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1.
FASEB J ; 34(3): 4266-4282, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957111

RESUMO

Bladder cancer is one of the most frequently occurring malignant tumors in the urinary system. Sodium butyrate (NaB) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor and exerts remarkable antitumor effects in various cancer cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and autophagy play crucial roles in cancer occurrence and development. In the present study, we evaluated the anticancer effects, including cell migration inhibition and the apoptotic effects of NaB in human bladder cancer cells. Furthermore, we found that NaB inhibited migration and induced AMPK/mTOR pathway-activated autophagy and reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction via the miR-139-5p/Bmi-1 axis. In addition, we found that ROS overproduction contributed to NaB-induced caspase-dependent apoptosis and autophagy. The interplay between autophagy and apoptosis in NaB treatment was clarified. Our findings provide a further understanding of EMT reversion, apoptosis and autophagy induced by antitumor drugs and a novel perspective and alternative strategy for bladder cancer chemotherapy.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(5): 4302-4315, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621074

RESUMO

10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), a natural plant extract, exerts anticancer capacity. HCPT has been reported to induce apoptosis and autophagy in human cancer cells. The interaction between autophagy and apoptosis induced by HCPT and the molecular mechanism in bladder cancer cells were investigated in this study. Our results confirmed that HCPT suppressed cell viability and migration and caused cell-cycle arrest in T24 and 5637. Then, we used Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK to clarify that apoptosis induced by HCPT was mediated by caspase. Moreover, HCPT boosted autophagy through activating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway. Blocking autophagy by 3-methyladenine, the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor dorsomorphin and siATG7 reversed HCPT-induced cytotoxicity. Conversely, rapamycin and the AMPK activator AICAR enhanced growth inhibition and cell apoptosis, suggesting that autophagy played a proapoptosis role. Taken together, our findings showed that HCPT-induced autophagy mediated by the AMPK pathway in T24 and 5637 cell lines, which reinforced the apoptosis, indicating that HCPT together with autophagy activator would be a novel strategy for clinical treatment in bladder cancer.

3.
Neuroscience ; 425: 169-180, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794821

RESUMO

The causal connections among small-scale regions based on resting-state fMRI data have been extensively studied and a lot of achievements have been demonstrated. However, the causal connection among large-scale regions was seldom discussed. In this paper, we applied global Granger causality analysis to construct the causal connections in the whole-brain network among 103 healthy subjects (33 M/66F, ages 20-23) based on a resting-state fMRI dataset. We further explored four large-scale cognitive networks which have been widely known: central executive network (CEN), default mode network (DMN), dorsal attention network (DAN) and salience network (SN). These four cognitive networks are particularly important for understanding higher cognitive functions and dysfunction. Based on the above research, Out-In degree were introduced to identify the driving and driven hubs. Studying the driving and driven hub of brain network is of great significance for assessing the functional mechanism of the brain network. There were 817 directed edges identified as significant among the 8010 possible causal connections; seven driving hubs and ten driven hubs were identified in the whole-brain network. In CEN, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DlPFC) and superior parietal cortex (SPC) were the driven and driving hubs, respectively; in DMN, they were posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC); in DAN, they were frontal eye fields (FEF) and intraparietal sulcus (IPS); and in SN, they were frontoinsular cortex (FIC) and medial frontal cortex (MFC). These findings may provide insights into our understanding of human brain function mechanisms and the diagnosis of brain diseases.

4.
Opt Express ; 27(21): 29534-29546, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684213

RESUMO

In a pulse pump Rb atomic magnetometer, the magnetic field is associated with the Larmor frequency of the free induction decay (FID) signal. The reconstruction of the magnetic field from the collected signal, thereby, is crucial for magnetocardiography. In this study, we propose a backward singular value decomposition (BSVD) method for fast reconstruction of a magnetocardiographic signal. Experiments on the simulated and real data were performed to estimate its potential advantages over previous approaches, such as the fast Fourier transform (FFT) method, the zero-crossing means (ZM) method, etc. The results show the high accuracy of the BSVD method compared with other methods. More importantly, the BSVD method requires less sampled data than other methods while ensuring the accuracy. With the help of it, the recording time can be greatly reduced from the initial 3.6m s to the present 0.6m s. Thus, the time resolution of the magnetocardiograph could reach 2m s which is equivalent to that of conventional electrocardiogragh. This will bring the atomic magnetocardiography more practicable in clinic application.

