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1.
Small ; : e2000441, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243095

RESUMO

Efficient organic solar cells (OSCs) are fabricated using polymer PM6 as donor, and IPTBO-4Cl and MF1 as acceptors. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of IPTBO-4Cl based and MF1 based binary OSCs individually arrive to 14.94% and 12.07%, exhibiting markedly different short circuit current density (JSC ) of 23.18 mA cm-2 versus 17.01 mA cm-2 , fill factor (FF) of 72.17% versus 78.18% and similar open circuit voltage (VOC ) of 0.893 V versus 0.908 V. The two acceptors, IPTBO-4Cl and MF1, have similar lowest unoccupied molecular orbital levels, which is beneficial for efficient electron transport in the ternary active layer. The PCE of optimized ternary OSCs arrives to 15.74% by incorporating 30 wt% MF1 in acceptors, resulting from the simultaneously increased JSC of 23.20 mA cm-2 , VOC of 0.897 V, and FF of 75.64% in comparison with IPTBO-4Cl based binary OSCs. The gradually increased FFs of ternary OSCs indicate the well-optimized phase separation and molecular arrangement with MF1 as morphology regulator. This work may provide a new viewpoint for selecting an appropriate third component to achieve efficient ternary OSCs from materials and photovoltaic parameters of two binary OSCs.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 94: 103413, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791679

RESUMO

A series of new ferulic acid derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as multi-target inhibitors against Alzheimer's disease. In vitro studies indicated that most compounds showed significant potency to inhibit self-induced ß-amyloid (Aß) aggregation and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and had good antioxidant activity. Specifically, compound 4g exhibited the potent ability to inhibit cholinesterase (ChE) (IC50, 19.7 nM for hAChE and 0.66 µM for hBuChE) and the good Aß aggregation inhibition (49.2% at 20 µM), and it was also a good antioxidant (1.26 trolox equivalents). Kinetic and molecular modeling studies showed that compound 4g was a mixed-type inhibitor, which could interact simultaneously with the catalytic anionic site (CAS) and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE. Moreover, compound 4g could remarkably increase PC12 cells viability in hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative cell damage and Aß-induced cell damage. Finally, compound 4g had good ability to cross the BBB using the PAMPA-BBB assay. These results suggested that compound 4g was a promising multifunctional ChE inhibitor for the further investigation.

3.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1094: 70-79, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761049

RESUMO

To explore how hypochlorous acid (HClO) affects human health, a highly sensitive, selective, and trace detection method for hypochlorite (ClO-) is crucial for determining its non-negligible function in both environment and living systems. Herein, a dicyanoisophorone-phenylboronic acid-based novel ratiometric near-infrared fluorescent probe (Probe 1) was designed for the rapid and specific detection of ClO- based on the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) mechanism. Excess addition of HClO to the Probe 1 solution, 186-times ratio (I652/I582) augment were gained. And this probe provided a colorimetric and ratiometric fluorescence response to ClO- with a high selectivity, a rapid response (within 30 s), and had an extremely low detection limit (15.7 nM). In addition, owing to the good sensing properties and low cytotoxicity of Probe 1, it can be used to expediently visualize exogenous ClO- in HepG2 cells and endogenous ClO- in RAW264.7 macrophage cells. Furthermore, the probe was successfully used for the bioimaging of zebrafish with an acute inflammation. Thus, Probe 1 is a promising vehicle to identify the level of HClO in animals with associated diseases.


Assuntos
Ácidos Borônicos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Inflamação/metabolismo , Nitrilos/química , Animais , Ácidos Borônicos/síntese química , Ácidos Borônicos/toxicidade , Colorimetria/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Limite de Detecção , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Nitrilos/síntese química , Nitrilos/toxicidade , Células RAW 264.7 , Peixe-Zebra
4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(10): 5790-5795, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801601

RESUMO

Solution processed interfacial layers are commonly employed in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) for better charge collection. PDIN interfacial layers were prepared by employing a static or dynamic spin coating method from PDIN methanol solution, and defined as the S-PDIN or D-PDIN layer. The OSCs with a S-PDIN layer exhibit 13.88% power conversion efficiency (PCE) with a virtual high short circuit density (JSC) of 26.45 mA cm-2 and relatively low fill factor (FF) of 58.94% during the current density versus voltage (J-V) measurement without a shadow mask. 12.56% PCE is achieved for OSCs with a D-PDIN layer, along with a JSC of 18.85 mA cm-2 and FF of 74.88%. Over 77% FFs are obtained for OSCs with a S-PDIN or D-PDIN layer during J-V measurement with a shadow mask, and both OSCs exhibit a very similar JSC and PCE. The virtual high JSCs and relatively low FF of OSCs with a S-PDIN layer may be due to the enhanced conductivity of PEDOT:PSS during preparation of the PDIN layer by the SSC method, which can be further confirmed from the OSCs with a methanol treated PEDOT:PSS layer. This work indicates that a well-balanced JSC and FF should be an important evaluating indicator for efficient OSCs, and an appropriate shadow mask is necessary to measure the J-V curves of OSCs with a solution processed interfacial layer.

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