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1.
Environ Mol Mutagen ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227502

RESUMO

Recently, halobenzoquinones (HBQs) disinfection byproducts including 2, 6-dichloro-1, 4-benzoquinone (DCBQ), 2, 6-dichloro-3-methyl-1, 4-benzoquinone (DCMBQ), 2, 3, 6-trichloro-1, 4-benzoquinone (TCBQ) and 2,6-dibromobenzoquinone (DBBQ), have been of increasing concern due to their reported ability to induce oxidative damage, and thus genotoxicity. However, data on the risk of genotoxicity due to chromosomal damage by HBQs is still scarce. Here, the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of the four HBQs were assessed using human cell lines (bladder cancer 5,637 cells, colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells, and gastric MGC-803 cells). The four HBQs exhibited significant concentration-response relationships in all the three cell lines. Cytotoxicity of DCBQ, DCMBQ, TCBQ, and DBBQ, represented by the 50% concentration of inhibition (IC50 ) values, were 80.8-99.5 µM, 41.0-57.6 µM, 122.1-146.6 µM, and 86.9-93.8 µM, respectively. The lowest effective concentrations (LEC) for cellular micronuclei induction in the cell lines by DCBQ, DCMBQ, TCBQ, and DBBQ were 50-75 µM, 20-41.5 µM, 75-100 µM, and 50 µM, respectively. 5,637 and Caco-2 cells were more sensitive to the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of HBQs than MGC-803 cells. These results show that HBQs can induce chromosomal damage; DCMBQ induced the highest cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in all the cell lines, and TCBQ caused the least toxicity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Zootaxa ; 4742(2): zootaxa.4742.2.3, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230377

RESUMO

Biogeographic regionalisations extract patterns of co-occurrence from different taxa to form a hierarchical system of geographical units of different scales. This system is useful for revealing biogeographic patterns and can be used as the basis for scientific communication between different fields. The history of Chinese freshwater biogeography is not well known to most modern biogeographers and is reviewed herein. We produce the first quantitative bioregionalisation of the freshwater zoogeographic areas of mainland China based on multiple animal groups. The combined occurrence data of amphibians, freshwater fish and freshwater crabs were subjected to cluster and network analyses. The two different methods yielded largely similar results. We propose four freshwater zoogeographical subregions (Beifang, Tarim, China, and the Tibetan subregion), three dominions for the China subregion (Jianghuai, Dongyang, and the new Dian dominion), three provinces for the Dian dominion (West Hengduan, Diannan Highlands and the new Yungui Plateau province) and two provinces for the Dongyang dominion (Zhemin and the new Huanan province) according to the naming rules of ICAN. The endemic areas of each animal group were then individually studied and were found to reflect the bioregionalisation at the subregion level, but differed from each other at the dominion and province level. Our analyses show that: (1) previous intuitive biogeographical studies have found similar areas; (2) there are recurring large scale biogeographic patterns in Chinese freshwater fishes, amphibians and freshwater crabs; and (3) bioregionalisations derived from quantitative methods can be effective for partitioning areas into biogeographically meaningful units.

3.
Int J Mol Med ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236569

RESUMO

Glycoprotein non­metastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) exerts neuroprotective effects on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in the central nervous system. However, the expression and function of GPNMB in the peripheral nervous system, particularly following peripheral nerve injury, remains unknown. In the present study, the mRNAs and long non­coding RNAs of the distal sciatic nerve were profiled via microarray analysis at days 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 following transection. The results revealed that the expression of GPNMB mRNA was similar to the proliferation tendency of distal acute denervated Schwann cells (SCs), the results of which were further validated by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. To investigate the function of GPNMB on SCs, recombinant human GPNMB (rhGPNMB) was added to cultured denervated SCs from the distal stumps of transected sciatic nerve. The proliferation, expression and secretion of neurotrophic factors (NTFs) and neural adhesion molecules (NAMs) were subsequently detected. The results demonstrated that GPNMB expression was increased in distal sciatic nerve following transection in vivo, while rhGPNMB promoted the proliferation of SCs as well as expression and secretion of NTFs and NAMs in vitro. Therefore, GPNMB could be a novel strategy for peripheral nerve regeneration.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 83: 106425, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247266

