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1.
Surgery ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Artificial neural network models have a strong self-learning ability and can deal with complex biological information, but there is no artificial neural network model for predicting the benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of patients who underwent radical resection of gastric cancer from January 2010 to September 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients who underwent surgery combined with adjuvant chemotherapy were randomly divided into a training cohort (70%) and a validation cohort (30%). An artificial neural network model (potential-CT-benefit-ANN) was established, and its ability to predict the potential benefit of chemotherapy was evaluated by the C-index. The prognostic prediction and stratification ability of potential-CT-benefit-ANN and the eighth American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system were compared by receiver operating characteristic curves and Kaplan-Meier curves. RESULTS: In both the training and validation cohort, potential-CT-benefit-ANN shows good prediction accuracy for potential adjuvant chemotherapy benefit. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the prediction accuracy of potential-CT-benefit-ANN was better than that of the eighth American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system in all groups. The calibration plots showed that the predicted prognosis of potential-CT-benefit-ANN was highly consistent with the actual value. The survival curves showed that potential-CT-benefit-ANN could stratify prognosis well for all groups and performed significantly better than the eighth AJCC staging system. CONCLUSION: The potential-CT-benefit-ANN model developed in this study can accurately predict the potential benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage II/III gastric cancer. The benefit score based on potential-CT-benefit-ANN can predict the long-term prognosis of patients with adjuvant chemotherapy and has good prognostic stratification ability.

2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(10): e2128217, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609494

RESUMO

Importance: Few studies have examined the clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of patients with hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the stomach (HAS). Objective: To explore the clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of patients with HAS and develop a nomogram to predict overall survival (OS). Design, Setting, and Participants: This prognostic study involved a retrospective analysis of data from 315 patients who received a diagnosis of primary HAS between April 1, 2004, and December 31, 2019, at 14 centers in China. Main Outcomes and Measures: OS and prognostic factors. Patients were randomly assigned to a derivation cohort (n = 220) and a validation cohort (n = 95). A nomogram was developed based on independent prognostic factors identified through a multivariable Cox mixed-effects model. Results: Among 315 patients with HAS (mean [SD] age, 61.9 [10.2] years; 240 men [76.2%]), 137 patients had simple HAS (defined as the presence of histologically contained hepatoid differentiation areas only), and 178 patients had mixed HAS (defined as the presence of hepatoid differentiation areas plus common adenocarcinoma areas). Patients with simple HAS had a higher median preoperative α-fetoprotein level than those with mixed HAS (195.9 ng/mL vs 48.9 ng/mL, respectively; P < .001) and a higher rate of preoperative liver metastasis (23 of 137 patients [16.8%] vs 11 of 178 patients [6.2%]; P = .003). The 3-year OS rates of patients with simple vs mixed HAS were comparable (56.0% vs 60.0%; log-rank P = .98). A multivariable Cox analysis of the derivation cohort found that the presence of perineural invasion (hazard ratio [HR], 2.13; 95% CI, 1.27-3.55; P = .009), preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen levels of 5 ng/mL or greater (HR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.08-2.74; P = .03), and pathological node category 3b (HR, 3.72; 95% CI, 1.34-10.32; P = .01) were independent risk factors for worse OS. Based on these factors, a nomogram to predict postoperative OS was developed. The concordance indices of the nomogram (derivation cohort: 0.72 [95% CI, 0.66-0.78]; validation cohort: 0.72 [95% CI, 0.63-0.81]; whole cohort: 0.71 [95% CI, 0.66-0.76]) were higher than those derived using the American Joint Committee on Cancer's AJCC Cancer Staging Manual (8th edition) pathological tumor-node-metastasis (pTNM) staging system (derivation cohort: 0.63 [95% CI, 0.57-0.69]; validation cohort: 0.65 [95% CI, 0.56-0.75]; whole cohort: 0.64 [95% CI, 0.59-0.69]) and those derived using a clinical model that included pTNM stage and receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy (derivation cohort: 0.64 [95% CI, 0.58-0.69]; validation cohort: 0.65 [95% CI, 0.56-0.75]; whole cohort: 0.64 [95% CI, 0.59-0.69]). Based on the nomogram cutoff of 10 points, the whole cohort was divided into high-risk and low-risk groups. The 3-year OS rate of patients in the high-risk group was significantly lower than that of patients in the low-risk group (29.7% vs 75.9%, respectively; log-rank P < .001), and the 3-year prognosis of high-risk and low-risk groups could be further distinguished into pTNM stage I to II (33.3% vs 80.2%; exact log-rank P = .15), stage III (34.3% vs 71.3%; log-rank P < .001), and stage IV (15.5% vs 70.3%; log-rank P = .009). Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that perineural invasion, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen levels of 5 ng/mL or greater, and pathological node category 3b were independent risk factors associated with worse OS. An individualized nomogram was developed to predict OS among patients with HAS. This nomogram had good prognostic value and may be useful as a supplement to the current American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system.

