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1.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(1): 65-77, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the bonding efficacy of a new so-called self-adhesive composite hybrid onto flat (FLAT) and high C-factor class-I cavity-bottom (CAVITY) dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The immediate and aged (50,000 thermocycles) microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to FLAT and CAVITY dentin of the experimental self-adhesive bulk-fill restorative (K-0180 ASAR pilot [ASAR-pilot], Dentsply Sirona) was compared to that of two universal adhesives applied in self-etch mode and combined with a bulk-fill composite (Prime&Bond Elect/QuiXfil [P&Be/QuiXF], Prime&Bond Active/QuiXfil [P&Ba/QuiXF], both Dentsply Sirona), two pre-conditioned materials (Activa Bioactive-Restorative [Activa], Pulpdent; Fuji II LC Improved [Fuji2LC], GC); and one bulk-fill glass-hybrid restorative (Equia Forte Fil [EquiaF], GC). Statistically significant differences were recorded using Welch's ANOVA with Games-Howell contrast (p < 0.05). RESULTS: No significant difference in immediate µTBS was recorded when the restorative materials were applied onto FLAT dentin, except for Activa_FLAT and EquiaF_FLAT. When bonded to CAVITY dentin, the significantly highest µTBS was recorded for Fuji2LC_CAVITY (layer filled), and was not significantly different only from P&Ba/QuiXF_CAVITY. Upon aging, the highest µTBS to flat dentin was achieved by ASAR-pilot_FLAT, which was not significantly different from P&Be/QuiXF_FLAT and Fuji2LC_FLAT. No significant difference between immediate and aged µTBS was recorded for ASAR-pilot when bonded onto FLAT or CAVITY dentin; the latter, however, was associated with low bond strength. CONCLUSION: Favorable bonding performance was found for the new self-adhesive bulk-fill composite hybrid ASAR-pilot when bonded to flat dentin. However, much lower bond strength was recorded when ASAR-pilot was bonded to high C-factor cavity-bottom dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
2.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(1): 85-97, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030379

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The material structure and chemical elemental composition of a new self-adhesive composite hybrid were investigated. The bonding performance when applied on flat (FLAT) vs high C-factor class-I cavity-bottom (CAVITY) dentin and in light-cure (LC) vs self-cure (SC) mode was determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The self-adhesive bulk-fill composite Surefil One (Su-O; Dentsply Sirona) was compared with the resin-modified glass-ionomer Fuji II LC Improved (Fuji2LC; GC) and the ion-releasing alkasite material Cention N (CentionN; Ivoclar Vivadent). The material structure was examined with SEM and TEM, while the chemical elemental composition was analyzed using EDS. The immediate and aged microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of Su-O_LC/SC was compared to that of Fuji2LC applied without any pre-treatment, and to that of CentionN applied following bonding with Adhese Universal (AU) (Ivoclar Vivadent) in self-etch mode (AU/CentionN). All restorative materials were bonded onto FLAT and CAVITY dentin. Statistical analysis was performed with the Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test. RESULTS: EDS analysis revealed that Su-O was richer in C and P than the reference restorative materials. Applied to FLAT dentin, the significantly highest immediate and aged µTBS were recorded for AU/CentionN, which were not significantly different only from Su-O_LC. Applied to CAVITY dentin, the significantly highest immediate µTBS was recorded for AU/CentionN, which did not differ significantly only from Su-O_SC. Su-O_LC bonded to CAVITY dentin suffered from a high incidence of pre-test failures. CONCLUSION: While Su-O_LC bonded effectively and durably to FLAT dentin, Su-O_SC bonded more favorably than Su-O_LC in class-I cavities, which was probably related to shrinkage stress variously challenging the respective bond.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
3.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 46, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in neurodegenerative disorders, but their roles in neurological toxoplasmosis are yet to know. This study examined miRNA and circRNA expressions in mouse brain following oral infection with T. gondii Pru strain. RESULTS: Total RNA extracted from acutely infected (11 days post infection (DPI)), chronically infected (35 DPI) and uninfected mouse brain samples were subjected to genome-wide small RNA sequencing. In the acutely infected mice, 9 circRNAs and 20 miRNAs were upregulated, whereas 67 circRNAs and 28 miRNAs were downregulated. In the chronically infected mice, 2 circRNAs and 42 miRNAs were upregulated, whereas 1 circRNA and 29 miRNAs were downregulated. Gene ontology analysis predicted that the host genes that produced the dysregulated circRNAs in the acutely infected brain were primarily involved in response to stimulus and ion binding activities. Furthermore, predictive interaction networks of circRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA were constructed based on genome-wide transcriptome sequencing and computational analyses, which might suggest the putative functions of miRNAs and circRNAs as a large class of post-transcriptional regulators. CONCLUSIONS: These findings will shed light on circRNA-miRNA interactions during the pathogenesis of toxoplasmosis, and they will lay solid foundation for studying the potential regulation roles of miRNAs and circRNAs in T. gondii induced pathogenesis.

