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1.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 2): 114489, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is rapidly growing evidence indicating that extreme temperature is a crucial trigger and potential activator of asthma; however, the effects of extreme temperature on asthma are inconsistently reported and the its potential mechanisms remain undefined. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to estimate the impacts of extreme heat, extreme cold, and temperature variations on asthma by systematically summarizing the existing studies from epidemiological evidence to biological plausibility. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to June 30, 2022, and we retrieved articles of epidemiology and biological studies which assessed associations between extreme temperatures and asthma. This protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021273613). RESULTS: From 12,435 identified records, 111 eligible studies were included in the qualitative synthesis, and 37 articles were included in the meta-analysis (20 for extreme heat, 16 for extreme cold, and 15 for temperature variations). For epidemiological evidence, we found that the synergistic effects of extreme temperatures, indoor/outdoor environments, and individual vulnerabilities are important triggers for asthma attacks, especially when there is extreme heat or cold. Meta-analysis further confirmed the associations, and the pooled relative risks for asthma attacks in extreme heat and extreme cold were 1.07 (95%CI: 1.03-1.12) and 1.20 (95%CI: 1.12-1.29), respectively. Additionally, this review discussed the potential inflammatory mechanisms behind the associations between extreme temperatures and asthma exacerbation, and highlighted the regulatory role of immunological pathways and transient receptor potential ion channels in asthma triggered by extreme temperatures. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that both extreme heat and cold could significantly increase the risk of asthma. Additionally, we proposed a potential mechanistic framework, which is important for understanding the disease pathogenesis that uncovers the complex mechanisms of asthma triggered by extreme temperatures and protects the sensitive individuals from impacts of extreme weather events and climate change.


Assuntos
Asma , Calor Extremo , Humanos , Temperatura , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura Baixa , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/etiologia
2.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 30: 100628, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406382

RESUMO

Background: Antibiotic resistance leads to longer hospital stays, higher medical costs, and increased mortality. However, research into the relationship between climate change and antibiotic resistance remains inconclusive. This study aims to address the gap in the literature by exploring the association of antibiotic resistance with regional ambient temperature and its changes over time. Methods: Data were obtained from the China Antimicrobial Surveillance Network (CHINET), monitoring the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) in 28 provinces/regions over the period from 2005 to 2019. Log-linear regression models were established to determine the association between ambient temperature and antibiotic resistance after adjustment for variations in socioeconomic, health service, and environmental factors. Findings: A 1 °C increase in average ambient temperature was associated with 1.14-fold increase (95%-CI [1.07-1.23]) in CRKP prevalence and 1.06-fold increase (95%-CI [1.03-1.08]) in CRPA prevalence. There was an accumulative effect of year-by-year changes in ambient temperature, with the four-year sum showing the greatest effect on antibiotic resistance. Higher prevalence of antibiotic resistance was also associated with higher antibiotic consumption, lower density of health facilities, higher density of hospital beds and higher level of corruption. Interpretation: Higher prevalence of antibiotic resistance is associated with increased regional ambient temperature. The development of antibiotic resistance under rising ambient temperature differs across various strains of bacteria. Funding: The National Key R&D Program of China (grant number: 2018YFA0606200), National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number: 72074234), Fundamental Scientific Research Funds for Central Universities, P.R. China (grant number: 22qntd4201), China Medical Board (grant number: CMB-OC-19-337).