6.
Opt Express ; 27(2): 597-607, 2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696144

RESUMO

Optically pumped atomic magnetometers based on spin exchange relaxation free regime have recently become a powerful tool in the field of magnetoencephalography measurements. For this application of magnetometers, simultaneous multilocation magnetic field measurements are desired. To fulfill the requirement, we develop a multi-channel sensor module based on a single large vapor cell. The probe beam passes through the vapor cell twice by reflection and then records the two-dimensional spatial magnetic field distribution with two 2 × 2 photodiode matrixes. Comparing with the previous multi-channel tangential magnetic field measuring sensors, our magnetometer is sensitive to the normal magnetic field by operating in the longitudinal parametric modulation mode. Measuring the normal component is considered more suitable for magnetoencephalography, because the normal component provides more information. The sensitivities of the channels are approximately 10 fT/Hz1/2 in the normal direction. The auditory evoked magnetic fields of the four adjacent locations perpendicular to the scalp are detected simultaneously. Our magnetometer can measure the normal and tangential magnetic fields simultaneously. The dual-axis vector measurement of magnetic field is very important for magnetoencephalography.

8.
Oncol Lett ; 14(5): 5121-5128, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29142597

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that affect various biological processes by altering the expression of a target gene. An miRNA microarray analysis has previously revealed a significant decrease in miR-193a-3p levels in prostate cancer tissues compared with that in their benign prostate hyperplasia counterparts. However, the role of miR-193a-3p has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to evaluate the expression levels of miR-193a-3p in two human prostate cancer cell lines. Forced overexpression of miR-193a-3p was established by transfecting mimics into DU-145 and PC3 cell lines. Cell proliferation and the cell cycle were assessed using a cell viability assay, flow cytometry and a colony formation assay. In addition, the target gene of miR-193a-3p was determined by a luciferase assay, RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. The regulation of the cell cycle by miR-193a-3p was also evaluated by western blotting. The results demonstrated that miR-193a-3p expression levels were lower in prostate cancer cell lines as compared with the RWPE normal prostate epithelium cell line. Subsequent gain-of-function studies revealed that stable miR-193a-3p transfection inhibited cell viability, proliferation and colony formation, and induced G1 phase arrest in prostate cancer cells. A luciferase assay and western blot analysis identified cyclin D1 (CCND1) as a direct target gene of miR-193a-3p. In addition, the forced expression of CCND1 was able to counter the inhibitory effects of miR-193a-3p transfection in the prostate cancer cells. In summary, the results suggest that miR-193a-3p may inhibit the viability, proliferation and survival of prostate cancer cells by regulating the expression profile of CCND1, and that miR-193a-3p may be a novel therapeutic biomarker for prostate cancer.

9.
Mol Cancer ; 16(1): 96, 2017 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28549468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current evidence indicates that miR-608 is widely down-regulated in various malignant tumors including liver cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer and glioma, and acts as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting cell proliferation, invasion and migration or by promoting apoptosis. The specific biological function of miR-608 in bladder cancer is still unknown. METHODS: qRT-PCR and Chromogenic in Situ Hybridization (CISH) was conducted to assess the expression of miR-608 in paired BCa tissues and adjacent non-tumor bladder urothelial tissues. Bisulfite sequencing PCR was used for DNA methylation analysis. CCK-8, colony formation and flow cytometry assays were performed, and a xenograft model was studied. Immunohistochemistry staining was performed with peroxidase and DAB. The target of miR-608 was validated with a dual-luciferase reporter assay, quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blotting. RESULTS: miR-608 is frequently down-regulated in human BCa tissues. The methylation status of CpG islands is involved in the regulation of miR-608 expression. Overexpression of miR-608 inhibits the proliferation and tumorigenesis of BCa cells in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, up-regulation of miR-608 in BCa cells induces G1-phase arrest through AKT/FOXO3a signaling. In contrast, down-regulation of miR-608 promotes proliferation and cell cycle progression in BCa cells. Moreover, the expression of FLOT1 was directly inhibited by miR-608, the down-regulation of FLOT1 induced by siFLOT1 could be significantly reversed by miR-608 inhibitor. Similarly, the up-regulation of FLOT1 by FLOT1 overexpression plasmid (pFLOT1) could also reverse the suppressed cell proliferation caused by miR-608. CONCLUSIONS: miR-608 is a potential tumor suppressor in BCa, and the restoration of miR-608 might be a promising therapeutic option for BCa.