4.
Water Res ; 170: 115283, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739241

RESUMO

Halogenated aromatic disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are a new group of emerging DBPs identified recently. They have been detected in disinfected drinking water, wastewater effluents, recreational water and oil/gas produced water, at concentrations of ng/L to µg/L in general. Previously studies have demonstrated that most of them can induce developmental toxicity and growth inhibition in aquatic organisms based on in vivo bioassays. In this study, to further understand the adverse effects of aromatic DBPs to human health, the comparative cytotoxicity of 15 halogenated aromatic DBPs belonging to four subgroups (i.e., halophenols, halonitrophenols, halohydroxybenzaldehydes and halohydroxybenzoic acids) was evaluated with mammalian Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. The results indicated that the selected aromatic DBPs exhibited an in vitro toxicity rank order of halonitrophenols > halophenols > halohydroxybenzaldehydes > halohydroxybenzoic acids. The potential toxicity mechanisms involved with the antioxidant system were investigated by using molecular docking analysis between key antioxidant enzymes (i.e., catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione S-transferase) and aromatic DBPs. Based on the observed cytotoxicity data and screening the candidate descriptors (including binding energies between the aromatic DBPs and key antioxidant enzymes as well as physical-chemical/quantum-chemical/topological descriptors), a QSAR model was developed as log (LC50) -1 = - 1.050ECAT + 0.300EHOMO - 0.238ELUMO- 0.164, indicating the importance of the interactions of aromatic DBPs towards catalase and the electrophilic/nucleophilic reactivity of aromatic DBPs in the toxicity mechanisms. In addition, the occurrence of the aromatic DBPs in tap water and finished water was studied in a mega city Shenzhen located in South China. Results showed that halogenated aromatic DBPs commonly existed in Shenzhen drinking water at ng/L levels, and three nitrogenous aromatic DBPs were detected in real drinking water for the first time. The major toxicity drivers among the target aromatic DBPs were identified through the integration of the measured concentrations and observed cytotoxicity; notably, DBPs with the highest concentrations may not contribute the highest proportions of overall toxicity.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Animais , Células CHO , Catalase , China , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Desinfecção , Halogenação , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Adv Mater ; 31(51): e1904639, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692128

RESUMO

Regulating the tumor microenvironment (TME) has been a promising strategy to improve antitumor therapy. Here, a red blood cell membrane (mRBC)-camouflaged hollow MnO2 (HMnO2 ) catalytic nanosystem embedded with lactate oxidase (LOX) and a glycolysis inhibitor (denoted as PMLR) is constructed for intra/extracellular lactic acid exhaustion as well as synergistic metabolic therapy and immunotherapy of tumor. Benefiting from the long-circulation property of the mRBC, the nanosystem can gradually accumulate in a tumor site through the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. The extracellular nanosystem consumes lactic acid in the TME by catalyzing its oxidation reaction via LOX. Meanwhile, the intracellular nanosystem releases the glycolysis inhibitor to cut off the source of lactic acid, as well as achieve antitumor metabolic therapy through the blockade of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) supply. Both the extracellular and intracellular processes can be sensitized by O2 , which can be produced during the decomposition of endogenous H2 O2 catalyzed by the PMLR nanosystem. The results show that the PMLR nanosystem can ceaselessly remove lactic acid, and then lead to an immunocompetent TME. Moreover, this TME regulation strategy can effectively improve the antitumor effect of anti-PDL1 therapy without the employment of any immune agonists to avoid the autoimmunity.

