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1.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 31(6): 474-481, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intraoperative blood loss more than 400 mL during gastrointestinal surgery is an independent predictor of mortality. Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) could reduce perioperative blood loss. Few studies have prompted concerning the effects of DDAVP on gastrointestinal surgery. This study was to investigate whether DDAVP can decrease blood loss in patients with massive hemorrhage undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-centers, double-blind clinical trial was conducted, patients who underwent gastrointestinal surgery were recruited from 3 hospitals, randomly assigned to two different groups. Patients in the treatment group received desmopressin 0.3 ug/kg,30 min once a day after surgery, patients in the control group received 50 ml saline for 30 min. The primary outcome was the changes of hemoglobin at 24 hours after the surgery. And the secondary outcomes included coagulation function, urine volume, serum creatinine, and safety. RESULTS: There were 59 patients enrolled between 1 June 2015 and 1 June 2017. At 24hr.after surgery, a decrease in hemoglobin in the DDAVP group was significantly lower than that in the NS group (-5.0±6.9 g/L vs. -10.2±9.3g/L, p=0.03). Sonoclot® showed that the platelet function in the DDAVP group was higher than that in NS group at 24 hr. (2.56 ±0.59 vs. 1.91 ±0.72, p<0.05). There was no difference in urine volume and serum creatinine at 24 hr. between two group. CONCLUSION: DDAVP could reduce post-operation blood loss in patients with massive hemorrhage undergoing surgery by improving the platelet function. We observed no difference in urine volume and serum creatinine in two groups.

2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 28(3): 309-12, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18359679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism by which recombinant adenovirus (Ad)-mediated mutations of hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha (Ad-HIF-1alpha-Ala564-Ala803) regulates cell apoptosis. METHODS: LoVo cells were infected with recombinant Ad-HIF-1alpha-Ala564-Ala803 and control virus Ad-lacZ under normoxia condition. Real-time PCR was used to detect HIF-1alpha and p21WAF1/CIP1 mRNA expressions at different time points. Western blotting was employed to verify HIF-1alpha and p21WAF1/CIP1 protein expression. Hoechst 33342 flourescein staining was performed to observe the ratio of apoptotic LoVo cells. RESULTS: The expression levels of HIF-1alpha mRNA and protein increased after infection with Ad-HIF-1alpha- Ala564-Ala803, accompanied by an increase in p21WAF1/CIP1 mRNA and protein expressions. The apoptotic ratio was significantly higher in LoVo cells infected with recombinant Ad-HIF-1alpha-Ala564-Ala803 (16.2%) than in the control cells (5.5%, P=0.00). CONCLUSION: HIF-1alpha may induce cell cycle arrest by up-regulating p21WAF1/CIP1 expressions to promote LoVo cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Apoptose/fisiologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/biossíntese , Mutação , Apoptose/genética , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/biossíntese , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transfecção
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