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1.
Front Oncol ; 11: 668505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34094962

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the clinicopathological features and BRAF V600E mutation of melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI). Materials and Methods: Eleven cases of MNTI diagnosed at the Department of Oral Pathology were collected. Clinicopathological characteristics were obtained from the medical records. Immunostaining was performed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Amplification-Refractory Mutation System-qPCR (ARMS-qPCR) and Sanger Sequencing were used to detect BRAF V600E mutation. Results: Of the 11 cases, 3 cases were female and 8 cases were male. The mean age of the first symptoms was 3.2 months (range: 1 to 6 months). Ten cases (90.9%) located in maxilla but only one (9.1%) in mandible. Most of the cases demonstrated well-defined mass with lytic bone destruction and tooth germ affecting radiologically. Histologically, MNTI was consisted of large polygonal melanin-producing epithelioid cells and small round neuroblast-like cells which arranged in irregular alveolar, tubuloglandular and fissured architecture. The epithelioid cells expressed Vim, Pan-CK, NSE and HMB45, while the smalls cells expressed Syn, NSE and scattered Vim. Most cases showed low Ki-67 index (range: <1% to 50%). None of the MNTI cases showed BRAF V600E mutation. Most cases were treated with enucleation (45.4%) or curettage (36.4%). Among the 11 cases, 6 cases had follow-up information, and 2 cases had recurrence lesions after surgery. Conclusion: MNTI, an extremely rare tumor, mainly affects male infants with strong preference for maxilla. Distinct histopathological features and immunohistochemical profile are helpful to distinguish from other melanin-containing tumors and small round cell tumors. No BRAF V600E mutation in MNTI is detected in the present study and needs further investigations. The factors that contribute to the local recurrence of MNTI are controversial, but the close follow-up for the patients is recommended.

2.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinicopathological features of epithelioid sarcoma presenting in head and neck region (HNES) and elucidate diagnostic key points and treatment options for HNES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 HNES cases were collected in our department from 2010 to 2020. Their clinical information and pathological features were documented, and relevant follow-up was performed. Immunohistochemistry was carried to analyze the protein markers of HNES. RESULTS: Of the 12 HNES cases, 10 were primary tumors and 2 were metastasized from foot and shoulder, respectively. The patients with primary tumors were significantly younger than those with metastasized ones (22.7 vs 41.5, p = .0157), and male patients outnumbered female patients (3:1). Of all HNES cases, 9 were classic subtype, and 3 were proximal subtype. HNES patients had a poor prognosis, with 5-year overall survival of 41.5% and 5-year relapse-free survival of 22.5%. A loss of INI1 was identified as the hallmark of HNES with 83.3% (10/12) of HNES cases presenting as EZH2 positive. CONCLUSIONS: HNES is more prevalent at younger ages and in males, has a poor prognosis, and exhibits a greater proportion of classic subtype than proximal subtype. EZH2 inhibitor has therapeutic potential in HNES.

3.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(5): 552-563, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temozolomide (TMZ) is a first-line chemotherapy drug for the treatment of malignant glioma and resistance to it poses a major challenge. Receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) is associated with the malignant character of cancer cells. However, it remains unclear whether RIP2 is involved in TMZ resistance in glioma. METHODS: RIP2 expression was inhibited in TMZ-resistant glioma cells and normal glioma cells by using small interfering RNA (siRNA) against RIP2. Plasmid transfection method was used to overexpress RIP2. Cell counting kit-8 assays were performed to evaluate cell viability. Western blotting or immunofluorescence was performed to determine RIP2, NF-κB, and MGMT expression in cells. Flow cytometry was used to investigate cell apoptosis. TMZ-resistant glioma xenograft models were established to evaluate the role of the RIP2/NF-κB/MGMT signaling pathway in drug resistance. RESULTS: We observed that RIP2 expression was upregulated in TMZ-resistant glioma cells, whereas silencing of RIP2 expression enhanced cellular sensitivity to TMZ. Similarly, upon the induction of RIP2 overexpression, glioma cells developed resistance to TMZ. The molecular mechanism underlying the process indicated that RIP2 can activate the NF-κB signaling pathway and upregulate the expression of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), following which the glioma cells develop drug resistance. In the TMZ-resistant glioma xenograft model, treatment with JSH-23 (an NF-κB inhibitor) and lomeguatrib (an MGMT inhibitor) could enhance the sensitivity of the transplanted tumor to TMZ. CONCLUSION: We report that the RIP2/NF-κB/MGMT signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of TMZ resistance. Interference with NF-κB or MGMT activity could constitute a novel strategy for the treatment of RIP2-positive TMZ-resistant glioma.

