Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298988

RESUMO

This study evaluated the biocompatibility and biological performance of novel additive-manufactured bioabsorbable iron-based porous suture anchors (iron_SAs). Two types of bioabsorbable iron_SAs, with double- and triple-helical structures (iron_SA_2_helix and iron_SA_3_helix, respectively), were compared with the synthetic polymer-based bioabsorbable suture anchor (polymer_SAs). An in vitro mechanical test, MTT assay, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis were performed. An in vivo animal study was also performed. The three types of suture anchors were randomly implanted in the outer cortex of the lateral femoral condyle. The ultimate in vitro pullout strength of the iron_SA_3_helix group was significantly higher than the iron_SA_2_helix and polymer_SA groups. The MTT assay findings demonstrated no significant cytotoxicity, and the SEM analysis showed cells attachment on implant surface. The ultimate failure load of the iron_SA_3_helix group was significantly higher than that of the polymer_SA group. The micro-CT analysis indicated the iron_SA_3_helix group showed a higher bone volume fraction (BV/TV) after surgery. Moreover, both iron SAs underwent degradation with time. Iron_SAs with triple-helical threads and a porous structure demonstrated better mechanical strength and high biocompatibility after short-term implantation. The combined advantages of the mechanical superiority of the iron metal and the possibility of absorption after implantation make the iron_SA a suitable candidate for further development.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Âncoras de Sutura , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/toxicidade , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/toxicidade , Sulfato de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Sulfato de Cálcio/química , Sulfato de Cálcio/toxicidade , Creatinina/sangue , Desenho de Equipamento , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/ultraestrutura , Ferro , Lasers , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Estrutura Molecular , Osseointegração , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/toxicidade , Porosidade , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Resistência à Tração , Vísceras , Microtomografia por Raio-X
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9610, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953260

RESUMO

We demonstrated the design of pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements in tuning the microstructure of iron (Fe)-based alloys for their tunable mechanical properties. We tailored the microalloying stoichiometry of the feedstock to control the grain sizes of the metallic alloy systems. Two specific microalloying stoichiometries were reported, namely biodegradable iron powder with 99.5% purity (BDFe) and that with 98.5% (BDFe-Mo). Compared with the BDFe, the BDFe-Mo powder was found to have lower coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) value and better oxidation resistance during consecutive heating and cooling cycles. The selective laser melting (SLM)-built BDFe-Mo exhibited high ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 1200 MPa and fair elongation of 13.5%, while the SLM-built BDFe alloy revealed a much lower UTS of 495 MPa and a relatively better elongation of 17.5%, indicating the strength enhancement compared with the other biodegradable systems. Such an enhanced mechanical behavior in the BDFe-Mo was assigned to the dominant mechanism of ferrite grain refinement coupled with precipitate strengthening. Our findings suggest the tunability of outstanding strength-ductility combination by tailoring the pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements with their proper concentrations.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(20)2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050160

RESUMO

In this study, we optimized the geometry and composition of additive-manufactured pedicle screws. Metal powders of titanium-aluminum-vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) were mixed with reactive glass-ceramic biomaterials of bioactive glass (BG) powders. To optimize the geometry of pedicle screws, we applied a novel numerical approach to proposing the optimal shape of the healing chamber to promote biological healing. We examined the geometry and composition effects of pedicle screw implants on the interfacial autologous bone attachment and bone graft incorporation through in vivo studies. The addition of an optimal amount of BG to Ti-6Al-4V leads to a lower elastic modulus of the ceramic-metal composite material, effectively reducing the stress-shielding effects. Pedicle screw implants with optimal shape design and made of the composite material of Ti-6Al-4V doped with BG fabricated through additive manufacturing exhibit greater osseointegration and a more rapid bone volume fraction during the fracture healing process 120 days after implantation, per in vivo studies.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Vidro , Parafusos Pediculares , Pós , Próteses e Implantes , Titânio , Vanádio , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Remodelação Óssea , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Osseointegração , Estresse Mecânico , Suínos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Dent Mater ; 36(11): 1437-1451, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to examine the mechanical properties of two types of additive manufactured hollow porous dental implants and 6 and 12-week bone ingrowth after insertion in animals. A 3D numerical model is also developed to show detailed tissue differentiation and to provide design guidelines for implants. METHODS: The two porous and a commercial dental implant were studied by series of in vitro mechanical tests (three-point bending, torsional, screwing torque, and sawbone pull-out tests). They also evaluated by in vivo animal tests (micro-CT analysis) and ex vivo pull-out tests. Moreover, the mechano-regulation algorithm was implemented by the 3D finite element model to predict the history of tissue differentiation around the implants. RESULTS: The results showed that the two porous implants can significantly improve osseointegration after 12-week bone healing. This resulted in good fixation and stability of implants, giving very high maximum pull-out strength 413.1 N and 493.2 N, compared to 245.7 N for the commercial implant. Also, several features were accurately predicted by the mechano-regulation model, such as transversely connected bone formation, and bone resorption occurred in the middle of implants. SIGNIFICANCE: Systematic studies on dental implants with multiple approaches, including new design, mechanical tests, animal tests, and numerical modeling, were performed. Two hollow porous implants significantly improved bone ingrowth compared with commercial implants, while maintaining mechanical strength. Also, the numerical model was verified by animal tests. It improved the efficiency of design and reduce the demand for animal sacrifice.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(10)2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455543

