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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 150-154, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626877

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine(CHX) on the self-etching adhesive to dentin. METHODS: Fifty carious free molars were selected to expose the flat dentin surface. The specimens were bonded with composite resin by self-etching adhesive ,which were pretreated by 2% CHX for 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 s. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and scanning electron microscope(SEM) were evaluated before and after thermocycling. SPSS 19.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: µTBS of the 45 and 60s-CHX pretreated group had significant difference before thermocycling, significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05). The 60s-CHX pretreated group showed significant greater µTBS than the control group after thermocycling(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 2%CHX pretreatment can improve the bonding strength of the self-etching adhesive, and slow down the aging progress of bonding interface.

2.
J Cardiol ; 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A discordant biological clock could potentially induce sudden cardiac death (SCD). We aimed to evaluate the circadian change of heart rate variability (HRV) and its relationship to the risks of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and near syncope in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In this retrospective study, non-CKD and CKD patients were enrolled and underwent a 24-hour Holter examination for linear and nonlinear HRV analyses. The multiscale entropy (MSE) method was selected for nonlinear HRV analyses. The documented VAs or episodes of near syncope were classified as high-risk SCD group (n=8) and others as low-risk SCD group (n=21). RESULTS: In linear analyses, time and frequency domains revealed no significant difference between groups. In nonlinear analyses with MSE, MSE5, MSE6-20, and MSEslope 5 were significantly lower (p=0.002, p<0.0001, and p=0.013) in the high-risk SCD group, compared to those in the low-risk SCD group, respectively. Comparing between daytime and nighttime within each group, the MSE5 revealed no difference in the high-risk SCD group (p=0.128), whereas the daytime was significantly higher in the low-risk SCD group (p=0.048). The area under the curve (AUC) analysis revealed MSE6-20 has the best predictive power associated with VAs and near syncope with a cut-off value of ≤24.64 (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Nonlinear analysis with MSE demonstrated the loss of circadian change in CKD patients and was associated with a higher risk for VAs and near syncope. The MSE method demonstrated the diurnal change of rhythm dynamics which identifies potential autonomic dysfunction leading to poor prognosis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557157

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the electromechanical function detected by acoustic cardiography before and after radiofrequency ablation therapy (RFA) in paroxysmal AF (PAF) patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Seventy-five symptomatic PAF patients and 69 patients without arrhythmia were enrolled. Thirty-seven PAF patients received RFA therapy. Acoustic cardiographic exam was performed to check S3 and S4 heart sound, electromechanical activation time (EMAT), LV systolic time percentage (LVST), and systolic dysfunction index (SDI) in all participants. Furthermore, 37 PAF patients also received follow-up acoustic cardiography postRFA. PAF had impaired electromechanical systolic function compared with health participants (%EMAT 14.69 ± 3.62 vs. 10.84 ± 2.62; %LVST 40.83 ± 5.14 vs. 36.70 ± 3.87; SDI 4.75 ± 1.61 vs. 3.26 ± 0.96 all p < 0.001). RFA can improve electromechanical systolic function. Improvement below 13.1% could predict the recurrent AF postcatheter ablation. Higher degree of improved electromechanical systolic function postRFA contribute to lower recurrence of AF. Graphical Abstract Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for % change of systolic dysfunction index (SDI) postRFA in the detection of recurrent AF.

4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(6): e206424, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478848