Assuntos
Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Ilhas de CpG , Metilação de DNA , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos
10.
Parkinsons Dis ; 2017: 8701061, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28316861

RESUMO

In this study, a new combination scheme has been proposed for detecting Parkinson's disease (PD) from electroencephalogram (EEG) signal recorded from normal subjects and PD patients. The scheme is based on discrete wavelet transform (DWT), sample entropy (SampEn), and the three-way decision model in analysis of EEG signal. The EEG signal is noisy and nonstationary, and, as a consequence, it becomes difficult to distinguish it visually. However, the scheme is a well-established methodology in analysis of EEG signal in three stages. In the first stage, the DWT was applied to acquire the split frequency information; here, we use three-level DWT to decompose EEG signal into approximation and detail coefficients; in this stage, we aim to remove the useless and noise information and acquire the effective information. In the second stage, as the SampEn has advantage in analyzing the EEG signal, we use the approximation coefficient to compute the SampEn values. Finally, we detect the PD patients using three-way decision based on optimal center constructive covering algorithm (O_CCA) with the accuracy about 92.86%. Without DWT as preprocessing step, the detection rate reduces to 88.10%. Overall, the combination scheme we proposed is suitable and efficient in analyzing the EEG signal with higher accuracy.

11.
Comput Med Imaging Graph ; 57: 29-39, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28062170

RESUMO

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been well recognized as one powerful imaging technique to evaluate the stenosis inside the coronary arteries. The detection of lumen border and media-adventitia (MA) border in IVUS images is the key procedure to determine the plaque burden inside the coronary arteries, but this detection could be burdensome to the doctor because of large volume of the IVUS images. In this paper, we use the artificial neural network (ANN) method as the feature learning algorithm for the detection of the lumen and MA borders in IVUS images. Two types of imaging information including spatial, neighboring features were used as the input data to the ANN method, and then the different vascular layers were distinguished accordingly through two sparse auto-encoders and one softmax classifier. Another ANN was used to optimize the result of the first network. In the end, the active contour model was applied to smooth the lumen and MA borders detected by the ANN method. The performance of our approach was compared with the manual drawing method performed by two IVUS experts on 461 IVUS images from four subjects. Results showed that our approach had a high correlation and good agreement with the manual drawing results. The detection error of the ANN method close to the error between two groups of manual drawing result. All these results indicated that our proposed approach could efficiently and accurately handle the detection of lumen and MA borders in the IVUS images.


Assuntos
Túnica Adventícia/citologia , Túnica Adventícia/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/citologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Túnica Adventícia/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Humanos , Patologia Clínica/métodos , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Projetos de Pesquisa
12.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 17(6): 323-333, 2016 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27929505

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate adaptive daily planning for cervi-cal cancer patients who underwent high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDR-BT) using comprehensive interfractional organ motion measurements. This study included 22 cervical cancer patients who underwent 5 fractions of HDR-BT. Regions of interest (ROIs) including high-risk clinical tumor volume (HR-CTV) and organs at risk (OARs) were manually contoured on daily CT images. All patients were clinically treated with adaptive daily plans (ADP), which involved ROI delineation and dose optimization at each treatment fraction. Single treatment plans (SP) were retrospectively generated by applying the first treatment fraction's dwell times adjusted for decay and dwell positions of the applicator to subsequent treatment fractions. Various existing similarity metrics were calculated for the ROIs to quantify interfractional organ variations. A novel similarity (JRARM) score was established, which combined both volumetric overlap metrics (DSC, JSC, and RVD) and distance metrics (ASD, MSD, and RMSD). Linear regression was performed to determine a relationship between interfractional organ varia-tions of various similarity metrics and D2cc variations from both plans. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to assess ADP and SP by comparing EQD2 D2cc (α/ß = 3) for OARs. For interfractional organ variations, the sigmoid demonstrated the greatest variations based on the JRARM, DSC, and RMSD metrics. Comparisons between paired ROIs showed differences in metrics at each treatment fraction. RVD, MSD, and RMSD were found to be significantly correlated to D2cc varia-tions for bladder and sigmoid. The comparison between plans found ADP provided lower EQD2 D2cc of OARs than SP. Specifically, the sigmoid demonstrated sta-tistically significant dose variations (p = 0.015). Substantial interfractional organ motion occurs during HDR-BT based on comprehensive measurements and may significantly affect D2cc of OARs. Adaptive daily planning provides improved dose sparing for OARs compared to single planning with the extent of sparing being different among OARs.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Reto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos da radiação
13.
Oncotarget ; 7(32): 51773-51783, 2016 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27429046

