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1.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 96: 235-244, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786345

RESUMO

Histone proteins are not only structurally important for chromosomal DNA packaging but also involved in the regulation of gene expression and the immune response of host against pathogens. Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) as one of the most important marine flatfish, suffered from widespread outbreaks of diseases, and its immunological functioning remained to be elucidated. In the present study, we reported the expression patterns of four histones (H1, H2A, H3, and H3.3) and functional characterization of the histone H3.3 from flounder. Quantitative real time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis showed that expression of the four histones occurred in multiple tissues, but their levels of expression were relatively high in immune organs, and inducible in response to pathogens infection. Infection with extracellular and intracellular bacterial pathogens and viral pathogen regulated the expression of histones in a manner that depended on tissue type, pathogen, and infection stage. Specifically, H1 expression was highly induced by intracellular viral pathogens; H2AX and H3 expressions were highly induced by intracellular bacterial pathogen; dissimilarly, H3.3 expression was slightly induced by extracellular bacterial pathogen, but was inhibited by intracellular bacterial and viral pathogens. To further investigate H3.3 function, recombinant H3.3 (rH3.3) was obtained, and in vitro experiments showed rH3.3 possessed the capability of binding to both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and inhibiting the growth of some target bacteria. Consistently, In vivo results showed that overexpression of H3.3 promoted the host defense against invading pathogenic microorganism and regulated the expressions of several cytokines. These results suggested that flounder histones exhibit different expression patterns in response to the infection of different microbial pathogens, and H3.3 serves as an immune-related protein and plays an important role in antimicrobial immunity of Japanese flounder. Taken together, this study is the first report about the expression profile of different histones upon different kind of pathogens and anti-infectious immunity of H3.3 in teleost, which offered new insights into the immunological function of histones in teleost.

2.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 223(1): 171-178, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548162

RESUMO

AIMS: Evidence concerning the impact of ambient particulate matter (PM) on mental health is just emerging and inconsistent. Air pollution with high PM levels has been frequently reported in China, however, no Chinese study has determined the association between PM exposures and anxiety hospitalizations. We examined the potential association between PM concentrations and anxiety admissions in 26 Chinese cities from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODS: A time-stratified case-crossover design was employed in the study. Anxiety hospitalizations were identified according to ICD-10 from the electronic hospitalization summary reports system in China. Conditional logistic regression was applied to estimate the relation between PM levels and anxiety admissions, stratified by age and sex. RESULTS: Positive associations between PM2.5/PM10 and admitted anxiety cases were observed. PM2.5 had the largest effect estimate at lag 5 days, with a per 10 µg/m3 increase corresponding to a 0.63% (95% CI, 0.26-1.00) increase in anxiety admissions. PM10's largest effect estimate was observed at lag 3 days, increasing 0.37% (95% CI, 0.12-0.62) anxiety admissions per 10 µg/m3. Females were more sensitive to PM2.5/PM10 concentrations than males, however, the effect modification by age was not significant. A marginally significant distinction in anxiety hospitalizations was found in patients with and without CVDs when they were exposed to PM2.5. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that short-term exposure to increased concentrations of PM2.5/PM10 exacerbates risks of anxiety hospitalizations in 26 Chinese cities. We observed effect modification by sex, with significantly stronger associations in female patients. This study offers the promise that reducing PM air pollution could probably reduce the huge disease burden from anxiety disorders.

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 248-258, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654767

RESUMO

Universal stress proteins (Usps) exist ubiquitously in bacteria and other organisms. Usps play an important role in adaptation of bacteria to a variety of environmental stresses. There is increasing evidence that Usps facilitate pathogens to adapt host environment and are involved in pathogenicity. Edwardsiella piscicida (formerly included in E. tarda) is a severe fish pathogen and infects various important economic fish including tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). In E. piscicida, a number of systems and factors that are involved in stress resistance and pathogenesis were identified. However, the function of Usps in E. piscicida is totally unknown. In this study, we examined the expressions of 13 usp genes in E. piscicida and found that most of these usp genes were up-regulated expression under high temperature, oxidative stress, acid stress, and host serum stress. Particularly, among these usp genes, usp13, exhibited dramatically high expression level upon several stress conditions. To investigate the biological role of usp13, a markerless usp13 in-frame mutant strain, TX01Δusp13, was constructed. Compared to the wild type TX01, TX01Δusp13 exhibited markedly compromised tolerance to high temperature, hydrogen peroxide, and low pH. Deletion of usp13 significantly retarded bacterial biofilm growth and decreased resistance against serum killing. Pathogenicity analysis showed that the inactivation of usp13 significantly impaired the ability of E. piscicida to invade into host cell and infect host tissue. Introduction of a trans-expressed usp13 gene restored the lost virulence of TX01Δusp13. In support of these results, host immune response induced by TX01 and TX01Δusp13 was examined, and the results showed reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in TX01Δusp13-infected macrophages were significantly higher than those in TX01-infected cells. The expression level of several cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, and CC2) in TX01Δusp13-infected fish was significantly higher than that in TX01-infected fish. These results suggested that the deletion of usp13 attenuated the ability of bacteria to overcome the host immune response to pathogen infection. Taken together, our study indicated Usp13 of E. piscicida was not only important participant in adversity resistance, but also was essential for E. piscicida pathogenicity and contributed to block host immune response to pathogen infection.

