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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(2): 581-589, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476352

RESUMO

Under the background of rapid urbanization, the degradation of urban river water environment and ecological function in the Taihu Lake Basin has become increasingly prominent. Consequently, it is particularly important to systematically assess urban river habitat. This study referred to and corrected the British Urban River Survey evaluation system. Based on the characte-ristics of urban rivers in the Taihu Lake Basin, we established the evaluation system of stretch habitat quality index (SHQI) of urban river stretches and analyzed the urban river habitat status and spatial variation in the Taihu Lake Basin. The results showed that the SHQI values of the 50 river stretches ranged between 8 and 21, with 3 river stretches classified as "excellent" habitat level, 6 as "good", 27 as "moderate", 9 as "poor", and 5 as "very poor". The vegetation index in urban river habitats in the Taihu Lake Basin was good, whereas that of the physical habitat and material index were bad. The overall ranking of habitats was Zhenjiang: Huzhou: Hangzhou: Jiaxing: Suzhou: Wuxi: Changzhou. There were significant differences in physical habitats, material indices and pollution indices among different cities. The main stream and the tributary section significantly differed in the material index and pollution index, but not significant for SHQI. The evaluation system constructed in this study reflected the current situation of urban river habitats in the Taihu Lake Basin, and could provide guidance for ecological restoration of urban rivers.


Assuntos
Lagos , Rios , China , Cidades , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 738: 139834, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531598

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have suggested that phthalate exposures were associated with adverse reproductive outcomes, such as low oocyte yield and reduced embryo quality, but the underlying mechanisms remained largely unknown. Oxidative stress may be a potential contributor to phthalate-induced adverse reproductive outcomes. To explore the associations between phthalate exposure and levels of oxidative stress among women seeking in vitro fertilization (IVF), we measured the concentrations of eight phthalate metabolites and biomarkers of oxidative stress, including 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC), in follicular fluid (FF) samples collected from 332 women. Multivariable linear regression models were used to assess the associations between phthalate metabolites and biomarkers of oxidative stress in FF samples. The concentrations of most tested phthalate metabolites were positively associated with the 8-OHdG levels. The metabolites of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) were inversely associated with the TAC levels. The concentrations of mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) were positively associated with the MDA levels. Our results revealed a positive association between phthalate metabolites and oxidative stress levels in FF, while more toxicological and epidemiological studies are required to confirm our findings.

3.
Neuroscience ; 438: 9-24, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353462

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a regulator of axon growth and radial neuronal migration in the developing mouse brain, and it plays critical roles in cortical structure formation and brain function. However, the function of Cdk5 in cortico-cortical and cortico-sensorimotor networks in the adult remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the function of Cdk5 in the rostral secondary motor cortex (M2) in the male mouse using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing and somatic brain transgenesis, to produce M2-specific knockdown of Cdk5 in neurons in the male mouse. Mouse deficient in Cdk5 in the M2 exhibited a reduction in both the number of functional synapses and the total basal dendritic length, as well as motor dysfunction. Furthermore, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in layer V green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tag pyramidal neurons revealed a decrease in the frequency and amplitude of miniature EPSCs and miniature IPSCs, as well as a reduction in the population synaptic responses (fEPSPs) in these mice. Specifically, retrograde labeling showed that Cdk5 knockdown in the M2 caused a reduction in long-range projections to the M2 from the thalamus/prefrontal cortex and claustrum. Collectively, our findings show a new regulatory role of Cdk5 in neural circuit maintenance, and that the changes in neural transmission and circuits in the mice with Cdk5 knockdown in the M2 likely contribute to the motor dysfunction in these animals.

4.
Mol Cell ; 78(5): 951-959.e6, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359443

RESUMO

BRCA1 promotes the DNA end resection and RAD51 loading steps of homologous recombination (HR). Whether these functions can be uncoupled, and whether mutant proteins retaining partial activity can complement one another, is unclear and could affect the severity of BRCA1-associated Fanconi anemia (FA). Here we generated a Brca1CC mouse with a coiled-coil (CC) domain deletion. Brca1CC/CC mice are born at low frequencies, and post-natal mice have FA-like abnormalities, including bone marrow failure. Intercrossing with Brca1Δ11, which is homozygous lethal, generated Brca1CC/Δ11 mice at Mendelian frequencies that were indistinguishable from Brca1+/+ mice. Brca1CC and Brca1Δ11 proteins were individually responsible for counteracting 53BP1-RIF1-Shieldin activity and promoting RAD51 loading, respectively. Thus, Brca1CC and Brca1Δ11 alleles represent separation-of-function mutations that combine to provide a level of HR sufficient for normal development and hematopoiesis. Because BRCA1 activities can be genetically separated, compound heterozygosity for functional complementary mutations may protect individuals from FA.

