRNA (hsa-miR-210-5p) and 3 genes (NTNG2, GRIA1 and AQP1). CONCLUSIONS: lncRNA-related ceRNA network containing 31 lncRNAs, 1 miRNA (hsa-miR-210-5p) and 3 mRNAs (NTNG2, GRIA1 and AQP1) was constructed. The results may provide a basic theory for elucidating the mechanism underlying RSA.

14.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 8(11): 2184-2198, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define the transcriptomic changes responsible for the histologic alterations in skeletal muscle and their progression in collagen VI-related muscular dystrophy (COL6-RD). METHODS: COL6-RD patient muscle biopsies were stratified into three groups based on the overall level of pathologic severity considering degrees of fibrosis, muscle fiber atrophy, and fatty replacement of muscle tissue. Using microarray and RNA-Seq, we then performed global gene expression profiling on the same muscle biopsies and compared their transcriptome with age- and sex-matched controls. RESULTS: COL6-RD muscle biopsy transcriptomes as a group revealed prominent upregulation of muscle extracellular matrix component genes and the downregulation of skeletal muscle and mitochondrion-specific genes. Upregulation of the TGFß pathway was the most conspicuous change across all biopsies and was fully evident even in the mildest/earliest histological group. There was no difference in the overall transcriptional signature between the different histologic groups but polyserial analysis identified relative changes along with COL6-RD histological severity. INTERPRETATION: Overall, our study establishes the prominent dysregulation of extracellular matrix genes, TGFß signaling, and its downstream cellular pathways at the transcriptomic level in COL6-RD muscle.

15.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797055

RESUMO

Antibody-antigen interactions represent one of the most exploited biomolecular interactions in experimental biology. While numerous techniques harnessed immobilized antibodies for nanoscale fluorescence imaging, few utilized their reversible binding kinetics. Here, we investigated noncovalent interactions of the monoclonal hemagglutinin (HA) epitope tag antibody, 12CA5, in the fixed cellular environment. We observed that the use of a chaotropic agent, potassium thiocyanate (KSCN), promoted the dissociation of the 12CA5 antibody fragment (Fab), which already displayed faster dissociation compared to its immunoglobulin G (IgG) counterpart. Molecular dynamic simulations revealed notable root-mean-square deviations and destabilizations in the presence of KSCN, while the hydrogen-bonding network remained primarily unaffected at the antigen-binding site. The reversible interactions enabled us to achieve a superresolution molecular census of local populations of 3xHA tagged microtubule fibers with improved molecular quantification consistency compared to single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) techniques utilizing standard immunofluorescence staining for sample labeling. Our technique, termed superresolution census of molecular epitope tags (SR-COMET), highlights the utilization of reversible antibody-antigen interactions for SMLM-based quantitative superresolution imaging.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 693989, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803666

RESUMO

Natural autoantibodies play a crucial role in destruction of malignant tumors due to immune surveillance function. Epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) has been found to be highly expressed in a variety of epithelial tumors including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The present study was thus undertaken to investigate the effect of anti-HER2 natural autoantibodies on OSCC. Compared with cancer-adjacent tissues, cancer tissues from OSCC patients exhibited higher HER2 expression especially in those with middle & advanced stage OSCC. Plasma anti-HER2 IgG levels examined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) developed in-house showed differences between control subjects, individuals with oral benign tumor and patients with OSCC. In addition, anti-HER2 IgG-abundant plasma was screened from healthy donors to treat OSCC cells and to prepare for anti-HER2 intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). Both anti-HER2 IgG-abundant plasma and anti-HER2 IVIg could significantly inhibit proliferation and invasion of OSCC cells by inducing the apoptosis, and also regulate apoptosis-associated factors and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), respectively. Besides, the complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) pathway was likely to contribute to the anti-HER2 IgG mediated inhibition of OSCC cells. After the HER2 gene was knocked down with HER2-specific siRNAs, the inhibitory effects on OSCC cell proliferation and apoptotic induction faded away. In conclusion, human plasma IgG, or IVIg against HER2 may be a promising agent for anti-OSCC therapy.