RESUMO

The interference screw fixation method is used to secure a graft in the tibial tunnel during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery. However, several complications have been reported, such as biodegradable screw breakage, inflammatory or foreign body reaction, tunnel enlargement, and delayed graft healing. Using additive manufacturing (AM) technology, we developed a titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) interference screw with chemically calcium phosphate surface modification technology to improve bone integration in the tibial tunnel. After chemical and heat treatment, the titanium screw formed a dense apatite layer on the metal surface in simulated body fluid. Twenty-seven New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into control and additive manufactured (AMD) screw groups. The long digital extensor tendon was detached and translated into a tibial plateau tunnel (diameter: 2.0 mm) and transfixed with an interference screw while the paw was in dorsiflexion. Biomechanical analyses, histological analyses, and an imaging study were performed at 1, 3, and 6 months. The biomechanical test showed that the ultimate pull-out load failure was significantly higher in the AMD screw group in all tested periods. Micro-computed tomography analyses revealed early woven bone formation in the AMD screw group at 1 and 3 months. In conclusion, AMD screws with bioactive surface modification improved bone ingrowth and enhanced biomechanical performance in a rabbit model.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos/normas , Osseointegração , Impressão Tridimensional , Tendões/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia , Ligas/química , Animais , Parafusos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Interface Osso-Implante/cirurgia , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Porosidade , Coelhos
6.
Biomark Res ; 5: 23, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28702193

RESUMO

Because the prevalence of antibiotic resistance markedly increases with time worldwide, anti-H. pylori treatment is continuing to be a great challenge forsphysicians in clinical practice. The Real-world Practice & Expectation of Asia-Pacific Physicians and Patients in Helicobacter Pylori Eradication (REAP-HP) Survey demonstrated that the accepted minimal eradication rate of anti-H. pylori regimen in H. pylori-infected patients was 91%. The Kyoto Consensus Report on Helicobacter Pylori Gastritis also recommended that, within any region, only regimens which reliably produce eradication rates of ≥90% in that population should be used for empirical treatment. This article is aimed to review current first-line eradication regimens with a per-protocol eradication rate exceeding 90% in most geographic areas. In regions with low (≦15%) clarithromycin resistance, 14-day hybrid (or reverse hybrid), 10 ~ 14-day sequential, 7 ~ 14-day concomitant, 10 ~ 14-day bismuth quadruple or 14-day triple therapy can achieve a high eradication rate in the first-line treatment of H. pylori infection. However, in areas with high (>15%) clarithromycin resistance, standard triple therapy should be abandoned because of low eradication efficacy, and 14-day hybrid (or reverse hybrid), 10 ~ 14-day concomitant or 10 ~ 14-day bismuth quadruple therapy are the recommended regimens. If no recent data of local antibiotic resistances of H. pylori strains are available, universal high efficacy regimens such as 14-day hybrid (or reverse hybrid), concomitant or bismuth quadruple therapy can be adopted to meet the recommendation of consensus report and patients' expectation.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2017: 1970680, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28293628

