Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 215
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20433, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650139

RESUMO

The rotation of organic cations is considered to be an important reason for the dynamic changes in stability and photoelectric properties of organic perovskites. However, the specific effect of organic cations rotation on formamidine based perovskite is still unknown. In our work, first-principles calculations based on density functional theory are used to examine the effect of the rotation of formamidine cations in FAPbI3 and FA0.875Cs0.125PbI3. We have comprehensively calculated the structure, electronic and optical properties of them. We found a coupling effect between formamidine cations rotation and cesium atom. This coupling effect changes the inclination angle of octahedron to regulate electron distribution, band gaps, and optical absorption. Hence, changing the cation orientation and substitution atom is a feasible way to dynamically adjust the energy band, dielectric constant and absorption edge of perovskite. Preparing perovskite with tunable properties is just around the corner through this way.

3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(9): 769-74, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion at myofascial trigger points on microglia activation and the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the spinal cord of rats with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), so as to explore the central mechanism of the analgesic effect of moxibustion. METHODS: Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly divi-ded into control, model and moxibustion groups (n=8 in each group). The MPS model was established by strinking on fascia musculares and eccentric exercise. Rats in the moxibustion group were treated with mild moxibustion at myofascial trigger point for 15 min, once daily for 7 days. The thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of rats was measured with a hot stabbing instrument. The pathological changes of the rat medial femoris muscle were observed after H.E. staining. The expressions of microglia marker (OX-42) and BDNF in the spinal dorsal horn were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, separately. RESULTS: After modeling, the TWL of both the model and the moxibustion groups were significantly down-regulated (P<0.01),and were significantly decreased in contrast to that of the control group (P<0.01). After treatment and compared with the model group, the TWL of the moxibustion group was significantly increased (P<0.01) in the moxibustion group. Rat's muscle fibers of the control group were uniform in thickness and arranged tightly and regularly. While in the model group, some fractures and connective structure tissue renewal, irregular arrangement, and inflammatory cell infiltration were seen. The morphology of muscle fibers in the moxibustion group was close to normal, and the arrangement was neat and orderly, with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration. Compared with the control group, the expression of OX-42 and BDNF in the spinal dorsal horn of rats in the model group was increased(P<0.01). Following the treatment, and in comparison with the model group, the expression of OX-42 and BDNF of moxibustion group was down-regulated(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can significantly improve the injury of the medial femoral muscle and the TWL in MPS rats,which may be related to its effects in inhibiting the activation of spinal dorsal horn microglia and reducing the expression of BDNF.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Masculino , Microglia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal
4.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 12: 100181, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527972

RESUMO

Background: To fully realize efficacy in cancer screening, timely and appropriate treatment for participants with malignant lesions is critical. However, the health-seeking behavior of patients with upper gastrointestinal (G.I.) cancer identified in population-level screening programs in China is unknown. Methods: A community-based real-world investigation was conducted with 136 upper G.I. cancer patients detected in a large screening cohort in an area of high-risk for upper G.I. cancer in China. Using local medical claims data and semi-structured face-to-face interview, we collected information regarding the clinical treatment regimen and factors which result in the lack of timely and appropriate treatment. Findings: The treatment records for 133 upper G.I. cancer patients were acquired. Among these, 48 (36•09%) patients did not receive treatment within three months of initial diagnosis, and treatment of early-stage cancer was more likely to be delayed. Sixteen patients did not seek further diagnostic testing due to their low health-awareness and socio-economic status. Another 20 participants proactively sought further diagnostic evaluation in health care facilities but were prevented from receiving further treatment due to low sensitivity of given diagnostic test(s), failure to recognize the significance of screening results, and/or lack of basic knowledge of diagnosis and treatment for early cancer on the part of clinicians. The treatment regimen offered to patients depended largely on the level of health care facilities they visited, and non-medical factors were the main reasons for choice of health care facilities. Interpretation: A coordinated, system-based management strategy is urgently needed to support the design of upper G.I. cancer screening programs in rural populations in China. Funding: The Charity Project of the National Ministry of Health (201202014), the National Key R & D Program of China (2016YFC0901404), the National Science & Technology Fundamental Resources Investigation Program of China (2019FY101102), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (82073626).