6.
J Dent ; 90: 103207, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the potential of baicalein combined with ethanol-wet bonding (EWB) in improving dentin bonding durability. METHODS: Sixty caries-free human third molars were randomly allocated into four groups and pretreated with solutions after sectioning and polishing. The pretreatments were prepared via dissolving baicalein in ethanol at concentrations of 0, 0.01%, 0.05% and 0.1% (w/v). Microtensile bond strength (MTBS) test, failure mode analysis and interfacial nanoleakage evaluation were conducted immediately or after thermocycling or 1 month of collagenase aging. In situ zymography, contact angle, antibacterial activity and bioactivity were comprehensively assessed. RESULTS: Results demonstrated that the three experimental groups exhibited higher MTBS and lower nanoleakage expression regardless of aging. MMP activity within hybrid layer and Streptococcus. mutans biofilm formation were inhibited in the experimental groups in a dose-dependent manner. Baicalein also reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) expression in human dental pulp cells and resisted adhesive-induced cytotoxicity. Baicalein exhibited remarkable capabilities at concentrations higher than 0.05% (w/v). CONCLUSION: Baicalein is a prospective candidate as bioactive dentin bonding agent. Combined with EWB, baicalein may form a functional bonding interface, thereby enhancing dentin bond strength and durability. SIGNIFICANCE: Joint efforts by baicalein and EWB provides a novel therapeutic strategy for obtaining ideal adhesive-dentin interface and prolonging the longevity of restorations.

7.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(5): 3643-3649, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602242

RESUMO

Wingless (Wnt) signaling regulates the proliferation and differentiation of midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons. Paraquat (PQ) and maneb (MB) are environmental pollutants that can be used to model Parkinson's disease (PD) in rodents. A previous study demonstrated that developmental exposure to PQ and MB affects the expression of Wnt1, Wnt5a, nuclear receptor-related factor 1 (NURR1) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). However, how Wnt signaling regulates these developmental factors in vitro is yet to be determined. To explore this, SH-SY5Y cells were exposed to PQ and MB. The results of the current study indicated that exposure to PQ and MB decreased Wnt1, ß-catenin, NURR1 and TH levels and increased Wnt5a levels. Furthermore, Wnt1 silencing has the same effect as exposure to PQ and MB. Additionally, the neurotoxicity induced by PQ and MB is more severe in siWnt1-SH-SY5Y cells compared with normal SH-SY5Y cells. Therefore, Wnt1 may serve an important role in regulating developmental DA factors, and may be a candidate gene for PD diagnosis or gene therapy.

8.
Ecol Evol ; 9(17): 9467-9478, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534669

RESUMO

The phylogeography of the European wild boar was mainly determined by postglacial recolonization patterns from Mediterranean refugia after the last ice age. Here we present the first analysis of SNP polymorphism within the complete mtDNA genome of West Russian (n = 8), European (n = 64), and North African (n = 5) wild boar. Our analyses provided evidence of unique lineages in the East-Caucasian (Dagestan) region and in Central Italy. A phylogenetic analysis revealed that these lineages are basal to the other European mtDNA sequences. We also show close connection between the Western Siberian and Eastern European populations. Also, the North African samples were clustered with the Iberian population. Phylogenetic trees and migration modeling revealed a high proximity of Dagestan sequences to those of Central Italy and suggested possible gene flow between Western Asia and Southern Europe which was not directly related to Northern and Central European lineages. Our results support the presence of old maternal lineages in two Southern glacial refugia (i.e., Caucasus and the Italian peninsula), as a legacy of an ancient wave of colonization of Southern Europe from an Eastern origin.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545151

RESUMO

It is generally recognized that sheep are susceptible to Toxoplasma gondii and play a very important role in the transmission of toxoplasmosis to humans. In China, sheep toxoplasmosis has been reported in some regions based on serological investigations. However, little is known about sheep toxoplasmosis in Shandong province, eastern China. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of T. gondii infection in the slaughter sheep and goats from three cities (Weihai, Yantai, and Rizhao) of Shandong province, eastern China. From November 2016 to March 2018, a total of 692 meat samples (438 sheep and 254 goats) were collected and detected by a seminested PCR-targeted T. gondii B1 gene. The overall prevalence of T. gondii in sheep and goats were 9.84% and 10.73%, respectively. Meat collected from rural markets (16.04%) had a significantly higher T. gondii prevalence than those collected from supermarkets (6.84%) (p < 0.001). Moreover, sheep and goats raised in backyard were more easily to be infected by T. gondii compared with those raised in farms (p < 0.001). This is the first report of the molecular prevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep and goats in Shandong province, eastern China, which would provide effective data for prevention and control of sheep and human toxoplasmosis in China.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11463, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391504