RESUMO

The inclusion of a healing chamber in dental implants has been shown to promote biological healing. In this paper, a novel numerical approach to the design of the healing chamber for additive-manufactured dental implants is proposed. This study developed an algorithm for the modeling of bone growth and employed finite element method in ANSYS to facilitate the design of healing chambers with a highly complex configuration. The model was then applied to the design of dental implants for insertion into the posterior maxillary bones. Two types of ITI® solid cylindrical screwed implant with extra rectangular-shaped healing chamber as an initial design are adopted, with which to evaluate the proposed system. This resulted in several configurations for the healing chamber, which were then evaluated based on the corresponding volume fraction of healthy surrounding bone. The best of these implants resulted in a healing chamber surrounded by around 9.2% more healthy bone than that obtained from the original design. The optimal design increased the contact area between the bone and implant by around 52.9%, which is expected to have a significant effect on osseointegration. The proposed approach is highly efficient which typically completes the optimization of each implant within 3-5 days on an ordinary personal computer. It is also sufficiently general to permit extension to various loading conditions.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária/métodos , Algoritmos , Parafusos Ósseos , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Modelos Teóricos , Osseointegração
8.
Comput Biol Med ; 76: 14-23, 2016 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27392226

RESUMO

Traditional solid cages have been widely used in posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery. However, solid cages significantly affect the loading mechanism of the human spine due to their extremely high structural stiffness. Previous studies proposed and investigated porous additive manufactured (AM) cages; however, their biomechanical performances were analyzed using oversimplified bone-implant numerical models. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the outer shape and inner porous structure of the AM cages. The outer shape of the AM cages was discovered using a simulation-based genetic algorithm; their inner porous structure was subsequently analyzed parametrically using T10-S1 multilevel spine models. Finally, six types of the AM cages, which were manufactured using selective laser melting, were tested to validate the numerical outcomes. The subsidence resistance of the optimum design was superior to the conventional cage designs. A porous AM cage with a pillar diameter of 0.4mm, a pillar angle of 40°, and a porosity of between 69% and 80% revealed better biomechanical performances. Both the numerical and experimental outcomes can help surgeons to understand the biomechanics of PLIF surgery combined with the use of AM cages.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Fixadores Internos , Modelos Biológicos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Simulação por Computador , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Porosidade , Desenho de Prótese
9.
Anal Chem ; 85(7): 3781-8, 2013 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23461551

RESUMO

In the past decade, the C60-based ion gun has been widely utilized in the secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) analysis of organic and biological materials because molecular secondary-ions of high masses could be generated by cluster-ion bombardment. This technique furthers the development of SIMS in bioanalysis by eliminating the need for either heteroatom or isotope labeling. However, the intensity of high-mass parent ions was usually low and limited the sensitivity of the analysis, thus requiring an enhancement in the intensity of these molecular ions to widen the application of SIMS. In this work, the aim was to preserve samples in their original state while using a low kinetic energy O2(+) beam cosputtered with high-energy C60(+) to enhance the ion intensity through the depth-profile. Although O2(+) is generally used to enhance ion intensities in positive SIMS, it is known to alter the chemical structure and primarily provide elemental information; hence, it is not suitable for profiling organic and biological specimens. Nevertheless, owing to its high sputtering yield, cluster C60(+) ion removes and masks the structural damage, hence O2(+) may be used to enhance the ion intensity. The characteristic molecular ions of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), trehalose, and a peptide (papain inhibitor) are enhanced by 35×, 12×, and 3.5× with the use of the auxiliary O2(+) beam, respectively. This significant enhancement in ionization yield is attributed to the oxidation of molecules and formation of a hydroxyl group that serves as a proton donator. In addition to enhancing molecular SIMS signals, C60(+)-O2(+) cosputtering could also alleviate several problems, including sputtering rate decay, carbon deposition, and surface roughening, that are associated with C60(+) bombardment and produced better depth profiles.