4.
Vet Res ; 50(1): 76, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578154

RESUMO

Edwardsiella piscicida is a severe fish pathogen. Haem utilization systems play an important role in bacterial adversity adaptation and pathogenicity. In this study, a speculative haem utilization protein, HutZEp, was characterized in E. piscicida. hutZEp is encoded with two other genes, hutW and hutX, in an operon that is similar to the haem utilization operon hutWXZ identified in V. cholerae. However, protein activity analysis showed that HutZEp is probably not related to hemin utilization. To explore the biological role of HutZEp, a markerless hutZEp in-frame mutant strain, TX01ΔhutZ, was constructed. Deletion of hutZEp did not significantly affect bacterial growth in normal medium, in iron-deficient conditions, or in the presence of haem but significantly retarded bacterial biofilm growth. The expression of known genes related to biofilm growth was not affected by hutZEp deletion, which indicated that HutZEp was probably a novel factor promoting biofilm formation in E. piscicida. Compared to the wild-type TX01, TX01ΔhutZ exhibited markedly compromised tolerance to acid stress and host serum stress. Pathogenicity analysis showed that inactivation of hutZEp significantly impaired the ability of E. piscicida to invade and reproduce in host cells and to infect host tissue. In contrast to TX01, TX01ΔhutZ was defective in blocking host macrophage activation. The expression of hutZEp was directly regulated by the ferric uptake regulator Fur. This study is the first functional characterization of HutZ in a fish pathogen, and these findings suggested that HutZEp is essential for E. piscicida biofilm formation and contributes to host infection.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Biofilmes , Edwardsiella/fisiologia , Edwardsiella/patogenicidade , Transcriptoma/fisiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Edwardsiella/genética , Virulência
5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 122-131, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491527

RESUMO

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a highly polymorphic region of the vertebrate genome that plays a critical role in initiating immune responses towards invading pathogens. It is well known that MHC I molecules play a central role in the immune response to viruses. However, rare literatures were reported the role of MHC I in the resistance to intracellular bacteria. Sequences of MHC Iα were identified in multiple teleost species, including Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), however, the immunological function of MHC Iα remain largely unknown. In this study, we examined the expression profile and biological activity of an MHC Iα homologue, PoMHC Iα, from P. olivaceus. Structural analysis showed that PoMHC Iα possesses conserved structural characteristics of MHC Iα proteins, including MHC_I domain, IGc1 domain, transmembrane region. Expression of PoMHC Iα was upregulated in a time-dependent manner by extracellular and intracellular bacterial pathogens and viral pathogen infection. Different expression patterns were exhibited in response to the infection of different types of microbial pathogens in different immune tissues. Recombinant PoMHC Iα increased the capability of host cells to defense against intracellular pathogen Edwardsiella tarda infection and enhanced the expression of immune related genes. The knockdown of PoMHC Iα attenuated the ability of cells to eliminate E. tarda, which was sustained by the in vivo results that overexpression of PoMHC Iα promoted the host defense against invading E. tarda. Antigen uptake assay indicated PoMHC Iα participated in cells antigen presentation. Collectively, this study is the first report that MHC Iα plays an important role in immune defense against intracellular bacterial pathogen in teleost. Taken together, these findings add new insights into the biological function of teleost MHC Iα and emphasize the importance of MHC I gene products for the control of E. tarda infection.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Linguados/genética , Linguados/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Transcriptoma/imunologia , Animais , Edwardsiella tarda/fisiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Linguado/genética , Linguado/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo
7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 766-780, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421241

