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1.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 400-404, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425006

RESUMO

Public health crises, such as the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) since Dec. 2019, are widely acknowledged as severe traumatic events that impose threats not only because of physical concerns but also because of the psychological distress of infected patients. We designed an internet-based integrated intervention and evaluated its efficacy on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Internet , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Telefone Celular , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Plena , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Angústia Psicológica , Terapia de Relaxamento
2.
ACS Nano ; 13(4): 4402-4409, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916538

RESUMO

Photodriven dipole reordering of the intercalated organic molecules in halide perovskites has been suggested to be a critical degree of freedom, potentially affecting physical properties, device performance, and stability of hybrid perovskite-based optoelectronic devices. However, thus far a direct atomically resolved dipole mapping under device operation condition, that is, illumination, is lacking. Here, we map simultaneously the molecule dipole orientation pattern and the electrostatic potential with atomic resolution using photoexcited cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. Our experimental observations demonstrate that a photodriven molecule dipole reordering, initiated by a photoexcited separation of electron-hole pairs in spatially displaced orbitals, leads to a fundamental reshaping of the potential landscape in halide perovskites, creating separate one-dimensional transport channels for holes and electrons. We anticipate that analogous light-induced polarization order transitions occur in bulk and are at the origin of the extraordinary efficiencies of organometal halide perovskite-based solar cells as well as could reconcile apparently contradictory materials' properties.

3.
ACS Nano ; 12(2): 1089-1095, 2018 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384356

RESUMO

We map electronic states, band gaps, and interface-bound charges at termination-engineered BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 interfaces using atomically resolved cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy. We identify a delicate interplay of different correlated physical effects and relate these to the ferroelectric and magnetic interface properties tuned by engineering the atomic layer stacking sequence at the interfaces. This study highlights the importance of a direct atomically resolved access to electronic interface states for understanding the intriguing interface properties in complex oxides.

4.
Adv Mater ; 28(41): 9142-9151, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27571277

RESUMO

A novel artificially created MnO2 monolayer system is demonstrated in atomically controlled epitaxial perovskite heterostructures. With careful design of different electrostatic boundary conditions, a magnetic transition as well as a metal-insulator transition of the MnO2 monolayer is unveiled, providing a fundamental understanding of dimensionality-confined strongly correlated electron systems and a direction to design new electronic devices.

5.
Nano Lett ; 16(7): 4490-500, 2016 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27351447

RESUMO

Dopants play a critical role in modulating the electric properties of semiconducting materials, ranging from bulk to nanoscale semiconductors, nanowires, and quantum dots. The application of traditional doping methods developed for bulk materials involves additional considerations for nanoscale semiconductors because of the influence of surfaces and stochastic fluctuations, which may become significant at the nanometer-scale level. Monolayer doping is an ex situ doping method that permits the post growth doping of nanowires. Herein, using atom-probe tomography (APT) with subnanometer spatial resolution and atomic-ppm detection limit, we study the distributions of boron and phosphorus in ex situ doped silicon nanowires with accurate control. A highly phosphorus doped outer region and a uniformly boron doped interior are observed, which are not predicted by criteria based on bulk silicon. These phenomena are explained by fast interfacial diffusion of phosphorus and enhanced bulk diffusion of boron, respectively. The APT results are compared with scanning tunneling spectroscopy data, which yields information concerning the electrically active dopants. Overall, comparing the information obtained by the two methods permits us to evaluate the diffusivities of each different dopant type at the nanowire oxide, interface, and core regions. The combined data sets permit us to evaluate the electrical activation and compensation of the dopants in different regions of the nanowires and understand the details that lead to the sharp p-i-n junctions formed across the nanowire for the ex situ doping process.

6.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 27(34): 343001, 2015 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26202580

RESUMO

Interfacial science has received much attention recently based on the development of state-of-the-art analytical tools that can create and manipulate the charge, spin, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom at interfaces. Motivated by the importance of nanoscale interfacial science that governs device operation, we present a technique to probe the electronic characteristics of heterointerfaces with atomic resolution. In this work, the interfacial characteristics of heteroepitaxial structures are investigated and the fundamental mechanisms that pertain in these systems are elucidated through cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy (XSTM). The XSTM technique is employed here to directly observe epitaxial interfacial structures and probe local electronic properties with atomic-level capability. Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy experiments with atomic precision provide insight into the origin and spatial distribution of electronic properties across heterointerfaces. The first part of this report provides a brief description of the cleavage technique and spectroscopy analysis in XSTM measurements. The second part addresses interfacial electronic structures of several model heterostructures in current condensed matter research using XSTM. Topics to be discussed include high-κ's/III-V's semiconductors, polymer heterojunctions, and complex oxide heterostructures, which are all material systems whose investigation using this technique is expected to benefit the research community. Finally, practical aspects and perspectives of using XSTM in interface science are presented.