RESUMO

Tibetan pig is native to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and has adapted to the high-altitude environmental condition such as hypoxia. However, its origin and genetic mechanisms underlying high-altitude adaptation still remain controversial and enigmatic. Herein, we analyze 229 genomes of wild and domestic pigs from Eurasia, including 63 Tibetan pigs, and detect 49.6 million high-quality variants. Phylogenomic and structure analyses show that Tibetan pigs have a close relationship with low-land domestic pigs in China, implying a common domestication origin. Positively selected genes in Tibetan pigs involved in high-altitude physiology, such as hypoxia, cardiovascular systems, UV damage, DNA repair. Three of loci with strong signals of selection are associated with EPAS1, CYP4F2, and THSD7A genes, related to hypoxia and circulation. We validated four non-coding mutations nearby EPAS1 and CYP4F2 showing reduced transcriptional activity in Tibetan pigs. A high-frequency missense mutation is found in THSD7A (Lys561Arg) in Tibetan pigs. The selective sweeps in Tibetan pigs was found in association with selection against non-coding variants, indicating an important role of regulatory mutations in Tibetan pig evolution. This study is important in understanding the evolution of Tibetan pigs and advancing our knowledge on animal adaptation to high-altitude environments.

11.
Dent Mater ; 35(10): 1415-1429, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Enamel bond durability of three new alternative etchants combined with three representative adhesives was determined. METHODS: The 'immediate' and 'aged' micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) of the 3-step etch&rinse adhesive OptiBond FL ('O-FL', Kerr), 2-step self-etch (SE) adhesive Clearfil SE Bond 2 ('C-SE2', Kuraray Noritake) and universal adhesive Adhese Universal ('ADU', Ivoclar Vivadent) were measured when bonded to enamel following either a proprietary organic acid-containing Enamel Conditioner ('EC', Shofu), a phosphoric-acid monomer-containing Multi Etchant ('ME', Yamakin: 10-methacryloyloxy tetraethylene glycol dihydrogenphosphate or MTEGP), or a metal salt-based ZON etchant ('ZON', Ivoclar Vivadent: ZrO(NO3)2). All alternative etchants were used in replacement of phosphoric acid, the latter (K-Etchant, Kuraray Noritake) also used with O-FL and ADU, in addition to C-SE2 that was solely used in SE mode (controls). The enamel-etching patterns and de-bonded fracture surfaces were examined by SEM, while the interfaces with enamel were ultra-morphologically characterized by TEM. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference in immediate and aged µTBS, obtained by combining the three alternative etchants with the three adhesives, was recorded as compared with the respective controls, except for ME combined with O-FL. Upon aging, significant reduction in µTBS was recorded for the ME/C-SE2 and ME/ADU combinations. The percentage of adhesive failures increased with aging. SEM revealed similar etching patterns produced by EC and ZON as by classic phosphoric-acid etching, for which also numerous micro-resin tags at the adhesive-enamel interface were disclosed. SIGNIFICANCE: Durable bonding to enamel was generally obtained for all etchant/adhesive combinations with the exception of the ME/O-FL combination.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Ataque Ácido Dentário , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
12.
J Vis Exp ; (147)2019 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157790

RESUMO

In recent years, emerging databases were designed to lower the barriers for approaching the intricate cancer genomic datasets, thereby, facilitating investigators to analyze and interpret genes, samples and clinical data across different types of cancer. Herein, we describe a practical operation procedure, taking ID1 (Inhibitor of DNA binding proteins 1) as an example, to characterize the expression patterns of biomarker and survival predictors of breast cancer based on pooled clinical datasets derived from online accessible databases, including ONCOMINE, bcGenExMiner v4.0 (Breast cancer gene-expression miner v4.0), GOBO (Gene expression-based Outcome for Breast cancer Online), HPA (The human protein atlas), and Kaplan-Meier plotter. The analysis began with querying the expression pattern of the gene of interest (e.g., ID1) in cancerous samples vs. normal samples. Then, the correlation analysis between ID1 and clinicopathological characteristics in breast cancer was performed. Next, the expression profiles of ID1 was stratified according to different subgroups. Finally, the association between ID1 expression and survival outcome was analyzed. The operation procedure simplifies the concept to integrate multidimensional data types at the gene level from different databases and test hypotheses regarding recurrence and genomic context of gene alteration events in breast cancer. This method can improve the credibility and representativeness of the conclusions, thereby, present informative perspective on a gene of interest.