3.
EBioMedicine ; 86: 104327, 2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies have reported an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and respiratory disease (RD) within hours after exposure to ambient air pollution or temperature. We assemble published evidence on the sub-daily associations of CVD and RD with ambient air pollution and temperature. METHODS: Databases of PubMed and Web of Science were searched for original case-crossover and time-series designs of English articles examining the intra-day effects of ambient air pollution [particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5), ≤10 µm (PM10), 2.5-10µm (PM10-2.5), and < 7 µm (SPM), O3, SO2, NO2, CO, and NO] and temperatures (heat and cold) on cardiorespiratory diseases within 24 h after exposure in the general population by comparing with exposure at different exposure levels or periods. Meta-analyses were conducted to pool excess risks (ERs, absolute percentage increase in risk) of CVD and RD morbidities associated with an increase of 10 µg/m3 in particulate matters, 0.1 ppm in CO, and 10 ppb in other gaseous pollutants. FINDINGS: Final analysis included thirty-three papers from North America, Europe, Oceania, and Asia. Meta-analysis found an increased risk of total CVD morbidity within 3 h after exposure to PM2.5 [ER%: 2.65% (95% CI: 1.00% to 4.34%)], PM10-2.5 [0.31% (0.02% to 0.59%)], O3 [1.42% (0.14% to 2.73%)], and CO [0.41% (0.01% to 0.81%)]. The risk of total RD morbidity elevated at lag 7-12 h after exposure to PM2.5 [0.69% (0.14% to 1.24%)] and PM10 [0.38% (0.02% to 0.73%)] and at lag 12-24 h after exposure to SO2 [2.68% (0.94% to 4.44%)]. Cause-specific CVD analysis observed an increased risk of myocardial infarction morbidity within 6 h after exposure to PM2.5, PM10, and NO2, and an increased risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest morbidity within 12 h after exposure to CO. Risk of total CVD also increased within 24 h after exposure to heat. INTERPRETATION: This study supports a sudden risk increase of cardiorespiratory diseases within a few hours after exposure to air pollution or heat, and some acute and highly lethal diseases such as myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest could be affected within a shorter time. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 42105165; 81773518), the High-level Scientific Research Foundation of Anhui Medical University (Grant No. 0305044201), and the Discipline Construction of Anhui Medical University (Grant No. 0301001836).

4.
Int J Biometeorol ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331668

RESUMO

It has been observed that high temperature exposure is associated with a reduction in lung function and some possible biological mechanisms have been suggested. However, it is unclear if thermal perception plays a role in the association. From September 3rd to 15th, 2018, in Guangzhou, China, we repeatedly measured daily thermal perception and lung function among 126 participants with outdoor military training. We performed a linear mixed model and stratified analyses by the origin of students, gender, and the training period to evaluate the effects of thermal perception on lung function. A total of 399 measurements were collected. Per vote increase in thermal sensation vote towards the "hot" direction was associated with a - 0.04 L (95% CI: - 0.08 to - 0.01) decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC), and - 0.04 L (95% CI: - 0.08 to - 0.01) decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Per grade increase towards the "very uncomfortable" direction for thermal comfort vote was associated with an increased percentage of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1%) by 1.52% (95% CI: 0.18 to 2.86). For thermal preference, with preferred cooler vote increased by one level, FVC and FEV1 decreased by - 0.05 L/s (95% CI: - 0.08 to - 0.02) and - 0.05L/s (95% CI: - 0.08 to - 0.02), respectively. The effects of thermal perception on lung function were stronger among non-local and in the first week of training. Our study suggests that in the same high-temperature environment, thermal perception is associated with lung function, even in healthy adults.

7.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 28: 100582, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105236