3.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 363, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy is still controversial for stage II gastric cancer patients. This study aims to identify prognostic factors to guide individualized treatment for stage II gastric cancer patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1121 stage II gastric cancer patients who underwent D2 radical gastrectomy from 2007 to 2017 in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, FuJian Medical School Affiliated Union Hospital and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Propensity score matching was used to ensure that the baseline data were balanced between the adjuvant chemotherapy group and surgery-only group. Kaplan-Meier survival and multivariate Cox regression analyses were carried out to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, after propensity score matching, age, tumor location, tumor size, CEA, T stage and N stage were associated with overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis illustrated that age ≥ 60 years old, linitis plastica and T4 were independent risk factors for OS, but lower location and adjuvant chemotherapy were protective factors. CONCLUSION: Stage II gastric cancer patients with adverse prognostic factors (age ≥ 60, linitis plastica and T4) have poor prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy may be more beneficial for these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , China , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 276, 2021 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Application of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging is effective in guiding laparoscopic radical lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer. However, the optimal approach for indocyanine green injection is controversial. Therefore, the objective of this study was aimed to compare the efficacy and ICG injection between the preoperative submucosal and intraoperative subserosal approaches for lymph node (LN) tracing during laparoscopic gastrectomy. METHOD: This randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04219332) included 266 patients with potentially resectable gastric cancer (cT1-T4a, N0/+, M0) enrolled from a tertiary teaching center between December 2019 and October 2020. The primary endpoint was total number of retrieved LNs. RESULTS: In total, 259 patients (n = 130 and n = 129 in the submucosal and subserosal groups, respectively) were included in the per-protocol analysis. There are no significant differences in total number of retrieved LNs between the two groups (49.8 vs. 49.2, P = 0.713). The rate of LN noncompliance in the submucosal group was comparable to that in the subserosal group (32.3% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.860). No significant difference was found between the submucosal and subserosal groups in terms of the incidence (17.7% vs. 16.3%; P = 0.762) or severity of postoperative complications. The mean fluorescence cost in the submucosal group was higher than that in the subserosal group ($335.3 vs. $182.4; P < 0.001). The overall treatment satisfaction score was lower in the submucosal group than in the subserosal group (70.5 vs. 76.1%, P = 0.048). CONCLUSION: ICG administered by subserosal injection was comparable to that administered by submucosal injection for lymph node tracing in gastric cancer. However, the former approach imposed a lower economic and mental burden on patients undergoing laparoscopic D2 lymphadenectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04219332 .