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5537804, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413927

RESUMO

N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) plays important roles in regulating mRNA processing. Despite rapid progress in this field, little is known about the role and mechanism of m6A modification in myocardial development and cardiomyocyte regeneration. Existing studies have shown that the heart tissues of newborn mice have the capability of proliferation and regeneration, but its mechanism, particularly its relation to m6A methylation, remains unknown. Methods. To systematically profile the mRNA m6A modification pattern in the heart tissues of mice at different developmental stages, we jointly performed methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of heart tissues of mice, respectively, aged 1 day old, 7 days old, and 28 days old. Results. We identified the linkages and association between differentially expressed mRNA transcripts and hyper or hypomethylated m6A peaks in C57BL/6J mice at different heart developmental stages. Results showed that the amount of m6A peaks and the level of m6A modification were the lowest in the heart of mice at 1 day old. By contrast, heart tissues from 7-day-old mice tended to possess the most m6A peaks and the highest global m6A level. However, the m6A characteristics of myocardial tissue changed little after 7 days old as compared to that of 1 day old. Specifically, we found 1269 downmethylated genes of 1434 methylated genes in 7-day-old mouse heart tissues as compared to those in 1-day-old mice. Hypermethylation of some specific genes may correlate with the heart's strong proliferative and regenerative capability at the first day after birth. In terms of m6A density, the tendency shifted from coding sequences (CDS) to 3'-untranslated regions (3'UTR) and stop codon with the progression of heart development. In addition, some genes demonstrated remarkable changes both in methylation and expression, like kiss1, plekha6, and megf6, which may play important roles in proliferation. Furthermore, signaling pathways highly related to proliferation such as "Wnt signaling pathway," "ECM-receptor interaction," and "cardiac chamber formation" were significantly enriched in 1-day-old methylated genes. Conclusions. Our results reveal a pattern that different m6A modifications are distributed in C57BL/6J heart tissue at different developmental stages, which provides new insights into a novel function of m6A methylation of mRNA in myocardial development and regeneration.

6.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 8112-8128, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335983

RESUMO

The coiled-coil domain containing protein members have been well documented for their roles in many diseases including cancers. However, the function of the coiled-coil domain containing 65 (CCDC65) remains unknown in tumorigenesis including gastric cancer. Methods: CCDC65 expression and its correlation with clinical features and prognosis of gastric cancer were analyzed in tissue. The biological role and molecular basis of CCDC65 were performed via in vitro and in vivo assays and a various of experimental methods including co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), GST-pull down and ubiquitination analysis et al. Finally, whether metformin affects the pathogenesis of gastric cancer by regulating CCDC65 and its-mediated signaling was investigated. Results: Here, we found that downregulated CCDC65 level was showed as an unfavourable factor in gastric cancer patients. Subsequently, CCDC65 or its domain (a.a. 130-484) was identified as a significant suppressor in GC growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Molecular basis showed that CCDC65 bound to ENO1, an oncogenic factor has been widely reported to promote the tumor pathogenesis, by its domain (a.a. 130-484) and further promoted ubiquitylation and degradation of ENO1 by recruiting E3 ubiquitin ligase FBXW7. The downregulated ENO1 decreased the binding with AKT1 and further inactivated AKT1, which led to the loss of cell proliferation and EMT signal. Finally, we observed that metformin, a new anti-cancer drug, can significantly induce CCDC65 to suppress ENO1-AKT1 complex-mediated cell proliferation and EMT signals and finally suppresses the malignant phenotypes of gastric cancer cells. Conclusion: These results firstly highlight a critical role of CCDC65 in suppressing ENO1-AKT1 pathway to reduce the progression of gastric cancer and reveals a new molecular mechanism for metformin in suppressing gastric cancer. Our present study provides a new insight into the mechanism and therapy for gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , China , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor/fisiologia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Metformina/metabolismo , Metformina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Oncogenes , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
7.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 254(2): 111-121, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162779

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a common side effect of cancer treatment. The factors influencing CINV in breast cancer patients remain unclear. In this study, we developed a nomogram for predicting the occurrence of CINV in this group using prospective clinical data. We pooled data from multiple studies which focused on the emetogenic chemotherapy. Then, we collected 334 breast cancer patients at Hunan Cancer Hospital (training set) to analyze the demographic and clinical variables. Using multivariate logistic regression, we identified the five significant factors that were associated with CINV: history of CINV, chemotherapy regimen, chemotherapy cycle, metastasis, and symptoms of distress. Then, we construct a prediction nomogram. The external validation set comprised an additional 66 patients. The reliability of the nomogram was assessed by bootstrap resampling. The C-index was 0.78 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.85) for the training set and 0.74 (95% CI, 0.62-0.85) for the validation set. Calibration curves showed good concordance between predicted and actual occurrence of CINV. In conclusions, our nomogram model can reliably predict the occurrence of CINV in breast cancer patients based on five significant variables, which might be useful in clinical decision-making.

