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1.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-7, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665950

RESUMO

Background: Treatment of neonatal seizures includes etiotropic and anticonvulsant treatments. However, anticonvulsant use in neonates is off-label and requires ethical review.Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam for neonatal seizures and to establish a predictive model.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 125 neonatal seizure cases (phenobarbital 66 cases, levetiracetam 59 cases). The efficacy, safety and tolerability of levetiracetam were evaluated by cox regression survival analysis and a regression tree prediction model for the 16-week time point.Results: There was no significant difference between phenobarbital and levetiracetam treatment group in short-term efficacy (p > 0.05). But the cumulative survival function suggested that levetiracetam treatment group was better than phenobarbital (p = 0.026) in long-term efficacy evaluation. Neurodevelopmental assessments at 16 weeks showed that levetiracetam had better effect on the neurodevelopmental level (Gesell scores in response) than phenobarbital (p = 0.011). The main adverse events with levetiracetam were irritability and anorexia. According to the regression tree prediction model, the top three factors influencing the therapeutic effect were pre-treatment seizure frequency, age of onset and etiological classification.Conclusion: Levetiracetam shows good efficacy, safety and tolerability for the long-term neonatal seizure treatment.

2.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of cancer-related death in males. Aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is frequently reported in human malignancies. This study was performed to explore the role of LSAMP-AS1 in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells. METHODS: Initially, the differentially expressed lncRNAs in PCa were screened out by microarray analysis. The clinicopathological and prognostic significance of LSAMP-AS1 was evaluated. LSAMP-AS1 was over-expressed or silenced to investigate the roles in EMT, proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells. Moreover, the relationships between LSAMP-AS1 and miR-183-5p, as well as miR-183-5p and decorin (DCN) were characterized. The tumorigenicity of PCa cells was verified in nude mice. RESULTS: LSAMP-AS1 was poorly expressed in PCa tissues and cells. Low expression of LSAMP-AS1 was indicative of poor overall survival and disease-free survival, and related to Gleason score, TNM stage, and risk stratification. Over-expressed LSAMP-AS1 inhibited EMT, proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells, as well as tumor growth in nude mice. Meanwhile, over-expression of LSAMP-AS1 resulted in up-regulation of E-cadherin and down-regulation of Vimentin, N-cadherin, Ki67, PCNA, MMP-2, MMP-9, Ezrin and Fascin. Notably, LSAMP-AS1 competitively bound to miR-183-5p which directly targets DCN. It was confirmed that the inhibitory effect of LSAMP-AS1 on PCa cells was achieved by binding to miR-183-5p, thus promoting the expression of DCN. CONCLUSION: LSAMP-AS1 up-regulates the DCN gene by competitively binding to miR-183-5p, thus inhibiting EMT, proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells.

3.
Am J Surg ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: General surgery residencies continue to experience high levels of attrition. METHODS: Survey of general surgery residents administered with the 2018 American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination. Outcomes were consideration of leaving residency, potential alternative career paths, and reasons for staying in residency. RESULTS: Among 7,409 residents, 930 (12.6%) reported considering leaving residency over the last year. Residents were more likely to consider other general surgery programs (46.2%) if PGY 2/3 (OR: 1.93, 95%CI 1.34-2.77) or reporting frequent duty hour violations (OR: 1.58, 95%CI 1.12-2.24). Consideration of other specialties (47.0%) was more likely if dissatisfied with being a surgeon (OR 2.86, 95%CI 1.92-4.26). Residents were more likely to consider leaving medicine (49.7%) if female (OR: 1.54, 95%CI 1.16-2.06) or dissatisfied with a surgical career (OR: 2.81, 95%CI 1.85-4.27). Common reasons for remaining in residency included a sense of too much invested to leave (65.3%) and career satisfaction (55.5%). CONCLUSION: Profiles of trainees considering leaving residency exist based on factors associated with alternative careers. This may be a target for future interventions to reduce attrition.