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 712432, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513692

RESUMO

Background: The efficacy and benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) for patients with gastric cancer pT3N0M0 remain controversial. Methods: We prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed 235 patients with pT3N0M0 gastric cancer who underwent radical resection between February 2010 and January 2016. Patients were divided into two groups: the surgery-alone (SA) group (n = 82) and the AC group (n = 153). We analyzed the effects of AC on the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), and the relationship between the number of chemotherapy cycles (CC) and recurrence rate (RR). Results: The 5-year OS and RFS of the participants were 80.9% and 87.7%, respectively, and those in the AC group were significantly higher than those in the SA group (86.9% vs. 69.5%, p = 0.003). The RFS of the AC and SA groups were 88.9% and 85.4%, respectively; the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.35). The independent risk factors affecting the OS were perineural invasion-positive (PNI+) (HR = 2.64, 95%CI: 1.45-4.82, p = 0.003) and age ≥ 65 years (HR = 2.58, 95%CI: 1.39-4.8, p = 0.003). The independent risk factor affecting the RFS was also PNI+ (HR3.11; 95%CI: 1.48-6.54, p = 0.003). Stratified analysis revealed that postoperative AC can significantly improve the OS of PNI+ patients (AC group versus SA group: 84.1% vs. 45.5%, p = 0.001) and RFS (86.4% vs. 63.6%, p = 0.017). However, perineural invasion negative (PNI-) patients did not show the same results (p = 0.13 and p = 0.48, respectively). According to the number of CC, divided into CC < 3 groups and CC ≥ 3 groups, the cumulative RR in the CC ≥ 3 group of patients with PNI+ was significantly lower than that of the CC < 3 group (7.4% vs. 28.2%, p = 0.037). Conclusion: For pT3N0M0 gastric cancer patients with PNI+, at least three cycles of postoperative AC can significantly reduce the overall RR. This finding should be verified by using large external sample data.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(18)2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34572753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic approach in gastric cancer surgery is being increasingly adopted worldwide. However, studies focusing specifically on laparoscopic gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy are still lacking in the literature. This retrospective study aimed to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic versus open gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: The protocol-based, international IMIGASTRIC (International study group on Minimally Invasive surgery for Gastric Cancer) registry was queried to retrieve data on patients undergoing laparoscopic or open gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer with curative intent from January 2000 to December 2014. Eleven predefined, demographical, clinical, and pathological variables were used to conduct a 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) analysis to investigate intraoperative and recovery outcomes, complications, pathological findings, and survival data between the two groups. Predictive factors of long-term survival were also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 3033 patients from 14 participating institutions were selected from the IMIGASTRIC database. After 1:1 PSM, a total of 1248 patients, 624 in the laparoscopic group and 624 in the open group, were matched and included in the final analysis. The total operative time (median 180 versus 240 min, p < 0.0001) and the length of the postoperative hospital stay (median 10 versus 14.8 days, p < 0.0001) were longer in the open group than in the laparoscopic group. The conversion to open rate was 1.9%. The proportion of patients with in-hospital complications was higher in the open group (21.3% versus 15.1%, p = 0.004). The median number of harvested lymph nodes was higher in the laparoscopic approach (median 32 versus 28, p < 0.0001), and the proportion of positive resection margins was higher (p = 0.021) in the open group (5.9%) than in the laparoscopic group (3.2%). There was no significant difference between the groups in five-year overall survival rates (77.4% laparoscopic versus 75.2% open, p = 0.229). CONCLUSION: The adoption of the laparoscopic approach for gastric resection with D2 lymphadenectomy shortened the length of hospital stay and reduced postoperative complications with respect to the open approach. The five-year overall survival rate after laparoscopy was comparable to that for patients who underwent open D2 resection. The types of surgical approaches are not independent predictive factors for five-year overall survival.

7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2124760, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533573