5.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(7)2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively characterized the immune infiltrating profile in nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NF-PanNETs). METHODS: Tumor tissues from the 109-patient Fudan cohort and a 73-patient external validation set were evaluated by immunohistochemistry for 9 immune cell types: tumor-infiltrating neutrophils (TINs), tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), CD11c+ dendritic cells, anti-NCR1+ natural killer (NK) cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, CD45RO+ memory T cells, FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs), and CD20+ B cells. RESULTS: TINs were primarily distributed in the intratumoral area, dendritic cells and NK cells were scattered evenly in intratumoral and stromal areas, and Tregs were rarely detected. The remaining 5 cell types were primarily present in peritumoral stroma. Total TINs (P < .001) and TAMs (P = .002) increased as NF-PanNET grade rose. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that high intratumoral TINs, total TAMs, and stromal CD4+ T-cell infiltration correlated with shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS, P = .010, P = .027, and P = .035, respectively) and overall survival (OS, P = .017, P = .029, and P = .045, respectively). Additionally, high intratumoral CD8+ T cell infiltration correlated with prolonged RFS (P = .039). Multivariate Cox regression demonstrated that intratumoral TINs, World Health Organization (WHO) classification, and eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer tumor-node-metastasis staging system (AJCC8th TNM) were independent factors for RFS (P = .043, P = .023, and P = .029, respectively), whereas intratumoral TINs and WHO classification were independent factors for OS (P = .010 and P = .007, respectively). Furthermore, the combination of TINs, WHO classification, and AJCC8th TNM remarkably improved prognostic accuracy for RFS. These results have been verified in the external validation set. CONCLUSION: Intratumoral TINs are an independent and unfavorable predictor of postoperative NF-PanNETs. A combination of TINs, WHO classification, and AJCC8th TNM could improve prognostic accuracy for RFS.

6.
Environ Res ; 184: 109295, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalate metabolites in follicular fluid (FF) may negatively affect normal folliculogenesis; however, the predictors of phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine and FF and relationships between urine and FF phthalate metabolite concentrations among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of phthalate metabolites in urine and FF and correlations between urine and FF phthalate metabolite concentrations among women undergoing IVF. METHOD: We recruited 305 women seeking infertility treatment at a reproductive center in Wuhan, China, from October to November 2016. Information regarding demographic characteristics, personal care product use and plastic material contact was obtained through direct interviews. Concentrations of 8 phthalate metabolites in urine and FF samples were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Associations regarding metabolite concentrations in urine and FF samples were analysed by Spearman's correlation and linear regression. Generalized linear regression was used to examine potential predictors of phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine and FF. RESULTS: Weak to moderate associations between urine and FF samples were found for monoethyl phthalate (MEP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) (correlation coefficient: MEP, 0.350; MEOHP, 0.377); no associations were observed for other metabolites. The predictive powers of urinary metabolite concentrations in determining FF metabolite concentrations were uniformly low, with R2 ≤ 0.113. Body mass index (BMI) and educational level were inversely associated with the urinary concentrations of certain metabolites. Higher household income, intake of bottled drinks within 48 h, and use of shower gel and soap were frequently associated with higher urinary metabolite concentrations. BMI, higher household income and use of disposable plastic cups within 48 h were associated with higher metabolite concentrations in FF. CONCLUSION: Phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine and FF vary according to sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle factors. Phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine may not be appropriate for estimating ovary phthalate exposure.