13.
Acta Biomater ; 90: 424-440, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953801

RESUMO

During development of mineralized collagenous tissues, intrafibrillar mineralization is achieved by preventing mineralization precursor inhibitors that are larger than 40 kDa from entering the collagen fibrils. Such a property is incorporated in the design of a calcium chelator for dentin bonding in the etch-and-rinse technique that selectively demineralizes extrafibrillar apatite while leaving the intrafibrillar minerals intact. This strategy prevents complete demineralization of collagen fibrils, avoids collapse of collagen that blocks resin infiltration after air-drying, and protects the completely demineralized fibrils from bacteria colonization and degradation by endogenous proteases after resin bonding. In the present study, a water-soluble glycol chitosan-EDTA (GCE) conditioner was synthesized by conjugation of EDTA, an effective calcium chelator, to high molecular weight glycol chitosan, which exhibits weak chelation property. The GCE conjugate was purified, characterized by FTIR, 1H NMR, isothermal titration calorimetry and ICP-AES, and subjected to size exclusion dialysis to recover molecules that are >40 kDa. The optimal concentration and application time for etching dentin were determined by bond strength testing to ensure that the dentin bonding results were comparable to phosphoric acid etching, and maintained equivalent bond strength after air-drying of the conditioned collagen matrix. Extrafibrillar demineralization was validated with transmission electron microscopy. Inhibition of endogenous dentin proteases was confirmed using in-situ zymography. The water-soluble GCE dentin conditioner was non-cytotoxic and possessed antibacterial activities against planktonic and single-species biofilms, supporting its ongoing development as a dentin conditioner with air-drying, anti-proteolytic and antibacterial properties to enhance the durability of bonds created using the etch-and-rinse bonding technique. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The current state-of-the-art techniques for filling decayed teeth with plastic tooth-colored materials require conditioning the mineralized, biofilm-covered, decayed dentin with acids or acid resin monomers to create a surface layer of completely- or partially-demineralized collagen matrix for the infiltration of adhesive resin monomers. Nevertheless, fillings prepared using these strategies are not as durable as consumers have anticipated. Conjugation of polymeric glycol chitosan with EDTA produces a new conditioner for dentin bonding that demineralizes only extrafibrillar dentin, reduces endogenous protease activities and kills biofilm bacteria. The high molecular weight glycol chitosan-EDTA is non-cytotoxic to the key regenerative players within the dentin-pulp complex. This advance permits dry bonding and the use of hydrophobic resins.

14.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 787-798, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774333

RESUMO

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to develop a unique N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)-loaded polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) electrospun system with separate compartments for the promotion of osteogenesis. Materials and methods: We first prepared solutions of NAC-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), PLGA, and NAC in N, N-dimethylformamide and tetrahydrofuran for the construction of the electrospun system. We then fed solutions to a specific injector for electrospinning. The physical and chemical properties of the scaffold were characterized through scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The release of NAC and Si from different PLGA scaffolds was estimated. The cell viability, cell growth, and osteogenic potential of rat bone marrow-derived stroma cell (rBMSCs) on different PLGA scaffolds were evaluated through MTT assay, live/dead staining, phalloidin staining, and Alizarin red staining. The expression levels of osteogenic-related markers were analyzed through real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Results: NAC was successfully loaded into MSNs. The addition of MSNs and NAC decreased the diameters of the electrospun fibers, increased the hydrophilicity and mechanical property of the PLGA scaffold. The release kinetic curve indicated that NAC was released from (PLGA + NAC)/(NAC@MSN) in a biphasic pattern, that featured an initial burst release stage and a later sustained release stage. This release pattern of NAC encapsulated on the (PLGA + NAC)/(NAC@MSN) scaffolds enabled to prolong the high concentrations of release of NAC, thus drastically affecting the osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs. Conclusion: A PLGA electrospun scaffold was developed, and MSNs were used as separate nanocarriers for recharging NAC concentration, demonstrating the promising use of (PLGA + NAC)/(NAC@MSN) for bone tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Módulo de Elasticidade , Dureza , Cinética , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Porosidade , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Dióxido de Silício/química , Coloração e Rotulagem , Células Estromais/citologia , Células Estromais/efeitos dos fármacos , Água/química
15.
J Prosthet Dent ; 121(3): 549.e1-549.e7, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782454