5.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 211, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-tuberculosis therapy requires at least six-month treatment with continuous administration of combined antibiotics, including isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. The long-term exposure to antibiotics could cause consequent changes in gut microbiota, which may alter the gastrointestinal function and drug absorption in patients, thereby affect the outcome of treatment. The study aims to characterize the longitudinal changes of gut microbiota among tuberculosis (TB) patients under standardized first-line treatment and provide an understanding of the association between alterations in gut microbiota composition and unfavorable clinical outcomes. METHODS: The study is a multicenter, observational prospective cohort study. Three study sites are purposively selected in the western (Sichuan Province) and eastern (Jiangsu Province and Shanghai) parts of China. Three-hundred patients with bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary TB are enrolled. All eligible patients should be investigated using structured questionnaires before treatment initiation; and be followed up during the treatment at Day-14, Month-2, Month-5, the end of treatment and the sixth month after ending therapy. Stool samples are to be collected at each visit, consisting of six stool samples from each patient. Additionally, 60 healthy volunteers from Sichuan province and Shanghai city will be recruited as healthy controls to form the baseline of patient gut microbiota in the Chinese population. The dynamic changes of gut microbiota in terms of alpha diversity, beta diversity, taxonomic composition are to be illustrated individually from the time at diagnosis until the sixth month after therapy is completed. Furthermore, the diversity and component of gut microbiota will be compared between the groups with and without unfavorable treatment outcome in terms of adverse effect and treatment failure. DISCUSSION: Studies on the clinical manifestations, adverse reactions, and gut microbiota alterations will provide scientifically-sound evidence on the impact of gut microbiota alterations on TB treatment outcomes. The study is not only useful for guiding personalized TB treatment but also sheds light on the effects of continuous antibiotics administration on gut microbiota. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, trial ID: ChiCTR1900023369, May 24, 2019. Retrospectively registered.

6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glucosinolates (GSLs) are secondary metabolites, mainly existing in Brassica vegetables. Their breakdown products have health benefits and contribute to the distinctive taste of these vegetables. Because of their high value, there is a lot of interest in developing breeding strategies to increase the content of beneficial GSLs in Brassica species. GSLs are synthesized from certain amino acids and their biological roles depend largely on the structure of their side chains. Flavin-containing monooxygenase genes (FMOGS-OX ) are involved in the synthesis of these side chains. To better understand GSL biosynthesis, we sequenced the transcriptomes of turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) tubers at four developmental stages (S1-S4) and determined their GSL content. RESULTS: The total GSL content was high at the early stage (S1) of tuber development and increased up to S3, then decreased at S4.We detected 61 differentially expressed genes, including five FMOGS-OX genes, that were related to GSL biosynthesis among the four developmental stages. Most of these genes were highly expressed at stages S1 to S3, but their expression was much lower at S4. We estimated the effect of the five FMOGS-OX genes on GSL content by overexpressing them in turnip hairy roots and found that the amount of aliphatic GSLs increased significantly in the transgenic plants. CONCLUSION: The transcriptome data and characterization of genes involved in GSL biosynthesis, particularly the FMOGS-OX genes, will be valuable for improving the yield of beneficial GSLs in turnip and other Brassica crops. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Langmuir ; 35(42): 13536-13542, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574218

RESUMO

Dual-trap optical tweezers have been used to directly measure the interaction forces between two silica particles upon controlling the concentration of the ionic surfactant sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS). By capturing two silica particles in one spot optical trap and one linear optical trap and controlling the linear trap to bring one particle to approach another sufficiently closer, the interaction forces between these two particles can be measured as the separation distance changes. Results showed that with increasing concentrations of SDBS, the interaction force between the two silica particles emerges at closer surface distance between two silica particles. Only repulsive force exists between silica particles below the critical micelle concentration (cmc) of SDBS and it could be well-fitted using the classical Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory. However, the depletion attraction force appears above the cmc of SDBS which is induced by the generation of SDBS micelles. By in situ measurement of the interaction force between two silica particles in the presence of different concentrations of SDBS, the depletion force can be quantitatively calculated.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627270