RESUMO

Importance: Current guidelines recommend the use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Data regarding warfarin sodium use compared with NOAC use in patients with AF with a history of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) are limited. Objective: To compare the clinical outcomes of warfarin use and NOAC use in patients with AF with a history of ICH using a nationwide cohort with AF. Design, Setting, and Participants: A nationwide cohort study from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016, was performed using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The dates of analysis were July 1 to September 1, 2019. The study population comprised patients with AF with a history of ICH and a CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years [doubled], diabetes, prior stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism [doubled], vascular disease [prior myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease], age 65-74 years, sex category [female]) of at least 1 for men or at least 2 for women who had received warfarin or NOACs. The clinical outcomes were examined using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses among the study population before and after propensity score matching. Exposures: Oral anticoagulation with warfarin or NOACs. Main Outcomes and Measures: The clinical outcomes measured were all-cause mortality, ischemic stroke, ICH, major bleeding, and adverse events. Results: The study cohort included 4540 patients (mean [SD] age, 76.0 [10.5] years; 2653 men [58.4%]), with 1047 patients receiving warfarin (mean [SD] age, 75.1 [11.4] years; 571 men [54.5%]) and 3493 patients receiving NOACs (mean [SD] age, 76.3 [10.2] years; 2082 men [59.6%]). Compared with warfarin use, NOAC use was associated with statistically significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.517; 95% CI, 0.457-0.585), ICH (aHR, 0.556; 95% CI, 0.389-0.796), and major bleeding (aHR, 0.645; 95% CI, 0.525-0.793), whereas the rate of ischemic stroke was similar in the 2 groups (aHR, 0.879; 95% CI, 0.678-1.141). These results were generally consistent after propensity score matching among 973 patients in each group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with AF with prior ICH, NOAC use was associated with lower rates of ICH and major bleeding compared with warfarin use, whereas the rate of ischemic stroke was similar in the 2 groups. Among patients with AF with prior ICH, NOACs could be the preferred choice for stroke prevention.

5.
Heart Lung ; 2020 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe inflammatory disorder of the lungs and is associated with oxidative damage. However, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), as an indicator of body response to inflammation and oxidative stress, has not been studied for its relationship with ARDS as diagnosed by the Berlin definition. OBJECTIVES: To examine the value of RDW in predicting the prognosis of in patients with ARDS. METHODS: This is a retrospective study based on the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database. Berlin-defined ARDS patients using mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours were selected using structured query language. The primary statistical methods were propensity score matching and sensitivity analysis, including an inverse probability weighting model to ensure the robustness of our findings. RESULTS: A total of 529 intensive care unit (ICU) patients with ARDS according to the Berlin definition were enrolled in the study. The adjusted OR showed an adverse effect between the higher RDW group and 30-day mortality [OR 2.33, 95% CI (1.15-4.75), P=0.019]. However, we found that length of ICU stay was not related to RDW (P=0.167), and in the anaemia group, RDW was poorly predictive of 30-day mortality (P=0.307). CONCLUSION: In unselected ARDS patients, higher RDW was associated with higher 30-day mortality rate. Further investigation is required to validate this relationship with prospectively collected data.

6.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12767, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The autonomic activity plays a critical role in generating paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). This study aimed to evaluate the changes in the autonomic nerve activity before and after PAF events in patients with and without ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: The study included 49 patients (71.43 ± 12.24 years old, 26 males) with PAF events lasting more than 30 s during 24-hr ambulatory Holter monitoring. The 20-min intervals before and after PAF events were divided into eight segments of 5 min each. Heart rate variability (HRV) analyses of the time and frequency domains were applied to each time segment. RESULTS: Patients with IHD had significant increases in the root mean square successive differences (r-MSSD, p = .008) and HF component (p = .04), followed by a significant increase in the LF/HF ratio (p = .02) preceding the onset of PAF. Patients without IHD had only a significant increase in the r-MSSD (p = .045) preceding the onset of PAF. During the termination of PAF events, patients in both the IHD and control groups had a significantly decreased r-MSSD and HF, respectively. CONCLUSION: Ischemic heart disease causes a sympathovagal imbalance in the initiation of PAF. Decreased parasympathetic activity regulated the termination of PAF in both the IHD and control groups. The modification of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity should be individualized due to the autonomic complexity in AF arrhythmogenesis and termination.