10.
Anal Chem ; 84(21): 9318-23, 2012 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23016993

RESUMO

In the past decade, buckminsterfullerene (C(60))-based ion beams have been utilized in surface analysis instruments to expand their application to profiling organic materials. Although it had excellent performance for many organic and biological materials, its drawbacks, including carbon deposition, carbon penetration, continuous decay of the sputtering rate, and a rough sputtered surface, hindered its application. Cosputtering with C(60)(+) and auxiliary Ar(+) simultaneously and sample rotation during sputtering were proposed as methods to reduce the above-mentioned phenomena. However, the improvement from these methods has not been compared or studied under identical conditions; thus, the pros and cons of these methods are not yet known experimentally. In this work, a series of specimens including bulk materials and thin films were used to explore the differences between cosputtering and sample rotation on the analytical results. The results show that both of these methods can alleviate the problems associated with C(60)(+) sputtering, but each method showed better improvement in different situations. The cosputtering technique better suppressed carbon deposition, and could be used to generally improve results, especially with continuous spectra acquisition during sputtering (e.g., dynamic secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) depth profiling). In contrast, for the scheme of sputter-then-acquire (e.g., alternative X-ray photoelectron spectrometry or dual-beam static SIMS depth profiling), a better result was achieved by sample rotation because it resulted in a flatter sputtered surface. Therefore, depending on the analytical scheme, a different method should be used to optimize the experimental conditions.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos , Fulerenos/química , Rotação , Argônio
11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 382(1): 97-104, 2012 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22762984

RESUMO

Gold is known to have good biocompatibility because of its inert activity and the surface property can be easily tailored with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). In previous works, gold surfaces were tailored with homogeneously mixed amine and carboxylic acid functional groups to generate surfaces with a series of isoelectronic points (IEPs). In other words, by tailoring the chemical composition in binary SAMs, different surface potentials can be obtained under controlled pH environments. To understand how the surface potentials affect the interaction at the interface, a binary-SAMs-modified Au electrode on a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation detection (QCM-D) was used owing to the high weight sensitivity of QCM-D. In QCM-D, the frequency shift and the energy dissipation are monitored simultaneously to determine the adsorption behaviors of the plasmid DNA to surfaces of various potentials in Tris-buffered NaCl solutions of different pH. The results revealed that the plasmid DNA can be adsorbed on the SAM-modified surfaces electrostatically; thus, in general, the amount of adsorbed plasmid DNA decreased with increasing environmental pH and the decreasing ratio of the amine functional groups on the surfaces owing to weaker positive potentials on the surface. For the high amine-containing surfaces, due to the strong electrostatic attraction, denser films were observed, and thus, the apparent thickness decreased slightly. The negatively charged carboxylic acid surfaces can still adsorb the negatively charged plasmid DNA at some conditions. In other words, the electrostatic model cannot explain the adsorption behavior completely, and the induced dipole (Debye) interaction between the charged and polarizable molecules needs to be considered as well.


Assuntos
DNA/isolamento & purificação , Ouro/química , Plasmídeos/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Eletrodos , Concentração Osmolar , Técnicas de Microbalança de Cristal de Quartzo , Eletricidade Estática , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Anal Chem ; 84(7): 3355-61, 2012 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22401502

RESUMO

To explore C(60)(+) sputtering beyond low-damage depth profiling of organic materials, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) were used to examine metallic surfaces during and after C(60)(+) sputtering. During C(60)(+) sputtering, XPS spectra indicated that the degrees of carbon deposition were different for different metallic surfaces. Moreover, for some metals (e.g., Al, W, Ta, Ti, and Mo), the intensity of the O 1s photoelectron increased significantly during C(60)(+) sputtering, even though the instrument was under ultrahigh vacuum (<5 × 10(-7) Pa). This result indicated that the rate of oxygen uptake was greater than the rate of C(60)(+) sputtering. This behavior was not observed with the commonly used Ar(+) sputtering. To measure the oxygen uptake kinetics, pure oxygen was leaked into the chamber to maintain a 5 × 10(-6) Pa oxygen environment. The C(60)(+)-sputtered surface had a clearly increased rate of oxygen uptake than the Ar(+)-sputtered surface, even for moderately reactive metals such as Fe and Ni. For relatively nonreactive metals such as Cu and Au, a small amount of carbon was implanted and no oxygen uptake was observed. High-resolution XPS spectra revealed the formation of metal carbides on these reactive metals, and the carbon deposition and enhanced uptake of oxygen correlated to the carbide formation. Because oxygen enhances the secondary ion yield through surface passivation, the enhanced oxygen uptake due to C(60)(+) sputtering could be beneficial for SIMS analysis. To examine this hypothesis, C(60)(+) and Ar(+) were used as primary ions, and it was found that the intensity enhancement (because of the oxygen flooding at 5 × 10(-6) Pa) was much higher with C(60)(+) than with Ar(+). Therefore, oxygen flooding during C(60)(+) sputtering has a great potential for enhancing the detection limit due to the enhanced oxygen uptake.