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 602: 307-315, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130177

RESUMO

With the blooming development of zero-dimensional nanomaterials, I-III-VI alloying quantum dots (QDs) with outstanding photoelectrical properties have emerged to attract much attention as promising environmentally-friendly substitutions for conventional binary Cd-based QDs. In this work, a facile one-pot method was introduced to synthesize unreported quaternary Ag-Cu-Ga-Se/ZnSe (ACGSe/ZnSe) QDs. A relatively high photoluminescence quantum yield (PL QY) of 71.9% and a tunable emission from 510 to 620 nm were successfully achieved. We explored the roles of alloying compositions in ACGSe/ZnSe QDs, inferring that increased Ag proportion would not only lower the Vdefect level which leads to the blue shift of emission, but also slow the ZnSe shelling process owing to the larger lattice distortion. At last, the white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) were fabricated with ACGSe/ZnSe QDs as the conversion layer, indicating that the as-prepared QDs are a promising candidate for further applications.

9.
Anal Methods ; 13(24): 2732, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114578

RESUMO

Correction for 'Gadolinium-doped carbon dots with high-performance in dual-modal molecular imaging' by Le Wang et al., Anal. Methods, 2021, 13, 2442-2449, DOI: 10.1039/d1ay00270h.

10.
Chem Sci ; 12(7): 2345-2356, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34163999

RESUMO

Potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) have attracted extensive attention for next-generation energy storage systems because of the high abundance of potassium resources and low cost. However, the electrochemical performance of PIBs still cannot satisfy the requirements of practical application. One of the most effective strategies to improve the electrochemical performance of PIBs is electrolyte optimization. In this review, we focus on recent advances in ester- and ether-based electrolytes for high-performance PIBs. First, we discuss the requirements and components of organic electrolytes (potassium salts and solvents) for PIBs. Then, the strategies toward optimizing the electrolytes have been summarized, including potassium salt optimization, solvent optimization, electrolyte concentration optimization, and introducing electrolyte additives. In general, the electrolyte optimization methods can adjust the solvation energy, the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy level, and the highest occupied molecular orbital energy level, which are beneficial for achieving fast kinetics, stable and highly K+-conductive solid-electrolyte interphase layer, and superior oxidation resistance, respectively. Future studies should focus on exploring the effects of composition on electrolyte characteristics and the corresponding laws. This review provides some significant guidance to develop better electrolytes for high-performance PIBs.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e26224, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache characterized by unilateral headache, symptoms, and signs of neck involvement. It is often worsened by neck movement, sustained awkward head position, or external pressure over the upper cervical or occipital region on the symptomatic side. In this systematic review, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of massage therapy for the treatment of cervicogenic headache. METHODS: We searched the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Wanfang Database, China Doctoral Dissertations Full-Text Database, China Master's Theses Full-Text Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and Embase. We will select all eligible studies published on or before April 1, 2021. We will use Review Manager 5.4, provided by the Cochrane Collaborative Network for statistical analysis. We then assessed the quality and risk of the included studies and observed the outcome measures. RESULTS: This meta-analysis further confirmed the benefits of tuina in the treatment of cervicogenic headache. CONCLUSION: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to explore the effect of tuina on patients with cervicogenic headache and to provide more options for clinicians and patients to treat cervicogenic headache. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of tuina in the treatment of cervicogenic headache. Since all the data included were published, the systematic review did not require ethical approval. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202150053.


Assuntos
Massagem/métodos , Cefaleia Pós-Traumática/diagnóstico , Cefaleia Pós-Traumática/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Gerenciamento de Dados , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cefaleia Pós-Traumática/fisiopatologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Adv Mater ; 33(30): e2101239, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137091

RESUMO

Up to now, power supplies designed based on the electrochemical reaction principle have had unavoidable defects, in that a complete redox reaction must be formed inside the power supply to operate normally, which makes it unable to be reconstructed and regenerated. Hence, the design and interpretation of this self-powered and disintegration-reorganization-regeneration power supply are generally considered to be almost insurmountable obstacles to haunt both experimenters and theorists. Herein, a self-powered and disintegration-reorganization-regeneration power supply with relatively stable discharge for 8.3 h is realized by the principle of ion-selective diffusion, which regenerates by radical polymerization. Additionally, the mechanism is investigated systematically by molecular dynamics simulation, and this power supply with a variety of self-powered and disintegration-reorganization-regeneration units can discharge continuously at freezing temperatures and variable temperature (0-25 °C). As a hypothetical model, a self-powered and deformable arch bridge with disintegration and reorganization is fabricated. In the future, this power supply is expected to be applied in prosthetic limbs, bionic skins, implantable power supplies, mobile phones, portable computers, wearable devices, etc. Moreover, with the improvement of the stability and discharge life, it could promote major revolutionary breakthroughs in the fields of intelligent industrial automation, smart buildings, intelligent transportation systems, intelligent power systems, etc.