RESUMO

Importance: The results of numerous large randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have changed clinical practice in gastric cancer (GC). However, research waste (ie, unpublished data, inadequate reporting, or avoidable design limitations) is still a major challenge for evidence-based medicine. Objectives: To determine the characteristics of GC RCTs in the past 20 years and the presence of research waste and to explore potential targets for improvement. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study of GC RCTs, ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for phase 3 or 4 RCTs registered from January 2000 to December 2019 using the keyword gastric cancer. Independent investigators undertook assessments and resolved discrepancies via consensus. Data were analyzed from August through December 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were descriptions of the characteristics of GC RCTs and the proportion of studies with signs of research waste. Research waste was defined as unpublished data, inadequate reporting, or avoidable design limitations. Publication status was determined by searching PubMed and Scopus databases. The adequacy of reporting was evaluated using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) reporting guideline checklist. Avoidable design limitations were determined based on existing bias or lack of cited systematic literature reviews. In the analyses of research waste, 125 RCTs that ended after June 2016 without publication were excluded. Results: A total of 262 GC RCTs were included. The number of RCTs increased from 25 trials in 2000 to 2004 to 97 trials in 2015 to 2019, with a greater increase among RCTs of targeted therapy or immunotherapy, which increased from 0 trials in 2000 to 2004 to 36 trials in 2015 to 2019. The proportion of RCTs that were multicenter was higher in non-Asian regions than in Asian regions (50 of 71 RCTs [70.4%] vs 96 of 191 RCTs [50.3%]; P = .004). The analysis of research waste included 137 RCTs, of which 81 (59.1%) were published. Among published RCTs, 65 (80.2%) were judged to be adequately reported and 63 (77.8%) had avoidable design defects. Additionally, 119 RCTs (86.9%) had 1 or more features of research waste. Study settings that included blinding (odds ratio [OR], 0.56; 95% CI, 0.33-0.93; P = .03), a greater number of participants (ie, ≥200 participants; OR, 0.07; 95% CI, 0.01-0.51; P = .01), and external funding support (OR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.08-0.60; P = .004) were associated with lower odds of research waste. Additionally, 35 RCTs (49.3%) were referenced in guidelines, and 18 RCTs (22.2%) had their prospective data reused. Conclusions and Relevance: To our knowledge, this study is the first to describe the characteristics of GC RCTs in the past 20 years, and it found a research waste burden, which may provide evidence for the development of rational RCTs and reduction of waste in the future.

8.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534693

RESUMO

Chemoresistance is the major cause of gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) treatment failure. The mechanisms underlying chemoresistance remain incompletely understood. Here, we sought to identify genes differentially expressed between chemoresistant and chemosensitive GA and to validate the function of the top hit. High-throughput RNA sequencing was performed to detect chemoresistance-related genes. The function of the only gene overexpressed in both chemoresistant tumors and tumor tissue relative to normal gastric epithelia, forkhead box C1 (FOXC1), was examined in GA cells, mouse xenograft models, and patient-derived organoid (PDO) systems, focusing on cancer stem-like cell (CSC) phenotypes, metastasis, and chemoresistance. FOXC1 was expressed at significantly higher levels in GA patient tumors that were resistant to chemotherapy, and high FOXC1 tumor expression was significantly correlated with poor survival among patients undergoing resection (p = 0.011). FOXC1 activity was significantly higher in spheroid-forming or CD44+ GA CSCs than in unselected cells. Inhibition of FOXC1 decreased the expression of CD44 and Sox2, decreased spheroid size by 78%-82%, and decreased spheroid number (>100 µm) by 75%-86%. GA CSC chemotherapy resistance was reversed with FOXC1 inhibition in vitro and in vivo and in PDOs. Mechanistic studies indicated that FOXC1 acts via the hedgehog and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathways. Our results imply that FOXC1 mediates the CSC phenotypes, metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance of GA through hedgehog and EMT signaling. FOXC1 inhibitors may thus represent a novel strategy to overcome chemoresistance.

