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1.
Cell ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848463

RESUMO

Receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)-mediated activation of downstream effector pathways such as the RAS GTPase/MAP kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade is thought to occur exclusively from lipid membrane compartments in mammalian cells. Here, we uncover a membraneless, protein granule-based subcellular structure that can organize RTK/RAS/MAPK signaling in cancer. Chimeric (fusion) oncoproteins involving certain RTKs including ALK and RET undergo de novo higher-order assembly into membraneless cytoplasmic protein granules that actively signal. These pathogenic biomolecular condensates locally concentrate the RAS activating complex GRB2/SOS1 and activate RAS in a lipid membrane-independent manner. RTK protein granule formation is critical for oncogenic RAS/MAPK signaling output in these cells. We identify a set of protein granule components and establish structural rules that define the formation of membraneless protein granules by RTK oncoproteins. Our findings reveal membraneless, higher-order cytoplasmic protein assembly as a distinct subcellular platform for organizing oncogenic RTK and RAS signaling.

2.
Rheumatol Ther ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852146

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) is challenging due to a lack of safe and efficacious medication. Low-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) treatment emerges as a new option in active IIMs. This study aims to explore the clinical and immunological effects of low-dose IL-2 in patients with active IIMs. METHODS: Eighteen patients with active IIMs were enrolled and received 1 × 106 IU of IL-2 subcutaneously every other day for 12 weeks on top of standard care. The primary endpoint for the trial was change in percentage of regulatory T (Treg) cells in total CD4+ T cells at week 12. The secondary endpoints included the International Myositis Assessment and Clinical Studies (IMACS) definition of improvement (DOI), the 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) myositis response criteria, safety, and steroid-sparing effect at weeks 12 and 24. RESULTS: With low-dose IL-2 treatment, 77.78% (14/18) patients achieved IMACS DOI and 83.33% (15/18) patients met the 2016 ACR/EULAR myositis response criteria at week 12. All individual core set measures (CSMs) including PhGA, PGA and HAQ-DI, muscle enzymes, MMT-8 and extramuscular activity were improved at week 12. The cutaneous dermatomyositis disease area and severity index activity score (CDASI-a) decreased significantly from 7 (4.5, 13) to 2 (0, 7) after IL-2 administration (P < 0.001). Proportion of Treg cells significantly increased with low-dose IL-2 treatment at week 12 (8.97% [5.77, 9.89%] vs. 15.2% [10.4, 17.3%], P = 0.009). There were no serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose IL-2 was effective in active IIMs and well tolerated. The amelioration of disease activity may associate with promotion of Tregs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT04062019.

3.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2001118, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825332

RESUMO

SCOPE: Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) has demonstrated several immune regulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and mechanisms of LBP treatment in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice were randomly divided into four groups: low dose LBP (LBP.L, 5 mg/kg/d), high dose LBP (LBP.H, 10 mg/kg/d), low dose interleukin (IL)-2 (LDIL-2, 25000 IU/d), and control (saline water). LBP, saline water, and IL-2 were administered daily for 12 weeks. Salivary flow rate, histological alterations, T cells subpopulations, autoantibody levels were each examined. Low dose LBP significantly reduced the salivary gland inflammation compared with the control group (histological score: p LBP.L versus Control = 0.019; foci number: p LBP.L versus Control = 0.038). Low dose LBP also remarkably reduced the effector follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and the CD4+ IL-17A+ helper T (Th17) cells in both spleen and the cervical lymph node (cLN) cells. Additionally, the ratios of Treg/Tfh cells and Treg/Th17 cells were substantially increased in mice treated with low dose LBP in both the spleen and cLNs. LBP also inhibited the Th17 and Tfh cells and markedly increased the Treg/Tfh ratio in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. CONCLUSION: Low dose LBP inhibits the progression of pSS in this mice model in part via T cell differentiation modulation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Tumori ; : 3008916211005546, 2021 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818198