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has demonstrated that the dysregulated expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has important roles in the progression of osteoarthritis (OA), but the function of the lncRNA SNHG15 remains unclear. In the present study, we observed that SNHG15 was downregulated in OA cartilage tissues and IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. The lower expression of SNHG15 was negatively associated with the observed modified Mankin scale scores, extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and chondrocyte apoptosis. Downregulated expression of SNHG15 increased chondrocyte viability and decreased chondrocyte apoptosis and ECM degradation in vitro and reduced damage to articular cartilage in vivo. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that SNHG15 overexpression promotes the expression of BCL2L13 by sponging miR-141-3p. The higher expression of miR-141-3p was negatively correlated with SNHG15 and BCL2L13 levels in OA cartilage tissues, and a positive correlation was also shown between SNHG15 and BCL2L13 levels. Furthermore, ectopic expression of miR-141-3p or knockdown of BCL2L13 expression could both reduce the effects of SNHG15 on chondrocyte proliferation, apoptosis and ECM degradation. Collectively, these findings reveal that SNHG15 inhibits OA progression by acting as an miR-141-3p sponge to promote BCL2L13 expression, suggesting that knockdown of SNHG15 expression in chondrocytes can be a potential therapeutic strategy to ameliorate OA progression.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(6)2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192213

RESUMO

Chibby is an antagonist of ß-catenin and is considered a potential tumor suppressor protein, but the role of Chibby in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been characterized. The expression patterns of Chibby and ß-catenin in HCC specimens and paired adjacent noncancerous tissues were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The correlations between Chibby expression and clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Then the biological functions of Chibby were analyzed in vitro. The Chibby protein was significantly downexpressed in human primary HCC tissues compared to that in matched adjacent normal liver tissue and is a risk factor for HCC recurrence and shorter survival. Furthermore, we found that in HCC tissues the high expression of ß-catenin with low expression of Chibby in the nuclei was an independent predictor for disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.012) and overall survival (OS) (p = 0.005). Subsequent genetic manipulation in vitro studies revealed that Chibby knockdown induced the expression of ß-catenin and C-myc, cyclin D1 protein, which promoted cell proliferation and invasiveness. In contrast, overexpression of Chibby decreased ß-catenin expression and inhibited the cell proliferation and invasiveness. Our results suggest that low expression of Chibby was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and poor differentiation. Furthermore, the combination of Chibby and ß-catenin can predict poor prognosis in patients with HCC. Chibby inhibited HCC progression by blocking ß-catenin signaling in vitro. Chibby is a biomarker and may be a potential therapeutic target for HCC.

6.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145046

RESUMO

Ranaviruses are globally emerging pathogens causing mass mortality in both farmed and wild populations. In this study, we confirmed that a novel ranavirus was related to mass die-offs of black-spotted pond frogs (Rana nigromaculata) in Sichuan Province, China. Histological examination revealed marked degeneration or necrosis in parenchymatous organs, and intracytoplasmic inclusions can be observed in the liver and intestine cells. The virus was isolated from diseased tadpoles (tentatively named the virus as RNRV), and the ranavirus-like particles could be observed in infected EPC cells by the electron microscope. The tadpoles challenged with the isolated virus displayed similar clinical symptoms and pathogenicity as those naturally infected. Physicochemical characteristics showed that it was sensitive to chloroform treatment, trypsin treatment, heating treatment, acidity and alkalinity. Biological characteristics showed that RNRV can induce cytopathic effect (CPE) in various fish cell lines and the optimum growth temperature is 25~28°C. In addition, the complete genome sequence of RNRV was determined (GenBank accession number MG791866) and analysed. The results showed that the genome of RNRV consists of 104,286 bp containing 55.2% GC content and 104 predicted ORFs were identified in the genome. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete genome revealed that RNRV should belong to the FV3-like group in genus Ranavirus, and is more closely related to RGV and STIV. These studies confirmed that the RNRV was the causative agent of this natural epizootic event and genome analysis indicated that it belongs to the FV3-like group. In addition, viral physicochemical and biological characteristics will provide a scientific basis for prevention and control.