17.
EMBO Mol Med ; : e13787, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779586

RESUMO

BET1 is required, together with its SNARE complex partners GOSR2, SEC22b, and Syntaxin-5 for fusion of endoplasmic reticulum-derived vesicles with the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) and the cis-Golgi. Here, we report three individuals, from two families, with severe congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) and biallelic variants in BET1 (P1 p.(Asp68His)/p.(Ala45Valfs*2); P2 and P3 homozygous p.(Ile51Ser)). Due to aberrant splicing and frameshifting, the variants in P1 result in low BET1 protein levels and impaired ER-to-Golgi transport. Since in silico modeling suggested that p.(Ile51Ser) interferes with binding to interaction partners other than SNARE complex subunits, we set off and identified novel BET1 interaction partners with low affinity for p.(Ile51Ser) BET1 protein compared to wild-type, among them ERGIC-53. The BET1/ERGIC-53 interaction was validated by endogenous co-immunoprecipitation with both proteins colocalizing to the ERGIC compartment. Mislocalization of ERGIC-53 was observed in P1 and P2's derived fibroblasts; while in the p.(Ile51Ser) P2 fibroblasts specifically, mutant BET1 was also mislocalized along with ERGIC-53. Thus, we establish BET1 as a novel CMD/epilepsy gene and confirm the emerging role of ER/Golgi SNAREs in CMD.

18.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841576

RESUMO

Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by the osteosclerosis of tubular bones and the formation of cemento-osseous lesions in mandibles. Although genetic mutations for GDD have been identified in the ANO5/TMEM16E gene, the cellular and molecular mechanisms behind the pathogenesis of GDD remain unclear. Here, we generated the first knock-in mouse model for GDD with the expression of human mutation p.Cys360Tyr in ANO5. Homozygous Ano5 knock-in mice (Ano5KI/KI ) replicated GDD-like skeletal features, including massive jawbones, bowing tibia, bone fragility, sclerosis, and cortical thickening of the femoral and tibial diaphysis. Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were elevated in Ano5KI/KI mice as in GDD patients with p.Cys360Tyr mutation. Calvaria-derived Ano5KI/KI osteoblast cultures showed increased osteoblastogenesis, including hypermineralized bone matrix and enhanced bone formation-related factors expression. Interestingly, Ano5KI/KI bone marrow-derived macrophage cultures showed decreased osteoclastogenesis, and Ano5KI/KI osteoclasts exhibited disrupted actin ring formation, which may be associated with some signaling pathways. In conclusion, this new mouse model may facilitate elucidation of the pathogenesis of GDD and shed more light on its treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820731

RESUMO

The distribution patterns and health risk assessment of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs), hydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs), and regular 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediment from the Songhua River in northeastern China were investigated in this research. During dry seasons, concentrations of 16 USEPA priority PAHs, OH-PAHs, and NPAHs were extremely high, with average values of 1220 ± 288, 317 ± 641, 2.54 ± 3.98, and 12.2 ± 22.1 ng/g (dry weight, dw). The dry period level was confirmed to be 4 times greater than the wet period concentration. Modeling with positive matrix factorization (PMF) and estimation of diagnostic isomeric ratios were applied for identifying sources, according to the positive matrix factorization model: vehicle emissions (38.1%), biomass burning (25%), petroleum source (23.4%), and diesel engines source (13.5%) in wet season as well as wood combustion (44.1%), vehicle source (40.2%), coke oven (10.8%), and biomass burning (4.9%) in the dry season. The greatest seasonal variability was attributed to high molecular weight compounds (HMW PAHs). BaP was confirmed to be 81% carcinogenic in this study, which offers convincing proof of the escalating health issues.

20.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836186

RESUMO

We studied whether probiotics were beneficial for hormonal change-associated dysbiosis, which may influence the enteric nervous system and GI function during early pregnancy. The study was 16 days consisting of two cycles of six daily probiotics mainly Lactobacillus and 2 days without probiotics. Daily surveys were conducted to monitor GI function and life quality. A subset of the participants who contributed fecal specimens was used for microbiota metagenomic sequencing, metabolomics, and quantification of bacterial genes to understand potential underlying mechanisms. Statistical analyses were done by generalized linear mixed-effects models. Thirty-two obstetric patients and 535 daily observations were included. The data revealed that probiotic supplementation significantly reduced the severity of nausea, vomiting, constipation, and improved life quality. Moreover, a low copy number of fecal bsh (bile salt hydrolase), which generates free bile acids, was associated with high vomiting scores and probiotic intake increased fecal bsh. In exploratory analysis without adjusting for multiplicity, a low fecal α-tocopherol, as well as a high abundance of Akkemansia muciniphila, was associated with high vomiting scores and times, respectively. The potential implications of these biomarkers in pregnancy and GI function are discussed. Probiotics likely produce free bile acids to facilitate intestinal mobility and metabolism.

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