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements are considered mutually exclusive in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAC). However, sporadic cases harboring concomitant EGFR and ALK alterations have been increasingly reported. There is no consensus opinion regarding the treatment of patients positive for both molecular alterations. NSCLC with EGFR/ALK coalterations should be separated into two subtypes: unifocal and multifocal LUAC. Here, we present an overview of the available literature regarding this rare group of patients to provide useful suggestions for therapeutic strategies.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 132021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795523

RESUMO

Human Mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are multi-potential cells which are widely used in cell therapy. However, the frequently emerged senescence and decrease of differentiation capabilities limited the broad applications of MSC. Several strategies such as small molecules treatment have been widely studied and used to improve the stem characteristics bypassing the senescence but the exact mechanisms for them to reduce senescence have not been fully studied. In this study, hMSCs were treated by rapamycin, oltipraz, metformin, and vitamin C for the indicated time and these cells were subjected to senescence evaluation and trilineage differentiation. Furthermore, transcriptomics and lipidomics datasets of hMSCs after drug treatment were analyzed to interpret biological pathways responsible for their anti-senescence effects. Although four drugs exhibited significant activities in promoting MSC osteogenic differentiation, metformin is the optimal drug to promote trilineage differentiation. GO terms illustrated that the anti-aging effects of drugs were mainly associated with cellular senescence, mitotic and meiosis process. Biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholines (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were inhibited whereas production of phosphatidylinositols (PIs) and saturated fatty acids (SFA)/ mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) conversion was activated. Medium free fatty acids (FFA) was increased in hMSCs with different anti-aging phenotypes. Therefore, we established a comprehensive method in assessing drug intervention based on the results of transcriptomics and lipidomics. The method can be used to study different biological phenotypes upon drug intervention in MSC which will extend the clinical application of hMSCs.

7.
Pancreatology ; 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease with a poor 5-year survival rate. Pathogenic germline variants in the coding regions of ATM, BRCA1, and BRCA2 are found in up to 4.8% of pancreatic cancer patients. Germline promoter methylation and gene silencing arising from a germline variant or through other mechanisms have been described as a cause of tumor suppressor gene inactivation. METHODS: We measured the level of promoter methylation of the ATM, BRCA1, and BRCA2 genes in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 655 patients with pancreatic cancer using real-time PCR. RESULTS: No evidence of germline promoter methylation of any of these genes was found. Promoter methylation levels were minimal with no patient having promoter methylation greater than 3.4%, 3.3%, and 7.6% for ATM, BRCA1 and BRCA2, respectively, well below levels found in patients who have inherited promoter methylation (∼50%). CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of germline promoter methylation for the pancreatic susceptibility genes ATM, BRCA1 and BRCA2 in patients with pancreatic cancer. This study reveals that constitutive germline methylation of promoter CpG islands is rare in pancreatic cancer.

8.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 53, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To minimize the rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF)- associated multiple-embryo gestation, significant efforts have been made. Previous studies related to machine learning in IVF mainly focused on selecting the top-quality embryos to improve outcomes, however, in patients with sub-optimal prognosis or with medium- or inferior-quality embryos, the selection between SET and DET could be perplexing. METHODS: This was an application study including 9211 patients with 10,076 embryos treated during 2016 to 2018, in Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China. A hierarchical model was established using the machine learning system XGBoost, to learn embryo implantation potential and the impact of double embryos transfer (DET) simultaneously. The performance of the model was evaluated with the AUC of the ROC curve. Multiple regression analyses were also conducted on the 19 selected features to demonstrate the differences between feature importance for prediction and statistical relationship with outcomes. RESULTS: For a single embryo transfer (SET) pregnancy, the following variables remained significant: age, attempts at IVF, estradiol level on hCG day, and endometrial thickness. For DET pregnancy, age, attempts at IVF, endometrial thickness, and the newly added P1 + P2 remained significant. For DET twin risk, age, attempts at IVF, 2PN/ MII, and P1 × P2 remained significant. The algorithm was repeated 30 times, and averaged AUC of 0.7945, 0.8385, and 0.7229 were achieved for SET pregnancy, DET pregnancy, and DET twin risk, respectively. The trend of predictive and observed rates both in pregnancy and twin risk was basically identical. XGBoost outperformed the other two algorithms: logistic regression and classification and regression tree. CONCLUSION: Artificial intelligence based on determinant-weighting analysis could offer an individualized embryo selection strategy for any given patient, and predict clinical pregnancy rate and twin risk, therefore optimizing clinical outcomes.