RESUMO

Background: In China, most previous projections of heat-related mortality have been based on modeling studies using global climate models (GCMs), which can help to elucidate the risks of extreme heat events in a changing climate. However, spatiotemporal changes in the health effects of climate change considering specific regional characteristics remain poorly understood. We aimed to use credible climate and population projections to estimate future heatwave-attributable deaths under different emission scenarios and to explore the drivers underlying these patterns of changes. Methods: We derived climate data from a regional climate model driven by three CMIP5 GCM models and calculated future heatwaves in China under Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 2.6, RCP4.5, and RCP8.5. The future gridded population data were based on Shared Socioeconomic Pathway 2 assumption with different fertility rates. By applying climate zone-specific exposure-response functions to mortality during heatwave events, we projected the scale of heatwave-attributable deaths under each RCP scenario. We further analyzed the factors driving changes in heatwave-related deaths and main sources of uncertainty using a decomposition method. We compared differences in death burden under the 1.5°C target, which is closely related to achieving carbon neutrality by mid-century. Findings: The number of heatwave-related deaths will increase continuously to the mid-century even under RCP2.6 and RCP4.5 scenarios, and will continue increasing throughout the century under RCP8.5. There will be 20,303 deaths caused by heatwaves in 2090 under RCP2.6, 35,025 under RCP4.5, and 72,260 under RCP8.5, with half of all heatwave-related deaths in any scenario concentrated in east and central China. Climate effects are the main driver for the increase in attributable deaths in the near future till 2060, explaining 78% of the total change. Subsequent population decline cannot offset the losses caused by higher incidence of heatwaves and an aging population under RCP8.5. Although health loss under the 1.5°C warming scenario is 1.6-fold higher than the baseline period 1986-2005, limiting the temperature rise to 1.5°C can reduce the annual mortality burden in China by 3,534 deaths in 2090 compared with RCP2.6 scenarios. Interpretation: With accelerating climate change and population aging, the effects of future heatwaves on human health in China are likely to increase continuously even under a low emission scenario. Significant health benefits are expected if the optimistic 1.5°C goal is achieved, suggesting that carbon neutrality by mid-century is a critical target for China's sustainable development. Policymakers need to tighten climate mitigation policies tailored to local conditions while enhancing climate resilience technically and infrastructurally, especially for vulnerable elderly people. Funding: National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFA0606200), Wellcome Trust (209734/Z/17/Z), Natural Science Foundation of China (41790471), and Guangdong Major Project of Basic and Applied Basic Research (2020B0301030004).

8.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 24: 100496, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899090

RESUMO

Background: Extreme temperatures are associated with the risk of preterm birth (PTB), but evidence on the effects of different clinical subtypes and across different regions is limited. We aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal exposure to extreme temperature on PTB and its clinical subtypes in China, and to identify effect modification of regional factors in dimensions of population, economy, medical resources and environmental factors. Methods: This was a prospective population-based cohort of 210,798 singleton live births from 16 counties in eight provinces across China during 2014-2018. We used an extended Cox regression with time-varying variables to evaluate the effects of extreme heat and cold on PTB and its subtypes in the entire pregnancy, each trimester, the last gestational month and week. Meta-analysis and meta-regression were conducted to estimate the pooled effects of each city and effect modification by regional characteristics. Findings: Exposure to heat and cold during the entire pregnancy significantly increased the risk of PTB. The effects varied with subtypes, for medically indicated and spontaneous PTB, hazard ratios were 1·84 (95% CI: 1·29, 2·61) and 1·50 (95% CI: 1·11, 2·02) for heat, 2·18 (95% CI: 1·83, 2·60) and 2·15 (95% CI: 1·92, 2·41) for cold. The associations were stronger for PTB less than 35 weeks than those during weeks 35-36. The effects varied across locations, and GDP per capita (ß=-0·16) and hospital beds per 1000 persons (ß=-0·25) were protective factors for the effects. Interpretation: Extreme temperature can increase the risk of medically indicated and spontaneous PTB, and higher regional socio-economic status may moderate such effects. In the context of climate change, such findings may have important implications for protecting the health of vulnerable groups, especially newborns. Funding: National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFA0606200), National Natural Science Foundation of China (42175183), Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA20030302), National Natural Science Foundation of China (42071377).