RESUMO

Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) is an important economic fish species farmed in China and other countries. It is susceptible to infection by Edwardsiella tarda, a severe fish pathogen with a broad host range. In this study, we employed high-throughput deep sequencing technology to identify, in a global scale, flounder kidney microRNAs (miRNAs) induced by E. tarda at different stages of infection. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) and mRNAs (DEmRNAs) exhibiting significantly altered expression levels before and after E. tarda infection were examined. A total of 96 DEmiRNAs were identified, for which 2779 target genes were predicted. Eighty-seven miRNA-mRNA pairs, involving 29 DEmiRNAs and 86 DEmRNAs, showed negative correlations in their expression patterns. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that the putative target genes of the DEmiRNAs were associated with diverse biological processes, cellular components, and molecular functions. One of the DEmiRNAs, pol-miR-182-5p, was demonstrated to regulate sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (PoS1PR1) negatively in a manner that depended on the specific interaction between the seed sequence of pol-miR-182-5p and the 3'-UTR of PoS1PR1. Overexpression of pol-miR-182-5p in flounder cells promoted apoptosis and inhibited cellular viability. Knockdown of PoS1PR1 in flounder enhanced E. tarda invasion and dissemination in fish tissues. These results provide new insights into miRNA-mediated anti-bacterial immunity in flounder.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Linguados/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Edwardsiella tarda/fisiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/veterinária , Linguados/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Rim/imunologia , Rim/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/imunologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 623-630, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400512

RESUMO

Cathepsin S belong to the cathepsin L-like family of cysteine cathepsins. It is well known that Cathepsin S participate in various physiological processes and host immune defense in mammals. However, in teleost fish, the function of cathepsin S is less investigated. In the present study, a cathepsin S homologue (SsCTSS) from the teleost fish black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii) were identified and examined at expression and functional levels. In silico analysis showed that three domains, including signal peptide, cathepsin propeptide inhibitor I29 domain, and functional domain Pept_C1, were existed in the cathepsin. SsCTSS possesses a peptidase domain with three catalytically essential residues (Cys25, His162, and Asn183). Phylogenetic profiling indicated that SsCTSS are evolutionally close to the cathepsin S of other teleost fish. The expression of SsCTSS in immune-related tissues was upregulated in a time-dependent manner upon bacterial pathogen infection. Purified recombinant SsCTSS (rSsCTSS) exhibited apparent peptidase activity, which was remarkably declined in the presence of the cathepsin inhibitor E-64. rSsCTSS showed strong binding ability to LPS and PGN, the major constituents of the outer membranes of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively. rSsCTSS also exhibited the capability of agglutination to different bacteria. The knockdown of SsCTSS attenuated the ability of host to eliminate pathogenic bacteria. Taken together, our results suggested that SsCTSS functions as cysteine protease which might be involved in the antibacterial immunity of black rockfish.


Assuntos
Catepsinas/genética , Catepsinas/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Peixes/genética , Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Catepsinas/química , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Perciformes/genética , Perciformes/imunologia , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 823-831, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422181

RESUMO

Calreticulin (CRT) is a highly conserved and multi-functional protein with diverse localizations. CRT has lectin-like properties and possesses important immunological activities in mammalian. In teleost, very limited studies on CRT immunologic function have been documented. In the present study, a CRT homologue (SsCRT) was cloned, identified and characterized from black rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli, an important aquaculture species in East Asia. The full length of SsCRT cDNA is 2180 bp and encoded a polypeptide of 425 amino acids. SsCRT contains a signal peptide, three distinct structural and functional domains (N-, P- and C-domains), and an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retrieval signal sequence (KDEL). The deduced amino acid sequence of SsCRT shares 89-92% overall sequence identities with the CRT proteins of several fish species. SsCRT was distributed ubiquitously in all the detected tissues and was highly expressed in the spleen, muscle and liver. After the infection of fish extracellular bacterial pathogen Vibrio anguillarum and intracellular bacterial pathogen Edwardsiella tarda, the mRNA transcripts of SsCRT in spleen, liver, and head kidney were significantly up-regulated. The expression patterns were time-dependent and tissue-dependent. Recombinant SsCRT (rSsCRT) exhibited apparent binding activities against different bacteria and PAMPs. In vivo studies showed that the expressions of multiple immune-related genes such as TNF13B, IL-1ß, IL-8, SAA, Hsp70, and ISG15 in head kidney were significantly enhanced when black rockfish were treated with rSsCRT. Furthermore, rSsCRT reduced pathogen dissemination and replication in fish kidney and spleen. These results indicated that SsCRT served as an immune receptor to recognize and eliminate the invading pathogens, which played a vital role in the immune response of Sebastes schlegeli. These findings provide new insights into understanding the roles of CRT proteins in immune response and pathogen infection in teleost.