7.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulants (OACs) may serve as a "screening test" for gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancies through the clinical presentation of bleeding. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the 1-year incidence and predictors of GI cancer after GI bleeding among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with warfarin or non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). The risks of mortality after GI cancers between patients receiving warfarin and those receiving NOACs were compared. METHODS: A total of 10,845 anticoagulated AF patients hospitalized due to GI bleeding without a previous history of GI cancer were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients were followed-up for incident GI cancers for up to 1 year. RESULTS: Within 1 year after GI bleeding, 290 patients (2.67%) were diagnosed with GI tract cancer. More patients treated with NOACs were diagnosed with GI cancer than those treated with warfarin (3.87% vs 2.44%; P <.001; odds ratio [OR] 1.606; P <.001). Age (OR 1.025 per 1-year increment) and male sex (OR 1.356) were associated with the diagnosis of GI cancer. Among patients diagnosed with GI cancer, 45.2% died within 1 year. The risk of mortality was lower in patients treated with NOACs than in those treated with warfarin (23.5% vs 51.8%; adjusted hazard ratio 0.441; P <.001). CONCLUSION: Incident GI cancers were diagnosed in 1 of 37 AF patients at 1 year after OAC-related GI bleeding and were more common among patients treated with NOACs (1/26) compared to warfarin (1/41). Detailed examinations for occult GI cancers are necessary, especially among elderly males.

8.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 517-523, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418972

RESUMO

Resistin is an adipocytokine that is abundantly secreted from lipid cells and is related to the inflammatory process and cardiometabolic diseases. This study aimed to examine the role of resistin on inflammation and its effect on the clinical outcome of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following catheter ablation.A total of 108 patients (56.9 ± 12.0 years, 76.8% male) with symptomatic and drug-refractory AF undergoing catheter ablation were enrolled. Inflammatory biomarkers and epicardial fat volume by contrast computed tomography (CT) images were assessed in all patients before the procedure. Baseline resistin correlated with epicardial fat volume, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and left atrial (LA) scar area. After the index procedure, the univariate analysis revealed that hypertension, persistent AF, LA diameter, and plasma resistin level were related to recurrent atrial arrhythmia. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that persistent AF, LA diameter, and plasma resistin level all independently predicted recurrent atrial arrhythmia after ablation. Plasma resistin with a level higher than 777 (pg/mL) could predict recurrence following catheter ablation of AF.High plasma resistin level is associated with poor left atrial substrate, high epicardial fat volume, and elevated TNF-α level in patients with AF. Plasma resistin may predict the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia after ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Ablação por Cateter , Resistina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(6): 1436-1447, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227530

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accurate identification of slow conducting regions in patients with scar-related atrial tachycardia (AT) is difficult using conventional electrogram annotation for cardiac electroanatomic mapping (EAM). Estimating delays between neighboring mapping sites is a potential option for activation map computation. We describe our initial experience with CARTO 3 Coherent Mapping (Biosense Webster Inc,) in the ablation of complex ATs. METHODS: Twenty patients (58 ± 10 y/o, 15 males) with complex ATs were included. We created three-dimensional EAMs using CARTO 3 system with CONFIDENSE and a high-resolution mapping catheter (Biosense Webster Inc). Local activation time and coherent maps were used to aid in the identification of conduction isthmus (CI) and focal origin sites. System-defined slow or nonconducting zones and CI, defined by concealed entrainment (postpacing interval < 20 ms), CV < 0.3 m/s and local fractionated electrograms were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-six complex ATs were mapped (mean: 1.3 ± 0.7 maps/pt; 4 focal, 22 isthmus-dependent). Coherent mapping was better in identifying CI/breakout sites where ablation terminated the tachycardia (96.2% vs 69.2%; P = .010) and identified significantly more CI (mean/chamber 2.0 ± 1.1 vs 1.0 ± 0.7; P < .001) with narrower width (19.8 ± 10.5 vs 43.0 ± 23.9 mm; P < .001) than conventional mapping. Ablation at origin and CI sites was successful in 25 (96.2%) with long-term recurrence in 25%. CONCLUSIONS: Coherent mapping with conduction velocity vectors derived from adjacent mapping sites significantly improved the identification of CI sites in scar-related ATs with isthmus-dependent re-entry better than conventional mapping. It may be used in conjunction with conventional mapping strategies to facilitate recognition of slow conduction areas and critical sites that are important targets of ablation.