7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(8): 828-838, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and nutrition status play an important role in cancer metastasis. The combined index of hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet (HALP), consisting of haemoglobin, albumin, lymphocytes, and platelets, is considered as a novel marker to reflect both systemic inflammation and nutrition status. However, no studies have investigated the relationship between HALP and survival of patients with pancreatic cancer following radical resection. AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative HALP in pancreatic cancer patients. METHODS: The preoperative serum levels of hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte counts, and platelet counts were routinely detected in 582 pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients who underwent radical resection. The relationship between postoperative survival and the preoperative level of HALP was investigated. RESULTS: Low levels of HALP were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.002), poor tumor differentiation (P = 0.032), high TNM stage (P = 0.008), female patients (P = 0.005) and tumor location in the head of the pancreas (P < 0.001). Low levels of HALP were associated with early recurrence [7.3 mo vs 16.3 mo, P < 0.001 for recurrence-free survival (RFS)] and short survival [11.5 mo vs 23.6 mo, P < 0.001 for overall survival (OS)] in patients with resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A low level of HALP was an independent risk factor for early recurrence and short survival irrespective of sex and tumor location. CONCLUSION: Low levels of HALP may be a significant risk factor for RFS and OS in patients with resected pancreatic cancer.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109884, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalate exposure was reported to induce defects in ovarian function, and further influence embryo development and pregnancy outcomes. However, the data about the associations of phthalates with intermediate and pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles are scarce in the Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 663 women receiving IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatments in our center were enrolled in this analysis. They provided one urine sample on the day of oocyte retrieval. We measured urinary concentrations of eight phthalate metabolites. Generalized linear models were used to analyze the associations of urinary phthalate metabolites with ovarian response, fertilization, early embryo development, and pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: Among all the phthalate metabolites, mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) had the highest urinary concentration with a median level of 101.51 µg/g creatinine (Cr). MBP concentration was inversely associated with normal fertilization odds (overall P-trend < 0.01). There was a significant correlation of monoethyl phthalate (MEP) with decreased odds of normal fertilization in medium-concentration group compared to low-concentration group (overall P-trend = 0.02). No significant associations of metabolite concentrations with the odds of good-quality embryos on day 3 or blastocyst formation were found. Monomethyl phthalate (MMP) and MEP in medium-concentration group reduced 22.4% (95% CI: 0.64-0.94, overall P-trend = 0.04) and 21.9% (95% CI: 0.64-0.95, overall P-trend = 0.05) of the odds to gain good-quality blastocyst compared to low-concentration group. The eight phthalate metabolites were not correlated to clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate, or early miscarriage rate. There was no significant association of di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) metabolites observed with any clinical outcomes in the total population. After excluding male infertility, mono (2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) in medium-concentration group turned to be associated with a higher number of retrieved oocytes (overall P-trend = 0.04), whereas mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) in medium-concentration group was associated with a lower odds of normal fertilization compared to low-concentration group (overall P-trend = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Urinary MBP concentration was much higher compared to other phthalate metabolites in this cohort of Chinese IVF/ICSI women, and also higher than it was reported by studies in other countries. MBP showed adverse impacts on fertilization. MMP and MEP could affect blastocyst quality, but not embryo quality on day 3. DEHP metabolites didn't show consistent reproductive toxicities as demonstrated in previous studies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/urina , Fertilização In Vitro , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Feminino , Fertilização/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18431, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861011