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although newly developed photoinitiators can make up for the limitations of camphorquinone, their absorption spectra are different. However, little attention has been paid to the compatibility of available wavelength spectra of light-polymerization units (LPUs) and photoinitiators within resin cements. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of monowave and polywave light-emitting diode (LED) units on the adhesion of dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements to monolithic zirconia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Monowave LPUs and polywave LPUs were chosen to polymerize 2 dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements. Ninety-six zirconia disks were randomly divided into 4 groups as different combinations of LPUs and resin cements, namely ES-U200, BS-U200, ES-SC, and BS-SC. Resin cements were adhered to zirconia disks, and the microshear bond strength (µSBS) test was conducted after 24 hours of H2O storage (24 h) and 10 000 thermocycles (10k/TC). Failure modes were examined by stereomicroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The degree of conversion (DC) was tested both immediately and 24 hours later. In statistical analyses, 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc test were performed for µSBS and DC results, and chi-square test was performed for failure mode analysis (α=.05 for all tests). RESULTS: The 2-way ANOVA demonstrated that different combinations of LPUs and resin cements, as well as different artificial aging levels, significantly influenced microshear bond strength values (P<.001). The interactions between 2 factors were also significant (P<.001). The BS-SC group possessed relatively high bond strength in both 24-hour and 10k/TC aging levels. For the same resin cement, no significant difference was found in the immediate DC (P=.405 for U200 and P=.708 for SC). At 24 hours, DC and BS-U200 values were significantly higher than ES-U200 values (P=.002), whereas BS-SC values were not significantly different from ES-SC values (P=.284). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitation of this in vitro study, the emission spectra of LED units significantly influenced the bond strengths, DC, and failure mode of dual-polymerizing self-adhesive resin cements to zirconia at both immediate and artificial aging levels. The LPU should provide light energy to match the absorption wavelengths of photoinitiators in the resin cements.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
16.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(4): 4005-4014, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30256390

RESUMO

Cementum, which shares common features with bone in terms of biochemical composition, is important for the homeostasis of periodontium during periodontitis and orthodontic treatment. Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), as a member of the sirtuin family, plays key roles in the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. However, the involvement of SIRT6 in cementoblast differentiation and mineralization and the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we observed that the expression of SIRT6 increased during cementoblast differentiation initially. Analysis of the gain- and loss-of-function indicated that overexpressing SIRT6 in OCCM-30 cells suppresses cementoblast differentiation and mineralization and downregulating SIRT6 promotes cementogenesis. GLUT1, a glucose transporter necessary in cementogenesis, was inhibited by SIRT6. Overexpressing GLUT1 in SIRT6-overexpressed OCCM-30 cells rescued the inhibitory effect of SIRT6 on cementoblast differentiation and mineralization. Moreover, AMPK was activated after overexpressing SIRT6 and inhibited cementoblast differentiation and mineralization. Downregulating the expression of SIRT6 inhibited AMPK activity. Meanwhile, GLUT1 overexpression significantly decreased AMPK activity. Overall, on one hand, SIRT6 inhibited cementoblast differentiation and mineralization by suppressing GLUT1. On the other hand, SIRT6 inhibited cementoblast differentiation and mineralization by activating the AMPK pathway. GLUT1 overexpression also rescued the increased AMPK pathway activated by SIRT6.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 365: 565-571, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30469036

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have enormous potential hazards. It is necessary for China to propose more internationally stricter standards for PAHs, in order to improve the country's pollutant prevention and control policy system, and ultimately, provide institutional guarantees for implementing PAH emissions prevention and control. In this study, phenanthrene, a typical PAHs generated during municipal solid waste (MSW) to energy system, was applied as a model compound to study the thermal degradation mechanism during the combustion process. Combustion kinetics for the three major gaseous products, including hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide, were determined. Experimental results indicated that hydrogen was promoted compared to methane and carbon dioxide during the combustion of phenanthrene, especially in high oxygen concentrations. The apparent activation energy (Ea) of 8.299-11.51, 13.10-23.07, and 9.368-15.29 kJ/mol, pre-exponential factor (A) of 0.219-1.579, 5.034-10.12, and 6.553-15.51 s-1, and the reaction order (n) of 1.160-1.234, 1.059-1.305, and 1.636-1.774 were obtained for hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide, respectively. Research on combustion behavior of phenanthrene and reaction kinetics provides the theoretical basis for the high-temperature removal of PAHs as byproducts during the combustion of MSW in oxygen-rich atmosphere.