Assuntos
Calreticulina/genética , Calreticulina/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Peixes/genética , Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Calreticulina/química , Edwardsiella tarda/fisiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/veterinária , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Padrões Moleculares Associados a Patógenos/farmacologia , Perciformes/genética , Perciformes/imunologia , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Vibrio/fisiologia , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrioses/veterinária
10.
Vet Res ; 50(1): 26, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992061

RESUMO

Thioredoxins (Trxs) play an important role in defending against oxidative stress and keeping disulfide bonding correct to maintain protein function. Edwardsiella piscicida, a severe fish pathogen, has been shown to encode several thioredoxins including TrxA, TrxC, and TrxH, but their biological roles remain unknown. In this study, we characterized TrxH of E. piscicida (named TrxHEp) and examined its expression and function. TrxHEp is composed of 125 residues and possesses typical thioredoxin H motifs. Expression of trxHEp was upregulated under conditions of oxidative stress, iron starvation, low pH, and during infection of host cells. trxHEp expression was also regulated by ferric uptake regulator (Fur), an important global regulatory of E. piscicida. Compared to the wild type TX01, a markerless trxHEp in-frame mutant strain TX01∆trxH exhibited markedly compromised tolerance of the pathogen to hydrogen peroxide, acid stress, and iron deficiency. Deletion of trxHEp significantly retarded bacterial biofilm growth and decreased resistance against serum killing. Pathogenicity analysis shows that the inactivation of trxHEp significantly impaired the ability of E. piscicida to invade host cells, reproduce in macrophages, and infect host tissues. Introduction of a trans-expressed trxH gene restored the lost virulence of TX01∆trxH. There is likely to be a complex relationship of functional complementation or expression regulation between TrxH and another two thioredoxins, TrxA and TrxC, of E. piscicida. This is the first functional report of TrxH in fish pathogens, and the findings suggest that TrxHEp is essential for coping with adverse circumstances and contributes to host infection of E. piscicida.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Edwardsiella/fisiologia , Edwardsiella/patogenicidade , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Tiorredoxina h/genética , Transcriptoma , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Edwardsiella/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Tiorredoxina h/química , Tiorredoxina h/metabolismo , Virulência
11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 89: 27-34, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910614

RESUMO

Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) is a key regulator of neutrophil production, and plays a vital role in immune response of mammals and teleost against pathogen. Sequences of GCSF were identified in several teleost species, however, the function and activity of GCSF in teleost remain largely unknown. In this study, we examined the biological activity and the immunomodulatory property of a GCSF homologue, PoGCSF, from Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Structural analysis showed that PoGCSF possesses conserved structural characteristics of GCSF proteins, including a signal peptide and a typical IL-6 domain. The expression of PoGCSF was upregulated in a time-dependent manner by extracellular and intracellular bacterial pathogens and viral pathogen. Different expression patterns were exhibited in response to the infection of different types of microbial pathogens in different immune tissues. Recombinant PoGCSF increased the capability of host cells to defense against pathogen infection and enhanced the expression of immune related genes. The knockdown of PoGCSF attenuated the ability of host cells to eliminate pathogenic bacteria. In vivo results showed that overexpression of PoGCSF promoted the host defense against invading pathogenic microorganism. Collectively, this study is the first report about the immunoregulatory property and anti-infectious immunity of GCSF in teleost. These findings suggested that PoGCSF serves as an immune-related cytokine and plays an important role in the immune defense system of Japanese flounder.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Linguados/genética , Linguados/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/genética , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Infecções Bacterianas/imunologia , Infecções Bacterianas/veterinária , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/química , Iridoviridae/fisiologia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
12.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 87: 73-81, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30615989