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to measure the urate volume within tophus and bone erosion volume using dual-energy computed tomography in patients with tophaceous gout. Furthermore, our study aims to quantitatively analyze the relationship between monosodium urate (MSU) crystal deposition and bone erosion according to the anatomic location of urate deposition.Seventy-seven subjects with chronic gout were positively identified for the presence of urate deposition. Only 27 subjects identified for the presence of urate in contact with bone erosion were included in this study. The urate volumes and associated erosion volumes were measured. The relationships between urate within tophus and bone erosion were separately analyzed according to the anatomic location of urate deposition.Twenty-seven subjects were all male (100%) with a median (interquartile range, IQR) age of 52 (45-61) years. From all the subjects, 103 tophi depositions were identified in contact with bone erosion, including 58/103 tophi that contained an intraosseous component and 45/103 nonintraosseous tophi. Tophi containing intraosseous components were larger than nonintraosseous tophi (urate volume: median [IQR] 45.64 [4.79-250.89] mm vs 19.32 [6.97-46.71] mm, P = .035) and caused greater bone erosion (erosion volume: 249.03 [147.08-845.33] mm vs 69.07 [32.88-111.24] mm, P < .001). Almost all erosion volumes were larger than urate volumes in nonperiarticular tophi, in contrast to most erosion volumes, which were less than urate volumes in the tophi that contained a periarticular component (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval: 74.00, 14.70-372.60; P < .001). Urate volume and erosion volume demonstrated positive correlations in intraosseous tophi, intraosseous-intra-articular-periarticular tophi, and intraosseous-intra-articular tophi (rs = 0.761, rs = 0.695, rs = 0.629, respectively, P < .05).MSU crystal deposition shows a promoting effect on the development of bone erosions in varying degrees, associated with the location of MSU crystals deposited in the joints. The intraosseous tophi contribute the most to bone erosions, followed by intra-articular tophi, and periarticular tophi.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas/etiologia , Gota/complicações , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Adulto , Doenças Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Ósseas/metabolismo , Gota/diagnóstico por imagem , Gota/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(24): 2899-2904, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of undifferentiated arthritis (UA) are diverse, and only 40% of patients with UA develop rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after 3 years. Discovering predictive markers at disease onset for further intervention is critical. Therefore, our objective was to analyze the clinical outcomes of UA and ascertain the predictors for RA development. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multi-center study from January 2013 to October 2016 among Chinese patients diagnosed with UA in 22 tertiary-care hospitals. Clinical and serological parameters were obtained at recruitment. Follow-up was undertaken in all patients every 12 weeks for 2 years. Predictive factors of disease progression were identified using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: A total of 234 patients were recruited in this study, and 17 (7.3%) patients failed to follow up during the study. Among the 217 patients who completed the study, 83 (38.2%) patients went into remission. UA patients who developed RA had a higher rheumatoid factor (RF)-positivity (42.9% vs. 16.8%, χ = 8.228, P = 0.008), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody-positivity (66.7% vs. 10.7%, χ = 43.897, P < 0.001), and double-positivity rate of RF and anti-CCP antibody (38.1% vs. 4.1%, χ = 32.131, P < 0.001) than those who did not. Anti-CCP antibody but not RF was an independent predictor for RA development (hazard ratio 18.017, 95% confidence interval: 5.803-55.938; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: As an independent predictor of RA, anti-CCP antibody should be tested at disease onset in all patients with UA.

11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(41): 6248-6257, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platelets have been reported to participate in tumor cell growth, extravasation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metastasis, and drug resistance. However, the importance of platelets in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) lacks adequate literature support. The predictive value of tumor-infiltrating platelets (TIPs) in pNET remains unclear. AIM: To investigate the relationship between TIPs and the prognosis of patients with pNET following radical resection. METHODS: In total, 113 patients who had undergone radical surgical resection with a pathologic diagnosis of pNET were enrolled in this study. Immunohistochemical analysis of cluster of differentiation 42b (CD42b) expression in the tumor specimens was performed to determine the presence of TIPs. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to analyze the prognostic value of TIPs. RESULTS: TIPs were observed in intratumoral areas in 54 patients. Neither basic characteristics nor preoperative platelet-associated indicators showed a significant relationship with the presence of TIPs (all P > 0.05). Patients with positive intratumoral CD42b expression had worse overall survival (P = 0.005) and recurrence-free survival (P < 0.001) than those with negative intratumoral CD42b expression. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that TIPs were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (P = 0.049) and recurrence-free survival (P = 0.003). Nevertheless, platelet count, mean platelet volume, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were not associated with postoperative survival or recurrence in pNET patients (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: TIPs are a useful prognostic biomarker for patients with resectable pNET, and their detection represents a promising tool for pNET treatment strategy decisions.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/sangue , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/citologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(19): 3074-3081, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata is a hair loss disease associated with genetics, autoimmunity, and other factors. There is an intriguing link between alopecia areata and gut dysbiosis. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been recommended to treat Clostridium difficile (previously known as Clostridioides difficile) infection, and has also shown potentials in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and non-alcohol fatty liver disease. CASE SUMMARY: An 86-year-old man, with a history of sigmoid colon carcinoma, suffered from recurrent abdominal pain and distension, and diarrhea for six months, with inappetence. At admission, he was also diagnosed with depression. Upon physical examination, the patient presented with a 1.5 cm × 2.0 cm alopecia areata on his right occiput. Due to the negative results of laboratory testing, capsule endoscopy, and colonoscopy, the patient was diagnosed with noninfectious diarrhea, depressive disorder, and patchy alopecia areata. Considering that noninfectious diarrhea in the elderly patient was mainly caused by gut dysbiosis, he was given six rounds of FMT. His diarrhea improved remarkably one month after FMT, with improved appetite and disappearance of abdominal pain, distension, and depressive symptoms. Surprisingly, he reported new hair growth on the affected region of his scalp, with some of his white hair gradually turning to black, without taking any other therapies for alopecia areata before and after FMT. CONCLUSION: FMT might act as a potential therapy for patients who suffer from alopecia areata. Large and well-designed studies are required to confirm the role of FMT in alopecia areata.