7.
J Basic Microbiol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187728

RESUMO

Spirulina acts as a good dietary nutritional supplement. However, few research studies have been conducted on its fermentation. Three groups of probiotic combinations, lactic acid bacteria, Bacillus strains, and their mixture, were used to investigate Spirulina fermentation. The results showed that lactic acid bacteria significantly increased the content of amino acids and the ratio of essential amino acids to total amino acids in the fermented Spirulina, compared with the unfermented Spirulina, and this trend was enhanced by the strains' mixture. However, compared to unfermented Spirulina, the amino acid levels were significantly decreased after fermentation with Bacillus strains and so was the total free amino acid and essential amino acid content. Fermentation significantly reduced the contents of the offensive components of Spirulina, with significant differences among the three mixed bacterial treatments. Moreover, Bacillus strain fermentation increased the contents of flavonoids and polyphenols compared to the unfermented Spirulina, and significantly enhanced 1,1-diphenyl-2-trinitrophenylhydrazine free-radical scavenging ability and total antioxidant ability. On the contrary, treatments with lactic acid bacteria and the mixture of lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus strains endowed the fermented supernatants with good antibacterial ability. The results showed that probiotic fermentation has a good effect on Spirulina and can serve as a new procedure for developing new Spirulina-containing food items.

8.
Urol Oncol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinomas (UCs) are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the predecessor of end-stage renal disease, and it is also associated with UC. However, the interplay between CKD and UC lacks solid evidence. Acrolein is produced by polyamines and has been suggested to be the uremic "toxin." The level of acrolein correlates well with chronic renal failure. We recently found that acrolein-induced DNA damage and inhibited DNA repair in urothelial cells, which contribute to bladder cancer. Therefore, we hypothesize that acrolein is involved in the formation of UC in patients with CKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 62 UC patients and 43 healthy control subjects were recruited. Acrolein-DNA (Acr-dG) adducts and p53 gene mutations in UC tissues, plasma acrolein-protein conjugates (Acr-PC) and S-(3-hydroxypropyl)-N-acetylcysteine levels, and urinary Acr metabolites were analyzed in these patients. RESULTS: Acr-dG levels were statistically correlated with CKD stages in UC patients (P < 0.01). Most p53 mutations were G to A and G to T mutations in these patients, and 50% of mutations at G:C pairs occurred in CpG sites, which is similar to the mutational spectra induced by Acr-dG adducts. Acr-PC levels in the plasma of UC patients with CKD were significantly higher than those of control subjects (P < 0.001). Altered urinary S-(3-hydroxypropyl)-N-acetylcysteine was also found in UC patients with CKD compared to control subjects (P < 0.005). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that acrolein acts as an endogenous uremic toxin and contributes to UC formation in patients with CKD.

9.
Neuropharmacology ; : 108054, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217088

RESUMO

Depression-alcohol addiction comorbidity is a common clinical phenomenon. Alcohol exposure in adolescence has been shown to induce depression-like behaviors in rodents. However, the mechanism of action for this type of depression remains unclear. Previous studies have reported that several different types of stress, such as chronic unpredictable stress and early social isolation, trigger depression-like symptoms in mice by inducing hippocampal microglial decline, which is mediated by the initial activation of the microglial cells. Since alcohol also activates microglia, we evaluated the dynamic changes in hippocampal microglia in mice receiving adolescent intermittent alcohol exposure (AIE). Our results showed that 14 days of AIE, followed by 21 days period of no treatment, induced behavioral abnormalities as well as a significant loss and dystrophy of hippocampal microglia in mice. We found that this AIE-induced decline in hippocampal microglia was mediated by both microglial activation and apoptosis, as (i) 1 day of alcohol exposure induced a distinct activation of hippocampal microglia followed by their apoptosis, and (ii) blocking the initial activation of hippocampal microglia by pretreatment with minocycline suppressed the AIE-induced apoptosis and loss of hippocampal microglia as well as the AIE-induced depression-like symptoms. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a classical activator of microglia, ameliorated the AIE-induced depression-like symptoms by reversing the decline in the hippocampal microglia. These results reveal a possible mechanism for AIE-induced depression and demonstrate that the restoration of hippocampal microglial homeostasis may be a therapeutic strategy for depression induced by alcohol intake and withdrawal.