RESUMO

C1q-domain-containing (C1qDC) proteins, which are involved in a series of immune responses, are important pattern recognition receptors in innate immunity in vertebrates and invertebrates. Functional studies of C1qDC proteins in vertebrates are scarce. In the present study, a C1qDC protein (SsC1qDC) from the teleost black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii) was identified and examined at expression and functional levels. The open reading frame of SsC1qDC is 636 bp, and the predicted amino acid sequence of SsC1qDC shares 62%-69% overall identity with the C1qDC proteins of several fish species. SsC1qDC possesses conserved C1qDC features, including a signal sequence and a C1q domain. SsC1qDC was expressed in different tissues and its expression was up-regulated by bacterial and viral infection. Recombinant SsC1qDC (rSsC1qDC) exhibited apparent binding activities against PAMPs including LPS and PGN. rSsC1qDC had antibacterial activity against Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and was able to enhance the phagocytic activity of macrophages towards Vibrio anguillarum. rSsC1qDC interacted with human heat-aggregated IgG. Furthermore, in the presence of rSsC1qDC, fish exhibited enhanced resistance against bacterial infection. Collectively, these results indicated that SsC1qDC serves as a pattern recognition receptor and plays a vital role in the defense system of black rockfish.


Assuntos
Complemento C1q/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perciformes/imunologia , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Complemento C1q/química , Resistência à Doença , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Perciformes/microbiologia , Domínios Proteicos , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/química , Vibrio/imunologia , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrioses/veterinária
13.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 84: 719-725, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30393172

RESUMO

High-mobility group box 2 (HMGB2) is a non-histone chromosomal protein that involved diverse functions such as transcriptional regulation and innate immune responses in mammalian. In teleost, very limited studies on HMGB2 proteins have been documented. Black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii) is an economic fish species and cultured worldwide. However, the study of black rockfish about immunology is very scarce. In the present study, a HMGB2 homologue gene (SsHMGB2) was identified and characterized in black rockfish. The open reading frame of SsHMGB2 is 648 bp, and the deduced amino acid sequence of SsHMGB2 shares 74.4%-91.2% overall sequence identities with the HMGB2 proteins of several fish species. In silico analysis identified several conserved features, including two basic HMG boxes and an acidic C-terminal tail composed of 24 Asp/Glu residues. Expression of SsHMGB2 occurred in multiple tissues and was upregulated during pathogens infection. Recombinant SsHMGB2 (rSsHMGB2) exhibited apparent binding activities against DNA. In vivo studies showed that the expressions of multiple immune-related genes in head kidney were significantly enhanced when black rockfish were treated with rSsHMGB2. Furthermore, rSsHMGB2 reduced pathogen dissemination and replication in fish kidney and spleen. Taken together, these results suggest that SsHMGB2 possesses apparent immunoregulatory properties and played a role in fighting bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Peixes/genética , Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Proteína HMGB2/genética , Proteína HMGB2/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Edwardsiella tarda/fisiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Proteína HMGB2/química , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Vibrio/fisiologia , Vibrioses/imunologia
14.
Vet Res ; 49(1): 120, 2018 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537995

RESUMO

Recently, bacterial small RNA (sRNA) has been shown to be involved as a key regulator in stress responses. sRNAs of Edwardsiella piscicida, an important aquatic pathogen, are not well characterized to date. In this study, using RNA-seq technology, we globally found and identified sRNA candidates expressed from E. piscicida grown in normal LB medium, acid pressure, iron deficiency stress, and oxidation pressure. A total of 148 sRNAs were found, including 19 previously annotated sRNAs and 129 novel sRNA candidates by searching against the Rfam database. Compared in normal condition, the expression of 103 sRNAs (DEsRNA, differentially expressed sRNA) and 1615 mRNAs (DEmRNAs, differentially expressed mRNA) showed significant differences in three stress sample. Based on the prediction by IntaRNA and relational analysis between DEsRNAs and DEmRNAs, 103 DEsRNAs were predicted to regulate 769 target mRNAs. Pleiotropic function of target DEmRNAs indicated that sRNAs extensively participated in a variety of physiological processes, including response to adversity and pathogenicity, the latter was further confirmed by infection experiment. A large number transcription factors appeared in target genes of sRNAs, which suggested that sRNAs likely deeply interlaced within complex gene regulatory networks of E. piscicida. Moreover, 49 Hfq-associated sRNAs were also identified in this study. In summary, we globally discovered sRNAs for the first time in pathogenic bacteria of fish, and our findings indicated that sRNAs in E. piscicida have important roles in adaptation to environmental stress and pathogenicity. These results also provide clues for deciphering regulation mechanism of gene expression related to physiological response and pathogenicity.