13.
J Cancer ; 10(17): 4123-4131, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417657

RESUMO

Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) progression is mediated by mutations in driver genes and a complex stroma that is mainly dependent on the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway. However, the association between driver genes and Shh-pathway proteins and their potential prognostic significance remain unclear. Methods: We analyzed protein expressions of the KRAS, TP53, SMAD4, and CDKN2A/P16 driver genes and the Shh-pathway molecules, including Shh, glioma-associated oncogene (Gli) 1, Gli2, and smoothened (SMO) by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays in 237 patients with resectable PDAC and statistically determined their prognostic significance. Results: SMAD4 lost mutation was associated with shorter survival outcomes [overall survival (OS): Hazard ratio (HR) 1.887, p < 0.001]; recurrence-free survival (RFS): HR 1.886, p < 0.001) and abnormal p53 immunolabeling was associated with poor OS (HR 1.436, p = 0.011) in patients with PDAC. The mutational status of p16 had no effect on patient survival. High levels of SMO and Gli1 expression were associated with poor survival outcomes in both univariate and multivariate analyses. Pearson's χ2 test showed a medium correlation between the SMAD4 lost mutation and Shh (R = 0.343) and Gli1 (R = 0.505) expression levels (p < 0.001). Patients with the SMAD4 lost mutation and high levels of Shh and Gli1 expression showed the poorest survival outcomes (RFS: HR 2.976; OS: HR 3.598; p < 0.001 for both) compared with other patients in the study. Conclusion: Loss of SMAD4 associated with a strongly activated Shh pathway resulted in poor survival outcomes in patients with resected PDAC.

14.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-6, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390923

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the differential effects of endometrial preparation approaches, natural cycle (NC) and hormone replacement therapy (HRT), on the endometrial hormone conditions in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Methods: 42 RPL patients were recruited, and a self-controlled trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness of NC to HRT on the same patient. The estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) levels in both serum and endometrial tissue were measured in NC and HRT, respectively. Meanwhile, the expression levels of endometrial progesterone receptor A (PRA) and progesterone receptor B (PRB) were also compared between NC and HRT cycles during the window of receptivity. All statistical analyses were performed using GraphPad Prism 5, and data were averaged across subjects and tested for significance by pair-samples t-test. Results: Hormone replacement slightly decreased serum E2 and P levels (0.9- and 0.8-fold in average, respectively), significantly elevated endometrial E2 and P (2.1- and 14.5-fold in average, respectively), and reduced endometrial E2/P ratio (0.34-fold in average) compared to the NC condition. However, no correlation was found between serum and endometrial hormone concentrations. Further, the PRA/PRB ratios of both stromal and glandular cells were comparable between HRT and NC conditions, even though stromal PRA expression was slightly elevated by HRT compared to NC (1.63±0.96 vs 1.18±0.99, p =.0173). Conclusion: The effects of HRT for endometrial preparation are similar or slightly superior to NC in RPL patients.

15.
J Cancer ; 10(12): 2670-2678, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258775

RESUMO

Introduction: SRPX2 and RAB31 play important roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis; however, their prognostic value in pancreatic cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential interactions and effects of SRPX2 and RAB31 on the diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Methods: The expression of SRPX2 and RAB31 in pancreatic tumor tissues and cells was evaluated through database mining of the Oncomine, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases, and validated the results through immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot in our clinical database. Protein-protein interactions were explored by immunofluorescence and Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP). Two hundred tissue microarray specimens from patients (79 training and 121 validation), who underwent curative pancreatectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) were used. Additionally, the association between the SRPX2 and RAB31 and prognosis of PDAC patients after surgery was analyzed. Results: The expression of SRPX2 and RAB31 was highly increased in pancreatic cancer, and there was a significant positive correlation between these two proteins. Co-IP showed the direct interaction between SRPX2 and RAB31. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive expression of SRPX2 and RAB31 was associated with reduced disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of PDAC patients in the training set and the validation sets. Furthermore, multivariate analysis indicated that the 8th edition TNM stage and combination of SRPX2 and RAB31 were independent prognostic factors that associated with OS and DFS in the training, and the validation sets, respectively. Conclusions: The combination of SRPX2 and RAB31 can be important markers for the prognosis of pancreatic cancer.

