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1.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 2343-2353, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992671

RESUMO

Background: Vitamin D3 has been known to have an anticancer effect, but the mechanisms underlying this is poorly explored. The present study aimed to investigate the antitumor role of vitamin D3 on gastric cancer and mechanisms. Methods: The Roche Elecsys platform was applied in retrospective studies to detect the role of 25-hydroxylvitamin D3 in adenocarcinoma and colony formation assay was conducted to verify the effect of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the proliferation of gastric cancer cells. After the identification of hypermethylation of BMP3 CpG islands by bisulfite genomic sequencing (BGS), we further investigated the relationship of BMP3 expression and gastric carcinogenesis by Western blot analysis and gel electrophoresis mobility shift assay (EMSA). Results: Here we show that low concentration of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 links to can-cerization and significantly inhibits proliferation of undifferentiated gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901 and BGC-823. BMP3 promoter hypermethylation was highly correlated with gastric tumor. Moreover, BMP3 expression was regulated by its promoter methylation in gastric cells. The further exploration of the relationship between 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and BMP3 by EMSA results that 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 stimulates BMP3 expression by the inhibition of BMP3 promoter methylation in gastric tumor cells. Conclusion: In combination with the data from clinical research, bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification, we propose that 1, 25-hydroxylvitamin D3 affects gastric cancer progression by repressing BMP3 promoter methylation.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2788, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30519220

RESUMO

The production of pneumocandin B0 is limited by feedback inhibition. Here, low-temperature adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) was used to improve the production capacity of Glarea lozoyensis by enhancing its membrane permeability. After 50 cycles of ALE, the pneumocandin B0 production of the endpoint strain (ALE50) reached 2131 g/L, which was 32% higher than the starting strain (ALE0). ALE50 showed a changed fatty acid composition of the cell membrane, which-+h increased its permeability by 14%, which in turn increased the secretion ratio threefold. Furthermore, ALE50 showed increased intracellular proline and acetyl-CoA concentrations, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activity, as well as total antioxidant capacity. The slight biomass decrease in ALE50 was accompanied by decreased isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activity. Finally, a putative model of the accumulation and secretion of pneumocandin B0 in ALE50 was established. ALE is a promising method to release intracellular feedback inhibition.

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