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 845: 157019, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35798110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As climate change, compound hot extremes (CHEs), daytime and nighttime persistent hot extremes, are projected to become much more frequent and intense, which may pose a serious threat to human health. However, evidence on the impact of CHEs on injury is rare. METHODS: We collected injury death data and daily meteorological data from six Chinese provinces during 2013-2018. A time-stratified case-crossover design with two-stage analytic approach was applied to assess the associations of CHEs with injury mortality by intention, mechanism, age and gender. Using the projected daily temperatures of five General Circulation Models (GCMs), we projected the frequency of CHEs and CHEs-attributable mortality burden of injury under three Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios. RESULTS: CHEs were significantly associated with increased injury mortality risk (RR = 1.14, 95%CI: 1.09-1.19), with strong effects on unintentional injuries (RR = 1.16, 95%CI:1.11,1.22) and intentional injuries (RR = 1.11, 95%CI:0.99,1.25). Female (RR = 1.21,95%CI: 1.13-1.29) and the elderly (RR = 1.30, 95%CI: 1.22-1.39) were more susceptible to CHEs. Both the frequency and injury mortality burden of CHEs showed a steep rising trend under RCP8.5 scenario, with a 7.37-fold and 8.22-fold increase respectively, by the end of the century, especially in southern, eastern, central and northwestern China. CONCLUSION: CHEs were associated with increased injury mortality risk, and the CHEs-attributable injury mortality burden was projected to aggravate substantially in the future as global warming. It is urgent to develop targeted adaptation policies to alleviate the health burden of CHEs.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Temperatura Alta , Ferimentos e Lesões , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Previsões , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 242: 113836, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35841656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal gestational PM2.5 exposure was associated with small for gestational age (SGA). Identifying potential mediating factors may help design preventive strategies to reduce this risk. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the roles of maternal blood pressure and hemoglobin may play in the PM2.5 exposure and SGA relationship among 117,162 births in 16 counties across China during 2014-2018. METHODS: Daily PM2.5 concentration was collected from China National Environmental Monitoring Center. According to maternal residency during pregnancy, the PM2.5 exposure for each trimester and the whole pregnancy was assessed using an inverse-distance weighting approach. Repeated measurements of maternal blood pressure and hemoglobin during pregnancy were collected for each woman. We estimated the total effect of gestational PM2.5 exposure on SGA, and further tested the mediation effects of maternal blood pressure and hemoglobin concentration during pregnancy. RESULTS: Of 117,162 included mother-infant pairs, 11,361 (9.7 %) were SGA. The odds ratios of SGA associated with PM2.5 exposure (per 10 µg/m3 increase) in the second trimester and the whole pregnancy were 1.023 (95 % CI: 1.009, 1.037) and 1.024 (1.001, 1.048), respectively. We identified the independent mediating effect of blood pressure and hemoglobin in the second and third trimesters, with the proportion of mediation ranging from 1.64 % to 5.78 % and 2.40 % to 8.70 %, respectively. When considering the mediators jointly, we found a stronger mediating effect with a proportion of mediation ranging from 3.93 % to 13.69 %. DISCUSSION: Increases in maternal blood pressure and hemoglobin in the second and third trimesters can independently and jointly mediate the effects of gestational PM2.5 exposure on SGA. Monitoring and managing maternal blood pressure and hemoglobin during prenatal care may constitute a promising avenue to reducing SGA risk associated with gestational PM2.5 exposure.