13.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 25(19): 2897-904, 2011 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21913268

RESUMO

Dynamic secondary ion mass spectrometry (D-SIMS) analysis of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) was conducted using a quadrupole mass analyzer with various combinations of continuous C(60)(+) and Ar(+) ion sputtering. Individually, the Ar(+) beam failed to generate fragments above m/z 200, and the C(60)(+) beam generated molecular fragments of m/z ~1000. By combining the two beams, the auxiliary Ar(+) beam, which is proposed to suppress carbon deposition due to C(60)(+) bombardment and/or remove graphitized polymer, the sputtering range of the C(60)(+) beam is extended. Another advantage of this technique is that the high sputtering rate and associated high molecular ion intensity of the C(60)(+) beam generate adequate high-mass fragments that mask the damage from the Ar(+) beam. As a result, fragments at m/z ~900 can be clearly observed. As a depth-profiling tool, the single C(60)(+) beam cannot reach a steady state for either PET or PMMA at high ion fluence, and the intensity of the molecular fragments produced by the beam decreases with increasing C(60)(+) fluence. As a result, the single C(60)(+) beam is suitable for profiling surface layers with limited thickness. With C(60)(+)-Ar(+) co-sputtering, although the initial drop in intensity is more significant than with single C(60)(+) ionization because of the damage introduced by the auxiliary Ar(+), the intensity levels indicate that a more steady-state process can be achieved. In addition, the secondary ion intensity at high fluence is higher with co-sputtering. As a result, the sputtered depth is enhanced with co-sputtering and the technique is suitable for profiling thick layers. Furthermore, co-sputtering yields a smoother surface than single C(60)(+) sputtering.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 13(10): 4335-9, 2011 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21258709

RESUMO

This study demonstrated that the work function (Φ) of Au substrates can be fine-tuned by using series ratios of binary self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). By using pure amine- and carboxylic acid-bearing alkanethiol SAM on gold substrates, Φ of Au changed from 5.10 to 5.16 and 5.83, respectively, as determined by ultra-violet photoelectron spectrometry (UPS). The shift in Φ due to the use of different functional groups was rationalized by considering the dipole moments of the molecules anchored on the Au surface. A series of binary SAMs were fabricated by mixing carboxylic acid- and amine-terminated alkanethiols in the deposition solution. By mixing these functional groups in SAMs, a linear correlation between Φ with respect to chemical composition (hence the effective dipole moment on the Au surface) was observed. It was found that arbitrary Φ between extremes (5.16 and 5.83) controlled by respective functional groups can be obtained by changing the chemical composition of SAMs. The Scanning Kelvin Probe (SKP) was also used to measure the contact potential difference (CPD) between SAMs and referencing Au on a patterned substrate prepared by photo-lithography. It was found that the CPD of SAMs with different chemical compositions correlates to their Φ. However, the magnitude of the CPD was smaller than the difference in Φ measured by UPS that was possibly due to the adsorption of contaminants in air.

15.
Analyst ; 136(5): 941-6, 2011 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21152650

RESUMO

Cluster ion sputtering has been proven to be an effective technique for depth profiling of organic materials. In particular, C(60)(+) ion beams are widely used to profile soft matter. The limitation of carbon deposition associated with C(60)(+) sputtering can be alleviated by concurrently using a low-energy Ar(+) beam. In this work, the role of this auxiliary atomic ion beam was examined by using an apparatus that could analyze the sputtered materials and the remaining target simultaneously using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS), respectively. It was found that the auxiliary 0.2 kV Ar(+) stream was capable of slowly removing the carbon deposition and suppresses the carbon from implantation. As a result, a more steady sputtering condition was achieved more quickly with co-sputtering than by using C(60)(+) alone. Additionally, the Ar(+) beam was found to interfere with the C(60)(+) beam and may lower the overall sputtering rate and secondary ion intensity in some cases. Therefore, the current of this auxiliary ion beam needs to be carefully optimized for successful depth profiling.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...