18.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(10): 1800873, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30356983

RESUMO

Biomineralization in vertebrates is initiated via amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) precursors. These precursors infiltrate the extracellular collagen matrix where they undergo phase transformation into intrafibrillar carbonated apatite. Although it is well established that ACP precursors are released from intracellular vesicles through exocytosis, an unsolved enigma in this cell-mediated mineralization process is how ACP precursors, initially produced in the mitochondria, are translocated to the intracellular vesicles. The present study proposes that mitophagy provides the mechanism for transfer of ACP precursors from the dysfunctioned mitochondria to autophagosomes, which, upon fusion with lysosomes, become autolysosomes where the mitochondrial ACP precursors coalesce to form larger intravesicular granules, prior to their release into the extracellular matrix. Apart from endowing the mitochondria with the function of ACP delivery through mitophagy, the present results indicate that mitophagy, triggered upon intramitochondrial ACP accumulation in osteogenic lineage-committed mesenchymal stem cells, participates in the biomineralization process through the BMP/Smad signaling pathway.

19.
J Dent ; 78: 83-90, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work aims to explore the feasibility of chlorhexidine-encapsulated mesoporous silica (CHX@pMSN) as a modifier of a commercial dental adhesive via the evaluation of physicochemical properties and antibacterial capabilities of adhesive-dentin interface. METHODS: Therapeutic adhesives were developed in the present study by incorporating CHX@pMSN into a commercial adhesive at four mass fractions (0, 1, 5 and 10 wt.%). The antibacterial capability on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilm, conversion degree, adhesive morphology, microtensile bond strength (MTBS) and nanoleakage expression were evaluated comprehensively. RESULTS: MTT and CLSM evaluation showed that CHX@pMSN-doped adhesive inhibits S. mutans biofilm growth, while CHX is released from the modified adhesive continuously. The incorporation of CHX@pMSN did not affect immediate bond strength at the concentration of 1% and 5% (P > 0.05). Moreover, these bonds were mainly preserved in 5% CHX@pMSN group after one month of collagenase ageing. Meanwhile, CHX@pMSN-doped adhesive groups exhibited similar nanoleakage distribution compared with the control. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the 5% CHX@pMSN-modified adhesive achieved balance amongst unaffected immediate bonding strength, well-preserved bonds against collagenase ageing and effective inhibition of S. mutans biofilm growth. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: CHX@pMSN-modified dentin adhesive can potentially extend the service life of adhesive restoration in clinic.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Químicos , Clorexidina , Cimentos Dentários , Dióxido de Silício , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Fenômenos Químicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorexidina/química , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária/normas , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos Dentários/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais , Dióxido de Silício/química , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Gene ; 678: 219-225, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086363

RESUMO

HIF prolyl hydroxylase 1 (PHD1) functions in prolyl hydroxylation on mammal hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF), important transcription factors involved in hypoxia, however the roles of Phd1 in fish remain unclear. In this study, the full-length cDNA and promoter sequences of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) phd1 gene were isolated by a modified RACE strategy. The phd1 cDNA was 2672 bp for encoding 481 amino acid residues. In silico assays indicated that phd1 had 5 exons, and a 348 bp CpG island in the exon1, and several transcription factor binding sites (CAAT box, HRE, ARNT, FOX, etc) were also found on the promoter. The quantitative real-time PCR results suggested that phd1 mRNA was constitutively expressed in all detected tissues, and higher in the blood, brain and heart in normoxia, but significantly decreased after hypoxia in all detected tissues except for gill. Western blot assays indicated that two Phd1 isoforms were generated by alternative translation initiation. Moreover, these two isoforms were both localized in the nucleus, therein only the senior isoform promoted cell proliferation. Taken together, the present study firstly describes the functions of M. amblycephala two Phd1 isoforms in hypoxia and cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Prolina Dioxigenases do Fator Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Prolina Dioxigenases do Fator Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Processamento Alternativo , Animais , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Cyprinidae/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Distribuição Tecidual
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