13.
Hear Res ; 408: 108295, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175588

RESUMO

Compared with children having normal hearing (NH), those with cochlear implants (CIs) perform poorly in spoken language comprehension which involves both low-level acoustic encoding and higher-level cognitive processing. Here, we performed an electroencephalography study to portray this brain dynamics of speech perception in CI children. We presented a Mandarin Chinese monosyllable or four-syllable idiom to CI and NH children, and infrequently varied its lexical tone to form a novel monosyllable or pseudo-idiom in an oddball paradigm. The tone contrast embedded in the monosyllables evoked similar mismatch negativities (MMNs) in CI and NH children at an early stage (~200 ms). However, the amplitude of the MMN evoked by the tone contrast in the idiom context was significantly lower in CI children than in NH children. Furthermore, robust late discriminative negativity (LDN) at a late stage (~500 ms) was found only in NH children, but not in CI children. The MMN and LDN findings indicate deficits of low-level acoustic encoding in a complex context (such as an idiom) and higher-level cognitive processing in CI children, respectively. Both deficient sensory and cognitive processing may contribute to the speech perception difficulties in CI children.

14.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 13(2): 261-265, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34094018

RESUMO

Backgroud: The accessory tendon of the extensor hallucis longus (ATEHL) muscle is a common abnormal structure, and its clinical significance remains debatable. In this study, we provide the incidence of the ATEHL and characterize its morphological types in Asian cadavers and investigate its clinical applications. Methods: The tendons from 50 adult cadaveric feet, fixed in 10% formalin, were analyzed. We measured the length and width of both the ATEHL and the extensor hallucis brevis (EHB). Results: All dissected specimens had an ATEHL. The first metatarsophalangeal joint was surrounded by an accessory tendon that inserted onto the joint capsule and the dorsal base of the proximal phalanx. We classified the ATEHL into 3 types based on their directions. Differences in ATEHL type based on sex were not statistically significant. Conclusions: We found an ATEHL in all cadaveric specimens in this study. We surmise that the ATEHL acts as an antagonist with the EHB when the toe is extending, which might help prevent the occurrence of hallux valgus deformity.

15.
Ann Surg ; 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091512

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a prediction model for more precise evaluation of prognosis which will allow personalized treatment recommendations for adjuvant therapy in patients following resection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). BACKGROUND: Marked heterogeneity of patient prognosis and limited evidence regarding survival benefit of various adjuvant therapy regimens pose challenges in the clinical treatment of ESCC. METHODS: Based on comprehensive clinical data obtained from 4,129 consecutive patients with resected ESCC in a high-risk region in China, we identified predictors for overall survival (OS) through a two-phase selection based on Cox proportional hazard regression and minimization of Akaike information criterion. The model was internally validated using bootstrapping and externally validated in 1,815 patients from a non-high-risk region in China. RESULTS: The final model incorporates nine variables: age, sex, primary site, T stage, N stage, number of lymph nodes harvested, tumor size, adjuvant treatment, and hemoglobin level. A significant interaction was also observed between N stage and adjuvant treatment. N1+ stage patients were likely to benefit from addition of adjuvant therapy as opposed to surgery alone, but adjuvant therapy did not improve OS for N0 stage patients. The C-index of the model was 0.729 in the training cohort, 0.723 after bootstrapping, and 0.695 in the external validation cohort. This model outperformed the seventh edition American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system in prognostic prediction and risk stratification. CONCLUSION: The prediction model constructed in this study may facilitate precise prediction of survival and inform decision-making about adjuvant therapy according to N stage.

16.
Sci Robot ; 6(51)2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043530

RESUMO

Human skin can sense subtle changes of both normal and shear forces (i.e., self-decoupled) and perceive stimuli with finer resolution than the average spacing between mechanoreceptors (i.e., super-resolved). By contrast, existing tactile sensors for robotic applications are inferior, lacking accurate force decoupling and proper spatial resolution at the same time. Here, we present a soft tactile sensor with self-decoupling and super-resolution abilities by designing a sinusoidally magnetized flexible film (with the thickness ~0.5 millimeters), whose deformation can be detected by a Hall sensor according to the change of magnetic flux densities under external forces. The sensor can accurately measure the normal force and the shear force (demonstrated in one dimension) with a single unit and achieve a 60-fold super-resolved accuracy enhanced by deep learning. By mounting our sensor at the fingertip of a robotic gripper, we show that robots can accomplish challenging tasks such as stably grasping fragile objects under external disturbance and threading a needle via teleoperation. This research provides new insight into tactile sensor design and could be beneficial to various applications in robotics field, such as adaptive grasping, dexterous manipulation, and human-robot interaction.