10.
Pharmacology ; : 1-11, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203973

RESUMO

Depression is a common disease that afflicts one in 6 people. Numerous hypotheses have been raised in the past decades, but the exact mechanism for depression onset remains obscure. Recently, the neuroinflammatory response and oxidative stress are being attracted more and more attention due to their roles in depression pathogenesis. The inhibition of neuroinflammatory response and oxidative stress is now considered a potential strategy for depression prevention and/or therapy. Sodium butyrate (SB) is a sodium form of the endogenous butyrate. It can inhibit proinflammatory responses and oxidative stress in different models of disease. In the present study, we investigated the effect of SB on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression-like behaviors, neuroinflammatory response, and oxido-nitrosative stress in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex in C57BL6/J mice. Our results showed that 10 days of SB pretreatment at the dose of 300 but not 100 mg/kg markedly ameliorated LPS (0.83 mg/kg)-induced depression-like behaviors in the tail suspension test, forced swimming test, and sucrose preference test. Further analysis showed that 10 days of SB pretreatment not only prevented LPS-induced increases in proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α, in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex but also prevented LPS-induced enhancement of oxido-nitrosative stress. Taken together, these results demonstrate that SB is such an agent that could be used to prevent depression onset and/or progression, and inhibition of neuroinflammatory response and oxido-nitrosative stress may be a potential mechanism for its antidepressant actions.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121610

RESUMO

Several studies have suggested that there is a link between membrane attack complex (MAC) deposition in the retina and the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Our recent investigation demonstrated that circulating IgG-laden extracellular vesicles contribute to an increase in retinal vascular permeability in DR through activation of the complement system. However, the mechanism through which extracellular vesicle-induced complement activation contributes to retinal vascular cytolytic damage in DR is not well understood. In this study, we demonstrate that IgG-laden extracellular vesicles in rat plasma activate the classical complement pathway, and in vitro Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rat diabetic plasma results in MAC deposition and cytolytic damage in human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs). Moreover, removal of the plasma extracellular vesicles reduced the MAC deposition and abrogated cytolytic damage seen in HRECs. Together, the results of this study demonstrate that complement activation by IgG-laden extracellular vesicles in plasma could lead to MAC deposition and contribute to endothelium damage and progression of DR.

12.
Australas J Dermatol ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212267

RESUMO

Pincer nail deformity is characterised by an excessive transverse curvature of the nail plate that increases along the longitudinal axis of the nail. Although various corrective techniques have been described, there is, no consensus regarding the optimal correction method. We report a novel surgical technique for correcting pincer nail deformity in a 45-year-old male with bilateral omega-shaped pincer nail deformity of the great toes. The nail matrix on the side showing the more severe curvature was removed, and a flattened nail bed was achieved after suturing. An L-shaped skin and subcutaneous tissue flap was also created 5 mm from the junction between the side of the nail with the milder curvature and the distal nail fold. After healing, the pincer nail deformity was successfully eliminated. At the 1-year follow-up, recurrence was not observed and the appearance of toes was satisfactory. This novel surgical technique is simple, minimises damage to the surrounding tissue, avoids injuring the nail bed blood supply and has few postoperative complications.

13.
J Nutr Biochem ; 78: 108323, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135404

RESUMO

Microglia are the innate immune cells in the nervous system. In the resting state, they display a ramified morphology, while upon disease stimulation their processes would be retracted, along with pro-inflammatory cytokine overproduction. Reversing microglial process retraction may help reduce pro-inflammatory cytokine production and restore microglia's ability to scan surrounding environments, rendering brain function regulation to be more effective. We found that diallyl disulfide (DADS), a major organosulfur compound in garlic oil, administered at different doses and time points, promoted microglial process elongation in both cultured systems and prefrontal cortexes in mice in a reversible manner. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a classical activator of microglia, did not affect this pro-elongation effect of DADS at conditions in vitro and in vivo. Functional studies revealed that DADS pre-treatment attenuated LPS-induced decreases in levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) mRNA as well as LPS-induced increases in levels of IL-10 and CD206 mRNA in both cultured microglia and prefrontal cortexes in mice. Protein kinase B (Akt) inhibition attenuated the pro-elongation effect of DADS on microglial process and blocked the regulatory effects of DADS on LPS-induced inflammatory responses in both cultured microglia and prefrontal cortexes in mice. In an in vivo model of neuroinflammation, DADS pre-treatment prevented LPS-induced retraction of microglial process in the prefrontal cortex in mice and attenuated LPS-induced increase in immobility time in the tail suspension test and forced swim test. These results indicate that DADS induces an Akt-dependent elongation of microglia process, along with the induction of an anti-inflammatory phenotype.