4.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 690-695, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and the management on the treatment and follow-up of this disease in Jiangsu Province, China. METHODS: The neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted to 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province from January to December, 2018, were enrolled as subjects. A retrospective analysis was performed on their mediacal data and follow-up data. RESULTS: In 2018, 740 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were reported from the 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province, accounting for 2.70% (740/27 386) of the total number of neonates admitted to the department of neonatology. Among these neonates, 620 (83.8%) had severe hyperbilirubinemia, 106 (14.3%) had extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia, and 14 (1.9%) had hazardous hyperbilirubinemia. Four neonates (0.5%) were diagnosed with acute bilirubin encephalopathy. A total of 484 neonates (65.4%) were readmitted due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the delivery institution, with a median age of 7 days, among whom 214 (44.2%) were followed up for jaundice at the outpatient service before readmission, with a median age of 6 days at the first time of outpatient examination. During hospitalization, 211 neonates (28.5%) underwent cranial MRI examinations, among whom 85 (40.3%) had high T1WI signal in the bilateral basal ganglia and the globus pallidus; 238 neonates (32.2%) underwent brainstem auditory evoked potential examinations, among whom 14 (5.9%) passed only at one side and 7 (2.9%) failed at both sides. The 17 neonates with acute bilirubin encephalopathy or hazardous hyperbilirubinemia were followed up. Except one neonate was lost to follow-up, and there were no abnormal neurological symptoms in the other neonates. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia account for a relatively high proportion of the total number of neonates in the department of neonatology. Jaundice monitoring and management after discharge from delivery institutions need to be strengthened. For neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia, relevant examinations should be carried out more comprehensively during hospitalization and these neonates should be followed up comprehensively and systematically after discharge.


Assuntos
Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal , Bilirrubina , China , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 130(3): e96-e105, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Primary pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma (PMH) of bone is an extremely rare vascular neoplasm. We present here a case of primary PMH occurring in the maxilla. STUDY DESIGN: A 34-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment because of possible recurrence after surgery and chemotherapy of a right maxillary malignant tumor. Morphologic features, immunophenotypes, and FOSB gene rearrangement status of the surgically sectioned sample were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, and fluorescence in situ hybridization, respectively. RESULTS: Morphologically, the tumor cells were arranged in a loose fascicular and sheet-like manner, with a large number of reactive woven bones forming. The most striking feature was the presence of epithelioid cells with abundant brightly eosinophilic cytoplasm, which resembled the rhabdomyoblast in appearance. The tumor was diffusely positive for AE1/AE3, CD31, erythroblast transformation-specific transcription factor, and Friend leukemia integration 1; negative for CD34, CAM5.2, epithelial membrane antigen, and desmin; and had retained expression of integrase interactor 1. The tumor harbored FOSB rearrangement. No distant metastasis was found during the follow-up period (18 months). CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this case represents the first report of PMH arising in the maxilla. The distinct morphologic features, immunophenotypes, and FOSB rearrangement could help achieve precise diagnosis and prevent misdiagnosis of mimics with overlapping features.


Assuntos
Hemangioendotelioma , Maxila , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos
6.
Oral Dis ; 26(4): 805-814, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinicopathological features, BRAF V600E mutation, and MAML2 rearrangement of ameloblastoma with mucous cell differentiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five cases of ameloblastoma with mucous cell differentiation were retrospectively studied. Clinicopathological features, BRAF V600E mutation, and MAML2 rearrangement were analyzed. Follow-up information was available for all cases. RESULTS: Of five cases, two cases were male and three were female, aged 18-55 years. Four cases were located in the mandible and one case in the maxilla. Histologically, four of the five cases (80%) presented with cystic features and three of the five cases (60%) with varying degrees of squamous metaplasia. The mucous cells were located in the epithelial islands or the luminal aspect of the cystic cavities. The BRAF V600E mutation was found in three of five cases (60%). All the cases showed no MAML2 rearrangement. Two cases were recurrent lesions, and one case had a local recurrence during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Ameloblastoma with mucous cell differentiation is closely related to the cystic features, squamous metaplasia, and shows a high prevalence of BRAF V600E mutation. The absence of MAML2 rearrangement reveals that ameloblastoma with mucous cell differentiation and central mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) are two distinct tumor entities.