RESUMO

Despite the recent studies which have shown that microRNA (miRNA) negatively regulates gene expression by silencing the expression of target genes, here we reported the new evidence of microRNA-mediated gene activation by targeting specific promoter sites. We identified a miR-877-3p binding site on the promoter site of tumor suppressor gene p16 which alters frequently in bladder cancer. Enforced expression of miR-877-3p could increase the expression of p16, which inhibit the proliferation and tumorigenicity of bladder cancer through cell cycle G1-phase arrest. Further evidences confirmed that the correlation between p16 activation and miR-877-3p was due to the direct binding. These findings demonstrate the anti-tumor function of miR-877-3p in bladder cancer cells and reveal a new pattern of miRNA involved gene regulation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Animais , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
14.
Sci Rep ; 6: 29426, 2016 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27389074

RESUMO

Changes in BOLD signals are sensitive to the regional blood content associated with the vasculature, which is known as V0 in hemodynamic models. In previous studies involving dynamic causal modeling (DCM) which embodies the hemodynamic model to invert the functional magnetic resonance imaging signals into neuronal activity, V0 was arbitrarily set to a physiolog-ically plausible value to overcome the ill-posedness of the inverse problem. It is interesting to investigate how the V0 value influences DCM. In this study we addressed this issue by using both synthetic and real experiments. The results show that the ability of DCM analysis to reveal information about brain causality depends critically on the assumed V0 value used in the analysis procedure. The choice of V0 value not only directly affects the strength of system connections, but more importantly also affects the inferences about the network architecture. Our analyses speak to a possible refinement of how the hemody-namic process is parameterized (i.e., by making V0 a free parameter); however, the conditional dependencies induced by a more complex model may create more problems than they solve. Obtaining more realistic V0 information in DCM can improve the identifiability of the system and would provide more reliable inferences about the properties of brain connectivity.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Conectoma/métodos , Descanso/fisiologia , Atenção/fisiologia , Volume Sanguíneo , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Neurológicos , Estimulação Luminosa
15.
PLoS One ; 11(4): e0152418, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27045838

RESUMO

We present a complexity-based approach for the analysis of fMRI time series, in which sample entropy (SampEn) is introduced as a quantification of the voxel complexity. Under this hypothesis the voxel complexity could be modulated in pertinent cognitive tasks, and it changes through experimental paradigms. We calculate the complexity of sequential fMRI data for each voxel in two distinct experimental paradigms and use a nonparametric statistical strategy, the Wilcoxon signed rank test, to evaluate the difference in complexity between them. The results are compared with the well known general linear model based Statistical Parametric Mapping package (SPM12), where a decided difference has been observed. This is because SampEn method detects brain complexity changes in two experiments of different conditions and the data-driven method SampEn evaluates just the complexity of specific sequential fMRI data. Also, the larger and smaller SampEn values correspond to different meanings, and the neutral-blank design produces higher predictability than threat-neutral. Complexity information can be considered as a complementary method to the existing fMRI analysis strategies, and it may help improving the understanding of human brain functions from a different perspective.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Algoritmos , Entropia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Biomed Eng Online ; 15: 22, 2016 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26897355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic balloon model describes the change in coupling from underlying neural activity to observed blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) response. It plays an increasing important role in brain research using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. However, changes in the BOLD signal are sensitive to the resting blood volume fraction (i.e., [Formula: see text]) associated with the regional vasculature. In previous studies the value was arbitrarily set to a physiologically plausible value to circumvent the ill-posedness of the inverse problem. These approaches fail to explore actual [Formula: see text] value and could yield inaccurate model estimation. METHODS: The present study represents the first empiric attempt to derive the actual [Formula: see text] from data obtained using cerebral blood volume imaging, with the aim of augmenting the existing estimation schemes. Bimanual finger tapping experiments were performed to determine how [Formula: see text] influences the model estimation of BOLD signals within a single-region and multiple-regions (i.e., dynamic causal modeling). In order to show the significance of applying the true [Formula: see text], we have presented the different results obtained when using the real [Formula: see text] and assumed [Formula: see text] in terms of single-region model estimation and dynamic causal modeling. RESULTS: The results show that [Formula: see text] significantly influences the estimation results within a single-region and multiple-regions. Using the actual [Formula: see text] might yield more realistic and physiologically meaningful model estimation results. CONCLUSION: Incorporating regional venous information in the analysis of the hemodynamic model can provide more reliable and accurate parameter estimations and model predictions, and improve the inference about brain connectivity based on fMRI data.