14.
Biosci Trends ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132307

RESUMO

Emerging evidence indicates that DJ-1 is highly expressed in different cancers. It modulates cancer progression, including cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, invasion, and metastasis. However, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains poorly defined. The current study noted increased DJ-1 expression in CRC tumor tissue and found that its expression was closely related to clinical-pathological features. Similarly, DJ-1 increased in CRC cells (SW480, HT-29, Caco-2, LoVo, HCT116, and SW620), and especially in SW480 and HCT116 cells. Functional analyses indicated that overexpression of DJ-1 promoted CRC cell invasion, migration, and proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic studies indicated that DJ-1 increased in CRC cell lines, activated specific protein cyclin-D1, and modulated the MDM2/p53 signaling pathway by regulating the levels of the downstream factors Bax, Caspase-3, and Bcl-2, which are related to the cell cycle and apoptosis. Conversely, knockdown of DJ-1 upregulated p53 expression by disrupting the interaction between p53 and MDM2 and inhibiting CRC cell proliferation, revealing the pro-oncogenic mechanism of DJ-1 in CRC. In conclusion, the current findings provide compelling evidence that DJ-1 might be a promoter of CRC cell invasion, proliferation, and migration via the cyclin-D1/MDM2-p53 signaling pathway. Findings also suggest its potential role as a postoperative adjuvant therapy for patients with CRC.

15.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 85(4): 785-792, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193619

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Capecitabine is a widely used 5-fluorouracil oral prodrug. Hand-foot syndrome (HFS), one of the most common adverse events of capecitabine, impacts patients' quality of life seriously. The pathogenesis of HFS remains unclear but was usually considered as a type of inflammation conducted by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The COX-2/PGES/EP signaling pathway plays an important role in the inflammatory reaction. We hypothesized that the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in this pathway may be associated with the risk of HFS induced by capecitabine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using DNA from blood samples of 225 patients, we genotyped 19 SNPs in 6 core genes (COX-2, PGES, EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4). Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 was used to grade hand-foot syndrome. We used logistic regression analysis to evaluate the correlations between genotype variants and occurrence of HFS. The cumulative incidence of HFS was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Among the 225 participants, 58.6% (132/225) patients developed into HFS, including 41.3% (93/225) grade 1 HFS, 10.2% (23/225) grade 2 HFS and 7.1% (16/225) grade 3 HFS. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the AG/GG genotype of rs3810255 to be associated with a significantly higher risk of grade 2/3 HFS, while the AG/AA genotype of rs17131450 to be associated with a significantly lower risk of grade 2/3 HFS (OR = 3.646, P = 0.011; and OR = 0.266, P = 0.036; respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that rs3810255 AG/GG genotypes and rs17131450 GG genotypes to be associated with high risk of capecitabine-induced HFS.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201112

RESUMO

The decrease of microglia in the hippocampus is a novel mechanism for depression onset. Reversal of this decrease can ameliorate stress-induced depression-like behaviors in rodents. However, the property of this therapeutic strategy remains unclear. We addressed this issue by designing a series of behavioral experiments. Results showed that a single lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection at the dose of 75 and 100 µg/kg, but not at 30 or 50 µg/kg, produced obvious antidepressant effects in chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) mice at 5 h after the drug administration. In the time-dependent experiment, a single LPS injection (100 µg/kg) ameliorated the CUS-induced depression-like behaviors in mice at 5 and 8 h, but not at 3 h, after the drug administration. The antidepressant effect of a single LPS injection persisted at least 10 days and disappeared at 14 days after the drug administration. 14 days after the first injection, a second LPS injection (100 µg/kg) still produced antidepressant effects in chronically-stressed mice who re-displayed depression-like behaviors at 5 h after the drug administration. The antidepressant effect of LPS appears to be dependent on microglia, as at 5 h after LPS administration (100 µg/kg), the CUS-induced decrease in microglial numbers and Iba-1 mRNA levels in the hippocampus was reversed markedly, and inhibition of microglia by minocycline (40 mg/kg) or PLX33297 (290 mg/kg) prevented the antidepressant effect of LPS in CUS mice. These results indicate that a single LPS injection displays rapid and sustained antidepressant effects in chronically stressed mice likely through stimulating hippocampal microglia.