9.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812074

RESUMO

Cartilage regeneration is a complex physiological process. Synovial macrophages play a critical immunomodulatory role in the acute inflammatory response surrounding joint injury. Due to the contrasting differences and heterogeneity of macrophage, the phenotype of macrophages are the key determinants of the healing response after cartilage injury. Biomaterials derived from extracellular matrix have been used for the repair and reconstruction of a variety of tissues by modulating the host macrophage response. However, the immunomodulatory effect of decellularized cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) on macrophages has not been elucidated. It is necessary to clarify the immunomodulatory properties of decellularized cartilage matrix (DCM) to guide the design of cartilage regeneration materials. Here, we prepared porcine articular cartilage derived DCM and determined the response of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) to the pepsin-solubilized DCM (PDCM) in vitro. Macrophages activated by the PDCM could promote bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) invasion, migration, proliferation, and chondrogenic differentiation. Then, we verified that early optimization of the immunomodulatory effects of the cell-free DCM scaffold using IL-4 in vivo could achieve good cartilage regeneration in a rat knee osteochondral defect model. Therefore, this decellularized cartilage ECM scaffold combined with accurate and active immunomodulatory strategies provides a new approach for the development of cartilage regeneration materials. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: This work reports a decellularized cartilage extracellular matrix (DCM) scaffold combined with an accurate and active immunomodulatory strategy to improve cartilage regeneration. Our findings demonstrated that the pepsin-solubilized DCM (PDCM) activated bone marrow-derived macrophages to polarize to a constructive macrophage phenotype. These polarized macrophages promoted bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell invasion, migration, proliferation, and chondrogenic differentiation. DCM scaffolds combined with early-stage intra-articular injection of IL-4 created a wound-healing microenvironment and improved cartilage regeneration in a rat knee osteochondral defect model.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7598, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828191

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is highly metastatic, with a high frequency of relapse, and is the most fatal gynecologic malignancy in women worldwide. It is important to elevate the drug susceptibility and cytotoxicity of ovarian cancer cells, thereby eliminating resident cancer cells for more effective therapeutic efficacy. Here, we developed a bispecific antibody (BsAb; mPEG × HER2) that can easily provide HER2+ tumor tropism to mPEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and further increase the drug accumulation in cancer cells via receptor-mediated endocytosis, and improve the cytotoxicity and therapeutic efficacy of HER2+ ovarian tumors. The mPEG × HER2 can simultaneously bind to mPEG molecules on the surface of PLD and HER2 antigen on the surface of ovarian cancer cells. Simply mixing the mPEG × HER2 with PLD was able to confer HER2 specificity of PLD to HER2+ ovarian cancer cells and efficiently trigger endocytosis and enhance cytotoxicity by 5.4-fold as compared to non-targeted PLD. mPEG × HER2-modified PLD was able to significantly increase the targeting and accumulation of HER2+ ovarian tumor by 220% as compared with non-targeted PLD. It could also significantly improve the anti-tumor activity of PLD (P < 0.05) with minimal obvious toxicity in a tumor-bearing mouse model. We believe that the mPEG × HER2 can significantly improve the therapeutic efficacy, potentially reduce the relapse freqency and thereby achieve good prognosis in ovarian cancer patients.