16.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 11(6): 489-498, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radical surgical resection is regarded as the best treatment for hepatic hilar cholangiocarcinoma. However, 60%-70% of patients have lost the chance of surgery at the time of diagnosis. Simple biliary stent or drainage tube placement may fail in a short time due to tumor invasion or overgrowth, bile accumulation, or biofilm formation. Effective palliative treatments to extend the effective drainage time are of great significance for improving the quality of life of patients and changing the prognosis of patients. AIM: To investigate the clinical efficacy of gemcitabine and cisplatin-based transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with radiotherapy in hilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients clinically diagnosed with hilar cholangiocarcinoma from June 2014 to January 2017 at the Liaoning Provincial Cancer Hospital. Patients were evaluated by specialists, and those who were not suitable for surgery or unwilling to undergo surgery and met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. There were a total of 72 patients (34 males and 38 females) with an average age of 59.9 years (range, 40-72 years). According to percutaneous transhepatic biliary angiography and the patients' wishes, stent implantation or biliary drainage tube implantation was used to relieve biliary obstruction. The patients were divided into either a control group or a combined treatment group according to their follow-up treatment. The control group consisted of a total of 35 patients who received simple biliary drainage tube placement and biliary stent implantation (7 patients with bilateral stents and 6 with a unilateral stent) and 22 patients receiving biliary drainage tube placement alone. The combined treatment group received TACE and extracorporeal radiotherapy after biliary drainage or biliary stent implantation and consisted of a total of 37 patients, including 21 patients receiving combined treatment after biliary stent placement (14 patients with bilateral stents and 7 with a unilateral stent) and 16 undergoing combined therapy after implanting the biliary drainage tube. In the combination treatment group, the TACE chemotherapy regimen employed gemcitabine and cisplatin, and the embolic agent was iodized oil. A particular dose was determined according to the patient's body surface area and the tumor staining indicated by DSA. In vitro radiotherapy was performed with intensity-modulated radiotherapy or three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy at an average dose of 48.3 Gy. Both groups were followed from stent implantation or drainage tube implantation until the patient quitted or died. The median length of follow-up observation was 13 mo. The differences in overall survival time and the effect of different jaundice reducing methods (single stent, double stent, or biliary drainage) on the patency time and survival time of biliary stents were compared between the two groups; the related factors affecting overall survival time were analyzed. RESULTS: The median survival time of the control group was 10.5 mo; the median survival time of patients with biliary stent implantation and those with percutaneous biliary drainage was 9.6 mo and 11.4 mo, respectively, and there was no statistically significant difference between them. The median survival time of the combined treatment group was 20.0 mo, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Among patients in the combined treatment group, the median survival time of patients who underwent biliary stent implantation and those who accepted percutaneous biliary drainage before the combination therapy was 19.5 mo and 20.1 mo, respectively, and there was no significant difference between them. In the combination treatment group, the mean time of median stent patency was 15.6 mo, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (7.0 mo; P < 0.05). The independent factors affecting survival time included age, whether to receive combination therapy, percutaneous biliary drainage tube implantation, and Bismuth-Corlette classification as type IV. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine and cisplatin-based TACE combined with radiotherapy can prolong the survival of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Independent predictors of survival include selection of combination therapy, Bismuth-Corlette classification as type IV, selection of percutaneous biliary drainage tube implantation, and age.

17.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 57(11): 1668-1679, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141478

RESUMO

Background Previous reviews of the diagnosis for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have not compared anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV) with anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) in respect of sensitivity, specificity and the area under the curve (AUC) against disease controls for differential diagnosis. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the value of anti-MCV in the diagnosis for RA, the combined sensitivity of anti-MCV and anti-CCP, and certain clinical characteristics related to the performance of anti-MCV. Methods Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for articles published up to 25 August 2018. A total of 33 studies including 6044 RA patients and 5094 healthy or disease controls achieved inclusive criteria. QUADAS-2 was applied to evaluate the quality of the included studies. The bivariate random effects model was employed in primary data synthesis to evaluate the diagnostic performance. Results The sensitivity of anti-MCV, anti-CCP and RF in RA diagnosis against a disease control group was 0.71, 0.71, 0.77, with the specificity of 0.89, 0.95, 0.73, and the AUC of the SROC of 0.89, 0.95, 0.82, respectively. The predesign of the primary study and diagnostic criteria were statistically significant as sources of heterogeneity. Anti-MCV and anti-CCP tests demonstrated a sensitivity of 0.77 when performed in parallel, with a sensitivity of 0.60 when performed in series; whereas, the combination of anti-MCV and RF presented a sensitivity of 0.64 when used in series. Conclusions Anti-MCV demonstrates comparable diagnostic value to anti-CCP and RF, thus it can be an effective diagnostic marker for RA and may be written into the next authoritative criteria.