Assuntos
Ameloblastoma/genética , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Transativadores/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Ameloblastoma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(5): 557-560, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274493

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To construct clinical practice system, making up for the shortcomings in the instructional framework of oral histology and pathology, promoting the integration of theory and clinical practice, and enhancing teaching quality of long-term students of stomatology. METHODS: Laying down clinical practice plans and formulating technical operation criteria for pathological experiments, constructing a complete database and training high-level teachers, and evaluating through the following three aspects: practice assessment, teacher-student symposium and questionnaire survey. RESULTS: After completing the clinical practice, the students got the average score of 89.37. In questionnaire survey, the students generally expressed that they had a better understanding of the specialized characteristics and routine skills of the speciality, and improved their practical ability, thus stimulating their interest in self-directed learning. CONCLUSIONS: The construction and practice of clinical practice system of oral histology and pathology can effectively improve the educational objectives and teaching quality of this discipline, which will play a positive role in scientific research and future medical work of long-term students majoring in stomatology.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Patologia Bucal , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino
8.
J Res Med Sci ; 23: 90, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30505328

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this study is to evaluate the value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for becoming a good endogenous marker of renal function in asphyxial preterm babies. Materials and Methods: This is a two-center retrospective study. Between October 2016 and October 2017, 71 asphyxial preterm infants were included in asphyxia group. Seventy babies were randomly included in control group. Samples were tested at 24, 48, and 96 h after birth. Quantitative data were compared by independent sample t-test or repeated measures ANOVA. For qualitative data, Pearson's Chi-squared test was performed. Draw ROC and compare the area under the curve (AUC), 95% confidence interval for AUC, specificity (Spe), sensitivity (Sen), and Youden index (Sen+Spe-1) at 24-h, 48-h, and 96-h time points. Results: (1) There are no significant differences concerning on baseline data. However, blood gas, Apgar score, and resuscitation showed a significant difference (P < 0.05). (2) In 24-h samples, only uNGAL and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) showed differences between the two groups (P < 0.05). In 48-h samples, significant differences could be found in uKIM-1, uNGAL, blood urea nitrogen, and eGFR (P < 0.05). In 96-h samples, almost all indicators have significant differences except urine output and eGFR (P < 0.05). (3) All biomarkers showed statistical difference in the three time points (P < 0.05), but only uNGAL showed a downward trend after the increase of expression. (4) uNGAL has better Sen and Spe than other indicators (24-h AUC 0.870, Youden index 0.606; 48-h AUC 0.879, Youden index 0.692; and 96-h AUC 0.806, Youden index 0.606). Conclusion: uNGAL has a better distinguishability in asphyxial neonates compared with other indicators. Certainly, a larger sample, prospective study is still needed.

9.
J Paediatr Child Health ; 54(3): 284-288, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960558

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the level of cystatin C (Cys-C) values in preterm babies for the purpose of becoming a good endogenous marker of renal function. METHODS: A total of 366 very low-birthweight infants (including 70 extremely low-birthweight babies) with gestational age <37 weeks born in two centres were studied. RESULTS: In very low-birthweight infants, the mean level of Cys-C was 1.96 ± 0.44 mg/L in blood samples taken on day 1, 1.78 ± 0.49 mg/L on day 7 and 1.71 ± 0.47 mg/L on day 28. In extremely low-birthweight infants, the mean level of Cys-C was 2.00 ± 0.49 mg/L on day 1, 1.63 ± 0.38 mg/L on day 7 and 1.62 ± 0.55 mg/L on day 28, respectively. Compared to serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen, Cys-C level was independent of birthweight and gestational age. CONCLUSION: Cys-C is regarded as an alternative for assessing renal function in very low-birthweight infants, but its advantages over serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen has not been fully proved yet. Hence, larger sample study is still necessary.