RESUMO

The demand for phenolic compounds has been increasing rapidly, which has intensified the production and usage of phenol at a commercial scale. In some polluted water bodies, phenol has become one of the typical aromatic contaminants. Such water bodies are inescapably influenced by nutrients from human activities, and also suffer from nuisance cyanobacterial blooms. While phenolic pollution threatens water safety and ecological balance, algal cells are ubiquitous and sensitive to pollutants. Therefore, effects of phenolic pollution on interspecific competition between a bloom-forming cyanobacterium and other common alga merit quantitative investigation. In this study, the effects of phenol on Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa, a bloom-forming cyanobacterium) and Chlorella pyrenoidosa (C. pyrenoidosa, a ubiquitous green alga) were analyzed in mono- and co-cultures. The two species were exposed to a series of phenol treatments (0, 2, 20, and 200 µg mL-1). Population dynamics were measured by a flow cytometer and analyzed by the Lotka-Volterra model. The results showed that M. aeruginosa was more sensitive to phenol (EC50 = 80.8 ± 0.16 µg mL-1) compared to C. pyrenoidosa (EC50 = 631.4 ± 0.41 µg mL-1) in mono-cultures. M. aeruginosa won in the co-cultures when phenol was below or equal to 20 µg mL-1, while C. pyrenoidosa became the dominant species in the 200 µg mL-1 treatment. Photosynthetic activity was measured by a fluometer. Results showed phenol significantly impacted the photosynthetic activity of M. aeruginosa by inhibiting the acceptor side of its photosystem II (PSII), while such inhibition in C. pyrenoidosa was only observed in the highest phenol treatment (200 µg mL-1). This study provides a better understanding for predicting the succession of algal community structure in water bodies susceptible to phenolic contamination. Moreover, it reveals the mechanism on photosynthetic responses of these two species under phenolic stress.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14909, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624309

RESUMO

Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment (OLGIM) were adopted to evaluate gastric risk stratification in five biopsy samples. This study aimed to evaluate the degree of gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) in five locations to detect a more representative biopsy sample in gastric cancer (GC) screening. Our study enrolled 368 patients and 5 biopsy pieces were acquired from them. Gastric risk stratification was calculated by OLGA and OLGIM staging system. The results revealed that the IM score in the incisura angularis was higher than that in the larger and lesser curvature of corpus mucosa (p = 0.037 and p = 0.030, respectively) and the IM score in the lesser curvature of antrum mucosa was higher than that in the incisura angularis mucosa (p = 0.018). IM is more frequently observed in the angulus region than in the lesser curvature of corpus in the mild degree (p = 0.004) and mild IM lesions in the lesser curvature of antrum were more frequently observed than in the incisura angularis mucosa (p = 0.004), Four biopsy pieces protocol (larger curvature and lesser curvature of the antrum, lesser curvature of the corpus and angulus) demonstrated accurate consistency (97.83% and 98.37%, respectively) with a Kendall's tau-b of higher than 0.990, along with low misdiagnosis rates of OLGA and OLGIM (III + IV) (9.76% and 5.00%, respectively). Three biopsy pieces protocol (lesser curvature of the antrum and corpus, angulus biopsy) in OLGA and OLGIM staging system was close to the standard protocol (five biopsy specimens) with a consistency of 94.84% and 94.29% and has a Kendall's tau-b higher than 0.950 and diagnostic omission rates of 9.76% and 5.00%, respectively, which was exactly the same with the four biopsy pieces protocol. Furthermore, it had the second-highest Youden index (0.902 and 0.950, respectively) and area under the ROC curve (0.992 and 0.996, respectively) for the screening of high-risk GC by OLGA and OLGIM stages. Thus, we recommended the angulus and the lesser curvature of antrum as a conventional biopsy and three biopsy pieces for further GC risk screening.