9.
Int J Surg ; 94: 106120, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging in tracing metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) has rarely been reported. We aimed to evaluate the clinical implications of fluorescence imaging-guided lymphadenectomy and the sensitivity of fluorescent lymphography to detect metastatic LN stations in gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analysis pooled data from two randomized controlled trials (FUGES-012 and FUGES-019 studies) on laparoscopic ICG tracer-guided lymphadenectomy for GC between November 2018 and October 2020. Patients who received ICG injection using either the intraoperative subserosal or preoperative submucosal approaches 1 day before surgery and underwent fluorescence imaging-guided lymphadenectomy were defined as the ICG group. Patients who underwent conventional lymphadenectomy without ICG injection and intraoperative imaging were defined as the non-ICG group. RESULTS: Among 514 enrolled patients, the ICG and non-ICG groups included 385 and 129, respectively. A significantly higher mean number of LNs was retrieved in the ICG group than in the non-ICG group (49.9 vs. 42.0, P < 0.001). The ICG group showed a lower LN noncompliance rate than that in the non-ICG group (31.9% vs. 57.4%, P < 0.001). The sensitivity of fluorescence imaging for detecting all metastatic LN stations was 86.8%. The negative predictive value was 92.2% for nonfluorescent stations. For detecting all metastatic stations, subgroup analysis revealed 97.7%, 91.7%, 86.2%, and 84.3% sensitivities for pT1, pT2, pT3, and pT4a tumors, respectively. Regardless of gastrectomy type, the diagnostic accuracy for detecting all metastatic stations in the D1+ and D2 stations for cT1-cT2 disease reached 100%. CONCLUSION: ICG fluorescence imaging, using either the subserosal or submucosal approaches, assisted in the thorough dissection of potentially metastatic LNs, as recommended for individualized laparoscopic lymphadenectomy for GC.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Imagem Óptica , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 587856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386413

RESUMO

Objective: To validate the prognostic value of tumor regression grading (TRG) and to explore the associated factors of TRG for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) plus surgery. Methods: Two hundred forty-nine AGC patients treated with NACT followed by gastrectomy at the Mayo Clinic, USA and the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, China between January 2000 and December 2016 were enrolled in this study. Cox regression was used to identify covariates associated with overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Logistic regression was used to reveal factors predicting tumor regression grading. Results: For patients with TRG 0-1, the 3- and 5-year OS rates were 85.2% and 74.5%, respectively, when compared to 56.1% and 44.1% in patients with TRG 2 and 28.2% and 23.0% in patients with TRG 3, respectively (p<0.001). TRGs were independent risk factors for OS. Similar findings were observed in RFS. Multivariable analysis revealed that an oxaliplatin-based regimen (p=0.017) was an independent predictor of TRG. The oxaliplatin-based regimen was superior to the nonoxaliplatin-based regimen for OS (38.4 months vs 19.5 months, respectively; p=0.01). Subgroup analyses by histological subtype indicated that the oxaliplatin-based regimen improved the OS in nonsignet ring cell carcinoma compared to the nonoxaliplatin-based regimen (53.7 months vs 19.5 months, respectively; p=0.011). However, similar findings were not observed in RFS. Conclusion: TRG was an independent factor of AGC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus surgery. Oxaliplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens improve tumor response and may have an overall survival benefit for patients with nonsignet ring cell carcinoma.

11.
Gastric Cancer ; 24(6): 1355-1364, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the safety, effectiveness, and feasibility of indocyanine green (ICG) tracing in guiding lymph-node (LN) dissection during laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed data on 313 patients with clinical stage of cT1-4N0-3M0 who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy after NAC between February 2010 and October 2020 from two hospitals in China. Grouped according to whether ICG was injected. For the ICG group (n = 102) and non-ICG group (n = 211), 1:1 propensity matching analysis was used. RESULTS: After matching, there was no significant difference in the general clinical pathological data between the two groups (ICG vs. non-ICG: 94 vs. 94). The average number of total LN dissections was significantly higher in the ICG group and lower LN non-compliance rate than in the non-ICG group. Subgroup analysis showed that among patients with LN and tumor did not shrink after NAC, the number of LN dissections was significantly more and LN non-compliance rate was lower in the ICG group than in the non-ICG group. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly lesser in the ICG group than in the non-ICG group, while the recovery and complications of the two groups were similar. CONCLUSION: For patients with poor NAC outcomes, ICG tracing can increase the number of LN dissections during laparoscopic radical gastrectomy, reduce the rate of LN non-compliance, and reduce intraoperative bleeding. Patients with AGC should routinely undergo ICG-guided laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