Assuntos
Edwardsiella/fisiologia , Edwardsiella/patogenicidade , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , RNA Bacteriano/genética , Animais , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Virulência/genética
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30314262

RESUMO

There is little evidence that acute exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) impacts the rate of hospitalization for congestive heart failure (CHF) in developing countries. The primary purpose of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the short-term association between ambient PM2.5 and hospitalization for CHF in Beijing, China. A total of 15,256 hospital admissions for CHF from January 2010 to June 2012 were identified from Beijing Medical Claim Data for Employees and a time-series design with generalized additive Poisson model was used to assess the obtained data. We found a clear significant exposure response association between PM2.5 and the number of hospitalizations for CHF. Increasing PM2.5 daily concentrations by 10 µg/m³ caused a 0.35% (95% CI, 0.06⁻0.64%) increase in the number of CHF admissions on the same day. We also found that female and older patients were more susceptible to PM2.5. These associations remained significant in sensitivity analyses involving changing the degrees of freedom of calendar time, temperature, and relative humidity. PM2.5 was associated with significantly increased risk of hospitalization for CHF in this citywide study. These findings may contribute to the limited scientific evidence about the acute impacts of PM2.5 on CHF in China.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Material Particulado/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(2): 657-662, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29388542

RESUMO

A novel rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic bacterium, designated S35T, was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the Pacmanus hydrothermal field, Manus Basin, Papua New Guinea. Strain S35T grew optimally at 28 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain S35T shared 97.38-98.55% similarity with the type strains of Alteromonas lipolytica, Alteromonas mediterranea and Aestuariibacterhalophilus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain S35T belonged to the genus Alteromonas. The strain contained ubiquinone-8 as the predominant respiratory lipoquinone. Summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain S35T was 51.3 mol%. These results indicated that strain S35T represents a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas oceani sp. nov. (type strain S35T=KCTC 52449T=CGMCC 1.16029T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Papua Nova Guiné , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(3): 829-834, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458542

RESUMO

Two Gram-staining-positive, strictly aerobic bacilli, designated as strains Ma50-5T and Ma50-6T, were isolated from the hydrothermal sediments of Manus Basin in the western Pacific Ocean. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, strains Ma50-5T and Ma50-6T were most closely related to Bacillus alveayuensis (97.0 and 97.2 % identity, respectively). The 16S rRNA gene sequence identity between strains Ma50-5T and Ma50-6T was 97.4 %. The identities between strains Ma50-5T and Ma50-6T and other closely related organisms were below 97.0 %. The G+C contents of the genomic DNA of strains Ma50-5T and Ma50-6T were 43.4 and 47.6 mol%, respectively. The major fatty acids (>10 %) of both strains were iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. The predominant isoprenoid quinone detected in both strains was menaquinone-7. Phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological analyses suggested that strains Ma50-5T and Ma50-6T represent two novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the names Bacillus kexueae sp. nov. (type strain Ma50-5T=KCTC 33881T=CCTCC AB 2017020T) and Bacillus manusensis sp. nov. (type strain Ma50-6T=KCTC 33882T=CCTCC AB 2017019T), respectively, are proposed.


Assuntos
Bacillus/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 30(1): 35-43, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28245897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationships between CDH13 (T-cadherin) genetic polymorphisms, adiponectin levels and ischemic stroke, and possible interactions between CDH13 polymorphisms and other risk factors. METHODS: We recruited 342 Chinese ischemic stroke sib pairs. We genotyped rs4783244 and rs7193788 on CDH13 using time-of-flight mass spectrometry genotyping technology and measured total and high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin levels. We investigated associations between SNPs and ischemic stroke, and interactions between SNPs and other risk factors using multi-level mixed-effects regression model. RESULTS: In individuals without ischemic stroke, CDH13 rs4783244 was associated with total adiponectin levels (per T: Coef = -0.257, P = 0.001). CDH13 rs7193788 was associated with total adiponectin levels (per A: Coef = -0.221, P = 0.001) and HMW adiponectin levels (per A: Coef = -0.163, P = 0.003). rs7193788 was significantly associated with ischemic stroke (GA/AA vs. GG: OR = 1.55, 95% CI: 1.07 to 2.24, P = 0.020) after Bonferroni correction (α = 0.025). There was an interaction between rs7193788 and diabetes (P = 0.036). Compared to diabetes-free individuals with rs7193788 GG genotype, diabetes patients with rs7193788 GA/AA genotypes had higher risks for ischemic stroke (OR = 2.64, 95% CI: 1.58-4.40, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: CDH13 genetic polymorphisms are associated with adiponectin levels and ischemic stroke. An interaction is found between CDH13 SNP and diabetes for ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Caderinas/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue
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