10.
Nanotechnology ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645020

RESUMO

The optical properties of CsPbCl3 perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) with varied sizes were studied in the temperature range from 80 to 320 K by steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The CsPbCl3 NCs were synthesized with a hot-injection approach at reaction temperature of 140-180 ℃. The PL emissions in NC films originate from localized excitons. It is found that NC films shows a significant decrease in PL intensity with increasing temperature while they exhibit a clear increase in PL lifetime from 80 K to around 250 K and then a reduction at high temperature. The abnormal temperature dependence of PL lifetimes in NC films is related to thermal activation of trapped carriers in the NCs. The change of average lifetimes with emission energy indicates the thermal degradation result from the loss of ligands on the surface of NC films. Moreover, the PL intensities, peak energies, and bandwidths of the NC films as a function of temperature were discussed detail.

11.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(21): 6865-6872, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599595

RESUMO

Solution-processable organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells have attracted much attention in the past few years. Energy level alignment is of great importance for improving the performance of perovskite solar cells because it strongly influences charge separation and recombination. In this report, we introduce three amide additives, namely, formamide, acetamide, and urea, into the MAPbI3 perovskite by mixing them directly in perovskite precursor solutions. The Fermi level of MAPbI3 shifts from -4.36 eV to -4.63, -4.65, and -4.61 eV, respectively, upon addition of these additives. The charge transfer between perovskite and mp-TiO2 is found to be promoted as determined via TRPL spectra, and recombination in the perovskite is suppressed. As a result, the built-in electric field (Vbi) of the printable, hole-conductor-free mesoscopic perovskite solar cells based on these perovskites with amide additives is enhanced and a peak power conversion efficiency of 15.57% is obtained.

12.
N Engl J Med ; 381(18): 1741-1752, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physicians, particularly trainees and those in surgical subspecialties, are at risk for burnout. Mistreatment (i.e., discrimination, verbal or physical abuse, and sexual harassment) may contribute to burnout and suicidal thoughts. METHODS: A cross-sectional national survey of general surgery residents administered with the 2018 American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination assessed mistreatment, burnout (evaluated with the use of the modified Maslach Burnout Inventory), and suicidal thoughts during the past year. We used multivariable logistic-regression models to assess the association of mistreatment with burnout and suicidal thoughts. The survey asked residents to report their gender. RESULTS: Among 7409 residents (99.3% of the eligible residents) from all 262 surgical residency programs, 31.9% reported discrimination based on their self-identified gender, 16.6% reported racial discrimination, 30.3% reported verbal or physical abuse (or both), and 10.3% reported sexual harassment. Rates of all mistreatment measures were higher among women; 65.1% of the women reported gender discrimination and 19.9% reported sexual harassment. Patients and patients' families were the most frequent sources of gender discrimination (as reported by 43.6% of residents) and racial discrimination (47.4%), whereas attending surgeons were the most frequent sources of sexual harassment (27.2%) and abuse (51.9%). Proportion of residents reporting mistreatment varied considerably among residency programs (e.g., ranging from 0 to 66.7% for verbal abuse). Weekly burnout symptoms were reported by 38.5% of residents, and 4.5% reported having had suicidal thoughts during the past year. Residents who reported exposure to discrimination, abuse, or harassment at least a few times per month were more likely than residents with no reported mistreatment exposures to have symptoms of burnout (odds ratio, 2.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.58 to 3.36) and suicidal thoughts (odds ratio, 3.07; 95% CI, 2.25 to 4.19). Although models that were not adjusted for mistreatment showed that women were more likely than men to report burnout symptoms (42.4% vs. 35.9%; odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.20 to 1.48), the difference was no longer evident after the models were adjusted for mistreatment (odds ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.80 to 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Mistreatment occurs frequently among general surgery residents, especially women, and is associated with burnout and suicidal thoughts.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Internato e Residência , Abuso Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Discriminação Social/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Abuso Físico/psicologia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Relações Profissional-Família , Fatores Sexuais , Assédio Sexual/psicologia , Discriminação Social/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 598-603, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of early postpartum urinary incontinence in parturients from Chengdu, and to find out the high-risk factors for reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A total of 9 918 parturient women who gave delivery at the West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2014 to January 2018 were enrolled and reviewed 6 weeks after delivery. The prevalence of urinary incontinence at 6 weeks postpartum was investigated by questionnaire. χ2 test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prevalence. RESULTS: 9 550 parturient women were actually investigated. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was 15.53% (1 483/9 550) at 6 weeks postpartum in Chengdu, among which stress urinary incontinence was the most common (73.03%, 1 083/1 483). Univariate analysis showed that age, pelvic surgery history, prenatal body mass index (BMI), urinary incontinence during pregnancy, neonatal body mass, the number of parturition, delivery mode, lateral perineal incision, perineal laceration and prolonged second stage of labor were all correlated with the occurrence of urinary incontinence at 6 weeks postpartum (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that cesarean section can reduce the risk of urinary incontinence compared with vaginal delivery 〔odds ratio (OR)=0.373, P < 0.001〕. Age≥35 yr. (OR=1.803, P=0.001), pelvic surgery history (OR=1.260, P=0.003), BMI≥28 kg/m2 during pregnancy (OR=1.694, P=0.025), urinary incontinence during pregnancy (OR=2.605, P < 0.001), neonatal body mass ≥4 kg (OR=2.307, P=0.040), multipara (OR=1.284, P=0.023) and perineal laceration (OR=1.372, P=0.035) were independent risk factors for urinary incontinence at 6 weeks postpartum. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary incontinence at 6 weeks postpartum is not rare in Chengdu, and stress urinary incontinence is more frequent. Eutocia, elderly parturient, multipara, pelvic surgery history, prenatal obesity, urinary incontinence during pregnancy, large neonatal body mass and perineal laceration are the main risk factors for urinary incontinence at 6 weeks postpartum.