11.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the clinical and pathologic characteristics and prognosis of overlapping obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) and immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) (ORG + IgAN), which is rare in the clinic. METHODS: We included 62 cases of ORG + IgAN, 110 cases of ORG without other glomerulopathy (ORG alone) and 124 cases of IgAN without other glomerulopathy (IgAN alone). The clinical, pathologic and prognostic data were collected and compared. RESULTS: ORG + IgAN patients showed a higher incidence of body mass index (BMI), higher incidence of hyperuricemia, higher incidence of hypertriglyceridemia and higher blood glucose than the IgAN alone(all P < 0.05). ORG + IgAN patients presented with higher incidence of microscopic hematuria, greater mesangial cell proliferation and a higher proportion of crescents than the ORG alone (all P < 0.05). The ORG + IgAN patients who received corticosteroid or immunosuppressive therapy achieved a higher cumulative rate of partial or complete remission (PR or CR, P = 0.009). However, there was no significant difference in the cumulative renal survival rate between the ORG + IgAN patients in the glucocorticoids/immunosuppressors and non-glucocorticoids/immunosuppressors groups (P = 0.356). Obesity-related focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (O-FSGS) and body mass index (BMI) were significantly associated with poor prognosis (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ORG + IgAN should be considered in obese patients who present with metabolic abnormalities and microscopic hematuria. Although corticosteroid or immunosuppressive therapy achieves higher cumulative incidence rates of PR or CR, there is no benefit to long-term prognosis but an increased risk of infection. Moreover, O-FSGS and BMI are significantly associated with poor prognosis.

12.
Sci Transl Med ; 13(586)2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762435

RESUMO

Most basal-like breast cancers (BLBCs) are triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs), which have the worst prognosis and distant metastasis-free survival among breast cancer subtypes. Now, no targeted therapies are available for patients with BLBC due to the lack of reliable and effective molecular targets. Here, we performed the BLBC tissue microarray-based immunohistochemical analysis and showed that Faciogenital Dysplasia 5 (FGD5) abundance is associated with poor prognosis in BLBCs. FGD5 deletion decreased the proliferation, invasion, and tumorsphere formation capacity of BLBC cells. Furthermore, genetic inhibition of Fgd5 in mouse mammary epithelial cells attenuated BLBC initiation and progression by reducing the self-renewal ability of tumor-initiating cells. In addition, FGD5 abundance was positively correlated with the abundance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in BLBCs. FGD5 ablation decreased EGFR abundance by reducing EGFR stability in TNBC cells in 2D and 3D culture conditions. Mechanistically, FGD5 binds to EGFR and interferes with basal EGFR ubiquitination and degradation induced by the E3 ligase ITCH. Impaired EGFR degradation caused BLBC cell proliferation and promoted invasive properties and self-renewal. To verify the role of the FGD5-EGFR interaction in the regulation of EGFR stability, we screened a cell-penetrating α-helical peptide PER3 binding with FGD5 to disrupt the interaction. Treatment of BLBC patient-derived xenograft-bearing mice with the peptide PER3 disrupting the FGD5-EGFR interaction either with or without chemotherapy reduced BLBC progression. Our study identified FGD5 as a positive modulator of tumor-initiating cells and suggests a potential therapeutic option for the BLBC subtype of breast cancer.

13.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(5)2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693953

RESUMO

Radioresistance is the predominant cause for radiotherapy failure and disease progression, resulting in increased breast cancer­associated mortality. Using gene expression signature analysis of the Library of Integrated Network­Based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), the aim of the present study was to systematically identify potential candidate radiosensitizers from known drugs. The similarity of integrated gene expression signatures between irradiated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 Î³ 1 (eIF4G1)­silenced breast cancer cells and known drugs was measured using enrichment scores (ES). Drugs with positive ES were selected as potential radiosensitizers. The radiosensitizing effects of the candidate drugs were analyzed in breast cancer cell lines (MCF­7, MX­1 and MDA­MB­231) using CCK­8 and colony formation assays following exposure to ionizing radiation. Cell apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry. The expression levels of eIF4G1 and DNA damage response (DDR) proteins were analyzed by western blotting. Bosutinib was identified as a promising radiosensitizer, as its administration markedly reduced the dosage required both for the drug and for ionizing radiation, which may be associated with fewer treatment­associated adverse reactions. Moreover, combined treatment of ionizing radiation and bosutinib significantly increased cell killing in all three cell lines, compared with ionizing radiation or bosutinib alone. Among the three cell lines, MX­1 cells were identified as the most sensitive to both ionizing radiation and bosutinib. Bosutinib markedly downregulated the expression of eIF4G1 in a dose­dependent manner and also reduced the expression of DDR proteins (including ATM, XRCC4, ATRIP, and GADD45A). Moreover, eIF4G1 was identified as a key target of bosutinib that may regulate DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation. Thus, bosutinib may serve as a potential candidate radiosensitizer for breast cancer therapy.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754478