10.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(7): 1077-1083, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation has been considered an effective strategy for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the left ventricular summit (LVS). However, the inherent complexity of the anatomy of the LVS may result in failed ablation or recurrence of VA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this multicenter study was investigate the procedural outcomes of ablation of LVS VA. METHODS: A total of 238 patients (54.6% men; mean age 53.2 ± 15.0 years) undergoing catheter ablation of LVS VA were included. Baseline characteristics, procedural parameters, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Acute procedural success was achieved in 199 patients (83.6%). Initial epicardial ablation via the coronary venous system (93.8% [91/97]) or percutaneous transpericardial approach (6.2% [6/97]) achieved successful ablation in 40 of 97 patients (41.2%), and VA was eliminated by initial approaches from the aortic sinus of Valsalva or subvalvular endocardium in 68 of 139 patients (48.9%; P = .29). Multisite ablations were performed in the process of acute VA elimination in 105 patients (51.8%), and 7 complications occurred. During median follow-up of 26 (1-87) months, 82.2% of patients with acute success were free from VA recurrences, and the overall long-term success rate was 68.1%. Multisite ablation was the only independent predictor of VA recurrences. CONCLUSION: Acute elimination of VA originating from the LVS could be achieved in 83.6% of patients, with 82.2% having no VA recurrences. Despite acute elimination of VA with multisite ablation, the incidence of VA recurrence still was high.

11.
iScience ; 23(3): 100886, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062420

RESUMO

Electrocardiograms (ECGs) are widely used to clinically detect cardiac arrhythmias (CAs). They are also being used to develop computer-assisted methods for heart disease diagnosis. We have developed a convolution neural network model to detect and classify CAs, using a large 12-lead ECG dataset (6,877 recordings) provided by the China Physiological Signal Challenge (CPSC) 2018. Our model, which was ranked first in the challenge competition, achieved a median overall F1-score of 0.84 for the nine-type CA classification of CPSC2018's hidden test set of 2,954 ECG recordings. Further analysis showed that concurrent CAs were adequately predictive for 476 patients with multiple types of CA diagnoses in the dataset. Using only single-lead data yielded a performance that was only slightly worse than using the full 12-lead data, with leads aVR and V1 being the most prominent. We extensively consider these results in the context of their agreement with and relevance to clinical observations.

12.
Int J Cardiol ; 305: 70-75, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is an effective treatment for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, the characteristics of extremely late (>3 years) recurrences of AVNRT after a successful initial ablation are not fully elucidated. We aimed to explore the electrophysiological characteristics of extremely late recurrences of AVNRT after a successful ablation. METHODS: From 1991 to 2018, 3311 patients (mean age: 48.7 ± 17.4 years; men: 1328 [40.1%]) who underwent catheter ablation for AVNRT were investigated. Baseline characteristics of the patients, recurrence status, and detailed electrophysiological parameters of the index and repeat ablation procedures were obtained for analysis. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up period of 129.5 ± 58.0 months, 65 (2.0%) patients underwent repeat ablation for recurrences of AVNRT, of whom 17 (0.5%) presented with extremely late recurrences. The incidence of transient AV block was significantly higher in patients with extremely late recurrences (5.9%) than in those without recurrences (1.9%) but lower than that in patients with recurrences within <3 years (12.5%, P < .001). In addition, among patients with extremely late recurrences of AVNRT, the atrial-His bundle interval was significantly longer (99.1 ± 23.4 vs. 76.5 ± 13.1 ms, P < .01) and the need for intravenous isoproterenol and/or atropine for the induction of AVNRT (88.2% vs. 47.1%, P = .03) was higher in the repeat ablation procedure than in the index ablation procedure. CONCLUSION: Recurrences of AVNRT can occur 3 years after a successful initial ablation. The electrophysiological features of the index and repeat ablation procedures differed between patients with extremely late recurrences of AVNRT and those with recurrences within <3 years.