18.
Circ Res ; 124(12): 1760-1777, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982412

RESUMO

RATIONALE: PKA (Protein Kinase A) is a major mediator of ß-AR (ß-adrenergic) regulation of cardiac function, but other mediators have also been suggested. Reduced PKA basal activity and activation are linked to cardiac diseases. However, how complete loss of PKA activity impacts on cardiac physiology and if it causes cardiac dysfunction have never been determined. OBJECTIVES: We set to determine how the heart adapts to the loss of cardiomyocyte PKA activity and if it elicits cardiac abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: (1) Cardiac PKA activity was almost completely inhibited by expressing a PKA inhibitor peptide in cardiomyocytes (cPKAi) in mice; (2) cPKAi reduced basal phosphorylation of 2 myofilament proteins (TnI [troponin I] and cardiac myosin binding protein C), and one longitudinal SR (sarcoplasmic reticulum) protein (PLB [phospholamban]) but not of the sarcolemmal proteins (Cav1.2 α1c and PLM [phospholemman]), dyadic protein RyR2, and nuclear protein CREB (cAMP response element binding protein) at their PKA phosphorylation sites; (3) cPKAi increased the expression of CaMKII (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II), the Cav1.2 ß subunits and current, but decreased CaMKII phosphorylation and CaMKII-mediated phosphorylation of PLB and RyR2; (4) These changes resulted in significantly enhanced myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity, prolonged contraction, slowed relaxation but increased myocyte Ca2+ transient and contraction amplitudes; (5) Isoproterenol-induced PKA and CaMKII activation and their phosphorylation of proteins were prevented by cPKAi; (6) cPKAi abolished the increases of heart rate, and cardiac and myocyte contractility by a ß-AR agonist (isoproterenol), showing an important role of PKA and a minimal role of PKA-independent ß-AR signaling in acute cardiac regulation; (7) cPKAi mice have partial exercise capability probably by enhancing vascular constriction and ventricular filling during ß-AR stimulation; and (8) cPKAi mice did not show any cardiac functional or structural abnormalities during the 1-year study period. CONCLUSIONS: PKA activity suppression induces a unique Ca2+ handling phenotype, eliminates ß-AR regulation of heart rates and cardiac contractility but does not cause cardiac abnormalities.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta/metabolismo , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/genética , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Contração Miocárdica/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/metabolismo
19.
Fertil Steril ; 111(5): 953-961, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30879714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether follicular fluid (FF) concentrations of phthalate metabolites are associated with levels of intrafollicular reproductive hormones in women undergoing in vitro fertilization. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-affiliated reproductive medicine center. PATIENT(S): A total of 194 women each contributed one FF sample at oocyte retrieval. INTERVENTION(S): FF aspirates from individual follicles (≥18 mm in diameter) were collected. We measured eight phthalate metabolites and four ovarian hormones in the FF samples. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Per-follicle E2, P, total T, and antimüllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations. RESULT(S): Most phthalate metabolites were highly detected in FF samples. We observed a dose-response relationship between increasing monomethyl phthalate (MMP) tertiles and lower E2, P, and T levels. Women in the third tertile of MMP had decreases of 34.23%, 9.44 ng/L, and 23.28% in E2, P, and T, respectively, compared with women in the first tertile. Tertiles of monoethyl phthalate and the percentage of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate) metabolites excreted as mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate were inversely associated with P. We also identified a negative relationship between monobenzyl phthalate tertiles and AMH. In addition, positive correlations between some of the phthalate metabolites and ovarian hormones were detected. CONCLUSION(S): FF concentrations of certain phthalate metabolites were associated with altered levels of intrafollicular reproductive hormones, which raises concern over a potential deleterious effect of environmental phthalate exposure on the endocrine capacity and viability of theca and granulosa cells.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Líquido Folicular/metabolismo , Recuperação de Oócitos/métodos , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Líquido Folicular/química , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácidos Ftálicos/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Adulto Jovem
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