RESUMO

Increasing evidence demonstrates that mechanical forces, in addition to soluble molecules, impact cell and tissue functions in physiology and diseases. How living cells integrate mechanical signals to perform appropriate biological functions is an area of intense investigation. Here, we review the evidence of the central role of cytoskeletal prestress in mechanotransduction and mechanobiology. Elevating cytoskeletal prestress increases cell stiffness and reinforces cell stiffening, facilitates long-range cytoplasmic mechanotransduction via integrins, enables direct chromatin stretching and rapid gene expression, spurs embryonic development and stem cell differentiation, and boosts immune cell activation and killing of tumor cells whereas lowering cytoskeletal prestress maintains embryonic stem cell pluripotency, promotes tumorigenesis and metastasis of stem cell-like malignant tumor-repopulating cells, and elevates drug delivery efficiency of soft-tumor-cell-derived microparticles. The overwhelming evidence suggests that the cytoskeletal prestress is the governing principle and the cellular hallmark in mechanobiology. The application of mechanobiology to medicine (mechanomedicine) is rapidly emerging and may help advance human health and improve diagnostics, treatment, and therapeutics of diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Am J Perinatol ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common chronic lung disease of preterm neonates; the underlying pathogenesis is not fully understood. Recent studies suggested microRNAs (miRNAs) may be involved in BPD. STUDY DESIGN: miRNA and mRNA microarrays were performed to analyze the expression profiles of miRNA and mRNA in BPD and control lung tissues after oxygen and air exposure on day 21. Bioinformatics methods, including Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), were performed to predict the potential functions of differentially expressed genes. Then, miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed by protein-protein interaction (PPI) data and TarBase data. RESULTS: Our results showed that a total of 192 differentially expressed miRNAs (74 downregulated and 118 upregulated) and 1,225 differentially expressed mRNAs (479 downregulated and 746 upregulated) were identified between BPD mice and normoxia-control mice. GO and KEGG analysis showed that for downregulated genes, the top significant enriched GO terms and KEGG pathways were both mainly related to immune and inflammation processes; for upregulated genes, the top significant enriched GO terms and KEGG pathways were both mainly related to extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. PPI network and miRNA-mRNA regulatory network construction revealed that the key genes and pathways associated with inflammation and immune regulation. CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed the integrated miRNA-mRNA data of distinct expression profiles in hyperoxia-induced BPD mice, and may provide some clues of the potential biomarkers for BPD, and provide novel insights into the development of new promising biomarkers for the treatment of BPD. KEY POINTS: · Integrated advanced bioinformatics methods may offer a better way to understand the molecular expression profiles involved in BPD.. · ECM remodeling, inflammation, and immune regulation may be essential to BPD.. · The miRNA-mRNA regulatory network construction may contribute to develop new biomarkers for the treatment of BPD..

16.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739094

RESUMO

In this Communication, we illustrate the influence of organic ligands on magnetic structure and behavior by employing a mixed-valence Lindqvist-type hexavanadate as a research platform. Through covalently attaching to different halogen-containing organic ligands, the derived hybrid materials have different magnetism compared to their parent structure. Single-crystal X-ray analyses show that the introduction of organic ligands can modify the crystal packing manners of the derivatives, leading to further changes of the interaction between magnetic units. This work demonstrates that organic functionalization can remarkably affect the magnetism of polyoxometalates by adjusting the distance and location of the magnetic fractions.