Assuntos
Período Pós-Parto , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Cesárea , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 184: 111750, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610376

RESUMO

Developing small molecules occupying the heme-binding site using computational approaches remains a challenging task because it is difficult to characterize heme-ligand interaction in heme-containing protein. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is an intracellular heme-containing dioxygenase which is associated with the immunosuppressive effects in cancer. With IDO1 as an example, herein we report a combined virtual screening (VS) strategy including high-specificity heme-binding group (HmBG)-based pharmacophore screening and cascade molecular docking to identify novel IDO1 inhibitors. A total of four hit compounds were obtained and showed proper binding with the heme iron coordinating site. Further structural optimization led to a promising compound S18-3, which exerted potent anti-tumor efficacy in BALB/c mice bearing established CT26 tumors by activating the host's immune system. These results suggest that S18-3 merits further study to assess its potential for the intervention of cancer. Furthermore, our study also unveils a novel in silico-based strategy for identifying potential regulators for hemeproteins within short timeframe.

16.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(11): 721, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655930

RESUMO

A rolling-mediated cascade (RMC) amplification strategy is described for improved visualization of profiling glycans of mucin 1 (MUC 1) on cell surfaces. CdTe quantum dots (QDs) are used as fluorescent labels. The RMC based amplification allows even distinct glycoforms of MUC1 to be visualized on the surface of MCF-7 cell via an amplified Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) imaging strategy that works at excitation/emission wavelengths of 345/610 nm. This is achieved by utilizing antibody against MUC1 modified with the fluorescent label 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin-3-acetic acid (AMCA) as the energy donor in FRET. The QDs (used to label surface glycans) act as acceptors. N-Azidoacetylgalactosamine-Acetylated (Ac4GalNAz) as a non-natural azido sugar, can be incorporated into the glycans of the cell surface, which can promote further labeling. The method has the advantage of only requiring a small amount of non-natural sugar to be introduced in metabolic glycan labeling since too much of an artificial sugar will interfere with the physiological functions of cells. Graphical abstract Schematic for the DNA rolling-mediated cascade (RMC)-assisted metabolic labeling of cell surface glycans by using CdTe quantum dots as labels and an intramolecular amplified FRET strategy for imaging glycans on a specific glycosylated protein, MUC1.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(44): 41304-41312, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603303