13.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(6): 967-974, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether ectopic atrial rhythm (EAR) is a high-risk cardiovascular phenotype (eg, the manifestation of a diseased sinoatrial node) or just a benign accelerated ectopic pacemaker remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the cardiovascular outcomes and underlying mechanisms in patients with EAR. METHODS: From a 12-lead electrocardiogram hospital-based electrocardiogram database, a total of 2896 adults with EAR were propensity score matched at 1:5 with 14,480 patients with sinus rhythm (SR). Patients were retrospectively followed up for cardiovascular mortality (the primary outcome) and permanent pacemaker implantation (the secondary outcome). Heart rate variability was analyzed to compare autonomic function between patients with EAR and those with SR. RESULTS: The prevalence of EAR was 1.13%, which increased with age. Compared with the matched patients, those with EAR had a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.93; 95% confidence interval 1.52-2.44; P < .0001) and permanent pacemaker implantation (adjusted hazard ratio 5.94; 95% confidence interval 3.89-9.09; P < .0001) according to the Cox proportional hazards regression model. The risk of cardiovascular mortality was similar across the subgroups on the basis of age, sex, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, and chronic kidney diseases. In patients with EAR, the low frequency/high frequency and standard deviation of the mean normal-to-normal intervals/root mean square of successive RR interval differences ratios for heart rate variability were both lower than those in patients with SR. This implied autonomic imbalance in patients with EAR. CONCLUSION: Patients with EAR have a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality and permanent pacemaker implantation, which was associated with autonomic imbalance.

14.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 83(3): 245-250, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is frequently associated with cancer. This study aimed to assess patients with acute PE and identify diagnostic predictors of new cancer after 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one patients with PE were enrolled consecutively from the emergency department of a single medical center in Taiwan. Data from computed tomography angiography, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram and for baseline comorbidities, clinical presentation, and laboratory parameters were recorded. The surviving discharged patients without a cancer diagnosis were followed-up for 1 year, and new malignancies were recorded. RESULTS: Of 121 patients with acute PE, 44 (36%) had an underlying cancer history (cancer group), and 77 (64%) did not (noncancer group). Baseline demographic characteristics, comorbidities, clinical symptoms, biochemical parameters, echocardiogram data, and electrocardiogram data of the two groups were similar except for a higher hospital mortality rate (56.8% vs 9.1%; p < 0.001), lower body mass index (22.6 ± 4.1 vs 25.5 ± 4.9; p =0.02), higher systolic blood pressure (139.7 ± 33.7 vs 125.4 ± 24.1; p = 0.02), lower low-density lipoprotein level (67.4 ± 38.3 vs 90.4 ± 33.8; p = 0.04), lower creatinine kinase (CK; 43.0 ± 43.0 vs 83.5 ± 83.1; p = 0.01), higher myocardial band (MB) form of CK ratio (0.2 ± 0.2 vs 0.1 ± 0.1; p < 0.01), higher partial pressure of arterial oxygen (122.81 ± 81.2 vs 90.2 ± 59.4; p = 0.03), and less presentation of chest pain (15.9% vs 40.3%; p = 0.01) in the cancer group. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis revealed that the 30-day survival rate was higher in the noncancer group than in the cancer group (log-rank p = 0.04). After 1 year of follow-up, 6 of 59 (10.17%) initial non-cancer-related PE survivors were diagnosed with malignancies. After multivariate analysis, only the initial CK-MB level was associated with a diagnosis of new cancer (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.37, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.029-1.811; p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the CK-MB level is associated with future malignancy in patients with PE. Patients with cancer-related PE had a worse 30-day survival rate.