17.
ACS Chem Biol ; 16(4): 671-681, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734687

RESUMO

Recent advances in genome engineering have expanded our capabilities to study proteins in their natural states. In particular, the ease and scalability of knocking-in small peptide tags has enabled high throughput tagging and analysis of endogenous proteins. To improve enrichment capacities and expand the functionality of knock-ins using short tags, we developed the tag-assisted split enzyme complementation (TASEC) approach, which uses two orthogonal small peptide tags and their cognate binders to conditionally drive complementation of a split enzyme upon labeled protein expression. Using this approach, we have engineered and optimized the tag-assisted split HaloTag complementation system (TA-splitHalo) and demonstrated its versatile applications in improving the efficiency of knock-in cell enrichment, detection of protein-protein interaction, and isolation of biallelic gene edited cells through multiplexing.

18.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 415, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772211

RESUMO

Approaches to reliably predict the developmental potential of embryos and select suitable embryos for blastocyst culture are needed. The development of time-lapse monitoring (TLM) and artificial intelligence (AI) may help solve this problem. Here, we report deep learning models that can accurately predict blastocyst formation and usable blastocysts using TLM videos of the embryo's first three days. The DenseNet201 network, focal loss, long short-term memory (LSTM) network and gradient boosting classifier were mainly employed, and video preparation algorithms, spatial stream and temporal stream models were developed into ensemble prediction models called STEM and STEM+. STEM exhibited 78.2% accuracy and 0.82 AUC in predicting blastocyst formation, and STEM+ achieved 71.9% accuracy and 0.79 AUC in predicting usable blastocysts. We believe the models are beneficial for blastocyst formation prediction and embryo selection in clinical practice, and our modeling methods will provide valuable information for analyzing medical videos with continuous appearance variation.

19.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a new scoring system to assess spinal cord compression of ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the cervical spine. METHODS: Literature review and expert advice were used to determine variables of the novel CSFM scoring system. The CSFM score included 4 variables: curvature of spinal cord (C), increased signal intensity of spinal cord (S), cerebrospinal fluid imaging (F), and cross-section morphology of spinal cord (M). From June 2015 to June 2018, clinical and imaging data of 387 patients with cervical OPLL were retrospectively analyzed. The 4 variables were measured and recorded. Different scores were assigned based on analysis of the relationship between the variables and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score. Two spine surgeons scored the patients according to the CSFM score and analyzed the internal consistency and reliability of the CSFM score. RESULTS: The CSFM scoring system consisted of 4 variables, each of which was divided into 4 grades. Each variable was assigned a score of 0-3 according to different grades. The total possible score was 12, and the minimum score was 0. A higher score indicated more severe spinal cord compression. CONCLUSIONS: The CSFM scoring system can effectively reflect the degree of spinal cord compression for cervical OPLL.

20.
Cell Prolif ; : e13017, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: CD49f is expressed on a variety of stem cells and has certain effects on their cytological functions, such as proliferation and differentiation potential. However, whether CD49f is expressed on the surface of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) and its effect on ADSCs has not been clarified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of in vitro culture passage and inflammatory factor treatment on CD49f expression and the adhesion ability of ADSCs from mice and rats were investigated. CD49f+ cells were selected from rat ADSCs (rADSCs) by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS), and the cellular functions of CD49f+ ADSCs and unsorted ADSCs, including their clonogenic, proliferation, adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation, migration and anti-apoptotic capacities, were compared. RESULTS: CD49f expression and the adhesion ability of ADSCs decreased with increasing in vitro culture passage number. TNF-α and IFN-γ treatment decreased CD49f expression but increased the adhesion ability of ADSCs. After CD49f was blocked with an anti-CD49f antibody, the adhesion ability of ADSCs was decreased. No significant difference in clonogenic activity was observed between unsorted ADSCs and CD49f+ ADSCs. CD49f+ ADSCs had greater proliferation, adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation, migration and anti-apoptotic capacities than unsorted ADSCs. CONCLUSION: In the current study, the expression of CD49f on ADSCs was identified for the first time. The expression of CD49f on ADSCs was influenced by in vitro culture passage number and inflammatory factor treatment. Compared with unsorted ADSCs, CD49f + ADSCs exhibited superior cellular functions, thus may have great application value in mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies.

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