RESUMO

The ever-increasing demand for large-scale energy storage has driven the prosperous investigation of sodium-ion batteries (NIBs). As a promising cathode candidate for NIBs, P2-type Na2/3Ni1/3Mn2/3O2 (NaNMO), a prototype sodium-layered oxide, has attracted extensive attention because of its high operating voltage and high capacity density. Although its electrochemical properties have been extensively investigated, the fundamental charge compensation mechanism, that is, the cationic and anionic redox reactions, is still elusive. In this report, we have systematically investigated the transition metal and oxygen redox reactions of NaNMO nanoflakes using bulk-sensitive soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and full-range mapping of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering from an atomic-level view. We show that the bulk Mn3+/Mn4+ redox couple emerges from the first discharge process with the increment of inactive Mn3+ upon cycling, which may have a negative effect on the cyclability. In contrast, the bulk Ni redox mainly stems from the Ni2+/Ni3+ redox couple, in contrast to the conventional wisdom of the Ni2+/Ni4+ redox couple. The quantitative analysis provides unambiguous evidence for the continuous reduction of the average valence state of Mn and Ni over extended cycles, leading to the voltage fading. In addition, we reveal that the oxygen anions also participate in the charge compensation process mainly through irreversible oxygen release rather than reversible lattice oxygen redox. Such understanding is vital for the precise design and optimization of NaNMO electrodes for rechargeable NIBs with outstanding performance.

18.
Environ Res ; 180: 108796, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629085

RESUMO

Adsorption is one of the most preferred techniques in the advanced treatment of dyeing wastewater. Magnetic porous materials with good adsorption performance, excellent reusability, and a green synthesis route are highly desirable adsorbents in commerce. In this study, we synthesized a magnetic ß-cyclodextrin polymer (MNP-CM-CDP) containing many macro- and ultramicropores in aqueous phase. CO2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and a dye adsorption method provided Langmuir specific surface areas for the MNP-CM-CDP of 114.4 m2 g-1 and 153 m2 g-1, respectively. Model pollutants (BPA, MB, BO2, RhB, Cr(III), Pb(II), Zn(II), and Cu(II)) were rapidly and efficiently removed from the aqueous solution by the MNP-CM-CDP. In addition, the polymer could be easily separated from the solution under an external magnetic field. The adsorption of the contaminants was dependent on pH, while the effects of ionic strength and humic acid were slight in the concentration range studied. The polymer could be easily regenerated at room temperature and retained good adsorption performance. Moreover, the MNP-CM-CDP showed good feasibility for the removal of pollutants from actual dyeing wastewater samples.

19.
J Headache Pain ; 20(1): 93, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has suggested that the cerebellum is associated with pain and migraine. In addition, the descending pain system of the brainstem is the major site of trigeminal pain processing and modulation and has been discussed as a main player in the pathophysiology of migraine. Cerebellar and brainstem structural changes associated with migraineurs remain to be further investigated. METHODS: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) (50 controls, 50 migraineurs without aura (MWoAs)) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) (46 controls, 46 MWoAs) were used to assess cerebellum and brainstem anatomical alterations associated with MWoAs. We utilized a spatially unbiased infratentorial template toolbox (SUIT) to perform cerebellum and brainstem optimized VBM and DTI analysis. We extracted the average diffusion values from a probabilistic cerebellar white matter atlas to investigate whether MWoAs exhibited microstructure alterations in the cerebellar peduncle tracts. RESULTS: MWoAs showed decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in the vermis VI extending to the bilateral lobules V and VI of the cerebellum. We also found higher axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD) in the right inferior cerebellum peduncle tract in MWoAs. MWoAs exhibited both reduced gray matter volume and increased AD, MD and RD in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (SpV). CONCLUSION: MWoAs exhibited microstructural changes in the cerebellum and the local brainstem. These structural differences might contribute to dysfunction of the transmission and modulation of noxious information, trigeminal nociception, and conduction and integration of multimodal information in MWoAs. These findings further suggest involvement of the cerebellum and the brainstem in the pathology of migraine without aura.

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