12.
Clin Nutr ; 40(8): 4980-4987, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body composition profiles influence the prognosis of several types of cancer; however, the role of body composition in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) after neoadjuvant treatment (NT) has not been well characterized. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 213 patients with LAGC who underwent gastrectomy after NT at a high-volume institution from southern China were comprehensively evaluated for primary analysis. Additionally, 170 and 77 patients from Western China and Italy, respectively, were reviewed for external validation. The skeletal muscle index (SMI), skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD), and the subcutaneous as well as the visceral adiposity index were assessed from clinically acquired CT scans at diagnosis and preoperatively. RESULTS: Overall, none of the body composition parameters significantly changed after NT. The pre-NT skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD) and change in SMI (ΔSMI) were both significantly lower in the patients with poor response (tumor regression <50%; mean SMD: 43.5 vs 46.5, P = 0.003; mean ΔSMI: -1.0 vs 2.2, P < 0.001), and the cutoff values were calculated according to the Youden index as 43.7 and 1.2, respectively. Based on these 2 parameters, a novel model, the Skeletal Muscle Score (SMS), was proposed to predict the pathological response (AUC = 0.764 alone and = 0.822 in combination with the radiological response). Moreover, patients with an SMI loss >1.2 had a significantly prolonged drainage tube removal time (mean: 10.0 vs 8.2, P = 0.003) and postoperative hospital stay (mean: 11.1 vs 9.8, P = 0.048), as well as a significantly higher rate of postoperative complications (30.9% vs 16.7%, P = 0.015). In the multivariate analysis, SMI loss >1.2 independently predicted poor overall survival (HR: 1.677, 95% CI 1.040-2.704, P = 0.034) and recurrence-free survival (HR: 1.924, 95% CI 1.165-3.175, P = 0.011). ΔSMI was also significantly associated with pathological response, surgical outcomes, and survival in the 2 external cohorts (P all < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For LAGC, the pre-NT SMD and ΔSMI could accurately predict the pathological response after NT. An SMI loss >1.2 is closely associated with poorer outcomes and may indicate the need more supportive treatment.

13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(7): e2116240, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241629

RESUMO

Importance: Apatinib is a novel treatment option for chemotherapy-refractory advanced gastric cancer (GC), but it has not been evaluated in patients with locally advanced GC. Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of apatinib combined with S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) as a neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced GC. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, prospective, single-group, open-label, phase 2 nonrandomized controlled trial was conducted in 10 centers in southern China. Patients with M0 and either clinical T2 to T4 or N+ disease were enrolled between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2019. Statistical analysis was performed from December 1, 2019, to January 31, 2020. Interventions: Eligible patients received apatinib (500 mg orally once daily on days 1 to 21 and discontinued in the last cycle) plus SOX (S-1: 40-60 mg orally twice daily on days 1 to 14; oxaliplatin: 130 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1) every 3 weeks for 2 to 5 cycles. A D2 gastrectomy was performed 2 to 4 weeks after the last cycle. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was R0 resection rate. Secondary end points were the response rate, toxic effects, and surgical outcome. Results: A total of 48 patients (mean [SD] age, 63.2 [8.2] years; 37 men [77.1%]) were enrolled in this study. Forty patients underwent surgery (38 had gastrectomy, and 2 had exploratory laparotomy), with an R0 resection rate of 75.0% (95% CI, 60.4%-86.4%). The radiologic response rate was 75.0%, and T downstaging was observed in 16 of 44 patients (36.4%). The pathological response rate was 54.2% (95% CI, 39.2%-68.6%); moreover, this rate was significantly higher in patients who achieved a radiologic response compared with those who did not (12 [80.0%] vs 1 [20.0%]; P = .03) and in those who had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status score of 0 (20 [76.9%] vs 10 [45.5%]; P = .03) or had tumors located in the upper one-third of the stomach (16 [61.5%] vs 7 [31.8%]; P = .04). Patients who achieved a pathological response (vs those who did not) had significantly less blood loss (median [range]: 60 [10-200] mL vs 80 [20-300] mL; P = .04) and significantly more lymph nodes harvested (median [range]: 40 [24-67] vs 32 [19-51]; P = .04) during surgery. Postoperative complications were observed in 7 of 38 patients (18.4%). Grade 3 toxic effects occurred in 16 of 48 patients (33.3%), and no grade 4 toxic effects or preoperative deaths were observed. Conclusions and Relevance: This nonrandomized controlled trial found that apatinib combined with SOX was effective and had an acceptable safety profile as a neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced GC. A large-scale randomized clinical trial may be needed to confirm the findings. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03192735.