17.
ACS Omega ; 6(17): 11537-11544, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34056309

RESUMO

NaTi2(PO4)3 (NTP), a well-known anode material, could be used as a solid wide-band gap electrolyte. Herein, a novel solid-state sodium-ion battery (SSIB) with the thickness of electrolyte up to the millimeter level is proposed. The results of the difference in charge density investigated by the first-principles calculations imply that using the NTP nanocrystals as electrolytes to transport sodium ions is feasible. Moreover, the SSIB exhibits a high initial discharge capacity of 3250 mAh g-1 at the current density of 50 mA g-1. As compared with other previously reported SSIBs, our results are better than those reported and suggest that the NTP nanocrystals have potential application in SSIBs as solid electrolytes.

18.
ACS Omega ; 6(19): 12615-12622, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34056412

RESUMO

Previously, α-Fe2O3 nanocrystals are recognized as anode materials owing to their high capacity and multiple properties. Now, this work provides high-voltage α-Fe2O3 nanoceramics cathodes fabricated by the solvothermal and calcination processes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Then, their structure and electrical conductivity were investigated by the first-principles calculations. Also, the SIB with the α-Fe2O3 nanoceramics cathode exhibits a high initial charge-specific capacity of 692.5 mA h g-1 from 2.0 to 4.5 V at a current density of 25 mA g-1. After 800 cycles, the discharge capacity is still 201.8 mA h g-1, well exceeding the one associated with the present-state high-voltage SIB. Furthermore, the effect of the porous structure of the α-Fe2O3 nanoceramics on sodium ion transport and cyclability is investigated. This reveals that α-Fe2O3 nanoceramics will be a remarkably promising low-cost and pollution-free high-voltage cathode candidate for high-voltage SIBs.

19.
ACS Nano ; 15(5): 8407-8417, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979142

RESUMO

Electrochemical carbon dioxide conversion at ambient temperature is an efficient route to synchronously provide a continuous power supply and produce useful chemicals such as carbonates. Rigid catalysts with rational morphological and structural design are used to overcome the sluggish reaction kinetics and contribute to a better cycle life in Li-CO2 batteries. In this report, a two-dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene/carbon heterostructure assembled parallel-aligned tubular architecture was delicately synthesized through a self-sacrificial templating method and delivered an ultralow overpotential of 1.38 V at 0.2 A·g-1. The heterostructure that inherited the high catalytic performance of Ti3C2Tx MXene and the outstanding stability of carbon material promoted the adsorption of CO2 and accelerated the decomposition of lithium carbonate, which was proved by in situ and ex situ characterizations and density functional theory calculations. The tubular architecture with large surface area was demonstrated to provide a high durability for long cycle life and ensure good contacts among gas, electrolyte, and electrode.

20.
Onco Targets Ther ; 14: 2247-2258, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833524

RESUMO

Background: Targeting immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) is one of the important therapeutic strategies for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The application of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in the clinical treatment of bladder cancer has shown that BCG is a strong inducer of immune activation and can remodel the immunosuppressive state of the TME. Meanwhile, previous studies have demonstrated that the 4T1 TNBC mouse model does not respond to anti-PD-L1 treatment alone. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the effect of BCG on TNBC, as well as the potential efficacy of BCG combined with anti-PD-L1. Materials and Methods: In this study, we studied the effects of BCG treatment on the lymphocytes and transcriptome in the TME of an orthotopic TNBC mouse model, and evaluated the efficacy of combination therapy with BCG and anti-PD-L1 on the tumor. Results: We found that three-dose BCG treatment could significantly inhibit tumor growth, while the single-dose BCG treatment was able to up-regulate the expression of chemokine-related genes and anti-tumor effect genes, down-regulate the expression of immunosuppressive-related genes, and increase tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. The combination therapy of BCG and anti-PD-L1 has produced a marked oncolytic effect. Conclusion: These findings emphasize that BCG treatment can relieve the immunosuppressive state of the TME, and indicate that the combination therapy of BCG and anti-PD-L1may be an efficacious treatment measure for TNBC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...