Assuntos
Exposição Materna , Material Particulado , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Análise de Mediação , Material Particulado/análise , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 885, 2022 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We hypothesize higher air pollution and fewer greenness exposures jointly contribute to metabolic syndrome (MetS), as mechanisms on cardiometabolic mortality. METHODS: We studied the samples in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. We included 1755 participants in 2012, among which 1073 were followed up in 2014 and 561 in 2017. We used cross-sectional analysis for baseline data and the generalized estimating equations (GEE) model in a longitudinal analysis. We examined the independent and interactive effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) on MetS. Adjustment covariates included biomarker measurement year, baseline age, sex, ethnicity, education, marriage, residence, exercise, smoking, alcohol drinking, and GDP per capita. RESULTS: At baseline, the average age of participants was 85.6 (SD: 12.2; range: 65-112). Greenness was slightly higher in rural areas than urban areas (NDVI mean: 0.496 vs. 0.444; range: 0.151-0.698 vs. 0.133-0.644). Ambient air pollution was similar between rural and urban areas (PM2.5 mean: 49.0 vs. 49.1; range: 16.2-65.3 vs. 18.3-64.2). Both the cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis showed positive associations of PM2.5 with prevalent abdominal obesity (AO) and MetS, and a negative association of NDVI with prevalent AO. In the longitudinal data, the odds ratio (OR, 95% confidence interval-CI) of PM2.5 (per 10 µg/m3 increase) were 1.19 (1.12, 1.27), 1.16 (1.08, 1.24), and 1.14 (1.07, 1.21) for AO, MetS and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), respectively. NDVI (per 0.1 unit increase) was associated with lower AO prevalence [OR (95% CI): 0.79 (0.71, 0.88)], but not significantly associated with MetS [OR (95% CI): 0.93 (0.84, 1.04)]. PM2.5 and NDVI had a statistically significant interaction on AO prevalence (pinteraction: 0.025). The association between PM2.5 and MetS, AO, elevated fasting glucose and reduced HDL-C were only significant in rural areas, not in urban areas. The association between NDVI and AO was only significant in areas with low PM2.5, not under high PM2.5. CONCLUSIONS: We found air pollution and greenness had independent and interactive effect on MetS components, which may ultimately manifest in pre-mature mortality. These study findings call for green space planning in urban areas and air pollution mitigation in rural areas.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Síndrome Metabólica , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
12.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt C): 113381, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523275

RESUMO

Previous studies on gestational particulate matter (PM) exposure and preterm birth (PTB) showed inconsistent results, and no study systematically examined the short-term effect of PM exposure on PTB subtypes. To investigate both long- and short-term effects of the evidence to date in general population, we searched for epidemiological studies on PM exposure and PTB that published in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library up to March 31, 2022. The protocol for this review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021265202). Heterogeneity was assessed by Cochran's Q test and I2 statistic. Publication bias was evaluated using funnel plots and Egger's tests. Subgroup analysis, meta-regression and sensitivity analysis were performed. Of 16,801 records, 84 eligible studies were finally included. The meta-analysis of long-term effect showed that per 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 and PM10 during entire pregnancy were associated with PTB, the pooled odds ratios (ORs) were 1.084 (95% CI: 1.055-1.113) and 1.034 (95% CI: 1.018-1.049). Positive associations were found between PM2.5 in second trimester and PTB subtypes. For the short-term exposure, we observed that PTB was positively associated with a 10 µg/m3 increment in PM2.5 on lag day 2 and 3, the pooled ORs and 95% CIs were 1.003 (1.001-1.004) and 1.003 (1.001-1.005), with I2 of 65.30% and 76.60%. PM10 exposure on ave day 1 increased the risk of PTB, the pooled OR was 1.001 (95% CI: 1.000, 1.001). We also found that PM10 exposure in 2 weeks prior to birth increased PTB risk. Our results support the hypothesis of both long- and short-term PM2.5 exposure increase the risk of PTB. Further well-designed longitudinal studies and investigations into potential biological mechanisms are warranted.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Nascimento Prematuro , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Razão de Chances , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Parto , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 832: 155028, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High atmospheric temperature has been associated with the occurrence of bacillary dysentery (BD). Recent studies have suggested that hot extremes may influence health outcomes, however, none have examined the association between hot extremes and BD risk, especially at the national level. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect and attributable burden of hot extremes on BD cases and to identify populations at high risk of BD. METHODS: Daily incident BD data of 31 provincial capital cities from 2010 to 2018 were collected from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, weather data was obtained from the fifth generation of the European Re-Analysis Dataset. Three types of hot extremes, including hot day, hot night, and hot day and night, were defined according to single or sequential occurrence of daytime hot and nighttime hot within 24 h. A two-stage analytical strategy combined with distributed lag non-linear models (DLNM) was used to evaluate city-specific associations and national pooled estimates. RESULTS: Hot extremes were significantly associated with the risk of BD on lagged 1-6 days. The overall cumulative relative risk (RR) was 1.136 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.022, 1.263] for hot day, 1.181 (95% CI: 1.019, 1.369) for hot night, and 1.154 (95% CI: 1.038, 1.283) for hot day and night. Northern residents, females, and children younger than or equal to 14 years old were vulnerable under hot night, southern residents were vulnerable under hot day, and males were vulnerable under hot day and night. 1.854% (95% CI: 1.294%, 2.205%) of BD cases can be attributable to hot extremes, among which, hot night accounted for a large proportion. CONCLUSIONS: Hot extremes may significantly increase the incidence risk and disease burden of BD. Type-specific protective measures should be taken to reduce the risk of BD, especially in those we found to be particularly vulnerable.