17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 471-474, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with cleft lip and palate. METHODS: Copy number variations (CNVs) in the fetus and his parents were detected with chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). RESULTS: As revealed by the CMA assay, the fetus has carried a 228 kb deletion in Xp11.22 region and a 721 kb duplication in 9p21.1. Both CNVs were inherited from the parents. The CNV in Xp11.22 was predicted to be pathogenic by involving the PHF8 gene, whilst the CNV in 9p21.1 was predicted to be benign. CONCLUSION: Deletion of the Xp11.22 region probably underlies the cleft lip and palate in this fetus.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Análise em Microsséries , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Fenda Labial/diagnóstico , Fenda Labial/genética , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico , Fissura Palatina/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Feto , Histona Desmetilases , Humanos , Análise em Microsséries/métodos , Gravidez , Fatores de Transcrição
18.
Int J Urol ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of urinary incontinence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance Research Database. From a cohort of 1 million records between 1996 and 2013, a total of 202 279 patients with newly onset chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were initially recruited. We matched with propensity score 3967 patients who received Chinese herbal medicine by age, sex, year of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosis, urbanization, comorbidities and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease medications. All participants received follow-up visits until the end of 2013 to record the incidence rate of urinary incontinence. The Cox proportional hazards model was applied to assess the association between Chinese herbal medicine use and the risk of urinary incontinence among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. RESULTS: The incidence rates of urinary incontinence were 57.33 and 108.15 (per 10 000 person-years) in the Chinese herbal medicine and non-Chinese herbal medicine cohorts, respectively, showing a significantly lower risk of urinary incontinence in Chinese herbal medicine users (aHR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.45-0.69, P < 0.001). The Chinese herbal medicine prescription pattern analysis showed that Fritillariae thunbergii bulbus (Zhebeimu), Semen armeniacae amarum (Kuxingren), Platycodonis radix (Jiegeng), Xiao Qing Long Tang and Ding Chuan Tang constituted the core of Chinese herbal medicine prescriptions applied to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CONCLUSION: The use of Chinese herbal medicine in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients can reduce their risk of urinary incontinence.

19.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100224

RESUMO

Dynamic combined training is a crucial component in treating musculoskeletal conditions to increase muscle strength and improve functional ability. This randomized control trial aimed to examine the effect of dynamic combined training on muscle strength and contractile rate of force development (RFD) in patients with osteoporosis (OP) and knee osteoarthritis (KOA). 58 participants with OP or KOA were randomly assigned to a control group (CG) (CGOP, n = 12; CGKOA, n = 15) or training group (TG) (TGOP, n = 14; TGKOA, n = 17). The training group participated in a 12-week, three-days-per-week supervised program consisting of stretching and warm-up exercises (10 min), hydraulic resistance training (40 min), and cool-down and relaxation exercises (10 min). All participants were evaluated at baseline and post-training. The maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and contractile RFD at 0-200 ms increased significantly in middle-aged and older patients with OP. As for KOA, the dynamic combined training program was effective in improving the muscle strength. The maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and contractile RFD at 0-200 ms increased significantly (by 29.22%, P = .000 and 27.25%, P = .019, respectively) in middle-aged and older patients with OP. In the KOA group, MVC and contractile RFD improved but did not reach statistical significance. The dynamic combined training program is effective for health promotion in older adults with OP or KOA.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e18842, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049786

RESUMO

Acute urinary retention (AUR) is associated with hormone imbalance in men. However, limited studies focused on exploring the complications of AUR in patients with prostate cancer (PC) who receive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Therefore, we aim to evaluate the subsequent risk of AUR in ADT-treated PC patients. We collected data from 24,464 male patients who were newly diagnosed with prostate malignancy from a longitudinal health insurance database of catastrophic illness in 2000 to 2008. All PC patients were categorized into 2 cohorts, namely, ADT cohort and non-ADT cohort, based on whether or not the patient receives ADT. The patients were followed up until the occurrence of AUR. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis were performed. After a 12-year follow-up, the incidence rates of AUR were 12.49 and 9.86 per 1000 person-years in ADT and non-ADT cohorts, respectively. Compared with the non-ADT cohort, the ADT cohort had a 1.21-fold increase in AUR risk based on the adjusted model (95% CI = 1.03-1.43). In addition, PC patients receiving early ADT treatment within 6 months or receiving only luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone treatment also had significantly increased risk of AUR. ADT was positively associated with AUR risk. PC patients receiving ADT should be informed about the risks of bladder outlet obstruction and AUR, and they may benefit from screening for related risk factors. New guidelines and treatments should be proposed in the future to manage ADT-related lower urinary tract symptoms and reduce the risk of AUR.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Retenção Urinária/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antagonistas de Androgênios/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Retenção Urinária/induzido quimicamente
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