7.
ACS Nano ; 8(8): 8357-62, 2014 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25030217

RESUMO

The bottom-up synthesis of nanoscale building blocks is a versatile approach for the formation of a vast array of materials with controlled structures and compositions. This approach is one of the main driving forces for the immense progress in materials science and nanotechnology witnessed over the past few decades. Despite the overwhelming advances in the bottom-up synthesis of nanoscale building blocks and the fine control of accessible compositions and structures, certain aspects are still lacking. In particular, the transformation of symmetric nanostructures to asymmetric nanostructures by highly controlled processes while preserving the modified structural orientation still poses a significant challenge. We present a one-step ex situ doping process for the transformation of undoped silicon nanowires (i-Si NWs) to p-type/n-type (p-n) parallel p-n junction configuration across NWs. The vertical p-n junctions were measured by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in concert with scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS), termed STM/S, to obtain the spatial electronic properties of the junction formed across the NWs. Additionally, the parallel p-n junction configuration was characterized by off-axis electron holography in a transmission electron microscope to provide an independent verification of junction formation. The doping process was simulated to elucidate the doping mechanisms involved in the one-step p-i-n junction formation.

8.
Adv Mater ; 25(24): 3357-64, 2013 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23666885

RESUMO

Modulation of band bending at a complex oxide heterointerface by a ferroelectric layer is demonstrated. The as-grown polarization (Pup ) leads to charge depletion and consequently low conduction. Switching the polarization direction (Pdown ) results in charge accumulation and enhances the conduction at the interface. The metal-insulator transition at a conducting polar/nonpolar oxide heterointerface can be controlled by ferroelectric doping.

9.
Nano Lett ; 13(6): 2387-92, 2013 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23621647

RESUMO

Using cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscope (XSTM) with samples cleaved in situ in an ultrahigh vacuum chamber, this study demonstrates the direct visualization of high-resolution interfacial band mapping images across the film thickness in an optimized bulk heterojunction polymer solar cell consisting of nanoscale phase segregated blends of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). We were able to achieve the direct observation of the interfacial band alignments at the donor (P3HT)-acceptor (PCBM) interfaces and at the interfaces between the photoactive P3HT:PCBM blends and the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) anode modification layer with an atomic-scale spatial resolution. The unique advantage of using XSTM to characterize polymer/fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells allows us to explore simultaneously the quantitative link between the vertical morphologies and their corresponding local electronic properties. This provides an atomic insight of interfacial band alignments between the two opposite electrodes, which will be crucial for improving the efficiencies of the charge generation, transport, and collection and the corresponding device performance of polymer solar cells.

10.
Adv Mater ; 24(33): 4564-8, 2012 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22791405

RESUMO

In strongly correlated oxides, heterointerfaces, manipulating the interaction, frustration, and discontinuity of lattice, charge, orbital, and spin degrees of freedom, generate new possibilities for next generation devices. In this study, existing oxide heterostructures are examined and local conduction at the BiFeO(3)-CoFe(2)O(4) vertical interface is found. In such hetero-nanostructures the interface cannot only be the medium for the coupling between phases, but also a new state of the matter. This study demonstrates a novel concept on for oxide interface design and opens an alternative pathway for the exploration of diverse functionalities in complex oxide interfaces.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Cobalto/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Compostos Férricos/química , Óxidos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 109(24): 246807, 2012 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23368366

RESUMO

In this study, direct observation of the evolution of electronic structures across complex oxide interfaces has been revealed in the LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) model system using cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. The conduction and valence band structures across the LaAlO(3)/SrTiO(3) interface are spatially resolved at the atomic level by measuring the local density of states. This study directly maps out the electronic reconstructions and a built-in electric field in the polar LaAlO(3) layer. Results also clearly reveal the band bending and the notched band structure in the SrTiO(3) adjacent to the interface.

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