14.
Surg Oncol ; 37: 101583, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the incidence and prognosis of intra-abdominal infectious complications (IaICs) after laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) and open radical gastrectomy (OG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: The data of patients who underwent radical gastrectomy (LAG and OG) for gastric cancer at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2000 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. A 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce bias. The incidence and prognosis of postoperative IaICs in the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: After PSM, no significant difference was found in the baseline data between OG (n = 913) and LAG (n = 913). The incidence of IaICs after OG and LAG was 4.1% and 5.1%, respectively (p = 0.264). The Cox multivariate analysis showed that IaICs were an independent risk factor for overall survival (OS) of patients undergoing gastrectomy (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.65, p < 0.001). Further, LAG was an independent protective factor for OS among the patients with IaICs (HR: 0.54, p = 0.036), while tumor diameter of ≥50 mm (p = 0.01) and pathological TNM stage III (p < 0.001) were independent risk factors. The 5-year OS rate was higher in the patients with IaICs who underwent LAG than in those who underwent OG (51.1% vs. 32.4%, p = 0.042). The prognostic nutritional index was similar in both groups before surgery (p = 0.220) but lower on the first, third, and fifth days after OG than after LAG (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to OG, LAG can improve the prognosis of patients with postoperative IaICs and is therefore recommended for patients at a high risk for IaICs.

15.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oncologic efficacy of laparoscopic versus open surgery for advanced distal gastric cancer (ADGC) beyond 3 years after surgery remain obscure. METHODS: A total of 1256 patients with ADGC at two teaching institutions in China from April 2007 to December 2014 were enrolled. The general data of the two groups were identified to enable rigorous estimation of propensity scores. Restricted mean survival time (RMST) and Landmark analysis was used to compare survival. RESULTS: After matching 461 patients each in the open distal gastrectomy (ODG) and laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) groups, they were included into analysis. The 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival were comparable in two groups. RMST-stratified analysis showed that the 3-year RMST of ODG group was similar to that of LDG group in patients with cT4a (- 1.38 years, p = 0.163) or with cT4a and tumor size > 5 cm, whereas the 5-year RMST had significant differences between groups in cT4a patients(- 8.36 years, P = 0.005) or cT4a and tumor size > 5 cm patients(4.67 years, P = 0.042). In patients with cT4a and tumors > 5 cm, the number of peritoneal recurrences was significantly fewer in the ODG group than in the LDG group (4 vs. 17, P = 0.033), and the peritoneal recurrence time and multiple-site recurrence time were both later in the ODG group. CONCLUSION: By reducing recurrence, ODG achieves a better survival for GC patients with serous infiltration and tumors larger than 5 cm beyond 3 years after surgery. The present findings can serve as a reference for surgical options and the setting of follow-up time point for clinical studies.