Assuntos
Cistatina C/sangue , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso/sangue , Valores de Referência , Peso ao Nascer , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , China , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/sangue , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino
10.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 13(4): 715-719, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28901320

RESUMO

AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features and outcomes of thyroid carcinoma (TC) in children and adolescent population treated in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We gathered 43 TC patients 18 years of age or under initial diagnosed between 2009 and 2010 from two hospitals. Patient's clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: (1) The incidence of TC is higher in women (2.4 vs. 1.6). Papillary carcinoma accounted for the major type (67.4%). There was significant difference in tumor number, extra thyroidal invasion, and distant metastasis when compared with the children group (P < 0.05). There were higher proportions of patients with lymph node metastasis (LNM) and radioiodine therapy in adolescent patients. (2) Thyroid peroxidase antibody, thyroglobulin, thyroglobulin antibody, and urine iodine had higher levels as compared to the normal reference range. Moreover, FT3 and urine iodine showed statistical significances in adolescent group (P < 0.05). (3) Papillary carcinoma and medullary TC are more likely to have LNM extrathyroidal invasion. (4) No significant differences were seen in recurrence rate or survival rate. Pulmonary metastasis was the most common way of cancer metastasis. CONCLUSION: The initial workup is crucial in determining benign from malignant lesions. Surgery is the most effective therapy even if it is associated with more complications in children. There is an extremely good prognosis for pediatric TC even distant metastasis happens.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/radioterapia , Carcinoma Papilar/radioterapia , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/radioterapia , Adolescente , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Glândula Tireoide/fisiologia , Glândula Tireoide/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
11.
Head Neck ; 39(12): 2416-2424, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28945292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to establish an effective prognostic nomogram for carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ca-ex-PA) of the salivary gland. METHODS: The nomogram was based on a retrospective study on 223 patients who underwent surgical operation for Ca-ex-PA from 2001 to 2010. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomogram were determined by concordance index (C-index) and calibration curve. The results were validated using bootstrap resampling and a prospective study on 111 patients operated on from 2011 to 2012. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis of the primary cohort, independent factors for disease-specific survival (DSS) were age, tumor diameter, degree of capsule invasion, lymph node metastasis, and the interaction between tumor site and histological subtype, which were all selected into the nomogram. The C-index of the nomogram for predicting DSS was 0.90 and 0.86 in the primary cohort and validation cohort, respectively. CONCLUSION: The proposed nomogram resulted in more accurate prognostic predictions for patients with Ca-ex-PA.


Assuntos
Adenoma Pleomorfo/mortalidade , Adenoma Pleomorfo/cirurgia , Causas de Morte , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/mortalidade , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/cirurgia , Adenoma Pleomorfo/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândulas Salivares/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 26(2): 237-240, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28815260

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching". The number of clinicopathological cases for presentation and class discussion was increased, and high-quality teaching slides were added and replaced the poor-quality or worn out slides. We established a variety of teaching methods based on the internet, which provided an environment of self-directed learning for dental students. Instead of simple slice-reading examination, a new evaluation system based on computer was established. RESULTS: The questionnaire survey showed that the students spoke positively on the teaching reform for experimental course. They thought that the reform played a significant role in enriching the teaching content, motivating learning interest and promoting self-study. Compared with traditional examination, computer-based examination showed a great advantage on mastering professional knowledge systematically and comprehensively. CONCLUSIONS: The measures adopted in our teaching reform not only effectively improve the teaching quality of experimental course of oral histopathology, but also help the students to have a clear, logical thinking when facing complicated diseases and have the ability to apply theoretical knowledge into clinical practice.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Aprendizagem , Patologia/educação , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Ensino
13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 19(5): 505-509, 2017 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28506338

RESUMO

Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China. zhuchuanlong@jsph.org.cn.


Assuntos
Ácido Glicirrízico/uso terapêutico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comprimidos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27546212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic factors of salivary carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ca-ex-PA) and widely invasive Ca-ex-PA in a Chinese population. STUDY DESIGN: The clinicopathologic parameters of 361 patients with primary Ca-ex-PA from our 2001-2012 cohort were retrospectively reviewed, and the correlation between the parameters and disease-specific survival was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Of 361 patients with Ca-ex-PA, 229 were male, 132 were female. 191 tumors were invasive carcinoma, 77 minimally invasive, and 93 noninvasive. For 334 (93%) patients, follow-up information was available, and only one of 160 patients with noninvasive or minimally invasive Ca-ex-PA died as a result of the tumor. Of 174 patients with widely invasive Ca-ex-PA, 54 (31%) died as a result of the tumor. Using the Kaplan-Meier method, age, T stage, N stage, histologic grade, and proportion of carcinoma were found to be significantly associated with disease-specific survival of widely invasive Ca-ex-PA. Cox regression analysis indicated that T stage and N stage were independent prognostic factors of disease-specific survival of widely invasive Ca-ex-PA. CONCLUSIONS: Widely invasive Ca-ex-PA had a much worse clinical outcome compared with noninvasive or minimally invasive Ca-ex-PA. T stage and N stage are the most important independent factors for predicting prognosis in Chinese patients with widely invasive Ca-ex-PA.