Assuntos
Disenteria Bacilar , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Disenteria Bacilar/epidemiologia , Feminino , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Masculino , Temperatura
14.
Environ Pollut ; 306: 119357, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489530

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that maternal exposure to particles with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5) is associated with adverse birth outcomes. However, the critical exposure windows remain inconsistent. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Huai River Basin, Henan, China during 2013-2018. Daily PM2.5 concentration was collected using Chinese Air Quality Reanalysis datasets. We calculated exposures for each participant based on the residential address during pregnancy. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the trimester-specific association of PM2.5 exposure with preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and term LBW (tLBW), and we further estimated monthly and weekly association using distributed lag models. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 exposure. Stratified analyses were performed by maternal age, infant gender, parity, and socioeconomic status (SES). In total, 196,780 eligible births were identified, including 4257 (2.2%) PTBs, 3483 (1.8%) LBWs and 1770 (0.9%) tLBWs. Maternal PM2.5 exposure during the second trimester were associated with the risk of PTB and LBW. At the monthly level, the PTB and LBW risks were associated with PM2.5 exposure mainly in the 4th -6th month. By estimating the weekly-specific association, we observed that critical exposure windows of PM2.5 exposure and PTB were in the 18th- 27th gestational weeks. Stronger associations were found in younger, multiparous mothers and those with a female baby and in low SES. In conclusion, the results indicate that maternal PM2.5 exposure during the second trimester was associated with PTB and LBW. Younger, multiparous mothers and those with female babies and in low SES were susceptible.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Nascimento Prematuro , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rios
15.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt A): 113156, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331698

RESUMO

Studies have shown that ambient extreme temperatures (heat and cold) were associated with an increased risk of childhood pneumonia, but the evidence is very limited in low-middle-income countries. It also remains unknown whether pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) could prevent temperature-related childhood pneumonia. This study collected data on ambient temperature and hospitalizations for childhood pneumonia in Matlab, Bangladesh from 2012 to 2016. Interrupted time series (ITS) analysis was employed to assess the impact of PCV (10-valent) intervention on childhood pneumonia hospitalizations. A time-stratified case-crossover analysis with a conditional logistic regression was performed to examine the association of childhood pneumonia hospitalizations with extreme temperatures and heatwaves before and after PCV10 intervention. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the modification effects of seasons, age, gender, and socioeconomic levels on temperature-related childhood pneumonia hospitalizations. We found that after PCV10 intervention, there was a sharp decrease in hospitalizations for childhood pneumonia (relative risk (RR): 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.43-0.83). During the study period, heat effects on childhood pneumonia appeared immediately on the current day (odds ratio (OR): 1.28; 95% CI: 1.02-1.60, lag 0), while cold effects appeared 4 weeks later (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.06-2.22, lag 28). Importantly, cold effects decreased significantly after PCV10 (p-value<0.05), but heat and heatwave effects increased after PCV10 (p-value<0.05). Particularly, children from families with a middle or low socioeconomic level, boys, and infants were more susceptible to heat-related pneumonia. This study suggests that PCV10 intervention in Bangladesh may help decrease cold-related not heat-related childhood pneumonia.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Vacinação , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Masculino , Temperatura
16.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 761060, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35308488