16.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains inconclusive whether laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) has better long-term outcomes when compared with open gastrectomy (OG) for elderly gastric cancer (EGC). We attempted to explore the influence of the immune prognostic index (IPI) on the prognosis of EGCs treated by LG or OG to identify a population among EGC who may benefit from LG. METHODS: We included 1539 EGCs treated with radical gastrectomy from January 2007 to December 2016. Propensity score matching was applied at a ratio of 1:1 to compare the LG and OG groups. The IPI based on dNLR ≥ cut-off value (dNLR) and sLDH ≥ cut-off value (sLDH) was developed, characterizing two groups (IPI = 0, good, 0 factors; IPI = 1, poor, 1 or 2 factors). RESULTS: Of the 528 EGCs (LG: 264 and OG: 264), 271 were in the IPI = 0 group, and 257 were in the IPI = 1 group. In the entire cohort, the IPI = 0 group was associated with good 5-year overall survival (OS) (p = 0.001) and progression-free survival (PFS) (p = 0.003) compared to the IPI = 1 group; no significant differences in 5-year OS and PFS between the LG and OG groups were observed. In the IPI = 1 cohort, there was no significant difference in OS or PFS between the LG and OG groups across all tumor stages. However, in the IPI = 0 cohort, LG was associated with longer OS (p = 0.015) and PFS (p = 0.018) than OG in stage II EGC, but not in stage I or III EGC. Multivariate analysis showed that IPI = 0 was an independent protective factor for stage II EGC receiving LG, but not for those receiving OG. CONCLUSION: The IPI is related to the long-term prognosis of EGC. Compared with OG, LG may improve the 5-year survival rate of stage II EGC with a good IPI score. This hypothesis needs to be further confirmed by prospective studies.

17.
Front Oncol ; 11: 593470, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33996537

RESUMO

Background: According to the 8th edition AJCC staging manual, a least of 16 lymph nodes retrieval (LNRs) is the minimal requirement for lymph nodes (LNs) dissection of gastric cancer surgery. Previous studies have shown that increasing the number of LNRs (≥30) prolongs survival for selected patients. However, the necessity of retrieving 30 or more LN for stage II gastric cancer patients is still under debate. Aim: This study aims to explore the impact of retrieving 30 or more lymph nodes on the survival of stage II cancer patients. Methods: A total of 1,177 patients diagnosed with stage II gastric cancer were enrolled in this study. The clinicopathological parameters and the impact of different LNRs (<30 or ≥30) and positive lymph node ratio (NR) on overall survival (OS) were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The mean number of LNRs was 34 ± 15. A total of 44% (518/1,177) of patients had an LNRs <30, while 56% (659/1,177) of patients had an LNRs ≥30. The 5-year survival rate was 81% for all patients, 76% for the LNRs <30 group, and 86% for LNRs ≥30 group, respectively (P = 0.003). The survival benefit of retrieving 30 lymph nodes was significant in certain subgroups: age >60 years/male/underwent total gastrectomy/stage IIB. For N+ patients, higher NR was significantly correlated with poor survival. Conclusion: The survival benefit of retrieving 30 LNs varies in different subgroups. An LNRs of 30 is mandatory for selected stage II gastric cancer patients.

18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(12): 7063-7073, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The systemic inflammatory response caused by host-tumor interactions is currently recognized as a hallmark feature of cancer. No study has confirmed which systemic inflammatory factors can accurately predict the progression and long-term prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Through the analysis of receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), in the discovery cohort, a variety of indicators composed of usual inflammatory factors were compared. Fibrinogen-albumin ratio (FAR), which can accurately predict the long-term survival of GC patients was selected and was further verified in the test cohort and the external validation cohort. RESULTS: The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) value of FAR on the overall survival (OS) of GC patients was higher than that of other combined markers (P < 0.01). Patients in the high FAR group showed more advanced pathological stages, larger tumor diameters, and more poorly differentiated pathological type than those in the low FAR group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis elucidated that, FAR was an independent risk factor for LN metastasis and tumor invasion of GC. High FAR was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis of GC patients. The relationship between FAR and pathological stage of GC and long-term prognosis of patients was verified in the test cohort and the external validation cohort with the same FAR cutoff value. The results are consistent with those of the discovery cohort. CONCLUSIONS: As a new developed inflammation-related marker, FAR can independently and effectively predict the tumor burden and long-term prognosis of patients with advanced GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Albuminas , Biomarcadores , Fibrinogênio , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
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