Assuntos
Adenoma Pleomorfo/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adenoma Pleomorfo/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/mortalidade
15.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 25(1): 121-4, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27063324

RESUMO

Oral histology and pathology is one of the most important courses in stomatological education which works as a bridge between basic medical courses and clinical courses of oral science. The knowledge of oral histopathology may help the students to correctly understand the histogenesis and development of oral diseases and provide the information for correct treatment and prevention. In order to make the students grasp the necessary basic theories, increase the interest in learning, and improve the teaching effect, we explored a diversified teaching system which included diverse teaching modes, online courses and courseware construction. The application of this system offered the interaction between students and teachers and combination of classes with the internet, and made the boring pathological knowledge be associated with clinical practice. These diversified teaching methods had been used in practice and obtained good teaching results.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Medicina Bucal/educação , Estudantes , Técnicas Histológicas , Humanos , Patologia Bucal/educação
16.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(8): 13911-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26550347

RESUMO

PDZK1 acts as a scaffolding protein for a large variety of transporter and regulatory proteins, and has been identified in the kidney. The PDZK1 locus has been determined to be associated with the serum urate concentration. However, the evidence supporting this protein's association with gout is equivocal. In the current study, we investigated the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs12129861 and rs1967017) in the PDZK1 gene with gout in a male Chinese Han population. A total of 824 subjects were enrolled in this case-control study (400 gout cases and 424 controls). PDZK1 genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ligase detection reaction (LDR) assays methods. The relationships were evaluated using the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their 95 % confidence intervals (CI). The results of our case-control study demonstrated that the gout and control groups exhibited significant differences in the distribution of genotypes at rs12129861 (OR = 0.727, P = 0.015) and rs1967017 (OR = 0.705, P = 0.016), suggesting that PDZK1 genetic polymorphisms were associated with increased risks of gout in male Han Chinese. However, there were no differences in the distribution of genotypes at rs12129861 (odds ratio (OR) = 0.744, P > 0.05) and rs1967017 (OR = 0.706, P > 0.05) in patients with gout with kidney stones and without kidney stones.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26166030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the endothelin receptor B (EDNRB) expression in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and the mechanism of the regulation of EDNRB expression. STUDY DESIGN: After screening, EDNRB was selected, and the expression was detected using immunohistochemistry in 33 ACC samples (including 6 clinical tumor stage 1 [T1] patients, 13 T2 patients, 9 T3 patients, and 5 T4 patients) and 20 adjacent glands. Interaction between the EDNRB promoter region and histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) was examined using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) in combination with ChIP-polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-PCR). EDNRB expression in ACC cells treated with chaetocin was detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot tests. RESULTS: EDNRB expression was lower in ACC than that in adjacent glands (P = .006). The expression of EDNRB in patients with advanced T stage was lower than that in patients with early T stage (P = .024). The low EDNRB gene expression group had more H3K9me3 binding regions in the gene promoter (P = .003). EDNRB gene expression significantly increased in the ACC cell lines after treatment with chaetocin. Chaetocin could reduce the interaction between the EDNRB promoter and H3K9me3. CONCLUSIONS: H3K9me3 binding to the EDNRB promoter region could reduce the EDNRB expression. Low EDNRB expression played a role in the progression of ACC tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Receptor de Endotelina B/metabolismo , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , Feminino , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
18.
Neurol Sci ; 36(11): 2043-51, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26130145