Assuntos
Volume Sanguíneo , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Oxigênio/sangue , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
17.
Cell Res ; 26(3): 320-35, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26902284

RESUMO

Small activating RNAs (saRNAs) targeting specific promoter regions are able to stimulate gene expression at the transcriptional level, a phenomenon known as RNA activation (RNAa). It is known that RNAa depends on Ago2 and is associated with epigenetic changes at the target promoters. However, the precise molecular mechanism of RNAa remains elusive. Using human CDKN1A (p21) as a model gene, we characterized the molecular nature of RNAa. We show that saRNAs guide Ago2 to and associate with target promoters. saRNA-loaded Ago2 facilitates the assembly of an RNA-induced transcriptional activation (RITA) complex, which, in addition to saRNA-Ago2 complex, includes RHA and CTR9, the latter being a component of the PAF1 complex. RITA interacts with RNA polymerase II to stimulate transcription initiation and productive elongation, accompanied by monoubiquitination of histone 2B. Our results establish the existence of a cellular RNA-guided genome-targeting and transcriptional activation mechanism and provide important new mechanistic insights into the RNAa process.


Assuntos
Proteínas Argonauta/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional , Biotinilação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , RNA Polimerase II/metabolismo , Elongação da Transcrição Genética , Fatores de Transcrição , Iniciação da Transcrição Genética , Ubiquitinação
18.
PLoS One ; 10(11): e0142019, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26540274

RESUMO

In dynamic Positron Emission Tomography (PET), an estimate of the radio activity concentration is obtained from a series of frames of sinogram data taken at ranging in duration from 10 seconds to minutes under some criteria. So far, all the well-known reconstruction algorithms require known data statistical properties. It limits the speed of data acquisition, besides, it is unable to afford the separated information about the structure and the variation of shape and rate of metabolism which play a major role in improving the visualization of contrast for some requirement of the diagnosing in application. This paper presents a novel low rank-based activity map reconstruction scheme from emission sinograms of dynamic PET, termed as SLCR representing Sparse/Low Rank Constrained Reconstruction for Dynamic PET Imaging. In this method, the stationary background is formulated as a low rank component while variations between successive frames are abstracted to the sparse. The resulting nuclear norm and l1 norm related minimization problem can also be efficiently solved by many recently developed numerical methods. In this paper, the linearized alternating direction method is applied. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is illustrated on three data sets.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas
19.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; 62(7): 1784-95, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25706502

RESUMO

Although of great clinical value, accurate and robust reconstruction and segmentation of dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) images are great challenges due to low spatial resolution and high noise. In this paper, we propose a unified framework that exploits temporal correlations and variations within image sequences based on low-rank and sparse matrix decomposition. Thus, the two separate inverse problems, PET image reconstruction and segmentation, are accomplished in a simultaneous fashion. Considering low signal to noise ratio and piece-wise constant assumption of PET images, we also propose to regularize low-rank and sparse matrices with vectorial total variation norm. The resulting optimization problem is solved by augmented Lagrangian multiplier method with variable splitting. The effectiveness of proposed approach is validated on realistic Monte Carlo simulation datasets and the real patient data.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Algoritmos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Método de Monte Carlo , Imagens de Fantasmas
20.
Mol Cells ; 38(2): 130-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25556372

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, endogenous RNAs that play important gene-regulatory roles by binding to the imperfectly complementary sequences at the 3'-UTR of mRNAs and directing their gene expression. Here, we first discovered that miR-576-3p was down-regulated in human bladder cancer cell lines compared with the non-malignant cell line. To better characterize the role of miR-576-3p in bladder cancer cells, we over-expressed or down-regulated miR-576-3p in bladder cancer cells by transfecting with chemically synthesized mimic or inhibitor. The overexpression of miR-576-3p remarkably inhibited cell proliferation via G1-phase arrest, and decreased both mRNA and protein levels of cyclin D1 which played a key role in G1/S phase transition. The knock-down of miR-576-3p significantly promoted the proliferation of bladder cancer cells by accelerating the progression of cell cycle and increased the expression of cyclin D1. Moreover, the dual-luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-576-3p could directly target cyclin D1 through binding its 3'-UTR. All the results demonstrated that miR-576-3p might be a novel suppressor of bladder cancer cell proliferation through targeting cyclin D1.


Assuntos
Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
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