RESUMO

Background: The Spring Festival is one of the most important traditional festivals in China. This study aimed to estimate the mortality risk attributable to the Spring Festival. Methods: Between 2013 and 2017, daily meteorological, air pollution, and mortality data were collected from 285 locations in China. The Spring Festival was divided into three periods: pre-Spring Festival (16 days before Lunar New Year's Eve), mid-Spring Festival (16 days from Lunar New Year's Eve to Lantern Festival), and post-Spring Festival (16 days after Lantern Festival). The mortality risk attributed to the Spring Festival in each location was first evaluated using a distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM), and then it was pooled using a meta-analysis model. Results: We observed a dip/rise mortality pattern during the Spring Festival. Pre-Spring Festival was significantly associated with decreased mortality risk (ER: -1.58%, 95%CI: -3.09% to -0.05%), and mid-Spring Festival was unrelated to mortality risks, while post-Spring Festival was significantly associated with increased mortality risk (ER: 3.63%, 95%CI: 2.15-5.12%). Overall, a 48-day Spring Festival period was associated with a 2.11% (95%CI: 0.91-3.33%) increased mortality. We also found that the elderly aged over 64 years old, women, people with cardiovascular disease (CVD), and people living in urban areas were more vulnerable to the Spring Festival. Conclusion: Our study found that the Spring Festival significantly increased the mortality risk in China. These findings suggest that it is necessary to develop clinical and public health policies to alleviate the mortality burden associated with the Spring Festival.

17.
Biology (Basel) ; 11(3)2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35336744

RESUMO

Vector-borne diseases have posed a heavy threat to public health, especially in the context of climate change. Currently, there is no comprehensive review of the impact of meteorological factors on all types of vector-borne diseases in China. Through a systematic review of literature between 2000 and 2021, this study summarizes the relationship between climate factors and vector-borne diseases and potential mechanisms of climate change affecting vector-borne diseases. It further examines the regional differences of climate impact. A total of 131 studies in both Chinese and English on 10 vector-borne diseases were included. The number of publications on mosquito-borne diseases is the largest and is increasing, while the number of studies on rodent-borne diseases has been decreasing in the past two decades. Temperature, precipitation, and humidity are the main parameters contributing to the transmission of vector-borne diseases. Both the association and mechanism show vast differences between northern and southern China resulting from nature and social factors. We recommend that more future research should focus on the effect of meteorological factors on mosquito-borne diseases in the era of climate change. Such information will be crucial in facilitating a multi-sectorial response to climate-sensitive diseases in China.

18.
Water Res ; 216: 118321, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35339048

RESUMO

Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is amply used for mining information about public health such as the estimation of consumption/intake of certain substances. Yet, proper biomarker selection is critical to obtain reliable data. This study measured a broad range of pharmaceuticals and metabolites in a wastewater treatment plant in Beijing, China, and evaluated their suitability as consumption estimation biomarkers. Wastewater sampling was conducted during a normal week and two holiday weeks to assess the impact of the holiday on population normalized daily mass loads (PNDLs). One hundred and forty-nine out of 168 pharmaceuticals were detected, with 94 analytes being quantified in all sampling events. Moreover, digestive drug cimetidine (

Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Viabilidade , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Águas Residuárias/análise , Vigilância Epidemiológica Baseada em Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35332279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the associations between temperature variability (TV) and death counts. However, evidence of TV-attributable years of life lost (YLL) is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between TV and YLL rates (/100,000 population), and quantify average life loss per death (LLD) caused by TV in China. METHODS: We calculated daily YLL rates (/100,000 population) of non-accidental causes and cardiorespiratory diseases by using death data from 364 counties of China during 2006-2017, and collected meteorological data during the same period. A distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) and multivariate meta-analysis were used to estimate the effects of TV at national or regional levels. Then, we calculated the LLD to quantify the mortality burden of TV. RESULTS: U-shaped curves were observed in the associations of YLL rates with TV in China. The minimum YLL TV (MYTV) was 2.5 °C nationwide. An average of 0.89 LLD was attributable to TV in total, most of which was from high TV (0.86, 95% CI: 0.56, 1.16). However, TV caused more LLD in the young (<65 years old) (1.87, 95% CI: 1.03, 2.71) than 65-74 years old (0.85, 95% CI: 0.40-1.31) and ≥75 years old (0.40, 95% CI: 0.21-0.59), cerebrovascular disease (0.74, 95% CI: 0.36, 1.11) than respiratory disease (0.54, 95% CI: 0.21, 0.87), South (1.23, 95% CI: 0.77, 1.68) than North (0.41, 95% CI: -0.7, 1.52) and Central China (0.40, 95% CI: -0.02, 0.81). TV-attributed LLD was modified by annual mean temperature, annual mean relative humidity, altitude, latitude, longitude, and education attainment. SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings indicate that high and low TVs are both associated with increases in premature death, however the majority of LLD was attributable to high TV. TV-related LLD was modified by county level characteristics. TV should be considered in planning adaptation to climate change or variability. IMPACT: (1) We estimated the associations of TV with YLL rates, and quantified the life loss per death (LLD) caused by TV. (2) An average of 0.89 years of LLD were attributable to TV, most of which were from high TVs. (3) TV caused more LLD in the young, cerebrovascular disease, and southern China. (4) The mortality burdens were modified by county level characteristics.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 233: 113314, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal occupational exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may have adverse effect on birth outcomes. However, little is known about paternal EDCs exposure and the combined effect of parental exposure on birth outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of both maternal and paternal occupational EDCs exposure on adverse birth outcomes, and further explore if multi-vitamins supplement and infant sex modify the association. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 5421 mother-father-newborn groups in Guangzhou, China. A questionnaire informed by a job exposure matrix (JEM) was applied to collect parental occupational EDCs exposure based on the type of work performed. We used logistic regression to estimate association between parental EDCs exposure and birth outcomes (including preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), birth defects and congenital heart defects (CHD)). Stratified analyses and Cochran Q tests were performed to assess the modifying effect of maternal multi-vitamins supplement use and infant sex. RESULTS: Compared with mothers unexposed, we found that mothers those exposed to EDCs were associated with increased odds of birth defects (aOR=1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-2.62), especially for those exposed for > 1.5 years (aOR= 3.00, 95% CIs: 1.78-5.03), or those with directly occupational exposed to EDCs (aOR= 2.94, 95% CIs: 1.72-5.04). Maternal exposure for > 1.5 years and direct exposure increased the risk of CHD, with aORs of 2.47 (1.21-5.02) and 2.79 (1.37-5.69), respectively. Stronger adverse effects were also observed when mothers and fathers were both exposed to EDCs. Paternal occupational EDCs exposure and exposure ≤ 1.5 years was associated with increased odds of LBW, with aORs of 2.14 (1.63-2.79) and 1.54 (1.10-2.15), respectively. When stratified by multi-vitamins supplement and infant sex, we observed slightly stronger effects for maternal exposure on birth defects/CHD as well as paternal EDCs exposure on PTB and LBW, among those without multi-vitamins supplement and among male babies, although the modification effects were not significant. CONCLUSION: Maternal exposure to EDCs was associated with greater odds of birth defects and CHD, while paternal exposure was mainly associated with greater odds of LBW. These effects tend to be stronger among mothers without multi-vitamins supplement and among male babies.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos , Exposição Ocupacional , Nascimento Prematuro , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Vitaminas
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