15.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(1): 9-17, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of refractory electrical storm (ES) requiring mechanical circulation support (MCS) remains a clinical challenge in structural heart disease (SHD). OBJECTIVE: The study sought to explore the 30-day and 1-year outcome of rescue ablation for refractory ES requiring MCS in SHD. METHODS: A total of 81 patients (mean age: 55.3 ± 18.9, 73 men [90.1%]) undergoing ablation were investigated, including 26 patients with ES requiring MCS (group 1) and 55 patients without (group 2). The 30-day and 1-year outcome, including mortality and recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VAs) receiving appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillators therapies, were assessed. RESULTS: The patients in group 1 were characterized by older age, more ischemic cardiomyopathies, worse left ventricular ejection fraction, and more comorbidities. Thirty days after ablation, overall events were seen in 15 patients (mortality in 10 and recurrent VA in 7), including pumping failure-related mortality in 6 (60%). During a 30-day follow-up, higher mortality was noted in group 1. After a 1-year follow-up, in spite of the higher mortality in group 1 (P < .001), the overall events and VA recurrences were similar between these two groups (P = .154 and P = .466, respectively). There was a significant reduction of VA burden in both groups and two patients had recurrent ES. CONCLUSION: Higher 30-day mortality was observed in patients undergoing rescue ablation for refractory ES requiring MCS, and pumping failure was the major cause of periprocedural death. Rescue ablation successfully prevented VA recurrences and resulted in a comparable 1-year prognosis between ES with and without MCS.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(4): 584-591, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) provides not only diagnostic information but also the prognostic implication of ablation in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate the role of SAECG in identifying arrhythmogenic substrates requiring an epicardial approach in ARVC. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with a definite diagnosis of ARVC who underwent successful ablation for drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmia were enrolled and classified into 2 groups: group 1 who underwent successful ablation at the endocardium only and group 2 who underwent successful ablation requiring an additional epicardial approach. The baseline characteristics of patients and SAECG parameters were obtained for analysis. RESULTS: Male predominance, worse right ventricular (RV) function, higher incidence of syncope, and depolarization abnormality were observed in group 2. Moreover, the number of abnormal SAECG criteria was higher in group 2 than in group 1. After a multivariate analysis, the independent predictors of the requirement of epicardial ablation included the number of abnormal SAECG criteria (odds ratio 2.8, 95% confidence interval 1.4-5.4; P = .003) and presence of syncope (odds ratio 11.7; 95% confidence interval 2.7-50.4; P = .001). In addition, ≥2 abnormal SAECG criteria were associated with larger RV endocardial unipolar low-voltage zone (P < .001), larger RV endocardial/epicardial bipolar low-voltage zone/scar (P < .05), and longer RV endocardial/epicardial total activation time (P < .001 and P = .004, respectively). CONCLUSION: The number of abnormal SAECG criteria was correlated with the extent of diseased epicardial substrates and could be a potential surrogate marker for predicting the requirement of epicardial ablation in patients with ARVC.

17.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 57(3): 353-359, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30694424

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The right ventricular (RV) septal unipolar voltage (UV) for predicting left ventricular (LV) septal scar wall thickness (WT) remains to be elucidated. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, data obtained from RV and LV electroanatomic maps of 28 patients (mean age, 53 ± 16 years; 19 men [67.9%]) with/without identified LV septal scars were reviewed. Patients with an RV septal scar were excluded (n = 90). Direct measurement of septal WT was conducted (mean distance, 10.4 ± 3.3 mm). Patients in group 1 had a normal LV substrate, while those in group 2 had an LV septal scar. Fisher's linear discriminant formula was used to determine the dynamic UV criteria. RESULTS: A total of 552 points were collected: 323 in 12 patients from group 1 and 229 in 16 patients from group 2. The UV of the RV septum is capable of identifying the opposite LV endocardial bipolar scar and is proportional to the WT of the interventricular septum. In the absence of an RV endocardial scar, the formula of "RV septal cut-off value = 0.736 × WT - 0.117 mV" has better sensitivity and specificity for predicting the LV septal scar (0.96 vs. 0.68 and 0.91 vs. 0.80, respectively) than the predefined fixed criteria of 8.3 mV with a net reclassification improvement of 25.7% (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The combined measurement of UV and WT is more sensitive than the predefined fixed UV criteria for defining deep scars.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 304: 75-81, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risks of dementia and hospitalization. Whether catheter ablation (CA) for AF might reduce such risks remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the effects of CA on dementia and hospitalization risks during a very long-term follow-up. METHODS: We studied a total of 787 AF patients receiving CA for AF treatment from 2003 to 2012 (AF CA group). The propensity score of this group was matched to another two cohorts: (a) AF patients without CA (AF no CA, n = 787) and (b) control patients without AF (n = 770). New onset of dementia of each subject was identified by ICD-9-CM codes, and information on hospitalization for AF was based on medical records. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the hazard ratios (HRs) for events. RESULTS: During 9.0 ± 2.6 year's follow-up, a total of 139 dementia events and 732 AF-related hospitalizations have occurred. AF CA group has lower incidence of dementia than AF no CA group (adjusted HR: 0.44, p = 0.005). AF related hospitalizations were also lower in the AF CA group than that in AF no CA group (adjusted HR: 0.72, p < 0.05). In AF patients aged >65 years, CA reduced the risk of dementia compared to those without CA (adjusted HR: 0.46, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In a 9-year follow-up, we found that CA had reduced the risk of dementia and hospitalization in AF patients, compared with those without CA. Such reduction in the risk of dementia was particularly clear in older AF patients (aged >65 years).