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore the clinical characteristics and etiology of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) in China by retrospectively analyzing five MERS cases from the Jiangsu Provincial Hospital within a total of 27 reported MERS cases from available Chinese literature. Most of the 27 cases originated near the eastern and southern parts of China. Ages for 23 MERS cases were under 30 years and the female-to-male ratio was 1:1.25. The major causes of MERS included infection, antiepileptic drug withdrawal, high-altitude cerebral edema, and cesarean section (C-section). Hyponatremia was also observed in 10 MERS cases. All patients had a complete recovery within a month. Steroids and IVIG were the most commonly used therapy for MERS, but their efficiency remained questionable.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Corpo Caloso/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Encefalopatias/patologia , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/terapia , Pré-Escolar , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 40(6): 479-83, 488, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26887211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture stimulation of acupoints of the Conception Vessel, Kidney Meridian, Spleen Meridian, and Bladder Meridian on menstrual cycles and duration, and serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estrogen 2 (E(2)) levels in patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). METHODS: A total of 96 patients with DOR of both yin and yang deficiency were randomly divided into medication group and acupuncture group (n = 48 cases in each group). Patients of the medication group were treated by Estradiol Valerate tablets, 2 mg/d on the first 10 days, and Estradiol Cyproterone, 3 mg/d from day 11 to 21, followed by 5 -7 days' rest, and the next therapeutic course, continuously for 6 months. For patients of the acupuncture group, filiform acupuncture needles were separately inserted into every 5 points of the Conceptional Vessel, Kidney, Spleen and Bladder Meridians, manipulated with uniform reinforcing and reducing methods till Deqi, and retained for 40 min. The treatment was conducted once daily for consecutive 10 days in one menstrual cycle, beginning from the 10(th) day on after menstruation, which was repeated for 6 months. The integrative scores (normal = 0, mild=2, moderate=4 and severe=6 points) of menstrual cycle, menstrual duration, amount, color, quality [blood blot or ame- nia, symptoms of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)] were assessed according to "Guiding Principles for Clinical Trials of New Drugs of Chinese Materia Medica". Serum FSH, LH and E(2) contents were detected by Roche's electrochemical luminescence method. RESULTS: After the treatment, of the two 48 cases in the medication and acupuncture groups, 12 (25.0%) and 20 (4.7) were cured, 11 (22.9 %) and 12 (25.0 %) experienced marked improvement in their symptoms, 20 (41.7%) and 10 (20.8%) were effective, and 5 (10.4%) and 6 (12.5%) failed, with the effective rate being 89.6% and 87.5%, respectively. The integral score of TOM symptoms, menstrual cycle, serum FSH, LH and E2 contents were considerably diminished in both groups after 6 months of treatment (P<0.05), and the TOM symptom score, menstrual cycle, and serum FSH, LH and E2 levels were significantly lower in the acupuncture group than in the medication group 6 months after cease of the treatment (P<0.05), while the menstrual duration in each cycle was notably longer in both groups after the treatment, and evidently longer in the acupuncture group than in the medication group 6 months after cease of the treatment (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the two groups in the effective rate, score of TOM symptoms, menstrual cycle and duration, and serum FSH, LH and E(2) contents following the treatment (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture stimulation of acupoints of the Conception Vessel, Kidney, Spleen, and Bladder Meridians is effective in improving clinical symptoms of DOR patients with deficiency of both yin and yang, and has a longer effect, which may be closely associated with its functions in lowering serum FSH, LH and E(2) levels through regulating the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Reserva Ovariana , Deficiência da Energia Yang/terapia , Deficiência da Energia Yin/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adulto , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Deficiência da Energia Yang/metabolismo , Deficiência da Energia Yang/fisiopatologia , Deficiência da Energia Yin/metabolismo , Deficiência da Energia Yin/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
PLoS One ; 9(10): e110159, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25302792

RESUMO

In addition to the clinicopathological parameters, molecular biomarkers are becoming increasingly important in the prognostic evaluation of cancer patients. This study aimed to determine the molecular alterations in the RAS association domain family protein1A gene (RASSF1A) in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and to evaluate the potential of such alterations as prognostic markers. One hundred and sixty-seven ACC tumor tissues and 50 samples of matched normal salivary gland tissues from the same patients were analyzed for RASSF1A promoter methylation status by bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) and/or methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Fifty ACC tumor tissues and matched normal salivary gland tissues were analyzed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) by examining two microsatellite markers (D3S1478, D3S1621) at 3p21. RASSF1A gene mutations were detected by direct sequencing of all six exons in 50 tumor and normal tissue specimens. Over-all, RASSF1A promoter hypermethylation was detected in 35.3% (59/167) of ACC tissues and was associated with histologically solid tumor pattern (P = 0.002) and advanced TNM stage (P = 0.014). RASSF1A LOH was observed in 18.0% (9/50) of cases, and no somatic mutation of RASSF1A was detected in any cases. RASSF1A promoter methylation was associated with the poor over-all survival (Log-rank test, P <0.001) and disease-free survival (Log-rank test, P <0.001) and identified as an independent predicator of over-all patient survival (P = 0.009) and disease-free survival (P <0.001). It was concluded that RASSF1A methylation is involved in the development, differentiation and progression of ACC and is a strong independent biomarker of poor survival in ACC patients in a Chinese population.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/genética , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/mortalidade , Metilação de DNA , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/mortalidade , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia
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