19.
Acta Cardiol Sin ; 35(5): 493-500, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571798

RESUMO

Background: The location of the accessory pathway (AP) can be precisely identified on surface electrocardiography (ECG) in adults with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, current algorithms to locate the AP in pediatric patients with WPW syndrome are limited. Objective: To propose an optimal algorithm that localizes the AP in pediatric patients with WPW syndrome. Methods: From 1992 to 2016, 180 consecutive patients aged below 18 years with symptomatic WPW syndrome were included. After the exclusion of patients with non-descriptive electrocardiography (ECG), multiple APs, congenital heart diseases, non-inducible tachycardia, and those who received a second ablation, 104 patients were analyzed retrospectively. Surface ECG was obtained before ablation and evaluated by using previously documented algorithms, from which a new pediatric algorithm was developed. Results: Previous algorithms were not highly accurate when used in pediatric patients with WPW syndrome. In the new algorithm, the R/S ratio of V1 and the polarity of the delta wave in lead I could distinguish right from the left side AP with 100% accuracy. The polarity of the delta wave of lead V1 could distinguish free wall AP from septal AP with an accuracy of 100% in left-side AP, compared to 88.6% in leads III and V1 for right-side AP. The overall accuracy was 92.3%. Conclusions: This simple, novel algorithm could differentiate left from right AP and septal from free wall AP in pediatric patients with WPW syndrome.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 296: 81-86, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466884

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) may be at higher risk for cancer, possibly due to the presence of coexisting risk factors. In this study, we investigate the magnitude and predictors of this potential risk within a population-based study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort included 332,555 AF patients aged ≥20 years without past history of cancer. Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was used as a measure of relative risk, comparing observed cancer incidence among patients with AF with that expected based on cancer incidence in the Taiwanese population. During the observation period, 22,911 incident cancers occurred with an incidence of 1.65%/year. Compared with the general population, AF patients had a significantly higher cancer risk with a SIR of 1.37 (95%CI = 1.36-1.39). Patients with new-onset AF had an elevated cancer risk which was highest within 1 year (SIR = 2.30; 95%CI, 2.25-2.36) and persisted beyond 10 years after AF was diagnosed (SIR = 1.18; 95%CI, 1.11-1.25). Age ≥ 65 years, male gender, hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and liver cirrhosis were significantly associated with development of cancers among AF patients. The hazard ratio of cancers increased from 1.40 (95%CI = 1.28-1.53) for patients having 1 risk factor to 5.14 (95%CI = 4.03-6.06) for patients with 6 risk factors, in comparison to those without any risk factors. CONCLUSION: In the nationwide cohort study, we show that AF patients had a higher risk of cancer. Age, male gender, hypertension, diabetes, COPD and liver cirrhosis are important risk factors of cancer among AF patients. Prompt and detailed examinations may be considered for incident AF patients with multiple risk factors to early detect the occult malignancy.

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